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3  1833  01143  8154 

Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2010  with  funding  from 

Allen  County  Public  Library  Genealogy  Center 





The  Clan  Gregor 


V.  I 




Amelia  Georgiana  Murray  Mac  Gregor 


VOLUME    FIRST— A.D.    878-1625 





Zo  tbe  Clan  (3reQor 

To  THE  Memory  of  the  Courage  and  Fortitude  of 


To  the  Clan  yet  Flourishing  and  Faithful  to 


To  THE  Future  Generations  who  will  still  uphold  its 


Ubts  TRecorC)  is  ^ebicatcb 

By  an  Attached 

Don  dbloin  Obriooatr ; 

Do  Chuimhne  Gaisge  agus  Treuntais 


Do'n  Chloinn  nis  a  soirbheachadh  agus  dileas 

D'AN  AINM  ; 

Do  na  Ginealaich  ri  teachd  a  chumas  suas  fathast 

A  CHLltJ 

ZM  an  Xeabbar  so  air  a  cbotsrlaeaDb 





Introduction 1-4 

Chapter  I 

Early  origin  of  the  ClanGregor— King  Gregory  generally  claimed  as  the  Founder  of  the 
Race — Two  very  ancient  pedigrees — The  Tribe  is  Royal — Sketch  of  the  feudal  and 
of  the  clan  systems  —  The  name  of  MacGregor  —  Passages  from  a  notice  by  Dr 
Joseph  Anderson  published  in  1890      .  .  .  .  .  •  •  S"'^ 

Chapter  II 

Excerpts  from  Article  on  MacGregor  in  Douglas's  "  Baronage  of  Scotland,"  from  Gregor, 
said  to  have  been  third  son  of  King  Alpin,  to  Gregor  (Aluin)  XII,  of  the  line,  in 
the  14th  century— Explanatory  Notes— The  ancient  Armorial  Bearings— The  earliest 
notices  of  the  ClanGregor  Ancestors  in  the  Chronicle  of  Fortingal,  1390 — Notices 
from  the  "  Chartulary  "  regarding  certain  lands  .....         12-23 

Chapter  III 

Short  Historical  Sketch,  1285- 1390— Professor  Donald  Gregory's  Historical  Notices  of 
the  ClanGregor  from  1296- 1534 — Details  as  to  the  Barony  of  Glenurchay — Notes 
from  the  "Chartulary"  on  same  subject — Professor  Gregory's  view  that  the  Mac- 
Gregors  adhered  to  the  House  of  Lorn  attached  to  Baliol,  and  were  consequently  not 
in  favour  with  King  Robert  Bruce— Dr  Joseph  Anderson's  remarks  on  the  same  sub- 
ject—Professor Gregory  relates  that  in  the  latter  part  of  the  fifteenth  century  the 
Chieftains  of  the  Clan  were  seated  on  Crown  lands  nominally  as  Crown  tenants,  but 
in  reality  as  absolute  proprietors,  till  these  lands  gradually  passed  into  the  possession 
of  various  Barons — Under  the  severity  of  these  the  Clan  grew  remarkable  for  opposi- 
tion to  laws— Growth  of  the  Family  of  Glenurchy— Charter  to  Robert  Menzies  of 
that  Ilk  of  lands  of  Rannoch    .,...•••        24-35 

Chapter  IV 

Sketch  of  the  Reign  of  King  James  I.— Enactment  in  1424  enjoining  consideration  of  the 
"  Hieland  men  "  who  "  commonlie  reft  and  slew  ilk  ane  utheris  " — Murder  of  King 
James  I.,  1436-7— Death  of  King  James  II.  in  1460— Disposition  of  Auchinrevach 
in  the  Barony  of  Glendochart  by  Malcolm  Johnsoune  to  Glenurchy,    1463— King 

X  Contents 



James  III.  killed  at  the  Battle  of  Sauchie,  1488— First  enactment  in  reign  of  King 
James  IV.,  October  1488,  against  theft,  reft,  &a,  and  power  given  to  certain  Lords  to 
punish  such  trespassers — Excerpts  from  the  "  Chartulary,"  1499-1504 — King  James 
y^iy. ,  visit  to  Balquhidder,  1 506— Battle  of  Flodden,  1 5 1 3,  and  death  of  King  James  IV.        36-43 

Chapter  V 

Continuation  from  the  "Baronage"  —  Malcolm  XIII. — John  of  same  generation  and 
Malcolm  XIV. — Correction  of  a  genealogical  error — Gregor  Mor  XIV.  (brother  of 
the  last  Malcolm)  of  Brackly — Duncan  Ladasach  XV. — House  of  Glenstray — Ancient 
genealogy  from  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  book — Table  showing  descendants  of  John 
Cham  M'^Gregor  of  Glenurchay — Continuation  of  House  of  Glenstray  as  far  as  Gregor 
Roy  (VI,)  of  Glenstray  ........        44-55 

Chapter  VI 

Excerpts  from  the  Chronicle  of  Fortingal  by  James  MacGregor,  Dean  of  Lismoir,  chiefly 
an  Obituary,  1092  to  about  1530,  and  continuation  by  the  Curate  of  Fortingal  to 
1576,  with  Notes  .........         56-66 

Chapter  VII 

Selection  of  Poems  regarding  MacGregors  from  the  Dean  of  Lismoir's  book — The  modern 

Gaelic  version  and  English  translation  by  the  Rev.  Thomas  M'^Lauchlan       .  .        67-83 

Chapter  VIII 

Bond  of  Manrent  from  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  " — Excerpts  from  "  Chartulary,"  1514- 
1548 — Reign  of  King  James  V.  to  1542,  and  Accession  of  Queen  Mary— MacGregors 
in  Rannoch      ..........        84-91 

Chapter  IX 

Duncan  "Ladasach" — Sketch  of  the  Laird  of  Glenurchay 's  position  in  Breadalbane,  1540 
— Bonds  of  Manrent  —  Alexander  our  M'^Patrick  MacGregor  art  and  part  in 
slaughter  of  John  M'^Donald  Bayne,  and  slain  himself  by  Duncan  Laddosach,  1551 
— Duncan  reconciled  with  Glenurchay,  May  1552,  who  beheaded  him  and  his  two 
sons,  June  1552— Legend  from  the  Lairds  of  Glenlyon— Quotations  from  the  "  Black 
Book  of  Taymouth  "  and  from  the  "  Baronage  "  .....       92-100 

Chapter  X 

Genealogical— Considerations  as  to  the  House  of  Glenstray  as  Captains  of  the  Clan— John 
M'^Connoquhy  M'^Gregour,  keeper  of  the  Castle  of  Glenurchay,  1550 — Fiery  Cross 
sent  out  in  1547 — Battle  of  Pinkie  in  September  same  year— Queen  Mary  conveyed 
to  France,  1548 — Excerpts  from  "Chartulary,"  1547— Slogan  of  Ardchoille — Letter 
from  Mary  of  Guise,  Queen  Regent,  exempting  Alexander  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  from 
finding  caution  for  his  MacGregor  tenants  in  Rannoch  for  seven  years,  1559.  .     IOI-108 

Contents  xi 

Chapter  XI 

Genealogical  and  traditional — Grierson  of  Lag — MacGregor  of  Ardinconnell,  1429-1544 
— Growing  feud  between  the  MacGregors  of  that  family  and  the  Colquhouns  of  Luss 
— MacGregor  of  Roro,  1477-1511 — Genealogical  table — Traditional  accounts — Mac- 
Gregor of  Balhaldies — MacGregor  of  Learagan — MacGregor  of  Dunan — MacGregor 
ofArdlarich — MacGregor  of  Glengyle — Gregories  of  Kinairdie  .  .  .     109-125 

Chapter  XII 

Sketch  of  reign  of  Queen  Mary — Entries  from  "Chartulary,"  155210 1564 — Contract  between 
Glenurchay  and  MacRannald  of  Keppoch  to  have  lands  in  Rannoch,  and  pursue  the 
ClanGregor,  whose  escheit  Sir  Colin  Campbell  had  recently  obtained — Proclamation 
from  Queen  Mary,  1663,  against  the  Clan — Protest  by  the  4th  Earl  of  AthoU  against 
rights  of  search  granted  to  Glenurchay — Further  proclamations — Glenurchay  bound 
in  his  pursuit  of  the  ClanGregor  not  to  "  turn  or  oppress  the  lieges  " — Keppoch  re- 
building the  Fort  on  Isle  of  Loch  Rannoch — Letter  from  Queen  Mary  to  Glenurchay 
to  stop  the  same — Summons  from  Queen  Mary  against  Glenurchay  and  letter  from 
Her  Majesty  to  the  Laird  of  Weym  that  she  has  received  the  ClanGregor  into  her 
peace,  and  desires  him  to  give  them  the  lands  they  had  formerly  had  from  him  .     126- 141 

Chapter  XIII 

History  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  and  his  family  taken  from  the  Introduction  to  the  book 
called  after  him,  some  of  the  poems  from  which  are  given  in  Chapter  vii. — Entries 
from  the  "  Chartulary,"  1565  to  1567 — Warrant  given  by  Queen  Mary  to  the  avengers  of 
the  murder  of  the  Dean's  son,  1565,  relieving  the  relations  from  their  obligation  to 
keep  the  peace — Argyle's  Letters  of  Fire  and  Sword  against  the  ClanGregor,  1565 — 
Proclamation  by  King  Henry  (Darnley)  and  Queen  Mary  depriving  Glenurchay  of 
his  Commission  by  reason  of  the  great  abuses  committed  by  him,  August  1565 — Ex- 
emption of  Menzies  of  that  Ilk — Duncan  Abrach,  two  brothers,  and  other  MacGregors 
at  the  Horn  for  art  and  part  in  the  slaughter  of  Hew  and  John  Stewart  in  Bal- 
quhidder,  1568  .........     142-148 

Chapter  XIV 

Professor  Donald  Gregory's  Historical  Notices  of  the  ClanGregor — Continuation  from 
Chapter  iii.  to  the  end — 1534  to  1603 — The  ClanGregor  numerous  in  Balquhidder 
and  Strathearn — Complaints  against  them — Deadly  feud  between  the  MacGregors 
and  Sir  Colin  Campbell  about  1560— Commission  of  Fire  and  Sword  issued  against 
the  ClanGregor,  1563 — Remarks  from  George  Buchanan  that  many  of  the  Nobles 
"  hounded  out  "  sundry  Clans,  and  amongst  them  the  ClanGregor,  for  their  own  ends 
—The  MacGregors  of  Glenstray—"  General  Band  "  of  1587— Slaughter  of  Drum- 
mondernoch — Commission  against  the  Clan  given  to  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyle,  1593 
— The  Laird  of  MacGregor  made  submission  to  the  King,  1596 — The  good  intentions 
of  the  Clan  secretly  frustrated  by  Argyle— Conflict  of  Glenfrune,  1603,  followed  by 
the  proscription  of  the  ClanGregor — Comparison  with  the  case  of  the  Clan  Chattan 
and  similarity  to  the  fate  of  the  Macdonalds  of  Glencoe  ....      149-157 


xii  Contents 

Chapter  XV 

Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  beheaded  by  Glenurchay,  7th  April  1570— Lament  for 
the  Death  of  "  Gregor  Roy  nan  Bassan  Gheal  "  in  GaeHc,  with  EngHsh  translation, 
from  the  Killin  Collection  of  Gaelic  Songs— Prose  translation  by  Mr  Duncan 
Campbell— Contrast  of  a  friendly  letter  from  Sir  Colin  Campbell  to  Gregor  M'^Ane, 
Keeper  of  the  Castle  of  Glenurchay— Repetition  of  sundry  passages  from  the 
Chronicle  of  Fortingal  showing  the  acts  of  revenge  by  the  Clan  immediately  following 
theslaughter  of  Glenstray,  August  1570  to  1576  .....     158-167 

Chapter  XVI 

Duncan  Abberach  eldest  grandson  of  Duncan  Ladosach,  from  the  "  Baronage  "—Bond  of 
Maintenance  to  him  and  his  family  granted  by  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyle,  1573— 
Quotations  from  the  "  Chartulary  "—Raid  by  John  Drummond  of  Drummondernoch, 
1580-81— Proclamation  from  King  James  VI.,  1582,  to  remit  offences  to  those  who  sub- 
mitted themselves— Excerpts  from  "Black  Book  of  Taymouth,"  1583-84— Excerpts 
from  the  "Chartulary,"  1584-85 — Bond  of  the  Roro  MacGregors  with  Glenurchay,  1585 
—Letters  of  Horning,  1586,  against  certain  of  the  ClanGregor  and  full  list  of  their 
names,  collated  with  another  list  of  names  in  1586— Entries  from  "  Chartulary,"  to 
August  1589— Tale  from  the  "Lairds  of  Glenlyon"   .....     168-183 

Chapter  XVII 

Acts  of  Scottish  Parliament— Early  part  of  reign  of  King  James  VL— The  ' '  General  Band," 
1587 — Caution  to  be  found  for  landlords  and  others — Chiefs  of  Clans  to  find  pledges 
—Men  born  in  the  Highlands  and  Borders  to  return  to  the  places  where  they  were 
born— Roll  of  Landlords  and  Bailies — Roll  of  Clans — Remarks  on  the  disturbed 
state  of  other  Clans,  although  penalties  were  chiefly  meted  out  to  the  ClanGregor— 
Songs  "  Reel  of  Tulloch  "  and  "  Glenorchy  MacGregor  "       ....     184-203 

Chapter  XVIII 

Murder  of  John  Drummond  of  Drummondernoch,  September  1589— Bond  to  pursue  the 
ClanGregor  for  their  alleged  participation  in  this  crime,  taken  from  the  "  Black  Book 
of  Taymouth  "—Details  of  the  occurrence  from  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council, 
February  1589-90 — Full  list  of  the  Clan  who  were  prescribed,  from  do. — Complaint 
by  the  friends  of  Drummondernoch  from  the  Register  of  Homings,  Perth— Entries 
from  the  "  Chartulary  "  in  reference  to  the  same— The  Ardvorlich  traditions  as  to  the 
Murder,  contained  in  a  letter  to  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray,  1812 — Depositions  by 
Balquhidder  men  attributing  the  murder  to  the  Maclans  of  Glencoe— Letters  to  the 
same  effect— Allaster  of  Glenstray  and  the  Clan's  acceptance  of  the  charge  against 
them— Poem  by  Sir  Alexander  Boswell  on  this  theme  ....     204-220 

Chapter  XIX 

Allaster  Roy  MacGregor  of  Glenstray's  position  after  the  death  of  Drummondernoch— 
Proclamation  against  the  ClanGregor,  July  1590,  discharging  all  bands  of  mainten- 

Contents  xiii 

ance  between  Glenurchay  and  any  of  them,  or  between  any  other  landlords  and  the 
ClanGregor — Glenurchay  himself  bound  to  keep  the  King's  peace,  December  17th, 
1590,  and  December  i8th  permitted  to  enter  into  reconciliation  with  the  ClanGregor 
— Remission  to  Glenstray  and  kinsmen  for  all  criminal  actions,  January  1591-2 — 
MacGregor  of  Ardinconnal  and  their  dealings  with  the  Colquhouns  and  others  in 
their  neighbourhood  from  1545  to  1591 — Feud  between  the  MacAulays  and  Buchan- 
nans  and  Band  of  Manrent  between  the  former  and  the  MacGregors — Sir  Humphrey 
Colquhoun  of  Luss  besieged  in  his  castle  by  the  Macfarlanes  who  were  allied  with  the 
MacAulays,  accounting  for  a  growing  feud  between  the  MacGregors  and  Colquhouns    221-234 

Chapter  XX 

Complaint  by  Edward  Reidheuch  against  Alexander  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstray  and  others 
— List  of  principal  men  of  the  three  houses  of  the  ClanGregor  from  a  paper  in  the 
British  Museum,  and  notes  by  the  compiler — Commission  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle 
against  the  ClanGregor  and  the  Stewarts  of  Balquhidder,  February  1592-3 — Principal 
men  of  the  ClanGregor  charged  to  appear  before  the  Earl  of  Argyle — Various  trans- 
actions about  Glenstray,  from  the  "  Chartulary,"  1596 — Charges  from  landlords  to 
their  tenants  to  flit — Other  actions  at  law  by  landlords,  1595,  in  compliance  with 
the  enactments  of  the  General  Band — Letter  from  King  James  VL  to  M'^Intosh  to 
"  execute  to  the  death  "  a  MacGregor  prisoner,  1596 — Bond  by  the  Laird  of  Mac- 
Gregor for  himself  and  his  Clan,  1596,  and  Glenstray  appointed  householdman  to 
the  King — Second  remission  granted  to  Glenstray  and  all  persons  of  the  name  for  the 
slaughter  of  Drummondernoch,  1596   .......     235-248 

Chapter  XXI 

Excerpts  from  the  "  Chartulary  " — Notices  of  removal  to  sundry  MacGregors,  1596,  1598-9 
— Charge  to  landlords  of  the  ClanGregor  to  present  them,  1599 — More  notices  to  flit, 
1599— Offer  from  Glenstray  to  furnish  six  pledges  from  the  Clan  to  be  delivered  to  the 
King  as  caution  for  good  behaviour,  July  1599 — Bond  by  the  Laird  of  MacGregor  for 
his  Clan — Excerpt  from  Introduction  to  Vol.  vi.  of  the  Privy  Council  of  Scotland 
regarding  the  Chief  of  the  ClanGregor — Entry  of  certain  of  the  pledges,  December 
1599 — Proclamation  against  the  resetters  of  the  Clan,  January  1600 — Complaint  of 
certain  landlords  as  to  the  resett  afforded  by  the  Chief  and  other  landlords — Glenstray 
himself  detained  in  ward,  March  1900 — More  pledges  entered,  August  and  December 
1600     ...........     249-263 

Chapter  XXII 

Proclamation  from  King  James  VI.  for  the  extinguishingof  deadly  feud,  November  1600 — 
Commission  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle  as  Lieutenant  and  Justice  against  the  ClanGregor, 
Glenstray  having  failed  to  deliver  pledges  for  the  second  quarter,  orders  to  pursue 
the  ClanGregor  with  fire  and  sword — From  the  "  Chartulary  " — Bond  given  by  the 
ClanGregor  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle,  April  1601— List  of  principal  persons  binding  them- 
selves and  families — Sundry  old  complaints  brought  up  and  notices  to  quit,  June  1601 
to  1602  ..........     264-278 

xlv  Contents 

Chapter  XXIII 

Conflict  of  Glenfruin — Excerpt  from  the  "  Baronage  "  (continued  from  Chapter  xvi.) — Sir 
Robert  Gordon's  account  of  the  battle,  and  notes  from  the  "  Baronage  "  upon  it — Tra- 
ditional account  of  incident  leading  to  the  fight — Narration  of  the  conflict  from  the 
opposite  side — Excerpts  from  the  "Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  edited  by  Sir  William 
Eraser — Account  of  several  previous  inroads,  and  of  the  raid  of  Glenfinlas — Short 
narrative  of  the  conflict  of  the  8th  February  1603  in  "Summons"  by  Alexander 
Colquhoun  of  Luss,  from  the  "  Chartulary  "    ......     279-290 

Chapter  XXIV 

Conflict  of  Glenfruin  continued— Sir  Walter  Scott's  account  in  his  introduction  to  "  Rob 
Roy  " — Accusation  as  to  the  murder  of  some  students,  partly  refuted  by  a  note  by  Sir 
Walter  Scott — Repetition  of  the  tradition  by  Sir  William  Eraser,  but  naming  the  Act 
of  Privy  Council  accusing  a  certain  Allan  Oig  M'^Intosh  of  some  such  deed — Previous 
arguments  in  refutation  of  it  by  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray — Sketch  of  Glenstray's 
probable  route  from  Rannoch  to  Strone  in  Glenfruin  ....     291-298 

Chapter  XXV 

Numerous  letters  charging  noblemen  and  landlords  to  resist  the  ClanGregor,  and  to  present 
certain  of  them  before  the  Council,  29th  March  1603 — Proclamation  by  King  James 
VI.  abolishing  the  name,  because  the  "bare  and  simple  name  of  MacGregor  made 
that  'haill  Clan'  to  presume  of  their  power" — April  3rd,  1603,  sentences  on  several 
men  captured — More  charges  to  landlords  to  resist  "invasion" — Plan  of  transport- 
ing and  banishing  the  whole  Clan,  May  1603— Complaint  against  them  from  the 
Presbytery  of  Stirling,  September  1603 — Excerpts  from  "  Balfour's  Annals"  from  a 
diary  by  Robert  Birrel,  and  from  the  "  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  relating  capture  of 
Glenstray  and  his  execution — Observations  on  the  preceding  excerpts  .  .     299-314 

Chapter  XXVI. 

Conflict  of  Glenfruin,  the  Article  upon  it,  in  the  Records  of  Criminal  Trials  by  Robert 
Pitcairne — Trial  of  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  and  several  other  MacGregors, 
with  Notes  in  Arnold's  edition  of  the  Records — MS.  Account  of  attempt  to  seize  the 
Laird  of  MacGregor  by  Ardkinlass,  Glenstray  escaping — Recapture  through  the 
promises  of  Argyle  and  his  execution,  1601 — The  Laird  of  MacGregor's  Declaration 
at  time  of  Conviction —Trial  and  Execution  of  other  MacGregors — Excerpt  from 
"  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  as  to  those  of  the  ClanGregor  executed  with  Glenstray 
and  Notes  by  editor     .........     315-330 

Chapter  XXVII. 

Death  of  John  Dhu  nan  Lurag,  brother  of  Glenstray,  at  the  Conflict  of  Glenfruin — His 
immediate  descendants — Excerpts  from  the  "  Baronage  " — The  MacGregors  hunted 
down  with  bloodhounds — Death  of  Duncan  Abroch  and  others  slain  at  Bentoig,  from 

Contents  xv 

u  O    ^  V 

the  "Black  Book  of  Taymouth,"  also  from  "  Chartulary"— Duncan  Abroch's  sons, 
from  the  "Baronage  " — Notice  of  his  sword  in  the  possession  of  Sir  Malcolm  MacGregor 
of  MacGregor — From  the  "  Chartulary"  :  Sundry  Messages  to  "  raise  the  shout  and 
fray  "  upon  the  MacGregors — Claim  for  reward  from  John  Colquhoun  of  Camstrodden 
for  capture  of  certain  MacGregors — Letter  from  the  King  admonishing  Argyle  to  pro- 
secute his  service  against  the  ClanGregor,  October  1604—  Song  "  MacGregor  of 
Roro" 313-345 

Chapter  XXVIII 

From  the  "Chartulary,"  March  1605  to  August  1610 :  Mention  of  the  two  volumes  of 
original  Minutes  of  the  Privy  Council  missing  from  28th  February  1603  to  7th  August 
1606 — Lists  of  MacGregors  adopting  other  surnames  and  caution  taken  for  several  of 
the  Clan — Excerpts  from  Register  of  the  Privy  Council,  edited  by  Dr  Masson,  as  to 
Resetting,  and  the  Earl  of  Argyle's  demand  to  have  a  gift  of  Kintyre  from  the  King 
in  reward  for  his  service  against  the  ClanGregor  (about  1607),  and  from  the  Chiefs 
of  Colquhoun  the  grant  in  consequence  from  King  James  VL,  July  1607 — From  the 
"  Chartulary"  :  Allan  Oig  M^Intach  accused  of  the  slaughter  of  forty  unarmed  persons 
at  the  Conflict  of  Glenfruin — Complaint  by  the  Laird  of  Luss  against  MacGregors,  ^ 

November  1609,  and  remarks  upon  it  by  Sir  William  Eraser — Proclamation  to  prohibit     ^    ^  A    ^ 
owners  of  boats  from  carrying  MacGregors  across  any  of  the  lochs  where  they  might  be 
seeking  for  shelter — Further  Commissions  of  Fire  and  Sword  against  the  Clan  and 
Proclamation    for    assistance   to    the   Commissioners — Also    Proclamation    against 
Resetters,  all  in  i6io   .........     346-359 

Chapter  XXIX 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  1610  :  Two  proclamations  against  transporting  the  ClanGregor  , 

across  any  lochs — Cameron  of  Lochiel  and  M"^Rannald  of  Gargavach  employed  against  / 

the  Clan— Quotation  from  Introduction  of  Vol.  ix.  of  Dr  Masson's  Privy  Council  ^„^  / 
Register— The  Clan  having  shut  themselves  up  in  the  Island  of  Loch  Katrine,  January 
161 1— Boats  to  be  transported  there  and  two  pieces  of  Ordnance  for  a  siege— By  the 
end  of  February  intelligence  that  the  expedition  had  collapsed  and  the  MacGregors 
escaped — Act  against  the  Clan,  January  31,  and  pardon  offered  to  any  MacGregor  who 
may  slay  or  betray  another  MacGregor— February  19,  161 1,  Charge  against  the  Under- 
takers of  the  Service  against  the  ClanGregor  that  they  have  let  them  escape  from  the 
island — Accounts  of  the  Siege  of  Ilanvarnoch,  from  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth" 
— A  tradition  regarding  a  shot  fired  from  the  island— Modern  verses  on  the  subject    .     360-376 

Chapter  XXX 

From  the  "  Chartulary,"  161 1,  continued  :  Trials  of  sundry  MacGregors,  and  Notes  of  ex- 
penses connected  with  their  imprisonment— Letter  from  the  King  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle 
and  another  Commission  to  him,  April  29th,  161 1,  and  a  licence  to  him  to  receive  the 
offers  of  any  MacGregor  who  should  first  enter  in  "action  and  blood  against  any  of 
that  race  and  name  "—Submission  of  Gregor  MacGregor,  "  now  called  the  Laird," 
and  Duncan   M'^Ewin,  sometime  called   the  Tutor,  under  the  protection   of  Alan 

xvi  Contents 

MacEan  duy  (Lochiel) — Another  Proclamation,  May  i6ii,  the  wives  and  children  of 
the  ClanGregor  to  be  rendered  up  to  the  Lieutenant  (Argyle)  and  the  wives  to  be 
"  marked  with  a  key  upon  the  face  " — Overture  for  transplanting  the  Bairns  of  the 
ClanGregor  (May  1611)  to  Ireland — Robert  Abroch  being  in  Badenoch,  with  22 
others,  was  protected  by  the  Clan  Chattan  and  Clan  Pherson,  who  checked  the 
Macdonalds  and  Camerons  in  pursuit  of  them,  September  161 1 — Another  proclamation 
regarding  the  "transplanting"  of  the  wives  and  children,  November  161 1 — Note  of 
the  King's  will  concerning  the  pardon  of  certain  MacGregors — Farther  orders  against 
Resetters — Dispute  (December  161 1),  brother  of  Campbell  of  Lawers  against  Robert- 
son of  Strowan  on  account  of  the  vacant  lands  due  to  him  for  the  slaughter  of  John 
Dow  M'^Allaster  in  Stronfeaman,  whose  widow  and  bairns  are  to  be  ejected  .     377-395 

Chapter  XXXI 

From  the  "  Chartulary, "  1612 :  Certain  Camerons  and  Macdonalds  refusing  to  follow  Lochiel 
and  M'^Donald  of  Gargavach  against  the  ClanGregor  denounced  rebels — Skirmish 
between  the  Earl  of  Perth,  with  whose  forces  appeared  a  number  of  MacGregors,  and 
another  body  of  MacGregors  at  Tomzarloch,  six  of  the  latter  killed  and  five  captured — 
Precept  of  remission  in  April  to  the  three  sons  of  Patrick  Aoloch,  who  assumed  the 
name  of  Livingston — Commission  in  July  to  try  certain  MacGregors,  and  condemned 
to  execution — Commission  in  August  against  resetters,  and  sundry  put  to  the  horn     .     396-405 

Chapter  XXXII 

From  the  "Chartulary,"  1613,  January  to  June :  Remission  to  Robert  Abroch,  who  had 
applied  direct  to  the  King,  at  which  the  Council  were  incensed — Proclamation  in 
January  against  the  Clan  wearing  any  "  armour  "  except  a  "  pointless  knife  " —  Letter 
in  February  from  Glenurchy  to  the  King,  alarmed  at  a  "fresh  growth"  of  "some 
sixteen  score"  of  the  Clan — Memorial  as  to  services  of  Laird  of  Lawers  and  his 
brother  against  the  ClanGregor — List  of  Resetters  fined  in  May  (evidently  themselves 
MacGregors) — In  June,  five  MacGregors  tried  and  executed  for  the  Conflict  of  Glen- 
fruin — ^June,   "  Act  anent  the  Bairns  "  of  the  Clan       .  .  .  .  . 

Chapter  XXXIII 

From  the  "  Chartulary,"  1613,  July  to  December  :  Earl  of  Argyle  to  give  the  King  22|  per 
cent,  of  the  fines  of  resetters  of  the  Clan — Certain  Landlords  of  the  Clan  offered  pay- 
ment to  the  King  for  peaceable  possession  of  their  lands — Others  objected  to  the  con- 
tribution— Charges  and  discussions  on  the  subject — In  November  farther  dealings 
about  the  transplantation  of  the  Bairns,  and  contributions  in  regard  to  their  main- 
tenance—In December  a  roll  ordered  of  all  the  Bairns  of  those  of  the  ClanGregor 
who  were  outlawed — Remission  to  Duncan  Douglas,  formerly  M'^Gregor  of 
Morinsche  and  Tutor  of  Glenstray       .......     419-427 

Chapter  XXXIV 

From  the  "Chartulary,"  1614,  January:  Cautioners  to  exhibit  Robert  Abroch,  Gregor  Gair 
V^^Patrick,  and  several  others — March,  Remission  of  John  Murray,  formerly  Gregor 

Contents  xvil 

MacGregor  V'Coull  Chere — Trial  of  Resetters — In  August  number  of  outlaws  reduced 
to  fourteen — From  "Black  Book  of  Tay  mouth  "  :  In  1615  The  Laird  of  Lawers  and 
Glenurchay  quarrelled  over  the  contributions  to  be  paid  to  the  King — From  the  "  Char- 
tulary":  King  James  VI.  visited  Scotland,  May  1617 — Repetition  of  proscription  of 
the  name  of  MacGregor — In  June  Act  discharging  the  Custom  of  "  Caulpes  " — 1618, 
Cautioners  of  certain  MacGregors  fined  for  not  presenting  them  .  .  .     428-439 

Chapter  XXXV 

From  the  "Chartulary,"  1619  :  Mention  of  several  MacGregors— 1620,  Letter  from  King 
James  VI.  to  the  Lord  of  Scone  urging  an  agreement  between  Sir  Duncan  Campbell 
of  Glenurchay  and  John  Murray  (Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glenstray)  as  to  entering  the 
latter  on  the  lands  of  Glenstray  and  Strathmallachan— Injunction  for  watches  to  be 
set  out  to  put  to  justice  any  "  broken  men  "— 1621,  Robert  Abroch,  with  the  sons  of 
Patrick  Aoloch,  having  broken  loose,  further  complications — 1622,  AUaster  M'^Pat- 
rick  M'^Gregor  in  Caderine  captured  and  executed,  and  John  M'^Donald  Glas  slain— 
March  1622,  Sundry  MacGregors  fined  for  shooting  wild  fowl— June  1624,  Commis- 
sion against  a  few  of  the  Clan  who  had  "broken  loose" — February,  Offer  of  sub- 
mission from  the  ClanGregor  and  warrant  to  receive  them  into  the  King's  Peace, 
except  Robert  Abroch— July  13,  Precept  of  Sasine  to  Gregor  Murray,  alias 
M'^Gregor,  in  the  lands  of  Glenstray,  as  Great  Grandson  of  Alexander  MacGregor  of 
Glenstray,  the  last  of  the  Lairds  infeoffed— From  the  "Black  Book  of  Taymouth," 
1624,  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  bought  Stromelochan  and  Glenstray  from  Gregor  M'=Ean- 
dowie  M'^Gregor  and  his  brothers  Patrick  and  Ewin— Oct.  20,  Robert  Abroch  ten- 
dered his  submission,  but  was  imprisoned — March  1625,  Death  of  King  James  VI.    .     440-454 

Appendix 455-467 

Index 469-483 


Page  17 — sth  line, /or  "  37,"  read  "  38.  " 

,,     28 — 6th  line,/c;r  "  Lawmund  MacGregor,"  as  quoted  from  Professor  Donald  Gregory,  a  more 
recent  investigator  reads  "  Lawmund  MacErchar." 

„     31 — 2nd  Footnote, /or  "  supposed  to  be  a  MacGregor,"  read  "  known  to  be  a  MacGregor." 

,,     44 — ist  \ine, /or  "  page  12,"  read  "page  22." 

,,     47 — 14th  line,  for  "  Militi,"  read  "  milite." 

,,     50 — Footnote,  ist  \ine,/or  "  Glensbrae,"  read  "  Glenstrae." 

,,     85 — 22nd  line, /or  first  word  "for,"  read  "  qr."  {i.e.,  where). 

,,     86— 3rd  line, /or  "  plegins,"  read  "plegius." 

,,      ,,     I2th  line, /br  "subcundum,"  rearf  "subeundum,"  and/or  "  convocationes,"  read  "  con- 

vocationis. " 
, ,     87— 24th  line,  /or  ' '  fuote, "  read  ' '  furti. " 
,,     89 — i2th  line,  "  Claviger,"  should  be  translated  "  Macer." 
))     92 — 3rd  line,  delete  "  Sir"  before  Colin  Campbell  (he  was  not  a  knight). 
I)     94 — S^d  footnote, /or  "  Moreninch,"  read  "  Moreinch." 
»i     99 — S^d  line,  delete  first  word  "  Ave." 
,,  119 — 4th  line  from  foot, /or  "  bann,"  read  "  Lann." 
,,  128 — 2nd  line,  within  brackets, /?r  "  Lan,"  read  "  Ian." 
,,     ,,      17th  line, /or  "  Lagfarme,"  read  "  Lagfarne." 
,,   129 — The  letter  by  the  Queen-Regent  is  a  repetition  (see  page  108). 
,,   174 — loth  line  from  foot,  delete  inverted  commas  be/ore  "  Notwithstanding." 
,,  226 — 14th  line,  page  re/erence  omitted  is  "  171." 

„  255 — Footnote,/or  "  Chapter  IV.,  page  161,"  read  "  Chapter  XX.,  pages  236-7." 
,,  310 — nth  line  from  foot, /or  "  Cruiginche,"  read  "  Craiginche." 

,,  355 — 9th  line  from  foot, /or  "  Wm.  Lord  Tullibardine,"  read  "  William  Lord  Murray." 
I)  373— 3rd  line,  delete  second  footnote. 

*,*  On  page  398,  it  should  be  observed  that  the  signs  "  X  "  and  "  *  "  precede  the 
names  so  distinguished. 


17— Kth  line,  instead  of''''  37,"  read  "35. 
44 — 3rd  line,  insteac^ of  " horn  page  12,"  read  "from  pagejaa. 
50 — ist  line  of  footnbtc^r  "  Glensbrao,"  read  "  Glenstrae.i ' 
[  19 — liine  4  from  last  line,  instead  of  "  bann,"  read  "  Lann. 



the  quotation  mar|<;  preceding  "  Not\Yithstanding 

128 — 2<id  line  within  brackets,  instead  of  "Lan,"  read  "  Ian,"  and  line  l"]  for 

(  rfifl^  "  Lagfirne. 
129 — 1st  line,  insteadof"  priviledge,"  ■kead  "  privilege." 
174 — Line  10,  from  ^oot  of  page  dekte 

his  tyranny. 
226 — Li^e  14  from  tojp  of  page,  the  reference  wanting  at  tl^e  mention  of  Duncan  na  Glen 

I  as  to  page  isl  171.  \ 

255 — Fobtnote,  instead  of  "  Chapter  IV.l  page  161,"  read  "thapter  XX.,  pages  236,  237.' 
311 — Liftes  7  and  5  frW  foot  of  page,y^^  "  Earll,"  read  "  Earl." 
373 — Line  3,  de/ete  2njd  footnote.  \  ! 

398 — In  the  list  of  nalpies  it  should  be  observed  that  the  signs  x  and  *  in  each  case  precede 

names  so 'distinguished. 


THE  following  pages  contain  the  eventful  chronicles  of  a  Highland 
Clan,  not  one  of  the  most  numerous  or  most  powerful,  but  remark- 
able as  occupying  a  distinct  place  in  the  history  of  Scotland.  The  narra- 
tive may  doubtless  be  considered  a  record  of  crime,  sometimes  tragical, 
sometimes  trivial,  yet  a  careful  study  of  the  Race,  of  the  circumstances  and 
of  the  times,  must  forcibly  bring  out  many  claims  for  a  lenient  judgment. 
Early  and  native  inhabitants  of  the  country,  with  pride  of  ancestry  and 
an  indomitable  spirit,  the  MacGregors  in  the  fourteenth  century  found  them- 
selves dispossessed  of  the  lands  whereon  they  dwelt,  by  reason  of  Charters, 
instruments  inexplicable  to  them,  bestowed  upon  others.  From  that 
time  a  sense  of  wrong  and  of  injustice  pervaded  their  minds.  Yet  they 
might  possibly  have  been  content  to  maintain  themselves  on  lands  held 
by  heritable  tacks  from  the  landlords  in  possession,  but  for  two  causes. 
First,  the  natural  increase  in  the  numbers  of  the  Clan,  hemmed  up  in  glens 
and  straths  where  the  means  of  subsistence  were  necessarily  limited. 
Secondly,  the  enmity  of  certain  neighbours  determined  to  dispossess  them. 
In  other  countries  the  turmoils  of  the  sixteenth  and  seventeenth  centuries 
were  equally  violent,  but  the  art  of  war  on  a  larger  scale  afforded  an  outlet 
to  the  belligerent  qualities  of  their  inhabitants,  and  tended  also  to  decrease 
the  population.  The  MacGregors  without  any  other  channel  for  their  energy, 
cramped  in  the  means  of  livelihood,  totally  ignorant,  and  goaded  by  those 
anxious  to  profit  by  their  fall,  lived  by  forays  and  raids.  Many  other 
Highland  Clans  and  many  Lowlanders  did  the  same,  but  most  of  them 
had  more  power  to  make  their  struggles  against  each  other  effective  in 
forcing  support  from  the  Government,  whereas  the  ClanGregor,  through 
the  wiles  of  their  adversaries,  became  the  object  of  the  strongest  persecu- 
tion and  the  most  severe  penal  enactments.  Had  the  opportunity  occurred, 
the  MacGregors,  as  was  proved  later,  would  have  fought  for  their  Sovereign 
with  devoted  loyalty,  but   they  could  not  easily  understand    that  their 


2  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

personal  enemies,  through  misrepresentations,  had  become  armed  with 
the  King's  authority.  The  conflict  of  Glenfruin,  in  which  the  ClanGregor 
gained  a  victory,  eventually  fatal  to  themselves,  against  vastly  superior 
numbers,  was  punished  by  numerous  executions :  the  Name  was  pro- 
scribed, the  men  were  hunted  down  with  bloodhounds,  the  women  branded 
on  the  cheek  with  a  red-hot  iron,  and  yet  the  Clan  clung  to  the  only 
virtues  they  knew,  courage,  endurance  and  fidelity.  Their  unquenchable 
spirit  was  never  broken,  and  when  the  time  of  persecution  was  over, 
they  revived  and  brought  their  noble  qualities  to  a  better  use.  The 
British  Army  has  numbered  many  heroes  from  this  lion-hearted  race. 

The  article  on  MacGregor  in  Sir  Robert  Douglas's  "Baronage,"  published 
in  1798,  was  probably  the  first  accessible  history  of  the  Clan,  with  the 
exception  of  the  short  notice  in  Buchanan  of  Auchmar's  "  History  of 
Scottish  Surnames,"  first  published  in  1723.  Douglas's  "  Memoir  of  the 
MacGregors  and  the  MacAlpins"  was  written  by  the  late  Sir  John  MacGregor 
Murray,  Bart.,  before  he  went  to  India  in  January  1770.^  He  is  styled 
by  the  editor  "  An  ingenious  gentleman  who  hath  been  at  great  pains  in 
collecting  the  materials,  and  with  much  care  and  accuracy  hath  ranged  the 
vouchers  and  put  them  into  their  proper  order."  This  tribute  was  well 
merited,  and  Sir  John's  accuracy  both  in  public  and  private  life  was  after- 
wards well  known  ;  but  modern  researches,  and  facilities  of  access  to  public 
records,  have  thrown  a  different  light  on  some  parts  of  the  narrative, 
whilst  on  the  other  hand  many  circumstances  familiar  to  the  writer  of 
the  account  one  hundred  and  twenty-five  years  ago  have  now  slipped 
beyond  recall. 

In  the  year  1822  the  Rev.  William  MacGregor  Stirling,  at  that  time 
minister  of  the  Port  of  Monteith,  undertook  the  compilation  of  a  history 
of  the  ClanGregor,  for  the  late  Sir  Evan  Murray  MacGregor,  who  himself 
revised  the  MSS.  till  he  went  to  the  West  Indies  as  Governor  of  the 
Leeward    Islands   in    1832.      The  work,  which   had    the   able   assistance 

^  Douglas's  "Baronage"  was  not  published  till  1798,  after  the  death  of  the  author.  Sir  Robert 
Douglas  of  Glenbervie.  A  MS.  note  on  the  margin  of  a  copy  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Sir 
John  MacGregor  Murray's  family  fixes  the  period  when  the  MacGregor  notice  was  written,  viz.,  in  the 
lifetime  of  his  father,  Major  Evan  MacGregor  Murray,  and  uncle,  Duncan  MacGregor  Murray,  the 
Chief  at  that  time  (see  subsequent  history),  who  both  supplied  him  with  materials.  For  the 
correspondence  between  Sir  John  (then  Mr)  Murray  and  Sir  Robert  Douglas,  see  appendix. 

Introduction  3 

and  co-operation  of  the  late  Mr  Donald  Gregory,  was  not  finished  or 
in  a  form  ready  for  publication  at  the  time  of  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling's 
death  in  1833,  but  a  great  portion  of  it  has  been  of  infinite  service 
to  the  present  compilation.  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  had  collected 
an  elaborate  series  of  Excerpts  from  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council 
of  Scotland,  and  other  Records  which  were  afterwards  enlarged,  carried 
forward  and  critically  analysed  by  Mr  Gregory,  and  which  embodied 
every  known  authentic  passage  regarding  the  Clan.  These  were  com- 
prised in  three  large  folio  volumes  entitled  "  The  Chartulary  ^  of  the 
ClanGregor."  It  was  understood  that  this  valuable  collection  was  made 
with  the  view  of  assisting  the  history  of  the  Clan,  which  Sir  Evan  wished 
to  have  published  at  his  expense,  and  several  letters  from  Mr  Gregory 
to  Sir  Evan  allude  to  the  intended  publication,  but  the  death  of  Mr 
Gregory  in  1836,  and  of  Sir  Evan  in  1841,  put  a  stop  to  the  work. 

On  the  death  of  Mr  Gregory  the  lona  Club,  which  had  been  founded 
by  him  in  conjunction  with  Mr  W.  F.  Skene  in  1833,  "to  investigate  and 
illustrate  the  History,  Antiquities  and  early  literature  of  the  Highlands," 
made  an  arrangement  with  his  executors  by  which  the  Club  acquired 
his  collections,  and  amongst  them  the  three  volumes  of  the  so-called 
Chartulary,  together  with  three  companion  volumes  of  pedigrees.  When 
the  lona  Club  was  dissolved  Mr  Skene  deposited  these  collections  in  the 
Library  of  the  Antiquarian  Society,  with  the  stipulation  that  any  papers 
claimed  by  the  families  to  whom  they  related  were  to  be  restored.^ 
Circumstances  delayed  the  following  up  of  a  claim  which  seems  to  have 
been  made  nearly  fifty  years  ago,  but  through  the  courtesy  of  the 
President  and  Council  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  of  Scotland,  with 
the  consent  and  advice  of  the  late  Mr  Skene,  the  six  MS.  books  relating 
to  the  ClanGregor  were  in  March  1890  handed  over  to  Sir  Malcolm 
MacGregor  of  MacGregor,  as  representative  of  his  great  grandfather  Sir 
Evan,  on  whose  daughter  the  privilege  of  giving  to  the  Clan  the  results 
of  former  zealous  Clansmen's  labours  now  devolves. 

In  addition  to  these  most  important   collections,  and  the   materials 

1  This  title  is  adopted  for  reference  throughout  the  present  work,  but  MacGregor  Stirling's 
Collection  cannot  correctly  be  styled  a  chartulary. 
^  Letter  from  late  Dr  W.  F.  Skene  to  Editor. 

4  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

which  are  to  be  found  in  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  MS.,  the  "Black  Book  of 
Taymouth,"  and  the  published  "  Records  of  the  Privy  Council,"  (the  first 
two  volumes  edited  by  Dr  Hill  Burton,  and  the  subsequent  volumes  by 
Dr  Masson),  etc.,  etc.,  the  papers  of  many  of  the  Clan  have  been  placed  in 
the  hands  of  the  compiler.  The  admirably  preserved  traditions  of  the 
Rannoch  MacGregors,  and  their  different  branches,  have  been  supplied  by 
Mr  Alexander  MacGregor,  Crossbill,  Glasgow,  now  in  America,  to  whom 
thanks  for  most  valuable  assistance  are  due  ;  also  to  Mr  Gregor  MacGregor, 
S.S.C,  Edinburgh,  for  much  kind  aid,  including  the  revision  of  the  Gaelic 
portions  of  the  work  ;  to  Dr  W.  D.  Cameron  and  others,  whose  information 
will  be  acknowledged  in  the  course  of  the  work. 

One  of  the  objects  of  the  ClanGregor  Society,  instituted  in  1822,  is — 
"To  publish  ancient  or  interesting  documents  or  articles  on  interesting 
events  connected  with,  and  to  compile  an  authentic  history  of,  the  Clan 
and  of  the  different  families  belonging  to  it."  In  furtherance  of  this 
object,  the  present  work  has  been  undertaken  at  the  request  of  the 
Society,  and  with  the  hope  that  the  facts  and  traditions  here  collected  will 
prove  of  interest  to  the  whole  ClanGregor. 

DVUKELT), /ammry  1897. 


Chapter  I 
Early   Origin 

THE  renowned  ancestor  to  whom  we  look  as  the  Founder  of  our  Race 
was  King  Gregory,  who  reigned  from  878  to  890.  No  documentary- 
evidence  can  be  adduced  to  prove  descent  from  a  source  so  remote ;  and 
allusion  to  it  is  not  made  here  as  to  an  established  historical  fact,  but  be- 
cause the  tradition  has  been  constantly  handed  down  that  Gregory,  of  the 
race  of  Scotland's  early  kings,  was  the  ancestor  of  the  Clan  which  bears 
his  name.^ 

Modern  authorities  on  early  Scottish  History  state  that  Ciricius,  or 
Girig,  or  Girg,  afterwards  known  as  Gregory,  whatever  may  have  been 
his  connection  with  Alpin's  Royal  line,  was  not  King  Alpin's  son. 
According  to  the  most  trustworthy  chronicles,  his  father  was  Dungaile,  or 
Dungallus,  grandfather  of  Run,  King  of  the  Britons  of  Strathclyde,  who 
married  the  daughter  of  Kenneth  M'^Alpin.  After  the  death  of  Aedh,  or 
Heth,  the  last  of  Kenneth's  sons,  Eocha,  son  of  Run,  was  placed  on  the 
throne  of  the  Picts,  and  another  king,  Girig,  was  associated  with  him  as 
his  Governor.  It  is  recorded  that  he  liberated  the  Scottish  Church  from 
various  secular  exactions,  in  gratitude  for  which  good  offices  the  later 
chronicles,  connected  with  the  Religious  Houses,  afterwards  revered  him 
as  Gregory  the  Great,  a  Ruler  of  remarkable  wisdom,  as  well  as  a 
successful  Commander.2 

^  Our  Scottish  Historiographer,  the  late  Dr  Skene,  to  whose  valuable  works  frequent  reference 
must  at  the  outset  be  made,  while  deducing  the  race  from  another  source,  to  be  hereafter  quoted, 
remarks  that  the  ClanGregor,  having  recognised  Gregory  "as  their  eponymous  ancestor,  their 
descent  from  him  is  now  implicitly  believed  in  by  all  the  MacGregors "  ("Celtic  Scotland,"  vol.  iii. 
p.  364).  After  this  record  we  may  surely  preserve  our  belief,  which  is  thus  itself  established  as  a 
matter  of  history  (see  Appendix). 

2  Taken  from  "  Celtic  Scotland  "  /irsi  edition,  vol.  i.  p.  329,  330.  Mention  is  there  made  also  of  a 
"Church  in  the  Mearns  "  with  the  name  of  "  Eglisgirg,"  which  still  preserves  a  memorial  of  Girig. 

6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

It  may  be  frankly  confessed  that,  where  even  the  most  prominent 
historical  characters  are  involved  in  considerable  uncertainty,  it  must  be 
impossible  to  trace  the  lineage  of  the  Clan  through  the  tenth,  eleventh, 
and  twelfth  centuries  with  any  certainty.  Such  an  attempt  was  indeed 
made  in  a  "  Latin  History  of  the  Alpinian  Family,  formerly  in  the  Scots 
College  at  Paris,  and  recovered  from  it  by  David  Mallet "  the  Poet,  who 
died  in  1765.  It  is  exceedingly  unlikely  that  the  date  of  this  history,  now 
undiscoverable,  can  have  been  earlier  than  the  seventeenth  century,  before 
which  time,  the  History  by  Hector  Boece  (1570)  had  given  rise  to  much 
spurious  tradition  ;  but  it  is  probable  that  there  may  have  been  threads 
of  truth  woven  into  the  more  elaborate  narrative.  It  may  be  interesting 
to  give  a  list  of  the  generations,  as  enumerated  in  the  article  on  MacGregor, 
in  Sir  Robert  Douglas's  "  Baronage,"  based,  in  the  early  part,  on  this  Latin 
document,  of  which  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray  possessed  an  authentic 
copy,  although  no  trace  of  either  the  original  or  the  copy  can  now  be  found.^ 

Two  very  old  MacGregor  pedigrees  have  been  brought  to  light  since 
Douglas's  "Baronage"  was  written  ;  one  occurs  in  an  ancient  Gaelic  parch- 
ment MS.,  dated  1467,'^  which  contains  genealogies  of  most  of  the  Highland 
Clans.  In  this  document,  the  ClanGregor  is  deduced  from  Fearchar  Fada, 
King  of  Dalriada,  of  the  Lome  line,  who  reigned  in  the  early  part  of  the 
eighth  century,  through  a  certain  Anrias  connected  with  the  Earldom  of 
Ross.  This  pedigree  has  been  printed  in  full  in  the  "  Collectanea  de  Rebus 
Albanicis,"  and  again  in  "  Celtic  Scotland,"  vol.  iii.  From  these  works  it 
is  here  transcribed  in  Gaelic  and  in  English. 

"  Genelach  Clann  Grigair.  Maelcolaim  ic  Padruic  M'^Eoin  ic  Grigair  ic  Donch 
M'^Maolcolaim  ic  Gillacrist  M'^Fearchar  ic  Muiredaig  ic  Ainreas  M'^Cormac  ic 
Oirbertaig  ic  Fearchair  M'^Fearchair  fada  ic  Fearadaig  fin : — 

1  Mr  Donald  Gregory  in  1825  states  that  the  copy  was  unfortunately  missing.  (Chartulary.)  One 
reason  for  here  reproducing  the  greater  part  of  the  article  in  Douglas's  "  Baronage  "  is,  that  as  it  has 
served  as  a  basis  for  small  sketches  of  the  Clan  history,  readers  may  have  an  opportunity  of  compar- 
ing it  with  other  studies  on  the  subject,  and  observe  how  far  its  views  have  now  to  be  modified. 

2  Discovered  by  Dr  Skene  among  the  MSS.  in  the  Collection  of  the  Faculty  of  Advocates,  and 
considered  to  have  been  written  by  a  AFLachlan,  1450.  (See  Skene's  "  Highlanders,"  vol.  ii.  p.  8.) 
Reference  is  made  to  the  MS.  having  been  printed  in  the  "  Collectanea  de  Rebus  Albanicis,"  edited 
by  the  lona  Club,  first  number.  The  genealogies  from  this  MS.  are  also  to  be  found  in  "  Celtic 
Scotland,"  vol.  iii.,  Appendix,  p.  487. 

Early  Pedigrees 

Malcolm,  son  of 

Patrick,  son  of 

John,  son  of 

Gregor,  son  of 

Duncan,  son  of 

Malcolm,  son  of 

Gillchrist,  son  of 

Ferchard,  son  of 

Murdoch,  son  of 

Annreas,  son  of 

Cormac,  son  of 

Airbertach,  son  of 

Ferchar  og,  son  of 

Ferchar  fada,  son  of  [A  King  of  Dalriada  of  the  line  of  Lorn, 

early  part  of  eighth  century,] 
Feradach  finn," 

Dr  Skene  holds  that,  previous  to  the  eleventh  century,  this  document  is  of 
no  authority.  His  own  theory  is  that,  "previous  to  the  thirteenth  century, 
the  Highlanders  of  Scotland  were  divided  into  a  few  great  tribes,  which 
exactly  corresponded  with  the  ancient  earldoms,  and  that,  from  one  or 
other  of  these  tribes,  all  the  Highlanders  are  descended  "  ("  Highlanders 
of  Scotland,"  vol.  ii.). 

The  other  ancient  pedigree  is  to  be  found  in  a  MS.  Latin  Chronicle, 
chiefly  an  obituary,^  composed  by  Sir  James  MacGregor,  Dean  of  Lismore,^ 
in  the  sixteenth  century,  and  containing  a  genealogy  of  John  MacGregor  of 
Glenstray,  dated  15 12.  With  regard  to  this  list  of  ancestors  (to  be  given 
later  in  detail),  Dr  Skene  remarks  : — 

"  Besides  the  genealogy  of  this  Clan  contained  in  the  Irish  MS.,  Dean 
MacGregor  furnishes  us  with  one  which  may  probably  be  viewed  as  the  native 
tradition.  In  it  Gregor,  the  eponymus  of  the  Clan,  has  a  different  ancestry,  and 
his  pedigree  is  taken  up  to  a  certain  Aoidh  Urchaidh,  or  Hugh  of  Glenurchay, 
which,  as  Glenurchay  was  an  old  possession  of  the  MacGregors,  may  be  viewed  as 
the  native  tradition  and  more  probable  descent.  The  usual  calculation  would 
place  him  in  the  end  of  the  twelfth  century,  but  the  Dean  connects  him  at  once 

^  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray  was  acquainted  with  this  obituary. — Ed. 

2  Communicated  to   the   Society  of  Antiquaries  of  Scotland  by  Donald    Gregory,   Honorary 
Secretary  of  the  Society,  January  1831,  and  printed  in  vol.  iii.  of  the  "  Archreologia  Scotica." 

8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

with  Kenneth  M'^Alpin  in  the  ninth  century/  and  thus  the  supposed  royal  descent 
of  the  MacGregors  must  be  relegated  to  the  same  category  with  the  descent  of  the 
other  Clans  from  the  Kings  of  Dalriada."^ 

"  To  the  great  tribe  of  the  Moravians,  or  '  Men  of  Moray,'  belong,  in  the 
main,  the  clans  brought  in  the  old  Irish  genealogies  from  the  Kings  of  Dalriada 

of  the  tribe  of  Lorn,  among  whom  the  old  Mormaers  of  Moray  appear 

The  group  containing  the  M'^Nabs,  ClanGregor,  and  M'^Kinnons,  appear  to  have 
emerged  from  Glendochart,  at  least  to  be  connected  with  the  old  Columban 
monasteries.  The  Clans,  properly  so  called,  were  thus  of  native  origin ;  the  sur- 
names partly  of  native  and  partly  of  foreign  descent."  ^ 

It  would  seem  unavailing  to  discuss  at  further  length  the  question  of 
the  origin  of  the  clan,  always  reckoned  in  the  past  as  the  "  Siol  Alpin  " — 
the  old  motto,  " 'S  RIOGHAIL  MO  DHREAM,"  "My  tribe  is  royal," 
will  suffice  as  a  memorial  of  our  traditions.  We  may  now  pass  on  to  a 
period  when  the  family  history  begins  to  be  more  distinct.* 

At  the  outset  it  may  be  desirable  to  recall  circumstances  which, 
although  well  known,  require  to  be  borne  in  mind,  rightly  to  comprehend 
the  subsequent  position  of  the  ClanGregor,  their  difficulties  and  struggles. 

Amongst  the  continental  nations  there  arose,  in  the  early  Christian 
centuries,  the  institution  of  feudalism.  To  protect  themselves  against 
hostile  armies  of  foreigners,  or  against  assaults  by  enemies  of  their  own 
nation,  the  principal  men  turned  their  houses  into  fortified  castles,  and 
agreed  with  the  peasants  to  protect  them  and  their  families  on  condition 
of  their  surrendering  themselves  entirely  to  their  liege  lord  or  suzerain. 
The  sovereign  gave  land  to  his  nobles  on  condition  of  military  service  to 
himself,  with  a  certain  number  of  their  men ;  the  nobles  adopted  some 
of  their  less  powerful  neighbours,  and  gave  off  portions  of  land  to  them 
on  similar  conditions,  thus  establishing  a  system  of  mutual  advantage 

^  "  It  is  obvious  that  a  number  of  generations  are  omitted,  not  even  excepting  the  ancestor  who 
gave  his  name  to  the  Clan." — Note  to  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  MS.,  by  Mr  Gregory. 

*  Celtic  Scotland,  first  edition,  vol.  iii.  p.  362,  363. 

^  Ibid.,  p.  365.  In  the  "Highlanders  of  Scotland,"  vol.  ii.  pp.  4,  5,  Dr  Skene  seeks  to  de- 
monstrate that  the  modern  Highlanders  are  the  same  people  with  those  who  inhabited  the  High- 
lands of  .Scotland  in  the  ninth  or  tenth  centuries,  the  descendants  of  the  great  northern  division  of 
the  Pictish  nation,  unaffected  by  the  Scottish  conquest  of  the  Lowlands  in  843. 

*  The  hereditary  belief  in  royal  ancestry,  and  in  an  inheritance  of  the  highest  courage  and  truth, 
is  shown  in  the  poems  from  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  book,  quoted  chapter  vii. 

On  the  Feudal  and  the  Clan  Systems     9 

between  the  lord  who  granted  protection,  the  vassals  who  gave  their 
military  service  in  return,  and  lastly  the  peasants  who  received  protection 
and  entirely  gave  up  their  freedom  to  obtain  it. 

Amidst  the  pressing  necessities  of  the  age  which  gave  rise  to  it,  the 
institution  undoubtedly  had  its  value,  till  the  nations  outgrew  it.  The 
feudal  laws  were  brought  to  England  by  the  Saxons  about  A.D.  600,  and 
were  made  more  stringent  under  the  Norman  William  the  Conqueror, 
in  1068.  The  system  was  introduced  into  Scotland  by  Malcolm  II.  in 
1008,  but  it  took  a  long  time  before  it  could  absorb  the  tribal  organisation 
then  prevalent.  Certain  burdens  on  land  proper  to  the  old  Celtic  tenures 
gradually  became  assimilated  to  feudal  forms  in  the  eastern  districts, 
whilst  in  the  northern  and  western  the  great  tribes  broke  up  into  clans 
about  the  thirteenth  century.^ 

The  Clan,  a  Gaelic  word  meaning  children,  consisted  originally  of  the 
children  of  a  common  ancestor,  bound  together  by  the  ties  of  blood,  loyal 
to  the  Chief  of  their  race,  and  sharing  his  good  or  bad  fortune.  Personal 
attachment  united  each  to  the  other  in  this  family  system,  which  in 
different  degrees  has  subsisted  in  most  primitive  nations,  such  as  the 
Israelites,  and  even  in  the  present  day  amongst  the  Arabs.  In  the  High- 
lands the  chiefship  was  generally  hereditary  and  belonged  to  the  repre- 
sentative of  the  main  stem,  but  to  this  there  were  frequent  exceptions. 
The  next  cadet  often  became  the  captain,  and  transmitted  that  honour 
to  his  descendants.  Occasionally  in  cases  where  the  actual  chief  was 
prevented  from  taking  an  active  part  in  warfare,  the  clan  chose  a  leader 
on  elective  principles.  The  chieftains  or  heads  of  the  different  houses 
which  had  branched  off  from  the  main  stem  were  also  powerful,  and 
exerted  great  influence  over  the  chiefs  ;  moreover,  every  clansman  had 
his  birthright  of  kindred  blood,  which  gave  him  dignity  and  enthusiasm, 
so  that  it  is  incorrect  in  any  way  to  liken  members  of  a  clan  to  the  serfs 
of  the  feudal  system.  Doubtless  there  must  have  been  cases  of  abuse  and 
hardship,  and  the  two  systems  running  parallel,  where  they  did  not  clash, 
sometimes  overlapped.     The  feudal  superiors,  in  some  circumstances,  won 

^  For  details  as  to  the  breaking  up  of  the  old  earldoms  and  tribes,  see  "  Celtic  Scotland,"  vol.  iii. 
p.  287. 


lo  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

the  affections  of  the  occupants  of  their  lands,  and  were  accepted  in  the 
same  position  as  chiefs  of  race  ;  but  this  was  the  exception. 

The  struggle  between  the  Gaelic  population  of  the  Highlands  clinging 
to  the  old  clan  system  on  the  one  side,  and  the  feudal  overlords,  who, 
having  obtained  crown  charters  of  the  lands,  occupied  by  the  native  races, 
sought  to  dispossess  them,  was  a  long  source  of  trouble  and  dispeace, 
and  the  MacGregors,  especially,  were  for  centuries  irreconcilable  to  the 

It  may  be  observed  that  neither  at  the  period  under  present  considera- 
tion, nor  for  some  time  later,  does  the  name  of  MacGregor,  so  passionately 
loved  and  so  powerful  a  talisman  in  the  future,  appear  to  have  existed 
as  a  surname,  although  individuals  ^  of  the  race  can  be  traced.  There  must 
early  have  been  numerous  descendants  of  the  same  ancestor,  allied  in  blood 
and  interests,  for  by  the  fifteenth  century  they  had  become  a  very  large 
clan.  The  custom  of  distinguishing  different  families  of  the  same  clan  by 
their  patronymics — i.e.,  as  the  son  of  so-and-so — also  of  giving  a  "  byname," 
or  "to-name,"  to  individuals,  prevailed  amongst  Highlanders  in.  very  early 
days,  and  continued  long  after  surnames  became  general  in  other  places. 

The  following  is  taken  from  a  sympathetic  article  on  the  ClanGregor, 
published  by  Dr  Joseph  Anderson  in  1890  : — ^ 

"  There  are  some  minor  episodes  in  Scottish  history  that  illustrate  with  singular 
force  the  native  intensity  of  character  and  fervour  of  attachment  to  traditional 
systems,  which  so  often  made  the  nation's  progress  towards  the  universal  reign  of 
law  a  bloodstained  path.  The  case  of  the  ClanGregor  is  perhaps  the  most  typical 
of  these  episodes,  which  marked  the  transition  from  the  old  Celtic  system  of  the 
military  organisation  of  the  clans  under  the  chiefs  of  their  name  to  the  territorial 
system,  by  which  the  men  of  the  tribes  became  the  men  of  their  feudal  landlords. 
But  though  its  tragic  and  romantic  elements  have  often  been  dealt  with,  the  true 
story  of  the  doings  and  sufferings  of  the  devoted  clan  has  yet  to  be  dug  from  the 
dry-as-dust  sources  of  historic  narrative  in  contemporary  records,  and  the  purpose 
of  this  paper  is  merely  to  show  that  the  records  contain  material  for  such  a 

"  There  is  no  indication  of  the  reason  why  the  numbers  of  the  clan  when  they 

^  In  1260  Gilcolm  Makgrigir,  probably  a  churchman,  is  mentioned  in  the  proceedings  of  a 
court  held  by  the  Prior  of  St  Andrews  at  Dull,  in  Atholl.  Quoted  from  "Transcript  of  Chartulary 
of  St  Andrews,"  Advocates'  Library,  by  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling. 

^  Published  in  the  Scottish  Review,  October  1890. 

Wide  Area  in  which  the  Clan  were  Located    1 1 

first  appear  in  record  are  found  scattered  over  such  a  wide  area  of  the  Perthshire 
and  Argyleshire  Highlands,  unless  it  be  simply  that  they  had  spread  over  the 
adjacent  lands  and  baronies  as  best  they  could,  in  consequence  of  their  chiefs 
holding  no  land  of  the  Crown.  We  find  them  located  in  Glenurchy  and  Glenlochy, 
Strathfillan  and  Glendochart,  Breadalbane  and  Balquidder,  Glenlyon  and  Rannoch. 
Although  by  the  immemorial  custom  of  the  Highlands,  to  which  they  most 
tenaciously  clung,  they  owed  military  service  to  the  chief  of  their  own  name  only, 
he  was  not  at  any  time  within  the  ken  of  record  in  a  position  either  to  provide 
them  with  homesteads  or  protect  them  in  their  possessions.  While  the  lands  on 
which  they  had  settled  remained  in  the  Crown  they  might  be  safe  from  eviction, 
but  when  the  lands  came  to  be  granted  out  to  local  barons,  the  grantees  naturally 
desired  to  settle  their  new  estates  with  their  own  men,  on  whom  they  could  depend 
for  thankful  service  and  punctual  payment  of  rents.  The  MacGregors,  on  the 
other  hand,  in  all  such  cases  immediately  found  themselves  in  the  position  of 
occupants  of  the  lands  of  owners  to  whom  they  were  unacceptable  as  tenants,  and 
who  desired  nothing  better  than  to  be  rid  of  them  at  any  price.  The  inevitable 
consequences  followed — eviction,  resistance,  and  retaliation.  The  evicted  tenants 
sought  shelter  among  their  kinsmen  who  still  possessed  lands,  as  sub-tenants  or 
squatters ;  or  they  became  "  broken  men,"  and  betook  themselves  to  the  hills  to 
Hve  on  the  plunder  of  the  lands  from  which  they  had  been  ejected." 

Referring  to  the  Act  passed  in  1488 

"For  the  stanching  of  theft  and  other  enormities  in  the  Highlands,"  Dr 
Anderson  adds,  "  this  was  the  first  of  a  long  series  of  similar  enactments  by  which 
the  MacGregors  were  placed  entirely  at  the  mercy  of  their  natural  enemies." 


Chapter    II 

Early    Ancestry 

EXCERPTS  from  the  "  Baronage  of  Scotland,"  by  Sir  Robert  Douglas 
of  Glenbervle,  Baronet,  Edinburgh,  1798  : — 

"  I.  Gregor  ^  (third  son  of  King  Alpin)  was  brother  to  Kenneth,  Donald,  and 
Achaius  MacAlpin  ;  the  two  former  of  whom  reigned  successively,  inter  annos  834 
et  859. 

"  II.  Dongallus  or  Doun-gheal,^  so  called  from  his  light  brown  complexion. 
Martin  (who,  by  mistake,  says  he  was  son  to  Gregory  the  Great,^  though  all 
historians  are  agreed  that  that  monarch  never  had  any  issue),  relates  of  this  Doun- 
gheal,  'that  he  behaved  most  gallantly  in  the  wars  which  King  Gregory  had  in 
Ireland.'^  'He  married'  (says  the  same  learned  antiquarian)  'Spontana,  sister 
to  Duncan,  a  king  in  Ireland,  and  their  posterity  got  the  name  of  MacGregor,  all  of 
them  in  this  kingdom  being  descended  from  him.'  ^  He  died  about  900,  leaving 
two  sons — 

1.  Constantine. 

2.  Findanus,  of  whom  the  MacFindons,  MacFingons,  or  MacKinnons   are 

"  III.  Constantine  married  his  cousin  Malvina,  daughter  to  King  Donald  VI.'' 
"  IV.  '  Gregor  na  Bratich '  (Bratach),  '  Gregor  of  the  Standard,'  so  called  from 
his  office  of  standard-bearer  to  his  uncle.  King  Malcolm  I.,  son  of  Donald  VI. 

^  See  introduction,  page  I,  as  to  article  on  MacGregor.  Many  observations  therein  not  required 
for  the  genealogy  are  omitted  in  present  work. — Ed. 

"  This  name,  believed  to  be  that  of  Gregory's  father  rather  than  of  his  son,  shows  due  search 
had  been  made  in  the  ancient  chronicles. — Ed. 

3  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  derives  the  family  from  King  Gregory,  whose  historical  existence 
is  acknowledged  (see  page  i),  whilst  no  Prince  Gregor,  brother  of  Kenneth,  can  be  traced.  He 
disputes  the  assertion  that  King  Gregory  did  not  marry,  as  the  wives  of  the  kings  were  frequently 
not  mentioned,  unless  with  reference  to  dynastic  connections. — Ed. 

*  Martin's  collection. — Douglas'  Baronage. 

=  "  Genealogical  Collections  in  a  Tree  of  the  Family  of  Glenurchay  or  Breadalbane.  Title, 
MacGregor,  vol.  ii.,  page  22." — Macgregor  Stirling. 

^  History  of  the  Alpinian  family  in  Latin,  recovered  from  the  Scottish  College  at  Paris  by  David 
Mallet,  Esq.     Authentic  extract,  penes  Evan  Murray,  Esq. — Douglas'  Baronage. 

961-1113]  Early  Ancestry  13 

He  married  '  Dorviegeldum  ^  filiam  hostiarii,'  ^  and  was  killed  in  battle  with  the 
Danes,  961,  with  King  Malcolm,  leaving  two  sons — 

1.  Eoin  or  John. 

2.  Galium  nam  feidh,  or  '  Malcolm  of  the  Deers,'  keeper  of  the  royal  forests 

of  Corrygeig.^ 

"  V.  Joannes,  vocatus  Eoin  Mor  MacGregor  na  Bratich  (of  the  Standard),  who 
married  Alpina,  daughter  of  Angus,  or  Eneas,  great-grandson  of  Achaius,  brother 
of  Kenneth  the  Great.  Eoin  Mor  is  said  to  have  been  '  a  comely  man  of  great 
stature,*  and  an  excellent  bowman.'  He  fought  under  King  Malcolm  H.  against 
Grimus,  or  Gruamach,  so  called  from  his  surly  looks,  and  was  killed  in  battle, 
circiter  annum  1004,  leaving  a  son. 

"  VI.  Gregor  Garbh,  or  the  Stout,  designated  of  Glenurchay,  a  man  of  martial 
spirit  and  great  renown  in  Malcolm's  time.  He  also  fought  under  King  Duncan  I. 
against  the  Normans  and  Danes,  inter  1035  and  1040,  and  promoted  the  restoration 
of  his  son,  Malcolm  III.  He  married  a  daughter  ^  of  the  ancient  house  of 
Lochow,^  by  whom  he  had  two  sons — 

1.  Sir  John. 

2.  Gregorious,    or   Gregor,   bred    to   the   church,    'obiit   electus   episcopus 

St  Andria.' 
"VII.  Sir  John  MacGregor,  Lord  of  Glenurchy,  a  person  of  very  good  account 
in  the  reign  of  King  Malcolm  III.,'"  inter  105  7-1 093,  and  because  of  his  warlike 
achievements,  was  called  '  Shir  Ian  borb  an  Cath,'  '  Sir  John  forward  in  battle.' 
He  married  an  English  Lady  of  great  beauty,  who  came  to  Scotland  in  the 
retinue  of  Princess,  afterwards  Queen  Margaret.  He  died  circa  11 13,  leaving 
two  sons — 

1.  Malcolm  who  succeeded  him. 

2.  Gregor  or  Gregory,  who  having  been  bred  to  the  Church  travelled  to 

foreign  parts  for  improvement,  from  whence  having  returned,  he  became 

^  History  of  the  Alpinian  family  in  Latin,  recovered  from  the  Scottish  College  at  Paris  by  Daidd 
Mallet,  Esq.     Authentic  Extract,  penes  Evan  Murray,  Esq. — Doug.  Bar. 

^  Professor  Gregory  writes  this  "  The  King's  Hostarius  "  or  "Doorward." 

3  Mamlorn  called  (in  Gaelic)  "The  Glen  of  the  Mist,"  "  Corri-cheathich." — Doug.  Bar. 

*  The  Latin  History  and  Songs  of  the  Bards. — Doug.  Bar. 

^  Buchanan's  "  History  of  the  Clans." — Doug.  Bar. 

®  "I  find  in  the  genealogical  account  of  the  surname  of  Campbell  that  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of 
Lochow,  who  had  divers  great  offices  from  King  Malcolm  H.,  had  a  daughter  married  to 
M'^Gregor,  Laird  of  Glenurchay ;  of  this  marriage  was  Sir  John,  a  person  of  very  good  account  in 
the  reign  of  King  Malcolm  HL"  (Buchanan).  The  Chartulary  has  the  following  entry: — "He 
(Gregor  Garbh)  married  a  danghter  of  '  Paul  na  Sporan '  or  '  Paul  of  the  Purse,'  treasurer  to  King 
Malcolm  H.,  and  whose  female  descendant  carried  the  estate  of  Lochow,  by  marriage,  into  the 
family  of  Campbell,  now  Argyle."  (Comparison  of  Buchanan  with  genealogical  table  prefixed  to 
Campbell  of  Kirnane's  life  of  John,  Duke  of  Argyle  and  Greenwich.) — Macgregor  Stirling. 

'  Buchanan  and  said  heroic  Poems. — Doug.  Bar. 

14  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1127-1169 

Abbot  of  the  Monastery  of  Dunkeld.^  Being  a  person  of  great  piety  and 
learning,  and  because  of  his  father  and  grandfather's  services  to  King 
Malcolm,  St  David  the  King  changed  that  monastery  into  a  Cathedral 
Church,  anno  1 127,  and  promoted  the  Abbe  or  Abbot  Gregory  to  the  new 
see,  of  which  the  Bishop  obtained  an  ample  ratification  from  Pope  Alex- 
ander III.  as  well  as  an  apostolical  protection  -  to  himself.  He  is  witness 
to  several  Charters  in  the  reign  of  King  David  and  of  Malcolm  IV.  From 
him  the  M'^Nabs  or  the  '  Sons  of  the  Abbot '  are  undoubtedly  descended. 
He  lived  to  be  the  oldest  Bishop  of  his  time,  and  died  circiter  1169." 

The  notice  of  Bishop  Gregory,  to  which  reference  is  made,  is  thus 
given  by  Myln,  who  was  a  Canon  of  Dunkeld  in  the  sixteenth  century. 
The  work  is  a  Latin  MS.  of  which  there  are  several  translations  : — 

"Gregory,  who  was  at  that  time  Prior  of  the  Convent,  and  afterwards  a  Privy 
Counsellor,  was  the  first  Bishop.  It  was  by  his  interest  that  the  lands  of 
Auchtertoul  and  thirty  prebends  were  granted  to  the  Bishop  and  Chapter  of 
Dunkeld,  as  is  contained  in  King  David's  Charter;  Gregory  procured  in  the 
strictest  form,  from  Pope  Alexander  III.,  a  protection  for  himself  and  his  Church, 
in  which  writing  all  the  possessions  are  reckoned  which  they  held  at  that  time. 
He  sat  in  this  see  forty-two  years,  and  died  in  the  year  1169,  which  was  the  third 
year  of  the  reign  of  King  William." 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  Gregory,  Abbot  of  Glendochart  (where  from  early  in  the  eighth  century  there 
had  been  a  house  of  Culdees),  next  Abbot  of  Dunkeld,  and  on  the  erection  of 
Dunkeld  into  an  Episcopal  see,  the  Bishop  is  said  to  have  been  a  younger  son 
of  Sir  John  MacGregor  of  Glenurchay,  and  to  have  been  the  progenitor  of  the 
MacNabs,  whose  surname  signifies  'Son  of  the  Abbot,' ^  'the  pale  Abbot, 
MacGregor's  son  from  Stronuidhme '  (a  place  in  Glenfalloch  where  he  resided  at 

1  Dicta  historia,  Keith's  Bishops.     Cart.  Scone,  Dalrumple's  Collection.— Doug.  Bar. 

2  Mill's  MS.  (Lives  of  the  Bishops  of  Dunkeld).— Doug.  Bar. 

3  A  note  by  MacGregor  Stirling  explains  that  Abbots  in  the  time  of  the  Culdees  were  allowed 
to  marry  ;  which,  however,  according  to  Myln,  must  have  been  altered  directly  afterwards,  as  he 
states  that  the  "  good  King  David  changed  Dunkeld  into  a  Convent  of  Seculars,  at  the  same  time 
he  got  appointed  a  Bishop  and  Canons,  about  1127."  Dr  Skene's  investigations  alter  the  date, 
places,  and  persons.  "  Mylne  is  however  wrong,  both  in  the  date  and  in  the  name  of  the 
Founder"  ("Celtic  Scotland,"  vol.  ii.  page  370).  Alexander  III.  created,  1107,  two  additional 
Bishoprics  for  the  more  remote  and  Celtic  portion  of  his  Kingdom,  the  first  was  that  of  Moray,  to 
which  he  appointed  a  Bishop  named  Gregorius ;  and  the  second  was  that  of  Dunkeld,  which  he 
revived  in  the  person  of  Cormac."  Note,  "  They  are  first  mentioned  by  name  when  they  confirm 
the  charter  of  erection  of  Scone,  1 1 15,"  ibid.^  page  368. 

Origin  of  Family  Arms  15 

no  great  distance  from  St  Phillans  Church),  is  still  proverbial  in  the  Highlands  " 
("Baronage,"  Keith's  Catalogue  of  the  Scottish  Bishops,  etc.). 

The  following  passages  from  Celtic  Scotland  by  Mr  Skene  are  here 
quoted  to  shew  the  conclusions  to  which  he  has  arrived  on  the  subject  of 
the  MacNabs  :— 

"The  name  of  MacNab  certainly  means  the  son  of  the  Abbot.  In  the  seventh 
century  St  Fillan  founded  a  monastery  in  Glendochart  the  upper  part  of  which 
took  its  name  of  Strathfillan  from  him,  and  in  the  reign  of  King  William  we  find 
the  Abbot  of  Glendochart  ranking  along  with  the  Earls  of  Atholl  and  Menteith. 
As  the  property  possessed  by  the  MacNabs  lay  in  Glendochart,  and  we  find  the 
name  of  Gillefaelan,  or  servant  of  St  Fillan,  occuring  in  their  oldest  genealogy, 
we  may  certainly  recognise  in  them  the  descendants  of  the  lay  Abbots  of 

Mr  Skene  goes  on  to  say  that  as  the  son  of  Aoidh  Urchayidh  or 
Hugh  of  Glenurchay  bore  the  name  of  Gillafaelan  or  servant  of  St  Fillan, 
and  as  the  MacGregors  also  possessed  property  in  Glendochart,  they  were 
probably  connected  with  the  MacNabs. 

"VIII.  Sir  Malcolm  MacGregor  of  Glenurchy,  eldest  son  of  Sir  John,  was  a 
man  of  reputation  and  authority  in  St  David's  time.  He  married  Marijoriam, 
junioriem  filiam  Willielmi  hostiarii,  domini  rigis  nepotis.  '  Marjory,  youngest 
daughter  of  William,^  Chief  of  the  Army  and  nephew  of  our  Lord  the  King.' 

"  Sir  Malcolm  was  a  man  of  incredible  strength  of  body.  Being  of  the  King's 
retinue  at  a  certain  hunting  party,  in  a  forest,  his  Majesty  having  attacked  a  wild 
boar,  or  some  other  animal  of  prey,  was  like  to  be  worsted,  and  in  great  danger  of 
his  life,  when  Sir  Malcolm  coming  up,  demanded  his  Majesty's  permission  to 
encounter  it,  the  King  having  hastily  answered,  '  In,'  or  '  e'en  do,  bait  spair 
nocht,'  Sir  Malcolm  is  said  to  have  torn  up  a  young  oak  by  the  root,  and  throw- 
ing himself  between  his  Majesty  and  the  fierce  assailant,  with  the  oak  in  one  hand, 
kept  the  animal  at  bay  till  with  the  other  he  got  an  opportunity  of  running  it 
through  the  heart.  In  honour  whereof  his  Majesty  was  pleased  to  raise  him  to  the 
peerage  by  the  title  of  Lord  MacGregor,  to  him  ^  et  hxredibus  masculis'' ;  and  in 
order  to  perpetuate  the  remembrance  of  the  brave  action,  gave  him  an  oak  tree 
eradicate,  in  place  of  the  fir-tree  which  the  family  had  formerly  carried.  We  have 
his  arms  blazoned  by  an  ancient  herald  ^  in  these  words  :  '  Lord  MacGregor  of  old. 

^  The  lady's  father,  as  appears,  was  William,  Earl  of  Murrayse,  son  of  King  Duncan  II. 
Chronicon  Cumbrae. — Chartulary. 

2  Workman's  MS.,  blazoned,  p.  37,  illuminated,  p.  249,  penes  Mr  Gumming,  Herald  printer  in 
Edinburgh. — Doug.  Bar. 

1 6  Histoty  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Argent,  a  sword  in  bend  azure  and  an  oak  tree  eradicate,  in  bend  sinister /r^/er; 
in  chief  a  crown  gules.  Crest,  a  lyon's  head  crowned  with  an  antique  crown,  with 
points. — Motto  :  In  do,  bait  spair  nocht.  Supporters,  on  the  dexter  an  unicorn 
argent  crowned,  horned  or,  and  on  the  sinister  a  dttr  proper  tyn'd  azure.^^ 

"  Sir  Malcolm  -  was  called  '  Moref  hir  Galium  nan  Caistel,'  '  Lord  of  the  Castles,' 
because  of  the  several  castles  which  he  built ;  as  those  of  Caol-Charn  (now 
Kilchurn),  beautifully  situated  at  the  north-east  end  of  Lochow,  and  that  of 
Finlarig,  and  the  chapel  which  last  was  consecrated  to  the  Blessed  Virgin,  and  the 
old  Castle  of  Taymouth,  at  least  to  have  had  their  residence  there  and  to  have 
built  Castle  Coal  Churin." 

The  "  Chartulary "  has  the  following  remarks  regarding  this  Sir 
Malcolm,  styled  in  Gaelic  "  Morair  "  (Lord) : — 

"  He  is  asserted  to  have  saved  the  life  of  the  Sovereign,  who  must  have  been 
either  Alexander  L,  or  David  L  or  Malcolm  IV.,  in  the  act  of  hunting,  and  when 
attacked  by  the  wild  boar,  and  to  have  then  obtained  in  reward  for  his  service  that 
armorial  bearing  which,  being  emblematical  of  the  exploit,  forms,  amid  the  wreck 
of  written  documents,  one  of  the  muniments  of  the  Family. 

With  regard  to  the  Arms  the  late  Mr  Donald  Gregory  sent  to  Sir 
Evan  MacGregor  a  certified  paper,  signed  by  himself  and  his  brother,  John 
Gregory,  Advocate,  after  a  search  made  in  the  British  Museum  (9th  June 
1825),  of  which  the  following  is  a  slightly  abridged  transcript: — 

"The  MS.  No.  1371  of  the  Harleian  Collection,^  in  the  British  Museum,  said  to 
have  been  written  and  painted  by  Scotch,  but  bearing  internal  evidence  of  having 
been  done  by  English  hands,  is  titled  '  Scotica  Nobilitas,  1589.'    The  MS.  contains  : 

1.  The  Atchievements  of  King  James  VI.,  fo.  i. 

2.  The  Atchievements  of  the  Earls  of  Scotland,  twenty -four  in  number,  fo. 

2  to  25. 

3.  The  Atchievements  of  the  Barons,  forty  in  number,  fo.  26  to  67. 

4.  The  Shires  of  Scotland. 

5.  The  Stewartries  of  Scotland,  &c.,  &c. 

10.  Elenchus  Baronum,  of  which  the  following  is  a  copy." 

^  This  blazon  was  copied  by  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray,  before  1 710.  The  book  was,  about 
that  time,  exposed  for  sale,  "  with  the  late  Mr  Goodall's  effects,"  and  others  believed  to  have 
belonged  to  the  family  of  the  former  librarian  of  the  Advocate's  Library. 

^  In  the  poem  by  Duncan  MacDougall  Maoil,  in  the  Book  of  Lesmore,  reference  is  made  to 
"  Malcolm  who  his  wealth  ne'er  hid,"  and  in  another  poem  to  "  Malcolm  of  unbending  truth," — 
see  chapter  ix.,  but  his  ancestry  differs  from  that  given  in  the  "  Baronage." 

*  This  MS.,  and  the  coloured  sketch  of  arms,  has  been  verifiedby  Sir  Malcolm  MacGregor  of 
MacGregor,  at  the  British  Museum,  Feb.  1897. 

Origin  of  Family  Arms  17 

In  this  list  of  forty,  unnecessary  to  be  given  here,  MacGregoyre  is 
placed  thirty-eighth,  not  preceded,  like  all  the  others  with  one  exception, 
by  the  letter  L  for  Lord,  thus — 

Harleian  MS.  continued — 

"  37.  MacGregoyre. 

39.  MacCloyd  Heris. 

40.  L.  of  Lome." 

"  The  Atchievement  of  Macgregoyre  as  painted  fo.  64  is  Argent  a  Pine  Tree 
eradicate  in  bend  sinister  proper,  surmounted  of  a  sword  in  bend  azure,  hilted 
gules :  in  Chief  an  antique  crown  with  points  of  the  last ;  Crest  a  lyon's  head 
erased  proper,  langued  gules  and  crowned  or.  Supporters  on  the  dexter  an  unicorn 
argent  crowned  and  horned  or,  and  on  the  sinister  a  deer  proper  crowned  of  the 

\\\  Mr  Gregory's  letter  of  the  same  date  he  writes : — 

"  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  Workman  may  have  taken  his  blazoning  of  Arms 

from  this  very  MS.,  and  from  the  company  in  which  MacGregor  is  there  placed 

have  called  him  Lord  MacGregor  of  Old." 

This  conjecture  is  not  altogether  correct.  The  arms  of  MacGregor,  as 
"  Lord  MakGzegour  of  Ould,"  occur  also  in  an  illuminated  MS.  in  the 
Lyon's  ofifice,  Edinburgh,  compiled  about  1565-66  by  an  unknown  hand. 
It  became  the  property  of  James  Workman,  a  Herald  painter,  whose 
name,  with  the  date,  1623,  it  bears.  This  MS.  has  been  reproduced  in 
facsimile  in  the  valuable  book  entitled  "  Scottish  Arms,  being  a  collection 
of  Armorial  Bearings,  A.D.  1370- 1678,"  by  W.  R.  Stoddart,  published  in 
1880.  The  frontispiece  of  the  present  volume  is  taken  from  a  plate  in  this 
work,  a  reproduction  of  the  Arms  in  Workman's  MS.  It  is  remarkable 
that  the  shield  in  the  Harleian  Collection  bears  a  pine  tree  eradicate,  whilst 
in  Workman's  MS.  (which  is  the  oldest)  a  young  oak  tree  is  represented, 
also  eradicate.  The  family  of  the  present  Chief  carry  the  oak  tree.  There 
is  a  tradition  that  the  pine  tree  was  the  original  armorial  "  charge,"  but 
that  after  the  above  related  prowess  of  Sir  Malcolm  it  was  changed  for 
the  oak  tree,  which  consequently  pertained  specially  to  his  descendants 
and  representatives.  The  Chiefs  of  Highland  clans  have  the  right  to 
bear  supporters,  which  right  in  other  countries  pertains  generally  to  Peers 


1 8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor     [i  164-1200 

only.     On  the  title-page  is  given  the  shield,  crest  and  motto  to  which  all 
gentlemen  of  the  ClanGregor  are  entitled.^ 

Although  there  may  be  no  historical  evidence  as  to  this  Sir  Malcolm, 
the  grant  of  armorial  bearings,  commemorating  some  hunting  exploit,  and 
the  well  established  tradition  of  the  MacGregor  "  Morar  "  (Lord)  who  built 
the  Castles  enumerated,  affords  reasonable  probability  to  the  main  narra- 
tive. The  actual  date  when  the  Arms  were  first  given  or  first  used  is 
undiscoverable.  But  it  was  not  till  the  reign  of  King  William  the  Lion, 
1165-1214,  that  arms  were  first  borne  in  Scotland,  and  that  King  William 
chose  as  his  cognisance  the  red  "  Lion  rampant,"  which  constitutes  the 
Arms  of  Scotland. 

"  Baronage  "  continued — 

"Sir  Malcolm  died,  circiter  1164,2  leaving  three  sons — 

1.  William,  his  heir. 

2.  Gregor,  called  "  Gregor  more  graund,"  more  because  of  his  large  stature, 

and  "  graund  "  on  account  of  his  being  ill-favoured  or  ugly.     Of  him  all 
the  Grants  are  said  to  be  descended. 

3.  Achaius  (Hugh),  of  whom,  by   the  traditions  of  the   family,  the   Clan 

Achaius — now  corruptly  called  Maccays  or  Mackays — are  descended. 

This  theory  of  the  descent  of  the  Mackays  is  undoubtedly  an  error. 
They  are  now  understood  to  be  derived  from  the  old  Earldom  of  Suther- 
land. (See  Skene's  "  Highlanders.")  In  the  old  MacGregor  genealogy, 
given  in  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  MS.,  to  be  quoted  farther  on,  one  of  the 
ancestors  of  the  main  stem  of  the  Macgregors  bears  the  name  of  Hugh, 
and  appears  to  have  flourished  in  the  twelfth  century.  It  is  probable 
that  this  Achaius,  or  Hugh,  was  a  more  prominent  representative  than  a 
third  son,  as  stated  in  the  "  Baronage." 

With  reference  to  the  derivation  of  the  Grants,  a  family  copy  of  the 
"  Baronage  "  has  a  note,  apparently  in  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling's  handwriting. 

^  Crests  are  not  considered  to  come  under  the  same  fixed  rules  as  other  armorial  bearings,  but 
the  Lion's  head  is  generally  adopted  by  all  MacGregors.— ^a^. 

^  Probably  the  time  when  he  flourished  was  thirty  or  forty  years  later,  and  it  is  possible  that  the 
two  generations  of  Duncan  a  Straileadh,  and  his  son,  Duncan  Beg,  came  in  between  Ian  Borb 
nan  Cath  and  Malcolm  of  the  Castles.— £a'. 

1238-1290]  Line  of  Chiefs  19 

"  In  a  history  of  the  Family  of  Grant — in  the  possession  of  a  respectable  Cadet 
(Grant  of  Bonhard),  composed  before  17 19,  and  denying  the  traditionary  account 
of  the  descent  of  the  Grants  from  a  younger  son  of  the  Laird  of  MacGregor — there 
is  the  following  passage  regarding  the  parents  of  Patrick  Grant  of  Freuchie  and 
Bellachastell,  born  about  982: — 'Anlaw,  or  Allan,  the  eldest  son  and  repre- 
sentative of  Heming  Grandt,  a  man  of  desirable  accomplishments,  is  married  to 
Mora,  daughter  to  Neil  MacGregor,  a  man  lineally  descended  of  Gregorious  Magnus, 
King  of  Scotland,  This  Anlaw  (others  call  him  Avelass)  got  with  Mora  MacGregorie, 
in  portion  or  tocher,  the  Barony  of  Bellachastell  and  Freuchie  in  Straspey.'  The 
grandson  of  Patrick  (son  of  Mora  MacGregor)  was  'Gregory  Grant  of  Freuchie.'^ 
The  same  passage  occurs  also  in  the  '  Chartulary '  with  the  remark  ;  '  This  account, 
which  differs  materially  from  the  title  Grant  of  Grant,  in  Douglas's  Baronage — but 
is  obviously  preferable,  and  is  confirmed  by  the  other  MSS.  quoted — may  serve  to 
account  for,  and,  at  the  same  time,  to  correct  the  extant  tradition  of  the  common 
origin  of  the  MacGregors  and  the  Grants,  whose  armorial  bearings  have  a  strong 

In  consequence  of  this  passage  (found,  however,  only  in  a  modern 
genealogy),  the  date  of  a.d.  980  is  assigned  as  the  time  when  Neil 
MacGregor  flourished ;  and  he  is  conjectured  to  have  been  a  son  of 
Gregor  of  the  Standard.^ 

"  Baronage  "  continued — 

"  IX.  William,  Lord  Macgregor,  who  flourished  in  the  reign  of  William  the 
Lyon,  and  Alexander  II.  He  married  filiam  domini  de  Lindsay,  and  died 
ad  annu7n  1238,  leaving  two  sons  and  a  daughter — 

1.  Gregor,  his  heir. 

2.  Alpin  j  who,  being  bred  to  the  Church,  was  promoted  to  the  Bishoprick  of 

Dunblane;  inter  atuios  1232  and  1290." ^ 

The  "Chartulary"  notices — 

"From  a  collation  of  circumstances,  a  strong  presumption  arises  that  William's 
wife  was  daughter  of  Lindsay  of  Bonhill,  or  Buchnull  as  it  was  anciently  called. 
These  Lindsays  in  the  thirteenth  century  were  hereditary  Toschsadorachs,  and 
Forresters  of  the  Earls  of  Lennox." 

^  "  The  foundation  of  the  Grant  story  seems  merely  to  be  that  the  earliest  Grant  known  was 
Gregory  le  Grant,  whose  sons  Laurence  and  Robert,  called  Grant  (dicti  Grant),  witness  an  agree- 
ment between  the  Bishop  of  Moray   and  John  Bisset  in   1258." — "  Celtic  Scotland,"  vol.   iii. 

P-  350- 

'■^  Chartulary.     (See  page  13.)  ^  Historia  familiae  et  Keith's  Bishops. — Doug.  Bar. 

20  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1248-1314 

"  Baronage  "  continued — 

"  X.  Gregor/  Lord  ^  of  MacGregor  (or,  according  to  the  '  Chartulary,'  Gregor 
of  Glenurquhay)  succeeded,  and  joined  King  Alexander  II.  a7vio  1248  with  his 
followers  when  that  Monarch  went  upon  his  expedition  for  recovery  of  the  western 
Isles  from  Haco,  King  of  Norway.  He  also  flourished  in  the  reign  of  Alexander  III. 
{ititer  1249  et  1296).  By  his  Lady  Marion,  filiam  de  Gilchrist,  he  was  father  of 
Malcolm  XL" 

The  "  Baronage  "  adds  a  note  that  the  writer  has  been  unable  to  discover 
who  the  Gilchrist  was,  but  the  "  Chartulary  "  has  a  remark — 

"  Ctrcifir  1286.  Died  Gregor  of  Glenurchy,  who  married  a  daughter  of 
Gilchrist  (4th  son  as  is  believed  of  Aulin,  2nd  Earl  of  Levenax),  founding  this 
belief  on  a  Charter  by  Malduin,  3rd  Earl  of  Lennox,  1238-9,  of  certain  lands  which 
is  witnessed,  it  is  to  be  remarked,  by  John  Glendochir,  Amalech  my  Brother,  &c." 

In  the  "  Baronage"  the  successor  to  Gregor  No.  10  is  given  as — 

"XI.  Malcolm  (styled  Dominus  de  MacGregor),  a  person  of  great  loyalty, 
strongly  attached  to  Bruce,  whom  he  is  said  to  have  relieved  from  the  chief  of  Lorn 
at  Dalreogh,  and  to  have  been  mounted  on  a  milk-white  steed.^  Thereafter  the 
King  harboured  in  a  large  cave  in  MacGregor's  lands,  near  Craig-Chrostan,  which 
is  to  this  day  called  "  Uamh  an  Riogh  "  (the  King's  cave),  from  which  he  crossed 
over  Loch  Lomond,  and  met  the  Earl  of  Lennox. 

"  Malcolm  fought  at  the  battle  of  Bannockburn,  and  is  said  to  have  been  the 
person  who  brought  the  relics  of  St  Fillansarum  from  the  country  of  that  name, 
then  part  of  his  lands,  to  King  Robert's  chaplain,  who  passed  it  for  a  miracle,  in 
consequence  of  which  the  Bruce  founded  a  priory  in  StrathfiUan*  {attno  1314). 
This  Malcolm^  is  much  celebrated  by  several  bards.  He  fought  under  Edward 
Bruce  in  Ireland,  and  having  received  a  wound  at  the  battle  of  Dundalk,  of  which 
he  was  ever  afterwards  lame,  he  retired  home,  and  was  known  by  the  name  of 
"  Morfhear  bachdach,"  or  the  lame  lord. 

^  There  is  ground  to  suppose  that  Gregor's  father's  name  was  John,  believed  to  be  William's 
second  brother,  omitted  in  "  Baronage."     (See  chapter  vii.) — Ed. 

2  The  writers  of  the  "Chartulary  "  do  not  consider  that  the  title  "  Morer  "  (equivalent  to  Lord), 
by  which  Sir  Malcolm  was  designated,  was  hereditary,  even  if  it  was  ever  formally  bestowed  ;  but 
after  No.  VII.,  styled  Lord  of  Glenurchy  in  the  "  Baronage,"  the  "  Chartulary"  continues  to  quote 
the  territorial  designation. — Ed. 

^  Collection  of  ancient  heroic  poems,  penes  Mr  John  Murray. — Doug.  Bar. 

*  The  ruins  of  this  priory  can  still  be  traced  near  Crianlarig.  -Ed. 

*  Said  heroic  poems. — Doug.  Bar. 

1296-1415]  Chiefs  in  the  Fourteenth  Century     21 

"He  died  at  an  advanced  age,  anno  1374,  leaving  by  his  wife  Mary,  daughter 
to  Malise  M'^Alpin  of  Finnich,  two  sons — 

1.  Gregor,  his  heir. 

2.  Gilbert,  of  whom  it  is  said  the  Griersons  of  Lag  descended." 

The  Griersons  of  Lag  claim  this  descent,  which  is  quite  probable 
although  it  may  not  be  susceptible  of  actual  proof. 

The  existence  of  this  second  Malcolm  seems  to  be  well  established  by  tradition 
and  Highland  poems.  It  is  said  that  "  Malcolm,  chief  of  the  family  of  MacGregor, 
had  a  command  at  the  army  of  King  Robert  Bruce  at  Bannockburn,"  but  the 
authority  for  this  statement  is  not  conclusive.^  There  is  also  mention  of  a  Malcolm 
of  Glendochart  doing  fealty  to  Edward  of  England,  28th  August  1296.  As  Gregor 
(X.)  is  said  to  have  flourished  in  the  thirteenth  century,  it  seems  improbable  that  his 
son  should  have  lived  till  1374.  Possibly  one  or  two  generations  have  been  missed 
out  before  or  after  Malcolm.  The  MSS.  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  contains  a  very 
interesting  genealogy  by  an  old  Highland  seannachie,  giving  the  Glenstray  pedigree. 
It  is  difficult  to  identify  the  list  recorded  in  the  "Baronage"  with  the  names  found 
therein,  but  in  a  subsequent  chapter  this  genealogy  will  be  transcribed. 

From  the  unquestionable  authority  of  the  Obituary,  known  as  the  Chronicle  of 
Fortingal,^  the  following  entries  are  here  given  in  chronological  order  : — 

"  1390,  April  19.  Died  John,  son  of  Gregor  of  Glenurquhay,  and  was  buried 
in  Dysart,  north  of  the  High  Altar. 

Dysart,  q.  d.  Tigh  sart — in  English,  "  House  of  the  Highest " — is  the  old 
name  of  the  Church  of  Glenurquhay,  which  was  annexed  to  Dalmally.  John,  son 
of  Gregor,  was  surnamed  Cham,  or  "  blind  of  an  eye,"  as  appears  from  the  two 
entries  under  141 5. 

It  is  believed  that  he  was  the  latest  MacGregor  in  recognised  possession  of 
Glenurquhay,  for  his  son  is  styled  "in,"  not  "of,"  that  land;  but  "there  does  not 
seem  ground  to  suppose  that  they  ever  had  what  alone,  according  to  Saxon  ideas 
.of  landed  property,  could  secure  continued  possession,  a  charter  of  confirmation  on 
their  resignation  into  the  King's  hands.     ("  Chartulary.") 

141 5.  Died  Gregor,  son  of  John  Cham,  in  Glenurquhay,  and  was  buried  as 
first  mentioned. 

1415.  Died  John  the  Black  (dhu),  son  of  John  Cham,  son  of  Gregor  at  Stron- 
melochan,  and  was  buried  at  Dysart. 

Stronmelochan  was  a  fortalice  at  the  north-east  extremity  of  Lochaw,  near  the 
entrance  of  Glenstray. 

^  "  Catalogue  of  Chiefs,"  perns  Major-General  David  Stewart  of  Garth. 

'■^  Translation  of  Dean  MacGregor's  Chronicle,  printed  with  the  Historical  Review,  183 1. 

2  2  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1340- hi 3 

The  above  entries,  the  Bard's  genealogy,  and  others  from  "  The  Black 
Book  of  Taymouth,"  enable  us  to  define  positively  that  the  house  of 
Glenstray  descended  in  direct  line  from  this  John  Dhu,  and  as  he  had  a 
brother,  Gregor,  who  coincides  with  Gregor,  surnamed  Aulin,  in  the 
"  Baronage,"  we  are  led  to  believe  that  these  two  Gregors  were  identical. 

From  the  "  Baronage  "  : — 

"XII.  Gregor,  called  Aulin  (Aluinn) — i.e.,  "  perfectly  handsome  " — succeeded. 
He  married  Iric,  daughter  of  his  uncle  Malcolm  M'^Alpin,  son  of  the  said  Malise, 
and  died  circiter  annum,  14 13  leaving  by  his  said  lady  five  sons  and  several 
daughters — 

1.  Malcolm,  his  heir. 

2.  John,  first  designed  of  Breachd-sliabh,  who  eventually  became  Laird  of 


3.  Gillespie,  or  Archibald,  who  married  and  had  issue. 

4.  Gregor,  of  whom  the  family  of  Ruath  shruth,  or  Roro  (as  will  be  shown 

later,  the  name  of  this  son  was  probably  Duncan).^ 

5.  Dugal  Ciar." 

In  the  course  of  this,  the  fourteenth  century,  the  sovereigns  had  given 
many  lands  to  those  who  supported  them,  and  amongst  these  were  territories 
occupied  by  the  ClanGregor  as  Crown  tenants — i.e.,  settled  on  the  Crown 
lands  by  royal  favour,  either  as  a  reward  for  military  services,  or  connected 
with  the  royal  house,  which  tradition  asserts,  or  the  tribe  may  have  enjoyed 
allodial  occupation  of  these  localities  from  time  immemorial. 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"Before  1340,  Alexander  Menzies,  son  and  heir  of  the  deceased  Alexander 
Menzies,2  gave  a  grant  to  '  Avunculo  meo,'  Yvaro  Campbel,  of  all  his  lands  in  the 
Barony  of  Glendochart. 

"In  A.D.  1340,  July  30th.  Charter  by  Alexander  Menzies,  son  and  heir  of 
Alexander  de  Menzies,  Lord  of  Glendochart,  to  Ewar  Campbell  and  his  heirs,  of 
20  merles  of  land  in  Glendochart,  dated  at  Kilmarnock,  30th  July  1340. 

"  1368-9,  T2th  March.  Charter  by  King  David  II.  at  Perth  to  John  of  Lorn, 
of  the  district  of  Glenlyon,  in  Atholl.  (Robertson's  "  Index  of  Missing  Charters," 

^  See  chapter  xi. 

2  In  1374-6  Campbell  is  mentioned  as  having  received  it  from  the  Crown,  it  is  supposed  on 
the  forfeiture  of  Malcolm  of  Glendochart. 

Chiefs  in  the  Fourteenth  Century        23 

"1374,  April  20th,  Charter  by  King  Robert  II.  to  Arthur  Campbell,  son  of 
Ewar  Campbell,  of  the  lands  of  Strathquhir,  resigned  by  the  said  Ewar. 

"  1376,  Feb.  9th.  Charter  by  King  Robert  II.,  confirming  one  by  his  son  Robert, 
Earl  of  Fife  and  Menteith,  to  Arthur  Campbell  of  Strathquhir,  of  certain  lands  in 
the  Barony  of  Glendochart,  viz.,  amongst  others,  Kyleters,  mor,  and  beg,  Inner- 
hardgowrane,  with  the  Lake  of  Glendochart,  and  the  Island  of  Garwhelane,  and 
Wester  Hardkell  (Ardchalzie).     "Mag.  Sig.,"  v.  50. 

A  pause  may  here  fittingly  be  made,  to  clear  the  ground  before 
proceeding  to  more  historic  times. 


Chapter  III 

Sketch  of  Scottish  History,   1285- 1390 

HE  period  succeeding  the  death  of  King  Alexander  III.,  in  1285,  and 

-■-  of  his  young  granddaughter,  the  Maiden  of  Norway,  who  died  in 
September  1290,  was  the  darkest  of  Scotland's  history,  only  illumined  by 
the  patriotism  of  William  Wallace,  and  subsequently  of  Robert  Bruce. 
After  a  miserable  reign  of  four  years,  John  Baliol  attempted  to  contend 
against  Edward  I.  of  England,  but  sustained  a  severe  defeat  at  the  battle 
of  Dunbar,  28th  April  1296.  Wallace,  after  a  few  years  of  heroic  struggles 
to  deliver  his  country,  was  eventually  captured,  and  beheaded  on  the  22nd 
August  1305.  Bruce,  King  Robert  I.,  was  crowned  at  Scone,  29th  March 
1306,  and  gained  the  victory  of  Bannockburn  23rd  June  13 14.  After  his 
early  death  (June  1329)  Scotland's  troubles  were  again  renewed,  his  son, 
David  II.,  being  only  four  years  old  at  the  time.  Edward  Baliol,  son  of 
John  Baliol,  invaded  the  country,  gaining  a  victory  at  Dupplin,  1332,  and 
Edward  III.  of  England  coming  to  his  support,  won  the  battle  of  Halidon 
Hill,  near  Berwick,  19th  July  1333.  But  brave  and  skilful  warriors  were 
not  wanting  in  Scotland,  and  having  succeeded  in  winning  back  the  castles 
and  towns  taken  from  them,  they  welcomed  home  in  1341  the  young  King 
David,  who  had  taken  refuge  in  France.  Having  subsequently  invaded 
England,  he  was  made  prisoner  at  the  battle  of  Neville's  Cross,  near 
Durham,  17th  October  1346,  and  remained  in  captivity  till  Scotland  was 
able  to  ransom  him  in  1359.  Peace  was  at  length  restored,  till  the  death 
of  David  II.,  February  1370-71. 

The  dynasty  of  the  Stewarts  now  came  to  the  throne.  Walter,  the 
Lord  High  Steward  of  Scotland,  having  married  Lady  Marjory  Bruce, 
eldest  daughter  of  King  Robert  I.,  their  son  Robert  Stewart  succeeded 
his  uncle  as  King  Robert  II.,  and  reigned  till  his  death,  April  1390. 

Sketch  of  Scottish   History,    1 285-1 390    25 

All  that  is  known  of  the  ClanGregor  during  this  stormy  period  is  ably- 
discussed  in  a  paper  by  Mr  Donald  Gregory,  entitled  "  Historical  Notices 
of  the  ClanGregor,"  which  Essay  was  read  to  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  of 
Scotland,  22nd  March  1830,  and  printed  in  the  "  Archaeologia  Scotica," 
vol.  iv.  As  this  paper  is  now  out  of  print,  and  not  in  general  circulation, 
quotations  may  here  be  freely  given. ^ 

"  An  early,  if  not  the  original,  seat  of  the  ClanGregor  (one  of  the  few  families  in 
the  Highlands  which,  so  far  as  male  descent  is  concerned,  can  be  regarded  as  purely 
Celtic),  a  family  which  is  generally  allowed  to  be  one  of  the  most  ancient  and  re- 
nowned of  the  Highland  tribes,  was  the  valley  of  Glenurchy,  in  the  district  of  Lorn. 
From  Glenurchy,  accordingly,  they  took  their  style  for  many  generations. 

"It  appears  that  John  of  Glenurchy— the  chief,  probably,  of  the  family — was 
made  prisoner  by  King  Edward  of  England  at  the  battle  of  Dunbar,  armo  1296; 
and  that  he  had  afterwards  his  lands  and  possessions  restored  by  order  of  that 
monarch,  on  condition  of  going  to  France  to  serve  him  in  his  wars  in  that  kingdom. 
In  the  public  instruments  connected  with  the  fate  of  those  of  the  Scottish  leaders 
captured  at  Dunbar,  John  de  Glenurchy  is  ranked  as  one  of  the  "  Magnates 
Scotise,"  a  proof  that  his  possessions  holding  of  the  Crown  were  far  from  incon- 
siderable. This  individual  had — as  would  seem — died  in  France;  for  his  name 
does  not  again  appear  in  any  of  the  transactions  of  the  period.  He  left  a  daughter 
and  heiress,  Margaret,  who  carried  the  Barony  of  Glenurchy  to  her  husband,  John, 
son  of  Sir  Neil  Campbell  of  Lochawe,  by  Lady  Mary  Bruce,  sister  of  King  Robert. 
This  John  Campbell,  on  whose  mother  her  Royal  brother  had  conferred  the  Earl- 
dom of  Athole,  became  in  her  right  Earl  of  Athole.  He  fell  in  the  battle  of 
Halidon  Hill,  a7i7io  1333,  leaving  issue  by  his  wife,^  a  child,  who  survived  a  few 
years  only.  On  the  death  of  this  child,  the  Barony  of  Glenurchy  appears  to  have 
returned  to  the  family  of  MacGregor,  for  there  is  undoubted  evidence  of  the  death, 
so  late  as  1390,  of  John  MacGregor  of  Glenurchy.  I  have  been  thus  minute  in 
tracing  the  history  of  this  barony,  as  I  conceive  it  to  have  been  the  last  freehold 
possession  of  any  consequence  held  by  the  name  of  MacGregor." 

In  the  "  Chartulary,"  the  documents  connected  with  Edward  I.'s 
prisoners  are  given  at  full  length. 

"  Johannes  de  Glenurchart,  one  of  several  '  Scottish  Magnates '  is  taken 
prisoner  in  the  battle  of  Dunbar. 

"  Mandate  by  Edward  I.  of  England,  31st  of  July  1297,  bearing  the  dtle,  '  King 

1  Taken  from  a  MS.  copy  of  this  Essay  presented  to  Sir  Evan  Murray  MacGregor  in  1830. 

2  Margaret  de  Glenurchy  must  have  been  his  first  wife.— See  p.  28. 

26  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Edward  commands  that  the  Scottish  Magnates  captured  in  the  battle  of  Dunbar, 
and  about  to  fight  for  him  in  France  and  elsewhere,  be  liberated  from  prison. — 
(Rotuli  Scotiae) — 1297,  July  31st.'  'The  King  (Edward  I.)  to  the  Constable  of 
the  Castle  of  Berkhamsted,  greeting.  Whereas  John  de  Glenurchart,  lately  captured 
in  the  conflict  that  took  place  betwixt  us  and  the  Scots  at  Dunbar,  and  by  our 
command  detained  in  the  prison  of  the  said  castle,  hath  found  before  our  beloved 
and  faithful  Walter  de  Bello  Campo  (Beauchamp),  Steward  of  our  household, 
sufficient  bail  that  he  shall  immediately  pass  with  us  in  our  service  to  the  countries 
beyond  seas,  and  that  he  shall  well  and  faithfully  serve  us  against  the  King  of 
France,  and  other  Rebels  and  Enemies  to  us  in  time  to  come,  as  in  the  foresaid 
Bail  Bond,  recorded  in  presence  of  the  said  Steward,  is  fully  contained.  We 
command  you  that  ye  cause  ye  body  of  the  foresaid  John  to  be  liberated  from  our 
prison  of  the  said  castle  without  any  delay  whatsoever  in  the  foresaid  manner.' " 
— Rotuli  Scotiae. 

The  following  remarks  from  the  "  Chartulary "  relate  to  the  same 
personage : — 

"  Charter  by  King  David  II.  of  Scotland  '  To  Margaret  de  Glenurchy  and  to 
John  Campbell,  her  spouse '  (Earl  of  Atholl),  ' of  the  lands  of  Glenurchy.'"  ^ 

Between  1329,  June  28th,  death  of  King  Robert  Bruce;  and  1333, 
July  19th,  battle  of  Halidon  Hill. 

"  John  Campbell,  younger  son  of  Sir  Neil  Campbell  of  Lochaw  by  Lady  Mary 
Bruce,  sister  of  King  Robert  I.,  was  created  Earl  of  Atholl  on  the  forfeiture  of 
David  de  Strathbogie,  circiter  1314.  He  married  Margaret,  heiress  of  Glenurchy, 
daughter,  most  probably,  of  John  de  Glenurchart,  captured  at  the  Battle  of 
Dunbar,  1296;  who  had,  in  virtue  of  a  warrant  by  Edward  I.  of  England,  31st 
July  (same  year),  been  ordered  to  deliver  up  his  eldest  son  (if  he  had  one)  as  a 
hostage.  It  is  unknown  whether  he  had  a  son.  John  Campbell,  Earl  of  Atholl, 
was  killed  at  the  Battle  of  Halidon  Hill." 

The  "  Historical  Notices  "  proceed  : — 

"  Glendochart  is  another  district  with  which  the  Clan  appears  to  have  been 
connected  at  an  early  period.     John  Glendochir  witnesses  a  charter  by  Malduin, 

^  Index  of  missing  charters  by  William  Robertson,  Esq.,  one  of  the  Deputies  of  the  Lord 
Clerk-Register  for  keeping  the  Records  of  Scotland,  1798.  The  terms  of  this  missing  charter  are 
not  known.  All  the  charters  extant  in  the  general  Register  House,  Edinburgh,  in  the  reigns  of 
Robert  I.,  David  11. ,  Robert  II.  and  III.,  and  in  the  regency  of  Robert,  Duke  of  Albany,  have 
since  been  printed.  The  charter  quoted  in  the  text  is  not  among  them.  Those  reigns,  and  that 
regency,  comprehend  the  period  over  which  Mr  Robertson's  index  extends.  A  MS.  index  in  1629 
is  the  source  of  the  information  regarding  this  missing  charter.— Note  in  "  Chartulary." 

Gregory's  *'  Historical  Notices 


third  Earl  of  Lennox,  3d  March  1238,  and  Malcolm  and  Patrick  de  Glen- 
dochart,  probably  sons  of  John,  do  homage  to  Edward  I.  at  Berwick-upon- 
Tweed,  28th  August  1296,  being  a  short  while  after  the  disastrous  conflict  of 
Dunbar.  In  the  lists  of  the  Scots  on  this  occasion,  printed  by  Prynne,  Malcolm 
de  Glendochart  is  mentioned  twice,  and  in  separate  places,  once  as  Malcolm  de 
Glendochart  simply,  and  again,  in  company  with  amongst  others  Alexander  de 
Argyle  (Lord  of  Lorn),  as  King's  Tenant  in  Perthshire.  From  these  facts  the 
obvious  inference  is,  that  Malcolm  de  Glendochart  held  lands  both  as  a  free  baron 
and  as  a  kindly  tenant.  That  the  individuals  designed  of  Glendochart  were  Mac- 
Gregors  appears  highly  probable,  when,  in  addition  to  the  well-known  fact  of  the 
long  settlement  of  the  Clan  in  this  quarter,  we  find  that  the  names  Malcolm  and 
Patrick  were  common  in  the  tribe. 

"  But  these  were  not  the  only  territories  in  which  the  ClanGregor  succeeded  in 
gaining  a  footing.  The  numbers  of  the  name  that  have  for  centuries  been  found  in 
the  adjacent  districts  of  Rannoch,  Glenlyon,  Glenlochy,  Strathfillan,  and  Balqu- 
hidder,  and  in  Breadalbane  generally,  to  all  of  which  there  is  easy  access  from 
Glenurch}',  testify  the  ancient  power  of  the  family,  and  warrant  the  supposition 
that  parts  at  least  of  these  ample  territories  were  held  as  free  baronies  by  the 
chieftains  of  the  Clan. 

"If  this  supposition  be  thought  not  unreasonable,  it  will  not  be  difficult  to 
account  for  the  loss  of  many  of  these  possessions  under  the  reign  of  Robert  Bruce. 

"  The  Lord  of  Lorn,  who  married  a  sister  of  John  Cumin  the  Black,  brother-in- 
law  of  King  John  Baliol,  took,  as  is  well  known,  a  very  active  part  in  favour  of 
Baliol,  and  after  the  dethronement  of  that  unfortunate  prince,  attached  himself  to 
the  Cumin  party,  displaying  a  constant  and  energetic  opposition  to  the  claims  of 
Bruce.  The  family  of  MacGregor,  from  the  situation  of  their  principal  property, 
Glenurchy,  in  Lorn,  and  probably  through  their  possessions  in  Perthshire  also,  were 
necessarily  in  strict  alliance  and  otherwise  closely  connected  with  the  house  of 
Lorn,  and  would  naturally  follow  the  fortunes  of  that  very  powerful  family,  in  a 
question  more  especially  admitting  of  so  much  dispute  as  that  of  the  succession  to 
the  Scottish  Crown.  We  find,  accordingly,  that  Bruce  had  no  sooner  established 
himself  on  the  throne,  than  the  house  of  Lorn,  with  all  its  followers  and  aUies, 
suffered  severely  by  forfeiture.  Nor  were  the  MacGregors  exempted  from  their 
share  of  the  loss.  Glenurchy  could  not  be  forfeited,  being  the  property  of  an 
heiress  and  a  minor ;  but  the  wardship  and  the  marriage  were  probably  given  by 
the  King  to  Sir  Neil  Campbell  of  Lochawe,  his  brother-in-law.  Glendochart  was 
granted  to  Alexander  Menzies,  who  had  married  Egidia,  sister  to  the  High  Steward, 
husband  to  the  Princess  Marjory  Bruce.  The  barony  of  Fortingal  became,  by  the 
royal  bounty,  the  property  of  Thomas  Menzies,  son,  probably,  of  Alexander  ;  and 
part  of  Rannoch  fell  by  the  same  process  to  the  ancestor  of  the  family  of  Strowan 
Robertson,  who  had  been  a  staunch  adherent  to  Bruce.     To  the  power  of  the  Clan- 

28  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Gregor  these  various  grants  must  have  given  a  fatal  blow ;  and  it  is  from  this  reign 
that  we  must  date  the  downfall  of  this  ancient  tribe. 

"Some  of  the  Clan  however  appear  to  have  taken  the  other  side,  for  in  1293 
John  Baliol,  then  King  of  Scotland,  issued  a  mandate  to  Alexander  de  Ergadia 
(Lord  of  Lorn),  and  to  the  Bailie  of  Lochawe,  charging  them  to  summon  '  Sir  Angus 
MacDonald,  Knight,  Lawmund  MacGregor,  and  Angus,  son  of  Duncan  MacGregor,' 
to  appear  in  the  royal  presence  on  a  specified  day,  to  do  homage,  and  various  other 
things  obligatory  upon  them.  The  first  of  these  three  individuals  is  evidently  the 
son  and  heir  of  the  Lord  of  the  Isles,  and  the  same  as  he  who  proved  afterwards  so 
steady  a  friend  to  Robert  Bruce.  It  would  thus  seem  that  Sir  Angus,  and  the  two 
MacGregors  mentioned  along  with  him,  and  who,  from  the  terms  of  the  writ,  are 
evidently  free  barons  holding  their  lands  of  the  Crown,  had  not  acquiesced  in  the 
award  which  placed  Baliol  on  the  Scottish  throne ;  an  inference  which,  as  it  seems 
perfectly  legitimate,  will  serve  to  account  for  Glenurchy's  being,  as  we  have  seen, 
in  1390,  the  property  of  John  MacGregor.  This,  however,  did  not  prevent  the 
chiefs  of  the  Campbells  who,  by  their  close  alliance  with  the  new  dynasty,  had  now 
commenced  that  rise  which  has  not  been  less  permanent  than  it  was  rapid,  from 
acquiring  a  superiority  over  the  MacGregors,  which  was  improved  by  every 
succeeding  generation." 

Dr  Joseph  Anderson  has  the  following  remarks  or  "  resume  "  on  this 
subject : — ^ 

"The  earliest  notice  of  the  ClanGregor  shows  them  settled  in  Glenurchay, 
Glendochart,  Breadalbane,  Glenlochy,  Glenlyon,  Rannoch,  and  Balquhidder, 
but  not  holding  their  lands  of  the  Crown.  Before  the  date  of  Robert  Bruce 
there  are  incidental  notices  of  the  MacGregors  of  Glenurchay,  but  the  forfeiture 
of  the  House  of  Lorn,  with  all  its  followers  and  allies,  with  whom  undoubtedly 
the  MacGregors  were  closely  allied,  deprived  them  of  their  possessions.  Glen- 
urchay was  at  that  time  the  property  of  an  heiress  and  a  minor,  and  the  ward 
and  marriage  of  Margaret  de  Glenurchay  ^  seems  to  have  been  given  to  John 
Campbell,^  son  of  Sir  Nigel  (or  Neil),  who  was  created  Earl  of  Atholl,  and  fell  at 
Hallidon  Hill,  1333.  There  was  one  child  of  the  marriage,  who  survived  a  few 
years  only,  and  the  Barony  of  Glenurchay  seems  to  have  returned  to  the  MacGregors, 
for  there  is  a  John  MacGregor  of  Glenurchay  in  1390. 

*  Copied  by  permission  from  a  note-book  of  Dr  Joseph  Anderson  in  connection  with  the 

"^  After  the  death  of  this  Margaret  de  Glenurchay,  the  Earl  of  Atholl  must  have  married 
again,  for  Mr  Skene  quotes  a  "dispensation  in  1339  for  the  marriage  of  Johanna,  Countess  of 
Stratherne,  widow  of  John,  Earl  of  Atholl,  to  Maurice  de  Moraira."— Celtic  Scotland,  vol.  iii., 
appendix,  page  452. 

=*  5th  April  1357-8.— Charter  of  whole  lands  of  Glenurchy  by  King  David  II.  in  favour  of 
Mariota  of  Glenurchy,  daughter  of  John  of  Glenurchy,  and  spouse  of  John  Campbell.— Dr  Anderson. 

Gregory's  ''  Historical   Notices  "  29 

"Immediately  after  this  we  find  the  Campbells  of  Lochaw  in  possession  of 
Glenurchay,  and  a  family  of  MacGregors  as  vassals  of  the  Earl  of  Argyle  in  Glenstrae. 
There  is  no  evidence  to  show  how  the  barony  of  Glenurchay  passed  from  the 
MacGregors  to  the  Campbells,  but  in  the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  ...  it  is 
stated  that  Colin  Campbell,  second  son  of  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Lochaw, 
was  the  first  Laird  of  Glenurchay  of  the  line  of  Lochaw.  In  point  of  fact  he  had 
a  charter  from  his  father  in  1432  of  the  barony  of  Glenurchy,  and  afterwards,  by 
marriage  with  the  heiress,  acquired  a  third  of  the  great  Lordship  of  Lorn.  This 
Sir  Duncan  Campbell  was  King's  Lieutenant  in  Argyleshire." 

Continuing  the  Historical  Notice  of  the  Clan,  the  account  of  their 
possessions  may  now  be  followed  : — 

"  At  what  time  the  barony  of  Glenurchy  was  finally  lost  to  the  MacGregors  by 
becoming,  as  it  did,  the  property  of  the  Campbells,  is  a  point  on  which,  so  far  as  I 
can  learn,  there  is  no  extant  evidence.  Nor  is  it  certainly  known  how  the  change 
took  place.  It  has  been  stated  from  good  authority  that  John  MacGregor  of 
Glenurchy  died  in  1390;  this  individual  was  contemporary  with  Sir  Colin  Campbell 
of  Lochawe,  of  whom  I  find  it  said,  in  a  manuscript  history  of  the  Campbells, 
that  he  added  greatly  to  the  property  of  his  family.  The  words  of  the  manuscript 
are  : — '  But  never  any  of  that  family  showed  himself  a  more  worthy  man  than  he, 
according  to  the  times  he  lived  to  see ;  and  although,  by  every  one  of  his  pre- 
decessors, some  lands  were  added  to  the  estate  and  honours  of  that  family,  yet 
none  of  them  purchased  more  of  both  than  he.  In  effect,  he  it  was  (as  the  proverb 
is)  who  broke  the  ice  and  opened  a  door  to  all  the  after  grandeur  of  the  family, 
by  suppressing  the  Islanders  and  curbing  all  oppressors.'  Duncan,  first  Lord 
Campbell,  son  of  Sir  Colin  above  mentioned,  married  a  daughter  of  Robert,  Duke 
of  Albany,  brother  of  King  Robert  III.,  and  many  years  Governor  of  Scotland. 
This  Duncan,  Lord  Campbell,  long  known  as  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Lochawe, 
was  one  of  the  wealthiest  and  most  powerful  of  the  Scottish  barons.  He  held, 
under  the  Jameses  I.  and  II.,  the  office  of  King's  Lieutenant  in  Argyleshire,  which 
invested  him  with  very  extensive  powers  against  rebels  to  the  King's  authority. 
Whether  he  exercised  those  powers  to  strip  the  MacGregors  of  the  territory  of 
Glenurchy,  or  inherited  this  possession  from  his  father,  are  points  on  which  it  is 
impossible  to  come  to  a  decision.  This  much  however  is  certain,  that  he  possessed 
Glenurchy,  and  gave  it  in  patrimony  to  a  younger  son.  Sir  Colin,  founder  of  the 
House  of  Breadalbane,  who  is  mentioned  in  a  Charter  by  the  style  of  Glenurchy, 
anno  1442. 

"  I  have  now  brought  down  the  history  of  the  ClanGregor  to  the  time  when 
I  find  them  in  a  situation  totally  different  from  that  of  any  other  Clan  in  the 
Highlands,  namely,  without  an  acre  of  land  held  free  of  the  Crown.     Although, 

30  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

however,  this  was  a  very  singular  situation  for  a  Clan  so  numerous,  and  so  long 
and  extensively  established,  I  have  not  discovered,  from  any  authentic  source 
whatever,  that  they  had  at  this  time  become  distinguished  any  more  than  the 
neighbouring  tribes  for  a  predatory  disposition.  In  Perthshire  the  Crown  still 
possessed  extensive  lands  on  which  the  Chieftains  of  the  tribe  were  seated, 
nominally  as  Crown  tenants,  but  in  reality,  from  the  unsettled  state  of  the  country, 
as  absolute  proprietors ;  their  numbers,  and  their  warlike  habits,  making  it  very 
difficult,  or  next  to  impossible,  for  the  Crown  to  enforce  payment  of  their  rents. 
Such  a  state  of  things  could  not  last.  During  the  government  of  Albany 
accordingly,  and  in  the  minorities  of  the  four  immediate  successors  of  James  I., 
owing  to  the  above,  and  other  causes  not  less  important,  these  lands  gradually 
passed  into  the  possession  of  the  various  powerful  barons  in  that  part  of  the 
country  whom  it  was  the  interest  of  a  weak  government  to  conciliate. 

"  Although  it  be  well  known  that  the  Duke  of  Albany,  in  order  to  strengthen 
his  party  during  the  captivity  of  James  I.,  dilapidated  the  royal  revenues  to  a  very 
great  extent  by  bribing  the  most  powerful  families  with  grants  of  the  Crown-lands 
on  very  favourable  terms  in  every  part  of  the  kingdom  ;  yet  I  have  not  been  able 
to  trace  any  such  transactions  relating  to  that  part  of  Perthshire  of  which  we  speak, 
while  he  held  the  government.  It  appears,  however,  that  the  Governor  himself, 
besides  the  lands  which  he  held  in  the  Highlands  as  Earl  of  Menteith,  and  as  heir 
to  the  earldom  of  Fife,^  acquired  extensive  possessions  in  Breadalbane.  He  had, 
in  1375,  a  royal  charter  of  the  lands  and  barony  of  Glendochart,  proceeding  on  the 
resignation  of  Alexander  de  Menzies.  A  large  portion  of  this  territory,  compre- 
hending Glenfalloch,  StrathfiUan,  and  the  upper  half  of  Glendochart,  was  held 
under  Albany,  by  Arthur  Campbell  of  Strachur,^  the  representative  of  a  family 
which  had  long  been  seated  in  this  part  of  the  country.  The  lands  conveyed  to 
Campbell  (afterwards  erected  into  the  barony  of  Glenfalloch)  were  in  later  reigns, 
and  we  may  therefore  presume,  at  this  time  also,  almost  exclusively  occupied  by 
the  ClanGregor. 

"The  mischievous  system,  introduced  by  Albany,  of  granting  the  Crown-lands 
to  those  whose  support  he  wished  to  gain,  without  reference,  as  may  be  easily 
supposed,  to  the  antiquated  claims  of  the  Celtic  occupants,  was  checked  for  a  time 
under  the  active  and  vigorous  sway  of  James  I.,  but  during  a  century  after  the 
untimely  death  of  that  monarch,  and  particularly  under  the  long  minorities  with 
which  Scotland  was  afflicted  during  this  melancholy  period  of  her  history,  we  can 
trace  the  rise  of  several  distinguished  families,  through  their  acquisition,  principally, 
of  the  hereditary  property  of  the  Crown.     A  contemporary  writer  of  undoubted 

^  Isabell,  Countess  of  Fife,  resigned  into  the  hands  of  King  Robert  II.  (amongst  other  lands) 
the  barony  of  Strathurd,  Strathbrand,  Discher,  Toyer,  with  the  Isle  of  Loch  Tay,  in  Perthshire, 
22nd  June  1389.— Note  in  "  Historical  Notices." 

^  See  Charters  on  page  23. 

I4S2-I473]     Gregory's  "Historical   Notices"       31 

authority  says,  under  the  year  1452,  'Ther  wes  sindrie  landis  gevin  to  sindrie  men 
oe  the  Kingis  Secreit  Counsall,  the  quhilk  men  that  is  to  say,  the  Lord  Campbell, 
to  Schir  Colyne  Campbell,  to  Schir  Alexander  Hwme,  to  Schir  Dauid  Hwme,  to 
Schir  James  Keyr,  and  to  uther  sindrie,  quha  wer  rewardit  be  the  said  Secreit 
Counsall,  the  quhilk  men  demyt  wald  nocht  stand.' ^  Many  such  grants  having 
been  made  during  the  minorities  of  the  respective  sovereigns  were,  on  their  attaining 
their  majority,  revoked ;  whilst  others,  according  to  the  influence  of  the  grantees, 
were  confirmed.  The  uncertainty  attending  these  new  titles  to  the  Crown-lands 
must  doubtless  have  encouraged  the  actual  occupants  to  despise  the  authority  of 
the  charters  by  which  overlords  were  imposed  upon  them,  and  in  many  cases,  from 
families  with  whom  they  had  long  been  at  mortal  feud.  The  MacGregors,  as  may 
be  supposed,  soon  rendered  themselves  obnoxious  to  such  of  the  families  as  had 
been  fortunate  enough  to  obtain  charters  to  any  of  these  lands ;  and  consequently 
it  became,  in  almost  every  instance,  an  object  of  the  new  proprietors  to  expel  them. 
Resistance,  though  natural  enough,  became  in  the  end  ruin  to  the  weaker  party; 
and  it  may,  I  think,  be  safely  affirmed  that,  in  proportion  as  the  MacGregors,  from 
being  kindly  tenants  of  the  Crown,  became  subject  to  their  neighbours,  who  had 
a  greater  interest  and  better  opportunities,  and  were  consequently  more  successful 
than  the  King  and  his  Bailies  had  been  formerly,  in  depriving  them  of  lands  to 
which  they  could  produce  no  better  title  than  occupancy,  the  Clan  grew  remarkable 
for  opposition  to  law  and  order. 

"  This  position  will  appear  to  have  a  better  foundation  if  we  enter  a  little  more 
into  detail  as  regards  the  history  of  the  Campbells  of  Glenurchy,  the  family  of 
Menzies,  and  of  others  of  the  Perthshire  families  closely  connected,  in  one  way  or 
another,  with  the  ClanGregor. 

"  In  the  reign  of  James  III.,  but  in  what  year  is  uncertain.  Sir  Colin  Campbell, 
first  of  Glenurchy,  acquired  the  large  barony  of  Lawers,  on  Loch  Tay,  in  the 
hands  of  the  Crown  since  the  forfeiture  of  Thomas  Chalmer,  who  had  been  executed 
for  aiding  in  the  murder  of  James  I.  He  acquired  also  the  lands  of  Achriach  or 
Achinrevach  -  in  Glendochart,  which,  along  with  Lawers,  he  gave  to  his  youngest 
son  John,  ancestor  of  the  Campbells  of  Lawers. 

"In  1473  John  Stewart  of  Fortingal,  and  Neil  Stewart  ^  his  son  and  heir,  had 
from  the  King  a  nineteen  years'  lease  of  the  lands  and  lordship  of  Apnadull,  Glen 

1  Short  chronicle,  chiefly  of  the  reign  of  James  II.,  by  a  contemporary  author,  in  the  archives 
of  Boswell  of  Auchinleck,  printed  by  Thomas  Thomson,  Esq^^-,  Deputy  Register  of  Scotland. 
— Note  in  "Historical  Notices." 

2  Malcolme  Johnsoun  of  Auchinrevach  (supposed  to  be  a  MacGregor)  disponed  his  lands  of 
Auchinrevach,  lying  in  the  barony  of  Glendochir  and  shire  of  Perth,  to  Colin  Campbell  of  Glen- 
urchay,  K',  by  charter  dated  6th  July  1463.— Chartulary. 

3  The  father  died  at  Garth,  loth  December  1475,  and  the  son  at  the  same  place,  31st  Jan. 
1499-1500.— "Chronicle  of  Fortingal."  The  Stewarts  of  Fortingal  were  descended  from  a  natural 
son  of  the  celebrated  Wolf  of  Badenoch,  by  Johaneta  de  Menzies,  heiress  of  Fortingal. 

32  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1488-1492 

coich,  Glenlyon,  Strathbrawin,  and  Rannoch,  all  in  Perthshire.^  They  had,  besides, 
a  royal  grant,  for  the  same  term,  of  the  office  of  bailiary  of  those  lands  ;  and  it  was 
at  the  same  time  provided  that  they  should  have  the  lands  of  Rannoch  free  of  all 
duties  and  services  during  the  whole  of  the  period  above  mentioned — a  plain  proof 
that,  so  far  as  Rannoch  was  concerned,  it  was  not  expected  to  prove,  in  any  other 
way  at  least,  beneficial  to  the  lessees.  This  lease  expired  in  1492,  and,  to  Stewart's 
mortification,  was  not  renewed.  A  great  part  of  the  power  which  it  had  conferred 
on  this  family  passed,  as  we  shall  have  occasion  to  see,  into  the  hands  of 

"  In  the  minority  of  James  IV.,  anno  1488,  being  the  first  of  his  reign,  a  Parlia- 
mentary Act  was  passed  for  the  '  stanching  of  thift,  reiff,  and  uther  inormiteis  throw 
all  the  realme ; '  and  amongst  others  of  the  barons,  the  following  became  bound  to 
seek  out  and  punish  such  as  should  be  guilty  of  those  crimes  in  the  districts  over 
which  their  authority  in  cumido  extended,  and  they  were  for  this  purpose  furnished 
with  extensive  powers — viz.,  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy,  Neil  Stewart  of  For- 
tingal,  and  Evvyne  Campbell  of  Strachur  (proprietor  of  Glenfalloch).  The  districts 
were  Disher  and  Toyer,^  Glenurchy,  Rannoch,  Apnadull,  Glenlyon,  and  Glen- 
falloch. It  is  evident  that  if  this  Act  was  enforced  at  all,  it  must  have  fallen  with 
accumulated  severity  upon  the  landless  and  consequently  desperate  ClanGregor. 
It  is  much  to  be  doubted,  however,  if  the  morals  of  this  now  obnoxious  race  would 
be  greatly  improved  by  such  discipline ;  and  whether  it  was  not  rather  to  be 
expected  that  their  feelings,  in  the  situation  in  which  they  found  themselves  placed 
relatively  to  these  powerful  barons,  must,  in  even  a  people  far  less  high-spirited, 
have  been  indignation  and  the  thirst  of  vengeance. 

"  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy,  in  this  reign,  made  vast  additions  to  the 
property  of  his  family  in  Perthshire.  He  acquired  the  King's  lands  of  Balloch 
(now  Taymouth),  and  others  on  Loch  Tay,  in  1492.  About  the  same  time  he 
obtained  the  important  office  of  Bailiary  of  the  Crown-lands  of  Disher  and  Toyer, 
Glenlyon  and  Glendochart,  in  most  of  which  he  was  moreover  the  principal  tenant. 
The  acquisition  of  the  office  of  baihary  was  in  this,  as  in  most  other  cases,  merely 
a  prelude  to  the  lands  becoming  hereditary  in  his  family.  Accordingly,  in  1502,  he 
had  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Glenlyon,  which  he  gave  to  his  son  Archibald,  founder 
of  the  family  of  Campbell  of  Glenlyon.     Some  years  later  he  acquired,  from  private 

^  Mag.  Sig. — The  lands  of  Rannoch  mentioned  here  must  not  be  confounded  with  that  part  of 
the  ancient  Lordship  of  Rannoch  granted  by  Robert  Bruce  to  the  ancestor  of  Robertson  of  Strowan, 
the  former  being  in  fact  what  remained  to  the  Crown  of  the  Lordship  after  that  grant,  and  com- 
prising (probably)  the  greater  part  of  it. 

^  The  Lordship  of  Disher  and  Toyer  comprehended  the  lands  on  both  sides  of  Loch  Tay  (with 
some  exceptions),  and  likewise  the  rich  valley  of  Glenlochay,  lying  between  Glenlyon  and  Glen- 
dochart. Disher  and  Toyer  are  Gaelic,  the  former  signifying  a  tract  of  country  having  a 
southern  exposure,  the  latter  a  northern.  The  three  last  notes  occur  in  the  "Historical 

1502-1504]    Gregory's  ''  Historical   Notices  "        33 

individuals,  the  barony  of  Fynlarig,  at  the  west  end  of  Loch  Tay;  the  lands  of 
Scheane  (Shian)  and  others,  and  the  lands  of  Crannych — all  in  the  same  district ; 
so  that  before  his  death  (in  the  battle  of  Flodden)  in  15 13,  he  had  undoubtedly 
become  one  of  the  most  influential  barons  of  Perthshire ;  and  if  we  take  into 
account  his  possessions  in  Argyle,  there  were  few  barons  of  greater  power  in 

"Whilst  the  Laird  of  Glenurchy  was  thus  extending  the  influence  of  his  house 
in  one  part  of  the  territory  occupied  by  the  ClanGregor,  the  head  of  the  ancient 
family  of  Menzies  followed  his  example  in  another.  Robert  Menzies  of  that  Ilk 
had  (1502)  a  royal  charter  of  what  remained  to  the  Crown  of  the  lands  of  Rannoch, 
a  district  claimed  by  the  Clan  as  more  peculiarly  their  own. 

"It  may  naturally  be  supposed  that  these  proceedings  were  viewed  with  a 
favourable  eye,  neither  by  the  MacGregors  (the  actual  occupants)  nor  by  the 
Stewarts  of  Fortingal,  so  lately  all  but  proprietors  of  Glenlyon  and  Rannoch. 
Deadly  feuds  immediately  arose;  and  the  ink  on  his  charter  of  Rannoch  had 
scarcely  dried  when  Menzies's  Castle  of  Weyme  was  burnt  to  the  ground  by  Neil 
Stewart  and  his  associates,  and  all  his  lands  laid  waste. ^ 

"These  dissensions  attracted  the  attention  of  the  Government,  and  in  1504  the 
Earl  of  Athole,  a  near  kinsman  of  Stewart,  Stewart  himself,  and  the  Lairds  of 
Glenurchy  and  Strovvan  Robertson,  with  MacGregor,  were  summoned  to  attend 
Parhament  on  a  charge  of  treason.  What  the  final  result  was  does  not  appear. 
Rannoch  was  still  the  theatre  of  intestine  broils,  nor  could  the  chartered  holder 
make  good  his  title  by  actual  possession.  To  strengthen  himself,  he,  in  1505, 
entered  into  a  contract  with  the  Earl  of  Huntly,  which  contained,  among  others,  the 
following  stipulations: — (i)  Menzies's  eldest  son.  Sir  Robert,  became  bound  to 
marry  Lady  Jean  Gordon,  the  Earl  of  Huntly's  daughter.  (2)  The  lands  of 
Rannoch  were  by  Menzies  let  to  Huntly  for  five  years,  the  latter  binding  himself 
to  stock  it  with  the  best  and  most  obedient  tenants  that  could  be  found ;  and  also 
to  assist  and  maintain  the  Laird  of  Weyme  and  his  son  in  the  peaceable  enjoyment 
of  their  lands  in  Perthshire,  to  aid  them  in  all  cases  of  need,  and  to  help  them  in 
getting  tenants  for  their  lands." 

The  "Chartulary"  gives,  under  date  1504-5,  March  15th,  the  following:— 

"  In  the  actioun  and  causs  persewit  be  Robert  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  Kny'  aganis 
Nele  Stewart  of  Fothergilt,  for  the  wranguss  destruction  and  down  casting  of  his 
Mansion  place  and  Fortalice  of  the  Weme,  and  for  the  burning  and  destruction  of 
divers  vittualles  in  sicht  gudes  &c." — with  details  of  the  same.     The  "  Chartulary  " 

1  Chronicle  of  Fortingal.  (1502,  September— Weym  was  burned  by  Neil  Stuart  of  Gart.)  The 
Lord  High  Treasurer's  books  contain  the  following  entry  under  12th  October  1502 :—"  Item  to 
Robert  Wallace,  Messengeir  to  pass  in  Stratherne  to  warne  the  Lordis  of  the  countrie  to  pas  to 
freithe  the  Lord  of  Weyme  quhen  Neill  Stewart  segit  him,  vij.  s."— Note  in  "  Historical  Notices." 


34  History  of  the  Clan   Gregor     [1523-1531 

remarks    of   another   Decreet   ("No   MacGregors    unless    Duncan   Patrikson    be 

"  About  this  time  Neil  Stewart  resigned  his  lands  of  Fortingal  to  Huntly.^  All 
the  power,  however,  of  this  nobleman,  which  the  acquisition  of  Fortingal  tended  to 
increase  in  relation  to  the  projected  settlement  of  Rannoch,  failed  to  put  his  ally 
Menzies  in  quiet  possession  of  this  turbulent  territory.  In  1523,  Menzies  having 
by  Janet,  Countess  of  Athole,^  been  charged  to  expel  thence  the  Laird  of  MacGregor 
and  his  Clan,  on  account  of  some  depredations  alleged  to  have  been  committed  by 
them  upon  the  Countess's  tenants,  stated  to  the  Lords  of  Council  that  it  was 
impossible  for  him  to  comply,  '  seeing  thai  the  said  MacGregor  on  force  enterit  the 
said  Robertis  landis  of  Rannoche,  and  withhaldis  the  samyn  from  him  maisterfullie, 
and  is  of  fer  gretar  powar  than  the  said  Robert,  and  will  fiocht  be  put  out  be  him  of 
the  saidis  landis.'^  Upon  this  statement  he  was  absolved  from  all  liability  till  the 
matter  should  be  further  investigated.  Several  years  appear  to  have  passed  over 
before  any  very  vigorous  measures  were  taken  against  the  ClanGregor  in  this  quarter. 
In  1530  the  Laird  of  Enoch,  Menzies  of  that  Ilk,  'askit  instrumentis  that  without 
sum  gud  rewle  be  fundin  for  the  ClanGregour,  he  may  nocht  ansuer  for  his  landis, 
nor  be  bundin  for  gud  rewle  in  the  samin  as  he  allegit.'  It  was  probably  in 
consequence  of  this  representation  that,  in  1531,  John,  Earl  of  Athole,  was  sent  by 
the  King  against  the  offenders,  and  succeeded  in  taking  the  Castle  in  the  Isle  of 
Loch  Rannoch,  and  in  expelling  thence  the  'brokin  men  of  the  ClanGregour.' 
The  negligence  of  the  government,  however  (which  can  only  be  accounted  for 
from  the  King  being  engaged  at  this  time  in  reducing  the  Islemen  to  obedience), 
neutralised  any  good  effects  that  might  have  been  expected  to  result  from  Athole's 
success;  for  in  December  1531  we  find  the  Earl  complaining  that  his  expenses  in 
this  expedition,  which  he  states  to  have  been  very  high,  had  not  been  reimbursed 

1  Mr  Duncan  Campbell,  in  the  "  Lairds  of  Glenlyon,"  gives  further  explanations,  of  which  the 
following  is  an  abridgment :—"  In  1473,  John  Stewart  of  Fortingall  and  Neil,  his  son,  had  a 
nineteen  years'  lease  from  James  III.  of  the  Royal  lands  and  lordships  of  Apnadull,  Glenquaich, 
Glenlyon,  Strathbrawin,  and  Rannoch.  The  MacGregors  of  Roro,  and  others  of  the  Clan,  aided 
Neil  Stewart  in  his  struggles  in  aid  of  the  King,  after  whose  death  he  attacked  some  of  the  Barons 
who  had  sided  with  the  Prince  against  his  father.  On  the  accession  of  James  IV.,  Neil  Stewart's 
lease  was  not  renewed,  the  Barony  of  Glenlyon  was  given  to  the  Laird  of  Glenurchy,  and  the 
north  side  of  Loch  Rannoch  to  Sir  Robert  Menzies  of  Weem.  Neil  Stewart  died  at  Garth,  early 
in  1499,  and  his  son,  '  Niall  Gointe  of  Garth,'  burnt  Weem  Castle  and  took  Sir  Robert  Menzies 
prisoner  in  September  or  October  1502." 

2  "The  person  who  burned  the  Castle  of  Weyme,  and  who  resigned  Fortingal  to  the  Earl  of 
Huntly,  was  grandson  to  John  and  son  to  Neil  Stewart  of  Fortingal."—"  Historical  Notices." 

^  "  This  lady  is  omitted  in  both  editions  of  Douglas's  '  Peerage.'  "  She  was  apparently  Janet, 
youngest  daughter  of  sixth  Lord  Forbes,  second  wife  of  John  Stewart,  third  Earl  of  Atholl,  who 
died  1542  ;  but  as  the  Earl's  first  wife,  Grizel  Rattray,  did  not  die  before  March  1537,  there  seems 
to  be  an  error  in  dates. — Ed. 

*  "  Full  Transcript,"  chapter  viii. 

Gregory's  ''Historical  Notices"  35 

to  him,  and  that  the  whole  charge  of  garrisoning  and  keeping  the  Castle,  from  the 
time  of  the  siege  in  October  preceding,  had  been  defrayed  by  him  in  addition, 
notwithstanding  repeated  applications  to  the  Council  on  the  subject ;  and  finally, 
making  a  solemn  protest  that  any  inconvenience  that  might  arise  from  the  Council 
refusing  or  delaying  to  receive  the  Castle  from  him  should  not  be  laid  to  his  charge. 
It  may  be  presumed  that  his  complaints  still  passed  unheeded,  and  that  the  Earl  in 
disgust  left  the  Island  Fortress  to  be  occupied  by  the  former  inhabitants ;  for  no 
great  time  elapsed  before  the  Laird  of  Weyme  found  himself  under  the  necessity  of 
obtaining  an  exemption  from  answering  for  the  police  of  his  lands  of  Rannoch,  on 
the  score  of  the  alleged  untameable  insubordination  of  the  ClanGregor  dweUing 
therein.  This  state  of  things  was  in  full  force  so  late  as  the  year  1684,  when  Sir 
Alexander  Menzies  of  Weyme  obtained  an  exemption  of  this  kind,  which  refers 
to  two  former  exemptions  granted  by  Mary  of  Guise,  Queen-Regent,  and  by  her 
daughter,  Queen  Mary,  respectively.  It  was  long  after  even  this  late  period  ere 
the  family  of  Menzies  succeeded  in  enforcing  all  the  rights  of  free  property  in 
this  large  barony."  ^ 

^  The  "Historical  Notices"  are  continued  in  chapter  xiv. 


[1 390-1424 

Chapter  IV 
Sketch  of  the  Reign  of  King  James  I 

KING  JAMES  I.,  born  in  1390,  was  captured  by  the  English  on  his 
way  to  be  educated  in  France,  shortly  before  his  father,  King 
Robert  III.'s  death,  which  took  place  4th  April  1406.  The  first  part  of 
his  reign  the  sovereign  power  was  exercised  by  the  King's  uncle,  the  Duke 
of  Albany,  who  was  succeeded  as  Regent  by  his  son  Murdoch.  King 
James  I,  returned  from  his  captivity  in  England  in  1424.  He  was  an 
energetic  ruler  who  sought  to  curb  the  power  of  his  nobles,  and  also  to 
crush  the  Highlands  by  severe  measures.  Tytler  in  his  "  History  of 
Scotland,"  regarding  this  reign,  gives  the  following  description  of  the 
country  at  that  time  : — 

"  Besides  such  Scoto-Norman  barons,  however,  there  were  to  be  found  in  the 
Highlands  and  Isles,  those  fierce  aboriginal  chiefs  who  hated  the  Saxon  and  the 
Norman  race,  and  offered  a  mortal  opposition  to  the  settlement  of  all  intruders 
within  a  country  which  they  considered  their  own.  They  exercised  the  same 
authority  over  the  various  clans  and  septs,  of  which  they  were  the  heads  or  leaders, 
which  the  baron  possessed  over  his  vassals  and  their  military  followers ;  and  the 
dreadful  disputes  and  collisions  which  perpetually  occurred  between  these  distinct 
ranks  of  potentates,  were  accompanied  by  spoliations,  ravages,  imprisonments  and 
murders  which  at  length  became  so  frequent  and  so  far  extended  that  the  whole 
country  beyond  the  Grampian  range  was  likely  to  be  cut  off,  by  these  abuses,  from 
all  regular  communication  with  the  mere  pacific  parts  of  the  Kingdom."  ^ 

Amongst  sundry  enactments  in  the  Parliament  held  in  March  1424, 
the  following  was  issued  : — 

"  46.  Anent  remissions  to  be  given,  and  assithment  or  partie,  Item  it  is  ordained 
be  the  Parliament,  that  quhair  the  King  gives  remissiones  til  onie  man,  with  con- 
dition to  assyth  the  partie  skaithed  and  compleinand ;  That  consideratioon  be  had 

^  Tytler's  '*  History  of  Scotland, "_/frj-/  edition,  vol.  iii.  page  215. 

1436]    Sketch  of  the  Reign  of  King  James  I     37 

of  the  Hieland  men,  the  quhilkis  before  the  Kingis  hame  cumming  commonlie  reft 
and  slew  ilk  ane  utheris ;  hot  in  the  Lawlands  quhair  the  skaithes  done  may  be 
kend  of  all,  or  of  part  that  there  be  chosen  gud  men  and  leil  sworn e  thereto,  to 
modifie  amendis  after  the  qualitie  and  quantitie  of  the  person,  and  of  the  skaithes, 
gif  the  parties  cannot  concorde  be  themselves ;  or  the  quhilks  modificationes,  baith 
the  parties  sail  hald  them  content."  ^ 

Mr  Tytler  thus  comments  on  this  part  of  the  Act : — 

"  It  was  declared  to  be  the  intention  of  the  sovereign  to  grant  a  remission  or 
pardon  of  any  injury  committed  upon  person  or  property  in  the  lowland  districts  of 
his  dominions,  where  the  defaulter  made  reparation,  or,  according  to  the  Scottish 
phrase,  '  assythement,'  to  the  injured  party,  and  where  the  extent  of  the  loss  had 
been  previously  ascertained  by  a  jury  of  honest  aad  faithful  men ;  but  from  this 
rule  the  Highlands  were  excepted,  where  on  account  of  the  practice  of  indis- 
criminate robbery  and  murder  which  had  prevailed,  previous  to  the  return  of  the 
King,  it  was  impossible  to  ascertain  correctly  the  extent  of  the  depredation,  or  the 
amount  of  the  assythement.  The  condition  of  his  northern  dominions,  and  the 
character  and  manners  of  his  Highland  subjects,  whose  allegiance  was  of  so  peculiar 
and  capricious  a  nature,  had  given  birth  to  many  anxious  thoughts  in  the  King,  and 
led  not  long  after  this  to  a  personal  visit  to  these  remote  regions,  which  formed  an 
interesting  episode  in  his  reign."  ^ 

The  murder  of  King  James  I.  by  the  traitor  Graham,  in  February  1436, 
again  plunged  Scotland  into  the  troubles  of  a  long  minority  amidst  rival 
factions  seeking  their  own  interests. 

The  following  entries  relating  to  the  fifteenth  century  are  taken  from 
the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1436-7,  Feb.  18.  King  James  I.  murdered  at  Perth.  Henry  MacGregor 
appears  to  have  been  an  actor  in  the  murder,  and  to  have  suffered  death 
for  his  share  in  that  barbarous  deed.  The  proof  of  this  is  contained  in  a 
charter  2  of  King  James  HI.  in  favour  of  Robert  de  Ros,  dated  14th  August 
1479.  'James  (HI.)  by  the  Grace  of  God,  &c.  :  Whereas  it  hath  lately 
come  to  our  knowledge  that  the  late  Henry  M'^Gregour,  father  of  the  late 
Murdac  Henrisoune,  was  present  at  the  traiterous  and  most  cruel  death  of 
our  late  most  serene  grandfather,  the  most  illustrious  James  I.,  King  of 
Scots,  and  for  this  was  executed,  and  the  said  Murdac,  son  of  this  traitor, 

1  Acts  of  Scottish  Parliament,  King  James  I.,  March  1424. 

^  Tytler's  "History,"  vol.  iii.,  page  197. 

^  From  the  same  Charter  it  appears  that  Murdac  had  no  lawful  issue. 

38  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor     [1440-1484 

had  one  tenement  with  pertinents  lying  in  our  Burgh  of  Perth,  acquired  by 
the  said  Murdac,  &c.'  The  name  Murdac  affords  a  slight  presumption  that 
Henry  McGregour  had  been  a  partisan  of  the  late  unfortunate  Regent  Mur- 
dac, part  of  whose  offences  is  understood  to  have  been  the  alienation  (in 
imitation  of  his  father,  the  previous  Regent)  of  the  Crown  lands. 

**  1440-1,  2ist  June.  Charter  by  King  James  II.  to  John  Menzies,  son  and  heir 
of  David  Menzies  Kt:  and  monk  of  the  Monastery  of  Melrose  and  to  his 
heirs,  of  the  barony  of  Rawir,  Lands  of  Weyme,  Aberfallibeg,  of  Cumrey,  and 
the  lands  of  the  Thanage  of  Crennich  &c. 

"  1440,  Jan.  8.  Charter  by  John  Lockart  of  Bar  to  his  son  Robert  of  the  lands 
of  Bar  in  Ayrshire  witnessed  among  others  by  'Gilb:  Greresoun  '  Register 
of  Great  Seal,  111-148. 

"  1463,  July  5th.  Malcolme  Johnsoun  of  Auchrevach  disponed  his  lands  of 
Auchinrevach,^  lying  in  the  barony  of  Glendochir  and  shire  of  Perth,  to 
Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurchay  Kt  by  charter.  The  charter  by  John- 
soune  is  signed  at  Perth,  and  one  of  the  witnesses  to  it  is  *  Murdacus 

"  King  James  II.,  who  had  succeeded  his  father  at  the  age  of  six,  in  1436  was 
killed  by  a  splinter  from  the  explosion  of  a  gun  at  the  siege  of  Rox- 
burgh, 3d  August  1460,  having  shown  himself  a  sovereign  of  vigour  and 

"  1483,  Feb.  19th.  Donald  Balloch  MacGregor  with  several  others  ordered  by 
the  Lords  Auditors  '  to  content  and  pay  to  the  Prior  and  Convent  2  of  the 
vale  of  Virtue  beside  Perth  the  soume  of  fourty  pund,  aucht  be  him  for  the 
mailes  of  their  landis  in  Athol.' 

"  1484,  Oct.  2 1  St.  In  the  action  and  cause  pursued  by  Schir  Duncan  M'^Gregore, 
Vicar  of  Drumman,  against  James  Arthursoune,  for  the  wrongous  occupation 
and  detention  of  the  mansion  of  Drumman,  and  taking  up  the  fermeze  and 
profits  of  the  said  mansion,  and  for  the  withholding  of  '  ane  vmast  cloth ' 
pertaining  to  the  said  Vicar  by  the  decease  of  Jonet  Badly  and  for  the  with- 
holding of  IDS  of  borrowed  silver.  The  Schir  Duncan  being  present,  and 
the  said  James  being  lawfully  called  and  not  compeired,  the  Lords  decree 
and  deliver  the  said  James  does  wrong  in  the  occupation  of  the  said 
1484,  Oct.  II.  In  an  action  by  Margaret  Lady  Torre  against  Lioune  of  Logy- 
almond  and  others  for  wrongous  occupation  of  the  Manys  of  Logy,  &^  occur 
the  names  of  Alane  Grigsoune  and  Johne  Gregorsoune." 

^  The  Lands  of  Auchinrevach  are  believed  to  have  been  the  earliest  MacGregor  possession  in 
Perthshire.— ^^. 

2  "Charterhouse  of  the  Vale  of  Vertu."  This  and  the  next  three  entries  occur  in  the  "  Acta 
Dominorum  Auditorum,"  formerly  at  Perth. 

Enactments  for  Tranquillising  the  Highlands  39 

King  James  III.  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Sauchie  Burn,  i8th  June, 
1488.  The  notices  of  the  Clan  during  the  previous  stormy  period  are 
meagre.     The  Obituary  has  the  following  entries  : — ^ 

"  1440,  April  20th.  Death  of  Malcolm,  son  of  John  dhu  MacGregor,  at  Glenur- 
quhay,  on  the  20th  of  April ;  he  was  buried  in  the  manner  formerly  mentioned. 

"  1461.  Death  of  Patrick  MacGregor,  Laird  of  Glenstray,^  at  Stronemelochane  ; 
he  was  buried  in  Dysart,  in  the  way  before  mentioned. 

**  1477,  February  17th.     Death  of  Duncan  Beg  MacGregor,  at  Roro."^ 

In  the  first  Parliament  after  the  accession  of  James  IV.,  held  in  Edin- 
burgh, 17th  October  1488, 

"A  determined  effort  was  made  for  the  putting  down  of  theft,  robbery,  and 
murder — crimes  which  were  at  this  moment  grievously  prevalent — by  dividing  the 
kingdom  into  certain  districts,  over  which  were  placed  various  Earls  and  Barons, 
to  whom  full  authority  was  entrusted,  and  who  promised  on  oath  that  they  would, 
to  their  uttermost  power,  exert  themselves  in  the  detection  and  punishment  of  all 

"On  this  occasion,  the  districts  of  'Renfrew,  with  Dumbarton,  the  Lennox, 
Bute  and  Arran,'  were  entrusted  to  the  Earl  of  Lennox,  Lord  Lisle,  and  Matthew 
Stewart ;  Stirlingshire  to  the  Sheriff  of  Stirlingshire  and  James  Shaw  of  Sauchie ; 
Menteith  and  Strathgartney  to  Archibald  Edmonston ;  Glenurquhart,  Glenlyon,  and 
Glenfalloch  to  Neill  Stewart,  with  Duncan  and  Ewin  Campbell ;  Athole,  Strathern, 
and  Dunblane  to  the  Earl  of  Athole,  Lord  Drummond,  and  Robertson  of  Strowan."^ 

The  following  is  the  text  of  part  of  the  enactment : — 

"  Item  anent  the  stanching  of  Theft,  Reft,  and  other  enormities  through  all 
the  realm ;  the  Lords  underwritten  have  made  faith  and  given  their  bodily  oaths 
to  our  Sovereign  Lord  in  this  his  parliament,  that  they,  and  each  of  them,  shall 
diligently  with  all  care  and  besinace,  search  and  seek  where  any  such  trespassers 
are  found  or  known  within  their  bounds,  and  to  take  them  and  justify  them,  or 
make  them  to  be  sent  to  our  Sovereign  Lord  to  be  justified.  And  they  shall 
have  power  of  our  Sovereign  Lord,  under  his  white  wax,  to  take  and  punish  the 
said  trespassers  without  favour  according  to  Justice.  And  also  to  give  them  power 
to  cause  others,  small  Lairds  within  their  bounds,  to  mak  faith  likewise ;  And  to 

1  See  chapter  vi. 

2  Son  of  the  preceding,  and  the  first  mentioned  under  the  designation  of  Glenstray. 

3  The  first  mention  of  the  family  of  Roro  in  the  Obituary.     See  chapter  vi. 
*  Tytler's  "  History,"  vol.  iv.  p.  293. 

"  Abridged  from  tdz'd. 

40  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor     [1499-1502 

rise  and  assist  them  in  the  taking  of  the  said  tresspassers ;  and  this  Act  to  endure 
to  our  Sovereign  Lord's  age  of  xxi  years,  &^" 

"Among  these  Lords  we  find  Duncan  Campbell,  Neille  Stewart,  and  Ewyne 
Campbell  for  Discher,  Toyer,  Glenurquhar,  Rannoch,  Apnadule,  Glenlioun,  Glen- 
falloch."     ("Parliamentary  Record,"  first  Parliament  of  King  James  VL)^ 

"In  1 49 1,  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  had  a  Charter  of  the  Port  and  Isle 
of  Loch  Tay,  and  certain  of  the  King's  lands  adjacent  to  Loch  Tay.  In  1498  he 
had  the  '  Balliary '  of  all  the  King's  lands  of  Discher,  Toyer,  Glenlyon,  and  the 
Barony  of  Glen  Dochart." — (Dr  Joseph  Anderson.) 

"  1499-1500.  Precept  of  Remissioun  to  Patrick  M'^Gregor,  Remittand  to  him 
the  slauchter  of  umquhill  Gillaspy  M'^Neluss,  &^ "  (all  after  crime). 

Continuation  of  the  notices  in  the  public  Records,  after  the  Act  of 
James  IV.'s  first  Parliament,  as  taken  from  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1499-1500,  Decree  at  the  instance  of  Alexander,  Earle  of  Menteith,  against  his 
tenants  of  certain  lands,  Ledard,  Franach,  Dowlochcon,  &'^,  and  amongst 
those  tenants  are  Malcolm  MakGregour  and  John  Dow  Malcolmson,  whose 
names  immediately  follow  that  of  the  others.  Acta  Dominorum  Concilis 
and  Secessionis. 

"  1499-1500,  February  20th.  A  precept  of  Remissioune  for  Patrick  M'^Gregor 
Remittand  him  the  slauchter  of  vmquhile  Gillaspy  M'^Neluss,  and  for  all 
crime  that  may  be  imputed  to  him  zairfoir  alanerlie,  &*^,  the  usual  exceptions 
for  capital  crimes,  treason,  81'^,  following  de  data  xx  Februarij  anno  Regis 
xij.     Registrum  Secreti  II.  4. 

"1500,  December  i6th.  Charter  by  King  James  IV.  at  Stirling  to  Robert 
Porterfield,  son  and  heir  to  John  Porterfield  of  that  Ilk,  and  to  Janet 
Maxwell,  spouse  to  the  said  Robert,  and  lawful  heirs  of  their  body  of  the 
forty  shilling  lands  of  Porterfield,  with  the  liberty  of  the  Burgh  of  Ren- 
frew, reserving  to  the  said  John  a  free  tenement,  and  to  Katherine  'Macgregor' 
('  Nighean  Vic  Gregor '  that  is  daughter  of  MacGregor)  a  reasonable  tierce, 
Register  of  Great  Seal. 

"1501,  June  14th  (13th  year  of  the  reign  of  James  IV.).  Duncan  Campbell 
of  Glenurchy  having  compounded  with  the  King,  and  bound  himself 
for  the  good  order  of  the  inhabitants  of  Discher,  Toyer,  Glenlyoun,  Glen- 
dochart,  Glenlochy,  and  Glencoich,  obtains  a  general  Remission  to  them  all, 
of  all  crimes  committed  by  them  before  the  above  date,  with  the  usual 
exceptions  of  Treason,  Murder,  Fireraising,  and  Rape. 

"  1502,  September  1st.  The  following  lands  let  on  feu  to  Robert  Menzies  of  that 
Ilk  by  Charter  of  our  Lord  the  King,    '  Rannauch,'  viz.,  Downane,  Kin- 

^  Given  in  "Chartulary." 

Mention  made  of  Sundry  MacGregors  41 

claucher,     le    twa    Cammysyrochtis,     Ardlaroch,     Kilquhonane,     Laragne 
(Learan  ?),  Ardlar,  Laragan,  Insula  de  Lochranach,  the  louchies  of  Rannach 
Yrouchy  (Ericht)  ^  cum  aliis  lacubus  et  Insulis  eiusdem  cum  pertinentibus. 
Rentale  Supremi  Domini  nostri  Regis.- 
"  1503,  April  22.     Charter  by  James  IV.  confirming  one  of  same  date  by  John 
Lord  Drummond  of  the  lands  of  Fynlarg  (Finlarig)  in  the  Lordship  of 
Glendochart,  to  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay. 
"1503,   April    22.     Charter   by  James  IV.   of  certain  lands   in   Lordship  of 
Strathire  and  Stewartry  of  Buchquhidder  sold  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle  in  a 
cause  'Argyle  versus  Walter  Buchanan  of  that  Ilk.' 
"1503,  September  21st.     Item  ye  xxi  day  of  September  to  Makgregoris  man 

which  brect  venisoun  to  the  quene  x.  s.  Compot  Thesaur. 
"On  the  8th  June  1504  'Alexander  Robertson  of  Strowan'  and  '  MacGregor 
Inenvich  '  ^  were  noticed  by  the  Parliament  as  charged  with  Treason.  Parliamentary 
Records  of  this  date  '  Probation  of  the  summondis  of  Alexander  Robertson  of  Strowan 
and  Makgregor  Inenvich.  The  said  day  Thomas  Chisholm,  Sheriff  deput,  swor 
in  jugement  that  he  execut  the  summons  of  tresson  upon  Makgregor  Inenvich 
befor  the  said  witnesses  sworne  in  jugement.'  Continuatio  summonitionis  Mak- 
gregor Inenuyck  et  Alexandri  Robertsone  de  Strowane.  Quo  ecciam  die 
Makgregore  Inenuyck  et  Alexro  Robertson  de  Strowane  sehe  vocat  per  tras  dui 
Regis  sub  testimonio  Magni  Sigilli  et  tenore  eiusd  ad  respondere  dicto  supremo 
domino  nostro  Regis  super  certis  proditoriis  actionibus  in  eisdem  Uteris  contentis ; 
et  non  comparentibus  continuantur  ad  decimam  diem  Octobris,  &c." — Parliamentary 

"  1504,  August  I  St.     Item  the  first  day  of  August  to  ane  man  to  pas  with  the 

Kingis  writing  to  Makgregor  9  shillings,  Lord  Treasurer's  books,  commonly 

called  '  Compot  Thesaur,'  doubtless  the  same  as  he  who  had  sent  venison  to 

the  Queen  the  previous  year. 

"1505,  Novr.     Sir  Robert  Menzies  sublet  Rannoch  for  five  years  to  Earl  of 

Huntly,  whose  daughter  he  married. 
"  1506,  August  28th.     Item  the  28th  day  of  August  to  the  Vicar  of  Balquheder 
quhair  the  king  lugeit,  28  shillings. 

"  Item  for  a  cloke  to  the  King  in  Balquheder,  27  shillings  and  8  pence. 
"Item    the    ist   day   of  September   in    Inchcalloun   to   ane    Clarscha 
('Clarsair,' harper),  13s. 

1  Errochd,   "around  which  were   many  broken  men  of  the  ClanGregor." — Red  and  White 
Book  of  Menzies. 

2  These  lands  were  at  some  time  erected  into  the  free  Barony  of  Rannach. — Red  and  White 
Book  of  Menzies. 

^'  Inenvuyche  or  Innervucht  in  Glenlyon. 


42  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [i 506-1 510 

"  Item  the  2d  day  of  September  to  Makgregouris  men  hed  corn  etin  tua 
nychtis,  £^^^  13s.  4d. 

"  Item  to  Makgregouris  servandis  brocht  tua  surches  to  the  King, 
4  shillings. 

"  Item  to  ane  man  to  turs  (pack  up)  tua  surches  of  deir  to  the  Quene  at 
Linlithgow,  4s." 

Lord  Treasurer's  Books  : — 

"  1506,  September  8th.  Item  to  Makgregouris  man  of  bridil  silver  of  ane  horss 
giffen  to  the  King,  13s.     Compot  Theasaur. 

J  "  King  James  IV.  had  been  on  a  hunting  expedition  at  Balquhidder  and 

■•  Strathfillan  in  September  1502.  'Item  the  samyn  nycht  (Sep.  13th).  To 
the  King  at  ye  park  of  Buquheder  to  play  at  ye  cartes  xviijs.'  He  had  that 
day  received  a  present  from  Duncan  Campbell  whose  servant,  the  bearer, 
got  nine  shillings  from  the  King's  Treasurer.  The  Countess  of  Argyll  had 
sent  a  present  to  the  King  on  the  same  day,  and  her  messenger  received  the 
same  sum.  '  Item  ye  xvj.  day  of  September  for  four  hors  in  Strafilane  to  ye 
King  to  rede  to  ye  sete  of  ye  hunting  ixs.'  '  Item  to  the  men  of  the  place 
quhair  ye  king  lay,  and  for  hay  that  was  taen  fra  him  xiijs.'  On  September 
1 8th  is  the  following  entry — '  Item  to  ye  man  that  gydit  the  king  fra  ye  fote 
in  (of)  Bynemore  to  Buquhedder  iijs,'  and  the  following,  'Item  the  samyn 
day  to  ye  vicar  of  Buquheder  quhaire  the  King  baited  xiijs.'  The  King's 
horses  had  on  their  way  to  the  hunting  been  turned,  as  would  seem,  into 
the  vicar's  cornfield,  as  under  14th  September  the  following  entry  occurs — 
'  Item  to  ye  priest  hes  his  corne  etin  with  ye  court  hors,  be  the  Kingis 
command  xiijs.'  Bards  and  minstrels  had  flocked  to  the  Sovereign,  who 
gave  them  various  sums  of  money.^ 

"  1507,  4th  July.  Preceptum  Remissionis  Nigelli  M'^Ane  Moil,  ane  M'^Finlason 
et  Johannis  M'^Leache  pro  receptatione  Patricii"  Duncanbegsone  et  Johannis 
Dow  sui  fratis  &     Apud,  Perth,  4th  July  1507  (Privy  Seal,  iv.  113). 

"  1 5 10,  September  6th.  Preceptum  Remissionis  Donaldis  Robertsoun  pro  com- 
municatione  cum  Johanne  Moill  M'^Gillaspy,  Gilberto  Moil,  et  eorum 
complicibus  et  pro  omnibus  aliis  actionibus  (with  the  usual  exceptions) 

1  A  well-known  tradition  relates  that  on  the  occasion  of  a  Royal  visit  to  MacGregor,  the 
Sovereign,  surprised  at  his  large  following,  asked  how  he  could  afford  to  keep  so  large  a  retinue, 
to  which  the  now  landless  Chief  replied:  "  My  wash  hand  bason  is  sixteen  miles  long,  and  my 
towel  twelve  yards,"  alluding  to  Loch  Tay  and  to  his  belted  plaid.  "Thou  art  greater  than  a 
King,"  is  said  to  have  been  the  reply. — Rev.  Wm.  MacGregor  Sterling. 

^  This  Patrick,  son  of  Duncanbeg  (probably  he  who  died  at  Rorow,  1477),  may  have  been  the 
Patrick  MacGregor  who  is  said  to  have  got  possession  of  Dunan  in  1480.  lie  died  in  Morinch, 

1510-1542]    Reigns  of  King  James  IV.  and  V.    43 

le  data  apud  Tympane  (Tempar)  prope  Lochrannoch,  vj  Septembris  anno 
pro-edicte  (1510)  gratis  Jacobo  Redeheugh  ex  mandate  Domini  per  A. 
Galloway  (Privy  Seal,  iv.  113). 

"1511,  September  i8th.  Charter^  by  Robert  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  to  Sir 
Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay,  among  other  witnesses  has  Domino 
Jac.  M'^Gregoure,  Notario  Publico,-  and  Dugallo  Johneson,  of  same  family. 

"  1512,  October  31st.  Charter  by  Sir  Robert  Menzies  to  his  eldest  son  of  other 
lands  at  the  west  end  of  Loch  Tay.  Kynnaldy,  now  called  Kinnell,  which 
embraced  Killin  at  this  time  and  also  the  lands  of  Moreyinche." — Red  and 
White  Book  of  Menzies,  by  D.  R.  Menzies,  F.S.A.,  Scot.,  1894.  The 
quotations  are  given  by  express  permission  of  the  Author. 

In  the  reign  of  James  IV.  great  progress  was  made  tovi^ards  the  general 
pacification  of  the  country. 

"  The  policy  which  he  adopted  was,  to  separate  and  weaken  the  clans  by 
arraying  them  in  opposition  to  each  other,  to  attach  to  his  service  by  rewards  and 
preferment  some  of  their  ablest  leaders,  to  maintain  a  correspondence  with  the 
remotest  districts,  and  gradually  to  accustom  their  fiercest  inhabitants  to  habits  of 
pacific  industry,  and  a  respect  for  the  restraints  of  the  laws."  For  the  purpose  of 
quieting  the  lowland  districts  the  king  adopted  a  system  of  engaging  the  most 
powerful  of  the  resident  nobles  and  gentry  in  a  covenant  or  band  which  under 
severe  penalties  obliged  them  to  maintain  order  throughout  the  country."  ^  Proud 
of  the  success  attending  his  efforts  James  IV.  set  out  "  on  horseback  unaccompanied 
even  by  a  groom,  with  nothing  but  his  riding  cloak  cast  about  him,  his  hunting 
knife  at  his  belt,  and  six  and  twenty  pounds  for  his  traveUing  expenses  in  his  purse. 
He  rode,  in  a  single  day,  from  Stirling  to  Perth  across  the  Mounth,  and  through 
Aberdeen  to  Elgin." 

But  in  the  disastrous  year  15 13  King  James  IV.  and  the  "flower  of  his 
nobility"  unfortunately  fell  at  Flodden,  while  his  only  son  was  still  an  infant. 

The  minority  of  James  V.  was  a  time  of  great  trouble  to  the  nation, 
and  little  heed  was  taken  of  the  Highlands.  In  1528  many  contentions 
occurred  in  the  Isles,  and  the  King  showed  much  skill  in  conciliating  the 
island  chiefs.  But  other  troubles  occupied  the  King's  short  life,  and 
wearied  and  worn  he  expired  in  the  thirty-first  year  of  his  age,  on  the  13th 
December  1542. 

1  The  lands  conveyed  by  this  Charter  were  those  of  Crandyncht  or  Crannoch,  north-west  side 
of  Loch  Tay. 

2  See  later,  Sir  James  M^^Gregor,  Dean  of  Lismoir. 
^  Tytler's  "History,"  1st  edition,  vol.  v. 

Chapter  V 

15th  Century — Various  Conflicts 

"  Baronage,"  continued  from  page  12. 

"  "TV  yT  ALCOLM  (son  of  Gregor  Aulin)  succeeded  his  father,  but  dying  soon 
iSjL  after  unmarried,  in  1420,  was  succeeded  by  his  second  brother. 
"XIII.i  John  MacGregor  of  that  Ilk  (formerly  of  Brackly),  a  man  of  very 
martial  spirit.  In  his  days  the  Knight  of  Lochovv  found  means  to  stir  up  the 
M*^Nabs  to  insult  the  MacGregors,  in  consequence  of  which,  a  party  of  the  latter 
fought  the  Clan  an  Abba  at  Chrianlarich,  and  cut  them  off  almost  to  a  man. 
Lochow,  having  on  that  pretence  obtained  letters  of  fire  and  sword  against  both 
Clans,  got  military  force  to  assist  him  in  reducing  them ;  and,  after  many  bloody 
skirmishes,  fought  in  conjunction  by  both,  in  which  many  of  their  enemies  were 
destroyed,  they  in  the  end  lost  part  of  their  lands,  which  the  Knight  of  Lochow 
and  his  friends  assumed  possession  of.  {'■^  Scots  Magazine,  May  1768,  p.  226; 
observation  on  Act  4,  Parliament  ist. — James  I.). 

"  John  married  a  daughter  of  the  Laird  of  M'^Lachlan,  and  died  in  1461,  leaving 
three  sons — 

(i)  Malcolm,  his  heir. 

(2)  Gregor  of  Breachd-sHabh. 

(3)  John. 

"  Margaret,  his  daughter,  married  Lauchlan  mor  Macquarie,  Chief  of  that  Clan. 
John  died  anno  1461,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son, 

"XIV.  Malcolm,  who  lived  in  the  reigns  of  King  James  III.  and  IV.  In  this 
Laird's  days,  the  MacGregors  lost  many  more  of  their  lands.  They  had  been 
provoked  to  chastise  the  MacNabs,  in  a  manner  not  at  all  unusual  in  every  corner 
of  the  Highlands  in  those  days ;  but,  as  they  had  never  been  disloyal  to  the  Royal 
Family,  they  considered  the  letters  of  fire  and  sword,  obtained  as  above,  as  marking 
them  rebels,  "  not  by  their  own  acts,  but  by  the  act  of  their  sovereign  or  of  his 
ministers,"  and  because  they  did  not  tamely  yield  possession  of  their  lands  to  the 
King's  forces,  whom  they  looked  upon  as  the  executive  tools  of  ambitious  in- 

^  The  numbers  in  the  "Baronage"  refer  to  the  different  generations,  not  to  individual  suc- 

Genealogical  45 

dividuals,  his  Majesty,  by  insiduous  information  (and  because  the  MacGregors  had 
been  formidable  adherents  to  his  father,  James  III.,  against  the  faction  which  he, 
while  Prince,  had  headed,  and  which  proved  the  death  of  his  late  Majesty),  was 
much  incensed  against  them. 

"In  consequence  of  which  they  lost  great  part  of  their  lands.  Seuraas  Beg, 
descended  from  a  natural  son  of  the  Duke  of  Albany,  possessed  himself  of  the 
country  of  Balquhidder,  and  several  other  lands,  and  Sir  Colin  Campbell,  as  second 
son  of  the  Knight  of  Lochow,  became  Laird  of  Glenurquhay.  They  lost  the  lord- 
ship of  Glendochart,  the  extensive  lands  and  Baileries  of  the  countries  of  Desser 
(Deasser)  and  Tuar  (Tuath) — the  south  and  north  sides  of  Loch  Tay — Glenlyon,  the 
Port  of  Loch  Tay,  the  country  of  Rannoch,  the  Barony  of  Finlarig,  "  with  the 
Castle,  town,  and  fortalice,"  the  lands  of  Shian,  Balloch — now  called  Taymouth — 
and  Achrioch,  &a.,  &a.,"  mter  annos  1465  and  1504.^ 

The  "  Baronage  "  states  that  Malcolm  was  first  married  to  a  daughter 
of  Macintosh,  by  whom  he  had  a  son,  James,  his  heir  (and  several  daughters), 
but  this  is  an  error  explained  on  next  page.  His  immediate  successor  was 
his  brother,  Gregor  Mor. 

The  Latin  history  of  the  Alpinian  family  appears  to  have  ended  about 
the  time  of  Gregor  X.,  1248.^  After  Malcolm  XIV.  the  article  in  the 
"  Baronage"  falls  unintentionally  into  misleading  errors  for  several  genera- 
tions. The  genealogy  is  very  complicated,  but  the  patient  investigations 
of  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  throw  considerable  light  upon  it.  The  care 
with  which  he  worked  out  his  researches,  and  the  conclusions  to  which  they 
led,  can  be  exemplified  from  his  correspondence  with  the  late  Sir  Evan. 
In  December  1824  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  had  drawn  up  a  genealogical 
tree,  in  which  Malcolm,  No.  XIV.  of  the  "  Baronage,"  is  shewn  succeeded 
by  a  son  James  as  above  mentioned,  and  that  James,  followed  by  two 
legitimated  sons.  But  in  a  letter  of  the  i6th  March  1825  he  wrote  that 
'  Dominus  Jacobus  MacGregor,  31st  January  1557-8,"  who  he  and  Mr 
Gregory  had  imagined  to  have  been  "James  MacGregor  of  that  Ilk," 
turned  out  to  be  the  Dean  of  Lismore,  Again,  on  the  14th  April  1825, 
Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  wrote — 

"The  accident  of  an  inaccurate  copy  of  a  voucher,  dated  157 1  instead  of  1671, 
has,  in  the  printed  history  of  the  Gregorian  race,  perplexed  the  genealogy  for  more 

^  Many  of  these  lands  had  been  granted  to  others  much  earlier  than  this  period. 
^   Vide  page  20. 

46  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

than  a  century.  It  is  now  ascertained  that  James  MacGregor  of  that  Ilk,  who 
entered  into  a  bond  of  friendship  with  Lachlan  McFingon  of  Strathardle,  was  that 
Laird  of  MacGregor  who  had  Malcolm  Douglas  for  tutor,  and  for  whose  name  we 
were  at  a  loss."^ 

Returning  to  the  "  Baronage,"  and  passing  over  the  two  next  erroneous 
personages,  we  have  this  account  of  Gregor  Mor  : — 

"XIV.  Gregor  Mor  or  the  Great,  second  son  of  John  MacGregor  of  that  Ilk,  to 
whom  his  father  gave  the  lands  of  Breachd-sliabh,  commonly  called  Brackly,  in 
Glenurchy,  with  a  numerous  following  of  men.-  He  lived  in  the  reigns  of  King 
James  III.  and  IV.,  and,  grieved  at  the  oppression  of  his  family  and  friends,  he 
raised  his  men,  and,  making  several  successful  expeditions  against  their  enemies, 
recovered  possession  of  a  large  tract  of  country  called  Glen  Lochy,  the  forest  of 
Corrychaick,  the  lands  of  Ardeonaig,  and  several  others  on  the  side  of  Loch  Tay, 
which  his  descendants  enjoyed  till  the  reign  of  James  IV. 

"Gregor  took  to  wife  Finvola  or  Flora,  daughter  to  McArthur  of  Strachur,  by  a 
daughter  of  the  family  of  Argyll,  ancestor  of  the  present  Colonel  Campbell  of 

"  By  this  lady  he  had  four  sons  and  several  daughters. 

1.  Duncan,  his  heir. 

2.  Gregor,  a  captain  of  great  reputation,  who,  having  come  to  the   south 

country,  performed  several  valiant  actions  against  the  English  Borderers 
in  conjunction  with  his  cousins  the  Griersons  of  Lag. 

3.  Malcolm,  a  man  of  great  prudence  and  valour,  famous  for  his  dexterity  in 

all  manly  exercises,  and  in  great  esteem  with  Alexander,  Earl  of  Mar,  at 
whose  request  he  raised  his  patrimony  from  his  brother,  and  acquired 
the  lands  of  Inverey,  with  several  others  in  Brea-Mar,  where  he  settled. 
He  married  a  daughter  of  Dougal  Lamont  of  Stiolaig  (by  a  daughter  of 
the  family  of  Bute),  by  whom  he  had  several  children ;  the  eldest  of 
whom,  Alexander,  acquired  the  lands  of  Cherry,  Killach,  Dalcherz, 
Balachby,  &c. 

There  are  several  good  families,  and  some  hundreds  of  commoners, 
of  this  branch  of  the  MacGregors  in  Brae-Mar  and  the  adjoining  countries 
to  this  day ;  but  during  the  general  persecution  they  lost  their  lands, 
and  betook  themselves  to  several  different  names,  as  Ogilvies, 
Gordons,  &a.^ 

^  /.«.,  James  MacGregor,  last  of  the  line  of  John  Dhu  Nan  Lurag  ;  died,  probably  about  1678. 

2  The  "Baronage"  does  not  quote  its  authority  for  these  statements.  If  Gregor  Mor  survived  his 
brother  and  became  chief,  it  would  account  for  his  numerous  following. 

^  Curious  history  of  this  family,  by  John  Gregory  penes  Mr  John  Murray.  (Extant.) 

Genealogical  47 

4.  John,  who  afterwards  got  the  lands  of  Brackly  from  his  eldest  brother.^ 

"  XV.  Duncan,  called  Ladasach,  or  "  the  complete  hero,"  ^  succeeded — a  man 
of  resolution,  much  celebrated  by  the  bards.  He  lived  for  some  time  with  his 
uncle  Strachur,  in  the  Island  of  Orann  in  Glenfalloch,  and  did  him  the  good 
service  of  reducing  the  Macilvanes,  a  tribe  who  possessed  some  lands  of  Strachur's, 
without  any  acknowledgment.  Thereafter  he  acquired  the  lands  of  ArdchoilP 
(which  belonged  to  Strachur),  and  several  others  in  Breadalbane,  besides  his  former 
possessions,  upon  which  he  gave  those  of  Brackly  to  his  younger  brother,  John,^ 
as  before  observed.  He  took  to  wife  Mary,^  daughter  to  the  Laird  of  Ardkinlas, 
ancestor  of  Sir  James  Campbell  of  Ardkinlas,  by  a  daughter  of  the  family  of  Argyll, 
by  whom  he  had  two  sons  : — 

I.  Gregor,  his  heir." 

Another  son,  John,  is  mentioned  on  the  authority  of  a  charter  wit- 
nessed by  "domino  Joanne  MacGregor,  militi,"  but  this  is  a  mistake,  as  the 
John  in  question  was  John  MacEwin  Vic  Allaster  of  Glenstray,  see  page  32. 
Details  of  the  history  and  tragical  end  of  Duncan  and  his  eldest  son  will 
be  given  farther  on.     There  were  other  sons  : — 

"  2.  Malcolm,  who  perished  with  his  father  and  brother.^ 

3.  Duncan  Gig  Laddosoun.^ 

4.  Patrick  Dow  M'^Gregor  Vic  Duncan  Laddosach,  murdered  in  Balquhidder, 

4th  Oct.  1574,  by  the  Clan  Dowilchayr." 

Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray,  with  the  scanty  sources  of  information 
then  in  his  possession,  had  not  only  been  led  by  the  wrongly  dated 
voucher  into  the  error  of  giving  a  son  James  as  the  successor  to 
Malcolm  XIV.,  but  supposed  this  James  to  have  been  the  father  of  the 
Alexander  MacGregor  who  was  the  leader  in  the  celebrated  battle  of 
Glenfruin ;  whereas  that  leader  was  Glenstray,  of  a  different  line.     Re- 

1  His  descendants  continued  on  the  lands  of  Brackley  for  many  generations,  and  his  line  is 

often  mistaken  for  that  of  Duncan  Ladasach. 

^  The  Gaelic  word  signifies  rather  "rich,"  "Lordly" — laoch  is  the  Gaelic  for  "hero." 

^  From  the  name  of  this  property  came  the  "slogan"  or  war  cry  of  the  ClanGregor,  although 

some  of  the  families,  according  to  a  MS.  by  Pont,  preserved  in  the  Lyon  Office,  used  the  motto, 

"Bad  Guibhas"  or  "Clump  of  Firs." — "  Chartulary." 

*  It  is  probable  that  there  may  have  been  a  confusion  of  names  here,  as  a  Glenstray  is  known 
to  have  married  into  this  family. 

*  Vide  Notice  in  the  Obituary,  as  given  later,  and  Duncan  Oig  (Young)  Ladossoune  (son  of 
Laddeus)  is  also  mentioned  in  the  Records,  1562-63,  &c.     See  Chapter  XVL 

48  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

turning  to  Chapter  IV.,  where  the  entries  are  given  from  the  Obituary 
under  date  141 5,  mentioning  the  deaths  of  two  sons  of  John  Cham  (see 
page  16),  there  appears  some  reason  to  beheve  that  Gregor  Aulin,  whose 
line  has  been  traced  on  as  far  as  Duncan  Ladosach  and  his  son,  was  the 
elder  brother,  and  the  argument  sustained  by  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  is 
that  Gregor's  descendants,  eventually  Glencarnoch,  and  through  him  the 
present  Chief,  Sir  Malcolm,  carry  down  the  representation  from  the  early 
Chiefs  by  right  of  blood  as  the  eldest  line.^ 

We  have  now  to  trace  the  House  of  Glenstray,  or  Clan  Dowlagneir,  a 
distinctive  name  occurring  in  the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth,  and  supposed 
to  be  derived  from  "  Dubh  Lag  an  lar  " — Black  Hollow  of  the  West.  The 
authority  for  the  Founder  of  the  House,  and  for  the  first  succeeding  genera- 
tions, is  the  repeatedly  quoted  Obituary,  or  Chronicle  of  Fortingal.  (See 
Chapter  VIH.) 

"  I.  John  dhu  M'^Ean  Cham  Vic  Gregor,  brother  of  Gregor  (Aulin),  and 
mentioned  (page  21)  as  having  died  at  Stromelochane,  141 5. 

"  II.  Death  of  Malcolm,  son  of  John  dhu  MacGregor,  at  Glenurquhy,  on  the 
20th  April  in  yhe  year  1440;  he  was  buried  in  the  manner  formerly 

There  is  evidence  that  he  had  a  brother  Allaster  (to  be  noticed 
farther  on). 

"  III.  Death  of  Patrick  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  at  Stronemelochane,  on  the 
24th  of  May  in  the  year  1440.  He  was  buried  at  Dysart  in  the  way 
formerly  mentioned. 

"  IV.  Death  of  John  dhu  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  son  of  Patrick,  at  Strone- 
melochane, on  the  24th  May  in  the  year  15 19. 

His  son  predeceased  him,  and  is  thus  mentioned  in  the  Obituary — 

"  Death  of  Malcolm  MacGregor,  son  and  heir  of  John  MacGregor  of  Glenstray, 
at  Glenlyon.  He  was  buried  in  Dysart,  South  of  the  Altar,  in  a  stone 
coffin,  on  the  22nd  of  June  1498.'- 

On  the  death  of  John  Dow,  in   15 19,  the  representation  of  this  line 

^  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray  recognised  Glenstray  as  the  Chief,  but  supposed  him  to  be  a 
grandson  of  Malcolm  XIV^ 

^  It  is  remarkable  that  all  of  this  line  continued  to  be  buried  at  Dysart  in  Glenurchy. 

Genealogical  49 ' 

passed  to  his  heir  and  successor,  John  M'^Ewin  M^Allaster,  his  second 
cousin.^     Contemporary  with  Gregor  Mor,  XIV. 

In  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  Book,-  the  genealogy  of  this  John  dhu 
M*^Gregor  of  Glenstray  is  given  in  old  Gaelic,^  with  the  following 
translation : — 

"  John,  son  of  Patrick,  son  of  Malcom,  son  of  John,  the  black  son  of  John, 
son  of  Gregor,  son  of  John,  son  of  Malcom,  son  of  Duncan  the  little,  son  of  Duncan 
from  Srulee,  son  of  Gilelan,"*  son  of  Hugh  of  Urchy,  son  of  Kenneth,  son  of  Alpin; 
and  this  Kenneth  was  head  King  of  Scotland,  in  truth,  at  that  time ;  and  this  John 
is  the  eleventh  man  from  Kenneth,  of  whom  I  spoke.  And  Duncan  the  servitor, 
son  of  Dougal,  son  of  John  the  grizzled,  wrote  this  from  the  books  of  the  genea- 
logists of  the  kings,  and  it  was  done  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  five 
hundred  and  twelve." 

The  genealogy  is  here  reversed  for  greater  distinctness  : — 

"  Alpin. 


Hugh  of  Urchy. 

William  (see  "  Baronage,"  No.  IX.),  or  Gillefealan. 

Duncan  a  Strwlee  (see  p.  14);  he  was  probably  the  second  son. 

Duncan  beg  (see  same  page). 

Malcolm   (see   No.    XL   of   "Baronage,"   and   page    11,   or,    more   probably, 

Malcolm  VIII.). 
John  (not  mentioned  in  "  Baronage  "). 
Gregor  do.  do. 

John  (Cham).     (Died  1390,  page  15.) 
John  Doef  (or  dhu).     (Died  in  1415.     Had  a  brother  Gregor,  who  also  died 

in  1415.) 
Malcolm.     (Died  in  1440  as  above.     Had  a  brother  Allaster.) 
Patrick.     (Died  May  1440  as  above.) 
John  (dhu).     (Died  in  1519  as  above.) 

^  See  Genealogical  Table  at  end  of  chapter. 

^  From  the  MS.  collection  made  by  Sir  James  MacGregor,  Dean  of  Lismore,  in  the  beginning 
of  the  sixteenth  century;  edited  with  translation  by  Revd.  Thomas  M'^Lauchlan,  1862.  The 
Obituary  had  been  previously  printed  in  the  "  Archseologia  Scotica,"  vol.  iii.  (see  page  25). 

^  "Eone  Macphadrick  vec  Voylchallum  vec  Eonedoef  vec  Gregor  vac  Eone  vec  Woilchallum 
vec  Conquhy  veg  vec  Conquhy  a  Strwlee  vec  Illehane*  vec  Ey  Urquhaych  vec  Kennane  vec 

■*  Mr  Skene  reads  this  name  as  Gillefealan  (it  seems  probable) :  William  in  modern  Gaelic  is 

50  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

The  Bard  may  be  assumed  to  have  had  accurate  information  about 
the  late  generations,  although  he  skipped  over  several  ancestors  prior 
to  Hugh  of  Urchy.  The  Latin  MS.  followed  in  the  "  Baronage,"  was 
probably  the  labour  of  a  monk  or  ecclesiastic  of  the  name  of  MacGregor. 
It  has  been  found,  by  the  scrutiny  of  sundry  ancient  chronicles,  that  the 
monks  sometimes  drew  on  their  fertile  imaginations  ;  but,  although  some 
generations  may  have  been  omitted  by  them  also,  and  the  names  mixed 
up,  the  accounts  of  the  various  Chiefs,  as  related  in  this  MS.,  were 
probably  founded  on  old  traditions  ;  and  thus  the  two  pedigrees  embody 
all  that  can  now  be  known  about  the  early  days  of  the  Clan's  heroes. 
We  reach  solid  and  perfectly  reliable  ground  in  the  Obituary  of  the 
Chronicle  of  Fortingall.  On  the  next  page  a  Genealogical  Table  of 
Ian  Cham's  immediate  descendants  is  given. 

As  remarked  by  Mr  Skene  in  a  note  to  the  genealogy — 

"  It  is  obvious  that  a  number  of  generations  are  omitted,  not  even  excepting  the 
ancestor  who  gave  his  name  to  the  clan.  The  omission  of  generations  is  by  no 
means  an  uncommon  feature  in  traditional  genealogies." 

The  circumstance  that  Malcolm  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  who  died  in 
1440,  had  a  brother,  and  that  his  name  was  Allaster,  has  been  made  out 
from  the  patronymics  of  his  grandson,  given  in  a  genealogy  occurring  in 
the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth. 

We  therefore  return  to  the  said 

II.  Allaster,  younger  brother  of  Malcolm,^  and  thus  younger  son  of 
John  Dhu  M'^Ean  Cham  VicGregor.     (See  previous  page.) 

III.  Ewine,  cousin-german  of  Patrick  of  Glenstray,  his  existence 
being  traced  in  the  same  way. 

IV.  John  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  second  cousin  and  heir  to  the 
last  of  the  same  name,  who  died  in  15 19. 

Against  this  individual,  as  John  Macgregor  of  Glenstray,  a  claim  was 
brought  by  the  widow  of  his  predecessor. 

1  The  evidence  of  the  connection  of  John  MacGregor  of  Glensbrae  with  his  predecessor  is  suffi- 
ciently clear  to  all  who  have  studied  Highland  genealogies  and  their  patronymics.  Finding  that 
John,  son  of  Ewan,  son  of  Alastair,  is  heir  to  John,  son  of  Patrick,  son  of  Malcolm,  son  of  John  Dhu, 
the  conclusion  to  be  drawn  is,  that  Alastair  must  also  have  been  a  son  of  John  Dhu,  and  that 
through  him  came  the  claim  to  the  property.     See  page  52. 



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52  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"  1522-23,  February  9th.  Anent  the  actioune  and  causs  persewit  be  Marioune 
Stewart  ye  Relict  of  umq'*'  Johnne  M'Gregour  of  Glenstra  his  air  and  suc- 
cessor "  the  reduction  relates  to  the  "  fermes  and  profittis  of  the  lands  of 
Edindarnycht,"  being,  as  appears,  part  of  the  estate  of  Glenstrae  ("  Char- 
tulary  "). 

"  1522,  Feb.  9.  Action  pursued  by  Marioune  Stewart,  relict  of  Jon  M'Gregour  of 
Glenstra,  against  John  M'Gregor,  his  heir  and  successor,  to  content  and 
pay  to  the  said  Marioune  the  fermes  and  profits  of  the  lands  of  Glendarnycht, 
in  the  Earldom  of  Argyle,  and  shire  of  the  same,  pertaining  to  her  in 
conjunct  fee,  of  the  terms  of  Whitsunday  and  Martinmas  15 19,  extending 
to  seven  bolls  of  oatmeal,  price  of  the  boll  i6s. ;  four  bolls  of  beir,  price  ot 
the  boll  20s. ;  twelve  stone  of  cheese,  price  of  the  stone  4od.,  one  mart, 
price  40s. ;  and  four  wedders,  price  of  the  piece  6s.  and  8d.  The  said 
Marioun,  compeared  by  Robert  Leslie,  her  procurator,  and  the  said  John 
M'Gregor  did  not  compear.  The  Lords  of  Council  continued  the  action 
to  the  24th  May  next  to  come." — From  the  "  Acta  Dominorum  Concila." 

He  married  a  daughter  of  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurchy,  Knight,  by 
a  daughter  of  Luke  Stirling  of  Keir,  Sir  Colin's  fourth  wife.^  From  the 
Obituary  : — 

"  1528,  April  1 2th.  Death  of  John  MacGregor  M'Ewine,  Captain  of  the  Clan- 
Gregor  of  Glenstray,  who  died  of  good  memory,  at  Achallader  in  Glen- 
urquhay,  on  Easter  Day,  the  12th  of  April,  in  the  year  1528  ;  he  was  buried 
in  Dysart,  as  others  of  his  name  used  to  be.  May  God  have  care  of  his 

This  family  of  the  ClanGregor  having  become  connected  with  the 
Glenurchay  family,  the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  gives  a  genealogy  of 
it.     According  to  this  the  marriage  of 

"'Johnne  Makewin  Vic  Allaster  M'Gregour  with  Helene  Cambell,  dochter  to 
Sir  Coline  Campbell  of  Glenurchay,  Knight,  and  widow  of  Lochbuy,'  was  not  per- 
fectly regular,  but  it  must  have  been  condoned,  for  the  Campbells  of  Glenurchay 
afterwards  favoured  the  Glenstray  family  ;  and  it  may  have  been  in  consequence  of 
the  Campbell  support  that  Glenstray  became  Captain.  With  regard  to  Sir  Colin's 
son-in-law  the  Black  Book  has  the  following  notice  :  '  The  foresaid  Johne  wes  not 
righteous  air  to  the  M'Gregour,  bot  wes  principal  of  the  Clandowlagniar.'"^ 

^  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  and  "  Stirlings  of  Keir,"  by  William  Fraser,  1858. 

^  In  another  part  of  the  "Black  Book  of  Taymouth,"  enumerating  the  wives  of  Sir  Colin 
Campbell,  first  of  Glenurquhay,  it  is  stated  that  Sir  Colin  married  fourth  "  Margaret  Stirling, 
dochter  to  the  Laird  of  Keir,  by  whom  he  had  ane  dochter  callit  Helene  Campbell,  quha  wes  first 
mareit  on  Makeane  of  Arnamurroch,  and  thairefter  on  Makgregoure." 

Genealogical  5  3 

This  remark  on  John  M'Ewin's  position  is  not  understood  as  casting  a 
doubt  on  his  legitimacy,  but  as  implying  that  he  was  head  of  his  branch 
only  of  the  Clan.^ 

"  Details  of  the  Glenstray  Family,  from  the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth,  Johne 
Makewin  V'Allaster  M'^Gregour,  in  anno  .  .  .  ravischet  Helene  Campbell, 
dochter  to  Sir  Coline  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay,  Knight.  This  Helene  Campbell 
wes  widow  and  lady  of  Lochbuy,  and  scho  wes  ravischet.  The  foresaid  Johne 
wes  not  righteous  air  to  the  M'^Gregour,  bot  wes  principall  of  the  Clan- 

"  This  Johne  M'Ewin  begat  upon  the  foirsaid  Helene,  AUaster  M'^Gregour  of 
Glenstray,  quha  mariet  ane  dochter  of  the  laird  of  Ardkinglass,  being  widdow  to 
M'^Nachtan  of  Dundaraw. 

"This  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstray  begat  upon  the  said  dochter  of  the  Laird 
of  Ardkinglass,  Johne  M'Gregour  of  Glenstray  and  Gregour  Roy,  his  brother. 
The  said  Johne  diet  of  the  hurt  of  an  arrow  going  betuix  Glenlyoun  and 

"  Gregour  Roy,  his  brother,  succeidit  to  him.  The  said  Gregour  Roy  mariet  the 
Laird  of  Glenlyoun's  dochter,  and  begat  upon  her  Allaster  Roy  M'Gregour  and 
Johne  Dow  M'Gregour,  his  brother.  This  foresaid  Gregour  Roy  wes  execute  be 
Coline  Campbell  of  Glenurchay. 

"Allaster  Roy  M'Gregour  succeidit  to  the  foirsaid  Gregour,  his  Father,  and  had 
no  children  bot  ane  dochter.  This  Allaster  Roy  M'^Gregour  wes  execute  and 
hangit  at  the  mercat  Croce  of  Edinburgh,  and  forfaultit  in  anno  1604. 

"  Johne  Dow  M'^Gregour,  brother  to  the  said  Allaster  M'^Gregour,  mariet  ane 
dochter  of  the  Laird  of  Strowane  Murrayis,  and  begat  upon  her  Gregour,  Patrik 
and  Ewin  M'Gregouris.  This  Johne  Dow  M'^Gregour  wes  slaine  in  Glenfrune  be 
the  Laird  of  Luss,  anno  1602." 

By  the  said  Helen  Campbell,  relict  of  Lochbuy  (M'^Lean),  John 
MacGregor  of  Glenstray  left  three  sons  : — 

1.  John,  who  with  his  father  witnessed  a  grant  by  the  Earl  of  Argyle 

to Campbell,  of  the  lands  of  the  Phanans,  but  nothing  is 

known  of  him  beyond  this  solitary  notice. 

2.  Allaster,  who  succeeded  his  father,  as  is  believed. 

3.  Gregor,  who   predeceased   his  father,  and  whose  death  is  thus 

recorded  in  the  Obituary  : — 

1  See  Chapter  X. 

54  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"1526,  July  31.  Death  of  Gregor,  son  of  John  MacGregor, 
alias  M'^Ewine  M'^Allaster  of  Glenstray,  at  the  Isle  of 
Loch  Rannoch ;  he  was  buried  in  Dysart,  in  a  stone 
coffin,  on  the  north  side  of  the  High  Altar  of  Glenstray, 
on  the  last  day  of  July  in  the  year  1526.  May  his  soul 
rest  in  peace." 

This  Gregor  left  a  son,  AUaster,  who  became  ancestor  of  the  MacGregors 
of  Ardlarich,^  a  very  important  branch  of  the  Clan  in  Rannoch.- 

V.  Allaster^  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstray,  son  of  John  M^Ewine  MacGregor, 
was  formally  infeoffed  in  Glenstray  in  1528,  which,  including  Stron- 
melochan,  amounted,  as  appears  from  the  enfeoffment,  to  twenty  merks 
old  extent.  He  "  mariet  ane  dochter  of  (Campbell)  the  Laird  of  Ardin- 
glass,  being  widdow  to  M'^Nachtan  of  Dundaraw  " — B.  B.  of  Taymouth — 
and  left  four  sons,  or  more — 

1.  John,  his  heir. 

2.  Gregor  Roy,  who  succeeded  his  brother. 

3.  Ewin,  Tutor  of  Glenstray. 

4.  Allaster   Gait  (or  the   Travelled),  mentioned   in   Record  as  the 

"  Brother  to  the  Laird  of  MacGregor."  He  lived  in  Culquhirrilan. 
He  had  five  sons — 

1.  Allaster. 

2.  John  Dhu  M*^ Allaster,  in  Cannoquhan. 

3.  Duncan  M'^Allaster  Gait. 

4.  Patrick  M^Allaster  Gait. 

5.  Gregor   M^Allaster   Gait,  executed   at   Edinburgh,   28th 

July  1612. 

5.  Duncan  na  Glen  of  Phanean,  so  styled  in  Bail  Bond,  22nd  April 

1 60 1,  by  his  nephew,  Alexander  McGregor  of  Glenstray,  and 
mentioned  elsewhere  as  "  Duncan  McGregor  in  Glen,  Brother  to 
the  Laird  of  M'^Gregor."     He  had  sons — 

^  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling's  MS.  History  of  the  House  of  Glenstrae,  from  which  this  list  is 

-  To  be  hereafter  enumerated. 

^  Born,  according  to  the  Chronicle  of  Fortingall,  in  1525. 

Genealogical  5  5 

1.  Gregor,  a  famous  soldier. 

2.  Patrick. 

6.  Patrick  our  (or  Dun)  (and  Mor),  in  Cadderlie  or  Caddernoch  in 

1.  Allaster  M^Patrick  in  Cadderine. 

2.  John  Dhu. 

3.  Duncan. 

It  is  recorded  in  the  Continuation  of  the  Chronicle  of  Fortingall 
that — "1543,  31st  August.  The  House  of  Trochray  in  Strathbran  was 
burnt  by  Alexander  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstray." 

VI.  John  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  in  which  property  he  never  was 
infeofifed.  He  died  of  the  hurt  of  an  arrow,  without  issue,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  brother. 

VI.  Gregor  Roy  of  Glenstray,  who  was  never  enfeoffed  in  the  property 
either.     Of  him  hereafter.^ 

1  See  Chapter  XVIII. 

Chapter  VI 

THE  so-called  Chronicle  of  Fortingall,  compiled  by  James  MacGregor, 
Vicar  of  Fortingall  and  Dean  of  Lismoir,  contains  a  most  valuable 
abstract  of  the  contemporaneous  history  of  the  ClanGregor,  and  therefore 
it  is  here  given,  omitting  many  entries  not  connected  with  the  Clan.  The 
Chronicle  was  continued  from  1531  by  the  Curate  of  Fortingall.  The 
first  portion  was  published  in  the  original  Latin,  with  a  translation  by 
Mr  Gregory,  in  1831,  and  advantage  of  this  translation  has  been  taken  on 
the  next  page,  whilst  the  latter  part  has  been  copied  from  the  Black  Book 
of  Taymouth,  merely  translating  the  few  words  of  Latin. 

Translation   of  Dean    MacGregor's    Chronicle,^   by  Donald  Gregory, 
Esq. : — 

"  1092.  Death  of  Malcolm  Kenmoir,  the  elder  ^  King  of  Scotland,  at  Alnwick. 
And  Qwiene  Margret  heir  and  the  deid  of  hir  husband  died  within  thre 
dais  thairefter  in  the  said  year.  The  translation  of  Queen  Margaret  was 
in  the  year  1092. 

"  1107.  Death  of  Edgar,  King  of  Scotland,  at  Dundee.  He  reigned  nine  years 
and  three  months. 

"  1 1 24.  Death  of  Alexander  I.,  King  of  Scotland,  in  Striweleich.  He  reigned 
eighteen  years  and  three  months. 

"  1 1 53.  Death  of  David  I.,  King  of  Scotland,  at  Carlisle.  He  reigned  twenty- 
nine  years  and  twenty  days.  He  died  on  the  9th  of  the  Kalends  of  June, 
and  was  buried  at  Dunfermlyne  before  the  great  altar. 

"  1 165.  Death  of  Malcolm  the  younger  (IV.),  King  of  Scotland,  in  Gedwart.^ 
He  reigned  twelve  years  six  months  and  twenty  days. 

"  1213.  Death  of  WiUiam,  King  of  Scotland,  at  Streulyne.  He  reigned  fifty- 
one  years. 

^  From  a  document  in  the  Archives  of  the  Highland  Society,  and  published  in  their  Transac- 
tions. The  notes  marked  with  letters  are  Mr  Gregory's  own.  A  duplicate  (of  the  Gaelic  and 
Scotch  part)  is  to  be  found  in  the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth,  and  it  is  known  as  the  Chronicle  (or 
Obituary)  of  Fortingall. 

2  In  contradistinction  to  Malcolm  IV. 

^  Jedburgh. 

Translation  of  Dean  MacGregor's  Chronicle  57 

"1247.     Death  of  Alexander  H  king  of  Scotland  at   Kerueroy,i  he  reigned 

thirtyfive  years. 
"  1250.     The  re-enterment  of  the  said  Margaret  Queen  of  Scotland  (Queen  of 

Malcolm  Kenmore)  took  place. 
"1285.     Death   of  Alexander   III  at  Kyngorne;   he   reigned    thirtysix   years 

and  eight  months. 
*'  1314.     Battle  of  Bannochburn. 
''1328.2     Death   of    Robert   I    King   of  Scotland    at    Cardross   he    reigned 

twentythree  years. 
"  1333.     Battle  of  Hallidonhill. 
"  1345.     Battle  of  Durayme. 

"1370.     Death  of  David  King  of  Scotland  at  Edinburgh,      he  reigned  forty- 
three  years. 
"  1388.     Battle  of  Ottyrburn. 
"  1390,  April  19  (first  notice).     Death  of  John  MacGregor  of  Glenurquhay.     he 

was  buried  at  Dysart  on  the  north  side  of  the  High  Altar.^ 
"1390.     Death  of  Robert  II  King  of  Scodand  at  Dundownald ;  he  reigned 

nineteen  years  and  two  months. 
"  1396.     Combat  of  the  sixty  men  at  Perth. 
"  1402.     Battle  of  Homilton. 

"  1405.     Death  of  Robert  III  King  of  Scotland,  he  reigned  thirtyone  years.* 
"  141 1.     Battle  of  Hayrlaw. 
"1415.     Death   of  Gregor   M'^Anecham  in  Glenurquhay,  he   was   buried   as 

above  noted  in  Dysart. 
"1415.     Death  of  John  dhu  M'^Anecham  V^Gregor  at  Stronmelochane  ;   he 

was  buried  in  Dysart. 
"  T424,     Death  of  Darwayll  daughter  of  Ewyn  V.  Lachlan — John  dhu  M'^Gregor 

(his  wife  ?). 
"1425.     May  27.     Death  of  Lord  Murdac  Duke  of  Scotland  and  his  sons 

Walter  and  Alexander. 
"  143 1.     Battle  of  Inverlocha. 
•     "  1435.     July  26.     Death  of  Alexander  Earl  of  Mar  and  Gareoch  Lieutenant  of 

our  Lord  the  King,     he  was  buried  in  Inverness. 
"  1436.     Jan.  17.     Death  of  Mr  Robert  Cardny  Bishop  of  Dunkeld. 
"  1436.     Feb.  21.     Death  of  James  I  King  of  Scotland  at  Perth,     he  reigned 

thirtyone  years. 
"  1440.     April  20.     Death  of  Malcolm  son  of  John  dhu  MacGregor,  at  Glenur- 
quhay ;  he  was  buried  in  the  manner  formerly  mentioned. 

1  Kerrera,  off  Oban.  -  True  date  said  to  have  been  7th  June  1329. 

^  Clachan  Dysart— now  the  Church  of  Glenurquhay,  close  to  Dalmally. 
*  True  date  1406. 


58  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"  1443.     Death  of  John  Gorm  Stewart  who  was  killed  on  the  north  Inch  of 

Perth  on  the  birthday  of  John  the  Baptist. 
"  1452.     Oct.  8.     Death  of  William  Cardny  Laird  of  Foss. 
"  1460.     Death  of  James  II  King  of  Scotland  at  Roxburgh,  he  reigned  twenty- 
three  years.     He  was  interred  in  Dunedin. 
"  1 46 1.     Death  of  Patrick  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  at  Stronmelochane.     He  was 

buried  at  Dysart,  in  the  way  before  mentioned  (first  notice  of  Glenstray). 
"  1463.     Dec.  20.     Death  of  John  Stewart  Lord  of  Lorn  at  Dunstaffnage. 
"  1475.     Sept.  26.     Death  of  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Knight,     he 

was  buried  in  Kilmartin. 
"  1475.     Dec.  10.     Death  of  John  Stewart  of  Fortingal,  at  Garth,  he  was  buried 

at  Dunkeld  ; 
"1477.     Feb.   17.     Death  of  Duncan  Beg  MacGregor  at  Roro  (first  notice  of 

"  1482.     Cochrane  was  hanged  at  Lauder. 
"  1482.     August  30.     Death  of  John  Grant  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Duncan  Grant  of 

Freuchy,  Knight,  at  Kindrochit  in  Mar,  he  was  buried  in  the  Cathedral 

Church  of  Murray,  having  died  three  years  before  his  father. 
"  1483.     Feb.  4.     Death  of  Donald  Robertson  of  Keirquhin.i 
"  1488.     Death  of  Patrick  Macnab  of  Bowayne  at  Auchline." 
"1488,     June  II.     Death  of  James  III  King  of  Scotland  at  Bannockburn  on 

the  feast  of  St  Barnabas  the  Apostle,  he  reigned  twenty-seven  years  and 

"  1488.     Battle  of  Stirling  where  James  III  King  of  Scotland  was  killed. 
"  1491.    March  10.     Death  of  John  Duncanson  MacGregor  at  Bellicht^  he  was 

buried  in  Inchadin  '^  on  the  north  side  of  the  Great  Altar. 
"  1493.     August  14.     Death  of  Katrine  Cardney  daughter  of  the  Laird  of  Foss 

and  widow  of  the  late  John  Duncanson  MacGregor.     she  was  buried  in  the 

Church  of  Dull  before  the  step  of  the  Great  Altar. 
"  1494.     16  May.     Duncan  son  of  Charles  at  Loch  Dochard  ("Black  Book  of 

Taymouth  "). 
"1494.     July  24.     Death  of  Terloch  Keir  son  of  Duncan  MacGregor.     he  was 

buried  in  Dysart. 
"  1494.     Oct.  17.     Death  of  Donald  M^Causs,  in  the  Crag. 
"  1496.    Nov.     Death  of  Margaret  Douglas,  Lady  of  Glenurquhay. 
1  Keirquhin,  Carwhin,  a  property  belonging  to  the  Robertsons,  to  the  west  of  Crannoch ;  but 
there  was  another  Carwhin  in  the  parish  of  Balquhidder  belonging  to  a  family  of  Campbells. — jEd. 

^  This  property  in  Glendochart  belonged  to  the  MacNabs  till  acquired  by  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of 
Glenurchy  (as  also  Bovaine)  in  1552. — £(^. 
'  Probably  Balloch  near  Taymouth. 

*  Now  Kenmore.     (An  old  church  lower  down  the  river  than  Kenmore,  destroyed  by  the  third 
Earl  of  Breadalbane  ;  there  was  also  a  village  and  ford  over  the  Tay. — £d.) 

Translation  of  Dean  MacGregor's  Chronicle  59 

"  1498.     Death  of  Donald  Macqueen  at  Fortingal. 

"  1498.     June  22.     Death  of  Malcolm  MacGregor  son  and  heir  of  John  Mac- 
Gregor  of  Glenstray,  at  Glenlyon  ;   he  was  buried  in  Dysart  in  a  stone 
coffin.  1 
"  1499.     ]^^-  3^-     Death  of  Neill  Stewart  at  Garth,  he  was  buried  in  Dunkeld. 
"  1502.     Weyme  was  burnt  by -Neill  Stewart  ^  in  the  month  of  Sep. 
"  1503.     July  25.     Entrance  (into  Scotland)  of  Margaret  Queen  of  Scotland 

spouse  of  King  James  IV. 
"  1503.     Sep.  10.     Death  of  Gregor  Duncanbegson  at  Morinch.^ 
"  1505.    March  i8.    Death  of  Alexander  Robertson  of  Strowan  at  Dunmakcarf ; 

he  was  buried  in  Dunkeld. 
"     „      Oct.  20.     Death  of  Eugenius  (Ewine)  MacGregor,  son  of  Gregor  Dun- 

canson  in  Roro. — ("  Black  Book  of  Taymouth.") 
"  1507.     Death  of  Andrew  Cardney  Laird  of  Foss,  at  Inchewin  he  was  buried 

in  the  Aisle  of  (St  Ninian). 
"  1509.     March  31.     The  (Religious  House)  on  the  Island  of  Loch  Tay*  was 

burned  owing  to  the  negligence  of  servants  on  Palm  Sunday. 

1  In  taking  down  many  years  ago  the  old  church  of  Dysart,  several  stone  coffins  were  found  at 
the  north  part  of  the  east  end  of  the  church,  where  the  McGregors  appear  chiefly  to  have  buried. 
Several  of  their  old  tombstones,  much  defaced,  were  likewise  discovered,  which  are  still  appropriated 
by  such  of  the  clan  as  bury  in  the  churchyard  (1831).  Note  by  Compiler. — Pennant,  in  his  book 
"A  Tour,"  in  1769  writes: — "The  church  is  seated  on  a  knovvl.  ...  In  the  churchyard  are 
several  gravestones  of  great  antiquity,  with  figures  of  a  warrior,  each  furnished  with  a  spear  or  two- 
handed  sword  ;  on  some  are  representations  of  the  chase,  on  others  elegant  fretwork,  and  on  one — 
said  to  be  part  of  the  coffin  of  a  M'^Gregor,  is  a  fine  running  pattern  of  foliage  and  flowers,  and, 
excepting  the  figure,  all  in  good  taste."  At  a  meeting  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  of  Scotland  in 
Jan.  1897,  Mr  Brydale  read  a  paper  describing  a  group  of  seven  carved  grave  slabs  in  the  church- 
yard at  Dalmally,  which  is  stated  to  have  been  the  burying-place  of  the  Chiefs  of  MacGregor  from 
1390  to  1528.  "  The  Chronicle  records  the  burial  of  no  fewer  than  twelve  of  these  Chiefs  succes- 
sively in  stone  coffins  at  the  north  side  of  the  east  end  of  the  church.  When  the  old  church  was 
demolished  about  1 8 1 1 ,  a  number  of  stone  coffins  and  carved  grave  slabs  were  found  in  this  position. " 
...  Of  the  seven  stones  now  described  three  are  of  the  same  type,  showing  in  a  panel  the  figure 
of  an  armed  man  with  sword  and  spear,  and  wearing  a  pointed  bascinet  and  short  tunic,  the  rest  of 
the  surface  being  filled  in  with  folingeous  ornamentation.  A  fourth  is  curious  as  showing  this  type 
superimposed  on  a  larger  figure  obliterated,  and  having  a  cross  at  the  top  of  the  stone.  Of  the 
other  two  of  this  type  one  is  curious  from  its  small  size,  and  the  other  is  much  mutilated.  The 
seventh  is  apparently  the  front  slab  of  an  altar  tomb,  and  bears  a  finely  carved  scroll  of  foliage,  but 
no  armed  figure.  Drawings  of  all  the  slabs  were  exhibited." — Abridged  from  an  account  of  the 
meeting  in  the  06an  Times  of  23rd  Jan.  1897. 

'■^  Son  of  the  preceding  entry. 

2  Marinch  or  Morenish,  on  the  north  side  of  Loch  Tay,  near  the  Killin  Pier.  It  was  at  one 
time  in  possession  of  the  Menzieses,  but  was  acquired  by  Sir  Duncan  Campbell,  seventh  Laird  of 
Glenurchy,  1602. — Ed. 

*  There  was  a  Nunnery,  the  ruins  of  which  are  still  to  be  seen  (i 831)  on  the  island  at  the  east 
end  of  Loch  Tay. 

6o  History  of  the  Clan  Gfegor 

"1510.     Oct.  27.     Death  of  Janet  Stewart  Countess  of  Huntly  at  Strathbogie 

she  was  buried  in  the  Church  of  Strathbogy. 
"     „         Nov.  28.     Death  of  Gregor  Patrickson  at  Innerchattane. 
"  1511.     June  3.     Death  of  Gilbert  Duncanson  vicar  of  Kilmartin. 
"     „        July  22.      Death  of  Katrine  NeyndoniP  wife  of  Dougal  Johnson  at 

Tullichmullin ;  ^  she  was  buried  in  the  choir  of  Inchadin  ^  on  the  south 

side  of  the  Altar.     Dominical  Letter  E. 
"     ,,        Oct.  9.    Death  of  William  Johnson  MacGregor,  at  Garth;  he  was  buried 

in  Inchadin  on  the  south  side  of  the  Altar.     Dominical  E. 
"  1512.     May  2.     Death  of  Gregor  Neilson  at  Crannych.* 
"     „      Death  of  Patrick  ^rCarb. 
"     ,,        July  13.     Death  of  Duncan  Macdougall  who  was  killed  who  was  son 

and  heir  of  Alexander  Macdougall  of  Dunnolych.      This  Duncan  was 

buried  in  Ardchattan. 
"     ,,         Sep.  15.     Death  of  John  Stewart,  Earl  of  Atholl. 
"15 13.     Sep.  9.     Death  of  James   IV  King  of  Scotland  in  Northumberland 

near  Branstone  in   England.      Dominical  A.      He   reigned   twenty-six 

years  three  months  and  eight  days.     On  which  day  there  were  slain 

in   the  said   field   many  noblemen  on   both    sides.      On   the   side   of 

Scotland  divers  Bishops,   Abbots,   Lords,   Knights,   Nobles,  and  other 


"  On  which  day  were  slain  the  most  prudent  Lord  Archibald  Earl  of 

Argyle,  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome,  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay, 

and  John  Campbell  of  Lawers.     May  God  have  care  of  their  souls. 
"  1515.     April.     Death  of  Gregor  Duncanson  at  Roro.  he  was  buried  in  Killin. 
"  1516.     Death  of  William  Strowan  Robertson,  who  was  beheaded  at  Tulymat. 

Dominical  Letter  B. 
"     „         Dec.  12.     Death  of  Elisabeth  neyn  Donald  V^Causs^  at  Garth. 
"1517.     Dec.  15.     Death  of  John  Lord  Gordon  and  Badenoch  at  Killoss  he 

was  buried  in  the  monastery  of  Kinloss. 
"1518.     July  9.      Death  of  Patrick  MacGregor  at  Auchinchallane ;  ^  he  was 

buried  in  Dysart.''' 

^  RrClaw,  alias  Grant.  -  Glenlyon  House. 

^  The  ancient  name  of  Kenmore. 

^  Crannych  or  Crannich,  on  Loch  Tay  ;  anciently  a  thanage,  and  now  a  district  in  the  parish 
of  Kenmore,  but  formerly  a  detached  part  of  Weem.  The  old  "  tuelf  merk  land  "  was  purchased 
in  1602  by  Sir  Duncan  Campbell,  from  Menzies  of  Weem. — From  "Lairds  and  Lands  of  Loch 
Tayside,"  by  John  Christie,  1892. 

^  Wife  of  Gregor  Dhu.     She  was  buried  at  Inchadin.  ^  Aychincschecall. 

^  It  is  stated  that  a  very  old  Charter  in  reference  to  Auchinchallane,  and  other  papers  con- 
nected with  the  subsequent  sale  of  this  property  to  the  Campbells,  exist  in  private  hands,  but  the 
compiler  has  not  access  to  them. 

Translation  of  Dean  MacGregor's  Chronicle  6i 

"1518.     July  19.     Death  of  Duncan   MacGregor   Captain  of  the  Castle  of 

Glenurquhay  ;  he  was  buried  at  Dysart. 
"  1519.     May  24.     Death  of  John  dhu  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  son  of  Patrick 

of  Stronemelochane,  he  was  buried  in  Dysart  on  the  26.  of  May  15 19 

on  which  day  a  great  meteor  was  seen  in  Glenurquhay. 
"  1520.     Death  of  Malcolm  Cam  MacGregor  son  of  Neil  at  Thegyrmith^  .... 

Dow  and  buried  in  Killin  14th  Jany. 
"  1521.  June  9.     Death  of  Donald  M'^Nacht;  Vicar  of  Fortingall 
"  1522.  Death  of  the  Lord  Earl  of  Errol  in  the  month  of  July. 
"     „      Sep.  16.     death  of  Mr  John  Laycock  Canon  of  Dunkeld. 
"     ,,      March.2     Death  of  John  M'^NicoU  he  was  buried  in  Inchaddin, 
"    „      August  12.     Death  of  a  venerable  man  Sir  Robert  Menzies  Knight  at 

Weyme ;  he  was  buried  in  the  Church  of  Weyme. 
"     „      Oct.  Death  of  Patrick  Duncanbegson  in  Morinche. 
"     „     Nov.  6.  Death  of  Duncan  M'^Olchallam  V^Kerlich  (son  of  Malcolm  son 

of  Charles)  at  Drumcharre. — ("  Black  Book  of  Taymouth.") 
"1523.     Aug.  12.     Death  of  Sir  Colin  Campbell  Knight  Laird  of  Glenurquhay 

at  the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay.     He  was  buried  in  the  chapel  of  Finlarg. 
"     „     Sep,  I.     Death  of  Gilbert  Borricht  Vicar  of  Dysart  at  EddergoilP  he 

was  buried  on  the  south  side  of  the  Church  near  the  door  of  the  Choir. 
"     „     Sep.  20.    Death  of  Sir  John  Stewart  of  Stuekis  Knight.     He  was  buried 

in  Dunkeld. 
"     „     Oct.  31.     Death  of  Mr  Walter  Leslie  in  Dunkeld. 
"     „     Nov.  6.     Death  of  the  Vicar  of  Inchaddin  Sir  Duncan  M'^Nachtane  who 

died  at  Perth  and  was  buried  in  Inchadin. 
"     „     feb.  9.     Death  of  John  Malloch  M'^Hustone  at  TuUichcamin.     he  was 

buried  in  Killin. 
"     „     March  4.    Agreement  of  John  MacGregor  and  of  Sir  John  St  John  *  his 

son  and  Mariot  his  daughter  at  Killasse.^ 
**  1524.     July  26.     Death  of  Margaret  Stewart  Lady  of  Glenurquhay  at  the 

Island  of  Loch  Tay ;  she  was  buried  in  the  Chapel  of  Finlarg,  near  her 

"     „     Nov.  9.     Death  of  Neill  son  of  Duncan  MacGregor  in  Glenurquhay,  at 

the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay. 
"     „     Feb.    15.     Death  of  Christian  neyn  Varrone  M'^Kerross  wife  of  John 

Dougalson,  at  Ardtrasgart. 
1  Tegarmuchd   Island   on   the  Tay,  between   Kenmore  and  Aberfeldie.— From  "  Lairds  and 
Lands  of  Loch  Tayside,"  by  John  Christie,  1892. 
^  Till  1600  the  year  began  in  March. 

^  EddergoU,  ancient  name  of  a  district  extending  from  Auchroich  Burn,  at  Callelochan,  to  the 
east  end  of  Loch  Tay. — From  "Lairds  and  Lands  of  Loch  Tay." 

^  More  probably  Sir  John  Stewart.  ^  Killiechassie. 

62  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"  1524.  March  15.  Death  of  a  provident  and  famous  man  Gregor  Macanemoill  at 
Easter  Innervar  in  Glenlyon  early  in  the  morning ;  he  was  buried  on  the 
1 7,  day  of  the  same  month  in  KilUn  on  the  south  side  of  the  High  Ahar. 

"1525,  April  13.  Death  of  Finlay  Macnab  of  Bowayne  at  Ilanran  ^  he  was 
buried  at  Killin. 

"  „  April  19.  Death  of  Hugh  M'^Ewin  VNeill  at  Fernay  he  was  buried 
on  the  2 1  St  of  the  same  month  in  Inchadin  before  the  step  of  the  great 
Altar,  on  the  south  side  of  the  church. 

"  „  August  17.  Death  of  John  mor  M'^Ean  Vec  Condochy  alias  Maknecht  at 
Ewchirvlairris.2  he  was  buried  in  Inchadin  before  the  step  of  the  Choir 
on  the  south  side  of  the  Church,  on  the  18  of  August. 

"     „     Oct.  16.  Death  of  John  Neilson  at  Fernay;  he  was  buried  at  Inchadin. 

"  1526.     Jan.     Death  of  Malcolm  M'^William  ;  ^  he  was  buried  in  Branvo. 

"  „  April  12.  Death  of  Robert  Cokburne  at  Dunkeld,  in  the  Palace  there, 
he  was  buried  in  the  Choir  of  Dunkeld. 

"     ,,     April  20.  Death  of  Duncan  Reoch  M'^Gillechonnyll. 

"  ))  July  31-  Death  of  Gregor,^  son  of  John  MacGregor,  alias  M'^Ewine 
M^Allaster  of  Glenstray  at  the  Isle  of  Loch  Rannoch ;  he  was  buried 
in  Dysart  in  a  stone  coffin  on  the  north  side  of  the  High  Altar  of  Glen- 
stray.    May  his  soul  rest  in  peace. 

"  „  Sep.  3.  Battle  near  Glenvchow  alias  Lithkow  striken  betwixt  the  Lords 
William  Douglas  and  John  Earls  of  Angus  and  Arran  on  the  one  side- 
and  Earl  of  Lennox  where  the  said  Earl  of  Lennox  was  slain 

and  there  was  slain  many  on  his  side. 

"1527.  Oct.  31.  Death  of  Mariot  Forester,  Lady  Lawers,  wife  of  James  Campbell 
of  Lawers.  She  died  of  good  memory  at  Fordew  in  Strathearn,  and  was 
buried  in  the  parish  Church  of  Stirling,  in  the  Aile  of  St  Andrew  at  7  p.m. 
May  her  soul  rest  in  peace.     Dominical  letter  F. 

"  1528.  April  12.  Death  of  John  MacGregor  M'Ewine^  Captain  of  the  Clan- 
Gregor  of  Glenstray,  who  died  of  good  memory  at  Achallader*^  in 
Glenurquhay  on  Easterday.  he  was  buried  in  Dysart  as  others  of  his 
name  used  to  be.     May  God  have  care  of  his  soul. 

"  1529.  Death  or  slaughter  of  Alexander  M'^Patrick  roy  and  Duncan  his  son  by 
Duncan  Brek,  at  West  Culdar ;  they  were  buried  in  the  cemetry  of 
Fortingall  near  the  window  of  the  High  Altar.  Alexander  was  buried 
on  the  28  May  and  Duncan  on  the  4  June.  Dominical  letter  C.  May 
God  have  a  care  of  their  souls.     Amen. 

^  An  island  at  the  west  end  of  Loch  Tay,  near  Killin,         -  Uachddarblairis.         ^  At  Glenlyon. 
*  Son  of  John  IVrEwine  M'^AlIaster  of  Glenstray,  who  died  1528,  12th  April  (see  next  page). 
^  John  M'^Ewin  IVrAllaster  of  Glenstray,  who  had  succeeded  his  second  cousin  in  1519. 
^  "  Ayethachallodor  "  in  the  Black  Book  of  Taymouth. 

Translation  of  Dean  MacGregor's  Chronicle  63 

"  1529.  Death  of  William  Robertson  of  Keirquhin  at  that  place,  on  the  day  of 
St  Michael  the  Archangel  he  was  buried  in  Inchadin  in  the  nave  of 
the  Church  on  the  north  side  near  the  door  of  the  Choir. 

"  1529.  Oct.  9.  Death  of  an  honourable  man  Colin  Campbell  Earl  of  Argyll, 
Lord  Campbell  and  Lorn,  who  died  at  Inverary.  and  was  buried  at 
Kilmun.     May  God  have  care  of  his  soul. 

"1530.     April  18.     Death  of  Finlay  M'^Vorricht. 

"  1531.    Feb.  28.     Death  of  Alexander  M'^Ayr  Rawyr  at  Aulich  in  Ran- 

noch,  and  buried  at  Killechonan. 

"  1531.  August  II.  Death  of  Duncan  M'^Connilgorme  at  Rayn  in  Eddirgowill. 
he  was  buried  in  the  Church  of  Inchadin  on  the  north  side  of  the  door 
of  the  Choir. 

"1536.  Sep.  5.  James  V.  King  of  Scotland  passit  and  salit  in  France, 
accumpaneit  with  Archabald  Earl  of  Argyle  the  Earl  of  Rothess  Sir 
John  Campbell  of  Calder,  schipit  with  diu  Lordis  and  Knychtis,  bot 
nocht  returned  to  his  Kingdome  till  the  5.  day  of  Sep.  1526. 

"  1538.  June  I.  Death  of  Christian  Stewart  Lady  of  Garth.  She  was  buried  at 
the  altar  of  St  Ninian  (of  Dull  ?). 

"1542.  Oct.  30.  In  the  year  1542.  there  was  a  great  army  of  Scots  at 
Jedburgh  to  fight  the  Saxons  invaders  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland 
thay  remained  there  for  fifteen  days,  and  returned  without  fighting  on 
the  30.  of  Oct.^ 

"  1 53 1.     Death  of  Duncan  M'^Conilgorme  in  Eddergowyll. 

"  The  quhilk  yer  I  sayd  my  first  mes  on  Wytsunday  afoyr.  Memoran- 
dum.— Rannoch  was  hareyd  the  morne  eftir  St  Tennenis  day  in  harist  be 
John  Erlle  of  Awthoell  and  be  Clan  Donoquhy,  and  at  the  next 
Beltane  eftir  that  the  quhilk  was  XXXII  yer,  the  Bra  of  Rannoch  was 
hareyd  be  them  abowin  wryttin,  and  Alexander  Dow  Albrych  war 
heddyth  at  Kinlochtrannoch  the  quhilk  Belten  and  yer  I  com  tyll  the 
cwyr  (cure)  of  Fortyrgill  fyrst,  and  Alexander  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstra 
our  Scheiff  was  bot  ane  barne  of  7  yer  that  tym.e. 

•'  1542.  Dec.  Death  of  Katherine  Neyn  Ayn  Neill,  wife  of  John  M'^Ayn  Rawych 
V^Gewycar  (M'' Vicar)  in  Achlie  (Auchline). 

"  „  Feb.  20.  Death  of  Katherine  MThastyllan,  wife  of  Alexander  M'^Olch- 
allum  V^Gregor,  at  Slattich  in  Glenlyon. 

"  1545.  August  25.    The  House  of  Gordalis  Throchchdare  apud  Strythbrawyn 
(Trochrie   in   Strathbran)   was   burnt   by  Alexander   MacGregor  of 

1  It  is  assumed  by  Mr  Gregory  that  Dean  MacGregor's  death  must  have  taken  place  soon  after 
this  period.  But  the  Curate  of  Fortingall  continued  the  Obituary  from  1531,  and  the  entry  on 
August  II  is  therefore  repeated  with  a  memorandum  added,  and  the  Chronicle  is  henceforward 
quoted  from  "Black  Book  of  Taymouth," 

64  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Glenstray^  on  which  day  Robert  Robertson  of  Strowan  was  captured 
and  four  of  the  servants  of  Robert  were  slain.      God  the  just  render 
unto  each  according  to  their  works. 
"  1547.     March  6.     Death  of  Gregor  Patrickson  MacGregor  in  Glenurquhay  at 

Aychinchechallan,  and  buried  in  Dysart. 
"  1548.     Death  of  Mariote  Neyn  Olchallum  VGregor  Wife  of  Duncan  M^Ayn 

V*^Cowyll  and  afterwards  wife  of  James M'^James  V^Robert  at  Slattich. 

"     „       May  4.     Death  of  Mary  daughter  of  Duncan  V^Ayn  V^Cowyll   who 
was  'affedator'  with  Joanne   Cam  M^'Duncan   V^Gregor  at   Roro, 
and  buried  in  Rannoch. 
"1549.     Sep.  3.     Death  of  Christian  Murra,  wife  of  Gregor  Dougalsoun  at 

Balloch.     She  was  buried  in  Inchadin. 
"1552.     Expulsion  of  Gregor  Dougallson  from  Balloch  by  Colin  Campbell  at 

"  „  June  16.  Murder  and  decapitation  of  Duncan  MacGregor  and  his  sons 
Gregor  and  Malcolm  Roy  by  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  and 
Duncan  Roy  Campbell  of  Glenlyon  and  Alexander  Menzies  of 
Rannoch  with  their  accomplices  on  which  day  John  Gour 
M'^Duncan  V^Alexander  Kayr  were  murdered  by  Alexander  Menzies. 

at .     Murder  of  Gregor,  Clerk  by  Ewine  M'^Duncan  V^Gour  de 

Roro  and  buried  in  Straythfelen. 
"     „       Nov.  27.     Death  of  Katrine  Nyn  Velyem  (William)  VOlchallum  wife 

of  John  Leyche,  at  Kynnalde ;  she  was  buried  at  Inchadin. 
,,1554.     April   30.     Death   of    Katherin   Neyn    Dowyll   V'^Ayn    wife   of  the 
Baron   of  Kyrquhurn  (Colchuirn  ?)  and    afterwards  wife  of  Alex- 
ander Maxtone  of  Cultoquhay  who  died  at  Cultoquhey. 
"     „       Jan.  26.    Death  of  Ewine  M'^Condoquhy  V^Gregor  of  Roro  at  CrythgarfF 
in  Parish  of  Fortingal ;  and  buried  in  the  Choir  of  Branvo.  with  great 
lamentations  of  men  and  women. 
"     „       There  was  a  most  severe  snowstorm  this  winter. 
"1555.    May  I.     Death  of  Gregor  Dougalson  at  Carsdall  "propre  Dow"  he 

was  buried  in  Inchadin  with  a  large  congregation. 
"     „       Jan  12.     Death  of  Dougal  Dougalson  at  Farna  in  the  house  of  his 

brother  John  Dougalson.     He  was  buried  in  Inchadin. 
,*     „       Jan  26.     Death  of  Margaret  Robertson  wife  of  William  MacGregor,  at 

Port  of  Bofrak  and  buried  at  Weyme. 
"1556.     Sep.  27.     Death  of  John  Challarmore  at  Eddergovyllit  and  buried  at 

Inchadin  the  night  of  St  Michael  the  Archangel. 
"     „      Jan.  II.     Death  of  Mariota  Barre,  wife  of  quondam  Gregor  Duncanson 

^  According  to  the  age  of  the  young  Chief  mentioned  in  1532,  Glenstray  can  at  this  time  have 
been  only  twenty. — Ed. 

Chronicles  of  Fortingal  65 

of  Roro  and  afterwards  wife  of M'^AUexander  VJames.     She  died 

at  Kallwyng  (Calvine)  in  Atholl  and  was  buried  at  Strowane. 
"1557.     Juje   16.     Death  of  WilHam   MacGregor  at  Port  of  Bofrak  he  was 

buried  at  Inchadin  in  the  Choir. 
"1558.     Feb.  8.     Death  of  Malcolm  M'^Neill  M'^Ewine  at  Lagfarne  in  Farna  in 

his  own  house  and  was  buried  in  the  Church  of  Inchadin. ^ 

"  Quhilk  sammyr  Schir  Dougal  M'^Gregor  byggit  ,  .  .  ew  hous  besyd 

the  kirk  of  Fortyrgill  and  .  .  .  iugn  yer  Schyr  Dougall  gat  the  seneellarie. 

.  .  .  Lessmoyr  fra  Collin  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay. 
"  1562.    May  21.    Murder  of  AUaster  M'^Ewin  Dow  V^Gregor  by  Patrick  M'^Ayn 

VycOlchallum  alias  M'^Gregor  Kyllejiese  (Killiehassie?)  he  was  buried 

at  Foss. 
**    „      Feb.  2.     Death  of  John  Dow  M'^Condoquhy  VGregor  at  the  Castle  of 

"  1563.     Item  death  of  Neyn  Glas  in  month  of  Feb, 

"  Yer  of  God  1 563.  ane  gud  symmer  and  gud  harist  pece  and  rest 

excep  the  Lard  of  Glenwrquhay  wyryth  aganis  ClanGregor. 
"  1564.     Sep.  10.     Death  of  John  Dougallson  at  Ferna.  in  his  own  house  and 

was  buried  on  the  7.  in  Inchadin. 
"     „      May  28,     Death  of  Rinalda  M'^Artna  wife  of  Angus  Dow  M^Ayn  Voyr 

at  Rannoch  and  was  buried  at  Fortyrgill. 
"     ,,      Nov.  5.     Death  of  John  Dow  M'^Ewin  V^Condoquhy  at  Bunrannoch 

he  was  buried  in  the  Choir  of  Fortingall. 
"     „     Murder  of  Patrick  M'^Ayn  VCouill  VAyn  by  James  M'^Gestalcar  at 

Ardewynnek  Dec.  7.  and  buried  on  the  8.  of  the  same  in  the  grave  of 

his  kindred  at  Inchadin. 
"  1565.     Murdered  were  Gregor  son  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore,  alias  MacGregor, 

and   Robert   M'^Conil  V^Gregor  on  the  11.  of  June  viz  on  Penticost 

day  in  the  afternoon  and  night,  and  the  house  was  burnt  and  those 

murdered   by  James    M'^Gestalkar  with   his  accomplices.      They  were 

buried  in  the  same  grave  in  the  Choir  of  Inchadin.     God  will  judge  the 

hidden    just  and    punish   whom    He  wills  to   the   second  and   third 

"     „      July  27.     James  M'^Gestalcar  V^Phatrik  was  slain  with  his  accomplices 

by    Gregor     M"^Gregor    of    Stronmelecan    with     his     companions    at 

"1565-     Jan.  31.     Death  of  Christian  Cunygem  wife  of  John  Dougallson  at 

Stronferna,  and  buried  at  Inchadin. 
"1565.  yeris.     Item  ane  gud  symmer  and  harist  gret  hayr  schippis  in  mony 

1  "  Pray  for  the  soul  of  him  who  did  good  to  God  and  man,"  added  in  the  Latin  version. 


66  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

partis    of    Scotland,    in    Stratherne,    in    Lennox,    in    Glenalmond,    in 

Breadalbane,  bayth  slattyr  and  oppressyon  beand  mayd  in  syndry  vdr 

partis  be  the  Erl  of  Ergyll  and  M'^Gregor  and  ther  complessis  Siklyk 

in  Strathardill  mony  men  slayn  be  the  men  of  AthoU  and  the  Stewartis 

of  Lorn. 
"1568.     April  13.     Death  of  Duncan  M^Allestyr  V^Olchallum  V^Gregor  at 

Slattich  in  Glenlyon.     He  vas  bot  26  yer  alld. 
"  1568.     Death  of  Janet  Neyn  Gregor  at  Fortyrgill  and  buried  in  the  Choir 

there  Oct.  12. 
"  1570.     April  7.  Gregor  of  Glenstra  heddtt  at  Belloch. 
"     ,,     Aug.   12.  John   ArConil  Dow  V^Geglas  V^Kessok  slayn  besyd  Glen- 

falloch  and  thirteen  men  of  the  lardis  of  Glenurquhais  men  slayn  that 

da  be  ClanGregor,  and  ther  complisis.     Gud  in  hawin  stance  them  of 

ther  vykgytnes.     So  be  it. 
"  1571.     Nov.  16.   Death  of  Gregor  son  of  the  Vicar  of  Fortingall  in  the  house 

of  his  father  in  Fortingall ;  he  was  buried  there. 
'•1572.     Sep.  24.   AUaster  M'^AUestyr  slain  and  his  son  ane  yonge  barne  of 

sewin  yer  aid  callyt  Gregor,  and   Duncan  brodyr  tyl  Allestyr  al  slain 

in  Stronfarna  be  Patrik  Dow  IVrGregor  V'^Condoquhy  Lawdossyt  with 

his  complesis,  and  be  the  drath  of  Allestyr  Gald  V^Gregor.     The  saidis 

Allestyr  and  his  son  and  brodyr  zyrdith  in  Fortyrgill  the  28  day  of  Sep. 
"1572.     Nov.  30.  Death  of  Donald  Elder  ISFQuhewin  at  Theneff  in  the  house 

of  his  son  Donald  and  buried  in  the  Choir  of  Fortingall. 
"1572.     Jan.  9.  Death  of  Katherine  neyn  Allestyr  V^Olchallum  V^Gregor  wife 

of  Patrick  ArQuhewin  at  Ardtrasqyr  'in  Gallocante'   (mad?).      She 

was  buried  in  the  Choir  of  Fortingall. 
"1573.  Death  of  Donald  M'^Gregor  VTouil  in  the  nordland  March  13.     He 

was  buried  in  the  Church  of  Taldow  in  Strathdayn. 
"  1574.     April  7.  Item  Donald  Dow  AFConil  VQuhin  heddyt  at  the  Kenmore 

be   Collyn   Campbell    of    Glenurquhay   and   zirdyt   in   Fortyrgill    that 

samyn  day. 
"     „     Item    gud    Maid    N'^Ayn    Vay    in    Glenlyon    spouse    till    the    clerk 

M'^Nevin  zirdit  in  Branwo  the  April  28. 
"     „     Death  of  EUyssat  Neyn  Huston  V'Ewyn  wife  of  Donald  M'^Condoquhy 

Voyr  at  Fortingall. 
"     ,,     Oct.    4.    Patrick    Dow   M'^Gregor   V^Duncan    Lawdossyt   was   slain   in 

Bofudyr  (Balquhidder)  by  Clandowilchayr  (Clandougalciar). 
"1576.     July   I.    Death  of  Janet  Neyn   Duncan  V'Gregor  wife   of  Donald 

ArQuhewin  at  Thyneff  June  31.  and  buried   July  i  in  the  Choir  of 


Chapter  VII 
Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore 

IN  connection  with  the  preceding  Obituary,  some  poems  from  the 
Collection  known  as  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  Book  ^  now  follow. 
They  are  written  in  praise  of  some  of  the  MacGregors,  whose  deaths  are 
recorded  in  the  Obituary,  and  they  show  the  traditional  Genealogies 
current  in  the  fourteenth  and  fifteenth  centuries.  Some  remarks  by  Dr 
Joseph  Anderson  on  this  subject  are  interesting : — 

"  There  are  three  separate  Genealogies  of  MacGregor  given  by  the  MacGregor 
Bards  in  the  collection  of  Sir  James  MacGregor  Dean  of  Lismore.  The  oldest  of 
them  is  introduced  in  the  matter  of  fact  manner  of  these  old  Sennachies.  The 
author  of  this  is  M'^Gillinduk  the  man  of  songs,  as  if  all  the  world  ought  to  have 
heard  of  his  fame.  He  commences  the  genealogy  with  Duncan  Beg  and  carries 
it  down  to  Malcolm  whom  he  styles  son  of  Derval  and  names  his  wife  as  Mary. 
Malcolm  son  of  Derval  may  be  recognised  from  the  obit  in  the  '  Chronicle  of 
Fortingair  as  the  Malcolm  son  of  John  Dhu  M'^Ain  Cham  who  died  in  1440. 
This  Genealogy  as  he  is  the  last  mentioned  and  is  spoken  of  as  in  life,  was 
probably  composed  before  that  time.  Derval  his  mother  is  mentioned  in  the 
'  Chronicle  of  Fortingall '  as  Dervogill  Nyn  Ean  V^Lachlan  wife  of  John  Dhu 
MacGregor  as  dying  at  Glenurchy  in  1424.  The  second  Genealogy  written  by 
Duncan  MacDugal  Moill  in  the  lifetime  of  John  Dhu  Macpatrick,  Grandson  of  the 
Malcom  who  died  in  15 19,  carries  the  Genealogy  up  to  Kenneth  M'^Alpin.  Both 
are  the  same  up  to  Duncan  Beg,  Great-Grandfather  of  that  Gregor  who  was  father 
to  the  John  MacGregor  whose  obit  is  J390.  John  Dow  M'^Patrick's  mother  may 
have  been  a  Grant  as  the  blood  of  Grant  in  thy  apple-red  cheeks  and  the  death 
of  John  Grant  in  1480  is  noticed  in  the  'Chronicle.'" 

1  "A  Selection  of  Ancient  Gaelic  Poetry  from  a  MS.  Collection."  Edited,  with  a  Translation 
and  Notes,  by  the  Rev.  Thomas  M'^Lauchlan,  and  an  Introduction  and  additional  Notes  by 
William  F.  Skene,  Esq.,  1862.  Particulars  about  the  Dean  and  his  family  are  given  in 
Chapter  XIII, 

68  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 


•  Fad  a  taim  gun  bhuaidh,  'f  haigheal  domh  is  mithich, 
Thainig  time  thamhach,  as  an  aoradh  dhligheach, 
Is  e  conair  a  theighinn,  d'  iarraidh  slait  mhir, 
Gu  flath  treun  nan  Gaidheal,  far  nar  fhaighear  luchd  suaill. 
Gu  Mac  Grigoir  dion,  is  ceann  air  na  sgoilibh, 
Ni  bhi  neomhin  falamh,  dlighear  dhomh  a  mholadh. 
Gu  fear  is  treun  coir,  an  toiseach  gach  samhradh, 
Ni  an  samhach  dha  bhi,  bithidh  an  amhaich  gach  h-amhuil. 
'N  uair  theireas  iad  uime,  Grigoir  nan  ceuda, 
Bithidh  a  chail  am  fogradh,  gu  trath  os  na  treudaibh, 
Eoin  is  ceann  do  'n  treud  sin,  righ  f  huair  creach  a  ghabhail, 
Theireas  fein  ceol,  beul  ri  beul  's  a  chamhar. 
'N  uair  a  chi  teaghlach  armgheur,  Mhic  Grigoir  am  Bealach, 
SHghe  mhin  'n  a  choire,  ni  b'  eire  riu  an  eallach. 
'N  uair  chinneadar  a  chomhrag  'g  a  ghairm  an  cridhe  namhaid, 
Is  ris  fein  do  theigheadh,  an  riochd  goile  'us  bhraghaid. 
De  mhaisibh  Mhic  Grigoir,  tothair  chath  r'  a  chulthaobh 
Gun  diol  ri  daoinibh,  'us  gach  meodhar  'n  a  dhuna, 
'N  uair  dh'  fhagam  mo  bhuaidh,  am  eis  air  lar  trod, 
Mi  ag  innseadh  mo  mhuc  's  e  is  millse  le  'm  oide. 
Ge  h-olc  an  loch  mhir  mo  dheileanas  innseadh, 
Gon  chath  Ian  loingsich  's  e  air  la  cath  is  millse. 
Cuimhnich  gun  bitheam  romhad,  Mhic  Grigoir  gun  agadh, 
Ri  aghaidh  gach  trod  an  dail  siad  fada  fada. 
Ealasaid  uasail  iompaich  mo  mheuda, 
A  bhean  nan  ciabh  boga,  dh'  am  buin  an  clar  fada. 



"  Righ  ghaisge  ei  reachd  Eoin, 

is  asdaireach  do  dhuan  a  dhroing, 
Ni  nach  bheil  a  amhra  do  chach, 

fhuair  an  fhioradh  an  saidhe  righ 
MacGrigoir  nan  greas  geur, 

toiseach  is  treine  air  gach  tir, 
Eadar  or  'us  creach  a  Ghall, 

is  doigh  a  bhi  gu  mall  min ; 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  69 


•  I  am  a  stranger  long  to  success,  'tis  time  that  I  should  have  it, 
'Tis  time  now  to  desist,  from  satire  justly  due. 
The  way  that  I  shall  take,  to  seek  a  noble  branch, 
Is  to  the  Prince  of  the  Gael,  where  are  no  worthless  guests. 
To  MacGregor  the  brave,  head  of  all  the  schools ; 
He's  neither  cruel  nor  sparing,  to  praise  him  is  our  duty. 
To  whom  courage  is  a  right ;  when  summer  time  comes  round, 
Peace  he  never  knows,  he's  in  the  throat  of  all  his  fellows 
When  men  of  him  do  speak,  as  Gregor  of  the  blows, 
'Tis  his  delight  to  drive,  flocks  and  herds  before  him. 
Of  that  flock  John's  ^  the  head,  the  king  at  lifting  cattle. 
I  myself  will  sing,  mouth  with  mouth  at  daybreak, 
When  his  sharp-armed  men  see,  MacGregor  at  the  Bealach, 
His  way  so  gently  soft,  no  weight  to  them  their  burdens. 
Then  when  war  arises,  proclaimed  in  enemies  hearts. 
It  is  to  him  they'd  gather,  clothed  in  martial  dress. 
'Tis  of  MacGregor's  fame,  when  fighting's  left  behind, 
To  men  not  to  be  cruel,  his  castle  full  of  mirth  ; 
When  victory  I  had  left  upon  the  field  of  war. 
When  of  the  fight  I  spoke  nought  loved  my  patron  more 
Though  sad,  on  the  stormy  lake,  to  tell  of  my  grief, 
To  have  a  crew  of  mariners,  is  best  in  battle's  day. 
Remember  I'll  be  with  thee,  MacGregor  without  stain, 
In  face  of  any  foe,  long,  long's  the  time. 
Gentle  Elizabeth,  change  thou  my  state ; 
Woman  of  softest  locks,  and  of  the  loftiest  brow." 

The  AUTHOR  of  this  is  Dougall  Mac  Gille  glas. 

*'  Bold  as  a  Prince  is  John  in  each  gathering 
'Twere  long  to  sing  his  race's  glory  ; 
Of  this  there  is  no  doubt  'mong  men, 
That  he  is  the  first  of  the  race  of  kings, 
Mac  Gregor  of  the  bravest  deeds, 
Is  the  boldest  chief  in  any  land ; 
Between  his  gold  and  the  Saxon  spoil. 
Well  may  he  live  in  ease  and  peace. 

Supposed  to  be  John  dubh  MacGregor  of  Glenstrae,  died  May  24,  1519. — Obituary. 

70  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Aon  roghainn  ghaisge  Ghaidheil  Ghreige, 

leis  nior  meathaich  meud  achliu 
Fear  is  fearr  agh  'us  iochd, 

an  laimh  an  tir  sliochd  nan  righe. 
Seabhag  deud  gheal  nan  tri  ghleann, 

leis  an  leughar  goil  gach  gniomh, 
Lamh  is  crodha  an  cathaibh  cinnidh 
flath  a  's  coir  dhe  'n  t-slioch  rigli 
Air  Mac  Phadruig  nan  gruaidh  dearg, 

'n  uair  athfhasas  fearg  an  uaireachd 
Na  h-alaich  a  bheir  'n  a  dheigh 

nocha  slan  an  luadh  cath  ; 
Ogha  Mhaoil  Chaluim  nan  dearc  corr, 

ni  sgaradh  ri  or  gun  dith, 
Gille  daimheach,  sothrach,  seang, 

an  lamh  a  's  fearr  um  gach  ni ; 
Aicme  Ghriogoir  timchioll  Eoin, 

ni  mar  chaillte  a  bhuille  s'a  mhein 
Droing  bhreagh  air  nach  leughar  Iochd, 

is  gnath  gort  mar  a  thi ; 
Clann  Ghriogoir  an  dream  nach  treig, 

an  am  nach  bitheas  reidh  ri  righ, 
Gaidheil  ge  fulachdach  na  fir, 

ni  chuireadh  siad  sin  am  br  'gh ; 
Ni  mo  leo  Gaidheil  no  Goill, 

na  saoir  fhir  o  chuain  an  righ ; 
Aicme  Ghrigoir  nan  colg  cruaidh, 

o  bhorb  shluagh  ni  'n  gabh  sniomh 
Brainean  foirne  nam  fear  fiala, 

oighre  Ghrigoir  nan  srian  or, 
01c  do  dhuine  air  an  dean  creach, 

miosad  do  neach  theid  'nan  toir  ; 
Flath  Ghlinne  Liobhainn  nan  lann, 

sgiath  bhrignmhor  nach  gann  ri  cleir 
Lamh  mar  Osgar  anns  gach  cath, 

is  da  is  cosmhuil  am  flath  fein  ; 
Urram  eanaich  d'  a  ghruaidh  dheirg, 

a  fhuair  gun  cheilg  mar  is  coir 
Air  ghabhail  'einich  do  gach  neach, 

air  thiolacadh  each  'us  oir  : 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  71 

Choice  for  courage  of  the  Grecian  Gael 
Whose  meed  of  praise  shall  ne'er  decay, 
Abounding  in  charity  and  love, 
Known  in  the  lands  of  the  race  of  kings. 
White-toothed  falcon  of  the  three  glens, 
With  whom  we  read  the  bravest  deeds, 
The  boldest  arm  'midst  fight  of  clans, 
Best  of  the  chiefs  from  the  race  of  kings. 
When  on  Mac  Phadrick  of  ruddy  cheeks 
Wrath  in  battle's  hour  awaked. 
The  men  who  with  him  share  the  fight 
Are  never  safe  amidst  its  blows. 
Grandson  to  Malcolm  of  bright  eyes. 
Whom  none  could  leave  but  felt  their  loss. 
The  generous,  gentle,  shapely  youth. 
The  readiest  hand  when  ought's  to  do. 
The  race  of  Gregor  stand  round  John, 
Not  as  a  weak  one  is  their  blow ; 
The  famous  race  without  a  fault, 
Round  him  like  a  fence  they  stand. 
Clan  Gregor  who  show  no  fear, 
Even  when  with  the  king  they  strive. 
Though  brave  Gael  may  be  the  foe, 
That  they  count  of  little  weight. 
Gael  or  Saxon  are  the  same, 
To  these  brave  men  of  kingly  race, 
Sons  of  Gregor  bold  in  fight, 
Bend  not  before  the  fiercest  foe. 
Prince  of  the  host  of  generous  men. 
To  Gregor  of  golden  bridles,  heir, 
Pity  the  men  whom  you  may  spoil, 
Worse  for  them  who  you  pursue. 
Chief  of  GlenLyon  of  the  blades, 
Shield  and  benefactor  of  the  Church, 
His  arm  like  Oscar's  in  the  fight, 
To  whom  in  all  things  he  is  like. 
Kindness  mantles  on  his  red  cheek, 
Thy  praise  he  justly  wins  ungrudged, 
Benevolence  when  to  men  he  shows, 
Horses  and  gold  he  freely  gives. 

72  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Mac  Grigoir  an  teaghlaich  ghrinn, 

ni  h-ioghnadh  leinn  'n  a  chuirt  cliar, 
Ni  bheil  coimeas  d'  a  uchd  geal, 

ach  am  fear  dhe  'n  robh  an  fhiann ; 
Aigesan  tri  freiceadan  fionn, 

braigh  a  ghille  ni  facadh  riamh, 
Lamh  bu  mhaith  iorghuil  an  greas, 

do  b'  ionmhuinn  leis  fuileach  fiadh 
Cosmhuil  a  mhein's  mhodh, 

ris  an  righ  'g  a  robh  an  Fhiann, 
Ri  h-agh  Mhic  Grigoir  nan  creach, 

bheir  roghadh  gach  neach  am  mian  ; 
Maith  is  cumha  a  rosg  gorm, 

ri  Mac  Cumhail  nan  corn  fial, 
lonann  an  or  fa  dhuinn, 

agus  an  run  diolaidh  cliar ; 
lonann  an  suiridh  's  an  sealg, 

riu  'us  Cu  ceaird  nam  Fiann, 
A  ta  an  rath  air  sliochd  nan  righe, 

is  maith  an  cliu  'us  an  ciall ; 
Eineach  'us  eangnath  'us  iochd, 

do  cheangladh  air  an  sliochd  righ, 
Fion  'us  ceir,  agus  mel, 

am  miann  sin  le  sealga  f  hiadh  ; 
Fine  Eoin  is  gasda  gniomh, 

iad  mar  mhacaibh  righ  na  Feinn, 
Agus  Eoin  mar  am  Fionn  fein, 

'n  a  cheann  air  gach  daimh  a 

Ge  dhurachd  leo  flaitheas  Feinn, 

do  chathaich  ri  linn  na  Feijn, 
Is  air  Mhac  Phadruig  a  ta  an  rath 

sharuich  se  gu  maith 

Mac  Grigoir  nan  dochair  a  t'  ann, 

ceann  sochair  ceall  'us  cliar, 
Taobh  seang  air  am  breithbbean, 

o  Gleannsrath  nam  fear  fial ; 
Comhrad  dhuinn  breth  le  Eoin, 

is  ni  g'  a  dheoin  do  ni, 
A  tiodhlacadh  each  'us  or, 

fa  'n  seach  mar  is  coir  do  righ ; 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  73 

Mac  Gregor  of  the  noble  race, 

No  wonder  though  bards  should  fill  thy  court ; 

To  his  white  breast  there  is  no  match, 

But  he  so  famous  'mong  the  Feinn. 

Three  fair  watches  him  surround. 

Never  as  captives  were  his  men  ; 

His  arm  in  battle's  struggle  strong, 

Well  did  he  love  to  hunt  the  deer. 

In  mien  and  manners  he  was  like 

The  king  who  ruled  amongst  the  Feinn. 

MacGregor  of  the  spoils,  his  fortune  such 

That  choicest  men  do  covet  it. 

Good  and  gentle  is  his  blue  eye. 

He's  like  Mac  Cumhail  of  liberal  horn, 

Like  when  giving  us  his  gold. 

Like  when  bestowing  gifts  on  bards. 

Like  in  wooing  or  in  hunt, 

To  the  Cu  Caird  ^  among  the  Feinn. 

Fortune  attends  the  race  of  kings, 

Their  fame  and  wisdom  both  are  great. 

Their  bounty,  prudence,  charity. 

Are  knit  to  them,  the  race  of  kings ; 

Wine,  and  wax  and  honey, 

These,  with  the  stag  hunt  their  delight. 

Famous  the  actions  of  John's  clan. 

Like  to  the  sons  of  the  Fenian  king ; 

John  himself  was  like  to  Finn, 

First  and  Chief  'mongst  all  his  men. 

Though  many  sought  to  have  Finn's  power, 

'Mongst  those  who  fought  against  the  Feinn, 

On  Patrick's  son  fortune  attends. 

His  enemies  he  has  overcome. 

Mac  Gregor  who  destroys  is  he 

Bountiful  friend  of  Church  and  bards ; 

Of  handsome  form,  of  women  loved. 

He  of  Glenstay  of  generous  men. 

Easy  'tis  to  speak  of  John 

His  praise  to  raise  loud  in  the  song, 

Giving  his  horses  and  his  gold. 

Just  as  a  king  should  freely  give. 


74  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Righ  neimh,  Mhuire  oigh, 

dlighe  mar  is  doigh  mo  dhion, 
Mo  bhreith  's  a  chaithir  gun  cheilt, 

's  a  bheil  Athair  Mhic  an  Aig 


"  Aithris  fhreiimh  runa  Eoin  Mhic  Phadruig, 

no  'r  creud  cheileam, 
Na  bhitheann  'g  a  f hine  nior  fhanna, 

mu  'm  a  chinnidh  do  char  sinn 
Teirc  ri  aithris  fhine  fhanna 

dh'  uailsibh  Gaidheal  nan  glan  dhail 
Fochd  na  freumh  gu  bheil, 

do  luchd  leughaidh  nan  leabhar. 
Barail  dileas  doibh  'us  domh, 

feadh  ard  an  fheasgair  orra, 
An  fhuil  righ  an  caomh, 

chur  an  fhior  dhream  Ghrigoir  ; 
Mi  r^idh  ri  d'  aros  glas, 

eisd  Eoin  ri  'd  sheanchas, 
Riamh  de  fhreumh  tamaid, 

righ  seimh  saor-theist. 
Padruig  athair,  aithne  dhuit, 

Maolcholuim  athair  Phadruig, 
Mac  Eoin  duibh  na  'r  dhubh  braigh, 

dhgheach  a  chuire  's  a  chreadradh 
Eoin  eile  athair  Eoin  duibh, 

Mhic  Grigoir,  Mhic  Eoin  aghmhoir, 
Ta  triar  feara  fa  feile, 

triar  teamhaireach  mu  thromchleir, 
Athair  an  Eoin  sin  oileanaich, 

Maolcholuim  na  'r  cheil  a  ni, 
Mac  Dhunchaidh  mhuiginir  bhig  reim, 

onchoin  air  nach  tig  toibheum. 
Dunchadh  eile  athair-san 

Mac  Gillfhaolain  oirchill, 
Do  shaor  leat  'n  uair  dh'  fhoir  ri  daimh, 

Mac  Aoidh  ur  o  Urchaidh. 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  75 

King  of  heaven,  Mary  Virgin, 
Keep  me  as  I  should  be  kept. 
To  the  great  city  fearless  me  bring 
Where  dwells  the  Father  of  the  King. 

The  author  of  this  is  Duncan  Mac  Dougall  Maoil. 

The  history  of  the  secret  origin  of  John  Mac  Patrick 

Why  should  I  conceal  it  ? 

What  belongs  to  his  race  is  not  feeble, 

The  bearing  of  that  race  we  love, 

Seldom  of  a  feeble  race  it  is, 

Among  the  Gael  of  purest  fame. 

That  inquiry  of  their  origin  is  made. 

By  the  men  who  read  in  books 

Firm  the  belief  to  them  and  me, 

During  the  evening  time  so  dark 

That  in  the  blood  of  noble  kings 

Were  the  rights  of  true  ClanGregor 

Now  that  I'm  by  thy  green  dwelling, 

Listen  John  to  thy  family  story. 
A  root  of  the  very  root  are  we 
Of  famous  kings  of  noble  story. 
Know  that  Patrick  was  thy  Father, 
Malcolm  father  was  to  Patrick. 
Son  of  Black  John,  not  black  his  breast, 
Him  who  feasts  and  chariots  owned. 
Another  John  was  Black  John's  father, 
Son  of  Gregor,  son  of  John  the  lucky. 
Three  they  were  of  liberal  heart, 
Three  beneficent  to  the  Church. 
The  father  to  that  learned  John, 
Was  Malcom  who  his  wealth  ne'er  hid. 
Son  of  Duncan  surly  and  small, 
.  Whose  standard  never  took  reproach. 
His  father  was  another  Duncan, 
Son  of  Gillelan  of  the  ambush. 
Noble  he  was,  giving  to  friends. 
Son  of  the  famous  Hugh  from  Urquhay. 

76  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Ceanan  nan  corr  gatha, 

athair  Aoidh  Urchaidh, 
O  Alpain  a  gharg  mhein  ghlan, 

ardrigh  nam  balg  bheum  brioghrahor. 
So  an  ceathramh  tuaraisg  a  's  tug, 

umad  a  oighre  Phadruig, 
Cuimhnich  ceart  bheil  fa  'd  chaomh 

dream  o  Alpain  oighre  Dhughaill, 
Fear  an  fhichead  is  tu  fhein, 

Eoin  dubh  nach  dubh  ere, 
Do  cheart  sheanchas  is  e  sin, 

gu  Fearghus  Mac  Eire  aghmhoir. 
A  'd  chinneadh  nach  erion  ri  fodhair, 

se  linn  do  ghabh  coron, 
Da  fhichead  agus  triur  righ, 

dlighear  an  fhuil  's  an  ardfhreumh, 
Tri  tuathruidh,  tri  deasruidh, 

an  deigh  Mhaolcholuim  Chinnmhoir, 
Da  choigear  choron  a  chinnidh, 
o  Mhaolcholum  gu  Alpain^ 
O  Alpain  suas  is  e  bhitheas, 

ceithir  deug  fir  gu  Ferghus, 
Do  cheart  sheanchas  is  e  sin, 

riamh  gu  Ferghus  Mac  Eire  aghmhoir. 
Cia  lion  de  sheanchas 

imar  sin  riamh  gu  Ferghus  faighidir, 
lomadh  fine  oil  fa  d'  fhuil  tathas, 

nach  aireamar  n'  uair  airmheas, 
Do  bu  sgith  sgoil  d'  an  sgeulaibh, 

gach  righ  a  bheil  fa  d'  ur  fhreumh 
Fail  Artuir  fa  d'  urla  fann, 

maith  do  chuid  'do  chuislean  ; 
Fuil  Chuain,  fuil  Chuinn  fa  'd  chneas, 

da  shuthain  sothrain  n'  fhine 
Fuil  Ghrantach  ma  'd  ghruaidh  mar  ubhal, 

fuil  Neil  nimheil  neart-mhoir 
Garg  mhin  a  ceum  's  a  gach  greas, 
de  reim  ard  righ  an  aithris. 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  77 

Kennan  of  the  pointed  spear, 

Of  Hugh  from  Urquhay  was  the  father. 

From  Alpin  of  stately  mien  and  fierce, 

Mighty  king  of  weighty  blows. 

This  is  the  fourth  account  that's  given 

Of  thee  who  art  the  heir  of  Patrick. 

Remember  well  thy  backbone  line, 

Down  from  Alpin,  heir  of  Dougal 

Twenty  and  one  besides  thyself, 

John  the  black  not  black  in  heart. 

Thy  genealogy  leads  us  truly 

To  the  prosperous  Fergus  M'^Erc. 

Of  thy  race  which  wastes  not  like  froth. 

Six  generations  wore  the  crown. 

Forty  Kings  there  were  and  three. 

Their  blood  and  origin  are  known. 

Three  there  were  north  and  three  to  the  south. 

After  the  time  of  Malcom  Kenmore. 

Ten  of  the  race  did  wear  the  crown. 

From  the  time  of  Malcom  up  to  Alpin. 

From  Alpin  upwards  we  do  find 

Fourteen  kings  till  we  reach  Fergus. 

Such  is  thy  genealogy 

To  Fergus,  son  of  Ere  the  prosperous. 

How  many  are  there  of  thy  race 

Must  there  have  been  from  thee  to  Fergus. 

Noble  the  races  mix  with  thy  blood. 

Such  as  we  now  we  cannot  number. 

The  Schools  would  weary  with  our  tale 

Numbering  the  kings  from  whom  thou  'rt  sprung. 

The  blood  of  Arthur  is  in  thy  bosom 

Precious  is  that  which  fills  thy  veins ; 

The  blood  of  Cuan,  the  blood  of  Conn, 

Two  wise  men,  glory  of  the  race. 

The  blood  of  Grant  in  thy  apple-red  cheek, 

The  blood  of  Neil  the  fierce  and  mighty. 

Fierce  and  gentle,  at  all  times. 

Is  the  story  of  the  royal  race. 

78  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 


"  Buaidh  thighearn  air  thoisichibh, 

a  ta  o  thus  an  cinne, 
Airidheach  de  na  h-oig  fhearaibh, 

gach  aon  fhear  a  breith  fios, 
Ceud  tighearn  na  tir-sa, 

Dunchadh  beag  fa  mbr  aigne, 
Do  dh'  fhag  mar  a  chuid  dilib, 

aig  clann  Ghriogoir  an  gaisge. 
Dunchadh  mbr  de  mhileadhaibh, 

athair  beannaichte  Mhaolcholuim, 
Seanair  Eoin  aonfhlaith  nior  gheill, 

cunradh'n  uair  a  chunbhail. 
Grigoir  deagh-mhac  Dhunchaidh, 

mac  o  Eoin  do  b'  e  oighre, 
Fear  aibheasach  o'n  chontath, 

o  Loch  thaobh  sholuis  Tulaich. 
Eoin  dubh  angoilgeillte, 

mac  aireadhach  Eoin  mhic  Grigoir, 
Sealgair  dhamh  dhreachach, 

tus  gach  cogadh  do  fhritheal. 
Maolcholum  go  dheagh  chunbhal, 

aithnichte  Eoin  d'  eis  a  athar, 
Deisceart  glinne  geal  Urchaidh, 

maiseach  do  chaidh  m'a  cachta, 
A  ta  toiseach  an  uibhireachd, 

do  chloinne  Ghrigoir  o  Ghallaibh, 
'Ga  bheil  tri  thighearn  beb, 

gradh  sealga,  'us  beb  ghaisge. 
An  aimsir  Chuinn  cheud  chatha, 

do  chuala  mi  a  mhac  samhail, 
Fionn  ni  ghabh  o  gheur  lannaibh, 

Mac  Cumhail  nan  grath  calm. 
Sealg  Eirinn's  thighearnas 

aig  Mac  Cumhail  'n  a  coillich 
Aoibh  dha  no  tighearnas, 

air  criochaibh  clanna  Ghuill. 
D'  fhiodh  r'  a  linn  da  'n  leigeadh, 

o  Charaidh  gu  Carn  Bhalair. 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  LIsmore 


The  author  of  this  is  Mac  Gillindak,  the  Man  of  Songs. 

The  Lords  have  precedence  of  chiefs, 

It  has  been  so  from  the  beginning ; 

It  is  commendable  in  young  men, 

That  each  should  have  knowledge  of  this, 

The  first  who  was  Lord  of  this  land, 

Was  Duncan  beg  (little)  of  the  great  soul, 

He  who  as  a  legacy  has  left. 

Their  bravery  to  the  ClanGregor. 

Duncan,  great  by  many  spoils. 

Was  the  blessed  father  of  Malcom  ; 

Grandfather  he  was  to  Princely  John, 

Him  who  never  broke  his  pledge. 

Gregor,  excellent  son  of  Duncan, 

Was  son  to  John  and  was  his  heir ; 

Famous  man  he  was  of  the  country. 

From  the  bright  shore  of  Loch  Tullich, 

Swarthy  John/  so  pure  in  speech, 

Princely  son  of  John  M'^Gregorj^ 

Hunter  of  the  well  formed  deer, 

He  like  a  king  aye  led  the  fight, 
Malcom  of  unbending  truth. 
Know  thou  John,  succeeds  his  father, 
Southwards  in  fair  Glenurchay, 
Handsome  he  was  amongst  its  valleys. 
The  first  place  'mong  their  ancestors 
Is  given  by  the  Saxon  to  ClanGregor, 
Of  whom  were  three  chiefs  loved  the  hunt. 
And  were  most  active  in  the  fight. 
In  the  days  of  Conn  of  hundred  battles, 
I  heard  something  like  this. 
Of  Finn  of  spears  and  sharp  sword, 
Cumha's  son  of  famous  deeds, 
That  of  Erin  the  hunting  and  lordship 
Belonged  to  Mac  Cumhal  of  long  locks, 
,   Patrimony  and  lordship  he  had  not 
Over  the  lands  of  the  race  of  the  Gaul. 
Forest  right  they  had  all  his  life. 
From  Kerry  north  to  Carn  Valair. 
^  John  Dhu,  ol>.  141$.  2  John  Cham  McGregor,  page  21, 

8o  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Roimhe  ghabh  na  seisir, 

bha  aig  'n  a  f  hiodha. 
O  shamhainn  gu  bealltainn,  bhuineadh, 

air  ni  gach  ti  d'  a  Fhianaibh, 
An  t-sealga  fa  soimheamh  samhradh, 

aig  an  inbhe  in  fhiodha 
lomadh  cis  nach  airmhear, 

aig  Fionn  no  aig  fear  a  airmhidh. 
Fiacha  Eirinn  da  roinn, 

air  Mhac  Cumhail  'n  a  fhiodh. 
Fiodh  mhoir  ridir  dh'  Fhiantaibh, 

air  bruachaibh  gach  buinne, 
Aig  sin  ni  bheil  diongairean, 

Mhaoilcholuim  aig  Mac  Muirne. 
Ni  dheaadh  Fionn  fein  sealg, 

gun  sireadh  a  cheada, 
Sealg  Albainn  gun  fharraid 

aig  Maolcholum  's  a  chreacha. 
Cunbhalach  'n  an  coshealg 

Mac  Grigoir  is  garg  daoine, 
Nior  mhince  coin  cro-dhearg, 

gu  longphort  cloinne  Bhaoisgne. 
Linn  trodach  de  thoisichibh, 

eiridh  leis  an  la  catha, 
Fir  iad  air  oirleachaibh 

'g  luchd  ti  'san  tachair. 
Ceannas  fion  'us  fiudhantais, 

coitchinn  is  cliu  dh'  a  chinneadh, 
Air  barn  ghaisge  ghle  dhearbhas, 

Mac  Grigoir  gradh  ni  bheil. 
lomadh  'n  a  chuirt  coluath, 

saolaim  cuideachd  a  's  colg  teann, 
Or  dearg  air  an  dornairibh, 

airni  leoghain  Loch  Abh. 
Co  sheirm  eadar  clarsaichibh, 

na  doine  an  leich  'n  an  lamhaibh, 
A  luchd  ti  o  thaibhlisibh 

a  dol  far  gheibhear  gadhar. 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  8i 

But  he  possessed  the  old  rights, 
Which  previously  were  his. 
From  Hallowmas  on  to  Beltin, 
His  Feinn  had  all  the  rights. 
The  hunting  without  molestation. 
Was  theirs  in  all  these  forests. 
Many  the  tributes  I  cannot  tell, 
Belonged  to  Finn  and  his  men, 
Tribute  in  Erin  possessed, 
By  Mac  Cumhail  from  the  forests. 
A  noble  forest's  right  to  the  Feinn, 
On  the  banks  of  every  stream. 
But  Malcom's  ^  large  tributes 
Did  not  belong  to  Mac  Muirn ; 
Finn  himself  would  never  hunt 
Without  first  asking  leave. 
The  hunting  of  Scotland,  without  leave 
Belongs,  with  its  spoil,  to  Malcom. 
Constant  in  the  hunt  together 
Are  MacGregor  and  his  fierce  men , 
No  oftener  did  the  blood-red  hounds 
Enter  the  fort  of  Clan  Boisgne. 
A  fighting  band  of  chieftains 
Arose  with  him  in  battle's  day, 
Men  whose  dress  sparkled  with  gold, 
Men  who  conquered  in  the  fight. 
The  heads  of  clans  and  of  huntsmen 
In  the  common  fame  of  his  race. 
No  trial  of  bravery  of  skill 
Will  show  weakness  in  M'^Gregor. 
Many  in  his  halls  are  found  together. 
Men  who  carried  well-sharped  swords, 
Red  gold  glittered  on  their  hilts. 
The  arms  of  the  lion  of  Loch  Awe. 
Harmonious  musick  among  harps, 
Men  with  dice-boxes  in  their  hands 
Men  who  leave  the  game  of  tables. 
Go  and  lead  forth  the  hounds. 

^  Assumed  to  be  Malcolm,  son  of  John  Dhu  M'^Gregor.  He  died  on  the  20th  April  1440,  and 
the  poem  appears  to  have  been  written  in  his  lifetime.  From  the  references  in  the  poem,  Malcolm's 
mother  was  Dervogil  {ob.  1424),  and  his  wife  Mary. 


82  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Mac  Grigoir  bos  barr  chorcuir, 

Mac  Diarbhuill  buaidh  a  Ghallaibh, 
Aon  chara  na  calmachd  a  lamh, 

le  'r  rainig  gach  rath  buaidh. 
Buaidh  feile  ri  filidhibh, 

a  ni  Mac  Laomuinn  a  chosnadh, 
Do  mhadaibh  a  chHu  ceann-aigh, 

air  thiolacadh  a  lamh  luath. 
Mairidh  muime  ollamhan, 

mingheal  is  maith  com, 
Na  cliar  'g  a  comoladh, 

corcra  a  gruaidh  no  sugh." 

Book  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  S^ 

Mac  Gregor  of  red-pointed  palms, 

Son  of  Dervail,  the  Saxon's  terror, 

No  hand  like  his  amidst  the  fight. 

He  'tis  that  ever  victory  won. 

Liberal  he  ever  was  to  bards, 

Gifts  which  Mac  Lamond  knows  to  earn, 

Famous  for  managing  his  hounds, 

A  hand  so  ready  with  its  gifts. 

Mary  who  stands  by  his  side. 

Of  noble  mind  and  handsome  form, 

Poets  unite  to  give  her  praise, 

Her  with  cheeks  as  berries  red. 

Chapter  VIII 
1513  to  1548 

KING  JAMES  IV.  having  lost  his  life  at  the  fatal  Field  of  Flodden, 
9th  September  15 13,  the  long  minority  of  a  child-king  again  began. 
Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  fell  with  most  of  the  Scottish 
nobility,  and  was  succeeded  in  his  lands  by  his  son  Sir  Colin.  There 
does  not  appear  to  be  any  authentic  record  of  the  ClanGregor  at  Flodden. 
During  the  reign  of  James  V.,  when  both  Highlands  and  Lowlands  were 
convulsed  with  incessant  troubles,  the  Clan  was  not  more  conspicuous  for 
feuds  than  its  neighbours. 

The  following  Band  of  Manrent  from  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth,"  is 
curious  as  showing  the  customs  as  to  receiving  foster  children  : — 

"15 10.  April  29.  Obligation  by  Johne  M'^Neill  Vreik  (breac,  freckled)  in 
Stronferna  and  Gregoure  his  brother  to  receive  Coleyne  Campbell  lawful 
3d  son  to  Coleyne  Campbell  the  eldest  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Duncane 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Knight  in  fostering  and  to  give  him  a  bairns 
part  of  gear ;  and  giving  to  the  said  Sir  Duncane  and  his  heirs  their  bands 
of  manrent  and  calps  that  is  the  best  aucht  in  thair  housis  the  tymes  of  thair 
deceiss ;  the  said  Sir  Duncane  and  Coleyne  his  son  being  bound  to  defend 
the  saids  John  and  Gregour  in  the  lands  of  Stronferna  and  the  rest  of  the 
rowmis  they  possess  as  law  will :  Johne  Campbell  of  Laweris  brother  to  Sir 
Duncane,  Sir  Robert  M'^Nair  Vicer  of  Killin  Alexander  Maknachtan  Tul- 
donycht  Talzeour  Macfale  and  Gillechreist  Clerk  witnesses.  Signed  at  the 
Isle  of  Loch  Tay.     Schir  Maureis  M'^Nauchtane  Vicar  of  Inchedin  notar." 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1514.  31st  May.  In  lykewiss  the  Lord  Dromond  hes  takin  upoun  him  the 
inbringing  of  ye  Kingis  and  Quenis  propirte  w'in  the  boundis  of  Buch- 
quhidder  and  Stratherne  sua  that  he  have  authorite  of  in  and  furth  putting 
of  the  Chalmerlane. — Acta  Dominorum  Concilii  xxvi. 

"1522-23.  February  16.     Anent  our  Soverane  Lordis  Letters  purchest  at  the 

Chartulary    1524  to   1527  85 

instance  of  Robert  Menzies  Knicht  against  Jonet  Countess  of  Athole^ 
makend  mentioun  That  quhair  Sche  and  hir  tenentis  of  Athole  hes  laitlie 
be  sinister  and  wrang  information  purcheist  uther  letters  direct  be  deliuer- 
ance  of  the  lordis  of  Counsale  chargeing  the  said  Robert  to  put  and  hald 
M'^Gregor  his  Clan  and  Complices,  out  of  the  said  Robertis  landis  of 
Rannach  haldin  be  him  of  our  Soverane  Lord  in  feuferm,  and  feubying 
thairof,  the  said  Robert  to  answer  for  the  haill  skaith  done  be  the  said 
M'^Gregor  and  his  Clan  to  our  Soueran  Lordis  Lieges  of  Athole  and  utheris 
nixt  adjacent  yairto  quhilk  is  unpossible  to  the  said  Robert  to  doo,  consider- 
ing the  said  IVrGregor  on  force  enterit  on  the  said  Robertis  landis  and  with- 
haldis  the  samyn  fra  him  maisterfuUy,  and  is  of  fer  greater  power  than  the 
said  Robert  and  will  not  be  put  out  be  him  of  the  saidis  landis.'  .  .  .  '  The 
Lords  of  Counsale  suspendis  the  letters  purchest  be  the  said  Jonet  Countess 
of  Athole  charging  the  said  Robert  to  put  and  hauld  M'^Gregor  his  Clan  and 
Complices  out  of  the  said  Robertis  landis  of  Rannoch  and  ordainis  the 
effect  of  theme  to  ceiss,  ay  and  quhill  thai  be  producit  befoir  the  Lordis  of 
Counsell  and  the  party  warnit  to  the  production  yairof  and  letters  to  be 
direct  yairupoun  as  effeirs. — Acta  Dominorum  Concili  xxxiii. 

"1524-5.  Early  in  the  morning  of  25th  March  Annunciation  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  and  by  the  then  reckoning  New  Year's  day  1524,  (1525  by  the 
modern  computation)  Makintosh  of  that  Ilk  went  to  a  fatal  hunting  seat, 
for  John  M'^Callum  Milmor,  and  his  brother  William,  with  three  others, 
their  associates  in  wickedness  surround  him  and  so  soon  as  they  descried 
Makintosh  alone  in  the  hunting  seat,  they  attack  him  from  their  lurking 
places  and  treacherously  run  him  through  the  body,  in  his  34th  year.  In 
revenge  for  this  murder,  Donald  Makintosh  (otherwise  '  glas,'  or  wan 
complexioned)  son  of  Makintosh's  brother  William  and  Donald  Makintosh 
(otherwise  son  of  William,  son  of  Allan)  his  kinsman,  by  the  help  of 
Dominus^  MakGregor  who  had  married  the  deceased's  sister  apprehend 
John  M"=Callum  near  Anakelt  &^  A  M.S.  History  of  the  Makintoshes  in 
the  archives  of  Moy  Hall  states  of  the  lady  that  she  married  first  '  Lord 
MacGregor'  and  afterwards  'the  Baron  Kincarne.'  De  origine  et  incre- 
mento  Macintoshiorum  M.S.  in  MacFarlane's  Papers. 

"1527.  Item  Johnne  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstray,  ten  pundis  to  be  pait  at 
Lammas  in  anno  &''  xxvij  for  x  ky,  a  mere,  a  foil,  vi  lib  aittis^  sawin  of 
the  guidis  of  Duncan  Gromache,  not  provin,  and  the  rest  of  the  said 
Duncan  Gromache's  guids  gif  there  be  ony  to  be  reseruit  to  my  lord's  will, 

^  See  Chapter  III.,  page  34. 

2  How  called  Lord  is  not  known,  it  may  have  been  a  mistake  for  Laird,  and  so  translated  into 

'  Pounds  of  oats  sown. 

86  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

bot  gif  my  Lord  be  pleisit  yrfor. — Erie  of  Argyll's  '  Book  of  Casualties,'  pre- 
served in  Register  House,  Edinburgh. 

"  1527.  August  14th  at  Edinburgh.  Quo  die  Johannes,  Comes  Atholie  plegins 
devenit  ad  intranduni  Donaldem  Campbell  nominatum  ad  Abbacium  de 
Cowper  &  &.  Archibald  Campbell  son  of  Duncan  Campbell  Knight; 
James  Campbell  of  Lawers,  John  Campbell  his  brother,  Neill  Stewart, 
John  Stewart,  son  of  John  Stewart  Kt.  Gregour  Dougalsoune,^  John  and 
William  Dougalsoune,^  John  Makewin  Makalester  Captain  of  the  Clan- 
gregour,  Duncan  Bayne  his  cousin,  Duncan  Brek  his  Cousin,  Donald 
Patncksone  Duncan  Donaldsone,  Gregor  Patricksone,  Patrik  Duncansoun 
in  Dundwrne,-  James  his  brother,  Duncan  Campbell,  son  and  heir  of 
Duncan  Campbell  Kt.  ad  subcundum  leges  pro  arte  et  parte  convocationes 
ligeorum  Domini  Regis  ad  magnum  numerura  vemendi  super,  Patricium 
Charteris  Prepositum  de  Perth  die  festi  Corporis  Christi  ultimo  elapso, 
ipsum  invadendo  et  pergarte  et  parte  mutilationis.  Duncan  Cameron  et 
Patricii  Rutherford  Servitorum  dicte  Patricus. — Record  of  Justiciary. 

"1527.  Sept.  2.  Decreet  of  Removal,  obtained  at  the  instance  of  Andro 
Lord  Avondale,  who  has  the  gift  of  the  Ward,  Relief  and  Non  entry  of  the 
lands  and  Earldom  of  Lennox  against  the  tenants  of  the  said  ward  lands 
charging  them  to  cease  occupying  the  same,  among  whom  are  mentioned 
Patrick  ^rCregour  Malcolm  IVrCregour,  and  others. — Acta  Dominum 

"1528.  12  April.  John  M'^Ewen  M'^Allaster  Captain  of  the  Tribe  of  Glen- 
stray  died  at  Achallader  in  Glenurquhay  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son 

"Glenurquhay.  Item  Gregor  M'^Patrick  M'^Gregour  sail  pay  to  my 
Lord  for  the  ward  of  Johnne  M'^Gregouris  landis  of  Glenstray  Ix  merkis  at 
yir  termes  efter  written  viz  xx  merkis  at  the  Natuiite  of  our  Lady  (8th 
September)  in  anno  &l'^  xxviij,  xx  merkis  at  Andromas  (30th  November) 
eodem  anno,  and  xx  merkis  at  the  Natuiite  of  our  Lady  in  anno  &^  xxix. 
Plages  for  the  said  soume  Johnne  Campbell,  M'^Ane  vie  Ewin,  and  John 
M'^Donachie  M'^Gregour  conjunctim  et  divisim. 

"  Kinlochgoyle.  Duncan  Campbell  Robertsoun  Captain  of  Carrik  sail 
pay  to  my  lord  for  the  marriage  of  AFGregour  soun  and  ayr  sewyn  scoir  of 
merkis  at  yir  termis  efter  wrytin  the  thrid  part  of  the  said  soume  at  the  fair 
of  Lukemas  in  anno  &*  xxviij  the  thrid  part  of  the  said  soume  at  the  fair  of 
Lukemas  in  anno  &^  xxix  and  the  tother  thrid  part  at  the  nixt  Patrikmass 
yairefter  eodem  anno  Regij  for  the  said  soume. — Earl  of  Argyll's  '  Book  of 

^  Probably  sons  of  Dougall  Maol,  father  of  Dean  of  Lismore,  as  they  do  not  appear  to  have 
been  of  the  Dougal  Ciar  family.  ^  Family  of  Dundurn. 

Chartulary   1530  to   1532  87 

"1530.  May.     Slaughter  of  Alexr.   M'^Phatrick  Roy  and  Duncan  his  son  by 
Duncan  Brek  at  West  Culdar." 

In  the  course  of  1528  Allaster  MacGreg-or,  son  and  heir  of  John 
M'^Ewin  M'^Allaster,  was  formally  infeoffed  in  Glenstray  (General  Register 
House  of  Sasines,  as  quoted  by  MacGregor  Stirling),  but  at  that  time  he 
can  only  have  been  three  years  old,  because  in  1532  the  Curate  of  Fortingall 
states  that  "Alexander  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstra  our  Scheiff  was  bot  ane 
barne  of  7  yer  that  tyme."  Thus  the  provision  appointed  for  the  "  mar- 
riage of  M'^Greger  son  and  heir  "  was  evidently  a  sum  to  be  set  aside  for 
the  future  event. 

"  1530.  December  2d.  James  Campbell  of  the  Lawers  askit  instrumentis  that 
he  denyit  yat  he  is  Bailie  of  Ardowny  or  has  any  doo  yairw*"  and  y''foir 
renunceit  all  bailzeri  gif  he  ony  has  in  pins  of  the  Kingis  Grace,  and  Lordis 
foirsaidis  of  Ardownie.  The  Laird  of  Enoch  askit  instrumentis  yat  w'out 
sum  gud  reyle  be  finden  for  ye  ClanGregor  yat  he  may  not  ansuer  for  his 
landis  nor  be  bund  for  gud  reule  in  the  samyn  as  he  allegeit. — Acta 
Dom.  Con. 
"1531.  March.  Respite  by  James  V.  for  RebeUioun,  slaughter  to  M'^Gregor, 
M'^Clane,  Cayme,  Buquhannane,  fynne  Colquhoun  Layn. — Privy  Seal,  ix.  44. 
"  1531.  October  loth.  Before  certain  authorities  and  'Domini  Campbell  et 
Lome  Justiciar]]  GeneraHs.'  '  Quo  die  Gillespy  Makmakky  Finlaiius 
M'^Clintokech  Johannes  Dow  Makgregor,  Duncansoune,  Duncanus 
M'^Gregori  ejus  frater  in  Moreynche,  Duncanus  Dow  MTarlane,  Gillespie 
Dow  M'^Kinlay,  pro  arte  et  parte  fuote,  trium  bovium  et  duarum  vaccarum 
a  David  Drummond  et  suis  pauperibus  tenentibus  extra  terras  sue  asseda- 
tionis  terrarum  de  Myllenab.'  Outlawed  for  non-appearance. — Record  of 
"1532.  June  25th.  Johannes  Campbell,  frater  Duncani  Campbell  de  Glenur- 
quhy  et  Gillechristus  Makchernay  Tarloch^  w'  ye  ax.  Duncanus  Dow 
M'^Tarloch,  Johannes  Dow  M'^Nab,  Finlaius  M'^Way,  Donaldus  M'^Wane 
Duncanus  the  Maris  sone  in  Auchrio"",  Finlaius  ejus  filius,  Parlane  Aquanite 
(of  the  cudgell  i.e.  player  at  the  quarter  staff)  in  Killearne,  summoned  before 
the  Justice  for  convocating  the  lieges.  cum  Gregorio  owr,  Duncano 
M'^Phatrik  vore,  Donaldo  M'^Callich  voy  (roy),  Tarloch  Beg  in  Ardewnan, 
Donaldo  M'^Kessak,  Donald  ^  vardno  (mischancy)  M'^Gillip,  rebellibus.     All 

^  MacGregors  in  Morinch — at  the  North-West  end  of  Loch  Tay.     Their  ancestor  was  Gregor, 
son  of  Duncanbeg  of  Roro.     There  was  another  brother,  Patrick. 
-  "  Tearlach  "  Charles. 
^  May  not  this  word  rather  be  "  fortanach  "fortunate,  on  the  contrary. 

88  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

including  John  Campbell  (afterwards  Sir  John  Campbell  5th  Laird  of 
Glenurquhay  of  his  family,  and  father  of  Sir  Colin  6th  Laird)  fugitated. 
— Record  of  Justiciary. 

"1532.  i8th  July.  Johannes  MacGregor  alias  Williamson  in  Auchindothy  et 
Finlaius  Rede  in  Monze,  for  stealing  xxx  milch  cows  from  William 
Drummond  of  Ballakin  in  Strathern,  fugitated. — Record  of  Justiciary. 

"1533-  Nov.  15th.  Quo  die  Malcolmus  M'^Coule  Kere  M'^Gregour,  Duncanus 
M'^Gregour  et  Petricius  M'^Gregour  fratres ^  for  theft  'Cum  diver  sis  rebel- 
libus  Domini  Regis  de  la  Clangregour  in  October  last  from  Alexander 
Earl  of  Menteith  and  fugitated. — (ist  distinct  notice  of  this  tribe). 

"1534-5.  Item  sauld  to  Gregor  M'^Donche  V^Gregour  of  my  Lordis  former 
meal  of  Lochaw  ewer  of  the  crop  of  anno  1534  for  xxvj  si :  viij  pence  to  be 
pait  to  my  lord  at  Sanctandrosmess  day  anno  1535.  ij  bols  of  meal,  plege 
Johnne  ^rArthour  ofiicer  of  Lochaw  ewer. — Earl  of  Argyll's  'Book  of 

To  Duncan  M*^Gregour  of  my  lordis  fermes  meal  of  Lochaw  ewer  of  the 
said  crop  for  xxvj  shillings  viij  pence  to  be  pait  to  my  lord  the  said  day  ij 
bols. — Ibid. 

"1535.  July  20.  List  of  persons  fined  in  ;!^io  for  not  compearing  on  the 
assize  of  Sir  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss  for  intercommuning  with  Humphrey 
Galbraith  and  his  Complices,  Campbells,  Buchanans  and  Patricius  M'^Gregour. 
— Record  of  High  Court  of  Justiciary, 

"1537-8.  March  8th.  John  Menzies  of  Comrie  plege  for  entering  Andrew 
M'^Wiccar,  pro  arte  et  parte  incendis  and  combustionis  certarum  domorum 
infa  terres  de  Weme  in  compatina  de  ClanGregor  &^. — Justiciary  Record. 

"  1541.  April  nth.  Dischere  et  Toyer.  half  of  Dalgardy  to  John  M'^Gillireoch 
Corricarmyk  assedatur  Patricio  M'^Gregour  for  five  years  paying  yearly  3  pund 
6  and  8  pence  grassum  3  pund  6  and  8  pence  absque  pastura  et  Intromissione 
cum  foresta  de  Balmakane.  parts  of  the  lordship  to  Duncan  M'^Carbery 
part  of  Clochrane  to  Gregour,  Dougalstoun,  Skeag  to  him. — Rentale  Supremi 
Domini  nostri  Regis  in  Register  House. 

"  1541.  August  26.  A  Charter  Granted  by  Archibald  Campbell  de  Glenlyoun 
dated  at  Elgin  May  1538.  is  witnessed  by,  among  others,  Duncane 

"  1541.  September  13.  Gevin  to  William  Straitherne  for  his  expensis  passing  with 
twa  closs  writings  to  Walter  M'Farlane,  and  M'Gregour  with  diligence,  xliijs. 

"1541.  Nov.  Item  gevin  to  Alexander  hutoun  for  passing  to  M'^Gregour  and 
AUane  Stewart  of  Baquhidder^  with  twa  closs  writingis  .  .  .  iij  li." — Lord 
High  Treasurer's  Books. 

^  Dougall  Kier  Family. 

^  M'Gregour  thus  appears  to  have  lived  in  or  near  Balquhidder. 

Chartulary   1543   to    1548  89 

After  the  disastrous  defeat  of  the  Scottish  Army  at  Solway  Moss,  Nov. 
25,  1542,  King  James  V.  expired  on  the  13th  Dec.  same  year,  leaving  a 
daughter  only  six  days  old,  to  begin  her  life  of  trial  as  our  Queen  Mary. 

"1543.  Dec.  II.  Anent  the  summondis  raisit  at  the  instance  of  Duncane 
MacGregour  present  tenant  to  Johnne  Campbell  of  Calder  Kt  for  spoliation 
of  his  corns,  Delayed  till  24.  Jan. — Register  Decreet  of  Court  Session. 

"  1546.  August  14.  Letter  to  Archibald  Erie  of  Ergyle  Escheit  of  M'^Farlanes, 
Buchanans,  John  Bane  M'^Callane,  in  Corroclaid,  Dougal  M'^Gregour  sone 
thair,  Duncan  M'^Coulekerry  M'^Gregour  George  (Gregor)  M'^Robb  alias 
M'^Gregour  there  &^  Sz".  killing  50  persons  servants  of  the  Governor  at  the 
Townend  of  Dumbartone  in  July  last. — Record  of  the  Privy  Seal. 

"1549-50.  Jan.  29.  Joannes  M'^Gregour  Clavigeris  (q.  d.  Chamberlain  or 
Secretary.)  along  with  Alexander  Menzies  of  Rannoch  witnesses  a 
discharge  by  Elizabeth  Colquhoun  relict  of  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenur- 
chay. — General  Register  of  Decreets  of  Council  and  Session  in  Register 

"  1546.  August  14.  Gift  of  Escheat  to  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyle,  of  all  goods 
&''  which  pertained  to  Walter  MacFarlane  of  Ardlesc  Andro  M*^Farlane  his 
son  and  heir  &a  John  Bain  M'^Allane  in  Carronclaid,  Dougall  M'^Gregour 
son  there,  Duncan  M'^Cowlekerr  (Dougalkeir)  M'^Gregor  Robert  Roy 
M'^Gregour  his  man  George  M'^Jok  alias  M'^Gregour  in  Cragcrostan  and 
many  others  at  the  horn  for  being  '  art  and  part  in  the  tressonable  cuming 
to  the  townend  of  Dumbertane  in  the  month  of  July  bypast  and  crewall 
slauchter  of  fifty  personis,  servantis  to  mylord  Governour  and  Lordis,  being 
with  him  in  cumpany  and  for  the  reiffing  steling  and  thiftuous  awaytaking  of 
four  scoir  80  of  hors  at  the  samyn  tyme  apertening  to  my  Lord  Governour 
and  Lordis  foresaidis.  and  for  sorning,  reiff  and  oppressioun  done  be  thame 
upoun  the  inhabitants  of  the  Levenax  and  utheris  pairtis  thairabout  and  for 
thair  tressonable  being  in  company  with  the  auld  inymies  of  Ingland  (?)  in 
burning  of  divers  pairties  of  Hir  Graces  realme  and  specialie  of  the  town  of 
Dunune,  or  be  quhatsumevir  manner  of  way  sail  happin  or  may  pertene  to 
hiv  Hienes,  with  power  &a. 

"1547.  March  6.  Gregor  Patrikson  MacGregor — died  in  Glenurquhay  at 

"1548.  Gift  of  Escheat  to  Margaret  Nykferlane  relict  of  Donald  MacGregor 
in  Glenlochye,  John  Dowsoun,  her  heirs  &a  of  all  goods  which  pertained  to 
the  said  deceased  Donald  MacGregour  her  spouse  and  now  through  his 
decease  in  her  Majesteis  hands  be  reason  that  the  said  Donald  was  born 
bastard.  Edin.  Sep.  28. 

"  1548.  Nov.  15.    Gift  to  Hugh  Morye  commendator  of  the  priory  of  Strathfillan 


90  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

his  heirs  &a  which  pertained  to  the  deceased  .  .  .  Johnstoun'MacGregour 
son  natural  to  John  Dow  Duncanson  M'^Gregour  in  Mureloganemore  in 
Glenlochy  in  the  shire  of  Perth,  escheat  through  the  said  John  being  born 

John  Dow  Duncansoun  was  himself  a  natural  son  of  Duncan  MacGregor 
in  Moreloganemore,  but  in  1528  a  royal  letter  was  given  to  enable  him  to 
inherit  property  the  same  as  if  he  were  legitimate.^ 

The  country  of  Rannoch  had  been  inhabited  by  MacGregors  from 
early  days,  and  confident  in  what  they  conceived  to  be  their  right  of 
possession  and  their  position  as  king's  tenants,  they  became  undoubtedly 
thorns  in  the  side  of  those  who  had  been  given  charters  over  their  heads. 
The  Clan  Menzies  ^  do  not  appear  to  have  been  very  exacting,  but  the 
Campbells  lost  no  opportunity  of  endeavouring  to  sow  strife  between  the 
ClanGregor  and  their  neighbours.  The  following  passages  are  taken, 
by  permission,  from  the  "  Red  and  White  Book  of  Menzies,"  by  D.  P. 
Menzies,  F.S.Scot.^ 

After  stating  that  the  left  wing  of  the  English  was  cut  to  pieces  at 
Flodden  by  the  Clans,  including  Menzies,  MacGregors,  &a,  it  continues  ; — 

"On  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  receiving  all  he  could  from  Sir  Robert  in  con- 
nection with  his  liferent  of  the  lands  of  Crannoch,  which  gave  him  a  footing  on 
Loch  Tayside,  he  then,  for  the  purpose  of  forcing  the  Menzies  to  sell  these  lands, 
secretly,  by  misrepresentations  and  other  influences,  stirred  up  the  MacGregors 
and  other  unsophisticated  kindly  tenants  of  the  Menzieses  to  violate  the  laws  of  the 
land,  and  thereby  embroiling  Sir  Robert  into  difficulties  with  the  Crown  for  the 
acts  of  his  tenants.  These  lawless  men  were  not  all  MacGregors,  but  they  were 
saddled  with  these  crimes  by  their  would  be  friend  Campbell. 

".  ...  Sir  Robert  'therefore  on  giving  his  son  a  grant  of  Rannoch  bound  him 
not  to  let  these  lands  in  life  rents  or  long  leases.  It  had  been  made  clear  to  Sir 
Robert  that  the  Campbells  had  in  secret  made  use  of  the  MacGregors  to  ravish  his 
lands  so  that  he  would  get  disgusted  with  such  a  state  of  affairs,  and  would  there- 
fore let  or  sell  the  lands  on  easy  terms  to  the  Campbells.  This  is  quite  obvious, 
as  there  never  was  any  difference  between  the  Menzies  and  the  MacGregors  who 

^  A  copy  of  the  letter  which  was  written  in  Latin  is  given  in  the  "  Chartulary,"  but  is  omitted 
here  as  unimportant. 

2  Charter  of  the  lands  of  Rannoch,  to  Robert  Menzies  of  Menzies,  ist  Sept.  1502,  on  lease. 
See  Chapter  IV.,  page  40. 

3  Published  October  1894. 


MacGregors  in   Rannoch    1 518  to   1530     91 

were  their  kindly  tenants  and  kinsmen  (?).  until  the  crafty  Campbells  came  as  evil 
spirits  among  those  peaceful  Celts.'  Sir  Robert  therefore  procured  a  second 
obligation  from  his  son  William  Menzies  not  to  let  his  lands  of  Roro  ^  in  Glenlyon, 
to  the  Campbells  or  the  Chief  MacGregor. 

"  Obligation  not  to  set  Rorow  to  Campbells  nor  the  Chief  of  MacGregor  : —  ^ 
Perth,  22.  Feb.  15 18.  We  William  Menzies  and  Jonat  Campbell  my  spouse  binds 
and  oblissis  vs,  and  the  langer  levand  of  vs  tua  to  ane  honourable  man  Schir 
Robert  Menzeis  of  that  ilk,  knyght,  that  we  sal  gif  na  takkis  nor  set  in  assedatioun 
the  tuelf  merkislands  of  Rorowis,  with  the  pertinentis  liand  in  the  barony  of 
Menzeis  and  Schirefdom  of  Perth,  quhilkis  we  haif  of  the  said  Sir  Robert  to  nane 
berand  the  surname  of  Campbell,  nor  to  the  Chief  of  the  ClanGregor,  vnder  pain 
of  ane  hundreth  pundis  to  be  payt  to  the  said  Robert  for  costis,  scathis,  and 
expenses.  Indorsed  The  oblygatioun  that  Rorow  sail  nocht  be  set  to  the  Camp- 
bells na  Scheyff  of  the  ClanGregour. — Charter  Room  of  Castle  Menzies." 

It  is  stated  in  the  "  Lairds  of  Glenlyon,"  by  Mr  Duncan  Campbell, 
that  the  second  daughter  of  this  Sir  Robert  Menzies  (who  died  in  1523) 
married  MacGregor  of  Roro. 

"  For  every  theft  or  violation  of  the  law  done  by  the  MacGregors  (or  by 
caterans  or  outlaws)  the  government  held  Sir  Robert  responsible  as  Lord  of 
Rannoch.  He  petitioned  the  government  to  be  relieved  of  this  burden.  This  he 
urged  in  1530.  by  'asking  instruments  that  without  some  good  rule  be  found  for 
the  ClanGregor  he  may  not  be  to  answer  for  them  on  his  lands,  nor  be  burden  for 
good  rule  in  the  same.' — Book  of  Menzies. 

"  The  MacGregors  of  Glenstray  seem  to  have  been  on  the  best  of  terms  with 
Sir  Alexander  Menzies  (son  and  successor  to  Sir  Robert)  and  for  years  they  held 
the  lands  of  Archty  east  and  others  in  Rannoch  where  they  had  power  from  Sir 
Alexander  to  sublet  these  lands  to  any  of  the  ClanGregor  with  the  exception  of 
Duncan  Ladosach. 

"  Lease  by  Alexander  Menzies  of  Rannoch  to  John  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  of 
the  twenty  merkland  of  Rannoch  '  fra  the  watter  of  Aracty  est '  which  had  been 
held  by  the  father  of  the  said  John  for  seven  years  for  the  payment  of  ;^2o  yearly 
and  for  the  other  customary  service.  The  right  is  given  to  sublet  the  lands  to  any 
person  except  'Duncan  M'^Gregor  M'^Phadrick,^  and  his  barnis.'  Perth,  4.  Oct. 
1548. — Menzies." 

^  Mention  is  made  of  the  "  Roros  and  Glenlyoun  "  in  a  charter  to  Sir  Robert  Menzies,  1510. 
^  Duncan  Ladosach. 

'^  This  was  not  Duncan  Ladosach,  as  his  patronymics  were  Duncan  MacGregor  mor  V^Gregor 

Chapter  IX 

Duncan  Ladasach 

DUNCAN  LADASACH,  who  the  "Baronage"^  mentions  as  having 
acquired  the  lands  of  Ardchoill,^  seems  to  have  been  an  object  of 
peculiar  terror  and  aversion  to  Sir  Cohn  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay,  the  6th 
Campbell  Laird.  In  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  there  is  a  satirical 
ballad  entitled  "  Duncen  Laideus  alis  Makgregouris  Testament,"  the  writer 
of  which  is  not  known,  but  throughout  which  the  gall  of  the  penman  in  abuse 
of  the  warrior,  with  whom  his  Clan  was  at  deadly  feud,  is  virulently  displayed. 
A  passage  from  an  interesting  work  entitled  "  The  Lairds  of  Glenlyon  "^ 
may  explain  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay's  position  at  this  time.  Quoting 
first  from  the  "  B.B.  of  Taymouth  "  where  it  is  said  of 

"  Colene  sext  Laird  of  Glenurquhay  "  that  he  "  was  Laird  induring  the  space  of 
threttie-thre  zeiris,  in  the  quhilk  tyme  he  conquesit  the  few  of  the  kingis  landis  and 
Charter-hous  landis  in  Braydalbane,  the  tackis  quhairoff  his  predecessouris  obtenit," 

the  writer  continues — 

"  In  addition  to  this  he  had  acquired  the  '  superioritie  of  M'^Nab  his  haill 
landis.'  He  was  actually  possessor  of  the  greater  part,  and  with  the  exception  of 
Struan's  small  Barony  of  Fernay,  or  Fernan,  and  a  few  other  small  bits  of  land, 
was  Lord  Superior  and  Bailie  of  the  different  Baronies  and  Lordships  of  Breadal- 
bane.  With  the  most  ample  feudal  privileges,  and  though  his  predecessors  had 
land  and  manrent  in  the  district  for  nearly  a  century,  he  was  still  but  a  stranger  in 
a  strange  land,  in  which  his  footing  was  but  precarious,  and  the  authority  granted 
by  the  King  far  from  being  satisfactorily  acknowledged  and  obeyed.  At  that  time 
the  feudal  charter,  until  the  title  of  the  holder  was  recognised  and  confirmed  by 
the  so-called  vassals,  according  to  the  old  Celtic  custom,  that  is,  by  acknowledging 

^  See  page  30. 

-  In  Glen  Dochart. 

•"'  The  Lairds  of  Glenlyon,"  historical  sketches  contributed  to  the  Perthshire  Advertiser,  1855-58 
by  Mr  Duncan  Campbell,  parish  schoolmaster  of  Fortingall,  and  now  editor  of  the  Northern 
Chronical,  Inverness.  The  sketches  have  been  collected  by  Sir  Donald  Currie,  M.P.,  in  a  volume 
printed  for  private  circulation,  together  with  another  volume  of  the  same  nature  entitled  "The 
Book  of  Garth  and  Fortingall,"  and  are  quoted  here  by  the  kind  permission  of  Mr  Campbell. 

1547]  Duncan   Ladasach  93 

him  as  chief,  and  granting  him  the  calp  ^  of  chieftainship,  was  little  else  than  a  piece 
of  useless  parchment.  A  landlord  in  order  to  have  the  use  and  mastery  of  his  pos- 
sessions, must  either  conciliate  or  extirpate  the  inhabitants.  The  Laird  of  Glen- 
orquhay  was  not  in  a  position  to  adopt  the  latter  alternative,  and  he  therefore 
eagerly  and  skilfully  seized  upon  the  former.  Breadalbane  was  at  that  time 
inhabited  mostly  by  several  old  colonies  or  sections  of  distant  clans,  who  had  come 
under  the  auspices  of  different  lord-superiors,  to  occupy  the  places  of  those  ancient 
inhabitants  upon  whom  confiscation  and  death  had  fallen  on  account  of  their 
accession  to  the  long  sustained,  and  to  Bruce  almost  fatal,  opposition  of  M'^Dougal 
of  Lorn.  The  inhabitants  of  Breadalbane  were  thus  made  up  from  five  or  more 
separate  sources,  and  except  the  M'^Nabs,  a  supposed  branch  of  the  ClanGregor, 
none  of  the  sections  had  a  chieftain.  This  gave  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay  the 
precious  opportunity  of  establishing  his  judicial  authority,  and  the  band  of  manrent 
and  calp  of  Ceann-Cinne  naturally  followed,  from  men  alive  to  feelings  of  gratitude, 
for  having  been  by  the  aid  of  the  Bailie  rescued  from  oppressors,  and  confirmed  in 
their  rights.  Every  act  of  judicial  authority  added  what  was  both  absolutely 
necessary  for  the  safe  exercise  of  that  authority  and  the  gradual  vindication  of 
feudal  possession,  a  willing  recruit  to  the  standard  of  the  'justiciar.'  It  may 
sound  strange  to  present  landlords  that,  three  hundred  years  ago,  a  proprietor 
could  exercise  no  privilege  of  property  till  mutual  kindness  produced  a  bond  of 
brotherhood  between  him  and  his  vassals,  till  a  democratic  election  confirmed  the 
royal  charter  and  the  calp  of  clanship  superseded  the  feudal  enfeoffment.  No 
suspicion  appears  to  have  crossed  the  Celtic  mind  that  despicable  parchment  right 
to  the  soil  was  sufficient  to  confer  the  personal  pre-eminence  which,  in  the  absence 
of  hereditary  chiefs,  they,  even  they,  with  their  wild  notions  of  unrestrained  free- 
dom, had  for  the  sake  of  internal  union,  and  for  giving  edge  to  defensive  or 
offensive  policy,  found  it  at  all  times  requisite  to  support,  but  which  as  uniformly 
they  had  insisted  upon  creating  for  themselves,  through  means  of  a  rude 

The  preceding  able  description  of  the  then  state  of  matters  will  best 
explain  the  following  bonds  of  "  Manrent,"  which  are  to  be  found  in  the 
"  Black  Book  of  Taymouth,"  corresponding  with  this  period  : — 

"The  second  day  of  Junii  anno  domini  1547  zeris  at  the  castell  of  Glenurquhay 
Donald  M<=Gillekeyr,  Fynla  M'^Gillekeyr  his  son,  Duncan  M<=Gillekeyr  and  Neill 
M^CouU   V^Illekeyr,  Mylcallum   M'^CouU   V^Illekeyr,    Finlay   M'^Ane  V^Kyndlo, 

^ "  An  exaction  made  by  a  superior,  especially  by  the  Head  of  a  Clan,  on  his  tenants  and  other 
dependants,  for  maintenance  and  protection.  This  was  generally  the  best  horse,  ox,  or  cow  the 
retainer  had  in  his  possession  "  (Jamieson's  "  Dictionary  ").  It  seems  only  to  have  become  due  at  the 
decease  of  the  clansman.     Calpach  or  Colpach  in  Gaelic  means  a  Heifer. — Editor. 

94  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1550 

Donald  M'^Hewin  V^Illekeyr,  John  oyr  M'^CouU  V^Illekeyr  for  thame  and  thair 

"  Thai  and  ilk  ane  of  thaym  hes  ....  chosyn  of  thayr  awyn  fre  motywe  .... 
ane  honorable  man  Jhon  Cambell  of  Glenurquhay  and  his  ayris  to  their  cheyf  to 
be  thair  protector  ....  in  all  just  actionis  ....  as  ayne  cheyf  dois  in  the 
contreis  of  the  helandis  and  sail  haif  landis  of  me  in  assedatioun  for  the  payment 
afor  wderis  ....  and  quhen  ony  of  thaym  decessis  sail  leyf  to  me  or  my  ayris  ane 
cawylpe  of  kenkynie  -  as  is  usit  in  the  contreis  aboutis,  befor  thir  witnesses  &".  &^ 
....  And  atour  thay  hayf  promest  to  bryng  all  the  layf  of  thair  kyn  that  thay  may 
to  the  sammyn  effek  ....  and  for  the  mair  securite  the  pairt  remanent  witht  Jhon 
Cambell  the  saydis  persones  aboun  hes  subscriuit  witht  thair  awyn  handis  led  at 
the  pen  ....  be  the  viccar  of  Inchadyn 

Donald  M'^Gillekeyr  with  my  hand  led  at  the  pen. 

Fynla  M'^Gillekeyr  and  Duncan  his  broder  our  hands 

led  at  the  pen. 

Neill  M'^CouU  V^Illekeyr  and  Malcum  his  broder  do.  do. 

Fynla  M^Ane  V^Indlo  do.  do. 

Donald  M'^Hewin  V^Illekeyr  do.  do. 

Jhon  Oyr  M'^Coull  V=Illekeyr  siclyk. 

And  in  1550  another  interesting  bond  ^ — 

Alexander  M'^Patrick  V^Condoqhuy  is  becumyn  of  his  awin  fre  will  ane  .... 
faythtfuU  seruand  to  CoUyne  Cambell  of  Glenwrquay  and  his  ayris  for  all  the  dais 
....  of  his  lyftyme  ....  incontrar  all  ...  .  personis  the  authorite  beand 
excepit  alanerly  baith  till  ryd  and  gang  on  horss  and  futt  in  Heland  and  Lawland 
upon  the  said  CoUynys  expenses.  And  gif  it  happinnys  ony  difference  betuixt  the 
said  CoUyne  his  ayries  and  M'^Gregour  his  Cheyff  ....  the  said  Alexander  sail 
nocht  stand  with  ane  of  theme  bot  he  sail  be  ane  ewinly  man  for  baith  the  pairties. 
Attour  the  said  Alexander  hes  made  ....  the  said  CoUyne  and  his  ayris  his  ...  . 
assingnaris  to  his  takys  ....  of  ony  landis  and  specially  of  the  ten  merkland  of 
Wester  Morinche  *  now  occupyit  be  the  said  Alexander  and  his  subtennendis  and 
allse  hes  nominat  the  said  CoUyne  and  ....  his  ayris  ....  his  executours  and 
intromittours  witht  all  ...  .  his  gudis  mowible  and  immowible  that  he  happinnis 
to  hef  the  tyme  of  his  decess,  and  that  in  cace  he  hef  nay  barnis  lewand  at  that  tyme 

^  These  all  belong  to  the  Dougall  Ciar  Family,  to  be  considered  later. 

2  "  Ceann  Cinnidh  "— "  Head  of  the  Tribe." 

'  Descendants  of  Duncan  Beg  (see  Obituary  1477)  settled  at  Moreninch  at  the  south-west  end 
of  Loch  Tay.  Moreninch  was  the  property  of  Menzies  of  Menzies  of  Weem  at  that  time  and  till 
about  1600  when  it  was  bought  by  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy. 

■*  Allusion  is  made  to  this  Alexander  twenty  years  later  as  son  of  Patrick,  son  of  Duncan  ;  he  was 
probably  nephew  of  the  two  brothers,  Duncan  MacGregor  in  Moreynche  and  John  Dow,  son  of 
Duncan,  mentioned  in  entry  October  1531. 

'55']  Duncan  Ladasach 


lauchtfully  gottyn.  .  .  .  For  the  quhilk  the  said  Collyne  and  his  ayris  sail  defend 
the  forsaid  Alexander  in  all  his  just  actionis  ....  the  authorite  my  Lord  of  Argyle 
and  thair  actionis  alanerly  excepyt.  .  .  .  Acta  meridiem  presentibus  ibidem  Alex- 
andre Menzies  de  Rannocht,  Joanne  M'^Emeweyr  et  magistro  Willelmo  Ramsay 
notario  publico  testibus.     loth  Julii  1550." 

Notwithstanding  this  band  with  Glenurquhay,  Alexander  MTatrick 
V^Condoqhuy  seems  to  have  acted  on  his  own  account  in  some  encounter 
as  shown  by  the  following,  found  in  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1550,  October  31st.  'Gregour  Dougalsoune'  Pledge  for  'Alexander  Oure 
(dun  or  sallow)  M'^Patrick  M'^Gregor,'  and  Nicol  IVrKintaylzeor  for  art  and  part  of 
the  slaughter  of  the  late  John  IVrDonald  Bayne.  Not  appearing  fugitated. — Record 
of  Justiciary." 

In  the  preface  to  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth,"  Mr  Cosmo  Innes 
gives  an  indictment  which  shows  that  Duncan  Ladosach  resented  either 
this  slaughter,  or  Allaster  Our's  defection  to  an  adopted  Chief. 

"On  the  26th  of  November  1551,  'The  Queen's  advocate  set  forth  that  Duncan 
Laudes  and  Gregour  his  sone  recently,  namely  opoun  Sounday  the  22nd  day  of 
November  instant  at  sex  houris  at  even  under  silence  of  nycht,  be  way  of  hamesukin, 
cam  to  the  hous  of  Alaster  owir,  alias  M'^Gregoure,  servand  to  Coline  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhay  of  the  lands  of  Moreis  and  be  force  take  him  furth  of  his  said  hous, 
and  be  way  of  murthure  straik  him  with  whingearis  and  crewellie  slew  him  and 
spulzeit  and  tuke  fra  him  his  purs,  and  in  it  the  soume  of  fourty  poundis  incontinent 
thireftir  past  to  the  landis  of  Killing  to  the  hous  of  ane  pure  man  callit  Johnne 
M'^Bayne  Pipare,  and  thair  assegit  the  said  hous  and  brak  the  durris  thairof  and  be 
force  tuke  the  said  Johne  furth  of  the  samyn,  and  straik  his  heid  fra  his  body  and 
crewellie  slew  him  and  gaif  him  divers  uther  straikis  with  whingearis  in  his  body.'  " 

Duncan  Ladosach  and  his  son  were  afterwards  outlawed  and  put  to 
the  horn.^  Sir  Colin  Campbell  engaged  certain  persons  to  pursue  the  said 
Duncan ;  in  this  case,  as  in  many  others,  the  Laird  of  Glenurchy  having 
recourse  to  strangers  and  not  to  his  own  Clan. 

"  Band  to  pursue  to  the  deid  Duncane  Laudosach. 

"Be  it  kend  till  all  men,  We  James  Stewart  sone  to  Walter  Stewart  of  Ballin- 
doran,  Alexander  Dormond  and  Malcolme  Dormond,  yonger  to  hawe  gewin  our 

^  To  put  the  horn,  in  Scotch  Law  is  to  denounce  as  a  rebel ;  to  outlaw  a  person  for  not  appear- 
ing in  the  Court  to  which  he  is  summoned.  This  is  done  by  a  messenger-at-arms,  who  proceeds  to 
the  cross  of  Edinburgh,  and  amongst  other  formalities  gives  three  blasts  with  a  horn,  by  which  the 
person  is  understood  to  be  proclaimed  rebel  to  the  King  for  contempt  of  his  authority. — Dr  Ogilvie's 
"Imperial  Dictionary." 

96  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1551 

band  of  manrent  to  .  .  .  Colline  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  and  his  ayris  ;  Duncan 
Campbell  sone  and  apperand  air  to  Archibald  Campbell  of  Glenlioun  and  his 
airis  ...  for  all  the  days  of  our  lyvetyme  in  all  actiones  .  .  .  and  in  speciale 
that  we  sail  dispone  owrselffis  at  our  haill  power  wytht  our  kyn,  freyndis  and  part 
takeris  to  invade  and  persew  to  the  deid  Duncane  Laudosach  M'^Gregour,  Gregour 
his  sone,  thair  seruandis,  part  takeris  and  complices  in  all  bundis  and  cuntreis 
quhair  euer  thai  sail  happyn  to  mak  resydens  be  reasoun  that  thai  are  our  deidlie 
enemies  and  our  Souerane  Ladeis  rebeUis.  And  lykwiss  salbe  redye  ...  to  serve 
the  .  .  .  saidis  Colline  and  Duncane  and  thair  airis  upon  thair  .  .  .  expenssis 
baytht  in  the  Heland  and  Lawland  aganes  all  maner  of  .  .  .  persones,  the  Quenis 
Grace  hir  authorite,  the  Earl  of  Menteytht  and  the  Lord  Drummond,  allanerlie 
exceptit.  In  witness  of  the  quhilk  thing  because  we  culd  nocht  subscrywe  our 
selfhs  we  have  for  us  causit  the  notare  onder  wrytin  subscrywe  the  samyn  witht  our 
handis  tuechand  the  pen,  at  the  He  of  Loch-Tay  the  xi  day  of  Marche  the  zeir  of 
God  M.V.  fifty  ane  zeir  (1551)  befoir  thir  witnesses  Allexander  Menzies  of  Rannocht, 
Thomas  Graham  of  Calzemuk,  Andro  Toscheocht  of  Monze,  Patrick  Campbell, 
Johnn  Mawire  and  Andro  Quhit  notar  publicus. 

James  Stewart  wytht  my  hand  at  the  pen. 

Alexander  Dormond  wytht  my  hand  led  at  the  pen. 

I  ta  est  Andreas  Quhit  notarius  publicus." 

It  is  impossible  to  fathom  the  reasons  which  led  Sir  Colin,  the  following 
year,  to  reconcile  himself  to  M'^Gregor. 

"  Be  it  kend  to  all  men — Me  Colyne  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  grants  me  to 
have  ressavit  Duncane  ^rCregour  and  Gregour  his  sone  into  my  menteinance  in 
all  thir  just  actionis  in  so  far  as  I  may  of  law,  and  gude  conscience,  and  atour  to 
have  forgevine  the  saidis  Duncane  and  Gregour  thair  sarvandis  complices  and  part 
takers  the  zeil  of  luf  and  gude  conscience  moving  me  to  the  samyn,  all  manner  of 
actionis  and  faltis  thay  ony  of  them  hes  committit  to  me  providing  alwais  that  the 
saidis  Duncane  and  Gregour  fulfill  thair  band  and  manrent  maid  to  me  and  my 
airis  in  all  pointis.  Forquhilkes  grantis  me  to  have  given  to  the  saidis  Duncane 
and  Gregour  thair  eschitis  of  all  thair  gudis  movabill  and  unmovabill,  quhilkis  I 
purchist  at  my  Lord  Governouris  handis,  tha  beand  for  the  tyme  our  sourane 
Ladeis  rebellis  and  now  ressavit  to  hir  heiness  peace  and  my  favouris.  In  witness 
wherof  I  hes  subscriuit  this  my  letter  of  meintenance  at  the  He  of  Lochtay  the 
secund  day  of  Mail  the  year  of  God  Mvc.  fifty  tua  yeris  befor  thir  witnesses 
Alexander  Menzies  of  Rannocht,  Patrick  Campbell,  David  Tosheocht,  and 
Alexander  Maknab,  Gregour  Clerk  ^  and  Andro  Quhit  notar  publico. 

CoLVN  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay. 

'  Slain  by  Ewin  ^rDuncan  VGregor  de  Roro,  Sept.  22,  1552. — Chron.  Fort. 

1552]  Duncan   Ladasach  97 

This  letter  of  maintenance  is  the  more  remarkable  because,  within  a 
month  afterwards,  Sir  Colin  succeeded  (by  treachery,  it  is  said)  in  getting 
both  his  recently-accepted  friends  into  his  power,  and  slaughtering  them. 

The  following  tradition  is  told  in  the  "Lairds  of  Glenlyon"^  as  a 
legend,  which  may  possibly  explain  Glenurchay's  temporary  reconciliation 
with  Duncan  Ladosach  : — 

"  MacGregor  of  Dunan,  in  Rannoch,  had  committed  great  herships  on  the  lands 
of  the  Campbells  in  every  direction,  and  particularly  on  those  of  Campbell  of 
Glenurchay.  The  latter  did  all  in  his  power  to  take  him  dead  or  alive;  but 
M'^Gregor,  notwithstanding,  not  only  eluded  his  enemy,  but  continued  to  commit 
greater  depredations.  At  last  Glenurchay  offered  terms  of  amity  and  peace,  and 
proposed  a  conference  at  the  newly-built  Casde  of  Balloch  (Taymouth),  with  a 
certain  number  of  friends  on  both  sides,  to  settle  disputes,  and  ratify  the  relations 
of  friendship  into  which  the  parties  were  about  to  enter.  Glenurchay  did  all  this 
deceitfully,  thinking  thus  to  capture  M'^Gregor  and  his  principal  followers  when  off 
their  guard.  M'^Gregor,  not  suspecting  the  snare,  set  off  for  Balloch  at  the  time 
proposed,  accompanied  by  the  number  of  men  agreed  upon.  On  the  top  of 
Drummond,  the  hill  overlooking  the  castle  and  meadows  of  Taymouth,  they 
encountered  an  old  man,  who,  on  bended  knees,  before  a  huge,  grey  stone, 
appeared  to  be  repeating  his  orisons  in  a  state  of  great  perturbation.  Struck 
with  a  thing  so  unusual,  M'^Gregor,  drawing  near,  discovered  the  old  man  was 
repeating  the  prayers  for  the  dead,  with  which  ever  and  anon  the  following  sentence 
mixed  :  '  To  thee,  grey  stone,  I  tell  it,  but  when  the  black  bull's  head  appears, 
M^^Gregor's  sword  can  hardly  save  the  owner's  fated  head.  Deep  the  dungeon, 
sharp  the  axe — and  short  the  shrift.'  M'^Gregor  saw  at  once  the  toils  were  set  for 
him,  and  that  the  old  man  had  taken  this  round-about  way  of  apprising  him  of  the 
vile  conspiracy,  for  fear  of  the  laird,  and  in  consequence  of  being  sworn  to  secrecy. 
He  proceeded  on  his  way,  however.  Glenurchay  received  him  with  the  most 
cordial  appearance  of  kindness.  Dinner  was  laid  for  them  in  the  great  hall  of  the 
Castle,  each  Campbell  having  a  M*^Gregor  on  his  right  hand — a  circumstance  giving 
the  latter  a  very  decided  advantage  in  the  melee  which  followed.  The  introduction 
of  the  black  bull's  head,  and  a  simultaneous  clatter  of  armed  men  in  an  adjoining 
chamber,  put  the  M'^Gregors  into  an  attitude  of  defence.  Snatching  the  dagger 
stuck  in  the  table  before  him,  which  a  few  moments  previous  he  had  used  in  cutting 
his  meat,  M'^Gregor  held  its  point  within  an  inch  of  the  heart  of  Glenurchay,  while 

1  The  author  of  this  work,  Mr  Duncan  Campbell,  supposes  throughout  that  Duncan  Ladosach 
was  acting  as  tutor  for  the  young  Glenstray  Chief,  but  we  do  not  find  any  evidence  or  mention 
of  Duncan  as  tutor.  It  was  Gregor  M'^Patrick  who,  in  1528,  got  the  ward  of  the  lands  of 


98  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1552 

with  the  other  hand  he  compressed  his  throat.  His  men  following  promptly  the 
example  of  the  leader  .  .  .  the  M'^Gregors  carried  off  captive  the  Baron  and  some 
of  his  principal  retainers,  the  armed  vassals,  at  the  earnest  request  of  the  Baron 
himself,  whose  life  the  least  attempt  on  their  part  to  rescue  him  would  endanger, 
offering  no  resistance.  M'^Gregor  crossed  by  the  boat  at  Kenmore,  dragged  his 
captive  to  the  top  of  Drummond,  and  there  and  then  forced  Glenurchay  to  subscribe 
an  ample  pardon  and  remission  for  all  past  injuries,  and  a  promise  of  friendship  for 
the  future." 

The  legend  is  characteristic  of  the  times,  but  although  the  writer 
suggests  that  the  hero  may  have  been  Duncan  Ladosach,  it  would  hardly 
have  been  possible  at  his  supposed  advanced  age. 

The  "  Baronage  "  gives  the  following  narrative  : — 

"  Some  disputes  having  occurred  between  Gregor,  eldest  son  of  Duncan,  and 
Doncha  Dubh  a  Churic  (this  is  a  mistake,  it  was  his  father,  Colin),  ancestor  of  a 
great  family  in  the  neighbourhood,  about  some  marches,  a  friendly  meeting  was 
appointed  to  be  held  at  Killin  for  adjusting  those  differences ;  but  Doncha  Dubh 
(Colin)  in  the  meantime  having  hired  no  less  than  eight  assassins,  they  were  con- 
cealed in  a  closet  off  the  room,  where  the  meeting  was  held ;  from  which  upon  a 
certain  signal  they  rushed  out  upon  the  too  credulous  and  unguarded  Gregor, 
however  he  made  shift  to  get  out  of  the  house,  and  jumping  into  a  deep  pool 
of  the  water  of  Lochy  which  ran  close  by,  he  dragged  several  of  the  assassins  after 
him,  but  from  the  number  of  stabs  he  had  received  from  their  dirks,  and  the  loss  of 
blood  in  swimming,  he  was  so  weak  when  he  got  to  the  opposite  bank,  that  the 
ruffians  easily  finished  his  life.  But  not  yet  satisfied  with  this  cruelty,  Gregor's 
horse  was  sent  as  a  token  to  his  father,  and  though  it  is  said  he  dreaded  some  evil, 
he  went,  and  was  also  murdered  in  the  venerable  looth  year  of  his  age.  Several 
mournful  songs  made  on  this  occasion  are  still  preserved.  At  this  time  Doncha 
Dubh  seized  upon  the  whole  estates  of  this  family  which  with  some  interruptions, 
his  posterity  enjoyed  ever  since." 

Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  in  the  "  Chartulary,"  supposes  this  event  to 
have  taken  place  in  1559-60  or  61  ;  but  by  the  following  entry  in  the 
Obituary  of  the  "  Chronical  of  Fortingal,"  continued  by  the  curate,^  the  date 
of  their  deaths  is  shown  clearly  to  have  been  in  the  month  of  June  1552. 

"  1552.  Interfectio  et  decapitio  Duncani  M'^Gregor  et  filiorum  eius  vidilicet 
Gregorii  et  Malcolmi  Roy  per  Colinum  Campbell  de  Glenwrquhay  et  per  Duncaniim 
Roy  Campbell  de  Glenlyon  et  Allexandrum  Menzheis  de  Rannoch  cum  suis  com- 

^  The  continuation  of  the  Obituary,  from  October  1542  to  1576,  is  not  printed  with  the  first 
part  of  the  "  Chronicle  of  Fortingal,"  but  is  to  be  found  in  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth." 

Death  of  Duncan   Ladasach,    1552       99 

plicibus,  quo  die  Joannes  Gour  M^Duncan  VAllexandrum  Kayr  fuit  interfectus 
per  Alexandrum  Menzies  de  apud  in  mense  Junii  vidilicet  xvi  anno  Domini 

ave  M.V.  Lij. 

The  Black  Book  has  a  memorandum  in  regard  to  this  Sir  Colin : — 
"  He  was  ane  greit  justiciar  all  his  time,  throcht  the  quhilk  he  susteinit  thee 
deidlie  feid  of  the  Clangregour  ane  lang  space,  and  besydis  that  he  causit  executt 
to  the  death,  mony  notable  lymnaris,  he  beheidit  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  himself 
at  Kenmoir  in  presence  of  the  Erie  of  AthoU  the  justice  clerk  and  sundrie  other 

It  is  probable  that  it  was  to  Duncan  Ladosach  that  the  compliment 
of  personal  decapitation  was  paid  by  Sir  Colin  out  of  his  "  zeil  of  luf " 
As  will  be  noticed  later,  Duncan  Ladosach  was  undoubtedly  much  feared 
and  detested  by  his  enemies,  and  was  turbulent  and  reckless  of  shedding 
blood  in  his  quarrels.  In  that  respect  he  was  no  worse  than  his  neighbours. 
Not  till  the  publication  of  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  was  his  career 
looked  upon  as  blamable,  and  those  who  enjoyed  the  venom  of  the 
scurrilous  doggerel  about  him  adopted  its  views.  If  Duncan  Ladosach 
openly  slew,  perhaps,  several  men.  Sir  Colin,  his  executioner,  compassed 
the  death  of  many  more. 

In  farther  illustration  of  this  dire  event,  so  full  of  interest  to  the  de- 
scendants of  Duncan  Ladosach,  the  following  may  be  related,  given  by  Mr 
MacGregor  Stirling  as  a  traditional  account  gathered  from  "  an  aged  native 
of  Glendochart "  ^ : — 

"  Glenurchay,  having  some  disputes  with  Gregor,  son  and  heir  of  the  aged 
MacGregor,  about  some  marches  (it  is  supposed  in  reference  to  the  properties 
of  Ardchoille  Easter  and  Wester),  proposed  a  friendly  conference  for  adjusting 
these.  The  parties  therefore  met  at  the  village  of  Kincauser,  on  the  river  Lochy, 
and  in  the  near  neighbourhood  of  Glenurquhay's  seat,  Finlarig;  when  Sir  Colin 
caused  some  armed  men,  whom  he  had  concealed,  to  rush  suddenly  upon  Gregor. 
These,  having  overpowered  their  single  opponent  (for  he  had  no  attendant),  pro- 
ceeded towards  his  and  his  father's  residence,  Ardchoille  Wester,  and  getting 
the  old  Chief  in  their  power,  killed  him  on  the  spot.  The  son  was  reserved  for 
a  more  publick  and  mortifying  triumph  at  Kenmore,  whither  he  was  dragged  all 
wounded  and  bleeding,  and  there,  in  the  presence  of  several  noblemen,  beheaded." 

This  version   makes  the  son  survive  the  father.     It  seems  probable 

^  MS.  by  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling. 

loo  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

however,  that  the  earher  tradition  may  have  been  the  more  correct,  the 
father  being  reserved  for  the  solemn  execution.^ 

It  has  been  supposed  by  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  and  others  that 
Gregor  younger  of  Ardchoille  was  identical  with  Gregor  Roy,  named 
"  Bassen  Gheal "  ("  Red  Gregor  of  the  White  Palm  or  Hand  "),  celebrated 
in  a  mournful  Gaelic  song,  but  this  song,  which  is  supposed  to  have  been 
composed  by  a  lady  of  the  Campbell  race  lamenting  the  death  of  her 
beloved  Gregor,  must  apply  to  Gregor  Roy  of  the  Glenstray  line,  beheaded 
in  1570,  whose  wife  was  a  Campbell,  instead  of  young  Ardchoille.  This 
will  be  shown  farther  on. 

Gregor  XVI.,  eldest  son  of  Duncan  Ladosach,  according  to  the 
"  Baronage,"  married  Isabel,  daughter  of  Cameron  of  Stronhead,  and 
left  two  sons  : — 

1.  Duncan,  who  succeeded  him,  and  who,  after  his  father's  death,  was 
sent  to  Lochaber,  whence  he  was  called  Duncan  Lochaber  or  Abarach,  as 
afterwards  appears. 

2.  Patrick,  brought  up  in  Athole,  and  thence  known  as  Parig  Adholach 
or  Aulich,  "  of  whom  the  Drummonds,  alias  MacGregors,  of  the  Bows, 
and  many  other  tribes." 

Daughter,  More  (probably  Mairie,  Mary),  married  to  a  MacGregor. 
Patrick  Adholadh  was  executed  in  Edinburgh  with  Glenstray,  February 
1604.     He  left  five  sons,  frequently  mentioned  in  the  Register  of  Privy 
Council,  i.e. — 

Duncan,        .         .         took  name  of  Livingstoun. 
Allester,        .         .  Do.  Do. 

Patrick,^        .         .  Do.  Do. 

Donald,         .         .         took  name  of  Balfour. 
John,    .         .         .  Do.  Do. 

1  In  the  "Lairds  and  Lands  of  Loch  Tay  Side,"  by  John  Christie,  published  in  1892,  it  is 
stated  that  Duncan  Ladasoch  and  his  sons,  Gregor  and  Malcolm  Roy,  were  executed  at  Finlarig. 
This  is  quite  possible,  as  the  place  of  their  deaths  is  not  mentioned  in  the  "Black  Book  of 

^  Patrick  "Beg"  and  "Galium  Baine,"  another  son,  slain  in  skirmish  at  Leny,  1626;  as  also 
Donald,  son  of  the  above  Duncan. 

Chapter    X 


TAKING  a  retrospective  view  of  the  notices  of  the  Clan  during  the 
reigns  of  James  IV.  and  V.,  and  up  to  the  tragic  deaths  of  Duncan 
Ladosach  and  his  son  Gregor  in  1552,  it  may  be  observed  that  mention  is 
repeatedly  made  in  1 503-1 506  of  "  MacGregor,"  a  style  which  it  is  well 
known  pertained  always  to  the  Chief  of  a  Clan,  At  this  period  he  ap- 
pears to  have  lived  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Balquhidder,  and  had  rights  of 
forestry  and  facilities  for  the  pursuit  of  deer,  which  James  IV.  countenanced. 
It  is  not  possible  to  affirm  with  certainty  who  was  at  that  time  the  Chief. 
Following  the  "  Baronage "  in  point  of  chronology,  it  may  have  been 
Malcolm  Nr  XIV.,  or  possibly  his  brother,  Gregor,  his  next  heir. 

Mr  MacGregor  Stirling,  in  one  of  his  MS.  papers,  gives  the  following 
note  : — 

"  Inchcalloun  (see  entry,  ist  Sept.  1506,  regarding  the  king  having  been  there) 
was  the  residence  of  Gregor  Mor,  formerly  (during  his  elder  brother's  lifetime) 
styled  of  Brackly,  and  now  styled  '  Makgregour.' 

"Patrick  MacGregor  died  at  Auchinchallane,  '9th  July  1518,  and  was  buried 
in  Dysart  in  Glenurchy  (Obituary).  This  was  Gregor  Mor's  youngest  brother,^  the 
place  of  whose  death  shows  that  Inchcalloun  was  still  in  MacGregor's  possession. 
Gregor  Mor,  indeed,  had  most  probably  been  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son  at  this 
date,  1518." 

The  additional  note  rests,  perhaps,  on  firmer  grounds  : — 
"  Inchcalloun,  or  Auchinchialloun,^  as  it  was  also  called,  was  soon  after,  along 
with  Brackly  (in  Glenurchy),  held  by  a  descendant  of  a  younger  son  of  Gregor  Mor, 
as  a  feu  under  the  Campbells  of  Glenurquhay,  and  continued  to  be  held  by  this  line 
till  some  time  after  the  beginning  of  the  last  century."  ^ 

^  No  evidence  is  adduced  in  the  "  Chartulary  "  in  support  of  this  statement. 

^  From  the  entry  in  the  Obituary,  Auchinchall  is  shown  to  have  been  in  Glenurchay,  therefore 
cannot  well  have  been  identical  with  Inchcalloun,  mentioned  in  King  James  IV. 's  visit  to 

*  A  very  early  parchment  regarding  the  lands  of  Auchinchallane,  and  papers  connected  with 

I02  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

There  is,  however,  reason  to  believe  that  Malcolm  XIV.  of  the 
"Baronage"  survived  till  about  the  year  1525-6.  The  history  of  the 
murder  of  Macintosh  in  1524-5,  and  the  help  given  in  the  capture  of 
the  murderers  by  the  deceased's  brother-in-law,  "Dominus  MacGregor,"^ 
as  quoted  from  the  "  Chartulary,"  from  a  private  MS.  at  Moy  Hall,  may 
connect  this  date  with  the  said  Malcolm,  who  the  "  Baronage  "  states  to 
have  married  the  sister  of  Macintosh. 

Up  to  this  period  we  find  Johnne  M^Gregour  of  Glenstray  still  called 
by  that  territorial  designation  (see  an  entry  as  to  "  Duncan  Gromach's 
Guids,"  in  1527).  After  his  death,  12th  April  1528,  and  already  previous 
to  that  date — i.e.,  in  1527 — his  cousin,  and  eventual  successor,  John  Mak- 
evvin  Makalester,  is  styled  Captain  of  the  Clan  Gregour.  The  circumstances 
which  led  to  the  elevation  of  John  Makewin  to  this  important  office  are 
unknown.  The  office  became  hereditary  in  the  family  of  Glenstray  for  at 
least  six  generations.  If  the  representative  by  right  of  blood  of  the  eldest 
line,  why  was  he  styled  Captain  1  -  It  has  been  already  remarked  that 
possibly  the  line  of  Gregor  Aulin  was  the  eldest,  and  of  that  line  Gregor 
Mor,  his  son  Duncan  Ladasach,  and  grandson  Gregor,  were  men  such 
as  the  Clan  would  have  been  proud  to  follow.  It  has  already  been 
observed,  chapter  v.  p.  48,  that  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray  believed 
Glenstray,  the  leader  at  Glenfruin,  to  have  been  the  Chief 

The  Campbells  of  Glenurquhay  at  this  time  strongly  supported  the 
Glenstray  family,  but  that  circumstance  would  not  have  recommended 
them  to  the  rest  of  the  Clan. 

In  the  Obituary  occur  these  notices : — 

"15 1 8.    July   19.     Death  of  Duncan   MacGregor,   Captain  of  the  Castle  of 

Glenurquhay;  he  was  buried  in  Dysart. 
"1523.  August  i2th.     Death  of  a  venerable  man,   Sir  Robert  Menzies,   Kt. 

He  was  buried  in  the  church  of  Weyme. 

the  sale  of  it  subsequently  to  the  Campbells  has  found  its  way  into  the  hands  of  a  private  collector, 
who  is  understood  to  be  averse  to  communicating  it  to  this  work. 

^  So  styled  by  the  Macintosh  Historian,  probably  as  a  mere  recognition  of  his  place  of  influence 
in  the  Clan. 

"^  The  Captain  in  this  instance  may  occasionally  have  been  styled  MacGregor,  but  in  the  history 
of  Highland  Clans  the  actual  Chief  rarely  was  styled  Captain. 

Tack  to  John  Son  of  Duncan  Macgregor   103 

"1523.  August  12.  Death  of  Sir  Colin  Campbell  Kt,  Laird  of  Glenurquhay, 
at  the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay.     he  was  buried  in  the  Chapel  of  Finlarig. 

"1524.  November  9.  Death  of  Neill  son  of  Duncan  Macgregor,  in  Glen- 
urquhay, at  the  Castle  of  Glenuraquhay. 

"1529.  October  9.  Death  of  an  honourable  man,  Colin  Campbell,  Earl  of 
Argyle,  Lord  Campbell  and  Lorn  who  died  at  Inverary,  and  was  buried  at 

The  following  "  Tak  "  in  connection  with  the  keeping  of  the  Castle  of 
Glenurquhay  is  interesting.    It  occurs  in  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  : — 

"  1550.  Tak  of  Kincrakin  and  utheris  set  to  Johne  M'^Conoquhy  V^Gregour. 
Be  it  kennd  be  thir  present  letteris,  me  Johne  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay 
to  have  set  and  for  malis  and  seruice  lattin  the  keping  of  my  Castell  of 
Glenurquhay  to  my  weil  belouit  seruand  Johne  M'^Conoquhy  M'^Gregour^ 
the  four  merkland  of  Kincrakin  for  all  the  termis  of  fyfe  yeris  to  the  said 
Johne  alanerlie,  with  the  Croft  of  Polgreyich  and  the  Croft  of  Portbeg,  and 
the  Croft  that  Ewin  ^rEwir  wes  wont  to  have,  with  all  the  Croftis  within 
Kincrakin,  the  malt  Croft  exceptit  quhilk  Patrik  M'^Keirmoil  hes,  and  the 
Yarde  Croft,  and  the  Tumour  exceptit,  and  the  said  Johne  sail  gif  gress  fre 
to  the  yard  Croftis  for  samany  sowme  as  the  said  Croft  wes  wont  to  have, 
and  the  auld  warde  callit  the  Quosche  exceptit  in  this  assedatioun ;  the  said 
Johne  his  interes  beand  at  Whitsounday  (1550)  he  pay  and  thairfor  yeirlie 
fourtie  aucht  boUis  gude  victuall,  the  thrid  part  quhite  meale  fre  fra  all 
thingis  and  dewities,  the  victuale  mett  with  ane  inst.  firlott  brount  with  the 
stand  of  Perth,  in  the  Castell  of  Glenurquhay  in  tyme  of  yeir  as  us  is,  and 
to  the  Lairdis  misteris  -  quhen  it  is  requirit  be  him  or  his  seruandis,  with 
his  awin  trew  seruice  and  keiping  of  my  Castell  of  Glenurquhay,  and  he  sail 
haif  the  merkland  of  Arrecastellan  and  the  merkland  of  Arrenabeyne,  for 
the  keiping  of  the  Castell  foresaid,  fre  fra  all  hosting  as  us  was  wont  to 
be,  except  the  defence  of  me  and  the  cuntretht  quhen  misteris  beis ;  and 
siclyke  for  the  landis  of  Kyncrakkyn  half  stenting  and  hosting  to  the  Quenis 
grace  and  Mylord  of  Argylis  quhen  mister  beis  and  als  requirit ;  and  that 
he  and  his  seruandis  sail  ansuer  me  quhen  I  have  ado ;  and  the  said  Johne 
sail  hald  ane  sufficient  wetchmen  on  his  awin  expensis  yeirlye  indurand  his 
takis  and  I  sail  pay  yeirlie  for  his  fie  sex  schiUingis  aucht  penneis  and  meat 
quhen  I  am  in  the  place,  he  keipand  the  tour  heid  cleyn,  and  failyiend  the 

^  Probably  John  M'^Conoquhay  or  Duncanson,  mentioned  in  the  Records,  iS3i)  with  his 
brother,  Duncanus,  in  Moreynch.  He  appears,  however,  to  have  held  lands  on  Loch  Fyne. 
(See  next  page.) 

2  Musters. 

I04  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

tour  heid  be  not  cleyn,  he  sail  tyne  his  fie ;  and  I  sail  gif  the  said  Johne 
and  his  wife  and  tua  honest  seruandis  of  thair  avvin,  or  his  tua  sonis  meat 
quhen  I  am  in  the  place  of  Glenurquhay,  and  the  wetchman  to  be  their 
boy ;  and  the  said  Johne  or  his  wyfe  sail  find  me  als  oft  as  I  cum  to  the 
Castel  elding  ^  to  the  hale  chalmer  and  kitcheine  and  bakhous  for  the  first 
nicht  and  fodder  to  my  chalmer  to  mak  beddis  and  uther  dewities  as  us  is ; 
and  I  sail  giff  leif  to  the  said  Johne  to  hald  on  the  Quosche  sex  new  calffit 
kye,  on  his  awin  expensis  and  keip  it  fra  all  guidis  except  my  guidis,  and 
the  guidis  specifiet  abonewrittin,  and  gif  thair  beis  ony  uther  guidis  funden 
upoun  the  sarayn,  thai  salbe  escheatit  to  me  fre  but  ony  process  of  law, 
attoure  the  said  Johne  sail  na  guidis  pasture  in  the  warde  fra  Sanct  Patrikis 
day  furtht  quhill  the  Lairdis  awin  gude  will  cum  to  it  under  the  pane  foir- 
said  and  stop  not  my  wedderis  fra  Kyncrakkyn  and  gras  thairof,  nor  yit  fra 
the  grass  of  Portbeg,  nor  yit  the  Portarig  Kye  quhen  thay  may  not  be  on 
the  Quosche,  and  the  said  Johne  sail  have  leiff  to  sett  foure  nettis  within 
the  Dowloch  and  not  farder,  that  is  to  say  thrie  small  nettis  and  ane  greit 
nett ;  and  attoure  the  Mylne  of  Kencrakyn  sett  to  the  said  Johne  for  the 
space  of  the  yeiris  above  writtin,  he  payand  yeirlie  for  it,  fouretene  bollis 
gude  meale,  of  that  the  tane  halfe  quhite  meile  weill  schittit  and  tua  dassoun 
of  pultrie,  and  gif  the  Laird  bringis  ony  malt  of  his  awin  furth  of  utheris 
cunthreis  it  sail  be  grundin  multer  fre  be  the  said  Johne,  and  the  said  Johne 
sail  laif  sawin  in  the  best  gudet  land  of  Kyncrakkan  fourtie  aucht  bollis 
sufficient  eattis  mett  with  the  firlott  abone  writtin  and  failyeand  thairof  with 
ane  uther  firlott  of  the  samyn  stand  foirsaid ;  and  attoure  the  said  Johne 
M'^Conochie  V^Gregour  for  the  getting  of  the  tak  abone  expremit,  hes  givin 
me  my  airis  or  assignanaris  ane  bairnis  part  of  geir  of  all  his  kye  and  hors 
efter  his  deceis  that  may  pertene  to  him  be  ony  maner  of  way  and  siclyke 
the  said  Johne  M'^Conochie  V^Gregour  hes  givin  ouir  in  my  handis  ^  the 
markland  of  Drimleyart,  the  half  markland  of  Glenkinglas,  and  the  half 
markland  of  Corrcoran  with  the  He  of  the  samyn,  and  with  the  consent  of 
Gregour  his  sone  hes  renuncit  all  rychtis  that  the  said  Johne  and  Gregour 
his  sone  micht  haiff  into  the  saidis  landis  but  ony  reuocatioun,  and  mair- 
ower  the  yaird  set  to  Johne  M'^Conochie  with  the  Croft  of  the  samyn  for 
fyve  yeiris,  he  haldand  ane  sufficient  gardner  upon  his  awin  expensis  to 
amend  and  graith  baith  the  yairdis  and  plant  treis  in  the  new  yaird  of 
Portbeg,  and  big  ane  sufficient  dyk  about  ilkane  of  the  saidis  yairdis,  and 
the  said  Johne  sail  saw  quhite  kaill  seid,  reid  kaill  and  unzeoun  seid,  I  send- 

^  Fuel,  especially  peats. 

2  It  is  to  be  observed  that  John  Duncanson  MacGregor  held  previously  the  half  merklands  of 
Drimleyart,  Glenkinglas,  and  Corrcoran,  with  the  Isle  of  the  same,  which  lands,  with  consent  of 
his  son  Gregor,  he  renounced. 

Chartulary   1544  to    1547  105 

ing  him  seid  in  dew  tyme  of  yeir,  and  he  sail  find  himself  to  the  yairdis  sege 
and  heyntoungis,  and  he  sail  give  yeirlie  to  me  or  my  deputis  the  last  tua 
partis  of  the  profifittis  of  the  yairdis  under  ane  aith,  and  the  thrid  part  to 
himself  for  his  trauell  and  labouris  of  the  saidis  yairdis :  and  attoure  my 
stabill,  peithous,  kyill  and  barne  exceptit  out  of  his  takis  and  assedatioun 
fra  the  said  Johne  M'^Connochie,  bot  I  to  us  the  samyn  to  my  behiuff  as  I 
think  expedient,  quhilkis  housis  lyis  to  Portbeg  and  I  have  subscriuit  this 
present  assedationn  with  my  hand  at  the  Castell  of  Glenurquhay  the  xvii 
day  of  May  (1550)  befor  thir  witness.  Alexander  Menzies  of  Rannoch. 
Johne  M'^Nab  of  Bowane,  Johne  Reddoch,  Johne  M'^Donichie  Roy  M'^ Allan, 
Johne  Tailyour  Moir  alias  M'^Nachtane,  Johne  M'^Illespy  M'^Phatrik  officer 
and  Johne  Clerk  Messinger  with  uther  diueress. 
"  1544.  17th  April.  Item  the  xvij  day  of  Aprile  gevin  to  M'^Farlane  efter  the 
siege  of  Glasgow  in  xxx  crowns  of  the  sone.  Item  the  samyn  day  to 
M'^Gregor  in  xx  crowns  of  the  sone.  (Lord  High  Treasurers  Books  Minority 
of  Queen  Mary  and  Regency  of  the  Earl  of  Arran.) 

"  Note  The  Earl  of  Glencairn  having  joined  the  Earl  of  Lennox  in  a 
rebellion  against  the  Government  under  the  Earl  of  Arran  was  besieged  in 
Glasgow  from  whence  he  made  a  sally  on  the  besiegers  and  was  defeated  by 
them  and  forced  to  fly :  the  Action  being  known  as  the  Battle  of  Glasgow 
Moor,  1 6th  March  1543-4,  when  the  town  was  recovered  by  Arran.  the  Siege 
according  to  Pitscottie  had  lasted  from  the  8th." 

Shortly  after  the  death  of  the  English  Sovereign  Henry  VIII.  in  1546, 
an  attempt  was  made  on  the  part  of  the  English  to  compel  a  marriage 
between  the  young  King  Edward  VI.  and  our  Queen  Mary,  an  alliance 
which  was  resisted  by  the  patriotic  party  in  Scotland,  because  of  the  policy 
pursued  by  the  English  Kings,  of  trying  to  subjugate  Scotland.  The 
Duke  of  Somerset  led  an  army  over  the  Border  in  August  1547,  to  attain 
the  object  desired  by  force  of  arms.  The  Earl  of  Arran  in  this  moment  of 

"Sent  the  Fiery  Cross  throughout  the  country — a  warlike  symbol  of  Celtic 
origin,  constructed  of  two  slender  rods  of  hazel  formed  into  the  shape  of  a  cross, 
the  extremities  seared  in  the  fire  and  extinguished  when  red  and  blazing,  in  the 
blood  of  a  goat  slain  for  the  occasion.  From  this  slight  description  it  is  evident 
that  the  custom  may  be  traced  back  to  Pagan  times  and  it  is  certain,  that  through- 
out the  highland  districts  of  the  country,  it's  summons  wherever  it  was  carried  was 
regarded  with  awe,  and  obeyed  without  hesitation.  Previous  to  this  we  do  not  hear 
of  it's  being  adopted  in  the  lowlands ;  but  on  the  present  emergency,  being  fastened 
to  the  point  of  a  spear,  it  was  transmitted  by  the  heralds  and  poursuivants  through- 


io6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

out  every  part  of  the  realm  ;  from  town  to  town,  from  village  to  village,  from  hamlet 
to  hamlet,  the  ensanguined  symbol  flew  with  astonishing  rapidity,  and  such  was  it's 
effect,  that  in  a  wonderfully  short  space  of  time  an  army  of  thirty-six  thousand  men 
assembled  near  Musselborough.''^ 

But  through  the  fortunes  of  war  this  gallant  army  sustained  a  severe 
defeat  in  the  battle  of  Pinkie,  loth  September  1547,  followed  by  the  return 
of  the  English  Protector  to  England  soon  afterwards,  to  attend  to  matters 
nearer  home,  and  eventually  in  August  1548  the  young  Queen  Mary,  then 
in  her  sixth  year,  was  conveyed  to  the  Court  of  France,  and  affianced  to 
the  Dauphin,  afterwards  Francis  II.  of  France.  Reinforcements  having 
been  sent  from  France  and  the  invaders  repulsed,  peace  with  England  was 
at  last  concluded  in  April  1550.2 

The  "  Chartulary  "  has  the  following  extract : — 

"1547.  September  loth.  Order  of  the  Scottish  Army  at  the  Battle  of  Pinkie 
'  To  witt  the  Erll  of  Angus  in  the  vanguard  withe  ten  thousand  mene  in  guid 
ordour.  The  Erll  of  Huntlie  in  the  rereward  witht  tuell  thousand  men  of 
the  north  pairts  of  Scodand.  The  governour  himself  in  the  greyt  staill  oist 
and  withe  him  all  the  haill  gentilmene  of  Louthien,  Fyf,  Angus,  Strathern, 
Stirlingschyr,  and  the  haill  borrowis  of  Scotland  to  the  number  of  tuentie 
thowsand  mene  and  upon  the  richt  hand  and  wing  the  Erll  of  Argyll  and  all 
the  wast  hilandmene  of  Scotland  and  on  the  left  hand  Maklain  and  Mak- 
riggour  with  all  the  lUsmene  of  Scotland.'  M.S.  of  Pitscottie's  Chronicles  in 
the  Library  of  Innerpaffray  of  date  23.  April  -30.  July  1600.    folio  123,  a  b.^ 

Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  has  the  following  remarks  in  the  "Char- 
tulary "  : — 

'"In  connection  with  the  military  history  of  M'^Gregour'  in  1544  and  1547.  it 
is  impossible  to  overlook  the  circumstance  that  whatever  '  Slogan '  was  used  by  the 
Glenstrays  during  the  long  period  of  their  Captaincy,  originally  elective,  and 
ultimately  by  prescription  hereditary  (for  it  lasted  from  1552  down  to  the  death 
of  Kilmannan  about  1706)  the  more  accepted  Slogan  of  ClanGregor  is  derived 
from  the  estate  or  'roume'  of  M'^Gregoure  'Ardchoill.'  That  the  Glenstrays  used 
a  different  Slogan  is  presumable  from  the  very  nature  of  the  case.  Nor  does  it 
seem  irrelevant  to  mention  that  James   Pont  a  Herald  contemporary  with  the 

1  Tytler's  History  of  Scotland— Reign  of  Queen  Mary. 

2  Taken  from  ibid. 

=*  In  the  printed  copy,  date  1728,  the  account  is  much  the  same,  only  mentioning— "  On  the 
left  Macleod,  MacGregor  and  the  Islesmen." 

The  Slogan  of  Ardchoill  107 

Captaincy  of  the  Glenstrays,  and  whose  Manuscript  preserved  in  the  Lyon  Office 
of  Scotland  is  dated  1600,  gives  the  armorial  Bearing  of  MacGregor  without 
supporters  and  states  the  motto  as  being  '  Bad  Giubhas '  which  is  being  interpreted 
'  Clump  of  Firs.'  ^  In  the  atchievement  of  '  MacGregoure '  from  the  Lislebourg  M.S. 
in  the  British  Museum  date  1589  ^  there  is  no  motto ;  a  circumstance  leading  to  the 
inference,  that  the  Slogan  of  Ardchoill  had  been  first  used  in  1544  for  the  obvious 
reason  already  stated  that  there  had  been  previously  no  established  Slogan  ;  and 
that  the  Slogan  alluding  to  the  Clump  of  Firs  had  been  substituted  by  those  who 
did  not  chuse  to  adopt  the  other.  It  is  further  remarkable  that  the  Arms  of 
M'^Gregor  of  Stucknary,  the  penult  representative  of  the  Elective  Captains  of  the 
Glenstray  line,  as  exhibited  on  his  tombstone  in  the  Island  of  Inch  Caileoch  in 
Loch  Lomond,  want  supporters ;  a  presumption  amongst  many  others  that  the 
Glenstrays  did  not  affect  to  possess  the  right  of  Blood  as  Representative  of 
M'^Gregoure  of  Old." 

An  unfinished  MS.,  by  the  same  writer,  may  also  here  be  quoted  : — 

"Duncan  Ladosach  was  during  the  lifetime  of  his  father  or  elder  brother,  styled 
of  Ardchoille  a  small  estate  in  Glendochart  which  he  had  obtained  from  a  near 
kinsman  of  another  Clan  ^  for  military  service,  and  which,  from  being  M'^Gregor's 
seat  during  two  armed  expeditions  and  the  earliest  which  the  Clan  made  in  defence 
of  the  Crown,  under  Duncan's  son  and  heir,  became  it's  war  cry,  and  is  still  a 
scroll  in  MacGregor's  Armorial  Bearing.  As  the  Gregorian  Race  had  now  by  the 
severity  of  the  Stewart  Dynasty  on  the  one  hand,  and  by  it's  bounty  to  the  other 
families  on  the  other,  become  in  comparison  of  their  former  state,  landless ;  so 
although  the  Lineal  Chief  of  a  Family  that  existed  towards  seven  centuries,  and 
was  originally  royal,  must  have  been  tacitly  acknowledged,  yet  from  the  absence  of 
the  grand  link  of  Superior  and  vassal  on  Land  property,  subordination  to  the  Chief 
had  been  much  relaxed.  We  shall  in  the  sequel  find  that  the  conscious  tie  of 
blood  had  overcome  generally  the  policy  of  quiet  settlement  among  strangers  ;  that 
the  ClanGregor  had  in  a  turbulent  state  of  society  preferred  a  predatory  warfare 
under  an  elective  Captain,  to  the  obscure  industry  prescribed  by  a  government, 
unjust  in  the  first  instance  and  tyranical  in  the  second.  We  shall  find  that  Clan- 
Gregor's  subsequent  efforts  to  defend  the  Crown  at  the  expense  of  it's  best  blood, 
were  but  inadequately  rewarded  and  that  when  the  person  possessed  of  the  largest 
portion  of  it's  Chief's  ancient  territory,  had  by  the  slaughter  of  Ardchoille  Elder 
and  by  the  publick  decapitation  of  Ardchoille  younger,  and  by  the  dispersion  of 
the  sons  of  the  latter  (which  deprived  the  Clan  of  a  lineal  Chief),  it  rallied  under  a 

^  See  Note,  page  47. 

2  See  pages  16  and  17.     In  the  Harleyan  Collection,  under  the  title,  the  word  Lyslebourg  is 
written,  for  which  reason  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  thus  quotes  it. 
^  Campbell  of  Straquhir.     See  page  30. 

io8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Captain  who  by  his  armed  excursions  for  the  recovery  of  the  ancient  territory 
(which  by  a  plausible  fiction  was  held  to  be  the  right  of  the  Chief  whether  by  blood 
or  election)  drew  down  upon  his  followers  the  utmost  vengeance  of  a  government 
trembling  for  it's  own  existence.  He  was  himself  put  death  in  the  cause  and 
became  the  first  of  a  line  of  hereditary  Captains  under  whom  the  Clan  (now  most 
unruly  it  must  be  owned)  experienced  from  the  Government  the  greatest  severities, 
in  an  attempt  to  root  out  the  names  Gregour  and  M'^Gregour,  and  to  abolish  them 
in  all  time  coming  under  pain  of  death.  We  shall  have  occasion  to  witness  a 
general  though  fruitless  revolt  of  the  now  nameless  Clan  for  the  purpose  of  bursting 
the  bands  of  their  political  death,  and  those  bands  which  the  '  Secreit  Council '  had 
imposed,  rivetted  by  the  Act  of  Parliament.  The  next  important  scene  will  display 
the  nameless  Clan  stepping  forth  in  defence  of  that  Throne,  whence  had  emanated 
the  decree  for  annihilating  it,  and  which  was  now  menaced  with  annihilation,  the 
Clan  earning  a  reward,  (which  on  the  re-establishment  of  the  Throne,  it  actually 
received),  in  the  repeal  of  the  obnoxious  decrees."^ 

From  the  "  Red  and  White  Book  of  Menzies  "  : — 

"Letter  by  Mary  of  Guise  Queen  Regent  of  Scotland  exempting  Alexander 
Menzeis  of  that  Ilk  from  finding  caution  for  MacGregors  his  tenants  in  Rannoch 
for  seven  years — 

"1559.  Feb.  7.  Regina.  We  understanding  that  it  is  not  within  the  power  of 
Alexander  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  to  ansuer  for  the  gud  reule  of  the  Clan- 
Gregoure  inhabitantis  of  the  Rannoch  and  that  our  chozing  the  Erie  of 
Ergyle  and  Coline  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  hes  the  seruice  of  that  clann 
and  that  thai  will  do  thare  deligens  to  caus  gud  reule  kepit  be  the  said 
clann  and  for  dieuers  other  resonable  causis  and  considerationis  moving  vs, 
grantis  an  gevis  licence  to  the  said  Alexander  to  set  in  tak  and  assedatioun 
all  and  haill  his  tuentie  pund  land  of  Rannock  Hand  within  the  sherefdome 
of  Perth,  to  the  auld  tenentis  and  inhabitantis  thairof  of  the  ClanGregour 
for  the  space  of  seven  yeris ;  and  will  and  grantis  that  he  nor  his  airis  sail 
nocht  be  haldyn  to  our  derrest  dochter,  nor  us,  to  ansuer  for  thair  gud  reule 
during  the  said  sevin  yeris,  nor  to  enter  them  to  our  lawes,  our  justice  airis 
nor  justice  courtis  for  thair  demeritis,  notwithstanding  the  general  band 
maid  be  the  lordis  and  landit  men  of  the  said  S-  our  said  derrest  dochter 
and  us  thereupon  &a.     Marie  R.     (Menzies  Charter  Room)." 

This  was  a  kind  and  gracious  concession,  and  might  have  conduced  to 
peace  under  more  favourable  circumstances. 

^  MS,  Sketch  of  History  of  the  Clan,  by  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling. 

Chapter   XI 

NOTICES  of  some  of  the  other  branches  of  the  Clan  have  now  to  be 
given,  as  they  henceforward  become  more  prominent  in  the  general 

The  family  of  Grierson  of  Lag,  following  the  account  given  in  the 
"Baronage,"  trace  their  descent  from  Malcolm  (XI.)  the  Lame  Lord  (see 
page  20).  It  is  supposed  that  they  branched  off  the  end  of  the  14th 
century,  and  probably  before  the  death  of  Ian  Cam,  who  died  in  1390. 
Their  immediate  ancestor  Gilbert,  Laird  of  Ard  and  Lag,  took  the  name 
of  Grierson  in  accordance  with  charters  from  George  Dunbar,  Earl  of 
March,  of  the  Netherholme  of  Dalgarnoch,  to  him  and  his  heirs  male,  to 
be  called  by  the  surname  of  Grierson,  before  1400  ;  and  another  charter, 
dated  at  Dunbar  1400,  of  the  lands  of  Airdes  &a  lying  in  the  barony  of 
Tyberis  and  shire  of  Dumfries,  to  the  said  Gilbert  for  his  many  good  deeds 
done  to  the  said  Earl.  The  lands  of  Lag  were  conveyed  by  his  cousin 
Henry  Sinclair,  2nd  Earl  of  Orkney,  by  charter  dated  6th  December  1408. 
Confirmation  of  lands  of  Garryhorn  and  Sandokhill  dated  17th  May  1410. 
Charter  from  Archibald  Earl  of  Douglas  to  Gilbert  Grierson  his  armour- 
bearer  of  the  lands  of  Drumjoan,  confirmed  by  his  Relict  the  Princess 
Margaret,  Duchess  of  Touraine,  dated  9th  April  1425.  Lag  Castle  was 
built  circa  1460.^  It  is  averred  that  there  is  no  legal  proof  connecting  the 
Gilbert  Grierson  of  the  Charters  with  MacGregor  ancestry.^  Granting  that 
the  required  link  is  missing,  yet  most  Highlanders  will  accept  the  tradition. 

MacGregor  of  Ardinconnell  was  one  of  the  oldest  offshoots  of  the  Clan, 
and  this  branch  must  be  noticed  as  most  involved  in  subsequent  disputes 
with  Colquhoun  of  Luss.  Its  earliest  recorded  existence  was  in  1429,  as  in 
a  deed  of  Resignation  by  John  MacRoger  of  "  Gleane  Mackerne  (Mackurn) 

1  Genealogical  Table  of  Grierson  of  Lag — printed  for  private  circulation. 

2  On  this  ground  the  Griersons  are  not  admitted  as  Members  of  the  ClanGregor  Society, 

no  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

in  favour  of  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  dated  7th  February  1429.    One  of  the 
witnesses  is  Johanne  MacGregor  Dominus  de  Ardinconwell." — "  Chiefs  of 
Colquhoun,"  by  William  Fraser,  1869,  vol.  ii.  page  28. 
Returning  to  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1479.  0<^t.  27.  Before  the  lords  compeired  Umphra  Colquhoun  of  that  ilk, 
Patrik  Noble,  Patrik  M'^Gregour  and  Johnne  of  Douglas,  and  protested 
that  because  Christian  Lady  Grahame  'gert  sumond  theme  that  therefore 
they  should  be  assoilzied  &a  &a.' — Acta  Dominorum  Concilii  vol.  i.  folio  58 
in  Register  House. 

"  1483.  June  20.  Before  the  Lords  Auditors  compeired  Robert  Flemyng  for 
himself  and  as  procurator  for  Vmphra  Culquhon,  Alex ;  Ardincapil  brief  of 
inquest  purchased  by  Robert  Flemyng  foresaid  upon  two  merks  worth  of 
land  of  bannory  and  protested  that  Umfra  Colquhon  of  Luss,  gert  summonde 
them  at  his  instance  for  certain  actions,  contained  in  the  summonds  and 
would  not  follow  them.  &a." — Acto  Dominorum  Auditorum,  p.  179. 

About  1502,  Sir  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  who  had  lately  acquired 
Porterfield's  Lands,  vide  page  40,  purchased  from  Patrick  MacGregor  of 
Ardinconnell  the  "Middle  third  of  Ardinconnell"  Original  Charter,  dated 
February  20th,  1501,  and  original  Instrument  of  Sasine,  dated  April  1501, 
at  Rossdhu.  Chiefs  of  the  Colquhouns,  Patrick  MacGregor  of  Ardin- 
connell, was  afterwards  tenant  of  Sir  John  Colquhoun,  and  the  following 
bond  in  which  Patrick  calls  him  his  "darast  Master"  is  curious. 

"  Discharge  and  Obligation  by  Patrick  MacGregor  of  Ardyncnwall  to  Sir  John 
Colquhoun  of  Luss  Knicht  for  forty  merks  of  the  duties  of  the  said  lands. 

"1513.  May  3.  Be  it  kende  tyll  all  men  be  thir  present  lettres  me,  Patriek 
MacGregar  of  Ardynconwall,  to  be  bwndyn  andoblest  and  be  the  faytht  and 
the  trewtht  in  my  body,  letely  and  trewly  bindis  and  oblesis  me  tyll  ane 
nobyll  man  and  my  darast  master,  and  Schir  Johne  of  Luss,  Knycht,  in  the 
sovme  of  forty  markis  of  gud  and  vsual  mony  of  the  Kynrik  of  Scotland. 
'  for  the  runnyne  maillis,  fermes,  and  wderis  dewuytis  of  the  lands  of  Ardin- 
convall,  with  part  of  lent  mony  of  the  foirsaid  forty  markis  to  me  be  the  said 
Schir  Jhone  Culquhone,  in  my  mester  and  neide ;  off  the  quhilkis  forty 
markis  I  halde  me  weyll  content  and  payt ;  ande  attowr,  I  the  said  Patrik 
byndis  and  oblesis  me  my  executouris  and  assingnays,  for  tyll  pay  the  said 
sovme  of  forty  markis,  at  twa  termys,  next  and  immadiat  efter  the  dayt  of 
this  vrit,  viz  at  Lammes  next  to  cum  xx  markis,  and  at  Mertymes  next  there- 
efter  vder  xx  markis  be  equayll  porcionyss  lelely  and  trewly  but  fraude  or 
gyill  onder  the  payne  of  dowbelling  of  the  forsaid  sovm,  all  remeid  of  law, 

MacGregor  of  Ardlnconnal  1527  to  1544    m 

civyll  or  canone,  in  the  contrare  to  be  maid  or  ellegit.  In  vitnes  of  the 
theng,  I  haf  set  to  my  seill  to  thir  present  lettris,  and  subscibit  the  samyne 
witht  my  hand,  at  Rosdw,  the  third  day  of  Maij,  in  the  zeir  of  God  M.V. 
and  thratenys  zeris,  befoir  thir  vetnes,  Master  James  Culquhone  Vicar  of 
Dunlope,  Robart  Culquhone,  son  and  aperand  ayr  to  Robart  Culquhone  of 
Camstrodane,  James  Akynros,  Wmfra  Lang  and  Schir  George  Fallusdayll, 
chapyllane,  witht  overis  byueryss  (divers)  vitht  Patrik  MacGregar  his  sone. 
"  '  Patik  M'^Gregar  of  Ardynconvall.  manu  propria.'  "  ^ 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1527.  Notice  of  a  raid  by  Patrik  M'^Gregors  Elder  and  Younger  of  Lagris 
upon  the  lands  of  Strone,  in  the  barony  of  Luss. 

"1527.  September  2.  Mention  is  made  in  the  Record  of  an  Action  at  the 
instance  of  Andrew  Lord  Auvandale,  who  had  obtained  a  gift  of  the  ward 
of  the  Earldom  of  Lennox  against  the  Colquhouns  &a  and  among  them 
Patrick  Malcom,  and  Patrick  MacGregor.  (Acta  Dominorum  Concilii 
xxxvii,  M.S.  2369.)     These  were  probably  of  the  Ardinconnell  family. 

"1527.  Nov.  Patrick  MacGregor  younger  of  Ardinconnal  had  letters  of 
reversion  of  8  merkland  of  Ardinconnal  from  Sir  John  Colquhoun  of 
Luss  Kt.  and  at  the  same  time,  the  ward  of  these  lands  was  given  by 
Andrew  (3)  lord  Evandale  to  Walter  Colquhoun  brother  of  the  said  John. 
— Records  of  the  Burgh  of  Dumbarton. 

"1541.  Patrik  MacGregor  of  Lagris  was  pursewed  by  John  Colquhoun  of 
Luss  oye  and  successor  to  Sir  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss  in  the  28th  year  of 
King  James  V  (1541)  for  8  oxen,  price  of  each  3  lib,  and  of  12  'grete 
mylk  ky '  price  of  each  .  .  .  '  thiftuilie  stowin  and  cancelit  fra  the  lands  of 
Strone  in  Glenfruiune  1527  and  for  the  yeirlie  profits  thereof  since  that 
time  at  6  firlotts  of  oatmeal,  at  12s  per  boll,  for  each  ox  and  13s  4p.  for 
each  cow  yeirlie.'  His  father  Patrik  M'^Gregor  also  had  shared  in  the  raid, 
and  in  1531  found  Walter  M'^Ferland  his  son  suretie  for  the  damages,  at  the 
Justice  Assize  of  Dumbarton. 

"1544.  Dec.  21.  'The  4  merkland  of  Laggarie,  belonging  in  property  to 
Patrick  M'^Gregour,  and  holding  of  the  Earl  of  Lennox,  and  the  8  merkland 
of  Ardinconnal,'  are  thus  specified  in  a  charter  by  Queen  Mary  27.  July 
1545,  being  one  of  appreciation  of  the  Earl's  estate  for  the  damage  done 
in  his  late  rebellion  to  James  Stewart  of  Cardonald  4,  Jan.  1543-4. 
Mag:  Sig :  xxxx  22.  By  the  Laird  of  Ardinconnal  is  meant  obviously 
the  person  to  whom  it  was  mortgaged  by  M'^Gregour  of  Laggary,  formerly 
of  Ardinconnal. 

^  "Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  vol.  ii.,  page  324. 

112  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"  1544.  Dec.  21.  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss  complains  that '  Duncane  M'^Farlane 
of  Arrochar  Andrew  M'^Ferlane,  Robert  M'^ferlane  and  Duncane  M'^ferlane 
his  fader  bray'  viz.,  Campbell  of  (Strachur)  James  Stewart  sone  to  Walter 
Stewart  in  Buchquhidder  and  certain  uthir  grete  thevis,  lymaris,  robaris, 
qmoun  (common)  sornaris  upoun  the  liecis,  throtcuttaris,  murtharis  slaaris 
of  men's  wiffis  and  barnis  and  y'  complices  to  ye  novmer  of  vj  (7  score?) 
men  w'  ye  maire  come  to  ye  said  John's  lands  and  place  of  Rossdew  and 
lands  and  barony  of  Luss  and  yare  crellie  slew  and  murdrest  nyne  of  his  pure 
tennents  in  y'  beddes  ans  hereit  his  hale  cuntrie  baith  his  self  and  his  pure 
men  alswele  of  all  insy  gude  w'  in  houss  as  of  nolt  and  schap  and  vyir 
(other)  bestiale  laitlie  in  ye  monet  of  December  instand  dailie  (ar)  perse- 
waries  in  plain  reif  and  sorning  vpoun  ye  pure  liege  of  ye  realme,  and  ar 
gaderand  to  yaim  (them)  ma  thevis  and  lymmares,  tending  to  hery  ye  haill 
cuntre  to  Glasgow  and  Striveling  and  yai  be  not  resisted  in  yis  temptioun 
(contemptioun)  of  ye :  authrite  and  lawis  giff  salbe.'  Whereupon  the 
Sheriffs  of  Argyle  Dunbarton  Renfrew  and  Stirling  are  charged  to  summon 
all  the  lieges  within  their  bounds  '  to  ryss  and  cum  togidder  for  resisting  of 
the  saidis  thievis  and  revaris  to  sik  ptis  (parties)  as  yai  sal  happin  to  cum 
uponn  and  yai  tak  plane  pairt  w'  ye  said  Johnne  or  ony  uyer  gentilmen  yat 
rysis  for  resisting  of  ye  saidis  theves  and  lymaris  and  tak  and  apprehend 
yame  and  bring  yame  to  ye  Justice  to  be  punist  for  yr  demeritis  qform 
(conform)  to  ye  lawis.  And  giff  ony  of  yame  beis  slane  or  hurt  in  ye  taking 
or  resisting  of  yame  to  cum  upoun  o  (our)  privelege  yat  na  cryme  salbe 
impuitt  to  yame  y''throw."' — Luss  Papers  quoted  in  the  "  Chartulary." 

The  following  passage  is  from  "  The  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun  "^ : — 

"  The  first  trace  of  that  enmity  between  the  MacGregors  and  the  Colquhouns, 
which  at  length  became  so  inveterate,  to  be  found  in  the  Luss  lamily  writs,  occurs 
in  a  document  dated  in  the  year  1541.  So  far  back  as  the  year  1527,  one  of  the 
Macgregor  clan,  Patrick  Macgregor  of  Laggarie,  had  despoiled  the  father  of  the 
then  Laird  of  Luss  of  a  considerable  number  of  oxen  and  cows.  To  obtain  redress 
for  this  theft  committed  on  his  father's  property,  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss  sum- 
moned him  on  27  Dec.  1540,  to  appear  before  the  Lords  of  the  Privy  Council, 
to  hear  their  decreet,  ordaining  him,  in  terms  of  the  summons,  to  restore  to  the 
pursuer  eight  oxen  and  twelve  milk  cows,  or  the  price  of  them  with  the  profits  of 
the  same  since  the  year  1527,  when  he  had  stolen  them  from  the  lands  of  Strone, 
in  Glenfruin.  And  on  30th  May  1541,  Patrick  Macgregor  of  Laggarie  was  at  the 
instance  of  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss  inhibited  from  selling  any  of  his  lands  or 
heritages  until  he  had  satisfied  John  for  the  spoil  which  he  had  reft  from  him. 

^  Vol.  I.,  page  1 10- 1 1 1. 


Feud  between  MacGregors  and  Colquhouns  1 1 3 

These  proceedings  we  may  not  be  entitled  to  consider  as  evidence  of  the  existence 
of  a  formed  feud  between  the  MacGregors  and  the  Colquhouns ;  but  they  are 
symptomatic  of  growing  bad  feelings  between  them,  and  they  explain  some  of 
the  causes  which  contributed  to  produce  and  to  intensify  the  hatred  which  after- 
wards proved  so  disastrous  to  both." 

MacGregor  of  Roro,  a  very  ancient  house,  from  whence  sprang  also 
Leragan,  Dunan,  Balhaldies,  &a.,  falls  to  be  taken  next. 

The  first  authentic  notices  are  to  be  found  in  the  "  Obituary  of  For- 
tingal,"^  1477-  Death  of  Duncan  Beg  MacGregor  at  Roro.  There  must 
have  been  another  previous  Duncan,  probably  his  father,  because  there  is 
a  notice  in  1491  of  the  death  of  John  Duncanson.  Later,  in  1503,  Gregor 
Duncmibegson  dies  at  Morinch  and  Gregor  Duncanson,  in  15 15,  at  Roro. 

The  "  Baronage  "  and  the  Roro  traditions  state  that  the  founder  of  the 
family  was  Gregor,  fourth  son  of  Gregor  Aulin,  who  is  believed  to  be 
identical  with  Gregor  M'^Ane  Cham,  whose  death  is  recorded  in  the 
Obituary  in  141 5.  Another  generation  is  required  between  Gregor  Aulin 
and  Gregor  who  died  at  Roro  in  15 15,  and  it  is  clear  that  the  name  of  the 
father  of  the  latter  was  Duncan.  It  seems,  therefore,  most  probable  that 
the  first  of  the  Roro  House  was  grandson  of  Gregor  Aulin  instead  of  his 

The  following  is  from  a  MS.  Memoir  formerly  in  the  possession  of  the 
late  Colonel  Hugh  MacGregor  of  the  63rd  Regiment,  himself  a  descendant 
of  the  Leragan  Family,  and  thus  from  Roro.  Several  copies  of  this 
Memoir  are  extant,  and  it  is  probable  that  it  embodied  all  the  oral  tradi- 
tion that  Colonel  Hugh  could  collect : — 

"  I.  Gregor  MacGregor  4th  son  (more  probably  Grandson)  of  Gregor  Aulin,  and 
(more  probably  Great)  Grandson  of  MacGregor  of  Glenurchy,  got  possession  of 
Roro  (Ruaraidh)  in  Glenlyon,  from  his  father,  about  the  year  1390.  which  property 
remained  in  the  possession  of  his  family  by  right  of  occupancy,  feu,  or  wadset, 
until  the  ist  of  April  1760.  Gregor  was  married  to  his  cousin,  by  whom  he  had 
eleven  sons  and  several  daughters,  he  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son. 

"II.  John  MacGregor  who  fought  the  M'^Kays  in  Glenlyon  with  such  personal 
courage  and  success  as  acquired  him  the  proud  distinction  of  '  Ian  dubh-nan-Lann ' 
*  Black  John  of  the  spears.'  ^     He  and  the  Laird  of  Garth  afterwards  fought  the 
^  Chapter  VI.  pages  56,  57. 

^  Allusion  is  made  to  this  "John  of  the  Spears,"  "Chief  of  Glenlyon  of  the  Blades,"  in  an 
early  poem  by  Dougal  MacGille  glas  in  the  Lismore  collection. — See  Chapter  VII.  page  71. 


114  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

powerful  Chief  of  the  ^rivers  at  Laggan-a-Chatha,  and  having  obtained  a  complete 
victory,  they  shared  their  lands  between  them,  by  which  John  was  enabled  to  take 
possession  of  Carnban  Castle,^  where  he  resided  for  many  years.  He  married 
Margaret,  daughter  to  Luke  Stirling  of  Keir  and  widow  of  Campbell  of  Glenurchy, 
by  whom  he  had  six  sons,  and  a  daughter,  but  all  of  these  having  died  before 
himself  he  left  the  greater  part  of  his  lands  to  a  son  of  his  wife  by  her  former 
Husband.  The  remaining  part  he  left  to  his  brother  Duncan  with  the  superiority 
of  the  whole,  by  which  he  was  enabled  to  raise  the  men  of  Glenlyon,  in  time  of 
war,  by  a  tune  of  the  bagpipe,  a  privilege,  which  in  those  days  was  considered  a 
greater  honour,  than  the  possession  of  lands.     He  died  aged  ninety  nine  years." 

Mention  is  made  in  the  book  of  the  "  Stirlings  of  Keir  "  that  Lukas  of 
Strevelyn,  the  first  acquirer  of  Keir,  who  died  in  1452,  had  one  daughter, 
Margaret,  married  to  Sir  Colin  Campbell,  but  nothing  is  said  of  a  second 

Here  follows  from  Colonel  Hugh  MacGregor's  narrative  the  tradi- 
tional account  of  how  lan-dubh-nan-Lann  disposed  of  his  lands  to  his 
step-son  : — 

"  Ian  Dubh  was  proprietor  of  the  whole  north  side  of  Glenlyon,  as  well  as  of 
Roro,  and  resided  much  in  the  vicinity  of  the  Kirkton  of  Fortingall,  where  the 
ruins  of  Baile-mor  mhic-Gregair,  is  still  pointed  out  on  the  east  side  of  the  Burn 
called  Aldour  below  the  publick  road. 

"  He  is  said  to  have  had  six  sons  and  a  stepson,  whose  name  was  Campbell. 
It  seems  that  while  he  meditated  on  getting  his  right  to  the  lands  which  he 
possessed  confirmed  by  a  Charter,  he  had  employed  his  stepson  who  was  con- 
siderably older  than  any  of  his  own  sons  to  get  it  executed  for  him.  It  was 
no  easy  matter  in  those  days.  Before  setting  out  upon  his  important  embassy 
Campbell  obtained  his  stepfather's  permission  to  insert  his  own  name  in  the 
Deed,  as  next  heir,  failing  that  of  MacGregor.  John  calculating  on  the 
improbability  of  all  his  six  sons  dying  without  heirs,  unhesitatingly  gave 
Campbell  his  full  consent  to  insert  his  own  name  as  required.  Owing  to 
what  fatality  is  not  known  the  said  John  and  his  sons  died  without  heirs. 
The  last  of  the  sons  while  hunting  in  the  Braes  of  Glenlyon  was  overnight 
at  a  hunting  seat  called  Lub-Sheas-Garnich,  where  he  lay  upon  a  bed  of  rushes 
covered  with  his  plaid,  and  it  is  said  that  whilst  turning  over  upon  his  bed, 
a  stump  of  rushes  penetrated  into  his  stomach,  and  killed  him  on  the  spot.     In 

^  The  castle  of  that  name  was  not,  however,  built  and  so  called  till  long  afterwards.  —Ed. 

MacGregor  of  Roro  115 

consequence  of  which  his  maternal  Brother  Campbell  succeeded  to  the  whole  north 
side  of  Glenlyon  which  his  family  have  enjoyed  ever  since."  ^ 

A  very  picturesque  account  of  the  same  tradition  is  given  in  "  The 
Lairds  of  Glenlyon."  The  writer  gives  the  date  as  the  end  of  the  reign  of 
David  Bruce,  and  in  regard  to  Ian  dubh's  marriage  says  : — 

"  From  some  domestic  feud  in  the  family  of  the  Knight  of  Loch  Awe  his 
widowed  daughter-in-law  and  her  infant  son,  were  forced  to  abandon  their  native 
Halls,  and  flee  for  refuge  to  Glenlyon.  Black  John^  married  the  widow,  and  by 
her  had  a  family  of  seven  sons.  The  young  Campbell  his  '  dalta '  was  carefully 

A  tale  is  next  told  of  a  victory  over  the  Chisholm  who  had  made  a 
raid  into  Glenlyon,  and  a  relation  of  the  circumstances  under  which  the 
"dalta"  succeeded  to  the  lands,  which  agrees  with  the  foregoing,  continuing 
afterwards — 

"  The  name  of  the  first  laird  of  the  family  of  Campbell  was  Archibald.  We  have 
reason  to  believe  he  was  not  John  Dubh's  dalta,  but  the  dalta's  heir  He  lived 
during  the  first  part  of  the  i6th  century.  He  was  a  wise  man  and  fully  conciliated 
the  people  to  whose  rule  he  had  succeeded.  The  M'^Gregors  of  Roro,  who  appear 
in  some  way  to  have  been  closely  connected  with  the  family  of  Ian  Dubh  did  not 
dispute  his  rights,  they  received  him  as  the  heir  of  the  Chieftain,  a  kindness  after- 
wards well  repaid  by  the  Campbells  of  Glenlyon." 

Colonel  Hugh's  Memoir  continued  : — 

"III.  Duncan  MacGregor  of  Roro,  likewise  styled  Baron  of  Glenduibhe  now 
Glenlyon,  Brother  of  lan-dubh-nan-Lann '  He  married  Elisabeth  daughter  to  the 
Laird  of  M'^Naughton  of  Dun-da-ramh,  by  whom  he  had  seven  sons  all  of  whom 
were  married  and  had  children,  and  several  daughters." 

Another  traditional  account  appears  among  Sir  John  MacGregor 
Murray's  papers,  which  at  all  events  gives  an  interesting  view  of  the 
adventures  of  the  time. 

"Traditional  notes  taken  down  15.  October  1814.  from  the  recital  of  John 
MacGregor  from  Ruadhsruthmore  : — 

1  Till  1806,  when  by  the  death  of  the  last  laird  the  property  devolved  on  his  great-nephew 
Francis  Gordon  of  Troup. 

2  In  another  part  of  the  work  Mr  Campbell  assumes  this  Ian  dubh  to  have  been  identical  with 
a  John  of  Lorn,  a  M'Dougall,  and  disputes  his  having  been  a  MacGregor.  His  identity  seems 
scarcely  susceptible  of  proof. 

ii6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"  Tlie  first  1  person  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  who  settled  in  Ruora  was  John 
the  Tanister,  or  second  son  of  MacGregor  of  Breachdshabh  who  was  a  very  hand- 
some man.     A  daughter  of  MacNaughtan  of  Strath  Tay  fell  in  love  with  him. 

"  Macnaughtan  is  said  to  have  possessed  at  a  remote  period  the  tract  of  country 
between  the  Cross  of  MacDuff  near  Perth  and  Tigh  an  Druim,  excepting  some 
properties  which  held  of  him,  of  which  that  of  MacNab  of  MacNab  is  said  to  have 
been  one. 

"  MacNaughtan  had  seven  Farms  in  Glenlyon  which  he  used  as  grazings  in 
summer.  When  the  young  lady  declared  her  partiality  for  John  MacGregor  he 
told  her  that  he  had  not  the  means  of  supporting  a  Family  as  he  was  not  his 
father's  eldest  son.  In  consequence  of  this  remark  the  Lady  proposed  that  they 
should  take  possession  of  the  said  lands  in  Glenlyon  which  her  father  used  for 
rearing  cattle.  They  were  privately  married  and  proceeded  to  Glenlyon  and 
settled  at  Ruarumore  one  of  the  said  farms.  MacNaughtan  was  highly  offended 
and  vowed  that  he  would  put  his  son-in-law  to  death. 

"  In  the  mean  time  Robert  the  Bruce  came  to  that  country  and  in  conse- 
quence of  the  Battle  of  Dalrigh  MacNaughtan  and  MacNab  lost  their  Lands. 
MacNaughtan  took  refuge  at  Dundrave  near  Inverary  where  he  built  a  place  of 
strength.  After  the  lapse  of  some  years  he  determined  to  fulfil  his  vow  against  his 

"  In  the  interim  the  son-in-law  conciliated  the  Inhabitants  of  Glenlyon  and  its 
vicinity  by  his  bravery  and  heading  them  occasionally  in  resisting  the  depredations 
of  various  tribes  who  wished  to  plunder  the  country. 

"  MacNaughtan  having  asembled  threescore  chosen  men  set  out  on  his  enter- 
prise to  put  his  son-in-law  to  death.  Some  of  his  party  who  secretly  disapproved 
of  this  intention,  sent  notice  of  it  to  MacGregor  of  Breacdsliabh  in  Glenurchay, 
who  apprised  his  son  of  the  circumstance  stating  the  route  the  MacNaughtans  were 
to  take.  On  receipt  of  this  intelligence  Ruara  told  some  of  his  friends  and  neigh- 
bours what  was  in  agitation,  and  proposed  to  abscond  till  the  danger  was  over. 
The  inhabitants  answered  that  they  owed  him  many  a  day  for  the  manly  protection 
that  he  had  afforded  them  by  his  prowess  and  guidance,  that  he  must  not  abscond 
but  allow  them  to  select  threescore  men  to  meet  MacNaughtan  man  to  man.  This 
advice  was  adopted  and  MacGregor  with  his  party  set  off  to  Innermheiran  at  the 
west  end  of  Glenlyon,  where  he  put  his  men  in  ambush  at  the  east  side  of  a  rising 
ground,  and  went  forward  himself  very  much  against  the  inclination  of  his  followers, 
but  he  assured  them  that  neither  MacNaughtan  nor  any  of  his  followers  could  know 
him  as  none  of  them  had  ever  seen  him.  He  had  not  proceeded  far  when  he  met 
the  advance  of  MacNaughtan's  party,  with  whom  he  entered  inti  conversation  in 
the  course  of  which  they  told  him  that  none  of  them  had  ever  been  in  that  country 

^  This  does  not  agree  with  Colonel  Hugh's  tradition,  as  he  makes  the  third  of  the  Ruora  lairds 
the  husband  of  a  MacNaughton  lady. 

MacGregor  of  Roro  117 

before.  He  observed  that  they  appeared  Hke  a  party  bent  upon  some  hostile 
expedition,  and  added  that  if  it  were  not  an  improper  question  he  would  be  glad  to 
know  to  what  place  they  were  proceeding.  The  answer  was  that  as  none  of  them 
had  ever  been  in  these  parts  before,  they  did  not  know  how  far  they  were  going, 
but  that  they  knew  the  object  of  the  expedition  and  asked  if  he  was  of  that  country, 
as  in  that  case  he  might  be  of  great  use  to  them  as  a  guide  if  he  would  undertake 
to  be  so.  He  replied  that  he  was  perfectly  acquainted  with  the  country  but  that 
his  undertaking  to  be  their  guide  would  depend  upon  the  nature  of  the  service  they 
had  in  view.  They  answered  that  they  were  accompanying  MacNaughtan  to  put 
to  death  a  person  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  who  had  run  away  with  his  daughter 
and  that  they  were  sure  that  MacNaughtan  would  give  him  a  handsome  reward  if 
he  would  be  their  guide.  John  MacGregor  acknowledged  that  he  knew  the  man 
they  were  in  search  of  j  that  he  was  a  fierce  and  formidable  man  who  would  not  be 
easily  overcome,  and  certainly  not  without  bloodshed  but  they  asserted  that  if  they 
could  find  him  they  would  accomplish  MacNaughtan's  object.  He  then  asked 
where  MacNaughtan  was  and  was  informed  that  he  was  coming  up  on  horseback. 
When  he  came  up  he  was  informed  that  this  man  (Ruara)  was  well  acquainted  with 
the  country  and  knew  his  son-in-law  and  he  would  guide  them  to  him.  Upon 
hearing  this  MacNaughtan  promised  that  if  he  would  guide  the  party  to  the  place 
where  his  son-in-law  resided  he  would  give  him  the  seven  farms  possessed  by  his 
son-in-law.  This  induced  MacGregor  to  say  that  he  would  certainly  show  them 
the  man  they  were  in  quest  of,  but  that  he  would  not  undertake  to  seize  him. 
MacNaughtan  was  satisfied  and  the  party  proceeded  towards  the  place  where 
Ruara's  men  were  posted.  MacNaughtan  having  dismounted  marched  with  the 
guide  a  little  in  advance  of  his  party.  In  their  route  they  came  to  a  broad  ditch  in 
a  swamp  called  Stair-caillach  over  which  the  guide  leaped,  but  MacNaughtan  was 
obliged  to  make  a  circuit  before  he  could  reach  the  spot  where  the  guide  was. 
When  the  party  came  up  they  were  astonished  at  the  leap  which  the  guide  had 
made.  Some  of  them  attempted  it  but  fell  short  and  up  to  the  armpits  in  mire, 
and  so  were  with  difficulty  got  out  and  not  a  man  of  them  could  clear  the  ditch. 
They  were  under  the  necessity  therefore  of  going  round,  but  were  pleased  with  the 
idea,  that  if  they  could  meet  the  person  they  were  in  search  of,  the  guide  was  so 
powerful  a  man  that  he  alone  would  master  him. 

"Whilst  the  party  was  separated  from  MacNaughtan  and  the  guide  the  latter 
put  his  hand  into  that  of  MacNaughtan,  saying  '  Now  Sir  you  have  by  the  hand 
the  man  you  seek.'  'What  are  you  the  man?'  said  MacNaughtan.  '  I  am,' was 
the  answer.  MacNaughtan  then  called  to  his  people  to  come  for  he  had  seized 
the  man  they  wanted.  Ruara  upon  this  said,  '  If  that  is  the  case  Sir  I  shall  make 
sure  of  you,  and  my  men  who  are  at  hand  (and  started  up  upon  being  called  by 
MacGregor)  will  match  yours  and  perhaps  prevent  any  of  them  from  returning  to 
tell  the  news;  and  at  all  rules  you  shall  fall  with  me.'     MacNaughtan  was  pleased 

ii8  History  of  the  Clan   Gregor 

at  finding  that  his  son-in-law  was  at  the  head  of  a  body  of  people,  and  himself  so 
fine  a  fellow  and  solemnly  promised  perpetual  friendship  saying  that  their  people 
should  in  future  be  as  one.  The  parties  feasted  on  the  ground  which  they  respec- 
tively occupied  without  mixing  and  MacGregor  remained  in  quiet  possession 
of  Ruara  and  other  farms  viz  Balnacraig,  Ruadhrashruth-gearr,  Balmeanach, 
Balchannait,  Ballamtull,  Ruadhsruthmore  and  Inverinan  now  rented  at  about 

"  At  one  period  the  whole  of  Glenlyon  belonged  to  Ian  dubh  nan  Lainn, 
There  were  nine  Lairds  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  in  that  quarter  of  the  country. 
Two  battles,  were  fought. 

"The  Clan  vie  Iver  formerly  in  Glenlyon  quarrelled  with  MacDiarmid, 
Maclver  struck  MacDiarmid  who  complained  to  Stewart  of  Gart  his  foster 
brother.     MacDiarmid  was  murdered. 

"  IV.  Gregor  MacGregor  of  Roro  (Duncan's  eldest  son)  succeeded  and  married 
the  daughter  of  the  Laird  of  Weem,  by  whom  he  had  issue  several  sons  of  whom 
was  Patrick  who  got  possession  of  Dunan  in  1480  and  Duncan  who  got  Lerigan 
about  the  same  time."  ^ 

The  Obituary  has  the  following  entries,  which  partly  correspond  with 
the  traditionary  generations  : — 

"  1477.     Feb  :  17.     Death  of  Duncan  Beg  MacGregor  at  Roro. 

"1491.     March    10:     Death   of    John    Duncanson    MacGregor    at    Bellicht 

(Balloch).     He  was  buried  in  Inchadin  in  the  north  side  of  the  Great 

"1493.     August   14;    Death  of  Catherine  Cardny,  daughter  of  the  Laird  of 

Foss,  and  widow  of  the  late  John  Duncanson  MacGregor.     She  was  buried 

in  the  Church  of  Dull,  before  the  step  of  the  Great  Altar. 
"  1494.     July  24  :  Death  of  Terloch  Keir-  son  of  Duncan  MacGregor  he  was 

buried  at  Dysart. 
"  1503.     Death  of  Gregor  Duncanbegson  at  Morinch. 
"15 10      Nov.  28.     Death  of  Gregor  Patrickson  at  Innerchattan. 
"  1511      Jane  5     Death  of  Gilbert  Duncanson  at  Roro  Vicar  of  Kilmartin." 

The  annexed  Table  has  been  drawn  out  to  show  the  earliest  authentic 

^  The  Memoir'  of  Roro  gives  as  the  fifth  in  line  another  Gregor,  stating  that  he  married  a 
daughter  of  Sir  Colin  Campbell  by  Lady  Katherine  Ruthven,  and  that  he  was  beheaded  on  the 
stump  of  an  old  tree  between  Taymouth  and  Kenmore,  but  although  this  is  popularly  believed,  it 
arises  out  of  a  confusion  with  Gregor  nam  Bassan  Gheal,  as  will  be  seen  farther  on. 

"^  It  is  not  clear  that  Terloch  Keir's  father,  Duncan,  belonged  to  Roro. 

MacGregor  of  Roro  119 

notices  of  MacGregor  of  Roro.  The  two  recorded  sons  of  Ian  Cham  are 
placed  at  the  head,  and  a  third  brother,  Duncan,  is  added  according  to  the 
conjecture  of  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling.  But  it  may  be  clearly  seen  that 
one  generation  in  addition,  at  least,  is  required  between  an  ancestor  who 
lived  about  141 5  and  one  who  died  in  15 15,  and  this  is  a  sufficient  reason 
for  rejecting  the  conjecture  that  Roro  descended  from  a  brother  of  Gregor 
Aulin  and  of  John  Dhu.  The  race  were  known  as  the  "Slios  Dhonche," 
or  Tribe  of  Duncan  (whence  Mac  or  Vic  Condoquhy  corrupted  into 
"  V^onche  "),  and  a  distinction  is  made  in  the  Obituary  between  the  sons 
of  Duncan  and  the  sons  of  Duncan  Beg.  It  is  very  difficult  to  bring  the 
traditionary  account  and  the  persons  therein  named  to  correspond  with 
the  ascertained  facts  ;  tradition  is  apt  to  be  imperfect  as  to  dates  and  to 
skip  generations.  We  may  safely  conclude  that  the  first  named  Gregor  of 
Roro  in  family  history  was  Gregor  Duncanson  who  died  in  1515,  but  the 
"  Baronage  "  supposes  him  to  be  a  son  of  Gregor  Aulin,  whereas  to  match 
the  dates  he  must  have  been  his  grandson,  if  his  descendant,  or  otherwise 
his  nephew.  There  is  a  difficulty  in  tracing  Ian  dhu  nan  Lann  who,  the 
traditional  account  states,  was  son  and  successor  to  Gregor.  As  this 
account  also  states  that  John  Dhu  was  succeeded  by  his  brother  Duncan, 
and  as  it  is  known  from  the  Obituary  that  there  was  a  Duncan  at  the 
time,  Father  of  another  generation  at  Roro,  we  may  suppose  that  both 
John  Dhu  nan  bann  and  this  Duncan  were  brothers  of  Ewin,  son  of 
Gregor  Duncanson  who  is  known  to  have  died  at  Roro  in  151 1,  and  who 
may  have  been  a  younger  brother  of  the  other  two,  as  it  is  not  stated  that 
he  was  possessor  of  Roro. 

I20  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 



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Principal  Families  121 

MacGregor  of  Balhaldies. 

This  family  are  understood  to  be  descended  from  the  House  of  Roro. 
Their  appellation  in  Gaelic  is  "  Mac  Ian  mhallich,"  or  son  of  John  with 
the  Bushy  Eyebrows,  and  a  traditional  account  of  the  origin  of  this  name 
is  given  in  a  memoir  by  Lieutenant  Alexander  MacGregor,  Innerhaddon, 
formerly  in  the  Royal  East  Middlesex  Militia.  It  is  recounted  that  the 
daughter  of  a  certain  MacGregor  of  Ardeonig  on  Loch  Tay,  on  the  murder 
of  her  father,  by  order  of  one  of  the  Campbell  Lairds  of  Glenurchy, 
became  heiress  of  the  property,  and  that  to  protect  her  rights  she  resolved 
to  seek  a  husband.  "With  this  view  she  set  out  for  Roro  to  solicit  the 
protection  of  one  of  his  sons,  and  the  first  to  whom  she  had  made  the 
proposal  refused  her  suit,  but  she  was  not  to  be  easily  defeated,  and 
turned  to  another  half-grown  lad,  saying  that  perhaps  this  '  Fear-na-Mail- 
each  dubh '  (alluding  to  his  black  eyebrows)  would  take  her,  to  which  he 
consented,  and  to  this  circumstance  his  descendants  owe  the  name  of 

The  Obituary  mentions  : — 

"1523     Feb:  9.     Death  of  John  Malloch   M'^Hustone,  at  TuUicheamin,  he 
was  buried  in  Killin." 

From  this  we  gather  that  the  immediate  ancestor  of  the  Mallochs  was 
named  Hugh. 

Farther  traces  of  members  of  this  family  will  appear  later. 

MacGregor  of  Learagan. 

The  following  is  from  a  Memoir  by  Colonel  Hugh  MacGregor : — 

"  I.  Duncan  Macgregor,  younger  son  of  Gregor  MacGregor  of  Roro  (No  4) 
commonly  called  Donnacha  dubh  Liomhanach,  from  his  having  come  from  Glen- 
lyon,  got  possession  of  Learagan,  in  Rannoch,  from  a  tribe  called  clann  Tavish, 
that  resided  there  about  the  year  1480.  His  Estate  consisted  of  eleven  merles  of 
land,  extending  from  Aldcheardie  to  the  Clachghlas  near  the  east  end  of  Loch 
Rannoch.      His  brother  Alexander  went  to  Rannoch  about  the  same  time,  and 


122  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

after  a  hard  fought  battle,  with  a  tribe  called  Clann-  'il  bhuidh  (Stewart)  defeated 
them  and  took  possession  in  Dunan.  His  Estate  consisted  of  the  Twelve  merks  of 
land,  by  west  the  river  Ericht,  the  middle  division  of  Slismine,  or  north  side  of 
Loch  Rannoch  having  been  then,  as  well  for  several  generationes  before  the  sons 
of  Roro  came  to  Rannoch,  possessed  by  the  MacGregors  of  Ardlaraich.  The 
descendants  of  Donnacha-dubh  liomhanach,  occupied  Learagan  either  as  Proprietors 
or  as  Tenants,  from  the  above  mentioned  period  till  1792  when  the  present  system 
of  sheep  farming  caused  their  removal.  Duncan  married  a  daughter  of  M'^Pherson 
of  Noelmore,  in  Badenoch  by  whom  he  had  several  children  and  was  succeeded 
by  his  eldest  son  Malcolm  MacGregor  called  Galium  Glas  or  the  pale  faced 

Different  accounts  agree  that  either  Duncan  or  his  son  Malcolm  was 
noted  as  a  good  sportsman,  and  one  notice  states  that  the  lands  were 
obtained  from  the  Earl  of  Atholl,  from  satisfaction  at  MacGregor's  activity 
and  address  and  at  the  swiftness  of  his  dogs  at  a  hunting  which  took  place 
in  the  Glens  of  Atholl. 

MacGregor  of  Dunan. 

Lieutenant  MacGregor,  Innerhaddon's,  Memoirs  contain  the  following 
account  of  this  family  : — 

"  I.  Patrick,  who  first  settled  in  Dunan  in  Rannoch  and  was  the  founder  of  this 
family,  was  the  son  of  MacGregor  of  Roro  in  Glenlyon,  who  accepted  his  patrimony, 
from  his  father,  consisting  of  a  number  of  cattle,  and  a  few  men  and  set  out  to  seek 
his  fortune,  as  it  was  termed,  about  the  year  1480.  He  happened  to  set  out  at  a 
very  fortunate  time,  for  having  proceeded  only  the  length  of  the  hill  of  Gar-Dunan, 
where  he  lodged  all  night  with  his  cattle,  a  messenger,  reached  him  early  next 
morning  from  the  camp  of  an  adventurer  who  had  lodged  all  night  upon  the 
opposite  side  of  Loch  Lydon,  to  try  his  hospitality ;  and  upon  learning  where  they 
were,  he  sent  their  commander  a  fat  cow.  Their  commander  seemed  much  aston- 
ished at  so  unusual  a  gift,  and  asked  his  man  who  it  was  that  had  sent  it,  they  could 
not  tell,  and  consequently  sent  back  to  enquire.  The  two  leaders  met  and  having 
communicated  their  views  to  each  other,  MacGregor  learned  that  he,  who  he  had 
entertained,  was  the  son  of  the  Laird  of  Appin  (in  Argyleshire)  and  the  head  of  a 
party  of  men  intending  to  take  revenge  upon  the  inhabitants  of  the  Braes  of 
Rannoch,  called  Clann  Ian  Bhuidhe,  and  the  clan  Ian  Maileaich,  who  had  but 
recently  offered  an  affront  to  the  Laird  of  Appin's  men  who  were  passing  by. 
They  then  agreed  to  join  issue,  and  that  when  they  had  rooted  out  the  inhabitants. 

Principal  Families  123 

they  would  divide  the  conquered  lands  between  them.  They  proceeded,  and  suc- 
ceeded in  conquering  from  the  west  as  far  as  Errocht  on  the  north  side  of  the  Loch, 
and  as  far  as  West  Camghouran  on  the  south  side.  MacGregor  took  possession  of 
his  own  share  and  Stewart  left  a  representative  and  a  party  of  men  to  occupy  his 
part,  and  returned  to  his  own  country,  upon  the  next  succeeding  Sabbath,  each  with 
his  party  proceeded  to  the  parish  Church  of  Killiechonnan,  which,  when  they  were 
about  to  enter,  a  dispute  arose  about  which  should  enter  first,  MacGregor  or 
Stewart's  representative,  when  both  drew  their  swords  and  MacGregor  slew  his 
opponent.  Word  was  immediately  dispatched  to  Stewart  to  inform  him  of  what 
had  happened,  to  which  he  replied,  '  That  if  he  were  there  in  person,  there  might 
be  some  cause  for  disputing  MacGregor's  precedence,  but  that  he  had  never 
authorised  his  servant  to  dispute  it  for  him  •  that  the  fellow  only  met  with  what 
he  deserved,  adding  that  as  they  could  not  agree  together,  MacGregor  might  enjoy 
the  whole  of  it  for  him ;  which  was  the  case,  and  MacGregor  shortly  sent,  and 
settled  one  of  his  brothers  in  Learagan,  from  whom  that  family  are  descended  and 
another  at  Learan  from  whom  Clann-macGeal  Galium,  are  descended. 

Reflections  may,  of  course,  be  made  as  to  the  lawlessness  and  turbu- 
lence of  these  proceedings,  but  those  were  times  when  physical  courage 
and  strength  of  arm,  with  some  address  in  taking  advantage  of  oppor- 
tunities, were  the  only  qualities  much  esteemed,  and  they  knew  no  other 
means  of  gaining  a  livelihood.  Traditions  of  a  similar  kind  were  very 
graphically  told  by  many  in  the  Highlands  up  till  a  few  years  ago,  having 
been  transmitted  down  by  word  of  mouth  with  the  full  intention  of  neither 
adding  nor  taking  away  from  them,  although  some  deviations  must  have 
been  unavoidable. 

MagGregor  of  Ardlarich. 

This  family  is  descended  from  the  House  of  Glenstray,  of  which  it  is 
believed  to  be  the  next  representative,  failing  the  direct  heirs,  but  it  is 
supposed  that  none  of  the  male  line  of  Ardlarich  remain  in  Scotland,  and 
all  trace  of  those  abroad  are  lost.^ 

In  the  Obituary  the  death  is  recorded  on  the  31st  July  1526  of  Gregor, 
son  of  John  MacGregor,  alias  M^Ewine  M'^AUaster  of  Glenstray,  as  has 

^  The  family  claimed  to  be  very  ancient,  and  even  to  be  the  Chief.     They  were  certainly  very 
early  settled  in  Rannoch. 

124  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

been  noticed  at  the  end  of  Chapter  V.,  page  54.  Mr  MacGregor  Stirh'ng, 
from  a  comparison  of  dates,  makes  out  that  this  Gregor  left  a  son  Allaster, 
father  of  Archibald  Dhu  M^Condachie  V^Allaster  in  Ardlarich,  mentioned 
under  this  name  many  years  later,  as  will  appear  in  the  sequel.  A 
Memoir  from  Lieutenant  Alexander's  papers  only  begins  with  a  Gillespie 
(Archibald)  Ruadh  in  the  sixteenth  century. 

MacGregor  of  Glengyle. 

The  Ancestor  of  this  House  is  universally  supposed  to  have  been  the 
fifth  son  of  Gregor  Aulin  named  Dougal,  and  that  from  some  remarkable 
colouring  of  hair  or  eyes  he  was  distinguished  as  Dougal  Ciar,  which  word 
in  Gaelic  means  dusky,  dark  brown,  or  dark  grey,  and  which  name  became 
the  designation  of  a  very  powerful  and  stirring  tribe. 

Besides  these  Perthshire  Families,  others  settled  in  Aberdeenshire  and 
elsewhere.  An  old  MS.  relates  very  circumstantially  a  settlement  of  the 
Clan  in  Braemar  at  Little  Inverey,  giving  the  date  as  far  back  as  1403, 
which  is  certainly  too  early. 

The  Gregories  of  Kinairdie  trace  their  descent  from  a  son  of  Roro 
who  went  to  the  Boyne  in  1500,  and  married  a  daughter  of  the  Laird  of 
Finlater,  by  whom  he  had  a  son  James  surnamed  Gregor,  who  became 
Chamberlain  to  Finlater  at  Woodland,  in  the  parish  of  Udney.  He 
married  Agnes  More,  sister  to  William  More  of  Ferryhill,  and  died  in 

These  brief  notices  of  the  origin  of  the  different  families  are  merely 
given  at  this  place  to  explain  the  names  which  occur  in  the  histories  of  the 
subsequent  times,  and  serve  as  a  guide  to  the  identification  of  some  of  the 
individuals  mentioned.  It  is  intended  to  give  as  full  genealogical  accounts 
as  possible  later  on. 

Before  resuming  the  general  history,  an  anecdote  of  one  of  the  ancient 
Chiefs  may  be  related,  which,  amidst  the  sterner  features  of  the  times. 

Highland   Hospitality  125 

shows  that  the  virtue  of  hospitality  and  good  faith  shone  brightly.  The 
following  version  of  this  anecdote,  which  is  now  well  known,  was  com- 
municated to  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray  by  the  Rev.  Dr  Joseph 
Maclntyre,  Minister  of  Killin  in  1800: — 

"  The  Chief  was  at  that  time  residing  on  his  freehold  in  Glenorchy  :  His  son 
had  gone  in  the  shooting  season,  with  a  party  of  young  associates,  to  the  Moors 
in  the  Braes  of  the  country :  they  met  with  a  young  gentleman,  of  the  name  of 
Lamont  from  Cowal,  who  attended  by  a  servant  was  going  to  Fort  William.  They 
all  went  to  the  kind  of  inn  that  was  in  the  place,  and  took  a  refreshment  together ; 
in  the  course  of  which  at  the  close  of  the  day  a  trifling  dispute  arose  betwixt 
Lamont  and  young  MacGregor;  Dirks  were  drawn,  and  before  Friends  could 
interfere,  MacGregor  fell  wounded,  and  soon  expired  beside  the  table.  In  the 
confusion  Lamont  escaped,  and  though  pursued,  under  the  cover  of  night  got 
securely  to  the  House  of  MacGregor,  the  first  habitation  that  met  him  by  the  dawn 
of  the  morning.  The  Chieftain  had  got  up  and  was  standing  at  the  door,  *  Save 
my  life '  said  the  stranger  '  for  Men  are  in  pursuit  of  me  to  take  it  away.'  '  Who- 
ever you  are'  says  MacGregor  '  Here  you  are  safe.'  Lamont  was  but  just  brought 
to  an  inner  apartment  and  introduced  to  the  family,  when  a  loud  enquiry  was  made 
at  the  door  if  any  stranger  had  entered  the  house.  *  He  has '  says  MacGregor 
'  And  what  is  your  business  with  him  ? '  '  In  a  scuffle '  cried  all  the  pursuers,  '  He 
has  killed  your  son,  deliver  him  up,  that  we  may  instantly  revenge  the  deed.' 
MacGregor's  lady  and  his  two  daughters  filled  the  house  with  their  cries  and 
lamentations,  '  Be  quiet '  says  the  Chief,  with  his  eyes  streaming  with  tears,  *  and 
let  no  man  presume  to  touch  the  youth-  for  he  has  MacGregor's  word  and  honour 
for  his  safety  and  as  God  lives,  he  shall  be  safe  and  secure  whilst  in  my  house.'  In 
a  little,  after  every  kind  treatment  of  Lamont  he  accompanied  him  with  twelve  men 
under  arms  to  Inveraray  saw  him  in  safety  on  the  other  side  of  Lochfyne  took  him 
by  the  hand  and  thus  addressed  him,  '  Lamont,  now  you  are  safe  :  no  longer  can  I, 
or  will  I,  protect  you ;  keep  out  of  the  way  of  my  Clan.  May  God  forgive  and 
bless  you.'  This  happened  some  short  time  before  the  severe  act  of  proscription 
against  the  Clan  in  the  year  1633.^  when  to  the  discredit  of  Justice  a  weak 
government  sacrificed  a  whole  people  for  the  atrocities  of  a  few.  MacGregor  lost 
his  property,  and  was  hunted  for  his  life  by  this  iniquitous  act :  He  took  shelter  in 
the  house  of  this  very  Lamont,  noted  for  his  urbanity  and  his  known  contrition  for 
the  misfortune  of  his  younger  years,  and  by  every  act  of  kindness  to  his  venerable 
guest,  and  some  branches  of  his  family  in  some  measure  revered  the  providence 
that  had  thus  put  it  in  his  power  to  repay  to  the  family  in  some  measure  the  loss  he 
had  occasioned  them  by  the  death  of  a  son." 

^  The  period  must  have  been  much  earlier,  if  the  Chief  still  lived  in  Glenurchay,  and  it  must 
have  been  one  of  the  earlier  persecutions  when  he  was  hunted  for  his  life. 


Chapter  XII 

DURING  the  early  years  of  Queen  Mary,  internal  divisions  and  the 
dread  of  English  invasions,  entirely  occupied  the  Government, 
therefore  little  is  heard  of  the  Highlands  in  the  Public  Records  except  the 
mention  of  a  few  Chiefs  at  the  Battle  of  Pinkie. 

The  Reformation,  which  attained  its  recognition  in  1560,  had  little 
effect  amongst  the  distant  mountains,  where  the  usual  feuds  continued  to 
prevail  unchecked  till  after  the  return  of  the  young  Queen,  the  Dauphin's 
widow,  from  France  in  August  1561. 

Soon  afterwards  the  Queen's  attention  seems  to  have  been  directed  to 
the  conflicts  in  the  North,  as  a  series  of  proclamations  shortly  appear. 
The  Queen's  marriage  with  Lord  Darnley  took  place  on  the  27th  July 
1565.  On  the  19th  June  1566  the  young  Prince  was  born,  and,  on  his 
mother's  forced  resignation,  he  was,  in  1567,  crowned  King  of  Scotland  as 
James  VI. 

The  following  year  the  perplexed  Queen  took  the  fatal  step  of  trusting 
herself  to  the  mercy  of  her  cousin,  Queen  Elizabeth  of  England,  who 
caused  her,  after  a  lingering  captivity,  to  be  executed  at  Fotheringay 
Castle  in  Northamptonshire,  8th  Feb.  1587. 

It  has  been  related  in  Chapter  IX.  that  Duncan  Ladosach  and  two  of 
his  sons  perished  in  June  1552.  This  slaughter  seems  to  have  dismayed 
and  disorganised  the  Clan,  for  several  Bands  of  Manrent  with  Sir  Colin 
Campbell  were  soon  afterwards  made,  doubtless  with  the  object  of 
obtaining  a  temporary  respite  from  persecution. 

Band  of  the  M^Olcallums  from  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth"  :— 

"At  the  Yle  of  Loch  Tay  the  thrid  day  of  August  1552.  William  M'^Olcallum 
in  Rannocht,  Malcum  his  son,  and  Donald  Roy  M'^Olchallum  Glas  bindis  and 
oblisses  thame  thair  airis  bamis,  and  posterite  to  be  .  .  .  afald  seruantis  to  Colyne 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  and  to  his  airis  maill  quhom  .  .  .  thai  haif  electit  and 

1554]  Sundry  Entries  127 

chosyn  for  thair  cheiffis  and  masteris,  renunciand  M'^Gregour  thair  auld  chief  and 
all  utheris  in  the  contra,  the  authorite  alanerlie  except,  and  that  because  the  said 
Colyne  hes  deliuerit  to  thame  his  letter  of  maintenians  .  .  and  als  the  saidis 
personis  for  thameselffis,  thair  airis,  and  successouris  gevis  thair  calpis  to  the  said 
Colyne  and  his  airis  conforme  to  the  use  thairof  .  .  and  gif  it  happens  the  saidis 
William,  Malcum,  or  Donald  to  faill  in  the  premissis  to  pay  to  the  said  Colyne  and 
his  airis  the  soume  of  ane  hundreth  pundis  money  within  XV  days  eftir  the  faill 
be  triiet  and  maid  manifest .  .  and  heirto  the  foirsaidis  personis  ar  bundin  .  .  .  and 
sworn  uoun  the  holy  evangellis  .  .  .  presentibus  Alexandro  Menzies  de  Rannocht, 
Colyne  Campbell  filio  Archibaldi  Campbell  de  Glenlyoun,  Patricio  Campbell  et 
Johnne  Leche  testibus  vocatis. 

"  Willelmus  Ramsay e  Notarius." 

"1552.  August  4.  Malcum  M'^Aynmallicht  (son  of  John  Malloch)  Donald  his 
brother  Duncane  M'^Neill  V^Kewin  (Ewin)  William  and  Malcum  M'^Neill 
V^Ewin  brothers  to  the  said  Duncane,  renouncing  M'^Gregour  their  Chief, 
bind  themselves  to  Colyne  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  giving  him  their 
Calpes."— B.B.  of  T. 

"1552,  August  21.  Gregour  M'^Gregour  son  of  the  deceased  Sir  James 
M'^Gregour  Dean  of  Lismore  binds  himself  to  the  same  '  taking  thame  for 
his  chiefs  in  place  of  the  Laird  M'^Gregour.'" — B.B.  of  T. 

"1552.  Sep,  9.  Donald  Beg  M'^Acrom  Duncane  and  William  his  brothers 
duelling  in  the  Bray  of  Weyme  bind  themselves  to  the  same,  'having 
overgiven  the  Laird  M'^Gregour and  his  heirs  and  successors.'" — B.B.  of  T. 

**  1552.  Dec.  21.  Duncan  M'^Aindrew  in  .  .  .  Duncane  and  Malcum  his  sons 
renounce  the  Laird  M'^Gregour  and  his  heirs  as  their  chief  and  choose 
the  same.  Dated  before  among  other  witnesses,  William  M'^Olcallum 
M"=Gregour  and  John  M'^Yndoir."— B.B.  of  T. 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1552  Nov.  24.  Colin  Campbell  bought  of  Finlay  M'^Nab  of  Bowaine  the  lands 
(amongst  others)  of  Ardchalzie  Easter  which  had  been  in  the  hands  of  the 
M'^Nabs  for  a  long  time  previously.^ 

"1554.  May  9.  '  Gregourstone '  is  mentioned  in  Charter  by  Queen  Mary  to 
John  Creichtoun  of  Strathurd  and  Janet  Ruthven  daughter  of  William  Lord 
Ruthven,  Spouse  of  the  said  John,  of  the  Tower,  Place  and  Mains  of 
Strathurd  vie :  Perthe  as  is  Drumquhar  then  possessed  by  John  Gregour 
Cokkar.— Mag.  Sig.  XXIX,  115. 

1  Patrick  MacNab  of  Bowaine  gave  to  his  son  Finlay  and  heirs  the  lands  of  Bovaine  and 
Ardkelzie  Ester  at  Killin,  ist  January  1486-7,  for  a  pair  of  gloves  to  be  given  to  the  King  at 
Pentecost.— Register  of  Great  Seal. 

128  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1558 

"1555.  May  2.    William  of  Tullibardine  *  Plege  for  William  Our  M'^Gregor  and 
John  M'^Ynkeir  (Lan  Ciar) '  under  penalty  of  a  hundred  marks  each. — Records 
of  High  Court  of  Justiciary. 
"  1556-7.  Feb.  I.     Precept  of  a  Charter  of  Confirmation  of  a  Charter  of  Sale 
made  by  Janet  Makgregour  heretrix  of  the  lands  underwritten  with  consent 
of  Malcolm  M'^Gillemichaell  her  spouse,  to  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurchay 
and  his  heirs  male,  of  all  and  whole  the  8  merk  land  of  Kingart,  lying  in 
Stewartry  of  Strathearn  and  Shire  of  Perth. — Privy  Seal. 
"1557.58.  Jan.  31.     Preceptum  legitimationes  Gregorij  M'^Gregour  et  Dugalli 
M'^Gregour  bastadorum  filiorum  naturalium  Domini  Jacobi  M'^Gregour  (Sir 
James  M'^Gregor  Dean  of  Lismore)  in  communi  forma  &a  apud  Edinburgh 
ultimo  Jan. — Privy  Seal. 
"  1557-8  Feb.     Menzies  of  that  Ilk  on  account  of  the  lawless  and  independent 
spirit  of  the  ClanGregor   in   Rannoch   (as   by  him   alleged)  obtained  an 
exemption  from  answering  for  these,   under  the  seal  and  subscription  of 
Mary  of  Guise  Queen  Regent.^ 
"1558.  Feb.  8.     Death  of  Malcolm  M'^Neill  V^Ewin  at  Lagfarme  in  his  own 

house.     Pray  for  the  soul  of  him  who  did  good  to  God  and  man 

Quhilk  summyr  Schyr  Dougal  M^Gregour  byggit  (n)ew  hous  besyd  the  Kirk 

of  Fortingall,  samyn  yer  Schir  Dougall  got  the  sencellari Lesmoyr 

fra  Collin  Campbell  of  Glenurchy. — Obituary." 
It  may  have  been  about  this  time  that  a  terrible  outrage  on  the 
Clan  Laurane  took  place.  Subsequently,  in  the  year  1604,  John  M^Coul 
Chere  with  other  M'^Gregors  was  tried  for  the  slaughter  of  eighteen  house- 
holders of  the  Clan  Laurane^  (forty-six  years  syne  or  thereby),  of  which  he 
was  acquitted.  It  has  also  been  alleged  that  Duncan  Ladosach  and  his 
son  Gregor  were  concerned  in  the  raid,  but  as  they  were  killed  fifty-two 
years  previous  to  this  trial,  the  accusation  does  not  coincide  with  the  time 
supposed.  There  is  a  tradition  that  the  immediate  cause  of  provocation 
was  that  the  M'^Lauranes  had  cut  the  mouths  of  some  horses  belonging  to 
the  M'^Gregors  in  Glen  Dochart. 

The  M'^Lauranes,  who  claim  to  have  been  settled  in  Balquhidder  since 

1  See  next  page. 

2  A  moumental  stone  was  placed  in  Balquhidder  churchyard,  1868,  by  Daniel  M'^Laurin,  Esq., 
of  St  John's  Wood,  London,  a  descendant  of  MacLabhrainn  of  Auchleskin,  in  memory  of  those  who 
perished  in  this  unhappy  occurrence,  with  the  following  inscription,  "In  Memoriam  of  the  Clan 
Laurin,  anciently  the  allodian  inhabitants  of  Balquhidder  and  Strathearn,  the  Chief  of  whom  in  the 
decrepitude  of  old  age,  together  with  his  aged  and  infirm  adherents,  their  wives  and  children,  the 
widows  of  their  departed  kindred,  all  were  destroyed  in  the  silent  midnight  hour,  by  fire  and  sword 
by  the  hands  of  a  banditti  of  incendiarists  from  Glendochart.    A.D.  1558." 

1559]  The  Clan  Laurane  129 

the  thirteenth  century,  exercised  a  priviledge  of  being  the  first  to  enter 
the  Church  of  Balquhidder  at  the  Diets  of  Worship  on  Sundays.  The 
M'^Gregors  shared  this  precedence,  having  in  the  fifteenth  century 
stipulated,  it  is  said,  to  be  allowed  to  share  the  right,  as  a  preliminary 
condition  before  they  effectually  assisted  the  M'^Lauranes  in  a  great 
fight  with  the  Lenies.  This  right  led  eventually  to  a  serious  brawl 
inside  the  Church  in  1532,  when  the  vicar.  Sir  John  M'^Laurane,  was 
killed.  (Taken  from  "  Curious  Episodes  of  Scottish  History,"  by 
Robert  Fittis.) 

"  1559.  March  11.     Malcolm  M'^Coule  Keir  appears  as  a  witness  in  a  Bond  by 
the  Clan  Laurane  dwelling  in  Balquhidder. 

Sir  Alexander  Menzies  having  represented  to  the  Queen  Regent,  Mary 
of  Guise,  in  1559,  that  he  could  not  be  answerable  for  the  actions  of  the 
MacGregors  in  Rannoch,  he  received  the  following  exemption  : — 

"Letter  by  Mary  of  Guise,  Queen  Regent  of  Scotland,  exempting  Alexander 
Menzies  of  that  Ilk  from  finding  caution  for  MacGregors  his  tenants  in  Rannoch, 
for  seven  years.     7th  Feb.  1559. 

"  '  Regina. — We  understanding  that  it  is  not  within  the  power  of  Alexander 
Menzes  of  that  Ilk  to  ansuer  for  the  gud  reule  of  the  Clangregour  inhabitantis  of 
the  Rannoch,  and  that  our  chozing  the  Erie  of  Ergyle  and  Coline  Campbell  of 
Glenvrquhay  hes  the  seruic  of  that  clann,  and  that  thai  will  do  thare  deligens  to 
caus  gud  reule  be  kepit  be  the  said  clann,  and  for  diuers  vther  resonable  causis  and 
considerationis  moving  ws,  grantis  and  gevis  licence  to  the  said  Alexander  to  set 
intak  and  assedatioun  all  and  haill  his  tuenty-pund  land  of  Rannock  Hand  within 
the  sherefdom  of  Perth,  too  the  auld  tenentis  and  inhabitantis  thairof  of  the  Clan- 
gregour for  the  space  of  sevin  yeris ;  and  will  and  grantis  that  he  nor  his  airis  sail 
nocht  be  haldyn  to  our  derrest  dochter,  nor  ws,  to  ansuer  for  thair  gud  reule  during 
the  said  sevin  yeirs,  nor  to  enter  thame  to  our  lawes,  our  justice  airis,  nor  justice 
Courtis  for  thair  demeritis,  nochtwithstanding  the  generall  band  maid  be  the  lordis 
and  landit  men  of  the  said  S  .  .  .  .  our  said  derrest  dochter  and  ws  there  upoun  : 
Anent  the  quhilkis  we  dispens  with  hym  be  thir  presentis  a  panis  contenit  thairin. 
Gevin  vnder  signet.  Subscriuit  with  our  hand  at  Edinburgh  vii  day  of  Fabruarm 
the  zeir  ogf  God. 

"  '  Marie  R.' " 

— From  the  Charter  Room  of  Castle  Menzies. — "  Red  and  White  Book  of  Menzies," 
From  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1559.  March  9.     Patrick  M'^Conachy  V'^Coull  M'^Gregour  in  Inwirzelly  John 


130  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1560 

his  brother  german,  Patrick  M'^Ane  M'=Gregour  in  Dalmarky  Johne  M'^Ane 
his  brother  german,  and  Malcum  M'^Coule  Kair  M*^Gregour  dweUing  in 
Balquihidder,  bind  themseves  to  render  CoHn  Campbell  faithful  service 
when  required,  ay  and  quhill  the  said  Colyne  and  his  airis,  stayk  thame 
with  sum  rowmis  or  stedingis  quhairby  they  may  serve  themsel  upoune 
thair  awin  expensis  and  to  give  thame  their  Calpes. — 'Black  Book  of 

"1560    Feb.    16.      John   M^Avyr  Alexander   M'^Alester   M'^Gregour  VNeill 
witness. — '  Chartulary.' 
"  1561  April  17.     Duncan  M'^Coule  Keir  a  witness  at  Strathfillan. 
July  4.     Gregour  M'^Ane  and  Patrik  M'^Olane  witnesses. 

"1561.  14.  Feb.  St.  Andrews.  Charter  of  Few-farm  of  the  lands  of  Dull  by 
David  Guthrie,  Vicar  of  Dull  and  John  Wyram,  usufructuary  thereof,  with 
consent  of  the  Lord  James  Commendator  of  St  Andrews,  and  of  the 
Convent  113  in  number  in  favour  of  John  M'^Grigor. — '  Red  and  White 
Book  of  Menzies.' 

"  1561.  Augst.  24.  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyle  addressed  a  missive  from 
Achallader  to  Grigor  MacGregor  son  and  apparent  heir  of  the  late 
Alexander  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  narrating  a  grant  of  the  superiority 
of  the  lands  of  Glenurchay  with  the  islands  called  Elanewir  and  Elan- 
duffeir,  Elankilequhyrne  and  Elan  bochtoliff,  part  of  the  lands  of  Auchynna 
with  the  island  called  Elanvoriche  part  of  Kellan,  Fernach,  Inverynan, 
Craigbarnory,  Sonnochan,  Altbane  and  Allbre-Mnycht  lying  within  his 
barony  of  Lochaw  which  were  formerly  hereditarily  possessed  by  Colin 
Campbell  and  which  he  had  resigned  into  the  Earl's  hands  as  the  repre- 
sentative of  the  King  as  Superior  and  which  were  now  granted  to  Duncan 
Campbell  his  son  and  apparent  heir.'  Amongst  the  witnesses  is  '  Johanne 
M'^Condoquhy  Roy. — Excerpt  from  the  Sheriff  under  22d  June  1584  in 
'Chartulary.'  (Translation  and  abridgement  taken  from  Dr  Joseph 
Anderson's  note  books.) 

"1562  May  21.  Allester  M'^Ewin  Dow  V^Gregor  slain  by  Patrik  M'^Ayn 
Vyc  Olchallum  alias  M'^Gregor  Kyllejiese  (Killiehassie)  and  buried  at 
Foss. — Obituary. 

"1562.  Feb.  2.  Death  of  John  Dow  M'^Condoquhy  V*^Gregor  at  Castle  of 

"1562.  August  I.  Bond  by  Johnne  Dow  M'^Couilaid  in  Braiklie  at  Kend- 
lochtollive,  Donald  Dow  Mak  Couilaid  and  Makum  M'^Couill  Laid  his 
brothers,  to  CoUein  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  giving  him  their  Calpes; 
signed  at  the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay  before  these  witnesses  Greigour 
M'^Kein  Keeper  of  the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay,  Ewin  M'^Kein  in  Mour- 
laganmoir  and  John  Makindovin  in  Portbane. — B.  B.  of  T." 

1563]  Rannoch  sublet  to  Keppoch  131 

It  has  been  stated  in  Chapter  X.  that  Sir  Colin  Campbell  had  made 
John  M*^Condoquhy  Keeper  of  the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay  in  1550;  his 
son,  Gregor  Maclan,  appears  to  have  obtained  the  appointment  in 
succession  to  his  father,  who  died  a  few  months  previous  to  this  date. 

"  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1562-3  Jan.  12.  Letter  to  Coling  Campbell  of  Glenurquhair  of  the  Escheit 
of  Gregour  MakGregour  of  Glenstray  alias  Laird  Makgregour,  Duncan 
MakGregour  in  Roro,  Duncan  Makandoy  (Ian  dhu)  elder,  Duncan 
Makandoy  younger  Patrik  Makane  M'^Gillichallum  glas,  Ewin  Makgregour 
chellych,  Malcolme  Makgregor  alias  Kendmoir.  and  Duncan  Gig  alias 
Laddossoune^  for  the  slaughter  of  Tearloch  (Charlie)  Campbell. — Record 
of  Privy  Seal. 

"  1563.  (Obituary) Ane  gud  symmyr  and  gud  harist,  pece  and  rest 

excep  the  Lard  of  Glenurquhay,  wyryth  (wrath  or  warreth)  aganis  the 

Having  obtained  the  escheit  of  so  many  of  the  ClanGregor,  Sir  Colin 
Campbell  now  endeavoured  to  turn  it  to  the  best  advantage,  and  having 
a  lease  from  Sir  Alexander  Menzies  of  part  of  the  Loch  Rannoch  lands, 
arranged  to  sublet  them  to  MacDonald  of  Keppoch,  to  get  their  support 
against  the  MacGregors. 

Contract  between  Glenurquhay  and  Cappycht  (Keppoch)  : — 

"  1563.  April  25.  At  Ballocht.  It  is  agreit  betuix  Colyne  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhay  on  that  ane  part  and  Rannald  M'^Rannald  M'^Coniglas  off 
Cappicht  on  that  uther  part  in  maner  following,  the  said  Colyne  havand  of 
our  Souerane  Lady  the  gift  of  escheit  of  the  Clangregour  now  being  our 
Souerane  Lady  rebellis,  of  thair  takis,  rowmis,  stedingis,  gudis,  and  geir. 
And  havand  of  the  Lard  of  Weyme  in  lifrent  the  tuelf  merkland  of 
Rannoch  on  the  west  syde  of  the  watter  of  Erachtie,  to  haif  sett  in 
assedatioun  to  the  said  Rannald  his  airis  maill,  and  subtenantis  of  nay 

hiear  degre  nor  himself witht  power  to  set  the  saidis  landis  to 

subtenantis  of  lawer  degrie  nor  himself  of  ony  surname  (the  Clangregour 

alanerlie  except) during  the  gift  of  the  takis  of  the  said  Colyne 

escheit,  malis,  and  deweteis  usit  and  wont  conforme  to  the  payment  that 
M'^Gregour  suld  haif  maid  to  the  Lard  of  Weyme.  And  efter  the 
furthrinnin  of  the  said  Colyne  lyfrent  and  takis,  he  and  his  airis  sail  do 
thair  exact  diligence  in  obtaining  of  new  takis  and  lyfrent  upoun  all  the 
1  Apparently  Duncan  Laddosach's  son;  he  is  not  mentioned  in  the  "  Baronage." 

132  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1563 

forsaidis  landis,  and  thairefter  mak  the  said  Rannald  and  his  airis  tytill 
thairof  .  .  and  the  said  Colyne  and  his  airis,  sail  defend  the  said  Rannald 

his  airis  and  subtenantis  in  the  forsaidis  landis For  the  quhilkis 

the  said  Rannald  oblisses  hym  and  his  airis,  freindis  &a  to  be  leill  trew 
seruantis  to  the  said  Colyne  &a  and  the  said  Rannald  sail  ....  mak  his 
principal  residens  thairupoun  ay  and  quhill  he  may  bring  the  samyn  to 
quietness  for  the  commoun  weill  of  the  cuntre  and  sal  nocht  suffer  ony  of 
the  Clangregour  to  haif  entres  or  intromissiounes  of  the  forsaidis  landis 
....  Atour  the  said  Rannald  and  his  airis  forsaidis  ....  oblisses  thame 
to  .  .  .  persew  at  thair  utermaist  power  samony  of  the  ClanGregour  as  ar 
now  our  Souerane  Lady  rebellis  and  apprehend  and  bring  thame  to  the 
said  Colyne  and  his  airis  to  be  punesit  according  to  the  lawis." 

The  Macdonalds  of  Keppoch  were  not  more  famed  for  their  docility 
than  the  MacGregors,  and  possibly  they  found  the  task  of  guarding  the 
country  uncongenial,  for  the  following  year  Rannald  M^Couilglas  of 
Cappicht  renounced  by  contract  his  right  to  the  12  merkland  of 
Rannocht. — "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth." 

"  1563.  May  6.  Contract  of  manrent  and  protection  between  Collyne  Campbell 
of  Glenurquhay  and  Johne  Oyg  M'^Ane  Abricht  of  Glen  cho  providing  that 
if  he  will  not  instantly  serve  against  the  ClanGregour  his  contract  shall  be 

From  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  : — 

"1563  Nov.  17.  Gregour  M'^Gregour  of  that  Ilk  obliges  himself  his  kin 
servants,  and  dependants  to  do  all  the  steid  he  may  to  Jhone  Stewart 
apparent  of  the  Appin,  without  exposing  himself  to  hurt  at  my  Lord 
Ergyle's  hand,  subscribed  at  Elian  na  mayn.  witnesses  Duncan  MacGregor 
of  Rorow  Ewin  M'^Gregour  and  Duncan  M'^Allaster  V^Ewin." 

Register  of  the  Privy  Council  of  Scotland.     Queen  Mary. 

"Apud  Striveling,  XXIJ  Septembris,  anno,  etc,  (1563). 

"The  Quenis  Majestic,  understanding  that  the  Clangregour,  being  hir  Hienes 
rebellis,  and  at  hir  home  for  divers  horrible  attemptatis  committit  be  thame 
hes  nocht  onhe  massit  thameselfis  in  greit  cumpanyis,  bot  als  hes  drawin 
to  thaim  the  maist  part  of  the  broken  men  of  the  hail  cuntre,  quhilkis 
at  thair  plesour  birnis  and  slayis  the  pouer  lieges  of  this  realme,  revis  and 
takis  thair  gudis,  sornis  and  oppreessis  thame  in  sic  sort  that  thai  ar  hable 
to  lay  waist  the   haill   boundis  quhair  thai   hant,  and   to   bring   the   samyn  to 

1563]  Proclamation  by  Queen  Mary  133 

be  inhabitable,  without  the  hastier  remeid  be  providit  thairfoir.  and  knawing  that 
the  saidis  malefactouris  for  the  maist  part  hantis  and  repairis  within  the  boundis 
following,  and  that  the  noblemen  underspecifiet  quha  ar  principalis  of  the  boundis 
undernamit,  ar  maist  hable  to  expell  the  saidis  evill  doaris  furth  of  thair  boundis,  or 
ellis  gif  thai  be  fundin  within  the  saniyn  to  apprehend  and  tak  thame  and  bring 
thame  to  the  Justice  or  his  Deputis  to  be  punist  for  thair  demeritis.  Thairfoir 
ordainis  the  said  noble  men  to  expell  and  hald  the  saidis  broken  men  furth  of  the 
bondis  undernemmit  in  maner  underspecifiet ;  that  is  to  say,  James  Erie  of  Murray, 
furth  of  the  boundis  of  Bramar,  Badynoch,  Lochquhabir,  Bra  of  Murray,  Strath- 
name,  and  Stratherne,  within  the  boundis  of  the  Sherefdome  of  Inverness,  Archi- 
bald Erie  of  Argyle,  furth  of  the  boundis  of  Argyle,  Lome,  Levinax,  and  Menteith  : 
Johne  Erie  of  Athole,  furth  of  the  boundis  of  Athole,  Strthardail  Glensche,  and 
Dunkeld.  George  Erie  of  Errole,  furth  of  the  boundis  of  Logiealmont;  James 
Lord  Ogilvie  furth  of  the  boundis  of  the  Bra  of  Angus ;  Patrick  Lord  Ruthven, 
furth  of  the  boundis  of  Strathbarne ;  David  Lord  Drummond  furth  of  the  boundis 
of  Stratherne ;  Colyne  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy,  furth  of  the  boundis  of  Braidal- 
bane  and  Buchquhidder ;  and  Johne  Grant  of  Freuchy,  furth  of  the  boundis  of 
Strathspey,  Strathawn  and  Bra  of  Strathbogie.  And  to  that  effect  grantis  and  com- 
mittis  to  the  saidis  noble  men  and  every  ane  of  thame,  within  the  boundis  forsaidis, 
full  power  speciale  mandiment,  and  charge  to  pass,  serche,  and  seik  the  saidis 
rebellis,  malefactouris,  and  oppressouris  quhair  evir  thai  may  be  apprehendit  within 
the  boundis  abonespecifiet ;  and  apprehend  and  tak  thame  and  bring  thame  to  the 
Justice  or  his  Deputis,  to  be  punist  for  thair  demeritis ;  and  to  convocat  and  gadder 
oure  Soverane  Ladies  liegis  in  cumpanyis  and  armyis ;  and  to  persew,  follow,  and 
invade  the  saidis  tresspassouris,  with  fire  and  suerd  and  gif  thai  or  any  of  thaim, 
happynnis  to  entir  in  houssis  or  strengthis,  to  lay  assaige  yhairto,  and  to  raise  fyre 
for  recovering  of  the  samyn  gif  neid  be ;  and  ordainis  the  gentilmen,  induellars 
within  the  boundis  specifiet  upoun  the  command  gevin  to  thame  be  ony  of  the 
saidis  noble  men,  or  utherwyise  be  lettres,  assemble  thair  folkis  togidder,  and  meit 
the  saidis  noble  men  ilkane  within  the  boundis  foirsaidis  at  sic  place  or  places  as 
salbe  assignit  to  thame,  and  to  remaine  with  the  saidis  noble  men  during  the  space 
thai  salbe  commandit.  and  als  gevis  power  to  the  saidis  noble  men  gif  neid  requiris 
to  joine  thair  cumpanies  togidder  and  pass  fordwart  in  army  or  armies  for  persewing 
of  the  saidis  evill  doaris.  And  gif  any  of  thame  happynnis  to  be  slane  or  mutilat  in 
the  persewing  or  taking,  the  Quenis  Majestie  will  and  granteth  that  the  saidis  noble 
men  nor  nane  of  hir  Graces  lieges  being  with  thame,  or  ony  of  thame  in  cumpany, 
sail  nocht  be  callit  nor  accusit  thairfoir,  nor  incur  ony  skaith  or  danger  thairthrow 
in  thair  persone,  landis,  or  gudis  in  ony  wyise  in  tyrae  cuming ;  and  ordains,  gif 
neid  beis,  speciale  commissions  to  be  gevin  to  the  saidis  noble  men  and  every  ane 
of  thame  to  the  effect  foirsaid,  to  be  extendit  in  the  maist  ample  forme,  and  the 
Clerkis  of  Chancellerie,  to  direct  out  commissions  under  the  testimonial  of  the  great 

134  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1563-64 

seill  to  every  ane  of  the  noble  men  above  specifiet,  to  the  effect  foirsaid.  And  this 
present  ordinance  sal  be  sufficient  warrand  to  thame  to  pass  the  saidid  commissionis 
upoun,  and  siclyke  ordainis  the  Lord  is  of  Counsale  to  direct  out  lettres  to  charge 
oure  Soverane  Ladies  liegis  to  ryise,  concur  assist  and  gang  fordward  with  the  saidis 
noble  men  in  maner  foirsaid,  for  accomplissing  of  the  premissis  apprehending  or 
expelling  of  the  saidis  rebellis  in  maner  abone  specifiet,  And  that  the  samyn  may  be 
the  mair  suirlie  done,  ordainis  the  saidis  noble  men  and  baronis  to  cause  in  all  the 
partis  foirsaidis,  the  lieges  thairof  be  gadderit  togidder  upoun  the  XX  day  of 
October  nixt  to  cume,  but  forther  delay  ;  and  to  remain  togidder  every  man  within 
his  boundis  limitat  as  is  befoir  specifiet  for  the  space  of  XX  dayis  next  theireafter, 
to  the  effect  that  the  saidis  rebellis  be  expellit  or  apprehendit  in  maner  abone 
mentiantat  as  thai  will  answer  to  the  Quenis  Majestie  thairupoun  ;  and  under  all 
hiest  pane,  charge  and  offence  that  thai,  and  ilkane  of  thame  may  committ  and  inrin 
againis  hir  Majestie  in  that  part." 

"Apud  Edinbrugh,  8  Jan.  1563-64. 

"  (The  preamble  down  to  the  words  '  bring  the  samyn  to  be  inhabitable '  is  the 
same  as  the  last.     The  Proclamation  continuing) 

"The  Quenis  Majestie the  maist  part  of  the  cause  quhairof,  is  that 

in  all  partis  quhair  thai  repair  and  hant,  thai  ar  resett  be  the  inhabitaris  and  induel- 
leris  and  furnissit  with  vittallis  and  uther  necessaris  and  in  sik  wyise  fosterit  and 
nurissit  as  gif  thai  wer  the  Quenis  Majesties  trew  and  faithfull  subjects  and  nevir 
had  committit  cryme  or  offence  in  ony  tyme  bigane ;  quhair  throw  hir  Hieness 
authorite  be  the  saidis  resettoris  and  furnisseris  is  sa  contempnit  that  in  ane  maner 
it  sal  gif  occasioun  to  hir  trew  lieges,  quhilkes  nevir  myndit  to  mak  ony  brek,  to 
becom  manifest  contempnaris,  sornaris,  thevis,  oppressouris  and  rebellis,  thinking 
thairby  to  leif  idillie  and  wicketlie,  and  be  furnist  upoun  uther  trew  mennis  gudis. 

"  For  remeid  quhairof  and  stopping  of  the  saidis  rebellis  to  be  forther  furnissit  be 
the  Quenis  Grace  liegies  in  ony  tyme  cuming  the  Quenis  Hienes  givis,  grantis  and 
committis  hir  full,  fre  and  plane  power  to  hir  lovit  Coline  Campbell  of  Glenurchy, 
to  pass  serche,  &^  (giving  him  a  commission  against  the  resetters  during  hir 
Majesties  gude  will  and  pleasure,  &^" 

The  Earl  of  Atholl  ^  objecting  to  the  rights  of  search  granted  to  Colin 
Campbell  among  his  own  tenants  &%  made  a  protest  of  which  the  follow- 
ing was  the  result: — 

"Apud  Edinburgh,  10,  Jan;  1563-64. 

"In   presence  of  the   Quenis   Majestie  and   Lordis  of  hir  Secreit  Counsale 
comperit  Johne  Erie  of  Atholl,  and  maid  this  offer  underspecifiit,  that  is  to  say, 
1  John  Stewart,  4th  Earl  of  Atholl. 

Earl  of  Atholl's  Protest  against  Glenurchy  1 3  5 

Forasmeikle  as  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  hes  impetrat  ane  commissioun  of 
the  Quenis  Majestic  for  sercheing,  seiking  and  apprehandeing  of  certaine  of  the 
ClanGregour,  and  complices  to  thame,  hir  Graces  Rebellis,  and  at  hir  home,  and 
for  inbringing  of  thame  and  resettaris  of  the  saidis  rebellis  to  the  Justice  to  be 
punist  for  thair  contemptioun  and  inobedience  as  the  said  commissioun  beris ; 
nochtwithstanding  the  quhilk,  the  said  Earl,  in  presence  of  the  Counsale  forsaid, 
obliss  him  to  ansuer  for  all  sik  personis  duelland,  within  his  boundis,  rowmes  and 
possessiojns,  quhilkis  he  sail  gif  in  writ  to  the  said  Lard  of  Glenurquhy,  for  ony 
attemptatis  committit  or  to  be  commitit  be  thame,  conforme  to  the  ordinance  maid 
be  the  Quenis  Grace  and  hir  Secreit  Counsale  thairupoun;  the  Quenis  Majestic 
with  advyse  of  the  saidis  Lordis  hes  thocht  ressonable  that  ane  exemptioun  be 
granted  to  the  said  Erie,  examand  all  and  sindrie  men  tennentis,  fewaris,  servantis, 
vassallis,  and  occupiers  of  quhat  sumevir  landis  and  rowmes  pertaining  to  him.  or 
of  quhome  he  hes  dominioun  and  cure  of,  and  of  quhame  qnd  quhat  landis  he  sail 
accept  the  burding  be  his  said  writing,  to  be  gevin  to  the  said  Lard  of  Glenurquhy, 
that  thai  and  ilk  ane  of  thame,  thair  boundis  landis,  and  possessionis  sal  be  fre  of 
the  said  commissioun,  or  any  part  thairof,  grantit  to  the  said  Lard  of  Glenurquhay ; 
and  to  the  effect  of  the  samyn  sail  na  wyise  strek  upoune  thame  selfis,  thair  bodeis, 
landis,  or  gudis  in  ony  wyise ;  dischargeing  alwayis  the  said  Lard  of  Glenurquhy ; 
and  all  uther  officiaris  or  liegeis  quhatsumevir,  to  attempt  or  presume  ony  thing 
contrair  the  saidis  Erles  landis,  rowmes,  tennentis  and  occupyaris  thairof  quhilkis 
he  sail  gif  in  bill  as  said  is,  thair  gudis  or  geir,  in  ony  wyise  be  vertew  of  the  said 
commissioun,  suspendand  the  effect  thairof,  and  of  thair  offices  in  that  part  be  the 
same  exemptioun." 

With  the  object  of  starving  out  the  dreaded  Clan  another  proclamation 
follows : — 

"For  asmekle  as  eftir  divers  slauchteris  and  utheris  haynous  and  horrible 
crymes  committit  be  Gregor  M'^Gregor  alias  Lard  M'^Gregour  ^  Ewine  M*^Gregour  - 
his  brether,  Duncan  M'^Gregor^  in  Rora  Duncane  M'^Anedoy  M'^Gregor,  Duncan 
Qyg  M''Gregor,5  Patrik  M^'Ane  M^Hollonglas  M'^Colme,*^  Duncane  and  Patrik 
M'^Ane  M.  Hollonglas*'  hes  brether,  Malcolme  Cham  M.  Candoquhy,  Ewine 
M'^Gillehelichy,  Duncane  M'^Gillehellich  his  bruther,  Williame  MTolcholIum, 
Malcolme  and  George   M'^Colchollum  his  sonnis,  and   thair  complices,   to  greit 

1  Gregor  M'^Allaster  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstray,  "Gregor  na'm  Bassan  Gheal." 

^  Ewine,  afterwards  Tutor  of  Glenstray, 

3  Roro. 

^  Duncan  Oig,  probably  "  Laddosoune,"  mentioned  12  Jan.  1562-3,  or  Duncan  Makundoy 

®  Family  of  John  M'^Challum  glas,  son  of  Galium  glas  (pale  faced),  son  of  Duncan — a  branch  of 
Roro,  who  left  Glenlyon  and  settled  at  Learagan-Rannoch. 

136  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor       [1563-64 

nowmer  of  personis ;  that  being  callit  to  underlie  the  law  thairfore,  and  to  find 
cautioun  to  that  effect  in  contempt  of  the  Quenis  Majestie,  hir  authorite  all  ordour 
and  justice,  past  to  the  home,  quhairat  thai  remainit  thir  twa  yeris  bigane  with  the 
mair.  (Proclamation  goes  on  to  complain  that  in  spite  of  the  commissions  and 
other  measures  taken,  the  Clan  are  still  furnished  with  necessaries.)  Thairfore  and 
to  the  effect  that  hir  liegis  may  be  inexecusable  of  sik  furnessing  and  mantenance 
of  hir  rebellis,  hir  Grace  ordinis  lettres  to  be  direct  to  hir  messingeris  in  that  part, 

chargeing  thame  to  pass  to  the  mercat  croces  of  hir  burrois  of  Perth, 

and  utheris  places  neidfuU ;  and  thair  be  open  proclamatonn  in  hir  Hienes  name 
and  autorite,  command  and  charge  all  and  sundrie  hir  liegis,  that  nane  of  thame 
tak  upoun  hand  to  ressave,  ressett,  mantene,  nuriss,  foster,  provide  or  furniss,  the 
saidis  rebellis,  or  thair  complices,  in  house,  meit,  drink,  clething,  armour,  wappyn- 
neis,  counsale  or  uther  wayis ;  &"  (under  pain  of  being  '  punist  with  all  rigour  at 
the  saidis  particular  Justice  Courts  ')." 

"Apud  Perth,  i8die  mensis  Marcii,  1563-64. 

"(after  a  preamble  to  the  same  effect  as  the  preceding  proclamations  this 
continues)  .  .  . 

"  For  remeid  quhairof,  her  Hienes  hes  gevin  and  grantit,  and  be  the  tennour 
heirof  gevis  and  grantis  and  committis  hir  ful  power  generall  and  speciall  command, 
express  bidding,  and  charge  to  hir  traistie  cousingis  and  counsalouris,  Archibale  Erie  of 
Ergyle  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome,  &"  and  Johne,  Erie  of  Atholl  Lord  of  Balveny  &^, 
to  convocat  and  assembill  togidder  all  and  sindry  our  Soverane  Ladies  liegis  dwell- 
and  within  the  boundis  respective  underwritten  that  is  to  say,  the  Erie  of  Ergyle 
within  the  boundis  of  the  Sherefdomes  of  Ergyle,  Tarbert,  Dunbartane,  Bute,  the 
Stewartrie,  Erledom  and  haill  cuntre  of  IMenteith,  the  landis  and  cuntreis  of 
Braidalbyne,  Buchquhidder,  &*^  and  samekill  of  the  Sherefdome  of  Striviling  as 
lyis  be  west  Buchquhan ;  and  the  said  Erie  of  Athole  within  the  boundis  of  Badey- 
noch,  Lochquhabir,  Strathspey,  Strathowin,  Bray  of  Mar,  Strathdone,  Bray  of  Angus, 
and  the  haill  sherefdome  of  Perth  except  Braidalbane,  Buchquhidder,  and  Menteith; 
or  any  part  of  the  saidis  countreis,  sa  oft  and  at  quhatsumevir  place  or  places  as  he 
sail  think  convenient,  and  to  pass  serche  seik,  persew,  and  apprehend  the  saidis 
rebellis  and  malefactouris  quhairevir  thai  can  be  apprehendit  within  the  boundis 
abonewritten  or  farder  as  occasioun  sail  occur,  to  be  brocht  to  the  Justice  or  his 
Deputis  to  be  punist  for  thair  demeritis,  and  falying  thairof  to  persew  thame  untill 
thai  be  expellit  and  put  furth  of  the  saidis  boundis 

"  With  power  alswa  to  the  said  Erie  to  direct,  chargeis,  and  command  mentis, 
to  the  inhabitantis  of  the  cuntreis  abone  written,  or  quhaisumevir  part  or  place 
thairof,  for  convening  with  him  or  sik  personis  as  he  sal  happin  to  depute,  upoun 
sic  warning  and  at  quhatsumevir  place  he  sail  think  expedient,  to  pas  forwart  and 
to  use  the  direction  that  salbe  thocht  maist  convenient  for  resistence  or  persute  of 
the  saidis  rebellis ;  certifeing  the  personis  swa  to  be  warnit  and  chargeit  be  the  said 

Register  of  the  Privy  Council  of  Scotland    137 

Erie  or  thame  havand  his  power,  within  the  saidis  boundis  and  nocht  passand 
forthwart  to  the  frayis,  or  quhen  the  saidis  rebeUis  resortis  in  thair  boundis  and 
schawis  nocht  thair  reddie  service,  and  exact  diUgence  in  thai  behalfis  to  the  con- 
tentation  of  the  said  Erie  or  thame  havand  his  power  as  said  is, — that  thai  salbe 
repute  and  haldin  as  plane  partakeris  and  assistaries  with  the  saidis  rebellis  in  thair 
rebellioun,  and  salbe  callit  and  persewit  thairfore  at  particular  dyeties  and  puneist 
for  the  samyn,  conforme  to  the  lawis  and  consuetude  of  this  realme.  and  forder  gewis 
power  to  the  said  Erie  to  use  and  exerce  all  and  quhatsumevir  uther  thingis  he  sail 
think  expedient  for  furthsetting  of  hir  Majesties  service  and  authorite  in  the  said 
commissionn  and  in  all  thai  doingis  hir  Hieness  promettis  to  hald  hand  to  him  as 
aperentis  hir  of  hir  princelie  honour,  without  ony  contradictioun  or  revocatioun, 
nochtwithstanding  the  generalities  heirof.' " 

On  the  same  day  (i8.  March  1564)  another  order  follows,  after  shortly 
recapitulating  the  commission,  it  continues  : — 

"  Quhilkis  the  saidis  Erlis  can  nocht  weill  and  convenientlie  execut,  without 
thair  actionis,  and  the  actions  of  all  sic  personis  dwelland  within  the  boundis  of 
thair  present  charge,  as  ar  necessar  for  the  present  service  dependand  afoir  the 
Lordis  of  Counsal  Sessioun,  be  continewit,  and  delayit  during  the  tyme  thairof. 
Thair  foir  the  Quenis  Majestie  be  the  avyise  of  the  Lordis  of  hir  Secreit  Counsall 
ordainis  all  actionis  dependand  befoir  the  saidis  Lordis  of  Counsall  and  Sessioun 
pertening  to  the  saidis  Erlis  of  Ergyle  and  Athole  or  to  ony  persoun  or  personis 
dwelland  within  the  boundis  abone  specifiit  respective  quhom  thai  will  testifie  be 
thair  writ  to  the  saidis  Lordis  to  be  necessar  for  thair  service,  and  to  be  actulie 
thairin  and  worthy  of  the  privelege  of  this  act  to  be  continewit,  supersedit,  delayit, 
and  na  proces  to  be  had  thairin  unto  the  XX  day  of  Maii  next  to  come,  discharging 
the  saidis  Lordis  of  all  proceeding  in  ony  of  the  saidis  actionis  in  the  menetyme, 
eftir  the  sycht  of  ather  of  the  saidis  Erlis  writtingis  to  be  direct  to  thame,  testifeand 
of  the  actioun  and  persoun  in  quhais  favouris  thai  wryte." 

In  consequence  of  the  complaints  made  against  Sir  Colin  for  the 
manner  in  which  his  commission  was  executed  amongst  those  who  he 
was  supposed  to  be  protecting  from  the  MacGregors,  the  following  band 
was  required  : — 

"Apud  Perth  XXIJ  March  1563-64.  The  quhilk  day  in  presence  of  the 
Lordis  of  Secreit  Counsall,  compeirit  Cohn  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy,  and  band 
and  oblist  him  for  himself  his  kin,  friends,  assistaris,  and  partakaris  passand 
with  him,  or  in  his  name  and  behalf,  for  persewt  of  the  Clangregor  and  utheris,  the 
Quenis  Majesties  rebellis,  that  thai  nor  nane  of  thame  sould  some  or  oppress  our 


138  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Soverane  Ladiis  liegis  dwelland  within  the  boundis  of  Stratherne,  or  ony  utheris 
partis  of  this  realme,  be  ony  maner  of  sort  in  bodiis  or  gudis  in  tyme  cuming.  And 
in  caise  complaint  beis  made  heireftir  to  the  Quenis  Majestic  and  hir  Counsall 
upoun  his  saidis  kin  friendis,  assistaris  and  partakeris,  in  that  caise  he  sail  entir  the 
persoun  or  personis  complenit  upoun  befoir  the  Justice  or  his  Deputtis  at  ane 
convenient  day  and  place  to  be  appointit  thair  to,  to  undirly  the  law  for  the 
crymes,  sornyngis,  oppressionis,  and  offencis  to  the  Quenis  Majestie  upoun  his  lyff 
and  heretage.  contenit  in  the  complaint,  and  failying  thairof,  sail  ansuer  himself  for 
the  samyn. 

"The  quhilk  day  anent  the  complaint  presented  to  the  saidis  Lordis  of 
Secreit  Counsall  be  the  Lordis,  Baronis,  landtsmen,  gentilmen  and  inhabitantis  of 
Stratherne,  desyrand  the  commissioun  gevin  and  grantit  be  our  Soverane  Lady  to 
Colene  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  anent  the  sercheing  and  seking  of  the  Quenis 
Majesties  rebeUis  of  the  surname  of  the  Clangregour,  and  thair  complices,  and 
towart  the  arresting  and  inventure  making  of  thair  gudis,  to  be  dischairgeit  at 
the  leist  safer  as  the  samyn  can  or  may  be  extendit  towart  the  inhabitantis  of 
Stratherne,  as  the  said  complaint  mair  fullelie  proportis  :  The  Lordis  of  Secreit 
Counsall  in  respect  of  thai  ressonis,  quhilk  wer  exponit  aganis  the  samyn  be  the 
said  Coleine  and  for  utheris  wechty  causis  and  considerationis  moving  thame  selffis, 
decernis  the  said  commissioun  to  haif  effect  and  strenth  in  tyme  cuming  and  na 
wyise  to  be  dischargeit,  unto  the  finall  repressing  of  the  rebellion  of  the  saidis 
rebellis.  Nevirtheless  during  the  tyme  of  the  persute  of  thame  be  the  Erlis  of 
Ergyle  and  Athole  quhome  to  the  Quenis  majestie  hes  grantit  commissioun  to 
that  effect,  the  said  Colene  sail  use  his  said  commissioun,  bot  onelie  upoun  thau 
personis  in  quhais  houssis  he  actualie  findis  the  saidis  rebellis,  or  quhairfra  thai  ar 
instantlie  for  the  tyme  departit  in  the  sycht  of  him,  or  of  thame  berand  his  power ; 
and  as  for  the  utheris  personis  resettaris,  supplearis,  or  intercommunaris  with  the 
saidis  rebellis,  delatit  or  suspectit,  yea  althocht  the  deed  be  notour  and  certane  to 
the  said  Colene  swa  that  ony  space  pas  owir  betwix  the  time  or  the  resorting  of  the 
saidis  rebellis  in  thai  partis  and  the  cuming  of  the  said  Coline,  or  thame  havand  his 
power  to  the  same, — in  that  cais  the  said  Colene  sail  temperat  the  extremitie  of  his 
said  commissioun  notand  onelie  the  personis  resettaris,  and  sal  use  na  forder 
executioun  upoun  thame  unto  the  tyme  he  notifie  the  mater  to  the  Quenis 
Majestie  &  counsall  &  ressave  new  and  speciall  direction  of  thame  in  that 
behalf.  &a." 

Soon  after  the  arrival  of  the  Macdonalds  of  Keppoch  in  Rannoch,  they 
began  to  rebuild  the  dismantled  fort  or  castle  of  the  Isle  of  Loch  Rannoch, 
which  by  order  of  James  V.  had  been  demolished,  the  aim  being  to  drive 
the  MacGregors  from  the  lands  of  Rannoch,  and  hold  their  goods  under 

1564]  Letter  from  Queen   Mary  139 

Glenurchy's  warrant.      The   Queen    kindly   interfered   in    favour   of  the 
persecuted  MacGregors. 

Letter  from  Queen  Mary  to  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurchy,  in  reference 
to  the  MacGregors  of  Rannoch,  &a.,  dated  at  Glentilt,  in  Atholl : — 

"  3rd  August  1564. — Traist  freind  we  greit  yow  wale.  We  remember  we  disponit 
to  yow  the  escheitis  of  certaine  personis  of  the  Clangregour,  duelland  in  the  Ran- 
noch, and  be  that  way  sute  ye  the  entries  to  thair  stedingis ;  and  we  ar  informit 
that  ye  have  plasit  Makrannald  in  the  sam  yn  rowmes  quhairof  the  heretage  pertenis 
to  James  Meingeis  the  Laird  of  Weym,  and  thairof  Mackgregour  had  neuir  takkis 
of  him.  We  are  suirlie  informit  that  the  said  Makrannald  is  alreddy  to  big  ane  hous 
and  strenth  within  the  He  of  Loch  Rannoch,  and  to  laubour  the  grind  of  the  lands 
adicentpquhilk  hous  was  castin  doun  and  distroyit  at  command  of  our  fader  of  guid 
memory,  as  yourself  hes  dlaithe  done  sen  syne.  And  sen  it  hes  allwayis  bene  a 
receptacle  and  refuge  to  offendouris  we  waitt  nocht  to,  quhat  effect  the  biging  of  it 
or  any  streth  in  the  Heland  suld  serve  without  our  speciall  command  and  that  the 
causis  wer  of  befoir  considerit  be  ws  and  oir  counsale.  For  to  output  the  Clan- 
Gregour  and  impute  vther  brokun  men  of  the  like  condition,  alwwayis  sic  as  of  any 
continewance  werwer  neuir  permanent  in  our  obedienc  we  jugeit  nocht  mete  nor 
expedient  to  be  done.  And  thairfoir,  our  pledour  is  that  ye  causs  the  werk  begun 
in  the  He  within  the  said  loch  to  ceiss ;  and  not  that  onlie,  bot  all  vther  innouatioun 
quhairof  your  nychbouris  may  justelie  complene,  especiallie  the  inbringing  of  strang- 
eris  of  vther  clannis  and  cuntres.  Bot  lat  all  thingis  rest  without  alteratioun  our 
returning,  and  than  mete  was  other  at  Sanct  Johnstoun  or  Dunde,  as  ye  heir  of  our 
dyett,  quhair  we  sail  tak  sik  ordour  in  this  behalf  as  apertenis  to  your  ressonable 
contantamemt.  Subscriuit  with  our  hand,  at  the  Luncartis  in  Glentilth,  the  third 
day  of  August  1564. 

"  Marie  R." 

— Contemporary  Official  Copy  in  Charter  Room  of  Castle  Menzies.^ 

"  Complaint  before  the  Lords  of  Council — '  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  against  Campbell 
of  Glenurchy  and  M'^Rannald  of  Keppoch  for  wrongous  intrusion  on  his  isle  in 
Loch  Rannoch  and  its  fortification,  parties  cited,  and  charged  to  remove  from  the 
isle,  unless  cause  be  showen  for  possession.  Fortification  and  placing  of  broken 
men  and  Highlanders  therein  prohibited.' 

"  James  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  recovers  the  isle  of  Loch  Rannoch,  seized  from  him 
at  Edinburgh,  19th  October  1564. 

"  Coline  Campbell  charged  '  to  compeir  befoir  the  Quenis  Majestic  and  thair 

Lordschipis  at  Edinburgh '  on  2nd  Nov.  '  to  heir  him  be  decernit  to  remove  himself, 

the  said  Rannald  M'^Rannald,  and  all  utheris,  his  partakaris,  and  servandis,  furth  of 

the  said  He  in  the  said  Loch  Rannoch,  and  deliuer  the  samyn  to  the  said  James 

1  "Red  and  White  Book." 

140  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1564 

Menzies  to  be  usit  be  him  at  his  plesour  thairefter  as  his  heretage.'" — Record  of 

Privy  Council. 

"  1564  July  9.  Contract  of  manrent  and  protection  between  Archibald  Earl  of 
Ergyle,  Colyne  Campbell  of  Boquhane  Knight,  Dugall  Campbell  of  Auchyn- 
brek,  James  Campbell  of  Ardinglass,  John  Campbell  of  Lochynell,  Ewir 
Campbell  of  Ardgartney,  Colyne  Campbell  Barbrek  Johne  Campbell  of 
Inuerlevir,  on  the  one  part  and  Colyne  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  on  the 
other  part,  against  all  persons  and  specially  against  Gregour  AFGregour  son 
to  the  deceased  Alexander  AFGregour  of  Glenstray  his  accomplices  and  assist- 
ants, now  being  our  Sovereign  Lady's  rebels  and  at  her  Grace's  horn  for 
suppressing  and  daunting  of  their  uproarious  and  tyrannical  attempts,  and 
pursuing  them  with  all  rigour  so  long  as  they  remain  rebels  to  the  Queen 
and  enemies  to  the  said  Colyne  and  his  heirs.  &a  Subscribed  by  the  saids 
parties  at  Inueraray," 
"1564.  Sep'''"'-  29.  Summons  in  the  name  of  Queen  Mary  and  under  the 
signet  at  Edinburgh  on  the  narrative  that  a  complaint  had  been  made  by 
James  Menzies  of  that  Ilk,  and  that  whereas  he  had  the  lands  of  Rannoch 
and  forest  thereof  in  few  farm  heritably ;  and  because  Coline  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhay,  and  Ranald  INFRanald  M'^Conilglas,  under  pretext  of  a  gift  of 
escheat  to  the  said  Colin  of  the  goods  of  the  Laird  M'^Grigor  the  Queen's 
rebel,  and  at  the  horn  had  intruded  themselves  wrongously  in  the  Isle  of 
Lochrannoch,  and  the  said  James's  lands  of  Rannoch  '  be-est  the  vatter  of 
Erachtie '  and  were  bigging  and  fortifying  the  said  isle  to  the  trouble  of  the 
whole  country ;  the  said  Ranald  and  his  complices  being  of  the  Clanrannald 
and  Clan  Chameroun  and  '  utheris  of  the  maist  broken  clanns  within  oure 
realm.'  That  the  said  James  Meingeis  had  complained  of  this  to  the  Queen 
at  her  late  being  in  Atholle  in  the  '  Lunkairtis ' ;  where  being  in  her  progress 
she  could  not  take  order  fors  reformation  thereof,  but  wTOte  to  the  said 
Coline  to  cease  from  building  in  the  said  isle,  and  bringing  in  of  strangers 
of  other  clans  and  countries,  and  to  meet  the  Queen  on  her  return,  either 
at  St.  Johnstoun  or  Dundie  where  she  would  take  such  order  as  might 
appertain  to  his  reasonable  contentment ;  nevertheless,  they  had  still 
continued  to  fortify  the  said  isle ;  and  that  when  the  Queen  had  given  the 
said  Coline,  gratis  the  gift  of  the  escheat,  it  was  for  the  expulsion  of  the 
ClanGregour  and  not  under  pretence  of  it  to  fortifie  the  said  isle,  which 
strenth  had  been  demolished  in  her  father's  time,  and  again  at  her  command 
by  the  said  Coline ;  nor  had  ever  command  been  given  to  repair  it,  or 
occupy  the  said  James  Meingeis  lands,  to  which  the  Clangregour  had  no 
right ;  far  less  would  it  be  allowed  to  place  in  the  same  James's  lands  the 
Clanrannald  and  Clan  Chameroun,  who  if  once  permitted  to  get  possession, 
would  ever  claim  kindness  thereto :    That  the  said  Coline  had  met  the 

1566]      Another  Letter  by  Queen   Mary       141 

Queen  at  her  home-coming  at  Perth,  and  was  commanded  by  our  brother 
James,  Earl  of  Murray,  to  come  to  Edinburgh  to  answer  the  said  complaint 
which  he  had  failed  to  do.  Summoning  the  said  Coline,  therefore,  to 
appear  before  the  Queen  and  the  Lords  of  her  Council  within  lo  days 
after  warning." — Contemporary  Copy  in  Castle  Menzies  Charter  Room  Red 
and  White  Book. 

"  1564.  Nov.  3.     Weyme  contra  Glenurquhay — 

"The  which  day  anent  our  Sovereign  Ladies  Letters  purchased  by 
James  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  Against  Coline  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  for  the 
wrongous  intrusion  of  himself  and  of  Rannald  M'^Conilglas  of  Keppach  and 
others  in  his  name  in  the  Isle  within  the  Loch  Rannoch  pertaining  heritably 
to  the  said  James,  and  fortification  thereof  since  the  Queen's  Majesty's 
inhibition  made  to  the  contrary.  Delayed  till  25.  Nov.  Defender  to 
summon  witnesses  to  prove  his  exception." — Record  of  Secret  Council 

"  1566.  Letter  from  Queen  Mary  to  the  Laird  of  Weym  relative  to  the  Clan- 
Gregour  in  Rannoch — 

"1566.  August  31st.  dated  at  Drymen.  Traist  Freind,  we  greit  yow  weill. 
We  vnderstand  that  diuerss  personis  of  the  Clangregour  occupiit  and 
inhabit  your  landis  of  the  Rannoch,  fra  the  quhilk  thay  wer  eiectit  the 
tyme  of  thair  rebellioun.  Now  as  ye  knaw,  we  have  ressauet  thame  in  our 
peax,  and  sen  thai  can  not  leif  without  sum  rowmes  and  possesionis,  we 
pray  and  effectuuslie  desire  yow  to  permitt  thaim  to  occupie  and  manure 
the  same  landis  and  stedingis  quhilkis  thai  had  and  broukit  of  you  of 
before,  and  mak  thame  ressonable  takkis  thairvpoun  for  payment  of  males 
and  dewiteis,  vsit  and  wont  as  ye  will  do  ws  thankful!  plesour. — And 
further,  quhair  as  ye  may  feir  to  be  constrenit  to  ansuer  for  the  saidis 
personis  and  thair  doyingis,  as  duelland  vpoun  your  land,  be  vertew  of  the 
generall  band,  we  be  thair  presentis,  exoneris,  relevis,  and  dischargis  yow  of 
your  said  band  in  that  behalf,  sa  fer  as  the  samyn  may  extend  towert  ony 
personis  of  the  said  Clangregour  or  otheris  imputt  in  your  landis  be  thame ; 
and  will  and  grantis  that  ye  sail  na  wis  be  callit,  accusit,  or  in  ony  wys 
persewit  thairfoir,  nochtwithstanding  the  said  generall  band  thairfoir,  or  ony 
clause  thairin  contenit  or  vther  lawis  or  ordinances  quhatsumevir,  anent  the 
quhilkis  we  dispens  be  thir  presentis.  Gevin  vnder  our  signet  and  subscriuit 
with  our  hand  at  Drymen,  the  last  day  of  August  1566. 

"  To  our  Traist  Freynd  the  Laird  of  Weym. 

"Marie  R." 

— From  the  Castle  Menzies  Charter  Room. 

Chapter  XIII 
James  MacGregor,  Dean  of  Lismore  and  Family 

T7ROM  Obituary:— 

"  1564.  7th  Dec  :  Patrick  ^rAyn  V^Couill  VAyn  slain  by  James  IVrGestalcar 
at  Ardewynnek  and  buried  at  Inchaddin  in  the  tomb  of  his  Fathers. 

"1565.  June  nth.  Slaughter  of  Gregor  son  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore  alias 
M'^Gregor  and  Robert  ^FConil  V^Gregor  viz  in  the  afternoon  of  the  Penti- 
cost  and  the  house  was  burnt  and  they  slain  by  James  M'^Gestalker  with  his 
accomplices  and  buried  in  their  grave  in  the  Choir  of  Inchadin  (Kenmore). 
A  just  God  judges  hidden  things  and  punishes  those  who  do  them  in  the 
third  and  fourth  generation. 

"  ^565-  July  27.  James  M'^Gestalcar  V^Phatrik  and  his  accomplices  were  slain 
by  Gregor  M'^Gregor  of  Stronmelocan  with  his  soldiers  at  Ardowenec.  They 
were  wicked  and  oppressors  of  the  poor  and  the  said  malefactors  could  not 
be  suffered  to  live  upon  the  earth. 

"  1565.  Item  ane  gud  symmer  and  harist  viz  sexte  fyv  yeris — gret  hayrschippis 
in  mony  partis  of  Scotland,  in  Stratherne,  in  lennox  in  Glenalmond,  in 
Breadalbane  bayth  slattyr  and  oppressyon  beand  mayd  in  syndry  vdr  partis 
be  the  Erl  of  Ergill  and  M'^Gregor  and  ther  complesis.  Siclyk  in  Strathar- 
dill  mony  men  slain  be  the  men  of  Atholl  and  the  Stuartis  of  Lorn." 

The  following  passages  are  taken  from  the  introduction  by  William 
Skene,  Esq.,  to  "The  Dean  of  Lismore's  Book,"  a  selection  of  ancient 
gaelic  poetry : — 

"  In  the  latter  part  of  the  fifteenth  and  beginning  of  the  sixteenth  centuries, 
there  dwelt  here,  the  village  of  Fortingall,  a  family  of  the  name  of  Macgregor. 
They  were  descended  from  a  vicar  of  Fortingall,  who,  at  the  time  when,  during  the 
century  preceding  the  Reformation,  the  Catholic  Church  was  breaking  up,  and  their 
benefices  passing  into  the  hands  of  laymen,  secured  for  himself  and  his  descendants 
the  vicarage  of  Fortingall  and  a  lease  of  the  Church  Lands. 

"Of  the  history  of  this  family  we  know  something  from  an  obituary  commenced 
by  one  of  his  descendants,  and  continued  to  the  year  1579,  by  the  Curate  of  Fort- 
ingall (Fothergill)  which  is  still  preserved. 

Dean  of  Lismore  143 

"  His  son  (whether  legitimate  or  illegitimate  we  know  not),  was  Ian  Rewych,  or 
John  the  Grizzled,  termed  Makgewykar  or  son  of  the  Vicar.^ 

"  His  Grandson  was  Dougall  Maol,  or  Dougall  the  Bald  or  Tonsured  called 
patronymically  Dougall  Johnson,  or  the  son  of  John.  This  Dougall  Johnson 
appears  in  151 1  as  a  notary  public,  and  dwelt  at  TullichmuUin,  where  his  wife 
Katherine,  daughter  of  Donald  M'^Clawe,  alias  Grant,  died  in  151 2.  He  is  twice 
mentioned  in  the  '  Obituary  or  Chronicle  of  Fortingall';  in  1526,  as  repairing  the 
cross  in  Inchadin,  or  the  old  Church  of  Kenmore,  situated  on  the  north  bank  of 
the  river  Tay,  nearly  opposite  Taymouth  Castle;  and  in  1529,  as  placing  a  stone 
cross  in  Larkmonemerkyth,  the  name  of  a  pass  among  the  hills  which  leads  from 
Inchadin  to  the  south. 

"  Of  Dougall  the  Bald,  the  son  of  John  the  Grizzled,  we  have  no  farther 
mention  ;  but  of  his  family  we  know  of  two  sons,  James  and  Duncan.^ 

"  James  was  a  churchman.  He  appears  as  a  notary-public,  an  ofifice  then  held 
by  ecclesiastics,  along  with  his  father,  in  the  year  15 11,  and  he  early  attained  to 
honour  and  influence,  through  what  channel  is  unknown  ;  for  in  15 14,  we  find  him 
as  Dean  of  Lismore,  an  island  in  Argyllshire,  lying  between  the  districts  of  Lorn 
and  Morven,  which  was  at  that  time  the  episcopal  seat  of  the  Bishops  of  Argyll. 
He  was  besides  Vicar  of  Fortingall  and  Firmarius  or  tenant  of  the  church  lands ; 
and  died  possessed  of  those  benefices  in  the  year  1551,  and  was  buried  in  the  choir 
of  the  old  church  of  Inchadin. 

"In  1557,  a  year  after  his  death,  Gregor  Macgregor,  son  of  the  deceased  Sir 
James  Macgregor,  Dean  of  Lismore,  as  became  the  head  of  a  small,  but  independent 
sept  of  the  MacGregors,  and  with  a  due  regard  to  its  safety,  bound  himself  to  Colin 
Campbell  of  Glenurchy  and  his  heirs,  '  taking  him  for  his  chief  in  place  of  the  Laird 
of  MacGregor,'  and  giving  him  his  calp. 

"  In  1557  Gregor  and  Dougall  MacGregors,  natural  sons  of  Sir  James  Macgregor, 
receive  letters  of  legitimation;  and  in  1574  Dougall  MacGregor  appears  as  Clian- 
cellor  of  Lismore. 

"It  is  unnecessary  for  our  purpose  to  follow  the  history  of  this  family  any 
further ;  suffice  it  to  say,  that  the  two  brothers  James  and  Duncan,  members  of  a 
Clan  which  though  under  the  ban  of  the  Government  and  exposed  to  the  grasping 
aggression  of  their  powerful  neighbours,  the  Campbells  of  Glenurchy,  considered 
themselves  as  peculiarly  Highland,  and  had  high  pretensions  as  descended  from  the 
old  Celtic  monarchs  of  Scotland — connected  with  the  church,  and  as  such  possessing 
some  cultivation  of  mind  and  such  literary  taste  as  Churchmen  at  that  time  had, 
yet  born  and  reared  in  the  farm  house  of  TullichmuUin,  in  the  secluded  vale  of 

^  1542,  Dec.  Death  of  Katherine  Neyn  Ayn  Neill,  wife  of  Ian  Rewych  Makgewykar,  in 
Achlie  (Auchline). 

^  Duncan  M'^Cowle  veil  vie  Eoyne  Rewych, 

144  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Fortingall,  and  imbued  with  that  love  for  old  Highland  story  and  cherished 
fondness  for  Highland  song,  which  manifests  itself  so  much  in  many  a  quiet 
country  Highlander,  and  which  the  scenery  and  associations  around  them  were  so 
well  calculated  to  foster — the  one  from  his  high  position  in  the  Church  of  Argyll, 
having  peculiar  facilities  for  collecting  the  poetry  current  in  the  West  Highlands — 
the  other  though  his  brother,  yet  as  was  not  uncommon  in  those  days,  his  servitor 
or  amanuensis,  and  himself  a  poet — and  both  natives  of  the  Perthshire  Highlands 
— collected  and  transcribed  into  a  commonplace  book,  gaelic  poetry  obtained  from 
all  quarters.^ 

"  This  collection  has  fortunately  been  preserved.  It  is,  unquestionably,  a 
native  compilation  made  in  the  central  Highlands,  upwards  of  three  hundred 
years  ago." 

"1564.  April  25.  at  Edinburgh.  Edward  Reidheugh  of  Cultebragane  became 
surety  for  Patrik  Duncansoun  in  Glenlednoch  Patrik  Johnsoun  ^rOregour 
there  and  Patrik  his  brother  That  thai  and  ilk  ane  of  thame  sail  enter  thair 
persones  in  ward  within  the  Burgh  of  Perth. 

"May  25.  at  Edinburgh  Archibald  Naper  of  Merchainstoun  became  plege  and 
souertye  for  the  entrie  of  Neill  M^Gregour  M'^invalycht  in  TuUichchannane 
within  the  lordschip  of  Dessoyer  ^  and  Toveir." — Record  of  Justiciary. 

The  following  is  the  text  of  a  warrant  given  by  Queen  Mary  to  the 
avengers  of  the  murder  of  the  son  of  the  Dean  of  Lismore,  which  had 
occurred  on  the  2nd  June  1565  : — 

"  1565.  June.  The  Quenis  Majestic  understanding  that  Patrick  dounk- 
anesoun,^  James  M'^Gregour,*  Malcallum  Croy  M'^Gregour  Pitteny,^  John 
Cam  M'^Condoquhy  V^Gregor  in  Fortingill,^  Malcum  M'^Gregour  in  Drum- 
quharrycht,'''  Patrik  Johnsoun  M'^gregour  in  Glenleidnocht  (Innerzaldie),^ 
Patrik  his  breder,^  John  M'^Condoquhy  M'^gregour  thair,^  John  dun- 
cansoun his  broder,9  and  Neil  M'^Ane  wallicht  in  TuUyctcannan  1*^  ar  under 
souerities   actid   in   the   buikis   of  Secrete   Counsell   and  adwurnale   for   keping 

1  Such  of  these  poems  as  relate  to  MacGregors  are  given  in  Chapter  VII. 

"  Discher  or  Deasaidh  and  Toir  or  Tuagh— side  facing  Leven  and  side  facing  north  respectively, 
of  Loch  Tay. 

^  In  Glenleidnoch.— See  25th  April  1564,  page  92. 

*—'—"— Not  yet  identified. 

^  The  place  is  near  Aberfeldy. 

^  Also  mentioned  page  92, 

^  These  sons  of  Duncan  were  also  in  Glenleidnoch. 

^"  Neil,  son  of  John  M'^Invallycht— but  on  25th  April  1264  he  is  styled  son  of  Gregor. 

1565]  Letters  of  Fire  and  Sword  145 

of  gude  rewle  and  entering  agane  in  certain  wardis  as  thai  salbe  requirit  as  the  actis 
maid  thairupoun  at  lenth  beris  And  now  laitlie  umquhile  gregour  Denesoun  in  Stwix 
ane  peciabill  trew  man  quha  witht  the  personis  abune  written  wes  under  souertie,  is 
cruellie  murtherit  be  certane  rebellis  for  persequwtioun  of  quhome  nane  ar  mair 
mete  nor  the  above  namit  personis  having  thair  neir  kinsman  slane,  quhilkis  dar 
nocht  put  on  armes  and  persew  the  tressonabill  murthuraris  of  the  said  umqle 
Gregour  be  reason  of  thair  souerties  standand  undischargit.  And  thairfoir  the 
Quinis  Matie  ordanis  the  Justice  Clerk  and  his  deputis  and  the  Secretar  and 
his  deputis  Keparis  of  the  buikis  of  Secret  Counsale  to  deleit  and  put  forth 
all  actis  furth  of  the  saidis  buikis  or  uther  of  thame  be  the  quhilkis  the  foir- 
saidis  personis  or  thair  souerties  ar  in  ony  wyss  restrictit,  for  hir  hieness  having 
sa  gude  experience  of  thair  gude  behaviour  the  tyme,  thinkis  nocht  expedient 
to  retene  thame  langer  under  the  Band  of  Caution.  Kepand  ther  presentis  for 
thair  warrant  signed  Marie  R." — Taken  from  the  original  in  the  Books  of  Adjournal 
and  copied  into  the  "  Chartulary." 

This  Deed,  relieving  the  relations  from  their  obligation  to  keep  the 
peace  and  thus  authorising  them  to  pursue  the  murderers,  is  very  remark- 
able, and  is  specially  noticed  by  Mr  Donald  Gregory  in  his  "Historical 
Sketch."  1  The  retribution  on  the  culprits  was  formally  carried  out  by  the 
acting  Chief  himself,  in  the  month  of  July,  as  recorded  on  the  previous  page. 

About  the  same  time,  how^ever,  the  following  Letter  of  Fire  and  Sword 
was  issued  against  the  ClanGregor  by  the  Earl  of  Argyll : — 

"At  Dunstafnis  the  i6.  day  of  June  1565.  my  Lorde  Erie  of  Ergyle  with  awyis 
(advice)  of  his  kin,  and  friends  present  for  the  tyme,  commandis  that  all  and  sindrie 
his  subjectis,  barrones,  gentillmen,  and  tennentis,  within  his  boundais,  in  cais  the 
Clangregour  now  being  the  Quenis  rebellis  and  enemies  to  the  hous  of  Glenurquhay 
resort  to  thair  boundis  Sail  with  ane  woce  concur  togidder  and  rais  the  schoutt 
aganis  thame,  and  persew  thaim  with  bayth  sword  and  fyre  to  ther  destructioun,  and 
givis  full  commissione  to  every  man  within  our  boundis  to  tak  and  apprehend  the 
said  Clangregour  quhairever  they  may  be  gotten,  and  the  takeris  therof  to  have  their 
escheit  to  their  awin  behuif,  certifeing  quhaevir  contravenis  this  act  or  favouris  or 
concelis  the  said  Clangregour  in  ony  sort  that  we  sail  persew  thaim  be  extremite  of 
law  according  to  our  former  act  maid  theranent. 

"And  in  cais  the  said  Clangregour  gett  ony  refuge  or  fortificatioune  of  ony 
utheris  our  nychtbouris  or  cuntremen  ewis  us,  we  promise  to  tak  plane  pert  with 
the  said  Lard  of  Glenurquhay  in  persute  of  thame  and  their  fortifearis  according  to 
equitie  with  our  haill  force  and  poeer," 

1  See  Chapter  XIV. 

146  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor       [1555-56 

Glenurquhay,  in  the  ground  of  great  abuses  committed  by  him  in  the 
face  of  his  Bond,  was  later  deprived  of  his  commission  to  search  out  the 
Resetters  of  the  ClanGregor. 

Henry  and  Mary— Discharge  of  Glenurchy's  Commission. 

"  1565.  August  25.  The  King  and  Quenis  Majesties  understanding  that  thair 
was  ane  commissioun  gevin  be  hir  Hienes  of  befoir  to  Colene  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhy,  Gevand  and  committand  to  him  full  power  to  pas  serche  and 
seik  all  maner  of  personis  duelland  in  quhatsumevir  partis  or  places  of  this 
realme  quhilkis  in  ony  time  sould  happin  to  resset  ony  rebellis  and  surname 
of  ClanGregour  or  thair  complices  or  to  furneis  thame  oppinlie,  quietlie  or 
be  quhatsumevir  uther  cuUour,  meit  drink  cleythis,  armour  or  utheris 
necessaries  and  to  apprehend  and  tak  thame  and  send  thame  to  the  Justice 
or  his  deputtis  to  underly  the  law  thairfoir  as  the  said  commissioun  of  the 
dait  at  Edinburgh  the  8.  day  of  Jan.  1563  mair  fuUelie  proportis.  Quhilk 
Commissioun  the  said  Colene  hes  not  onelie  alluterlie  (utterly)  abusit  Bot 
alsua  under  cuUour  thairof  hes  be  himself  and  uther  evill  personis  his 
complices,  in  his  name  of  his  causing  command,  assistance  and  ratihabitioun  ; 
(confirmation)  committit.  sensyne  diverss  and  sindrie  sorningis,  oppressionis, 
heirschippis,  spulzies,  yea  and  crewall  slauchteris  upoun  diverss  oure  saidis 
soveranis  liegis  not  being  rebellis,  and  thair  throw  the  said  commissioun  is 
worthie  to  be  dischargeit  and  annuUit.  Quhairfoir  oure  saidis  Soveranis  be 
thir  presentis  casses  (breks,  make  void)  annullis  and  dischargeis  the  said 
commissioun  and  all  points  thereof  and  discernis  the  samyn  to  expyre  and 
have  no  forder  strenth  in  tyme  cuming  for  the  causes  foirsaid ;  and  ordainis 
letteris  to  be  direct  heirupoun  to  mak  publicatioun  heirof  in  forme  as  efferis, 
sua  that  nane  of  thair  graces  liegis  pretend  ignorance  herein." — Record  of 
Secret  Council,  Acta,  quoted  in  "  Chartulary." 

Complaint  against  the  Macgregors  by  the  tenants  in  Menteith : — 

"  i5S5'6-  Jan.  17.  Anent  the  Complaint  presented  by  Andro  Schaw  of 
Knockhill,  Will.  Schaw  his  sone  and  apperand  heir,  James  Edmonstoune 
of  Ballintone,  James  Balfour  of  Boghall,  James  Balfour  of  ]\rCanestoun, 
Archibald  Edmonstoune,  Agnes  Schaw  relict  of  umquhile  Alex.  Schaw  of 
Cambusmoir,  and  divers  others  their  Majesty's  tenants  and  feuars  of  their 
proper  lands  of  Menteith  are  utterly  harried,  wasted,  and  destroyed  by  the 
ClanGregour  and  other  evil  doers  And  in  special  the  lands  belonging  to  the 
complainers  foresaid  where  through  they  are  unable  and  may  not  pay  the 

1569]  Chartulary   1 555  to   1569  147 

feu  mails  thereof  until  the  time  the  said  lands  be  occupied,  laboured,  and 
manured  by  tenants  as  they  were  of  before,  Requiring  therefore  command 
to  be  given  to  the  comptroller  and  Chamberlains  to  desist  and  cease  from 
all  craving  and  uptaking  of  the  mails  of  the  said  waste  lands." — Record  of 
Secret  Council  Acta. 
"1555-6.  March  21.  Remission  to  Earl  of  Argyle  and  others  for  aiding  the 
Duke  of  Chastelherault  ....  One  of  the  others  mentioned  is  'Gregor 
M'^Gregor  of  Glenstrae.' " — Record  of  Privy  Seal. 

Chastelherault's  insurrection  to  oppose  the  kingly  dignity  of  the 
Queen's  husband  being  conferred  by  Royal  Proclamation,  instead  of  by 
Act  of  Parliament,  took  place  in  Sep.  1565. 

From  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1566  June  17.     Precept  of  Remission  to  John  Murray  and  Andrew  Murray 
for  aiding  the  ClanGregour  in  their  murderous  homicides  &a. 

"August  31.  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  on  account  of  the  lawless  and  inde- 
pendant  spirit  of  the  ClanGregor  in  Rannoch  as  by  him  pleaded,  obtained 
an  exemption  from  answering  for  these  under  the  Seal  and  subscription  of 
Queen  Mary." — Record  of  Secret  Council. 

Contract  between  the  Earl  of  Atholl  and  Glenurquhay  and  their 
friends  : — 

"1569  May  6.  At  Ballocht.  Thairfoir  to  be  bundin  that  thai  sail  tak  plane, 
leill  and  trew  and  afald  part  in  persewing  invading  and  suppressing  of  all 
sik  wickit  and  ewill  personis  and  specialie  the  Clangregour  quhay  daylie  usis 
thame  selffis  maist  horribillie  in  the  forsaidis  crymes  intolerabill  to  the  leigis 
of  thir  boundis  next  Hand  unto  thame  and  that  nether  ane  of  the  saidis 
parties  sail  appoint  in  ony  of  the  said  ClanGregour  in  ony  tyme  cuming  by 
the  avis  of  utheris  ay  and  quhill  thai  be  brocht  under  obediens  to  our 
Souerane  Lord,  or  ellis  bannisit  the  realme  or  wrekit  within  the  samyn, 
"1569  Sep.  8.  Gift  to  Alexander  Stewart  of  Pitarreg  of  the  Escheit  of  .  . 
Malcum  beg  M'^ferlane 

Duncan  Abbrache  MacGregour^ 
Gregour  Gar  M'^Gregour  his  bruthir^ 
,  Patrik  M'^Gregour  his  bruthir  alsua  ^ 
Gregour  M^Gregour  of  Glenschra  ^ 

^  The  three  sons  of  Gregor,  eldest  son  of  Duncan  Laddosach,  the  last  of  these  being  usually 
known  as  Patrick  Adholach  or  Auloch,  i.e.^  brought  up  in  Atholl  as  was  Duncan  in  Lochaber, 
-  Glenstray. 

148  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Malcum  Makcoulkeyr  zoungar  alias  M'^Gregouri 

Gregour  M'^Coulkeir^ 

John  MToulkeir  his  brethir^ 

Duncan  Macphatrik  voir^ 

Allaster  M'^Robert  voir  alias  M'^Gregour  in  Strath yre^ 

Duncan  oig  ArGregour  Ardchallic* 

Duncan  IVFGregour  VNeill 

James  M'^Gregour  Makkillip  in  Kallyn 

Robert  Moyr  V^Caster  (Vicalaster)  alias  ^rGregour. 
now  pertaining  to  oure  Souerane  Lord  be  ressoun  of  escheit  throw  being  of 
the  said  personis  ordourlie  denuncit  his  Majesteis  Rebellis  and  at  the  home 
for  art  and  part  of  the  slauchter  of  umquhile  Hew  Stewart  and  John  Stewart 
his  brother  committit  in  the  Landis  of  Balquhidder  in  Dec.  1568." — Record 
of  Privy  Seal. 

Scotland  had  again  had  the  misfortune  of  a  long  regency  till  the  last 
Regent,  the  Earl  of  Morton,  was  dismissed,  and  the  young  King  nomin- 
ally took  up  the  reins  of  government  himself  in  1577,  at  the  age  of 
twelve  years. 

An  interval  in  legislation  relating  to  the  Highlands  appears  after  1665-6 
till  1 580-1,  when  King  James  VI.  began  a  series  of  minute  and  watchful 
legislation  against  the  ClanGregor,  with  the  intention  of  pacifying  the 
Highlands  in  general. 

^  Descendants  of  Dougall  Ciai'. 
2  ^  Not  yet  identified. 

*  Duncan,  younger  son  of  Duncan  Laddosach,  who  here  is  shown  still  in  Ardchoill,  he  seems  to 
have  kept  the  distinctive  name  of  "young"  through  life. 

Chapter  XIV 

CONTINUATION  of  the  "Historical  Notices"  of  Professor  Donald 
Gregory,  from  Chapter  III.,  page  35  : — 

"The  ClanGregor  had  during  the  reign  of  James  V.  become  very  numerous 
in  Balquhidder,  and  in  the  adjacent  district  of  Strathearn,  and  as  may  well  be 
supposed  were  proportionally  annoying  to  the  Lowlands  next  to  that  great  natural 
boundary  by  which  the  Highlands  are  so  strikingly  defined.  This  appears  from 
several  passages  in  the  Justiciary  Records,  and  likewise  from  a  deposition  made 
before  the  Lords  of  Council  on  22nd  Dec.  1530,  by  John  Drummond  of  Inner- 
peffray,  and  William  Murray  of  Tullibardine,  to  the  following  effect :  That  Sir 
John  Campbell  of  Calder,  Knight,  be  authorite,  supple  and  help  of  the  Erie  of 
Ergyle,  may  cause  the  ClanGregour  to  keep  gude  rewle  within  thair  boundis, 
siclik  as  uther  pacifeit  landis  adjacent  to  them  ;  and  that  the  Kingis  liegis  may  lief 
in  rest  and  pece  for  onie  skaith  to  be  done  be  the  said  ClanGregour,  the  said 
Sir  John  bindand  him  thairfoir  with  support  of  the  said  Erie  as  said  is.^  This 
proceeding  was  two  days  after  followed  by  a  respite  to  the  ClanGregor  from  all 
criminal  actions  for  the  space  of  ten  days,  with  licence  to  them  to  appear  before 
the  King  and  Council  within  that  time  'to  wirk  and  mene  for  thaim  of  all 
attemptatts  bigane,  and  to  geif  plegeis  and  sufficient  securitie  for  gud  rewle  in 
tyme  to  cum.'  ^ 

"  In  making  such  incursions,  the  MacGregors  did  nothing  which  others  of  the 
Highland  Clans  were  not  more  or  less  in  the  habit  of  doing.  But  as  their 
depredations  were  generally  committed  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Perth  or  Stirling, 
where  the  Secret  Council  often  met,  and  the  Sovereign  frequently  resided,  so  they 
became  peculiarly  the  terror  of  the  government,  and  subject  consequently  to  the 
operation  of  measures  which  from  their  extreme  severity,  as  well  as  from  the 
conflicting  interests  of  the  great  barons  employed  in  putting  them  into  execution, 
failed  in  producing  the  desired  effect,  and  only  succeeded  in  forcing  this  devoted 
Clan  to  further  acts  of  desperation.  By  this  time  indeed,  many  of  the  INIacGregors 
were  under  one  pretext  or  another  denuded  of  every  lawful  means  of  supporting 
themselves  and  their  families.  Is  it  therefore  to  be  wondered  at  that  they  should 
have  perpetrated  frequent  spoliations,  impelled  as  they  were  by  the  most  necessity  ? 
1  Acta  Dominorum  Concilii.  -  Ibid.^  4th  Dec.  1530. 

150  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1565 

Such  results,  however  deplorable,  flowed  naturally  and  necessarily  from  the  system, 
alike  impolitic  and  inhuman,  pursued  with  lands  alleged  to  belong  to  the  Crown ; 
and  by  which,  as  we  have  seen,  a  numerous  tribe  was  driven  from  one  degree  of 
privation  to  another,  to  st/nggk  for  existence  against  those  who  had  law,  no  doubt, 
as  well  as  power,  but  hardly  justice,  on  their  side. 

"About  the  year  1560  arose  a  deadly  feud  between  the  MacGregors  on  one 
side  and  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  on  the  other.  From  the  representations 
on  the  subject  to  the  Secret  Council,  a  Commission  of  fire  and  sword  was  in  1563 
issued  to  sundry  noblemen  and  barons,  against  the  ClanGregor.^  Of  this  most 
anomalous  production,  the  precursor  of  many  such  in  later  times,  and  which,  in  the 
preambles,  indulge  like  this  in  the  most  unqualified  abuse  of  the  unfortunate  race 
against  whom  they  were  directed,  a  prominent  feature  is  the  strict  manner  in  which 
it  is  directed  that  the  Clan  be  expelled  from  all  the  districts  in  which  they  dwelt, 
or  to  which  they  were  in  the  habit  of  resorting,  without  specifying,  or  so  much  as 
hinting  at,  any  other  district  into  which  they  might  be  received.  The  impolitic  and 
remorseless  severity  of  this  measure,  which  could  only  have  been  carried  into  effect 
by  a  universal  massacre,  naturally  rendered  it  abortive.  Another  commission  was 
accordingly  next  year  (1564)  issued  to  hao  only  of  the  ?iine  former  commissioners,^ 
from  which  we  may  infer  that  the  former  had  not  answered  it's  purpose. 

"  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  had,  about  the  date  of  the  first  of  these 
commissions,  been  individually  armed  with  a  separate  and  additional  commission  of 
fire  and  sword  against  the  Harbourers  of  the  ClanGregor,  in  whatever  part  of  the 
kingdom^ — a  proof  that  the  Secret  Council  not  only  neglected  to  provide  a  place 
to  which  the  ClanGregor  might,  when  ejected  from  their  homes,  retire,  but  absol- 
utely attempted  to  exclude  them  from  every  spot  on  which  they  might,  on  retiring, 
seek  shelter,  or  even  existence.  Sir  Colin,  under  colour  of  his  individual  commis- 
sion, perpetrated  on  the  lieges,  as  appears,  atrocities  not  inferior  to  those  alleged 
against  the  ClanGregor  ;  and  in  consequence  of  a  regular  complaint  by  the  barons 
and  landlords  of  Strathearn,  was,  in  the  following  year,  threatened  with  loss  of  his 
commission,  and  in  1565,  having  been  deaf  to  remonstrance,  and  persevering  in  the 
most  intolerable  outrages,  actually  deprived  of  it. 

"  As  Glenurchy  had  been  thus  pre-eminent  in  severity  against  all  whom  he  chose 
to  suspect  of  tenderness  towards  the  persecuted  ClanGregor,  we  may  fairly  presume 
that  his  conduct  towards  the  latter  was  not  remarkable  for  moderation.  In  the 
manuscript  history,  indeed,  of  the  Campbells  of  Glenurchy,  and  in  a  passage  written 
by  order  of  his  son  and  successor,  it  is  expressly  asserted  of  him  that  '  he  wes  ane 
greit  Justiciar  all  his  time,  throch  the  quhilk  he  sustenit  that  deidly  feid  of  the  Clan- 
Gregour  ane  lang  space ;  and,  besides  that  he  causit  execut  to  the  death  mony  nota- 
bill  lymmaris,  he  beheidet  the  Laird  of  Makgregour  himselff,  at  Kenmor,  in  presence 

1  Record  of  Secret  Council,  ad  annum  1563.  ^  jjjg  Y^d^xXi,  of  Argyle  and  Athol. 

^  Record  of  Secret  Council,  ad  annum  1563,  and  ibid.  1564. 

i57i]  Gregory's  Historical  Notices  151 

of  the  Erie  of  Athole,  and  the  Lord  Justice  Clerk,  and  sindry  other  nobill  men.' 
With  the  assistance  as  appears  of  Macdonald  of  Keppoch  he  invaded  Rannoch,  the 
ClanGregor's  stronghold.  His  proceedings,  however,  on  this  occasion  were  form- 
ally complained  of  by  the  Laird  of  Weyme ;  whence  we  may  infer  that,  in  this,  as 
in  other  instances,  Glenurchy  had  overleaped  the  limits  of  his  double  and  but  too 
ample  commission. 

"There  occurs  in  the  history  of  the  Clan  at  this  time  a  singular  instance  of  the 
weakness  of  Government,  and  of  the  difficulty  of  administering  the  laws  in  the  then 
state  of  the  Highlands.  A  number  of  the  best  disposed  of  the  MacGregors  had,  on 
being  charged  to  that  effect,  given  hostages  and  found  security  for  their  good  be- 
haviour. While  under  this  obligation  one  of  them  lost  his  life  in  a  private  feud 
with  some  neighbouring  Highlanders.  His  kinsmen  eager  for  revenge,  but  at  the 
same  time  deterred  by  the  penalty  in  the  bond  from  taking  it  on  the  spot,  applied 
to  the  Sovereign  (Queen  Mary),  and  obtained,  not  the  trial  of  the  alleged  culprits, 
but  a  warrant  to  reheve  themselves  from  their  obligation  to  keep  the  peace,  seeing, 
as  the  warrant  expresses  it,  '  that  nane  ar  mair  mete  for  persequutioun  of  the  tres- 
sonabill  murthouraris  of  the  said  umqlc  Gregor  nor  the  foirnamit  persones  hauing 
thair  neir  kinsman  slane  quhilkis  dar  nocht  put  on  armes  and  persew  the  said 
murthouraris  be  ressoun  of  thair  souerteis  standand  undischargeit.'^ 

"  It  cannot  be  surprising  that  the  disorders  of  the  ClanGregor,  far  from  being 
suppressed,  should  under  such  a  government,  have  increased  with  each  succeeding 
year.  We  find  accordingly,  that  in  the  year  1566,  the  tenants  and  feuars  of  Men- 
teith  presented  to  the  Government  a  supplication  praying  to  be  relieved  from  pay- 
ment of  their  rents  and  duties,  the  whole  Lordship  having,  as  stated  in  the  complaint, 
been  laid  waste  by  the  ClanGregor.- 

"  That  the  ClanGregor  were  in  many  instances  the  tools  merely  of  their  more 
powerful  neighbours  is  highly  probably.  The  celebrated  George  Buchanan,  in  a 
political  pamphlet,  printed  and  circulated  in  1571,  alluding  to  the  Hamilton 
Faction,  introduces,  as  illustrative  of  this  theme,  a  passage  descriptive  of  the  then 
known  state  of  society  in  Scotland.  '  Howbeit,'  says  he,  '  the  bullerant  blude  of  a 
King  and  a  Regent  about  thair  hartis  quhairof  the  lust  in  thair  appetite  gevis  thame 
httle  rest  dayly  and  hourly  making  neu  provocatioun  ;  yit  the  small  space  of  rest 
quhilk  thay  haue  beside  the  executioun  of  thair  crewaltie  thay  spend  in  devising  of 
generall  unquyetness  thro'  the  haill  countrie;  for,  nocht  content  of  it  that  thay 
thameselffis  may  steal,  bribe,  and  reave,  thay  set  out  ratches  on  euerie  side  to  gnaw 
the  pepillis  banes,  after  that  thay  haue  consumit  the  flesch,  and  houndis  out,  ane  of 
thame  the  Clan  Gregour,  another  the  Grantis  and  Clanquhattane,  another  Balcleugh 
and  Fairnyhirst,  another  the  Johnstounis  and  Armstrangis.'^     The  peculiar  circum- 

1  Warrant  preserved  in  the  Books  of  Adjournal,  dated  in  June  1565. — See  next  chapter. 

2  Record  of  Secret  Council,  1566. 

"  Admonitoun  direct  to  the  trew  Lordis. — Book  of  Taymouth. 

152  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor       [1584-85 

stances,  doubtless,  in  which  the  ClanGregor  had  been  so  long  placed  in  relation  to 
their  ancient  possessions,  must  have  disposed  them  to  enter  with  alacrity  into  every 
plan,  however  violent  and  rapacious,  by  which  they  might  have  the  slightest  chance 
to  better  their  condition ;  and  more  particularly  as,  in  any  event,  they  had  nothing 
to  lose. 

"In  1 581  an  act  of  the  Legislature,  reprehensible  for  it's  glaring  iniquity,  was 
passed  under  the  title  of  '  Ane  additioun  to  the  Actis  maid  aganis  notorious  Theiffis 
and  Sornaris  of  Clannis.'  By  this  it  was  made  lawful  for  any  individual  who  might 
happen  to  sustain  damage  from  a  notorious  thief,  or  from  a  ruffian  insisting  to  be 
an  inmate  of  a  family,  living  at  its  expense,  and  on  the  best  it  could  produce,  pro- 
vided the  actual  delinquent  could  not  be  laid  hold  of,  to  apprehend  and  slay  the 
bodies,  and  arrest  the  goods  of  any  of  the  Clan  to  which  the  culprit  belonged,  until 
satisfaction  was  made  to  the  injured  party  by  the  rest  of  the  said  Clan.  This  act 
must  have  been  severely  felt  by  the  ClanGregor,  whose  feud  with  the  family  of 
Glenurchy  still  continued  to  rage  with  unabated  animosity.  About  this  time  accord- 
ingly Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  Laird  of  MacGregor,  was  executed  by  Duncan 
Campbell,  younger,  of  Glenurchy. 

"  As  there  is  something  singular  in  the  history  of  the  MacGregors  of  Glenstray, 
the  noticing  of  a  few  particulars  concerning  them  may  not  be  irrelevant.  Soon  after 
the  extinction,  whether  real  or  apparent,  of  the  very  ancient  family  of  Glenurchy, 
we  find  a  branch  of  the  ClanGregor  holding  the  small  estate  of  Glenstray,  20  merks 
old  extent,  as  vassals  of  the  Earl  of  Argyle.  The  MacGregors  of  Glenstray  were 
allied  matrimonially  to  most  of  the  principal  families  of  the  name  of  Campbell ; 
and  so  long  as  they  continued  to  hold  their  lands  of  the  Argyle  family,  they  appear 
to  have  flourished,  so  as  to  become,  in  process  of  time,  the  most  consequential 
house  of  their  Clan.  On  the  other  hand,  when  the  Earl  of  Argyle  had  conveyed 
the  superiority  of  Glenstray  to  Campbell  of  Glenurchy,  which  he  did  in  1554, 
these  Macgregors  shared  the  wretched  fate  of  the  rest  of  the  Clan,  as  it  was 
obviously  the  great  aim  of  the  Glenurchy  family  to  get  rid  of  every  vassal  of  the 
name  of  MacGregor.  They  refused  to  enter  Gregor  MacGregor  MacGregor  of 
Glenstray  as  heir  to  his  father,  on  the  ground  possibly  of  his  being  a  rebel  in  the 
eye  of  the  law ;  and  after  the  death  of  Gregor,  who  as  formerly  mentioned  was 
executed  by  Campbell,  younger,  of  Glenurchy,  they  denied  the  proper  feudal 
investiture  to  his  son  Allaster,  who  in  1590  was  legally  ejected  from  the  lands  of 
Glenstray,  on  the  assertion  that  he  was  merely  tenant  of  these  lands  against  the 
will  of  the  proprietor  as  Sir  Duncan  was  pleased  to  style  himself  We  see  then 
that  this  time  the  leading  family  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  was  in  no  better 
situation  than  others  of  the  landless  Clan. 

"In  January  1584-5  the  Secret  Council  summoned  several  of  the  Highland 
Chiefs  and  Barons  connected  with  Perthshire  and  Argyleshire,  and  amongst  the  rest 
Ewin  MacGregor,  Tutor  of  Glenstray,  to  appear  personally  before  the  King  and 

1 591]  Gregory's   Historical   Notices  153 

Council,  to  answer  to  such  things  as  should  be  inquired  at  them  touching  the 
suppression  of  the  Lymmars  and  broken  men  of  the  Highlands,  by  whom  the 
countries  of  Lennox,,  Menteith,  Stirlingshire,  and  Strathearn  had,  as  alleged,  been 
cruelly  harassed.  What  proceedings,  if  any,  were  adopted  by  the  Council,  does 
not  appear.  It  is  probable  that  they  now,  however,  commenced  the  draft  of  a  long 
act  of  parliament,  vulgarly  called  '  the  General  Band,'  and  which  was  passed  in 
1587.  By  one  of  the  many  sections  of  this  voluminous  act,  it  was  declared  that 
theft  committed  by  landed  men  should  be  reckoned  treason,  and  punished  as  such. 
It  was  farther  ordained,  that  the  Captains,  Chiefs,  and  Chieftains  of  the  Clans, 
both  Border  and  Highland,  be  noted  in  a  roll,  and  obliged  under  pain  of  fire  and 
sword,  to  surrender  to  the  King  and  Council  certain  pledges  or  hostages,  liable  to 
suffer  death  if  redress  of  injuries  were  not  made  by  the  persons  for  whom  they  lay. 
We  shall  presently  have  occasion  to  see  the  attempts  made,  under  the  operation  of 
this  act,  to  reduce  the  ClanGregor  to  obedience. 

"The  slaughter  of  Drummondernoch,  Under  King's  Forrester  of  Glenartney, 
said  to  have  been  committed  in  1589  or  1590,  by  some  of  the  ClanGregor,  induced 
the  Secret  Council  to  grant  in  1590  a  commission  of  fire  and  sword  to  various 
noblemen  and  gentlemen,  for  pursuit  of  the  whole  Clan,  of  whom  nearly  200  are 
mentioned  nominatim  in  the  commission  and  which  is  said  to  have  been  executed 
with  extreme  severity  in  the  district  of  Balquhidder  especially,  and  around 

"In  July  1 59 1  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  had  a  commission  of  fire 
and  sword  against  the  ClanGregor,  who  are  described  as  being  for  the  most  part 
rebels,  and  at  the  horn  for  divers  horrible  crimes  and  offences  committed  by  them ; 
and  also  against  their  harbourers  ;  with  power  to  convocate  the  lieges  of  Breadalbane 
and  the  adjacent  districts  to  aid  in  the  execution.  The  various  noblemen  and 
barons  of  these  countries  are  enjoined  under  severe  penalties  to  aid  Sir  Duncan 
with  all  power.  The  King  as  stated  in  the  commission  had  been  informed  of 
certain  bonds  of  maintenance  subsisting  between  Sir  Duncan  on  the  one  part,  and 
some  of  the  more  leading  individuals  of  the  ClanGregor  on  the  other,  and  between 
the  last  mentioned  and  sundry  others  of  the  noblemen,  barons,  and  gentlemen ; 
and  which  if  suffered  to  remain  in  force  might,  as  was  thought,  hinder  the  execution 
of  the  commission.  All  such  bonds  were  therefore  declared  void  and  null,  and 
Glenurchy  strictly  prohibited  from  entering  into  any  engagements  of  this  nature. 
Six  months  however,  had  scarce  elapsed  when  Sir  Duncan  obtained  his  Majesty's 
licence  to  enter  into  bonds  of  friendship  with  the  MacGregors,  including  an 
oblivion  of  all  past  animosities  and  authorising  him  to  liberate  such  of  the  Clan  as 
were  then  in  his  custody,  in  consequence  as  may  be  presumed,  of  his  fidelity  in  the 
discharge  of  his  late  commission  against  them.  In  virtue  of  the  royal  licence,  a 
contract  was  entered  into  by  the  principal  barons  in  the  Highlands  of  Perthshire, 
among  others  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  on  one  part,  and  AUaster  Roy  MacGregor  of 


154  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1596 

Glenstray,  having  26  of  the  leading  persons  of  the  ClanGregor  as  his  sureties,  on 
the  other.  The  parties  became  bound  to  abstain  from  mutual  slaughters  and 
depredations;  and  in  any  disputes  that  might  arise,  to  renounce  their  own  juris- 
dictions, and  submit  to  the  commissariat  of  Dunblane.  The  youthful  Laird  of 
MacGregor  soon  found  to  his  confusion  that  he  had  undertaken  a  task  beyond  his 
strength ;  nor  was  it  long  ere  he  incurred  the  usual  penalties  of  the  law  for  non- 

"On  ist  Feb:  1592-3,  Archibald  seventh  Earl  of  Argyle,  whilst  yet  in  his 
nonage,  had  from  the  King  and  Council,  a  commission  '  aganis  all  and  sindrie  of 
the  wicked  ClanGregour  and  the  Stewartis  of  Balquhidder ' ;  with  power  to  charge 
them  by  his  precept  to  appear  before  him,  to  find  surety,  or  to  enter  pledges  for 
the  preservation  of  peace  and  order,  as  the  Earl  should  think  most  expedient. 
Recusants  were  given  over  to  the  discipline  of  fire  and  sword ;  and  Argyle 
empowered  to  convocate  the  lieges  within  the  sheriffdoms  of  Bute,  of  Tarbet, 
and  of  so  much  of  those  of  Perth  and  Stirling  as  lay  within  21  parishes  specified, 
for  pursuit  of  the  persons  of  the  ClanGregor  and  the  Balquhidder  Stewarts.  A 
proclamation  accordingly  was  issued  to  all  the  barons  and  landed  gentlemen  within 
the  districts  above  mentioned,  to  assist  with  their  whole  force;  whilst  15  principal 
householders  of  the  name  of  Macgregor  were  ordained  to  be  charged  to  appear 
before  Argyll  as  his  Majesty's  Justice  General  and  Lieutenant  in  those  parts,  on  a 
certain  and  early  day,  to  answer  to  such  things  as  should  be  laid  to  their  charge 
touching  their  obedience  to  the  laws,  under  pain  of  being  held  '  part-takers '  with 
the  '  broken  men '  of  the  Clan  in  all  their  wicked  deeds  and  punished  accordingly. 
About  this  time,  those  barons  and  gentlemen  who  had  the  ClanGregor  as  tenants, 
and  who  in  the  Records  are  forensically  styled  '  landlords  of  the  ClanGregor ' 
forced  by  the  severe  enactments  of  the  General  Band,  which  made  every  landlord 
answerable  for  the  misdemeanours  of  his  tenants,  began  to  take  measures  for  an 
universal  ejection  of  the  Clan  from  their  possessions ;  and  as  far  as  the  forms  of 
law  could  go,  numerous  ejectments  did  in  consequence  take  place, — to  such  an 
amount  indeed,  that  when,  in  July  1596,  the  Laird  of  INLicGregor  appeared 
personally  before  the  King  and  Council  at  Dunfermline,  and  bound  himself  for 
the  good  behaviour  of  his  Clan,  there  was  as  may  confidently  be  afhrmed,  scarce  a 
single  farm  occupied  by  a  MacGregor,  unless  by  force,  and  in  defiance  of  the 
proprietor.  On  this  occasion  the  Chief  after  acknowledging  his  past  offences  and 
expressing  his  contrition,  promised  to  remain  in  attendance  on  the  King,  as  a 
hostage  for  the  obedience  of  his  tribe.  He  seems  however,  to  have  soon  become 
tired  of  this  unwonted  thraldom,  where  he  found  himself  out  of  his  natural  element 
and  to  have  made  his  escape  to  the  mountains. 

"  Situate  as  this  unfortunate  Gentleman,  and  his  no  less  unfortunate  Clan,  now 
were,  they  appeared  to  Argyle  (who  although  only  a  youth,  had  already  begun  to 
distinguish  himself  by  that  crafty  policy  which  marked  the  whole  of  his  long  and 

1599]  Gregory's  Historical  Notices  155 

crooked  career)  fit  instruments  for  extending  his  power  and  influence  in  the 
Highlands  and  for  avenging  his  private  quarrels,  as  will  be  illustrated  in  the 
sequel ;  and  it  will  scarcely  be  believed  that  distant  tribes  under  the  order  of  this 
nobleman  plundered  and  laid  waste  the  lands  occupied  by  the  ClanGregor,  in  order 
no  doubt,  that  the  measures  of  retaliation  which  the  latter  were  expected  to  adopt, 
might  still  farther  widen  the  breach  between  them  and  the  constituted  authorities, 
and  make  them  more  ready  to  follow  the  perfidious  councils  of  this  arch-dissimulator. 
The  Laird  of  MacGregor,  however,  took  the  uncommon  step  of  resorting  to  a  Court 
of  law  for  redress,  being  induced  to  this  probably,  by  the  persuasions  of  his  real 
friends  or  by  the  heavy  penalties  under  which  he  lay.  He  succeeded  in  obtaining 
a  sentence  of  the  Court  for  a  large  sum  of  damages ;  but  as  may  be  supposed,  it 
was  easier  to  obtain  the  sentence  than  to  put  it  in  execution  in  a  state  of  society 
of  which  some  notion  may  be  formed  from  the  terms  of  a  protest  taken  by 
MacGregor's  Counsel  in  this  suit.  '  that  the  Laird  of  Macgregor  and  his  kyn,  wer 
the  first  sen  King  James  ist  his  tyme  that  cam  and  sought  justice.'  This  assertion 
cannot  be  taken  literally  but  there  must  evidently  have  existed  good  grounds  for 
making  it. 

"In  May  1599,  the  Barons  on  whose  lands  any  of  the  Clan  resided  were 
charged  to  produce  before  the  King  and  Council  on  3d  July,  each  of  them  the 
persons  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  for  whom  he  was  bound  to  answer ;  and  the 
Chief  and  his  whole  Clan  were  charged  to  appear  on  the  same  day,  '  to  underlye 
such  order  as  should  be  taken  with  them  touching  the  weal  and  quietness  of  the 
country.'  On  25th  July  'Offeris  for  Allaster  Makgregour  of  Glenstray'  were  in  his 
name  presented  to  the  King  by  Sir  John  Murray  of  TuUibardine,  Knight,  Sir 
Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  Knight,  and  John  Grant  of  Freuchy  (known  as  the 
Laird  of  Grant).^ 

"In  pursuance  of  these  offers  various  proceedings  took  place,  in  which  the 
anxiety  of  the  Council  to  reduce  the  ClanGregor  to  obedience  without  undue 
severity  is  very  manifest.  All  their  good  intentions  however  were  secretly  frustrated 
by  Argyle,  who  undid  in  the  Highlands,  what  had  been  done  at  Court,  whilst  the 
whole  blame  meanwhile  rested  upon  the  unfortunate  Laird  of  MacGregor,  who  was 
charged  by  the  Council  with  having  dishonourably  violated  his  most  solemn 
engagements.      For    proof    of   this    assertion    reference   is   made   to   the   dying 

declaration  of  MacGregor, and  likewise  to  a  statement  made   by  the 

gentlemen  who  had  become  his  sureties,  that  the  '  default  of  the  not  entrie  of  the 
said  Allaster  with  his  said  pledge,  at  the  peremptour  day  appointit  to  that  effect, 
wes  not  in  thame  (the  sureties)  bot  proceidit  upoun  sum  occasionis  quhilk  intervenit 
and  fell  oute  befoir  the  day  of  his  entrie,  quhilkis  discourageit  and  terrifiet  him  to 
keip  the  first  dyet.' 

"  At  last  the  King  and  Council  in  dispair  of  reducing  the  Clan  to  the  obedience 
1  These  "Offeris"  are  given  in  full,— Chapter  XXV. 

156  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

of  the  laws  by  the  existing  plan,  constituted  the  Earl  of  Argyle  his  Majesty's 
Lieutenant  and  Justice  in  the  whole  bounds  inhabited  by  the  ClanGregor,  and 
invested  him  with  the  most  ample  powers,  extending  over  as  well  the  harbourers 
of  the  MacGregors  as  the  MacGregors  themselves  :  and  it  was  provided  that  the 
former  should  be  responsible  for  the  crimes  of  those  of  the  latter  to  whom  they 
might  give  shelter  and  protection.  The  commission  was  to  continue  in  force  for 
a  year,  and  longer  if  not  specially  discharged ;  and  the  King  promised  not  to  show 
favour  or  to  grant  pardon  to  any  of  the  Macgregors  during  the  continuance  of  the 
commission,  but  to  remit  them  and  their  suits  to  the  Earl's  disposal. 

"Under  Argyle's  administration,  the  Clan,  as  might  be  expected  from  the 
policy  pursued  by  that  nobleman,  became  daily  more  troublesome  to  the  Lowlands, 
and  to  such  of  the  proprietors  more  particularly  who  had  the  misfortune  to  be  at 
feud  with  Argyll.  The  Lairds  of  Buchanan  and  Luss  suffered  severely  from  the 
incursions  of  the  ClanGregor;  and  those  of  Ardkinlass  and  Ardincaple  escaped 
assassination  only  by  the  Laird  of  MacGregor's  refusal  to  execute  in  their  cases  the 
revolting  fiats  of  the  King's  Lieutenant.  Finally  in  the  spring  of  1603  at  the 
instigation  of  Argyle  couched  probably  in  the  most  imperious  terms,  MacGregor 
with  his  men  of  Rannoch  invaded  the  Lennox,  and  fought  the  celebrated  conflict  of 
Glenfrune,  opposed  by  the  Colquhouns  and  their  friends  and  dependants ;  and 
having  routed  these  with  great  carnage,  ravaged  the  whole  district,  and  carried  off 
an  immense  booty. 

"The  King  and  Council,  horrified  by  the  intelligence  of  this  hostile  inroad, 
proceeded  to  take  the  most  severe  measures  for  bringing  the  offenders  to  justice. 
A  series  of  sanguinary  enactments  against  the  unhappy  ClanGregor  was  crowned 
by  that  of  the  proscription  of  the  names  of  Gregor  and  IMacGregor  under  pain  of 
death,  which  bears  date  3d  April  1603.1  Argyll  was  the  first  to  turn  upon  the 
unfortunate  chief,  whom,  and  several  gentlemen  of  his  Clan,  he  betrayed  in 
circumstances  peculiarly  infamous,  and  all  inquiry  into  the  origin  of  the  raid  was 
studiously  stifled  to  save  the  Earl.  The  Declaration  however  of  his  victim 
produced  on  the  trial,  and  preserved  in  the  original,  distinctly  charges  Argyll 
with  having  caused  MacGregor  not  only  to  violate  engagements  under  which  he 
had  come  to  the  King  and  Council  in  1599,  as  above  detailed,  but  to  commit  many 
of  the  crimes  for  which  he  was  about  to  suffer  death.^ 

1  See  Excerpts  of  Record  of  Secret  Council  in  the  Earl  of  Haddington's  Collection,  preserved 
in  the  Advocates'  Library,  Edinburgh.  The  volume  or  volumes,  whence  these  Excerpts  for  the 
years  1603-4-5  were  taken,  are  unfortunately  missing. — D.  Gregory. 

^  This  is  evident  from  there  being  a  packed  jury  on  the  trial  of  the  Laird  of  MacGregor, 
notwithstanding  the  notoriety  of  the  crimes  charged,  and  from  the  indecent  haste  which  mark  the 
whole  of  the  proceedings  in  Edinburgh ;  not  to  mention  from  Calderwood's  History,  and  other 
sources,  that  seven  gentlemen  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  were  executed  along  with  the  Laird  of 
MacGregor  without  a  trial,  although,  as  asserted  by  the  candid  historian,  "reputed  honest  for  their 
own  parts." — D.  Gregory. 

i6o3]  Gregory's  Historical  Notices  157 

"  I  have  thus,  in  the  preceding  pages,  endeavoured  to  show  that  the  causes  of 
the  proscription  of  the  ClanGregor  were  closely  connected  with  the  impolitic 
system  on  which  the  ancient  crown  lands  were  managed ;  and  that  this  Clan 
suffered  more  severely  under  that  system  than  others  from  having  lost  their  early 
freehold  possessions,  or  at  least  the  greater  part  of  these  by  forfeiture,  as  early  as 
the  reign  of  King  Robert  Bruce,  and  being  thus  deprived  of  that  weight  in  the 
Councils  of  a  rude  nation  which  uniformly  accompanies  the  possession  of  extensive 
land -property.  This  view  is  farther  confirmed  by  a  fact  that  I  have  lately 
discovered,  that  King  James  V.  actually  proscribed  the  Clan  Chattan  by  acts 
equally  severe  with  those  directed  by  his  grandson  against  the  ClanGregor. 
Wherein  consisted  the  difference  between  the  two  Clans  ?  The  answer  is  obvious. 
The  Captain  of  the  Clan  Chattan  and  several  of  the  chief  gentlemen  of  his  tribe, 
held  extensive  possessions  under  the  Crown,  and  were  thus  in  a  manner  inde- 
pendent of  the  great  families  in  the  neighbourhood.  How  different  the  case  was 
with  the  ClanGregor  we  have  already  seen;  and  the  fate  of  the  Macdonalds  of 
Glencoe  (who  were  in  other  respects  more  favourably  situated)  is  nearly  parallel  to 
that  of  the  MacGregors  and  may  be  traced  to  the  same  causes." 

Chapter    XV 
MacGregor  of  Glenstray 

RETURNING  to  the  MacGregors  of  Glenstray  it  was  noted  in  Chapter 
V.^  that  John  of  Glenstray  died  of  the  hurt  of  an  arrow,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  brother. 

VI.  Gregor  Roy  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  who  was  never  infeofed  in 
this  property  although  bearing  the  title  of  it.  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyll 
sold  the  superiority  of  the  twenty  markland  of  Glenstray  to  Colin  Campbell 
of  Glenurquhay  in  1556,  and  granted  the  ward  and  marriage  of  Gregor 
MacGregor,  heir  of  the  late  Allaster,  to  him. 

The  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth "  contains  the  following  short 
history ; — 

"  Gregor  Roy  his  (John's)  brother  succeidit  to  him  The  said  Gregour  Roy  mariet 
the  Laird  of  Glenlyoun's  dochter, '  by  whom  he  had '  Allaster  M'^Gregour  and  Johne 
Dow  M'^Gregour  his  brother,  the  foresaid  Gregour  wes  execute  be  Coline  Campbell 
of  Glenurquhay." 

Possibly  Sir  Colin  might  have  befriended  him  if  he  had  been  willing  to 
give  up  his  own  Clan,  but  Gregor  evidently  preferred  to  cast  in  his  lot  with 
his  persecuted  brethren.  His  name  is  found  in  several  of  the  complaints 
against  the  MacGregors,  and  in  1563  we  have  seen  in  a  previous  page^ 
that  he  endeavoured  to  "  fortify  "  himself,  as  it  was  called,  by  a  treaty  of 
alliance  with  Stewart  of  Appin,  a  family  who  had  also  "  trokings "  with 
MacGregor  of  Roro ;  but  there  is  no  evidence  of  his  having  led  any 
great  outbreak,  and  the  notices  of  the  Clan  in  the  twenty  years  succeed- 
ing the  death  of  Duncan  Ladosach  and  his  son  Gregor,  also  called  Roy, 
not  having  been  specially  turbulent,  it  must  be  supposed  that  there  were 

'  At  page  55.  ■'  Chapter  XII.,  page  132. 

MacGregor  of  Glenstray  159 

some  feuds,  the  history  of  which  has  not  been  transmitted,  or  other  causes 
to  excite  the  malignity  of  Glenurquhay  and  as  it  seems  the  displeasure 
of  the  Government.  Tradition  appears  to  confound  the  death  of  Duncan 
Ladosach  with  that  of  young  Glenstray;  both  deeds  were  the  work  of 
Glenurquhay,  but  it  is  apparently  to  the  latter  to  whom  reference  is  made  in 
the  Biography  of  Sir  Colin  in  the  "  Black  Book  "  :  "  he  beheiddit  the  laird 
off  M*^Gregour  himselff  at  Kandmoir  in  presens  of  the  Erie  of  Atholl,  the 
justice  clerk  and  sundrie  other  noblemen." 

"In  1569.     A  commission  was  given  to  the  Laird  of  Glenurchy  to  'justify' 

Gregor  McGregor  of  Glenstray,  who  was  accordingly  beheaded  on  the  green 

of  Kenmore."— Breadalbane  Papers  in  Report  of  The  Historical  Commission. 

"Obituary.  1570  the  7.  day  of  Apryll  Gregor  ^rOregor  of  Glensra  heddyt  at 


There  have  been  conflicting  theories  as  to  the  hero  of  the  beautiful 
gaelic  song  "Cumha  Ghriogair  MhicGhriogair,"  but  from  tradition  and 
various  circumstances  it  seems  probable  that  Gregor  of  Glenstray  was  the 
Gregour  Roy  nam  Bassan  gheal  (of  the  white  hand  or  palm),  and  from  the 
"  Black  Book  "  his  marriage  with  a  daughter  of  Campbell  of  Glenlyon  has 
been  ascertained.  The  gaelic  words  of  this  old  lament  are  here  given 
with  the  English  translation,  both  copied  from  the  "  Killin  Collection 
of  Gaelic  Songs"  by  Charles  Stewart,  Esq.,  Tighnduin  Killin,  which 
has  the  following  preface  giving  the  Glenlyon  tradition  of  the 
story  : — 

"  In  the  latter  half  of  the  sixteenth  century  lived  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenlyon 
who  was  so  celebrated  for  his  hospitality  that  he  was  known  as  '  Donnacha  Ruadh 
na  Feilach.'  His  residence  was  '  Caisteal  a  Curin-bhan '  about  two  miles  above 
the  pass.  He  had  a  daughter  whom  he  intended  giving  in  marriage  to  the  Baron 
o^  Dall,  on  the  south  side  of  Loch  Tay.  The  daughter  was  of  a  different  opinion 
for  having  met  with  young  Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glenstrae  she  gave  up  to  him  her 
heart's  warmest  affections  and  which  he  fully  returned.  In  spite  of  all  opposition, 
she  left  her  father's  house,  and  married  him.  Duncan  was  bitterly  vexed,  and  so 
were  the  then  heads  of  the  eastern  Campbells,  Sir  Colin  of  Glenurchay  and  his  son 
'Black  Duncan.'  In  consequence  Gregor  and  his  wife  were  followed  with  the 
most  unrelenting  enmity.  They  were  often  obliged  to  wander  from  place  to  place, 
taking  shelter  in  caves  under  rocks,  and  in  thickets  of  woods.  On  the  night 
preceding  the  7.  of  April  1570,  they  had  rested  under  a  rock  on  a  hillside  above 
Loch  Tay.     Next  morning  after  taking  such  breakfast  as  in  the  circumstances  they 

i6o  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

could  compass,  the  young  wife  sat  herself  on  the  ground,  and  dandled  her  young 
babe  in  her  arms  whilst  Gregor  was  fondly  playing  with  it.  This  endearing  episode 
of  pure  love  and  affection  was  ruthlessly  broken  in  upon.  In  an  instant  they  were 
surrounded  by  a  band  of  their  foes,  and  carried  off  to  Balloch.  Gregor  was  at  once 
condemned  to  death,  and  beheaded  at  Kenmore  in  presence  of  Sir  Cohn ;  his 
wife,  daughter  of  the  Ruthven,  who   looked   out  of  an  upper  window;  Black ^ 

^CuMHA  Ghriogair  MhicGriogair. 

"  Ochan,  ochan,  ochan,  uirigh, 
'S  goirt  mo  chridhe  a  laoigh ; 
Ochan,  achan,  ochani  uirigh, 
Cha  chluinn  d'  athair  ar  caoidh. 

1  Moch  'sa'  mhadain  la  di-D6mhnaich 
Bha  mi  'sugradh  marri  'm  ghradh, 
Ach,  m'  an  d'  thainig  meadhon  latha 
'S  mise  bha  air  mo  chradh. 

2  Mallach  aig  maithibh  's  aig  cairdean, 
Rinn  mo  chradh  air  an  doigh ; 
Thainig  gun  f  hios  air  mo  ghradhsa, 
'S  thug  fo  smachd  e  le  foill. 

3  Na  'm  bhiodh  da-fhear-dheug  d'  a  chinneach 
'S  mo  Ghriogair  air  an  ceann, 

Cha  bhiodh  mo  shuil  a  sileadh  dheur. 
No  mo  leanabh  fein  gun  daimh. 

4  Chuir  iad  a  cheann  air  ploc  daraich 
Is  dhoirt  iad  'fhuil  mu  'n  lar, 

Na  'm  biodh  agamsa  sin  cupan, 
Dh'  olainn  di  mo  shkth. 

5  'S  truagh  nach  robh  m'  athair  ann  an  galar, 
Agus  Cailein  ann  am  plaigh, 

Ged  bhiodh  nighean  an  Ruthainaich 
Suathadh  bhas  a'  s  laimh. 

^  The  text  is  here  interrupted  to  allow  the  Gaelic  song  to  be  opposite  the  translation. 
'^  From  the  Killin  Collection  of  Gaelic  Songs  by  Charles  Stewart  of  Tighnduin. 

Lament  for  Grigor  MacGrigor         i6i 

Duncan;  AthoU  the  Lord  Justice  Clerk,  and  Duncan  Campbell,  of  Glenlyon. 
Most  pitiful  of  all,  the  unutterably  wretched  wife  was  forced  to  witness  her 
Husband's  execution.  Immediately  thereafter,  with  her  babe  in  her  arms  she 
was  driven  forth  by  her  kindred  helpless  and  houseless.  The  kindness  however 
thus  cruelly  denied,  was  abundantly  given  by  others  who  sorely  pitied  her  sad  case. 
In  her  great  anguish  she  composed  the  song  that  follows,  and  sung  it  as  a  lullaby 
to  her  babe  : — 

Lament  for  Grigor  MacGrigor. 

(Translation  by  Charles  Stewart.) 

"  Ochan,  ochan,  ochan,  ooree. 
Breaks  my  heart  my  own  wee  dear, 
Ochan,  ochan,  ochan,  ooree, 
Thy  slain  father  cannot  hear. 

1  Early  on  last  Sunday  morning, 
I  was  joyous  with  my  love ; 

Ere  that  noonday  had  passed  o'er  us 
I  was  pierced  with  sudden  grief. 

2  Cursed  be  nobles  and  my  kindred; 
Who  have  sorely  stricken  me ; 

Foul  betrayed  my  own  heart's  darling, 
Seized  him  fast  and  laid  him  low. 

3  Were  there  twelve  men  of  his  clanship, 
And  my  Grigor  them  to  lead, 

My  sad  eyes  were  not  thus  streaming. 
Nor  my  child  so  sore  bereft. 

4  His  dear  head  upon  an  oak-block, 
They  have  placed,  and  shed  his  blood ; 
Could  I  have  a  cup  of  that,  then 

Ah,  how  deeply  could  I  drink. 

5  Oh  !  that  Colin  were  plague-smitten, 
And  my  father  in  sore  pain, 
"Whilst  the  daughter  of  the  Ruthven, 
Rubbed  her  hands  and  palms  in  vain. 


1 62  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

6  Chuirinn  Cailein  Hath  fo  ghlasaibh, 
'S  '  Donnacha  Dubh '  an  laimh  ; 

'S  gach  Caimbeulach  a  bha  am  Bealach 
Gu  giulan  nan  glas-laimh. 

7  Rainig  mise  rdidhlein  Bhealaich, 
'S  cha  d'  f  huair  mi  ann  tamh. 

Cha  d'  fhag  mi  roinn  do  m'  fhalt  gun  tarruing, 
No  craicionn  air  mo  laimh. 

8  'S  truagh  nach  robh  mi  'n  riochd  na  h-uiseig 
Spionnadh  Ghriogair  ann  mo  lamh, 

'Si  chlach  ab  'airde  anns  a  chaisteal 
Clach  ab  'fhaisg  do  'n  bhlar. 

9  'S  truagh  nach  robh  Fionnlairg  na  lasair, 
'S  Bealach  mor  na  smal, 

'S  Griogair  ban  nam  basa  geala, 
Bhi  eadar  mo  dha  laimh. 

lo  'S  ged  tha  mi  gun  ubhlan  agam, 
'S  ubhlan  uile  aig  lach, 
'S  ann  tha  m'  ubhal  cubhraidh  grinn, 
A  's  cul  a'  chinn  ri  lar. 

1 1  Ged  tha  mnaithibh  chaich  aig  baile 
Na  'n  laidhe  's  na  cadal  seimh, 

'S  ann  bhios  mise  aig  bruaich  mo  leapa, 
A  bualadh  mo  dha  laimh. 

1 2  'S  mor  a  bannsa  bhi  aig  Griogair, 
Air  feadh  choille  's  fraoich, 

Na  bhi  aig  Baran  crion  na  Dalach, 
An  tigh  cloich  a  's  aoil. 

13  'S  mor  bannsa  bhi  aig  Griogair, 
Cur  a  chruidh  do  'n  ghleann, 

Na  bhi  aig  Baran  crion  na  Dalach, 
Ag  ol  air  fion  's  air  leann. 

Lament  for  Grigor  MacGrigor  163 

6  Grey  haired  Colin  I  would  dungeon, 
And  '  Black  Duncan '  make  secure, 
Every  Campbell  within  Balloch 

In  chained  wristlets,  I'd  make  sure. 

7  When  I  reached  the  plains  of  Balloch, 
There  no  resting  place  I  found ; 

Not  one  hair  left  I  untorn, 
Nor  my  palms  one  shred  upon. 

8  Could  I  fly  as  does  the  sky-lark 
I'd  tear  Grigor  from  their  hands, 
And  the  highest  stone  in  Balloch 
As  the  lowest  I  would  lay. 

9  Oh,  for  Finlarig  in  blazes. 

And  proud  Balloch  steeped  in  flames. 
Whilst  my  Grigor,  the  white  palmed  one. 
In  my  arms  then  rested  safe. 

10  Though  now  reft  of  my  own  loved  one, 
Whilst  all  others  have  their  own. 

One  I  had  both  fragrant,  lovely, 
But  his  head  is  lowly  laid. 

1 1  When  the  wives  of  all  my  kindred 
Are  deep  wrapt  in  balmy  sleep. 
On  ray  bed  I  sit  sad  weeping, 
And  my  hands  I  wring  in  grief 

1 2  Fain  would  I  be  with  my  Grigor, 
On  the  heath,  or  'mongst  the  woods. 
Than  of  Dallach  the  wee  Baron's 
Housed  in  walls  of  stone  and  lime. 

13  Fain  would  I  be  with  my  Grigor, 
Driving  cows  along  the  glen. 
Than  of  Dalach  the  wee  Baron's, 
Drinking  beer  and  quafifiing  wine. 

164  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

14  'S  mor  a  bannsa  bhi  aig  Griogair, 
Fo  brata  ruibeach  roinn, 
Na  bhi  aig  Baran  crion  na  Dalach, 
Gillian  siod  a  's  sroil. 

1 5  Ged  biodh  cur  a  's  cathath  ann, 
A  's  '  latha  no  seachd  sion,' 
Gheibheadh  Griogair  dhomsa  cragan, 
'S  an  caidlimid  fo  dhion. 

Ba  hu,  ba  ho,  aisrain  bhig, 
Cha  'n  'eil  thu  fathasd  ach  tlath, 
'S  eagal  leam  nach  tig  an  latha, 
Gun  diol  thu  d'  athair  gu  brath." 

The  compiler  of  "  The  Lairds  of  Glenlyon  "  records  his  version  of  the 
Glenlyon  tradition  on  the  subject  of  Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glenstrae's 
marriage  to  be  that  her  father,  Duncan  Roy  Campbell  of  Glenlyon,  was 
friendly  to  Gregor,  although  probably  obliged  to  follow  the  lead  of  his 
chief,  Colin  Campbell,  at  the  last.  In  this  work  the  following  prose 
version  of  the  translation  is  somewhat  closer  to  the  original : — 

"On  Lammas  morn  I  rejoiced  with  my  love:  ere  noon  my  heart  was  pressed 
with  sorrow. 

*'Ochain,  ochain,  ochain,  uiridh, 
Sad  my  heart  my  child  : 
Ochain,  ochain,  ochain,  uiridh, 
Thy  father  hears  not  our  moan. 

"  Under  ban  be  the  nobles  and  friends  who  pained  me  so  :  who  unawares  came 
on  my  love,  and  overmastered  him  by  guile.     Ochain  &c. 

"  Had  there  been  twelve  of  his  race,  and  my  Gregor  at  their  head,  my  eyes 
would  not  be  dim  with  tears,  nor  my  child  without  their  father.     Ochain  &c. 

"They  laid  his  head  upon  an  oaken  block:  they  poured  his  blood  on  the 
ground :  oh  had  I  there  a  cup  I  would  drink  of  it  my  fill. 

"Oh  that  my  father  had  been  sick,  and  Colin  in  the  plague,  and  all  the 
Campbells  in  Balloch  wearing  manacles. 

"  I  would  have  put  '  Gray  Colin '  under  lock  and  '  Black  Duncan '  in  a  dungeon, 
though  Ruthven's  daughter  would  be  wringing  her  hands. 

"  I  went  to  the  plains  of  Balloch,  but  rest  found  not  there :  I  tore  the  hair  from 
my  head,  the  skin  from  my  hands. 

Lament  for  Grigor  MacGrigor  165 

14  Fain  would  I  be  with  my  Grigor, 
'Neath  a  wrapper  torn  and  bare, 
Than  of  Dalach  the  wee  Baron's, 
Silks  and  gauzes  as  my  wear, 

15  Though  it  snowed,  and  though  it  drifted. 
On  a  '  day  of  seven  blasts ' 

Yet  a  crag  my  Grigor  found  me. 
Where  I  warmly  there  could  rest. 

Ba  hu,  ba  ho,  my  own  wee  dearie. 
Thou  art  but  a  little  child, 
E'en  in  manhood,  I  much  fear  me. 
You  his  death  can't  full  redeem," 

"  Had  I  the  wings  of  the  lark  the  strength  of  Gregor  in  my  arms,  the  highest 
stone  in  the  castle  would  have  been  the  one  next  the  ground. 

"  Oh  that  Finlarig  were  wrapped  in  flames,  proud  Taymouth  lying  in  ashes,  and 
fair  haired  Gregor  of  the  white  hands  in  my  embrace. 

"  All  others  have  apples  :  I  have  none  :  my  sweet  lovely  apple  has  the  back  of 
his  head  to  the  ground. 

"  Other  men's  wives  sleep  soft  in  their  homes  :  I  stand  by  the  bedside  wringing 
my  hands. 

"  Better  follow  Gregor  through  heath  and  wold,  than  be  with  the  mean  little 
Baron  of  Dall^  in  a  house  of  stone  and  lime. 

"  Better  be  with  Gregor  putting  the  cattle  to  the  glen,  than  with  the  mean  little 
Baron  drinking  wine  and  beer. 

"  Better  be  with  Gregor  under  sackcloth  of  hair,  than  wear  silken  sheen  as  the 
mean  Baron's  bride. 

"Though  it  snowed  and  drifted,  and  was  a  day  of  sevenfold  storm  Gregor  would 
find  me  a  rock,  in  whose  shelter  we  might  lie  secure. 

"  Ba  hu,  ba  hu,  my  orphan  young, 
For  still  a  tender  plant  art  thou 
And  much  I  fear  the  day  wont  come 
When  thou  shalt  earn  thy  father's  fame." 

The  latter  version  is  much  tamer,  and  the  last  verse  especially  seems 
to  miss  the  w^idow's  longing  that  her  boy  should  revenge  his  father's 

1  A  MacOmie  or  son  of  Thomas. 

1 66  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

The  following  letter  addressed  by  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay 
to  Gregor  M'^Ane,  keeper  of  the  Castle  of  Glenurquhay,  only  a  few  months 
after  the  execution  of  Gregor  of  Glenstray,  shows  the  old  Knight  in  a  very 
different  light ;  kind,  considerate,  and  cheerful  to  a  curious  degree  for  a 
man  who  acted  as  executioner  by  choice  : — 

"1570  August  18.  Gregor  M*^Ane — I  commend  me  hartilie  to  yow.  M'^Callum 
Dow  has  schavvin  me  quhow  the  Clangregour  hes  tain  up  your  geir,  and  your  puir 
tenentis  geir,  the  quhil  I  pray  yow  tak  no  thocht  of,  for  albeit  I  haf  na  ky  to 
recompanss  yow  instantlie,  I  sail  God  willinge  mak  yow  and  youris  suir  of  rowmis 
that  sail  mak  yow  mair  profeit  nor  the  geir  that  ye  have  tint  at  this  tyme,  ye  beand 
ane  trew  and  faythfuU  seruand  to  me.  And  gif  the  puir  men  that  wantis  geir 
duellinge  onder  yow  be  trew  to  yow,  tak  thame  into  the  place  upoun  my  expenssis, 
and  gif  to  thair  wyffis  and  bairniss  of  my  victuall  to  sustein  thame  as  ye  think 
expediant.  I  pray  yow  have  the  place  weill  provydit  with  sic  furneshing  as  ye  ma 
get,  and  spair  nowther  my  geir  nor  yat  your  awin  for  God  leuwinge  us  our  heilthis 
we  will  get  geir  enewche.  I  pray  yow  and  als  commandis  yow  that  ye  lat  nain 
within  the  place  but  your  awin  traist  seruandis  albeit  I  gaif  yow  ane  command  to 
resaue  sum  utheris  at  my  departing,  and  keip  this  writing  for  your  warrand ;  for 
albeit  the  geir  be  awa  and  the  ground  waistit,  I  keepand  that  auld  houss  and 
haldand  the  regis  haill  as  God  willinge  I  sail,  ye  beand  ane  faythfull  seruand  to  me, 
my  bairnis  and  youris  sail  leif  honorabill  in  it  will  God,  quhen  the  plage  of  God 
will  leyth  upoun  tha  and  thair  posteritie  out  of  memorie  that  molestis  me  and  yow 
at  this  present.  Send  word  to  me  gif  ye  mister  men  or  ony  uthir  thinge  ye  wald 
have  doand  with  this  berar,  quha  is  ane  man  I  credeit  and  ye  ma  schaw  to  him 
your  mind.  I  sail  provyid  sum  scharp  boy  that  can  writ  and  reid  to  yow  schortlie, 
and  bald  ye  him  on  my  expenssis  sa  lang  as  this  induris  becaus  credeit  ma  nocht 
be  gevin  to  boyis.  The  rest  to  your  wisdomn,  and  to  treit  yourself  weill  and  be 
merrie,  and  tak  no  thocht  of  geir  for  we  will  get  geir  enewche,  will  God.,  quha  mot 
have  yow  in  keepinge.     At  Ilanran — youris 

"  Colin  Campbell." 

The  severe  measures,  however,  towards  the  rest  of  the  Clan  only 
provoked  acts  of  revenge  : — 

"  1570.  August  22.  John  M'^Conil  Dow  V^Geglas  V^Kessoch  slayn  besyd 
Glenfalloch  and  thirteen  of  the  Lardis  of  Glenurquhay 's  men  slayn  that  da 
be  Clangregour  and  thar  complessis.  Gud  in  hawin  stance  them  of  ther 
vykytnes.     So  be  it. 

Fortingal  Obituary  167 

"  1571.  Nov.  16.  Death  of  Gregor  son  of  the  Vicar  of  Fortingill  in  the  houss 
of  his  father  and  buried  in  the  Church  there. 

"1572.  Sep.  24.  AUester  M'^AUester  slain  and  his  son  ane  yonge  barne  of 
sewin  yer  aid  callyt  Gregor  and  Duncan  brodyr  tyl  AUester^  al  slain  in 
Stromferna  be  Patryk  Dow  M'^Gregor  V^Condoquhy  Lawdossyt^  with  his 
complessis  and  be  the  drath  ('  draucht,'  artful  scheme)  of  AUester  Gald 
V^Gregor.^  The  saidis  Allster  and  his  son  and  brodyr  zyrdith  (buried)  in 

"1572.  Nov.  10.     Death  of  Donald  Elder  M'^Quhewin  ai  Theneff  in  the  house 

of  his  son.  Donald. 
"1572.  -3  Jan.  9.     Death  of  Katherine  Neyn  AUester  VOlchallum  VGregor 

wife  of  Patrik  M'^Quhewin  at  Ardtrasgyr,  '  in  gallocate '  (insane  ?). 
"1573.  March  30.     death  of  Ronald  M'^Gregor  VCouil  in  the  nordland  and 

buried  in  the  Church  of  Taldow  in  Strathdayn. 
"  1574.     Donald  Dow  M'^Conil  V^Quhewin  heddyt  at  the  Kenmore  be  Collene 

Campbel  of  Glenurquhay  April  7.  and  zirdit  in  Fortingall  same  day. 

"April  28.      Gud  Maid  N'^Ayn  Vay  in  Glenlyon  spous  till  the  clerk 

M'^Niven  and  zirdit  in  Branwo. 

"  Death  of  Ellyssat  Neyn  Huston  VEwin  spouse  of  Donald  MTon- 

doquhy  Voyr  at  Fortingill. 

"Murder  of  Patrik*  Dow  M'^Gregor  VDuncan  Lawdossyt  at  Bofudyr 

Balquhidder)  by  Clandowilchair.     Oct.  4. 
"1576.  June  30.      Death  of  Joneta  neyn  Duncan  V^Gregor  wife  of  Donald 

M'^Quhewin  at  Thyneffand  buried  at  fortingill." 

This  entry  ends  the  last  part  of  Fortingal  Obituary. 
From  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1571-1.  I.  Jan.     To  a  messenger  'Passand  of  Edinburgh  to  Stirlin  with  lettre 
to  summon  an  assize  to  Duncane  M'^Gregour  to  be  accusit  of  certain  crimes 
and  justifiet  at  Stirhng." — Lord  High  Treasurer's  Books. 
1  Their  identity  not  ascertained. 

^  This   Patrick   was   murdered   two   years   later   by   the   Clan   Dougal   Ciar.      Although  his 
patronymics  read  Patrick,   son  of  Gregor,  son  of  Duncan   Ladosach,  he  is  not   identical  with 
Patrick  Aulach,  who  was  son  of  Gregor.     Two  explanations  occur,  either  this  Patrick  Dow  was  a 
natural  son  of  Gregor,  or  he  was  his  brother,  and  "  M'^Gregor  "  is  merely  mentioned  as  a  surname. 
^  Younger  brother  of  Gregor  Roy. 
*  See  above.     1572,  September  24. 

Chapter   XVI 


E  now  resume  the  Baronage  Memoir  which,  although  occasionally 
led  into  error,  has  always  a  valuable  connecting  thread.     We  find 

"XVII.  Duncan  eldest  son  of  the  Gregor  slain  in  1552  and  grandson  of  Duncan 
Ladosach,  called  Donach  Abberach^  from  his  having  been  immediately  after  his 
father's  murder  carried  into  Lochaber  by  his  mother's  friends,  as  were  his  two 
brothers,  to  Athol  and  Strathearn,  by  other  relations,  in  order  to  save  them  from 
the  like  danger.  He  was  a  stout  man  of  a  very  fine  appearance,  and  soon  acquired 
a  reputation  over  all  the  Highlands;  in  so  much  that  Duncan  Dubh  a  Churic, 
dreading  lest  this  young  hero  should  make  his  old  head  answer  for  the  murder  of 
his  father  and  grandfather,  and  also  cut  him  out  of  the  lands  he  had  acquired  by 
that  and  the  like  means  from  his  family  and  friends,  endeavoured  by  all  means  to 
reconcile  himself  to  Duncan  Abberach  who  would  certainly  have  taken  that  cruel 
but  just  revenge;  had  not  Locheil's  influence  prevailed  with  him  to  accept  of  the 
offer  made  by  Duncan  Dubh,  of  his  father's  lands,  with  those  of  Corriecharmaig  and 
Tomachrochair,  in  Glenlochy,  as  an  addition ;  in  consequence  of  which  the  two 
Duncans  were  sworn  to  an  inviolable  friendship  in  presence  of  Locheil  and  several 
other  Chiefs,  at  a  very  numerous  meeting  of  the  friends  of  both  parties,  held  for  the 
purpose  in  the  Braes  of  Glenurchy.^ 

"  Duncan  Abberach  took  for  his  first  wife  Christian,  a  daughter  of  the  ancient 
family  of  Macdonald  of  Keppoch,  by  whom  he  had  a  son  who  died  young. 

"  He  married  adly  .  .  ,  daughter  to  Macfarlane  of  that  Ilk  descended  from  the 
family  of  the  Lennox  and  by  her  he  had  three  sons  whose  descendants  are  at  this 
day  known  by  the  name  of  Slioch  Donachadh  Abberach,  '  the  tribe  of  Lochaber 

"  I.  Patrick  his  heir,  whose  line  carried  on  the  representation.     See  further  on. 

"  2.  Robert,^  a  man  of  a  rare  martial  genius.  He  laid  the  plan  of  attacking  the 

"3.  Alpin  who  married  and  had  issue  of  whom  Sir  Evan  Macgregor  of 

He  was  eventually  slain  at  Bentoig  1604. — See  Chapter  XXVII. 

Chapter  XII.,  page  148. 

Known  afterwards  as  Robert  Abroch. 

Duncan  Abberach's  Bond  of  Maintenance     169 

The  first  mention  of  Duncan  Abberach  on  his  return  from  Lochaber  is 
in  the  record  of  forfeitures,  Sept.  8th,  1569.^  He  soon  afterwards  found 
favour  with  the  Earl  of  Argyle,  as  appears  from  the  following  Bond  of 
Maintenance : — 

"  1573.  August  24.  ...  Be  it  kend  till  all  men  and  sundrie  to  quhom  it  efferis 
we  Archibald  Erie  of  Argyle  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome  justice  and  chan- 
cellor of  Scotland  &a.  &a.  to  haif  resavit  our  louittis  (lovites)  Duncan 
Abbroche  M'^Gregour,  Patrik  M'^Gregour,  Allaster  Skorinche  (  ) 

M'^Gregour,  MolcoUum  M'^Gregour,  Patrik  Awilochi  (Aulach)  M'^Gregour 
and  Dougal  M'^Gregour  the  saidis  Duncanis  bredrene,  thair  airis  and 
offspring  in  our  maintenance.  And  also  in  our  airis  protection  and 
defence  in  all  thair  juste  and  lesum  materis  aganis  all  raaner  of  mane, 
the  authorite  of  Scotland  beand  exceptit.  The  saidis  Duncane  M*^Gregour 
and  the  rest,  bredern,  thair  airis  and  offspring  beand  leill  and  trew  to  us  and 
our  airis  and  to  serf  us  at  all  tymes  we  pleis,  to  chairge  thayme  to  thair 
powar  and  alss  the  foirsaidis,  to  be  of  rewl  in  all  tymes  cumin,  as  trew  and 
ciwil  subdittis  of  our  souerane  the  Kingis  Maiestie,  And  giff  ony  hes  to  say 
to  thayme  for  ony  thing  that  sail  chance  fra  this  farther  to  call  thame  or  ony 
of  thame,  according  to  the  ordour  of  law  and  equal  justice  sail  be  ministrat 
to  the  use  of  this  realme  witht  certificatioune  gif  ony  wald  intend  aganis 
thame  or  ony  of  thayme  by  the  law,  that  we  sail  be  thair  party  and  nocht 
thay,  seeing  thayme  aplyable  to  the  lawis.  And  willis  thir  presentis  to  be 
maid  manifest  in  all  placis  neidfuU  Be  this  subscryvit  with  our  hand  at  the 
Carrick  the  24.  day  of  Aug.  1573.  (signed)  Ar:  Erall  Ergyll  And  for  the 
mair  verificatioune  causit  affixe  our  signet  hearto,  &a  The  names  of  thair 
airis  and  offspring  conteinit  in  this  band  and  off  thameselffis  that  is 
presentlie  in  lyff,  Duncan  Abbrach  M'^Gregour,  Robert  M'^Gregour  his  sone, 
Duncan  and  ....  also  his  sonis ;  Allaster  Skerrich  M*^gregour,  Dugall 
and  ....  his  sones,  Patrick  Aulich  M'^Gregour,  Duncan  ....  also  his 
sones  Johne  M'^Gregour  in  Morinche,  sone  to  Patrik  Dow  and  Patrik 
M'^Gregour  brother  to  the  said  Johne." — Luss  Collection. 

This  Paper,  quoted  in  the  "  Chartulary,"  after  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling's 
careful  investigations  among  the  Luss  Papers,  corroborates  the  names 
Patrick  Aulach,  and  of  Duncan's  son  Robert,  as  given  in  the  "  Baronage  " 
many  years  before  the  existence  of  this  Band  was  known. 

^  Chapter  XII.,  page  147. 

170  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1576 

From  the  "  Chartulary,"   1574,  Dec.  28,  Glenurquhay's   Band  upon  a 
non-entry  ^ : — 

"Be  it  kend  till  all  men  be  thir  present  Lres  Me  Colyne  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhay,  That  forsamekle  as  oure  souerane  Lord  with  awise  &a  (of 
Earl  Morton  Regent  of  the  Kingdom)  hes  gevin  and  disponit  to  me,  my 
airis  and  assigniyes  the  non entries,  males,  fermes,  profeitis  and  dewiities  of 
all  and  haill  the  landis  of  Conry,  Roro,  Morinche  Eister,  Morinche  Middill 
and  Morinche  Wester,  Duncrosk,  Candknok  and  Auchmoir  with  all  cottages 
&a  Hand  in  the  Barony  of  Menzies  of  all  zerris  (years)  and  termis  bygane 
sen  the  deceis  of  umqle  Robert  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  or  any  other  last 
lauchfuU  possour  thereof.  '  Neuitheless  to  be  bundin  and  obleist  to  oure 
Souerane  Lord  and  his  said  regent  that  we  sail  na  vvayis  use  the  said  gift  of 
nonentries  bot  be  awise  and  contentment  of  his  hienes  and  his  said  Regent,' 
otherwise  the  said  gift  salbe  of  nane  avale,  force,  or  effect. — Record  of  Secret 

"  1574.  Dec.  28.  Charter  by  Dougall  M'^Gregour  Chancellor  of  Lesmoir  to 
Patrick  Campbell  of  the  four  merk  land  Auchnacroftie  dated  at  Balloch. — 
Register  Decreets  of  Court  of  Session. 

"1575.  Nov.  9.  Precept  for  Royal  Charter  of  Confirmation  of  Feu  Charter 
'per  Dougallum  cancellarium  Lesmoren'  to  Patrick  Campbell  3d  son  of 
Glenurquhay  with  consent  of  'glenurchie.' 

"  1574.     '  Dougal  Makgregour  reidare-  at  Fortingill.' 

Duncan  Makgregor  reidare  at  Killin  and  Strathfillan. 

"  1575-6-  March  24.  Gregor  M'^Dougall  alias  M*^Gregour  presented  to  the  office 
of  reidare  in  the  Church  of  Moulin. 

"1576.  Johnne  Clerk  als  M'^Grregour  Reidare  at  Ardewnane.  Dougall 
MakGregour  reidare  at  Forthergill. — Register  of  Assignations  for  the 
stipends  of  Ministers;  1574.     Advocates'  Library. 

"1575.  June  25.  Advocatis  against  M'^Gregor  and  others,  George  M'^Gregour 
alias  Johnstoun,  Johne  and  George  M'^Gregor  his  sones,  Duncan  M'^Gregor 
&  Burgesses  of  Perth  to  have  broken  Lawborrowis.^  delayed  till  15  Jan. 

"  1576-  June  2.     Charter  and  infeftment  given  to  Gregour  M'^Gregour  alias 

^  Sir  Alexander  Menzies  had  neglected  to  be  properly  "  retoured  heir"  to  the  lands  of  Loch 
Tay,  &c.,  on  the  death  of  his  father,  Sir  Robert.  No  question  on  the  subject  was  raised  till  in 
1574,  sometime  after  the  succession  of  the  next  heir,  James  Menzies,  when  Glenurchy  obcained  this 
"  disposition  "  of  the  properties  mentioned. — Explanation  taken  from  the  "  Red  and  White  Book  of 

2  Reader. 

'  Letters  under  the  signet  binding  persons  to  keep  the  peace. 

i58i]  Entries  from  Chartulary  171 

Johnstoune,  burgis  of  Perth,  by  Dene  Adam  Forman  Prior  of  the  Charter- 
house of  Perth,  is  rescinded  by  the  Court  of  session  in  so  far  as  regards  the 
sunny  half  of  three  quarters  of  St  Leonards.  Lee. — Decreets  of  Court  of 

"  July  3.  Precept  of  Charter  Royal  of  Confirmation  of  Feu  Charter  by 
Adam  Forman  Prior  of  tiie  House  '  Vallis  Virtutis '  (Charter  house)  near 
the  Burgh  of  Perth  to  George  M'^Gregor  alias  Johnestoune,  burgess  of  the 
said  burgh  of  the  forty  shilling  land  of  the  forest  of  Bynzemoir  in  the  barony 
of  Glen  Dochart  and  shire  of  Perth. — Privy  Seal. 
"1576.  Bond  by  Duncan  M'^Gregour  V^Condoquhy  Abrach  and  Patrick 
M'^Gregour  V^Condoquhy  his  brother  to  Colin  Campbell  of  Clenurquhay 
and  his  heirs  giving  them  their  calps." 

This  confirms  the  statement  in  the  "  Baronage "  in  reference  to  the 
reconciliation  for  a  time. 

"1578.  Jan.  30.  Gregor  M'^Gilquhallum  in  Glenlednoch  Gregor  M'^Phatrick 
M'^Condoquhy  yair,  John  Johnestoune  yair,  Patrik  Johnstoune  yair.  pledges 
for  Drummonds. — Record  of  Justiciary. 

"  1580.  July  28.  Precept  of  (royal)  Charter  of  confirmation  of  Feu  Charter  by 
George  Balfour  Commendator  of  the  Priory  of  Charterhouse  of  Perth, 
to  George  Makgregor  alias  Johnestoun  of  the  half  of  the  Charterhouse 

"1578.  March  ii.  and  again  on  the  26.  Oct.  1580  Gregour  M^Ean  Constable 
of  Glenurquhay  witness  to  a  bond. 

"Again  with  the  addition  of  Johne  Makgregor  his  son  1580-81. 

"1581,  May  4.  David  Forrester  of  Logic  ofttymes  callit  to  have  produceit 
our  Soverane  Lordis  lettres  dewlie  execute  aud  endorsit ;  purcheist  be  Ewir 
Campbell  of  Strachur  Forrester  of  Glenfernate  and  our  Souerane  Lordis 
advocat  to  tak  suertie  of  certane  persones  viz  Gregour  M'^Illichallum 
M'^Coule  in  Glengyle,^  M'^Com  beg  M'^Farlane,  Ewin  M'^Condoquhy  Glas 
M^Colchallum  queyelecht,  &  Duncan  M'^Gregour  in  Glen^  brother  to  the 
Laird  of  M'^Gregour,  Allester  Gall  2  M'Gregour  his  brother  &a  &a  to 
compeir  and  underlye  the  law  for  slaughter  of  deir,  liarirt,  (grey  hen)  Hynd, 
da,  ra,  and  other  wild  fowls,  with  culveringis  pistollettis,  handbowes,  within 
the  forest  of  Glenferroch." — Record  of  Justiciary. 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1581  July  26.     Mr  John  Grahame  Justice  Deput  Mr  James  Herring  Provost 
of  Methvene  oft  callit  to  haif  produceit  oure  Soerane  Lordis  lettres  dewlie 
1  Gregor  Dhu,  third  Chieftain  of  the  Dougal  Kier  Family. 
^  Brothers  of  Gregor  Roy  of  Glenstray,  slain  in  1569. 

172  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor        [1580-81 

execute  and  indorsate  purchest  be  Duncane  Stewart,  Mr  James  M'^Wattie 
nerrest  kynnisman  with  ye  remanent  kyn  and  friendis  of  umqule  Duncan 
Stewart  M'^robert  M'^Wattie,  and  ye  Advocat  to  tak  souertie  of  Ewin 
M'^Gregour  tutoure  of  Glenschra,  AUester  M'^Gregour  V^Donichy  V^AUester, 
Johne  Dow  his  brother,  Patrick  Moirwell,  Allester  Pudreauch  M'^Gregour, 
Malcum  MacWolchallum  V^VVill,  Dougall  Denesoune,  David  and  Johne 
Dow  brether,  and  Duncane.  That  they  should  compeir  and  underhe  the 
law  For  airt  and  pairt  of  ye  slaughter  of  ye  said  umqule  Duncan  Stewart 
committed  in  Nov.  last  bypast.  And  nocht  produis  ye  samyn  in  manner 
foursaid  wes  yairfore  amerciat  in  painis  contenit  in  ye  actis  of  Parliament 
viz  for  non  productioun  yrof  upoun  ilkane  of  ye  persouns  abone  writtin  in  ye 
pane  (rest  blank). — Record  of  Justiciary. 
"  1580-1.  19.  Jan.  Holyroodhouse.  Complaint  of  Johne  Makintalgart  in  Bocas- 
tell,  servant  to  James  Commendator  of  Sanct  Colrae,  as  follows  :  On  the  17, 
of  Nov.  last  'Johnne  Drummond  of  Drummondernoch,  Johnne  Makgruder, 
sone  to  James  M'^Gruder  servand  to  the  Lord  Drummond,  Alexander 
Reidoch,  servand  to  the  Lard  of  Cultilbragan,  James  Reiddoch,  servand 
to  William  Reiddoch,  Malcolme  Closach  M'-Grege,  servand  to  the  Lard  of 
Calender,  Allester  M'^Kewin  servand  to  the  Lord  Drummond  and  his  sone, 
and  tailyeour  Makwillie,  houshald  man  to  the  Lard  of  Tullebragane,  with 
utheris  thair  compHces,  come  under  silence  of  nicht  to  the  said  Johnnes 
duelling  hous  of  Bocastell,  and  perforce  rift  spulyit  and  awaytuke  ane 
hundreth  pundis  of  reddie  money  being  in  ane  kist  in  his  said  hous  to  his 
utter  wrak  and  herschip ;  pertening  to  him  and  utheris  nychtbouris,  thre 
mylk  kye  and  all  the  said  Johnnes  insicht  and  plennessing  of  his  said  house, 
to  his  utter  wrak  and  herschip ;  lyke  as  thairafter  thay  pat  violent  handis  on 
the  said  Johnnes  persoun  tuke  him  perforce  with  thame  and  detenis  and 
withaldis  him  in  strait  prisoun  and  captivitie.'  Charge  had  been  given  to 
the  defendants  to  liberate  the  complainers  within  twenty-four  hours  under 
pain  of  rebellion,  or  else  to  appear  before  the  Council  presenting  him  or 
shewing  cause  to  the  contrary,  and  now  '  the  said  Johnne  Makintalgart  com- 
perand  be  the  said  James  Commendator  of  Sanct  Colme  and  the  defendants 
being  of  tymes  callit  and  not  comperand  '  the  order  is  made  peremptory  that 
thay  present  their  prisoner  before  the  Council  on  the  last  day  of  Jan.  instant 
'  that  ordour  may  be  taken  with  him  as  appertinis,'  under  the  pain  of  horning 
and  escheat." 

The  above,  from  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council,  is  not  quoted  in  the 
"  Chartulary,"  and  only  one  MacGregor  and  the  M'^Grudars  appear  in  it, 
but  it  gives  an  instance  of  the  kind  of  raids  that  were  continually  taking 
place,  and  Drummondernoch  was  himself  of  the  party. 

582]  Proclamation  of  a  Remission  173 

The  following  proclamation  was  made  by  the  Government : — 

"  1582.  The  King  had  '  laitlie  appointed  ane  Court  of  justiciary  to  be  halden 
in  the  Burgh  of  Perth  for  administratioun  of  justice  to  all  compliners,  and 
appointit  alsua  certane  personis  of  gude  knavvlege  and  experience  to  com- 
pone  for  remissionis  to  sic  as  wer  not  able  to  underly  the  rigours  of  the 
justice'  but  having  been  informed  'that  the  inhabitantis  of  the  Highlandis 
and  Brayis  within  this  Schirefdoume,  throw  the  lang  troubles  that  wes  amang 
thame  during  the  disobedience  of  the  Clangregour  and  utheris  broken  men 
of  the  far  Hielandis  culd  not  weill  abyde  his  Hienes  lawes,  na  criminal 
justice  in  effect,  being  halden  heir  thir  29  yeris  bygane,'  he  had  'con- 
descendit  thairfoir  to  grant  thame  mercy  and  pardon  for  thair  bygane 
offenssis,  to  the  effect  that  they  comperand  and  being  persewit  be  the 
compliners,  suld  find  gud  secur  suritie  to  satisfie  the  parties  offendid  and 
to  abstain  from  the  lyke  offenssis  in  tyme  cuming.'  Notwithstanding  this 
act  of  grace  '  little  special  dittay  hes  been  givin  up,  and  nane  or  verie  few 
complenaris  hes  offerit  thame  to  persew  the  personis  enterit  on  pannell  sen 
the  begyning  of  this  present  justice  Court,  how  sa  evir  now  thay  murmour 
that  thay  be  not  redres  of  thair  skaith  sustenit.'  Now  accordingly  '  to  the 
effect  that  thay  may  ressave  justice  and  guid  redres  and  satisfactioun  of  thair 
saidis  skaithis  bygane,  and  that  the  personis,  offenders,  for  feir  of  thair  lyfifis 
and  in  default  of  pardoun,  sail  not  lie  out  and  continue  in  thair  former  evil 
doingis  to  thair  utter  wrak  and  utter  distructioun,'  it  is  ordered  that  pro- 
clamation be  made  by  a  herald  macer,  or  other  officer  of  arms,  at  the  market 
cross  of  Perth  and  elsewhere,  '  to  command  and  charge  all  and  quhatsumevir 
personis  compliners  quhilkis  hed  ony  special  complaintes  and  dittayes  upoun 
personis  already  arreistt  to  this  present  court  of  Justiciar  that  thay  present 
and  gif  in  the  same  to  the  justice  clerk  or  his  deputis  with  diUgence,  and  be 
reddie  to  follow  thai  complaintis  and  to  cause  summond  ane  assise  aganis 
the  personis  offendouris  in  cais  thay  sail  offer  thaymeselfiis  to  enter  on 
pannel  in  this  burgh  ay  ony  tyme  betuix  .  .  .  and  the  i  day  of  August  nix 
to  cum,  or  in  Streviling  befoir  the  fyftene  day  of  the  same  month,  quhair  his 
Majestic  hes  willit  thame  to  be  ressavit  in  cais  thay  offer  thameselfils  to  enter 
betuix  .  .  .  and  the  same  said  day,  and  als  hes  ordainit  my  Lord  Thesaurar 
and  utheis  compositouris  to  grant  componitur  for  remissioun  to  all  maner  of 
personis  inhabitants  of  the  saidis  Brayis  and  Hielandis  within  this  schiref- 
dome,  for  all  offenssis  and  crymes  committit  be  thame  in  tymes  bygane,  thay 
comperand  in  judgement  and  findand  gude  suretie  for  satisfactioun  of  the 
parties  offendit  unto  and  to  abstain  and  forbear  from  like  offences  and  crymes 
in  tymes  cuming." — Register  of  the  Privy  Council. 

174  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

It  must  be  confessed  that  this  reads  as  a  very  fair  and  merciful  ordin- 
ance, but  doubtless  the  deep  sense  of  injury  on  the  part  of  the  Clan,  the 
want  of  space,  and  means  of  livelihood,  with  the  numerous  temptations  of 
habit  and  of  the  exciting  times,  forced  on  the  more  pacific  spirits  to  renewed 
troubles  at  whatever  cost. 

From  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1582.  May  20.  Precept  &a  of  the  feu  ferme  of  the  half  land  of  Innerzeldies 
to  Patrick  Makgregour  alias  Duncane  Donaldsoune  {i.e.  son  of  Duncan  and 
Grandson  of  Donald)  in  Innerzeldies  and  Grizelda  Murray  his  spouse  and  to 
the  longest  liver  in  liferent,  and  to  Gregor  M'^Gregor  son  and  apparent  heir 
of  the  said  Patrick  and  to  the  heirs  male  and  assigneys  of  the  said  Gregor. 
Dated  at  Halyrud  Hous. — Privy  Seal. 

"  1582.  July.  Item  to  ane  boy  passand  of  Perth  with  clois  Ires  (letters)  to  the 
Lord  Drummond,  lairds  of  Buchquhaane,  Knockhill,  tutour  of  Menteith, 
William  Rudoch  M'^Gregour  and  Harie  Schaw  of  Camusmoir. — High 
Treasurer's  books. 

"  1582-3.  Jan.  8.  Anent  the  actioun  and  cause  persewit  be  Merline  M'^Chewit 
seruand  to  Donald  Robertson  of  Murligane  Ewin  oig  in  Rannoch,  «S:a  aganis 
Gregour  M'^Gillichallum  in  Glenlyoun  and  Neill  M'^Gregour  M'^Gillechallum 
his  sone  tuching  the  spoiliatioun  fra  the  saidis  personis  of  sindrie  gudis  and 
geir  (Defenders  do  not  appear)." — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth, 

From  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  : — 

"Colene   Campbell   6th    Laird   of  Glenurquhay ob    1583.    aged   84. 

Memorandum  He  was  ane  great  justiciar  all  his  tyme  throch  the  quhilk  he 
susteinit  thee  deidlie  feid  of  the  Clangregour  ane  lang  space.  And  besydis 
that  he  caused  executt  to  the  death  money  notable  lymnaris,  he  beheiddit 
the  laird  off  M'^Gregour  himseff  at  Kandmoir  in  presens  of  the  Erie  of  Atholl, 
the  justice  clerk  and  sindrie  other  nobillmen. 

"  Notwithstanding  his  tyranny  his  son  and  successor  proved  a  still  worse 
foe  to  us. 

"1583.  May  15.  Ane  letter  maid  to  James  Lord  Doune  his  aires  &:a  of  the 
escheit  quhilk  pertenit  of  befoir  to  Duncan  Bane  M'^Robb  alias  M'^Gregour 
in  Craigrostane  and  now  pertaining  to  our  soverane  Lord  through  being  of 
the  said  Duncane  Bayne  M'^Robb  alias  M'^Gregoure,  denounced  his  Maiesties 
rebell  and  put  to  the  home,  at  the  instance  of  Lord  Doune  from  whom  he 
had  stolen  'a  quhyt  meir  and  ane  foill  and  ane  mirkgrey  meir.'  Same  date 
at  Perth,  assisa :  In  a  retour  of  John  Murray  afterwards  ist  Earl  of  Tulli 
bardine,  one  of  the  persons  quoted  is  George  M'^Gregoure  alias  Johnestoune 

585]  Sundry  Entries  175 

elder  burges  of  Perth.     He  is  named  as  an  arbiter  for  Edward  Pitscottie 

apparent  of  Luncarty  Nov.  8.  same  year. 
"1583-4.  Feb.  5.     Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Robert  Menzies  of  Comrie 

aganis  Gregour  V^Hutcheon  in  Culdar  and  Finlay  M'^Condoquhy  V^Coneilglas 

ther  tuching  the  allegit  wrangous  detening  and  withalding  of  the  profeittis  of 

their  ky.— Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 
"  1584.  April  8.    Anent  the  actioun  and  caus  persewit  be  James  Menzies  of  that 

Ilk  heritour  of  the  landis  underwritten  aganis  Duncan  M'^Gregour  eldest  sone 

to  umqule  Johne  cam  M'^condoquhie  tuching  the  violent  profeittis  of  the 

fourtie  schilling  land  of  Rorow  with  the  pertinentis  Hbellit,  acclamit  &a. 
"  1584.  May  20.     Bond  by  Dougall  Deneson  M'^Gregor  to  Duncane  Campbell 

of  Glenurquhay  and  his  heirs  giving  them  his  Calp  signed  at  Ilanran  before 

witness,  Duncan  Abrach  M'^Gregor." 
"  1584.  June  30.    Cause  aganis  Duncan  M'^Gregoure  at  the  instance  of  Menzies 

of  that  Ilk,  Delayed  till  25.  July.     No  farther  mention  in  the  Sheriff  Books 

of  Perth. 

From  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1584-5.  Mention  of  Johne  M'^Gregor  as  one  of  the  executors  to  the  late  Colene 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhay. 

"  1584-5.  Jan.  Charge  on  the  Laird  of  Buchanane  and  utheris  For  samekle 
as  the  King's  Majesty  and  Lords  of  his  Pryvy  Council  are  creditably  informed 
that  his  good  and  peaceable  subjects  inhabiting  the  countries  of  the  Lennox, 
Menteith,  Struilingschyre,  and  Stratherne  are  heavily  oppressed  by  reif, 
stouth,  sorning,  and  other  crimes,  dayly  and  nightly  used  upon  them  by 
certain  thieves,  lymmers,  and  sorners  lately  broke  loose  upon  them  furth  of 
the  braes  of  the  countries  next  adjacent,  to  the  heavy  trouble  of  his  high- 
ness's  good  subjects,  foresaid,  and  to  the  high  contempt  of  his  Highness 
authority  and  laws,  if  timeous  remeid  be  not  provided,  therefore  ordain 
letters,  to  be  directed  charging  George  Buchanane  of  that  Ilk,  Andro 
M'^farlane  of  the  Arroquair  .  .  .  Colquhoun  of  Luss  &a  here  follows  a  string 
of  names  of  Lairds  including  the  name  of  Ewin  M'^Gregor  tutor  of  Glenstray, 
....  To  compeir  before  his  Majesty  and  Lords  of  his  Privy  Council  at 
Haliruidhous,  or  quhair  it  sail  happin  him  to  be  for  the  time,  the  28  day  of 
Jan.  instant  to  answer  to  such  things  as  shall  be  inquired  of  them  &a. 

"1585.  Oct.  4.  Item  to  ane  boy  passand  with  clois  Ires  of  Striveling  to  the 
Earle  of  Athoill,  the  Lord  Drummond,  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay,  M*^Gregour, 
and  with  Ires  to  be  proclamit  at  Perth  for  ye  airmyie  to  be  convenit  at 
Crufurd  the  22  day  of  Oct." — Lord  High  Treasurer's  Books. 

176  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1586 

The  object  of  assembling  this  army  was  to  resist  those  of  the  Scottish 
lords  who  had  the  previous  year  been  exiled  forth  of  the  Kingdom  for 
seizing  the  King's  person  at  Ruthven,  1582,  and  whose  plots  the  English 
Queen,  having  given  them  an  asylum  in  England,  was  regarded  as 

Three  Bonds  with  Glenurquhay  follow  in  point  of  date.  "  Black  Book 
of  Taymouth." 

"  1585.  June  25.    Bond  of  friendship  by  Johnne  Earl  of  AthoU  Lord  of  Balvany, 

to  his  cousin  and  Brother-in-law  Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay 

That  if  the  said  James  Menzies  (of  that  Ilk)  should  pursue  the  said  Duncane 
Campbell  or  be  pursued  by  him,  he  would  assist  the  said  Duncane  Campbell 
with  his  whole  force ;  and  that  he  should  give  the  like  assistance  against  the 
Clangregour  if  they  should  render  aid  to  the  said  James  Menzies. 

"  1585-  July  5.  at  Balloch.  Bond  of  Gregour  Makconaquhie  V^Gregor  in  Roro, 
Alester  ^rEwin  V^Conaquhie  there,  Gregour  Makolchallum  in  Inverbar  in 
Glenlyoun,  Duncane  Makgregour  his  sone  in  Killdie,  and  Williame  Mac- 
gregour  son  to  the  said  Gregour  there,  to  Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay 
showing  that  their  forebears  had  granted  the  like  bond  to  the  deceased 
Coleine  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay,  and  obliging  themselves,  if  it  should 
happen  that  Makgregour  by  himself  or  his  accomplices  should  break  upon 
the  said  Duncane  or  his  heirs  their  lands,  tennants,  and  possessions,  to 
renounce  him  as  their  Chief  and  to  take  part  with  the  said  Duncane  against 

"1585.  Aug.  3.  Gillemorie  Makillevollich  grants  to  Duncane  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhay  and  his  heirs  'a  bairn's  part  of  his  geir  because  the  said 
Duncane  has  promised  to  trauel  to  dress  (have  recourse  to,  treat  with)  with 

the   Earl  of  Atholl  and  friendis  of  umquhile slain  by  the  said 

Gillemorie  Makillevollich  upone  suddantie.'  Duncane  M'^Illevollycht 
brother  of  the  said  Gillemorie,  Johne  Makgregoure  lawful  sone  to  Gregour 
M'^Ean  Constable  of  Glenurquhay  and  Duncan  Makpatrik  Vekolchallum 
witnesses  at  lianran." 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1586.  June  15.  Anent  the  actioun  and  cause  persewit  be  William  Redheugh 
of  Meigour  aganis  Johne  Comrie  of  that  Ilk,  .  .  .  three  other  Comries,  and 
Patrik  M'^Vallycht  alias  M'^Gregour  in  Comrie,  tuching  the  allegit  wrangous 
spoliation  be  thame,  ther  seruandis  and  complices  fra  the  said  William 
Ridheugh  of  ewes  and  sindrie  jowellis,  gold,  silver,  insight  plenishing, 
soumes  of  money,  guidis  and  geir,  furth  of  his  dwelling-house  of  Garterlume 

1586]  Letters  of  Horning  177 

within  the  sheriffdom  of  Perth,  (Defendants  do  not  appear ;  2d  July  instant 
appointed  for  the  farther  hearing  of  the  cause.) — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth,  in 
which  however  there  is  no  farther  notice  of  this  cause. 
"1586.  Aug.  8.  Letters  of  Horning  recorded  at  Perth,  at  the  instance  of 
Allane  Stewart  in  Stuikis,  Johne  Drummond  in  Drummenerinoche,  WiUiam 
Grahame,  fear  of  Callander  and  Patrik  Grahame  of  Inchbrakie  "  against 

*i  "  Gregor^  M'^Gregour  of  Glenscheroche,  (Allaster  of  Glenstray). 

2  Ewin  MacGregor,  Tutour  thairof,  (uncle  to  Allaster  the  young  Chief). 

3  Allester  Gauld,  his  brother,  (under  Earl  of  Argyle). 

4  Allester  pudrech   MacGregor  (from   Balquhidder  'huidder'^)  under 

the  Laird  of  Weyme. 

5  Dougall  sone,  (Dougall  Denistoun,  i.e.  Dean's  son)  MacGregor. 

6  Donald  MacGregor. 

7  Allester  M'^Condoquhie  M*^ Allester. 

8  Johne  dow   MacGregor  his  brother,   (probably  occupier  of  Camus- 

erachtie  beg  in  Rannoch,  page  165). 

9  Patrik   Duncansoun   MacGregor  in   Innerzaldie.^  (in   Glenleidnoch) 

under  Laird  of  TuUibardine.     The  Ammonachs  were  of  this  family. 

10  Gregor  his  son. 

1 1  Duncan  MacGregor  his  son  in  Port  of  Latherne,  (Lochearn). 

12  Donald  Dow  his  son  in  Megor. 

13  Duncan  Glen  MacGregor  (brother  to  the   Tutour  as  appears  else- 


14  Johne  MacGregor  in  Dundurn. 

15  Duncan  Roy  his  brother. 

16  Johne     Dow     M'^Condoquhey     MacGregor    (brother     of    Allaster 


17  Donald  Dow. 

18  John  Dow  M'^Callum  owir  MacGregor  (M'^ilchallum). 

19  Johne  Moir  MacGregor  in  Callichra,  (M*^ilchallum  owir). 

20  William  M'^Gillchallum  MacGregor  in   Letterling  (M'^ilchallum  ower 


21  Duncane  Bane  MacGregor  in  Stuikinroy,  (Duncan  Bane  M'^Rob  under 

the  Laird  of  Buchannan). 

22  John  M'^Rob  MacGregor  in  Ruchois. 

Those  marked  thus  *  executed  after  Glenfruin. 

1  The  word  umquhile  omitted,  as  Gregor  had  been  killed  in  1 580. 

2  The  term  Puderache  was  applied  to  inhabitants  of  Balquhidder,  and  a  stone  near  the  church 
is  still  extant  under  this  name.  It  was  a  test  of  strength  for  young  men,  who  had  to  lift  it  on  to 
another  stone. 

^  See  List  1565,  page  144. 


178  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1586 

23  Gregor  M'^Rob  MacGregor  in  Comer. 

24  Galium  Moir  MacGregor  (M'^Rob)  in  Knockheilt. 

25  Galium  Dow  (M'^Rob)  his  brother. 

26  Robert  Roy  (M'^Rob)  his  brother  in  Comer. 

27  John  Dow  M'^Rob  their  brother  (alsua). 

28  Allester  M'^Coule  M'^Illvirum  MacGregor  in  Dessour  (or  Dischoir  from 

Deasach  the  side  of  Loch  Tay  facing  south). 
*29  Malcum  M'^Coulquheir  (M'^Dougal  Keir)  in  Innerlochie^  (Balquhidder) 
under  the  Laird  of  TuUibardine. 

30  Duncane  M'^Culquheir  MacGregor  in  Drummilliche,  son  of  Malcolm 

the  2d  Chieftain  of  their  House. 

31  John  M'^Coulquheir  MacGregor  thair,  brother  of  above. 

32  Dougall  M'^Culquheir  MacGregor  in  Glengyle,  another  brother  under 

the  Laird  of  Buchannan. 

33  Gregour  M'^Culquheir  MacGregor  in  Keylecter  (Caoletter). 

34  Patrik    M'^Culquheir    in    Strathyre   (Strachur),   another    brother    of 

Duncan  in  Drummilliche. 

35  Finlay  keir  M^Culquheir  MacGregor  in  Culgart. 

36  Allester  MacGregor  (M'^eanduy)  in  Strathphillane. 

37  John  dow  M*^ William  M'^ilchallum  MacGregor. 

38  Patrik  MacGregor  in  Cadern,  (Cadderine — known  as  'our'  youngest 

Brother  of  the  Tutor.) 

39  Duncan  (M'^Condochy)  Cleroch  (clerk)  MacGregor. 

*4o  Gregour  craginche  MacGregor  (or  in  Craiginshache  spelt  in  several 
ways)  (Craigan). 

41  Donald  our  (odhar,  dun  or  sallow)  M'^Inleith  (M'^illich). 

42  Duncan  M'^Condoquhie  (or  M'^ewin)  M'^Condoquhy. 

43  Allester  his  brother. 

44  John  MacGregor  in  Schadowne. 

45  (Ewin  MacGregor  Jamesoun  in  Scaderin). 

46  Gregour  M'^Condoquhy  in  Roro  (under  the  Laird  of  Weyme)  Head  of 

House  of  Roro. 

47  Galium  croy  MacGregor  in  Candrochie. 

48  Malcum  glas  (pale  or  grey)  MacGregor  in  Kynaltie. 

49  William  (M'^ilchallum)  MacGregor  thair. 

50  Duncane  (M'^ilchallum)  MacGregor  thair. 

51  Allester  MacGregor  in  Fernan,  (Loch  Tay)     j  ^^^^^  ^^^^^  ^^ 

52  WiUiame  (M'^Williame  McNeill)  MacGregor     ^    g^^^^^^  (Robertson). 

thair       .....    j  ^  ' 

53  Gregor  (M'^Hucheon)  MacGregor  in  Calder. 

1  Ancestor  of  Innerarderan.  Those  marked  thus  *  executed  after  Glenfruin. 

1586]  Letters  of  Horning  179 

54  Finla  (M'^condoquhy  glas)  MacGregor  thair. 
*55  Duncan  (M'^allester  vreac)  MacGregor  in  Lagfernan  (or  Langfernan). 

56  Galium  MacGregor  M'^Neill. 

57  Neill  his  brother. 

58  John  Dow  his  brother. 

59  John  Dow  (M'^condoquhy)  cleroche  MacGregor. 

60  Malcum  (bane)  MacGregor  N'^Neill  in  Rannoch. 

61  Dougal  his  broder  in  Roro. 

62  Donald  gorme  M'^inleiche  in  Rannoch. 

63  Gregor  M'^illechallum  (M'^eanmoyle)  in  Innervar  (in  Glenlyon)  under 

the  Laird  of  Glenlyon. 

64  Neill  dow  his  son. 

65  Gregor  M'^Condoquhy  (in  Roro),  (repetition  of  No.  46). 

66  Galium  dow  his  brother  in  Glenlochy. 

67  John  Mauloch  (or  Manloche)  thair  brother. 

68  Gregor  M'^ilchallum  in  Comrie,  (in  the  District  of  Auchmore  in  the 

Barony  of  Weem). 

69  Duncan  oig  M'^eanduy  MacGregor  in  Glenlochy,  )  Under  the  Laird  of 

70  Duncan  our  M'^eanduy  thair,       .  .  .  j  Lawers. 

71  John  dow  M'^condoquhy  MacGregor  in  Roro. 

72  Robert   beg   Clerich   MacGregor  (or   M'^Robert   earlich,  'Tearlach' 


73  Duncan  MacGregor  in  TuUichewne. 

74  Duncan  MacGregor  M'^Williame. 

75  Galium  MacGregor  M'^Williame  in  Rannoch,  (Kinlachar)  under  Laird 

of  Weyme. 

76  Duncan  MacGregor  M'^Williame  his  brother. 

77  Galium  M'^Connel  M'^eane  MacGregor. 

78  John  dow  (M'^challum)  in  Rannoch. 

79  Galium  MacGregor  M'^William  his  brother  thair. 

80  Allester  M'^innes  (M'^eane)  MacGregor  in  Rannoch. 

81  Gregor  M'^Neill  MacGregor  in  Candrochth  (Candrochitmerk). 

82  John    MacGregor    his    sone    in   Ardquhillarie,    (Loch    Lubnaig    or 

Ardchoille  ?). 

83  Ewin  MacGregor  his  brother. 

84  Allester  MacGregor  his  brother  alsua. 

85  Allester  M'^Robert  (moir)  MacGregor  in  Strathyre  and  his  sons. 

86  Walter  M'^Alpie  in  Lingrathletterling  (M*^ Alpine  in  Lurg  at  Letterlung). 

87  Robert  M'^Alpie  (M*^ Alpine)  his  son  in  Duchois,  (Ruchoiss). 

88  Murdo  M'^Alpie  (Murdoch  M'= Alpine)  his  brother. 

Those  marked  thus  *  executed  after  Glenfruin. 

i8o  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1587 

89  John  Bane  M'^illechallum  glas  MacGregor  in  Rannoch. 

90  Gregor  ger  (often  gar  from  gearr,  short)  his  brother. 

91  John  ArNeill  (or  invill)  his  brother  also. 

92  Gregor  cam  (bUnd  of  an  eye)  thair  brother's  sone. 

93  Dougall  Danesoun  (Denesoun)  MacGregor. 

94  Donald  Denisoun  his  brother's  son. 

95  Dougall  Jamesoun  MacGregor. 

96  William  his  brother. 

97  Gregour  M'-neill  (M'^eanmoyle  in  Bofrak). 

98  Gregour  M'^Neill  M'^Inwalliche  in  Ardewinch,  (Ardewnaig). 

99  Ewin  M'^eanvalliche  thair. 

100  Galium  M'^Condoquhy  Vreak  MacGregor. 
loi  John  his  brother  and 

102  Gregor  his  brother. 

103  John  M'^Conneill  M'^inlay  in  Glenscheray,  (Glenstray). 

104  NicoU  M'^Gowne  in  Achtervich.' 

for  different  acts  of  theft,  from  the  complainers. — Register  of  Hornings 
Perth,  in  General  Register  House,  Edinburgh. 
"1586  Sep.  15.  They  are  released  from  the  horn  till  13,  Oct." 

1586.  Aug.  13.  On  this  date  the  Earl  of  Montrose  gets  the  escheit  of 
Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glenscherache,  Glenstray,  the  word  umquhile  having 
been  omitted  by  error  before  his  name,  and  of  all  those  mentioned  in  the 
preceding  list,  the  names  being  repeated. 

The  two  lists  ^  have  been  collated  in  the  "  Chartulary,"  and  again 
very  carefully  by  the  present  compiler,  and  names  occurring  only  in  the 
second  list,  or  other  supplementary  information  taken  from  other  lists,  &c., 
are  added  in  brackets. 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1587.  May  31.  Duncane  Bayn  M'^Gregour  in  Craigrostan  and  Duncane 
M'^illechallum  M'^Gregor  in  Boquidder  are  mentioned  along  with  a  number 
of  Grahams  and  Buchanans. — Record  of  Justiciary. 

"June  28.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhie 
and  William  Moncreiff  of  that  Ilk,  aganis  Gregor  M'^Hutcheon  in  Culdar 

1  To  the  ordinary  reader  these  lists  repeated  on  several  occasions,  must  seem  dull  and  dry  but 
to  the  student  of  the  Clan's  history  they  are  full  of  interest,  as  making  mention  of  individuals  of  the 
various  families  known  to  have  existed. 

1588]  Sundry  Actions  181 

tuiching  thair  releiff  of  the  soume  of  fyve  hundretht  merkis  at  the  hendis  of 
ane  nobill  lord  francis  Erie  of  Erroll.  (defender  does  not  appear;)  July  12. 
assigned  for  a  further  hearing  of  the  case. 

"July  I.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  James  Campbell  of  Laweris  taxman 
of  the  landis  underwritten,  againis  Duncan  M'^gregour,  Dougal  M'^Gregour 
his  sone,  Gregour  M'^Cainroy,  and  Malcom  M'^inroy  his  brother,  zoung 
Duncan  M'^indowie  and  Gregour  beg  M'^gregour  pretentit  occupiars  of  merk 
land  of  Duncrosk  mylne  and  mylne  landis  therof  witht  the  pertinentis  lyand 
within  Glenlochy  and  shrefdom  of  perth.  Tuching  the  removal  of  thame. 
(Defenders  not  appearing  are  decerned  to  remove,  una  cum  expensis,  salua 
taxatione  judices.) 

"July  5.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Gregoure  M'^hutcheoune  in  Culdar 
aganis  Duncan  M'^Kewin  M'^Condochie  in  Croftgarrow  and  Allester 
M'^Gregour  clerich  in  Croftlevin  Tuiching  his  relieff  of  cautionrie  lybellit 
speciallie  anent  the  soume  of  money  of  fyve  hundretht  merkis  acclaimit. 
(Defender  absent.)" 

The  above  three  cases  are  quoted  from  the  Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

"Dec.  12.  same  year  Ewin  M'^Gregour  Tutour  of  Glenschew  witness  to  a 
contract  between  commissioners  of  the  Earl  of  Huntly  and  the  assigny  of 
Margaret  Douglas  Countess  of  Menteith. — Record  of  Deeds  Edinburgh. 

"1587-8.  Feb.  19.  Contract  betwixt  Walter  Cunningham  and  Archibald 
M'^Gregour  in  Dunfin,  heir  to  umquhile  John  M'^Gregour  piper,  indueller 
within  the  Burgh  of  Edinburgh. 

"Feb.  29.  Contract  between  Archibald  M'^Gregour  in  Little  Drumfing,  and 
Walter  Cunningham  recorded  in  the  Books  of  Council  and  Session  i  March 
following. — Privy  Seal. 

"Feb.  14.  Anent  the  actioun  of  transferens  persewit  be  Johne  Campbell  of 
Laweris  aganis  Marion  M'^Gregour  relict  executrix  and  succeedant  in  the 
of  umquhile  M'^inroy  her  spous. 

"Feb.  24.     Marion  M'^Gregour  decerned  to  flit. 

"  1588.  July  6.  Duncan  M'^Gregour  (resident  in  Perth)  a  juror  in  an  inquest 
of  Marion  M'^Ewin  as  heiress  of  several  lands  in  the  Barony  of  Strowan  in 

"July  6.  Anent  the  actioun  and  cause  persewit  be  Donald  Robertson  of 
Strowan  aganis  (amongst  others)  Allester  Pudrach  alias  MacGregour 
pretendit  occupiar  of  part  of  the  landis  of  Innercharney,  William  Neill 
Vic  Ewin  pretentit  occupiar  of  ane  pairt  of  the  bordlandis  and  haif  of  the 
mylnne  of  Ferny,  Allester  M'^Gregour  clerych  pretentit  occupiar  of  the 
landis  of  Croftualzen,  lying  within  the  barony  of  Strowan.  anent  the 
removing  of  them  from  the  lands. — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

1 82  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1590 

"July  7.  Anent  the  action  of  removing  persewit  be  John  Schaw  heritable 
proprietor  of  the  toun  and  lands  underwritten  aganis  Patrik  M'^Gregour 
alias  galliocht  (Alech  or  Aulich,  i.e.  Atholl)  pretentit  occupiar  of  the  toun 
and  lands  of  Corriechrombie,  with  the  pertinentis,  tuyching  the  removing  of 
him.  (Defender  not  appearing  is  decerned  to  remove.) — Sheriff  Books  of 

"  1588-9.  Feb.  21.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Robert  Menzies  of  Comrie 
takisraan  of  the  landis  underwritten  aganis  Gregour  M'^Neill  VicEwin,  Donald 
M^Achon  (Hutcheon?)  and  Donald  M'^ewin  roy  in  Wester  Kynnaldie  anent 
the  removing  of  them  fra  the  landis.  (Defenders  not  appearing  are  decerned 
to  remove.) — Perth. 

"  1589  July  4.  The  Bishop  of  the  Isles  a  procurator  in  the  Court  of  Session 
of  Patrik  M'^Gregour  in  Mekle  Caddirly  and  John  our  M'^Phadeun. — Reg.  of 

"July  16.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  James  Commendator  of  Inchaffray 
aganis  Duncan  M'^Pharik  alias  M'^Gregour,  Neyne  Phatrik  Stewart  relict  of 
umquhile  James  Stewart,  Duncan  M'^Vallich,  Duncan  slaoch  M'^Gregour 
anent  the  removing  fra  the  landis  (apparently  in  Balquhidder).  Decerned  to 

"Aug.  13.  Anent  the  action  persewit  be  Donald  Robertson  of  Strowan  aganis 
Duncan  M'^Allester  VAllester  VGregour,  Marion  Stewart,  Donald  M'^Con- 
doquhy,  Findley  M'^AUester,  Allester  Jamesoun  and  Donald  Jamesoun  and 
M^Allester  Jamesoun  and  the  removing  of  them.     Decerned  to  flit. 

"August  20.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Donald  Robersoun  of  Strowan 
lyfrenter  of  the  landis  underwritten  aganis  Neill  M'^Condoquhy  and  John 
bean  Vichallum  V^ewin  V^Gregour  pretentit  occupiars  of  the  lands  of  Mid- 
fernay." — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

The    following    traditionary    tale    is    taken    from     the    "  Lairds    of 
Glenlyon"^: — 

"  1590.  Colin  the  3d  of  the  Campbell  Lairds  of  Glenlyon,  had  married  (2dly) 
a  sister  of  the  Laird  of  Lawers  who  was  very  active  in  persecuting  the  Clan- 
Gregor.  Colin  was  invited  to  join  his  relative  in  this  oppression  but  he 
declined,  and  'threatened  death  to  any  who  injured  a  MacGregor  within  his 
bounds.'  To  mark  his  contempt  he  invited  all  the  MacGregors  in  his 
neighbourhood  to  a  great  feast  that  he  prepared  for  them.  But  there  was 
a  traitor  in  the  camp  :  his  wife  had  sent  secret  information  to  her  brother 
Lawers  and  pointed  out  how,  at  one  fell  swoop,  he  could  destroy  so  many 

^  By  Mr  Duncan  Campbell,  formerly  of  Fortingal  and  now  of  Inverness.     Privately  printed  for 
Sir  Donald  Currie  of  Garth  and  Glenlyon. 

Traditionary  Tale  183 

enemies.  As  dinner  was  not  served  up  as  soon  as  Colin  wished  it,  he  sent 
his  henchman  to  ask  the  cause  of  the  delay.  The  lady  forgetting  herself 
replied  quickly  :  *  I  expect  my  brother.'  The  reply  was  announced  in  the 
hallj  and  the  M'^Gregors,  thinking  they  had  been  entrapped,  rushed  out, 
deaf  to  all  Colin  could  say.  It  was  time :  Lawers  was  crossing  the  ford 
below  the  Castle,  before  they  gained  the  hill  side.  Colin  was  disgraced  on 
his  own  hearth  by  his  nearest  friends." 


Chapter    XVII 

General    Band 

AT  this  time  the  troubles  in  the  Highlands,  and  also  on  the  Borders^ 
becoming  source  of  disturbance  to  the  nation  and  a  constant 
anxiety  to  the  Government,  very  stringent  enactments  were  made,  and, 
as  they  bore  heavily  on  the  future  misfortunes  of  the  Clan,  it  is  desirable 
to  quote  them  in  full. 

"Acts  of  Scottish  Parliament     King  James  VI  Julij  1587. 

(Known  as  The  General  Band) 

Caution  suld  be  found  for  Land-lords  and  utheris. 

"  THAT  ALL  Landis-lordis  and  Baillies  of  the  landes,  on  the  Bordours  and  in 
the  Hie-landes,  quhair  broken  men  hes  dwelt,  or  presently  dwellis,  contained  in  ane 
Roll,  ratified  in  the  end  of  this  present  Act  of  Parliament,  sail  be  charged  to  finde 
sufficient  Caution  and  sovertie  (surety)  Landed-men  in  the  In-country,  to  the 
contentment  of  our  Soveraine  Lord,  and  his  privy  Councill  Betwixt  ....  and  the 
first  day  of  October,  nixt  to  cum ;  Or  within  fifteen  days  after  the  charge,  upon 
conditiouns  following,  under  the  paine  of  rebellion ;  And  gif  they  failzie,  the  said 
day  being  by-past,  to  put  them  to  the  Home ;  that  is  to  say,  gif  ony  of  their  men, 
tennentes,  servandes,  and  indwellers  upon  their  landes,  rowmes,  steadingses  and 
possessiones,  or  within  their  Baillieries,  committis  ony  maisterful  reife  thieft,  or 
receipt  of  thieft,  depredationes,  open  and  avowed  fire-rasing,  upon  deadlie  feeds 
(feuds)  protected  and  mainteined  be  their  Maisters ;  That  the  Landis-lordes,  and 
Baillies,  upon  quhais  Landes  and  in  quhais  jurisdiction  they  dwell  sail  bring  and 
present  the  persons  compleined  upon  before  Our  Soveraine  Lordis  Justice,  or  his 
deputes  to  abide  tryall,  and  underlye  the  law  for  the  same,  upon  fifteen  dayes 
warning,  to  be  maid  them  lauchfully ;  and  failzeing  therof,  that  the  saidis  Landis- 
lordes  and  Baillies  be  debt-bound,  to  satisfie  the  party  skaithed,  and  to  refound, 
content  and  pay  to  them  their  heirschippes  and  skaithes  of  their  awin  proper 
guddes  and  landes,  according  to  the  availl  and  quantity  tane  fra  the  compleiners, 

1587]  The  General  Band  185 

quhilk  sail  be  modified  be  aith  of  the  parties  hurt,  ather  before  the  Lordes  of 
Councell  and  Session,  or  the  Justice,  and  his  deputes,  quhair  upon  execution  sail 
passe,  baith  against  the  principalis  and  soverties,  in  forme  as  effeiris.  Providing 
alwaies,  that  the  landis-lordes.  quha  hes  ther  landes  lyand  in  far  Hie-landes  or 
Bordours,  they  making  residence  themselves  in  the  Inlands,  and  their  tennentes, 
and  inhabitantes  of  their  landes,  being  of  Clannes,  or  dependars  on  Chieftaines, 
and  Captaines  of  the  Clannes,  quhom  the  Landis-lordis  ar  na  waies  able  to 
command,  but  only  gettes  their  mailles  of  them,  and  na  uther  service  nor  obedience 
sail  na  wayes  be  subject  to  this  Act,  but  in  the  manner  following,  viz  They  sail 
be  halden  to  direct  their  Precepts  of  warning,  obtenine  decretes  against  their 
Tennentis,  and  immediately  after  their  denunciation,  that  the  saides  Landes- 
lordes,  raise  letters,  be  delivrance  of  the  secreit  Councell,  and  charge  the  Chieftaines 
and  Captaines  of  the  Clannes,  on  quhom  their  tennentis  dependis  and  obeyes,  to 
take  and  apprehend  the  disobedient  tennentis,  and  present  them  to  the  Justice, 
under  pain  of  rebellion ;  &a. 

"  ITEM.  Although  sum  of  the  Lordes  of  the  ground  never  uses  to  make  resid- 
ence in  the  partes,  throw  the  quhilkis  thieves  resorts,  in  their  passing  to  steal  and 
reive,  and  return  therefra ;  zit  sail  they  be  bounden  to  their  Baillies  and  tennentes, 
to  make  their  arreistmentes,  and  stay  and  make  pubHcation  of  the  same  ;  gif  it  be 
in  their  power,  or  cummis  to  their  Knawledge ;  or  utherwaies,  to  be  halden  and 
obhshed  for  redress,  as  gif  they  dwelt  upon  the  landes  themselves.  And  that  the 
chiefs  of  the  Clanes  in  the  boundes  quhair  broken  men  dwellis,  throw  the  quhilkis 
limmers  and  broken  men.  repairis  in  their  passing  to  steall  and  reive  or  returning 
therefra,  sail  be  bound  to  make  the  like  stay,  arreistment,  and  publication,  as  the 
Landes-lordes,  or  Baillies,  and  be  subject  to  the  like  redres  and  action  criminall  and 
civill,  in  case  of  their  failzie  or  negligence.  And  because  sindrie  immediat  tennentes 
to  Our  Soveraine  Lord,  hes  disponed  their  landes  to  uthers,  halden  of  themselves ; 
In  that  case,  it  sail  be  sufficient  for  the  Over-Lord,  to  enter  and  present  his  tenant 
and  vassall,  for  answering  or  his  sub-tennent ;  and  the  Landis-lord,  to  have  his 
reliefe  upon  his  tennents  there-anent,  as  accordis." 

"King  James  VI.  July  ii.  and  29.  1587. 
"(97).  The  Chiefe  of  all  Clannes  sail  find  pledges. 

"  It  is  alsua  statute  and  ordained,  that  the  Captaines,  Chieffes  and  Chieftaines 
of  all  Clannes,  alsweill  on  the  Hieland  as  on  the  Bordoures,  and  the  principaUis  of 
the  Branches  of  the  saides  Clannes,  to  be  specially  noted  in  ane  Roll  ratified  and 
insert  in  this  present  parliament;   Quhilkes  Clannes  dweUis  upon  the  landes  of 

2  A 

1 86  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1587 

diverse  Landes-lordes  and  dependis  upon  the  directions  of  the  saidis  Captaines, 
Chiefes,  and  Chieftaines  (be  pretence  of  bloud  or  place  of  their  dwelling)  althought 
against  the  will  oftimes  of  the  Lord  of  their  ground,  be  charged  in  like  manner,  and 
answer  the  paine  abone  written ;  to  enter  sik  persones  pleges,  as  sail  be  nominate 
be  the  Kings  Majesties  letters  to  be  direct  to  them,  upon  fifteen  daies  before  his 
Hieness  and  his  secreit  Councell,  at  the  dayes  to  be  appointed,  to  be  placed  as  his 
Hienes  sail  think  convenient,  for  keeping  of  gude  rule  in  time  cuming  according  to 
the  conditions  abone  written,  quhair  unto  the  Landes-lordes  and  Baillies,  are  sub- 
ject ;  under  the  paine  of  execution  of  the  saidis  pleges  to  the  death  in  case  of  trans- 
gressions and  nocht  redresse  maid  be  the  persones  offending  for  quhom  the  saidis 
pleges  lyes.  And  that  the  saidis  pleges  sail  be  relieved  quarterly  with  utheris  of  the 
same  Clan  or  branche,  to  be  specially  named,  as  may  be  after  the  beginning  of  this 
ordeur.  Also  one  and  all  Clannes,  Chieftaines,  and  Branches  of  Clannes,  refusand 
to  enter  their  pleges  at  the  day ;  and  maner  contained  in  the  charge,  to  be  directed 
to  that  effect ;  to  be  esteemed  publick  enemies  to  God,  the  King  and  all  his  trewe 
and  faithful  subjectes,  and  to  be  persewed  with  fire  and  sword,  quhair  ever  they 
be  apprehended,  without  crime,  paine  or  danger,  to  be  incurred  be  the  doers 
there-throw.  And  that  compt  (count)  be  tane  anis  in  the  zeir,  at  the  first  day  of 
November,  quhat  persoes  pleged  for,  ar  dead,  and  quhat  zoung  men  sprung  up  in 
their  race  and  Clanne,  able  to  offend.  And  quhair  complaint  is  maid  upon  ony 
person  pleged  for  the  principal  of  the  Clanne  or  Branche,  to  be  charged  to  present 
the  offenders  before  the  King  or  his  Councell,  or  before  the  Justice  and  his  deputes, 
to  under-lie  the  law  for  the  same." 

"King  James  VI.  29.  July  1587. 

"  (96).  All  men  borne  in  the  Hielandes  and  Bordoures  to  return  to  the  places 
quhair  they  were  borne. 

"Item.  That  all  sik  notorious  thieves,  as  were  born  in  Liddisdaill  Eskdaill, 
Annandale  and  the  landis  sum-time  called  debaitable,  or  in  the  landis  of  the 
Hie-landis  that  has  long  continued  in-obedient,  sail  be  removed  out  of  the  In-land, 
quhair  they  ar  planted,  and  presentlie  dwellin  or  haunts,  to  the  parts  quhair  they 
were  borne ;  Except  their  Land-lordes  quhair  they  presently  dwell,  will  become 
soverty  for  them,  to  make  them  answerable  to  the  Law,  as  Low-land  and  obedient 
men,  under  the  paines  contained  in  the  Acts  of  Parliament. 

"  (97).  Anent  the  register  of  pleges  and  uthers. 

"  Item.     It  is  statute  and  ordained   for  furtherance  of,  and  quieting  of  the 
in-obedient  Bordours  and  Hie-landes ;  That  a  bulk  be  maid  containing  the  names 

1587]        Roll  of  Landlords  and   Baillies         187 

of  the  pleges  entered,  and  to  be  entered,  for  gude  rule  and  of  the  haill  persones  for 
quhom  they  lye  and  be  quhom  the  pleges  suld  be  relieved ;  As  alsua  that  a  register 
be  maid  of  the  haill  Parochiners  of  the  landes  inhabited  be  thieves  and  disobedient 
persones,  in  the  Hie-landes  and  Bordours  The  names  of  the  Landis-lordis  and 
townes  in  every  Parochin  and  of  the  haill  men,  inhabitantis  therof  past  the  age  of 
sexteene  zeires ;  quha  ar  Landis-lordes  or  Baillies  of  every  land  or  town  ;  or  of 
quhat  Clanne  or  branch  the  saidis  inhabitantis  ar.  And  that  the  name  of  ony 
person  that  hes  entered  on  the  broken  landes,  after  the  removing  of  ony  uther 
inobedient  person  therefra,  be  sent  to  the  keeper  of  the  said  register  within  twelve 
days  nixt  after  his  first  entry. 

"  (100).  Divers  sureties  being  maid  sail  be  vailzieable,  and  the  ane  stoppis 
not  the  uther. 

"Item.  It  is  declared  statute  and  ordained  that  the  surety  maid  be  the 
Landis-lordis  and  Baillies  sail  not  be  prejudicial  nor  stop  the  suretie  maid  be 
the  Chieftaines,  and  principalles  of  Clannes.  Nor  be  the  contrair  the  surety  maid 
be  them  to  the  Landis-lordes  and  Baillies." 

The  following  Rolls  were  appended  to  the  Act  of  Parliament : — 

"The  Roll  of  the  Landislordis  and  Baillies  of  landis  in  the  Hielandis  and  Isles, 
quhair  brokin  men  hes  duelt  and  presentlie  duellis,  1587. 

Landislordis  and  Baillies. 

The  Duke  of  Lennox. 

The  Laird  of  Buchanane. 

The  Laird  of  M'^Farlane  of  the  Arroquhar. 

The  Laird  of  Luss.     (Colquhoun.) 

The  Laird  M'^Cawla  of  Ardincaple. 

The  Laird  of  Marchinstoun.     (Napier  of  Merchistoun  and  Edinbellie  holding 

lands  in  Menteith  and  Lennox  inherited  from  his  ancestress  a  coheiress 

of  Patrick  de  Menteth  of  Rusky.) 
The  Laird  of  Glennegyis.     (Haldane  of  Gleneagles  descended  from  the 

other  coheiress  of  Menteth  of  Rusky.) 
The  Erie  of  Glencarne.     (Highland  possessions  unknown.) 
The  Laird  of  Drumquhassill.      (Cunningham  held  the  Islands  of  Loch- 

The  Laird  of  Kilcreuch.     (In  the  Lennox,  Galbraith.) 

1 88  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1587 

The  Tutour  of  Menteith.     (George  Graham.) 

The  Laird  of  Knockhill.     (Shaw  of  do.  in  Menteith.) 

Hary  Schaw  of  Cambusmoir. 

The  Laird  of  Kippanross.     (Stirhng.) 

The  Laird  of  Burley.     (Balfour,  superior,  if  not  proprietor  of  the  lands  of 

Mochaster  in  Menteith.) 
The  Laird  of  Keir.     (Stirling.) 
The  Master  of  Levingstoun.     (Family  possessed   lands  of  Callander  and 

Corriechrombie  in  Menteith.) 
The  Lord  of  Down.     (Father  of  the  '  Bonny  Earl  of  Moray.') 
The  Lord  Drummond. 
The  Laird  of  TuUibardin.     (Sir   John   Murray,   who  possessed   lands  in 

The  Laird  of  Glenorquhy.     (Sir  Duncan  Campbell.) 
The  Laird  of  Laweris.     (Sir  John  Campbell.) 
The  Laird  of  Weyme.     (James  Menzies  of  that  Ilk.) 
The  Abbot  of  Inchaffray.     (James  Drummond,  Commendator  of  Inchaffray 

and  Laird  of  Innerpeffry,  created  1609  Lord  Maderty.) 
Coline  Campbell  of  Ardbeich.     (Brother  of  Glenurchy,  on  Lochearn.) 
The  Laird  of  Glenlyoun.     (Campbell.) 

The  Erie  of  Athoill.     (sth,  of  the  Stewart  of  Innermeath  line.) 
The  Laird  of  Grantullie.     (Sir  Thomas  Stewart  lands  in  Strathtay.) 
The  Laird  of  Strowane-Robertsone.     (In  Atholl.) 
The  Laird  of  Strowane-lMurray.     (In  Strathearn.     The  daughter  of  the  then 

proprietor   John    Murray  married  Eoin  dubh   MacGregor  brother  to 

Allester  of  Glenstray.) 
The  Laird  of  Wester  Wemyss.     (Said  to  have  had  the  superiority  of  Kinnaird 

selling  the  property  to  Stewart  of  Rosyth.) 
The  Laird  of  Abbotishall.     (Supposed  Scott,  a  family  in  Fife.) 
The  Laird  of  Teling.     (Sir  David  Maxwell,  Forfarshire.) 
The  Laird  of  Inchmartine.     (Ogilvie.) 

The  Laird  of  Purie-Fothringhame.     (A  proprietor  in  the  Brae  of  Angus.) 
The  Laird  of  Moncreiffe.     (William  Moncreiffe  of  that  Ilk  proprietor  for 

several  centuries  of  Culdares  and  Tenaififis  in  Breadalbane  which  he 

sold  to  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy.) 
The  Laird  of  Balleachane.     (Stewart  of  Ballechin  in  Atholl,  formerly  styled 

of  Stuiks.) 
The  Barroun  of  Fandowie.     (In  Atholl.    James  Macduff,  alias  Ferguson.) 
The  Erie  of  Erroll.     (Possessed  Logyalmond.) 
The  Erie  of  Gowrie.     (James  Ruthven,  possessed  lands  in  Strathardill  and 


1587J       Roll  of  Landlords  and  Baillies         189 

The  Laird  of  Cultibragane.     (Alex.  Ridheuch,  Lands  in  Glenleidnoch  in 

The  Lord  Ogilvy  (of  Airly). 

The  Laird  of  Clovay.     (Ogilvy  of  Clova,  in  the  brae  of  Angus.) 
The  Laird  of  Fintray.     (Sir  David  Graham  Knight  in  Forfarshire.) 
The  Laird  of  Edyell;  (Sir  David  Lindsay  of  Glenesk  in  Forfarshire.) 
The  Erie  of  Mar.     (Proprietor  of  Braemar,  &a.) 
The  Master  of  Elphingstoun.    (The  family  appear  to  have  possessed  Corgarff 

in  Banffshire,  Kildrummy,  &a.) 
The  Erie  of  Huntlie.     (Lord  of  Badenoch  and  Lochaber.) 
The  Master  of  Forbes.     (Highland  estates  on  the  Don,  Aberdeenshire.) 
The  Laird  of  Grant. 

Makintosche  (of  Dunauchton,  Captain  of  the  Clanchattan.) 
The  Lord  and  Tutour  of  Lovat.     (Simon  8th  Lord  and  Thomas  Eraser  of 

Knockie  and  Strichen,  his  uncle  and  guardian.) 
Cheisholme  of  Cummer  (or  Comer.) 
The  Larde  of  Glengarry.     (Proprietor  also  in  right  of  his  Grandmother  of 

half  the  lands  of  Lochalsh,  Lochcarron  and  Lochbroom.) 
Makanyie.     (Mackenzie  of  Kintail  possessing  the  other  half  of  the  above 

The  Laird  of  Fowlis.     (Munro.) 
The  Laird  of  Balnagown.     (Ross.) 
The   Tutour   of  Cromartie.      (Urquhart  of  Craigfintray,  guardian  to  Sir 

Thomas  Urquhart.) 
The  Erie  of  Suthirland. 
The  Laird  of  Dufifus.     (Sutherland.) 
James  Innes  of  Touchis. 
The  erle  of  Caithnes. 
The  Erie  Merschall. 

The  Lord  Oliphant,     (Possessed  Berrydale  in  Caithness.) 
The  Laird  of  Boquhowy.     (Mowat  of  Boquhally,  Caithness-shire.) 
The  laird  of  Dunnibeyth.     (Sinclair  of  Dunbeath  in  Caithness.) 
Macky  of  Far.     (Father  of  first  Lord  Reay.) 
Torquill  M^Cloyd  of  Cogoych.     (Son  of  Macleod  of  Lewis.) 
The  Laird  of  Garloch.     (Mackenzie.) 
Makgillichallum  of  Raarsay.     (Malcolm  Macleod.) 
MTloid  of  the  Harrich.     (Harris.) 

M'^Kynnoun  of  Strathodell.    (Mackinnon  of  Strathwardill  in  Skye.) 
M'^Cleud  of  the  Lewes. 
M'^Neill  of  Barray. 
M^'Kane  of  Ardnamurchan.     (Macian  of  the  family  of  the  isles.) 

190  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1587 

Allane  M'^Kane  of  Ilandterum. 

The  Laird  of  Knoydert.     (Alexander  M'^Ranald.) 

M^Clane  of  Dowart.     (M<^Lean.) 

The  Lard  of  Ardgowir.     (M'^Lean  of  Ardgour.) 

Johnne  Stewart  of  the  Appin. 

M^'Coull  of  Lome.     (Dougal  Macdougal  of  DunoUy.) 

M^Coull  of  Roray.     (Allan  Macdougal  of  Roray.) 

The  Laird  of  Lochynnell.     (Campbell  of  Lochnell.) 

The  Laird  of  Caddell.     (Campbell  of  Calder,  often  called  thus.) 

The    Laird   of  Skermourlie   for    Rauchry.      (Montgomerie   of  Skelmorlie 

appears  to  have  had  the  small  island  of  Rachry,  coast  of  Antrim.) 
MXondoquhy  of  Innerraw.     (Dougal  M'^Conachy  Campbell  of  Inveraw.) 
Angus  M'^Coneill  of  Dunyveg  and  Glennis  (?). 
The  Laird  of  Lowlip.     (Alex.  Macallaster  of  Loupe  in  Kintyre.) 
The  Schiref  of  Bute.     (John  Stewart.) 
The  Laird  of  Camys.     (Hector  Bannatyne  of  Kames.) 
Erie  of  Ergile. 

Laird  of  Auchinbrek.     (Campbell.) 
The  Laird  of  Ardkinglass.     (Campbell.) 
M'^Nauchtane.     (Malcolm  Macnaughtane  of  Dunderaw.) 
M'^Lauchlane.     (Arch.  Maclauchlane  of  Stralauchlan  or  of  that  Ilk.) 
The  Laird  of  Lawmont  (of  Inveryne  or  of  that  Ilk.) 
The  Laird  of  Perbrak.     (Campbell  of  Barbrek.) 
The  Laird  of  Duntrune.     (Campbell.) 
Constable  of  Dundy.     Laird  of  Glastry.     (Sir  James  Scrymgeour  of  Dudope 

and  of  Glasry,  in  Ayrshire.) 
The  Laird  of  Elanegreg.     (Campbell.) 
The  Laird  of  Otter.     (Campbell.) 
The  Laird  of  Coll     (Maclean.) 
MakClayne  of  Lochbuy. 

M'^Fee  of  CoUowsay.     (Murdoch  Macfee  of  Colonsay.) 
The  Lord  Hamiltoun.     (For  the  Isle  of  Arran.) " 

"  The  Roll  of  the  Clannis  (in  the  Hielandis  and  Isles)  that  hes  Capitanes,  Chieffis, 
and  Chiftanes  quhome  on  thay  depend,  oft  tymes  aganis  the  willis  of  thair 
Landislordis  :  and  of  sum  speciale  personis  of  branchis  of  the  saidis  Clannes. 


M'^Ferlanis,  Arroquhar. 

1587]  Roll  of  Clans  191 

Grahmes  of  Menteth. 

Stewards  of  Buchquhidder. 



Campbellis  of  Lochnell. 

Campbell  of  Innerraw. 

Clandowill  of  Lome. 

Stewartis  of  Lome,  or  of  Appin. 

Clane  M'^Kane  of  Avricht.     (The  Clan  Eoin  or  Macdonalds  of  Glencoe, 

whose  chief  was  patronomycally  styled  '  MacEoin  Abrach.' ) 
Stewartis  of  Athoill  and  pairties  adiacent. 
Menyessis,  in  Athoill  and  Apnadull. 
Clan  M*^Thomas  in  Glensche. 

Makintoscheis,  in  Athoill. 

Clanrannald,  in  Lochquhaber.    (Macdonalds  of  Keppoch.) 
Clanrannald  of  Knoydert,  Modert,  and  Glengaray. 
Clenlewid  of  the  Lewis. 
Clanlewyd  of  Harray. 

Clan  leane.     (The  Clan  Eoin  of  Ardnamurchan.) 

Clankanye.     (Kenzie.) 
Clanandreis.     (The  Rosses.) 
Murrayis,  in  Suthirland." 

Both  these  Rolls  have,  for  convenience,  been  taken  from  "  The  Trans- 
actions of  the  lona  Club,  1839,  and  the  notes  condensed  from  those  of  the 
editor,  Donald  Gregory,  Esq. 

It  may  be  remarked  that  in  the  latter  half  of  the  sixteenth  century,  of 
which  we  are  now  treating,  scarcely  a  Clan  was  at  peace.  The  Earls  of 
Sutherland,  Caithness,  and    Huntly ;    the  Murrays,  MacKenzies,  Gunns, 

192  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Clan  Chattan,  and  Gordons  in  the  North  and  East  were  perpetually 
at  war — bloodshed,  fire,  and  even  poison  figure  in  their  history.  The 
MacDonalds,  MacLeans,  MacLeods,  and  MacNeills  kept  the  West  in 
fierce  conflict.  Such  was  the  normal  state  of  the  country,  and  on  the 
Southern  Border  matters  were  not  much  better.  Some  remedy  was 
absolutely  necessary.  The  scheme  of  the  Government  was  very  in- 
geniously contrived,  though  perhaps  too  fussy  and  minute  to  be  easily 
workable.  By  it  theft  was  made  treasonable,  a  strong  measure,  as  loyalty 
to  the  Sovereign  had  never  been  questioned  in  the  Highlands.  Frequent 
reference  is  made  in  subsequent  years  to  this  Act,  known  as  the  "  General 
Band."  It  did  not  work  a  speedy  pacification,  but  in  the  instance  of 
the  ClanGregor,  more  especially,  actual  existence  was  made  impossible, 
except  by  fighting  for  it,  as  few  could  dare  to  shelter  them  under  such 
precarious  conditions. 

Although  other  Clans  were  equally  turbulent,  none  suffered  eventually 
as  severely.  Mr  Donald  Gregory  believed  the  chief  cause  of  this  to  have 
been  the  circumstance  that,  unlike  the  Clan  Chattan  for  instance,  the 
ClanGregor  had  no  extensive  possessions  under  the  Crown  which  could 
render  them  independent  of  the  great  families  around.  It  may  be  added 
that  of  their  neighbours,  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  was  ever  ready  to  profit 
by  their  misfortunes,  and  Campbell  of  Argyle  to  make  a  cat's  paw  of  them 
for  his  own  purposes.  Nothing  but  the  brave  and  elastic  spirit  inherited 
from  our  ancestors,  and  the  power  of  endurance  learnt  in  the  school  of 
adversity,  could  have  saved  us  from  entire  annihilation,  such  as  some  of 
our  neighbours  desired  for  us. 

Two  characteristic  MacGregor  songs  from  the  "  Killin  Collection " 
seem  to  belong  to  about  this  period,  and  may  therefore  fitly  follow 
here : — 

Na  Tulaichean  (Reel  of  Tulloch), 

"The  following  incident  occurred  in  the  latter  part  of  the  sixteenth  or  early 
part  of  the  seventeenth  century.  A  John  MacGrigor,  usually  known  as  Iain  Dubh 
Gearr  of  the  Ruaru  branch  of  that  Clan,  was  at  Killin  attending  St  Fillan's  market 

Reel  of  TuUoch  193 

('Feill  Fhaolain'),  which  is  held  there  in  January,  He  was  set  upon  in  Street- 
house  1  by  eight  men ;  but  being  very  powerful  and  a  splendid  swordsman,  he 
either  killed  or  seriously  wounded  the  whole  of  them.  Upon  this  he  fled  to 
Strathspey,  where  he  married  a  young  lady  named  Isabel  Anderson.  Twelve  men 
and  a  superior  in  command  were  sent  after  to  take  him  either  dead  or  alive.  He 
was  slumbering  in  a  barn  when  intelligence  was  privately  brought  him  that  they 
had  arrived  and  were  near  at  hand.  His  first  impulse  was  to  fly,  but  being  strongly 
persuaded  by  Isabel,  he  resolved  on  fighting  it  out.  They  had  a  gun  and  a  pistol, 
with  plenty  of  ammunition,  and  as  John  fired  at  his  pursuers  through  crevices  in  the 
wall,  Isabel,  who  stood  behind  him,  loaded.  The  result  was  that  in  a  very  short 
time  the  whole  thirteen  were  severely  wounded,  whereupon  John  sallied  forth  and 
cut  off  their  heads.  Isabel  gave  him  a  draught  of  beer  which  he  quaffed ;  and 
seizing  her  round  the  waist  they  improvised  and  danced  those  reel-steps  which  have 
ever  since  been  so  popular.^  The  words  were  also  improvised  and  sung  as  a 
mouth-tune,  but  the  music  must  have  been  old. 

"  John,  it  is  said,  afterwards  became  a  peaceable  and  prosperous  man ;  and  it 
has  been  satisfactorily  shown  that  the  celebrated  Doctors  Gregory  who  did  so  much 
to  establish  the  fame  of  the  Edinburgh  Medical  School  were  descendants  of  his. 
Before  settling  down,  however,  there  is  reason  to  believe  that  he  'raised'  some 
successful  'creachs'  in  Breadalbane.  There  can  be  no  doubt  about  his  period,  as 
his  name  appears  in  the  Record  of  Privy  Seal,  of  date  15th  May  1586." 

^  The  local  name  for  Killin  Hotel. 

^  Probably  few  who  gaily  dance  this  merry  reel  know  anything  of  the  grim  tale  of  its  origin. 
Iain  Dubh  Gearr's  name  does  not  appear  in  the  list  of  August  1586.  Although  it  may  read  strange, 
yet  after  the  intense  strain  of  defending  himself  and  his  wife  against  such  overpowering  odds,  that 
the  excitement  and  reaction  should  culminate  in  violent  exercise  is  not  improbable. 

2  B 

194  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Na  Tulaichean. 

'  Bu  Ghriogaireach  darireadh 
A  Ruadh-shruth  'an  Gleann-liomhunn. 
A  rinn  an  cebl  'tha  riomhach, 
Ris  canar  leinn  na  Thulaichean. 

Chorus — O  Thulaichean  gu  Bhealaichean, 
'S  'o  Bhealaichean ; 

'S  mur  faigh  sinn  leann  's  na  Thulaichean, 
Gu  'n  ol  sinn  uisg  e  Bhealaichean, 

B'  ann  an  Tigh-na-Sraide 
Athug  iad  ionnsuidh  bhais  air  ; 
'S  mur  bitheadh  e  ro  laidir, 
Bha  ochdnar  namh  ro  mhurrach  air. 
O  Thulaichean,  &a. 

Ach  labhair  lan-Dubh-Gearr  riubh ; 
'  Bha  mi  ann  's  a'  cheardaich, 
'S  cha  chrom  mi  sios  mo  cheann  duibh, 
Ged  thionndadh  sibh  uile  rium.' 
O  Thulaichean,  &c. 

'N  sin  bhuail  iad  uil'  air  comhladh ; 
'S  ged  'bha  Ian  Dubh  na  onar ; 
Cha  b'  ann  da  m'  buannachd  toiseach, 
Bha  fuil  mu  shrbin  na  h-uille  fir. 
O  Thulaichean,  &a. 

'S  'n  uair  thaisg  e  suas  a  gheur-lann, 
'S  a  dh'  ioc  e  mheud  's  a  dh'  eigh  e, 
Gu  'n  tug  e  'n  sin  Srath  Spe  air 
'S  bha  te  ann  a  chuir  furan  air. 
O  Thulaichan,  &a. 

Chuir  iad  cuideachd  laidir, 
Ann  deigh  Iain  Duibh  Mhic  Phadruic ; 
'S  'n  uair  shaoil  leo  e  'bhi  'n  sas  ac' 
'S  e  bas  bh'  air  a  chumadh  dhoibh. 
O  Thulaichean,  &a. 

John   Dubh  Gearr  195 

Reel  of  Tulloch. 

"From  Ruaru  in  Glenlyon 
A  true  MacGrigor  scion, 
Made  music  which  we  own  the  chief, 
And  which  we  call  the  Tullechin. 

Chorus — From  Tullechin  to  Ballechin 
From  Ballechin  to  Tullechin  ; 
If  beer  we  don't  in  Tullechin 
We'll  water  get  in  Ballechin. 

In  Streethouse  at  Feill  Fhaolan 
On  him  they  made  an  onset  dead 
And  were  he  not  most  manly  brave, 
Eight  sturdy  men  had  mastered  him. 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

Then  Black  John  spake  up  hurriedly : 
'  I'm  just  come  from  the  armoury 
And  will  not  down  my  head  coward-bend. 
Though  all  of  you  should  grapple  me.' 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

On  this  they  all  fell  foul  of  him  ; 
And  though  alone  he  stoutly  faced ; 
'Twas  not  advantage  that  they  won 
For  down  their  cheeks  poured  bloody  drops. 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

Then  having  sheathed  his  good  broadsword 
On  shewing  what  his  manhood  could, 
He  to  Strathspey  his  steps  betook 
And  there  a  maiden  welcomed  him. 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

Against  Black  John  MacPhatrick 
Was  sent  a  stout  and  goodly  band, 
But  when  they  thought  that  him  they'd  caught 
'Twas  death  that  shaped  their  destiny. 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

196  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Gir  thainig  fios  an  uaighneas, 
Do  'n  t-shabhal  's  e  na  shuain  ann  . 
'  Tog  ort,  Iain  Duibh,  's  bidh  gluasadh, 
'S  thoir  as  cho  luath  's  a  's  urra  dhuit.' 
O  Thulaichean,  &a. 

'S  e  thuirt  a  leannan  ceutach  ; 
'A  ghaoil,  cuir  ort,'  's  bidh  treunmhor; 
Is  dhuit  bi  thidh  mise  feumail, 
Gir  bidh  mi  gu  d'  chuideachadh. 
G  Thulaichean,  &a. 

'  Thoir  uidhean  dhomh  gu  siirdail, 
Is  honaidh  mi  gu  dluth  dhuit, 
'N  sin  cumsa  'ghraidh,  do  chul  rium, 
'S  do  shiiil  air  na  h-uile  fear.' 

G  Thulaichean,  &a. 

Sheall  e  cia  lion  bh'  ann  diu, 
Mu  'n  rachadh  e  gu  'n  ionnsuidh ; 
Bha  da-f  hear-dheug  'us  ceannard. 
Co  teann  air  's  a  b'  urra  iad. 

G  Thulaichean,  &a. 

Chum  e  riu  a  bhbtach, 
'S  bha  Isabail  'g  a  chonadh ; 
Cha  do  thar  iad  gus  an  eblas, 
'S  ann  lebn  e  gu  h-ullamh  iad. 
G  Thulaichean,  &a. 

Ghearr  e  leum  gu  h-eatrom, 
Gu  'n  ionnsuidh,  agus  fraoch  air, 
Cha  d'  ag  e  ceann  air  h-aon  diu, 
Thoirt  sgeul  air  an  turas  ud. 

G  Thulaichean,  &a. 

'  Mo  bheannachd  air  an  t-shealgair ; 
Ann  ad  chuirinn  earbsa ; 
'S  tu  rinn  an  gniomh  neo-chearbach, 
'S  tu  dhearbh  a  bhi  urramach.' 
G  Thulaichean,  &a. 

Reel  of  Tulloch  197 

To  Black  John  'midst  his  slumberings, 
A  message  came  in  urgent  haste  : 
*  Be  up  Black  John  bestir  you  quick, 
And  take  you  off  right  speedily.' 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

Then  said  his  darling  Isabel 
'  Be  up  and  quit  you  valiantly 
A  helpmate  true  I'll  make  to  you 
In  your  sore  straits  to  succour  you.' 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

'  Your  ammunition  hand  me  quick 
I'll  load  for  him  I  fondly  like, 
As  you  with  back  straight  turned  on  me 
Your  eye  keep  towards  the  enemy.' 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

Ere  Black  John  raised  his  battle  shout 
His  eye  he  o'er  the  foe  keen  glanced, 
Twelve  men  with  one  to  lead  them  on 
He  found  were  closing  fast  on  him. 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

His  musket  then  he  aimed  at  them 
Whilst  Is'bel  pressed  each  charge  fast  down  . 
And  ere  their  fears  to  danger  woke 
Sore  wounded  was  each  one  of  them. 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

Then  out  he  leaped  with  nimble  bound 
And  with  fierce  wrath  fierce  kindling  him, 
No  head  he  left  on  body  then 
To  tell  of  their  sad  tragedy. 

From  Tullechin,  &a. 

*  My  blessings  on  my  sportsman  good ; 
To  him  I  will  entrust  my  hfe ; 
You  there  in  strife  a  hero  stood 
And  did  a  deed  of  mightihood.' 
From  Tullechin,  &a. 

198  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Thuirt  Iain  Dubh  's  e  tionndadh  : 

*  O  n'  rinn  mi  'n  gniomh  bha  shannt  orm ; 
Ghaoil  grad  thoir  deoch  do  'n  leann  domh, 
'S  gu  'n  danns  mi  na  Thulaichean.' 

0  Thulaichean,  &a. 

•  B'  e  'n  t'  aighear  'us  an  t-aoibhneas, 
'N  am  cruinneach  re  cheile, 

'N  uair  chluinneadhmid  na  teudan 
Ga  'n  gleusadh  do  na  Thulaichean.' 
O  Thulaichean,  &a. 

'  N  a'  mrbithinn  mar  bu  ghnath  leam, 
'S  MacAilpein  a  bhi  laimh  rium, 
Bu  bhinn  leam  bhi  ga  eisdeachd 
'N  uair  thaireadh  air  na  Thulaichean.' 
O  Thulaichean,  &a." 

Oran  Chlann-Ghriogair.    (Glenorchy  MacGregor's  Song.) 

"This  song  was  composed  by  a  MacGregor  woman  who  was  married  in 
Glenorchy.  It  dates  back  probably  to  the  early  part  of  the  17th  century  when 
the  persecution  against  this  unhappy  clan  raged  so  fiercely.  It  points  to  a  time 
when  guns  were  not  unknown,  but  when  bows  and  arrows  were  still  in  use.  The 
circumstances  which  called  it  forth  arose  out  of  these  troubles.  A  party  of  them 
flying  from  their  foes  having  taken  shelter  in  her  husband's  house  were  suddenly 
informed  that  their  pursuers  were  close  at  hand  and  in  full  view  of  the  front  of 
the  house.     The  housewife  with  great  presence  of  mind  instantly  rushed  out  and 

Gran  Chlann-Ghriogair. 

Mi  am  shuidhe  'n  so  'm  bnar, 

Air  comhnard  an  rathaid ; 

Dh'f  heuch  am  faic  mi  fear  fuadain 

'Tigh'n  Chruachan  a'  cheathaich. 

'Bheir  dhomh  sgeul  air  Clann  Ghriogair 

No  fios  cionn  a  ghabh  iad, 

'S  iad  bu  chuideachd  a  dhomhsa 

Didomhnuich  so  chaidh. 

Glenorchy  MacGrigor's  Song  199 

Says  Black  John  turning  towards  his  bride ; 
'  Since  I  did  what  I  meant  to  do ; 
Give  me  a  drink  of  beer  to  quaff, 
And  we  will  dance  the  TuUechin,' 
From  TuUechin,  &a. 

'  In  meets  for  joy  and  happiness. 
What  mirth  and  gladness  fills  our  hearts 
Whene'er  we  hear  the  strings  attuned 
For  giving  us  the  TuUechin. 

From  TuUechin,  5za. 

'  Were  I  where  my  desire  is  set 
MacAlpin  sitting  by  my  side 
With  what  delight  I'd  hear  him  play 
The  King  of  tunes  the  TuUechin.' 
From  TuUechin,  &a." 

sitting  herself  by  the  roadside  commenced  singing  this  song.  The  other  party 
stopped  to  Hsten  and  thus  aUowed  time  for  the  MacGregors  to  escape  by  the  back 
of  the  house. 

"  The  language  is  highly  metaphorical ;  but  not  so  much  so  as  to  prevent  our 
unravelling  the  meaning.  A  party  of  MacGrigors  called  Dark-blue  Stags  were 
startled  by  their  enemies  at  the  riverside  and  chased  to  the  Glen  of  Mists.  One 
of  their  number  a  kinsman  of  the  songstress,  by  whom  he  is  designated  the 
'  Graceful  Bird '  was  murdered  by  them.  The  arrow  wound  she  speaks  of  having 
received  is  evidently  not  a  physical  wound  at  all,  but  the  pain  of  mind  she  experi- 
enced in  consequence.  Reciting  this  to  the  murderers,  she  could  not  possibly  even 
with  all  the  protection  which  her  womanhood  gave  her  use  plainer  language." 

Glenorchy  MacGrigor's  Song. 

All  alone  I  am  seated 
By  the  side  of  the  highway 
Watching  for  some  coming  wanderer 
From  Ben  Cruachan  the  misty. 
My  hope  is  he  can  give  me 
Some  sure  news  of  ClanGrigor. 
With  whom  spent  I  last  Sunday 
In  kinship  and  greeting. 

200  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Cha  d'f  huair  mi  d'an  sgeul, 
Ach  iad  bhi'n  dd  air  na  sraithibh, 
Thall  's  a  bhos  mu  Loch-fine, 
Ma  's  fior  mo  luchd-bratha 
Ann  an  Clachan-an-Diseart 
'G  61  f  ion  air  na  maithibh, 
Bha  Griogair  mor,  ruadh  ann 
Lamh  chruaidh  air  chul  claidhimh. 

Agus  Griogair  mor,  meadhrach 
Ceann-feadhn  ar  luchd-tighe, 
Mhic  an  f  hir  a  Srath-Arduil, 
Bhiodh  na  baird  ort  a  tathaich. 
Bheireadh  greis  air  a  chlarsaich 
'S  air  an  taileasg  gu  aighear, 
'S  a  sheinneadh  an  fhidheal 
'Chuireadh  fiughair  fo  mhnathan 

S  ann  a  rinn  sibh  'n  t-sithionn  anmoch 
Anns  a'  ghleann  am  bi'n  ceathach, 
Dh'fhag  sibh  an  t-Eoin  boidhaech   - 
Air  a'  mhointich  'na  laidhe. 
Na  stairsnich  air  feithe, 
'N  deigh  a  reubadh  le  claidheamh, 
'S  ann  a  thog  sibh  greigh  dhu-ghorm 
Bho  luban  na  h-abhann. 

Ann  am  bothan  na  dige, 
Ghabh  sibh  dion  air  an  rathad. 
Far  an  d'fhag  sibh  mo  bhiodag 
Agus  criosd  mo  bhuilg-shaighead. 
Gur  i  saighead  na  h-araich 
So  tharmaich  am  leathar, 
Chaidh  saighead  am  shhasaid 
Crann  fiar  air  dhroch  shnai  theadh. 

Gu'n  seachnadh  Righ  nan  Dul  sibh 

Bho  fhudar  caol  neimhe 

Bho  shradagan  teine 

Bho  pheileir  's  bho  shaighead. 

Glenorchy  MacGrigor's  Song         201 

No  news  has  since  reached  me 

Of  how  they  are  faring, 

Save,  yestreen,  that  they  wandered 

Up  and  down  through  the  Strath-glades. 

At  Lochfyne  they  were  heard  of 

If  true  be  my  story ; 

At  Clachan  Diseart  they  were  drinking 

Goodly  wine  with  the  Chieftains. 

There  was  'mongst  them  red  Grigor 
Truest  hand  behind  broadsword 
And  big  Gregor  the  light-hearted, 
Of  our  horsemen  the  leader. 
Son  of  him  from  Strathardle 
On  whom  bards  would  be  calling 
For  a  lilt  on  harp  tuneful, 
Then  awhile  at  backgammon. 

He  could  play  a  strain  cheerysome 
On  the  violin  so  sweetly 
As  woTild  fill  the  fair  maidens 
With  joy  and  with  gladness. 
Late  at  even  you  were  hunting 
In  the  glen  where  the  mist  wreathes. 
There  on  the  top  of  the  moss-bog, 
A  grand  bird  you  left  lying. 

Stretched  out  on  the  soft  bog, 
There  he  lay  as  you  sped  him, 
With  claymore  cruelly  tearing 
His  comeliest  person. 
From  the  loop  where  the  stream  bends. 
You  the  dark-blue  stags  startled ; 
In  the  bothy  by  the  dyke's  side 
You  took  shelter  in  passing. 

There  left  you  my  true  dirk. 
With  the  belt  of  my  quiver ; 
'Twas  the  arrow  of  slaughter 
That  pierced  my  body. 
2  C 


History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Bho  sgian  na  roinn'  caoile 

'S  bho  fhaobhar  caol  claidhimh, 

'S  ann  bha  bhuidheann  gun  cbmhradh 

Di-domhnuich  'm  braigh  bhaile. 

'S  cha  dean  mi  gair  eibhinn 

'N  am  eiridh  no  laidhe, 

'S  beag  an  t-iognadh  dhomh  fein  sud 

'S  mi  an  deigh  mo  luchd-tighe. 

'S  beag  an  t-iognadh  dhomh  fein  sud 

'S  mi  an  deigh  mo  luchd-tighe, 

'S  mi'm  shuidhe'n  so  'm  onar 

Air  comhnard  an  rathaid. 

Glenorchy  MacGrigors  Song  203 

Through  my  thigh  went  that  arrow, 
And  wounded  me  sorely  ; 
Whose  shaft  was  but  ill-trimmed, 
Both  crooked  and  tearing. 

May  the  God  of  all  Nature 

Thou  preserve  from  grained  powder 

From  the  sharp  flashes  flaming, 

From  bullet  and  arrows. 

O'er  my  face  then  shall  henceforth 

No  laugh  flit  in  dimples 

Nor  smile  of  heart  gladness 

At  morn  or  night-fall. 

Chapter  XVIII 

Death   of   Drummondernoch 

WE  now  come  to  the  darkest  page  of  our  history,  the  murder  of  John 
Drummond  of  Drummondernoch ;  a  crime  which  we  would 
fain  believe  to  have  been  perpetrated  by  men  of  another  name.  Of  this 
deed  there  are  several  different  accounts  which  agree  in  attaching  the 
blame  to  the  ClanGregor.  The  following  is  taken  from  the  "  Black  Book 
of  Taymouth  "  : — 

"  Bond  to  pursue  the  Clan  M'^Gregour  for  the  murder  of  Johne  Drummond  of 

"Be  it  kend  to  all  men.  Us undirsubscryveris  undirstaning  be  mony  actis  maid 
nocht  onlie  be  the  Kingis  Maisties  progenitouris  bot  alsa  be  his  Maiesties  self 
baith  in  Parliament  and  privie  Counsel  anent  the  daylie  morthouris  slauchteris 
herschipis  and  thiftis  committit  be  clannis  of  hieland  men  upoun  the  inhabitantes  of 
the  laiche  cuntreis  speciallie  be  the  clan  of  ISrGregouris  :  Lyke  as  laitlie  the  said  Clan 
of  M'^Gregour  in  the  moneth  of  Sep.  last  bipast,  maist  creuallie  slew  and  murtherit 
Johne  Drummond  of  Drumnevenocht  in  Glenarkney  being  under  thair  doubil 
assurance,  the  ane  grantit  be  my  Lord  Huntlie  in  thair  name  to  my  Lord  nf 
Montroiss  assuring  that  he  and  al  his  and  in  special  the  said  Johne  Drummond 
suld  be  unharmit  in  body  and  geir  ay  and  quhil  the  said  assurance  sud  be  upgiffin 
and  dischargit  on  to  my  Lord  of  Montroiss  be  the  said  Erie  of  Huntlie,  quhilk 
onavyss  ves  na  done  afoir  the  said  slauchter  nor  yit  sensyne ;  the  uther  assurance 
to  my  Lord  of  Inchaffray  and  all  his  kin,  friendis  and  surname  upone  the  Monunday 
befoir  the  said  slauchter;  sua  that  nather  of  the  foresaid  assurances  ves  than 
outrun  ;  the  said  Johne  being  directit  be  his  Chief  at  his  Maiesties  commandment 
for  getting  of  vennisoune  to  have  send  to  Edinburght  to  his  Maiestie's  marriage, 
the  said  Clan  cuttit  and  oftuik  his  held,  and  thairefter  convenand  the  rest  of  that 
clan,  and  setting  doun  the  held  befoir  thame,  thairby  causing  thame  authoreiss  the 
said  creual  murthour,  lykas  thai  have  done,  mening  thairby  to  continew  the  lyke  or 
greter  gif  thai  be  not  preventit.  .  .  .  We  undersubscryvand  beand  sua  tender  of 
bluid  alliance  and  nychtbouris  being  sua  of  thereft  of  our  frinedis  tennentis  and 

Death  of  Drummondernoch  205 

seruandis  slane,  murtherit  and  herreit  be  the  said  clan  of  befoir.  and  of  mind  to 
revenge  the  said  crenel  murthour  and  bluid  of  the  said  Johne  Drummond,  hes 
bundin  ilkane  of  us  to  tak  trev  and  efald  pairt  togidder  for  perseuing  of  the  said 
clan  and  committaris  of  the  said  murthour  quhairevir  thai  may  be  apprehendit, 
and  gif  thai  sail  happin  to  frequent  or  invaid  ony  ane  of  us  ve  all  sail  repair  and 
hald  our  forces  to  the  partie  invadit,  and  ve  bind  us  upone  our  honour  and  lautie 
that  nane  of  us  sail  appoint  or  aggre  witht  the  said  clan  bot  the  advyss  of  the  rest 
of  the  subscryveris.  In  vitness  quhairof  we  have  subscryirt  this  present  with  our 
handis  at  Mugdoge,  Inispeffre  and  Drummen  and  Balloche  the  20,  23,  &  30  days  of 
Oct.  1589.  befoir  thir  vitness  Robert  Grahame  of  Auchinclocht,  William  Drummond 
of  Pitcairnis." 

"  Drummond  Johne  Erie  of  Montroiss 

"  DuNCANE  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Inchaffray." 

"  The  Erie  of  Montroiss  binds  himself  to  raise  30  men,  my  Lord  Drummond  and 
his  friends  40,  and  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay  three  score  to  perschew  the  said  clan 
for  revenge  of  Johne  Drummondis  slawchter.     24.  Dec.  1589." 

The  Record  contained  in  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council  is  more 
detailed  and  gives  a  full  list  of  those  of  the  Clan  who  were  proscribed, 
which  is  here  copied  for  genealogical  studies : — 

"  1589-90.  Feb.  4.     At  Edinburgh. 

"The  Lords  of  secret  Council  being  creditably  informed  of  the  cruel  and 
mischievous  proceeding  of  the  wicked  ClanGregor,  so  long  continuing  in  blood, 
slaughters,  herships  manifest  reiffs,  and  stouths,  committed  upon  his  highness 
peacable  and  good  subjects,  inhabiting  the  countries  next  the  Braes  of  the  high- 
lands these  many  years  bygone,  but  specially  how  after  the  cruel  murder  of  umqle 
John  Drummond  his  Majesty's  proper  Tenant  and  one  of  his  Foresters  of  Glen- 
artney  committed  upon  the  day  of  last  by  past,  by  certain  of 

the  said  Clan,  by  the  counsel  and  determination  of  the  whole,  avowing  to  defend 
the  authors  there  of  whoever  would  pursue  for  revenge  of  the  same,  when  the  said 
John  was  occupied  in  seeking  of  venison  to  his  Highness  at  command  of  Patrick 
Lord  Drummond,  Stewart  of  Stratherne  and  principal  Forester  of  Glenartney  The 
Queen  his  Majesties  dearest  spouse  being  then  shortly  looked  for  to  arrive  in  this 
realm.  Like  as  after  the  murder  committed  the  authors  thereof  cut  off  the  said 
umqule  John  Drummond's  head  and  carried  the  same  to  the  Laird  of  MacGregor 
who,  and  the  whole  surname  of  MacGregors  purposely  convened  upon  the  next 
Sunday  thereafter  at  the  Church  of  Balquhidder  where  they  caused  the  said  umqule 
Johns  head  to  be  presented  to  them  and  there  avowing  the  said  mursder  to  have 
been  committed  by  their  common  counsel  and  determination  laid  their  hands  upon 
the  pow,  and  in  eithnick  (heathenish)  and  barbarous  manner  swore  to  defend  the 

2o6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1589-90 

authors  of  the  said  murder,  in  most  proud  contempt  of  our  sovereign  Lord  and  his 
authority  and  in  evil  example  to  other  wicked  limmers  to  do  the  like  if  this  shall  be 
suffered  to  remain  unpunished,  Therefore  Ordain  commissions  to  be  made  and 
expede  under  our  Sovereign  Lords  Signet  in  due  form  making  constituting  and 
ordaining  George  Earl  of  Huntly,  Lord  Gordon  and  Badenoch,  Colin  Earl  of 
Argyle  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome,  John  Earl  of  Athole  Lord  of  Balveny,  John  Earl 
of  Montrose  Lord  Graham,  Patrick  Lord  Drummond,  James  Commendator  of  Ins- 
cheaffray,  Archibald  Campbell  of  Lochnell,  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy,  John 
Campbell  of  Cadell  (Calder)  James  Campbell  of  Ardkinglass,  Lauchlan  Macintosh 
of  Dunnauchtan,  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardine  Knight ;  George  Buchanan  of 
that  Ilk  and  Andrew  Macfarlane  of  Arrochar,  our  Sovereign  Lord's  Justices  in  that 
part  to  the  effect  underwritten.  Giving  Granting  and  Committing  to  them  conjunctly 
and  severally  full  power  special  command  and  authority  to  pass,  search  for  seek  take 
and  apprehend 

1  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstra, 

2  John  dhu  MacGregor  his  brother,  (killed  at  Glenfruin), 

3  Dulechay  (/.£■.,  Dougal  chaich,  or  Dougal  of  the  mist)^  MacGregor, 

4  Duncan  Macgregor  his  brother, 

5  John  dhu  macneill  Marfarlane, 

6  Ewin  Macfarlane, 

7  Patrick  ower  MacGregor  (in  Cadderine — paternal  uncle  (youngest)  of 

Glenstray,  No.  38  of  1586), 

8  Duncan  Glen  MacGregor  (paternal  uncle  of  Glenstra,  13  of  1586), 

7  Alexander  Pudrach  MacGregor  (from  Balquhidder)  under  the  Laird  of 

Weyme  (4  of  1586), 

8  Alexander  gait  MacGregor  (paternal  uncle  of  Glenstra,  3  of  1586), 
'Patrick  Duncanson  in  Overzaldie,  (Innerzaldie,  9  of  1586), 
I  Gregor  (his  son), 

Duncan  his  son  in  Port  of  Latherne  (11  of  1586), 

Donald  dhu  (his  son)  in  Megor  (12  of  1586), 

•Finla,  his  son, 

Patrick  Johnstoun  MacGregor  in  Dalm-kland  (Dalmarglan), 

Patrick  Ammonach  (of  Glenalmond)  his  brother,  (died  before  1598), 



and  Gregor  Macphatricks  his  sons, 

19  John  Johnston  MacGregor,  in  Balenacoule, 

20  rDimcan  Macallaster  in  Dundurne  (15  (?) — 1586), 

21  j  John  Macallaster  his  brother  there  (16  (?) — 1586), 

22  I  John  Mac  Allaster  his  brother  in  Ballenacoule, 
1  Of  the  Dougal  Kier  or  Ciar  tribe,  the  name  sounding  alike. 

Proscription  after  death  of  Drummondernoch  207 

23/Gregor  Macilchallum  V^Gregor  in  Comrie, 
24 1  Galium  MacGregor  his  brother  in  Blairinroga, 

25  Duncan  slaach  MacGregor  in  Morell, 

26  Gregor  Cam  MacGregor  in  Donnyra  (Duneira), 

27  Gregor  Macconachy  moir  in  Finglen, 

28  William  Maceane  V^Donald  in  Clern, 

29  William  ovver  MacGregor  in  Tullichattill, 

30  Allaster  macconachy  moir  in  Glen  Torchan, 

31  Allaster  macneill  in  Tullibenacher, 

32 /Allaster  macphatrick  beg  in  Carraglen, 

33  iThomas  Macphatrick  his  brother  there, 

34  John  dhu  Mac  Allaster  in  Callander, 

35  rjohn  dhu  macconachy  V'^ Allaster  in  Rannoch, 
36^  Donald  dhu, 

37  [and  Archibald  dhu  his  brothers, 

38  Gregor  macean  V^Connachy, 

39  Neill  MacGregor, 

40  Allaster  MacGregor, 

41  fDougal  Chaich  MacGregor  (mentioned  previously), 

42  (Duncan  dhu  his  brother  (ditto), 
43/Duncan  ower  MacGregor  in  Duncrosk, 
44\Dougal  his  son, 

45  Gregor  beg  MacGregor, 

46  Gregor  macanroy  there, 

47  Dougal  maceanduy  in  Candkirk, 

48  John  macconachy  V'^eanduy  in  Rannoch, 

49  Duncan  macallaster  in  Fernay, 

50  ^John  dhu, 

51  land  Allaster  his  brother, 

52  Neill  macconachy, 

53  f  William  macneill  (52  (?)— 1586), 

54  I  Malcolm  his  brother, 

55  (  Neill  macneill  his  brother, 

56  John  bane  MacGregor  in  Fernay, 

57  Allaster  MacGregor  Cleroch  there, 

58  Duncan  macewin  in  Creichgarrow,  Grandson  of  Duncan  VI.  of  Roro, 

59  Gregor  Machutcheon  his  son  in  Couldar, 

60  Duncan  Maceancham  in  Tullichmullen, 

61  rGregor  macconachy  in  Rorow,  (Head  of  the  tribe  of  Roro), 
62J  John  dhu  his  brother, 

63 1  Allaster  macewin  there,  brother  of  Duncan  (58), 
64  iDuncan  Macconchy  clerich  there, 

2o8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1589-90 

65  rGregor  Macilchallum  in  Glenlyon, 
66J  Duncan, 

67  I  Neill, 

68  land  William  his  sons, 

69  rjohn  Macgregor  Jameson  in  ApinduU, 

70  J  William, 

71  (Dougal  his  brothers, 

72  Gregor  Maceanmoyle  (Maol,  bald,  tonsured)  in  Bofrak,  (97 — 1586), 

73  /Gregor  Macneill  V^Invallich  in  Ardewnaig,  (98 — 1856), 

74  Ewin  Maceanvallich  there,  (99 — 1586), 
75-^  John  Roy  Maceanvallich  there, 

76  Duncan  Macinvallich  in  Comrie, 

77  iDonald  Maceanvallich  his  brother,  (the  Mallochs), 

78  Allaster  Birrach  Macewinmoir, 

79  TMalcolm  Macdougalchere,  in  Balquhidder,  (ancestor  of  Innerardaren, 


80  Dougal  Maccoulchere  in  Glengyll, 

81  Duncan  macphatrick  V^Coulchere, 
821  John  his  brother, 

83  Patrick, 

84  and  Gregor  his  brothers, 

85  ijohn  Macgregor  V^Coulchere, 

86  Duncan  bane  macrob  V^earlach  in  Stukenroy,  (21 — 1586), 

87  John  Macrob  MacGregor  in  Ruchoise,  (22 — 1586), 

88  Gregor  macrob  MacGregor,  in  Comir,  (Foot  of  Benlomond,  on  north- 

east, 23—1586), 

89  /Galium   ]\rCallum   moir    MacGregor,    kurkhelich    (Knockheilt,    24 — 

90-  Galium  dhu  his  brother,  (25 — 1586), 

91  Robert  Roy  his  brother  in  Comrie,  (26 — 1856), 

92  Ijohn  dhu  Macrob  their  brother,  (27 — 1586), 

93  Allaster  Maccoul  V^Gregor  in  Dishoir,  (north  side  of  Loch  Tay,  28 — 


94  Malcolm  MacGregor  there,  (29 — 1586), 

95  Duncan  (30 — 1586), 

96  John  MacGregor  in  Drumnauchtie, 

97  Finla  Keir  MacGregor  in  Colcarrach,  (Culgart,  35 — 1586), 

98  Allaster  MacGregor  in  Strathfillan,  (36 — 1586), 

99  John  dhu  Macilchallum  V^Gregor,  (39 — 1586), 

100  Patrick  MacGregor  V^ilchallum, 

1 01  Duncan  Clerach  MacGregor,  (39 — 1586), 

Proscription  after  death  of  Drummondernoch  209 

102  Gregor  Craginslach  MacGregor,  (40 — 1586), 

103  Donald  ower  macean  clerach,  (41 — 1586,  M'^Inleith  ?), 

104  Malcolm  Glas  MacGregor  in  Kinnadie,  (48 — 1586), 

105  Dougal  Denestoun  MacGregor  (93 — 1586), 

106  Donald  maccoule  V^eandane, 

107  Malcolm  MacGregor  V^Neill  in  Rannoch, 

108  Dougal  his  brother, 

109  John  beg  clerach, 

I  TO  Duncan  MacGregor  in  TuUichew,  (Tullichewne  73 — 1586), 

111  John  dhu  macwilliam  V^Ilchallum, 

112  Duncan  MacGregor  M^VVilliam,  (74—1586), 

113  Galium  M'^William  MacGregor  in  Rannoch,  (77 — 1586), 

114  Duncan  M'^William  his  brother,  (75 — 1586), 

115  Galium  V^Neill  V^Ewin  V^Gregor,  (76—1586), 

116  Malcolm  MacGregor  VVVilliam  (79  (?)— 1586), 

117  Allaster  macinnes  in  Rannoch,  (80 — 1586), 

118  Gregor  macneill  VGregor,  Candochaach  (Candrochitmirk),  (81—1586), 
ii9|'John  his  son  Ardchalzie,  (or  Ardquhillerie ?),  (82 — 1586), 

i2oJEwin  MacGregor,  (83 — 1586), 

121  [and  Allaster  MacGregor,  his  brothers,  (84 — 1586), 

122  Allaster  macrob  in  Strathyre,  (85 — 1586), 

123  Walter  Macalpine  in  little  Gaikie,  (86—1586), 

124  Robert  Macalpine  his  son,  (87 — 1586), 

125  Murdoch  Macalpine  his  brother,  (88 — 1586), 

126  John  bane  macilchallum  glas  in  Rannoch,  (89 — 1586), 

127  Gregor  Ger  his  brother,  (90 — 1586), 
128J  John  m'^neill  his  brother  also,  (91  — 1586), 

129  Gregor  bane^  their  brother's  son,  (92 — 1586,  where  he  is  called  'Cam' 
\        instead  of  bane), 

130  Patrick  MacGregor  in  Cadderlie,  (38  again? — 1586), 

131  Ewin  erenoch  MacGregor, 

132  Patrick  maceanroy  MacGregor  in  Dundurn, 

133  Neill  macdonachie  V^Neill, 

134  Gregor  his  brother, 

135  Gregor  MacGregor  als  Colbanach, 

136  /-Malcolm  macean  v'^conachy  son  to  umquhile  John  Duncanson  in  Meltie, 

1 37  J  Duncan, 

138  [and  John  dhu  his  brothers, 

139  Patrick  MacGregor  in  Callendar, 

^  Noted,  it  is  said,  for  fleetness  of  foot. 
2  D 

2IO  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1590 

and  all  others  of  the  said  ClanGregor  or  their  Assisters  culpable  of  the  said 
odious  murder,  or  of  theft,  reset,  of  theft,  herships,  and  sorning  wherever  they  may 
be,  apprehended,  to  put  and  hold  them  in  ward,  and  to  the  knowledge  of  an  assize, 
or  assises  for  the  said  crimes,  and,  as  they  salbe  found  culpable,  or  innocent  to 
minister  justice  upon  them  conform  to  the  laws,  and  consuetude  of  this  realm  and 
for  that  effect  to  sett,  begin,  affirm,  hold,  and  continue  Courts  of  Justiciary  in 
whatever  parts,  or  places,  to  cause  suits  be  called,  to  fine  those  absent,  and  to 
punish  tresspassers,  to  make  create  substitute,  and  ordain  Deputes  under  them 
with  clerks,  servants,  Dempsters,  and  all  other  officers  and  members  of  Court 
needful,  for  whom  they  shall  be  holden  to  answer.  To  summon  warn  chuse  and 
cause  to  be  sworne  Assises  one  or  more  of  the  best  and  worthiest  persons  dwelling 
within  Stratherne,  Menteith,  Atholl,  Lenox,  and  four  halfs  about,  least  suspected 
and  that  best  knows  the  verity  of  the  said  matter,  each  person  under  the  pain  of 
forty  pounds ;  To  apply  the  escheits  of  the  persons  convicted,  and  to  be  justified  to 
the  dead,  the  one  half  to  his  Highness  Treasurer  or  Treasurer  Depute,  and  the 
other  half  of  the  same  to  the  takers  and  apprehenders  own  use  for  their  labour; 
and  if  any  of  the  persons  abovewritten  or  others  assisting  them  refuse  to  be  taken, 
and  fly  to  strengths  and  houses  to  pursue  and  besiege  them  with  fire  and  sword, 
raise  fire,  and  use  all  force  and  warlike  engines,  for  recovering  thereof  And  if  any 
of  them  shall  be  hurt,  slain,  or  mutilated,  or  any  destruction  of  houses  and  goods 
take  place,  Decerning  and  declaring  that  the  same  shall  be  imputed  for  no  crime 
or  offence  to  the  said  commissioners,  nor  they  nor  none  of  them  shall  be  called  or 
accused  criminally  or  civilly  in  any  manner  of  way,  in  time  coming  Discharging 
and  exonerating  them  of  the  same  for  ever  by  these  presents,  and  that  the  said 
Commission  be  extended  in  the  best  form  with  all  clauses  needful  and  for  the 
space  of  three  years  after  the  same  to  endure." — Rec.  Sec.  Con.  Acta  Vol.,  from 
1587  to  1589. 

The  following  Complaint  appears  in  the  Register  of  Hornings,  Perth : — 

"1590.  April  4.  Complaint  at  the  instance  of  Levingstoun  with  the  bairnis  and 
remanent  friendis  of  Johne  Drummond  of  Drummenerinoch  upon  Alester 
MacGregour  of  Glenstra,  John  Dow  MacGregour  his  brother  (here  follows  a 
recapitulation  of  the  list  of  names  which  has  been  previously  given)  charging 
them  with  coming  to  the  number  of  four  hundred  persons,  setting  upon  the 
said  John  Drummond  (being  direct  be  Patrick  Lord  Drummond  to  our  park 
and  forestis,  for  slaying  of  weansone  to  have  been  sent  to  our  palice  of 
Halieruidhous  for  preparation  to  have  been  made  for  the  quene  our  darrest 
spouse  cuming  to  our  realm  than  luikit  for)  and  there  schamefuUie  and 
cruellie  and  unmercifuUie  slew  and  murdered  him,  cuttit  off  his  hand  after 
the  said  murder  and  caried  the  same  to  the  Laird  MacGregor  quha  with  the 

i59o]  Death  of  Drummondernoch  211 

haill  persons  above  written  purposelie  convened  upon  the  next  Sunday 
thereafter  at  the  Kirk  of  Balquhidder  where  they  causit  the  said  Johne's 
hand  be  presented  to  them  and  allowed  that  the  said  murder  was  done  by 
their  common  consent  and  counsel,  laid  their  hands  upon  the  samye  and 
swore  to  defend  the  authors  thereof  against  all  that  would  see  the  revenge 

In  the  above  document  it  must  be  observed  that  the  "  hand "  of  the 
murdered  man  is  mentioned  instead  of  the  "  head,"  an  important  difference 
in  refutation  of  the  Ardvorlich  legend. 

The  Princess  of  Denmark  sailed  for  Scotland  in  August  1589,  when 
the  ship  was  beaten  back  by  storms.  The  King  eventually  embarked  on 
the  22nd  October  to  fetch  his  bride ;  the  royal  marriage  took  place  on  the 
23rd  November,  the  winter  was  spent  in  Denmark,  and  the  royal  pair 
landed  at  Leith  on  the  ist  May  1590. 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1590.  April  7.  James  Commendator  of  Inchaffray,^  brother  of  Lord 
Drummond  was  by  the  High  Court  of  Justiciary  at  Edinburgh  called  to 
produce  letters  at  the  instance  of  the  Kin  and  friends  of  the  late  John 
Drummond  of  Drummondernoch  to  be  surety  of  a  considerable  number  of 
the  individuals  of  the  ClanGregor  who  had  been  denounced  nominatim  by 
the  Secret  Council  4.  Feb.  preceding,  viz  Patrik  Duncanson  in  Overzeldie, 
Gregour  Duncan  Donald  Dow,  Finlay  and  Duncan  his  sones,  Duncane 
M'^AUaster  in  Dundurne  John  M^AUaster  his  brother  yair,  Gregour  Cam 
M'^Gregour  in  Doura,  Gregour  M^Condoquhie  Vayne  in  Finglene  William 
M'^Ewin  VDonald  in  Clwnye  (Cluny)  William  our  M'^Gregour  in  TuUie- 
chettill,  AUaster  M'^Patrik  beig  in  Fame  Glen,  Thomas  MThatrik  his 
brother,  Dougall  M'^Coullicheir  in  Glengyle,  Malcum  M'^Dougallcheir  in 
Balquhidder,  Allester  ^FRobb  in  Strathyre  his 

sones  Gregour  M'^Gregour  alias  Cattanach,  Malcum  M'^Ewin  V^Conquhill 
sone  to  umquhile  Johne  Duncansoun  in  Mevie,  Duncan  his  brother,  John 
Dow  his  brother ;  That  they  sail  compeir  for  the  slaughter  of  the  said  umqle 
John  Drummond." — Record  of  Justiciary. 

The  foregoing  papers  give  a  very  circumstantial  account  of  the  murder, 
although  without  any  details,  and  lay  it  to  the  charge  of  some  of  the 

^  On  Aug.  31,  1590,  the  Commendator  was  "unlawit"  fined  in  the  pains  contenit  in  Act 
of  Parliament  for  nocht  production  thairof  upoun  ilk  ane  of  the  persones  abone  written  in  the 
pane  of  fourtie  pounds. 

2  14  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

to  the  hill,  where  according  to  the  tradition  she  remained  for  some  time  amongst 
the  Deer  until  her  Husband  found  her  one  night  in  a  hut  and  took  her  home  next 
morning.  That  according  to  the  same  tradition  a  poor  woman  of  Glencoe  a 
Druidess,  threw  a  spell  over  the  Forrester  which  deprived  him  of  the  power  of 
seeing  an  enemy  :  owing  to  which  spell  he  would  not  believe  his  servant  when  he 
informed  him  that  he  saw  the  Maclans  approaching  and  advised  him  to  fly  when 
he  saw  danger.  That  when  Ardvorlich's  Lady  was  brought  back  she  had  a  stone 
in  her  hand,  which  is  called  the  Red  Stone,  but  which  the  deponent  who  had  seen 
it  thought  resembled  a  chrystal.  and  he  knows  that  people  from  a  distance  are  still 
in  the  practice  of  coming  to  Ardvorlich  and  taking  away  water  in  bottles  for  the 
cure  of  their  cattle,  after  the  same  being  stirred  about  with  the  stone  to  which  there 
was  a  chain  attached,  And  being  interrogated  whether  he  had  not  heard  that  the 
above  slaughter  was  imputed  to  the  Macgregors  Depones  that  he  heard  so  only 
lately  having  heard  of  old  what  he  has  already  deponed  to.  And  being  asked 
what  impression  that  late  report  made  upon  him  ?  Depones  that  he  considers  it  to 
be  a  lie,  never  having  heard  of  any  enemity  between  the  Drummonds  and  the 
Macgregors  but  on  the  contrary  that  they  were  in  friendship.  That  the  Deponent 
also  heard  the  foregoing  tradition  from  other  people,  and  particularly  about  thirty 
years  ago  from  John  MacGregor  who  resided  at  Meovey  in  the  parish  of  Comrie, 
and  who  died  about  four  years  ago  aged  nearly  loo.  That  he  has  heard  of  the 
M'^Ians  and  some  of  the  Glengarry  MacDonalds  headed  by  Glengarry's  Brother 
whose  title  was  Achuanie,  having  plundered  Breadalbane  and  of  the  MacEans 
having  once  plundered  Glenlyon,  which  was  the  cause  of  the  enemity  between  the 
Campbells  and  the  Glencoe  people.  And  being  asked  if  ever  he  heard  of  the 
Forresters  head  having  been  brought  to  the  Kirktown  of  Balquhidder  and  tossed 
about  by  the  Macgregors,  Depones  that  he  never  did  and  that  it  was  impossible 
that  he  ever  could  have  heard  it  as  he  had  never  heard  the  murder  imputed  to  the 
MacGregors,  excepting  very  lately  as  before  mentioned,  and  if  such  a  remarkable 
circumstance  had  happened  he  thinks  the  tradition  could  not  have  passed  away. 
And  being  asked  if  he  had  ever  heard  of  seventeen  or  any  other  number  of 
Macgregors  being  hanged  upon  one  tree  in  Balquhidder?  Depones  that  he  never 
heard  of  such  a  report,  and  considers  it  highly  increditable  that  if  such  a  circum- 
stance had  happened,  the  tradition  could  have  died  away,  and  all  this  is  truth  as  he 
shall  answer  to  God." 

"  signed  Alex  :  M^Nab 

Jo,  Coldstream  J  P." 

"  Robert  MacGregor  in  Middle  Achtow  one  of  the  Elders  of  the  Parish  of 
Balquhidder  aged  sventy  four,  being  solemnly  sworn  and  examined  on  oath 
Depones  that  he  is  the  sixth  generation  of  Macgregors  who  have  lived  in  Achtow. 

Traditions  about  death  of  Drummondearnach  2 1 5 

That  his  father  was  born  in  1701  and  lived  to  the  age  of  77,  That  the  invariable 
report  from  his  infancy  with  regard  to  the  slaughter  of  Drummond  Earnach  the 
Forester  of  Glenartney,  which  the  Deponent  had  from  his  father  and  many  others 
was  that  it  was  committed  by  the  Maclans  or  MacDonalds  of  Glencoe  That  it  was 
in  consequence  of  an  injury  done  by  the  Forrester  to  some  of  the  Clan  Ian,  a  party 
of  whom  came  down  for  the  purpose  of  putting  him  to  death.  And  being  examined 
with  regard  to  the  other  particulars  in  the  preceding  Deposition  and  afterwards 
having  heard  the  same  read  over  to  him  Depones  and  concurs  with  regard  to  the 
servant  running  off  from  the  Forrester  when  the  Maclans  approached  :  of  his  head 
being  cut  off  and  carried  to  Ardvorlich  :  of  the  Forrester's  sister  the  landlady 
entertaining  them  :  of  the  caiper  being  put  to  the  head  in  her  sight ;  of  her  going 
to  the  hill  distracted  when  she  saw  her  brother's  head ;  of  her  being  taken  back  by 
her  husband,  and  of  the  spell  or  witchcraft  which  prevented  the  Forrester  from 
seeing  his  enemies  ;  Depones  that  the  preceding  tradition  is  more  familiar  to  the 
Deponent  from  the  circumstance,  that  his  great  grandfather  by  his  father's  side  was 
a  son  of  the  daughter  of  the  Lady  Ardvorlich  who  was  distracted  and  ran  off  to  the 
hill  as  before  mentioned,  and  who  was  sister  of  the  Forrester  so  put  to  death. 
Depones  That  he  never  heard  of  the  report  of  the  murder  being  imputed  to  the 
Macgregors  till  questioned  respecting  this  his  deposition.  And  which  report  he 
believes  to  be  false  having  always  heard  that  the  Drummonds  and  Macgregors 
lived  in  a  friendly  way.  That  he  has  often  heard  that  the  Maclans  of  Glenco 
were  in  the  practice  of  coming  down  and  subsisting  themselves  by  plunder  in  this 
and  the  neighbouring  parts  of  the  country.  And  being  asked  if  he  ever  heard  of 
seventeen  or  any  other  number  of  Macgregors  being  hanged  on  one  tree  in 
Balquhidder  Depones  that  he  never  heard  of  such  report  and  he  thinks  it  improb 
able  from  never  having  heard  of  it.  And  all  this  truth  as  I  shall  answer  to  God." 
"Robert  MacGregor        JO.  Coldstream  J.P." 

Traditional  account  of  the  murder  of  Drummond  Earnach  : — 
"Balquhidder  16.  Dec.  1813. 

"  During  the  time  that  Drummond  Earnach  was  Forrester  in  Glenartna  two 
young  boys  named  Johnstons  or  Clan  Eoin  Glencoe  having  gone  to  that  place  for 
the  purpose  of  hunting  the  Deers,  Drummond  Earnach  upon  seeing  them  took 
hold  of  them  and  clipped  their  ears  desiring  them  to  go  home,  when  they  reached 
home  they  told  what  had  happened  to  them  to  their  friends,  who  being  so  enraged 
that  they  swore  they  would  be  revenged  upon  him  for  treating  them  so  roughly. 
They  immediately  dispatched  an  old  wife  who  went  under  the  name  of  a  witch  to 
bewitch  Drummond  Earnach.  She  goes  to  his  sister  who  being  Lady  of  Ardvorlich 
at  that  time  and  says  to  her,  that  if  she  would  compliment  well,  she  would  give  her 
a  piece  of  cloth,  which  being  sewed  to  her  brother's  coat  he  would  never  see  his 
enemy.     The  lady  thinking  that  the  old  wife  meant  that  her  brother  never  would 

2i6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

have  an  enemy,  gave  her  some  thing  and  accordingly  the  piece  cloth  was  sewn  to 
his  coat,  and  shortly  after  this  a  band  of  Clann  Eoin's  friends  went  to  Glenartna 
there  to  lay  wait  for  Drummond  Earnach,  and  as  soon  as  they  saw  him  they  ran 
towards  him  his  servant  seeing  them  coming  warned  his  master,  and  made  off 
himself,  Drummond  Earnach  not  seeing  any,  would  not  follow  his  servant,  he  was 
seized  and  his  head  cut  off." 

The  ghastly  tale  of  the  head  having  been  placed  on  the  table  at  Ard- 
vorlich  as  related  by  Sir  Walter  Scott  is  repeated,  adding  that  the  lady  was 
for  a  week  in  the  forests  among  the  deer,  but  was  found  and  brought  home ; 
her  child  was  born  directly  afterwards,  and  became  a  Major  in  the  army. 

The  deposition  is  thus  certified — 

"  We  Alexander  M'^Nab,  Lochearnhead  and  Robert  M'^Gregor  Auchtow  Bal- 
quhidder  do  affirm  that  we  heard  the  above  circumstances  told  by  the  people  after 
mentioned  all  of  them  to  the  same  purpose,  Alex :  M'^Nab  heard  it  from  one  John 
Carmichael  Glen  Dochart  who  died  about  forty  years  ago — from  John  M'^Gregor 
Meovie  east  end  of  Lochearn  where  he  died  above  three  years  ago  and  was  about 
98  years  of  age  also  from  Lieutenant  Stewart  Perthshire  Militia ;  Robert  M'^Gregor 
from  his  father  Hugh  M'^Gregor." 
"  signed 

"Alexr  M'^Nab. 
"Robert  MacGregor." 

"Manse  of  Balquhidder,  19  June  181 7. 
"  Robert  MacGregor  an  elder  of  the  Parish  of  Balquhidder  in  which  his  Grand- 
Father  &  Great  grandfather  were  also  elders  in  presence  of  the  Rev.  Alexander 
MacGregor  Minister  of  the  said  Parish,  states  that  since  he  emitted  his  affidavit 
relative  to  the  murder  of  Drummond  Earnach  which  had  been  unjustly  ascribed  to 
persons  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  he  has  been  informed  by  several  Natives  of 
Lochaber  that  Allister  MacDhuil,  Paternal  Brother  of  MacDonald  of  Keppoch, 
having  conceived  the  design  of  seizing  on  Keppoch's  lands  in  the  minority  of  his 
three  sons,  went  to  the  house  of  Keppoch  on  the  pretence  of  visiting  his  nephews, 
on  their  return  from  school,  that  Alister  MacDhuil  was  accompanied  by  his  six  sons 
that  the  servants  of  the  family  were  in  the  fields  cutting  down  corn,  and  the  Boys 
left  in  the  house  ;  that  their  uncle  and  his  sons  taking  advantage  of  this  circumstance 
put  the  boys  to  death  that  Ian  Lom  a  celebrated  Bard,  and  a  friend  of  the  young 
men  had  charge  of  the  family,  and  was  superintending  the  Shearers  at  harvest 
work ;  that  having  observed  Alister  MacDhuil  and  his  sons  going  through  the 
motion  of  taking  leave  of  the  boys  at  the  door  and  sometime  after  the  departure  of 
these  men,  thinking  it  strange  that  the  boys  did  not  come  to  see  the  people  at  work, 
Ian  Lom  went  to  look  after  them  and  was  horrorstruck  at  finding  them  murdered 

Traditions  about  death  of  Drummondearnach  2 1 7 

that  Alister  MacDhuil  and  his  sons  immediately  left  their  country  under  a  con- 
sciousness of  the  criminality  of  this  atrocious  murder  that  they  skulked  seven  years 
in  different  parts  of  the  neighbouring  countries,  and  haunted  a  considerable  part  of 
that  time  in  Perthshire  and  particularly  near  the  forest  of  Glenartney  where  they 
were  in  the  habit  of  making  free  with  the  deer ;  that  the  present  Mr  Stewart  of 
Ardvorlich  had  informed  the  Declarent,  that  these  men  had  built  a  hut  in  Finglen 
the  most  eastern  farm  of  his  estate  very  near  the  forest  where  they  principally 
resided  for  two  years ;  that  the  Forrester  Drummone  Earanach  having  cropped  the 
ears  of  these  sons  of  Alister  ^rDhuil  or  of  some  of  that  tribe  as  a  punishment  for 
their  trespasses  in  the  forest,  his  own  murder  was  the  consequence  of  their  revenge 
as  the  Declarent  verily  believes  ;  that  Alister  MacDhuil  and  his  sons  having  after- 
wards returned  to  their  own  country  were  apprehended,  and  their  heads  thrown 
into  a  well  not  far  from  the  house  of  Glengarry,  called  to  this  day  Tobar  nan  ceann, 
or  the  Well  of  the  heads,  That  the  Declarent  was  credibly  informed  that  there  is  a 
tribe  of  MacDonalds  called  Clann  Dhuil ;  another  styled  Clan  Fhionla  and  that 
several  other  tribes  of  MacDonalds  have  family  patronymics  ;  that  the  imputation 
of  this  murder  falsely  made  against  the  Macgregors  was  founded  on  no  better 
grounds  than  the  circumstance  of  a  tribe  of  that  Clan  being  called  Clan  Duil ; 
whereas  there  are  many  tribes  in  the  Highlands  of  other  subnames  bearing  the 
patronimic  of  Clann  Duil." 

"  Robert  MacGregor." 

The  above  declaration  emitted  and  signed  in  presence  of  Alexander  MacGregor, 
Min.  of  Balquhidder. 

Letter  from  Duncan  Stewart  of  Glenbuckie  to  the  Rev.  Alexander 
MacGregor,  minister  of  Balquhidder  : — 

"  5.  August  1820. 
"  Rev.  dear  Sir, 

"  From  having  read  the  '  Legend  of  Montrose,'  containing 
allusions  to  the  Children  of  the  Mist  (M'^Gregors)  as  being  the  perpetrators  of 
that  horrid  deed  mentioned  therein,  I  am  led  to  suppose  that  the  author  who  often 
blends  truth  and  fiction  together,  has  had  an  erroneous  accouut  of  an  antient  but 
true  story  handed  down  in  the  upper  parts  of  Perth  and  Argyleshire  from  father  to 
son,  upon  which  he  founded  this  part  of  his  narrative.  If  my  memory  is  correct, 
the  story  ran  thus  : — The  Maclans  of  Glencoe  being  upon  an  excursion  to  the 
Lowlands,  as  then  not  uncommon,  being  disappointed  on  their  expedition,  of  course 
much  in  want  of  food,  in  passing  through  the  King's  forrest  in  Perthshire  killed  a 
hart  or  deer,  the  keepers  with  the  principal,  Drummond  ernach  as  leader,  appre- 
hended the  Maclans  and  sent  them  home  with  bloody  ears,  having  literally  cropped 
them,  such  insult  being  more  than  death  was  not  to  be  forgiven,  The  Clan  of 

2  £ 

2i8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

course  rushed  from  their  mountains  seized  upon  the  unfortunate  Drummond,  cut 
off  his  head,  came  to  his  sister's  house  who  ignorant  of  the  deed  and  by  way  of 
Peace  offering  entertained  them  and  who  upon  her  return  to  the  guest  chamber, 
observed  her  brother's  head  upon  the  table  with  bread  and  cheese  in  the  mouth. 
The  consequence  to  the  poor  woman  was  distraction  running  wild  with  the  animals 
of  the  forrest  as  hinted  in  the  Legend. 

"  All  the  share  the  children  of  the  Mist  or  M'^Gregors  had  in  these  horrid  trans- 
actions was  perhaps  over  stretched  hospitality  in  screening  the  Maclans  till  they 
could  make  their  escape  to  their  own  (for  those  days)  impregnable  mountains. 
Having  heard  of  late  a  good  deal  of  conversation  of  this  affair  I  think  it  right  that 
Sir  John  should  be  informed  of  what  was  currently  said  of  it  in  my  younger  days,  My 
sister  who  is  much  better  versed  in  highland  story  than  I  am  joins  in  regard  with 
"  Dear  Sir  Your  faithful  &  obd. 

"  Dun.  Stewart." 

Letter  from  the  Rev.  Alexander  Irvine,  minister  of  Little  Dunkeld, 
well  known  for  his  acquaintance  with  all  Highland  subjects,  to  Captain 
Donald  MacGregor,  96  Reg.  of  Foot,  Ayr,  afterwards  proprietor  of  Balnald 
Strathardle,  Perthshire : — 

"Dunkeld  12.  July  181 5. 
"  With  regard  to  the  murder  of  Drummond  Erinach  by  a  few  MacGregors  it  is 
a  made  up  story  to  answer  the  purpose  intended,  that  is  to  deprive  them  of  all  their 
lands.  He  was  murdered  by  the  Johnsons  or  Maclans  of  Ardnamurchan,  a  sept  of 
the  MacDonalds  who  even  as  far  down  as  the  1752.  regularly  laid  the  country  under 
contribution.  Being  three  years  minister  in  their  country,  I  had  every  opportunity 
of  knowing  the  history  of  this  roving  tribe.  It  is  well  known  that  they  came  to  hunt 
in  the  forest  of  Sechallin,  Ben  Douran,  Cruach,  and  others.  Walter  Scott  took  the 
story  as  he  found  it  and  unfortunately  gave  celebrity  to  a  falsehood.  I  have  written 
the  history  of  the  ClanGregor  as  a  part  of  my  account  of  the  Scotch  Clans  in  which 
I  have  endeavoured  to  do  justice  to  a  long  oppressed  though  noble  and  generous 
race.  If  a  party  of  the  MacGregors  should  have  in  a  hunting  match  killed  a  rival 
it  would  not  surprise  any  one  acquainted  with  the  history  of  the  age ;  such  things 
happened  every  day,  but  it  is  enough  for  ClanGregor  to  bear  their  own  burdens." 

The  foregoing  depositions  are  in  themselves  interesting,  whatever  weight 
they  may  be  allowed  to  carry. 

The  Chief  at  the  time  of  the  transaction  was  Allaster  Roy,  son  of  the 
Gregor  Roy  who  was  so  ruthlessly  murdered  by  old  Sir  Colin  Campbell, 
under  colour  of  judicial  execution  in  1570.     A  sense  of  terrible  injustice, 

Poem  by  Sir  Alexander  Boswell       219 

the  knowledge  that  his  Clan  could  do  no  right  in  the  eyes  of  their  cruel 
enemies  and  traducers,  must  have  most  deeply  goaded  him  if  (?)  he  took 
the  desperate  resolution  of  accepting  for  himself  and  his  followers  the  full 
responsibility  of  the  foul  deed,  by  whomsoever  it  might  have  been  done. 
With  the  following  extract  from  a  poem  on  the  subject,  this  painful  chapter 
may  be  fitly  closed  : — 

Quotation  from  a  poem  by  Sir  Alexander  Boswell,  printed 
in  181i,  but  not  published. 

"And  pausing  on  the  banner  gazed  : 
Then  cried  in  scorn  his  finger  raised, 
*  This  was  the  boon  of  Scotland's  King,' 
And  with  a  quick  and  angry  fling, 
Tossing  the  pageant  screen  away, 
The  dead  man's  head  before  him  lay, 
Unmoved  he  scann'd  the  visage  o'er 
The  clotted  locks  were  dark  with  gore 
The  features  with  convulsion  grim 
The  eyes  contorted,  sunk  and  dim, 
But  unappalled,  in  angry  mood. 
With  lowering  brow  unmoved  he  stood. 
Upon  the  head  his  bared  right  hand 
He  laid,  the  other  grasped  his  brand  : 
Then  kneeling,  cried,  '  To  Heaven  I  swear 
This  deed  of  death  I  own,  and  share ; 
As  truly,  fully  mine,  as  though 
This  my  right  hand  had  dealt  the  blow ; 
Come  then  on,  our  foemen,  one  come  all ; 
If  to  revenge  this  caitiff's  fall 
One  blade  is  bared,  one  bow  is  drawn, 
Mine  everlasting  peace  I  pawn 
To  claim  from  them  or  claim  from  him. 
In  retribution,  limb  for  Umb. 
In  sudden  fray,  or  open  strife, 
This  steel  shall  render  life  for  life.' 

He  ceased ;  and  at  his  beckoning  nod, 
The  clansmen  to  the  altar  trod ; 

2i8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

course  rushed  from  their  mountains  seized  upon  the  unfortunate  Drummond,  cut 
off  his  head,  came  to  his  sister's  house  who  ignorant  of  the  deed  and  by  way  of 
Peace  offering  entertained  them  and  who  upon  her  return  to  the  guest  chamber, 
observed  her  brother's  head  upon  the  table  with  bread  and  cheese  in  the  mouth. 
The  consequence  to  the  poor  woman  was  distraction  running  wild  with  the  animals 
of  the  forrest  as  hinted  in  the  Legend. 

"All  the  share  the  children  of  the  Mist  or  M'^Gregors  had  in  these  horrid  trans- 
actions was  perhaps  over  stretched  hospitality  in  screening  the  Maclans  till  they 
could  make  their  escape  to  their  own  (for  those  days)  impregnable  mountains. 
Having  heard  of  late  a  good  deal  of  conversation  of  this  affair  I  think  it  right  that 
Sir  John  should  be  informed  of  what  was  currently  said  of  it  in  my  younger  days.  My 
sister  who  is  much  better  versed  in  highland  story  than  I  am  joins  in  regard  with 
"  Dear  Sir  Your  faithful  &  obd. 

"  Dun.  Stewart." 

Letter  from  the  Rev.  Alexander  Irvine,  minister  of  Little  Dunkeld, 
well  known  for  his  acquaintance  with  all  Highland  subjects,  to  Captain 
Donald  MacGregor,  96  Reg.  of  Foot,  Ayr,  afterwards  proprietor  of  Balnald 
Strathardle,  Perthshire : — 

"Dunkeld  12.  July  181 5. 
"  With  regard  to  the  murder  of  Drummond  Erinach  by  a  few  MacGregors  it  is 
a  made  up  story  to  answer  the  purpose  intended,  that  is  to  deprive  them  of  all  their 
lands.  He  was  murdered  by  the  Johnsons  or  Maclans  of  Ardnamurchan,  a  sept  of 
the  MacDonalds  who  even  as  far  down  as  the  1752.  regularly  laid  the  country  under 
contribution.  Being  three  years  minister  in  their  country,  I  had  every  opportunity 
of  knowing  the  history  of  this  roving  tribe.  It  is  well  known  that  they  came  to  hunt 
in  the  forest  of  Sechallin,  Ben  Douran,  Cruach,  and  others.  Walter  Scott  took  the 
story  as  he  found  it  and  unfortunately  gave  celebrity  to  a  falsehood.  I  have  written 
the  history  of  the  ClanGregor  as  a  part  of  my  account  of  the  Scotch  Clans  in  which 
I  have  endeavoured  to  do  justice  to  a  long  oppressed  though  noble  and  generous 
race.  If  a  party  of  the  MacGregors  should  have  in  a  hunting  match  killed  a  rival 
it  would  not  surprise  any  one  acquainted  with  the  history  of  the  age ;  such  things 
happened  every  day,  but  it  is  enough  for  ClanGregor  to  bear  their  own  burdens." 

The  foregoing  depositions  are  in  themselves  interesting,  whatever  weight 
they  may  be  allowed  to  carry. 

The  Chief  at  the  time  of  the  transaction  was  Allaster  Roy,  son  of  the 
Gregor  Roy  who  was  so  ruthlessly  murdered  by  old  Sir  Colin  Campbell, 
under  colour  of  judicial  execution  in  1570.     A  sense  of  terrible  injustice, 

Poem  by  Sir  Alexander  Boswell       219 

the  knowledge  that  his  Clan  could  do  no  right  in  the  eyes  of  their  cruel 
enemies  and  traducers,  must  have  most  deeply  goaded  him  if  (?)  he  took 
the  desperate  resolution  of  accepting  for  himself  and  his  followers  the  full 
responsibility  of  the  foul  deed,  by  whomsoever  it  might  have  been  done. 
With  the  following  extract  from  a  poem  on  the  subject,  this  painful  chapter 
may  be  fitly  closed  : — 

Quotation  from  a  poem  by  Sir  Alexander  Boswell,  printed 

IN    181I,   BUT   not   published. 

"  And  pausing  on  the  banner  gazed  : 
Then  cried  in  scorn  his  finger  raised, 
*  This  was  the  boon  of  Scotland's  King,' 
And  with  a  quick  and  angry  fling, 
Tossing  the  pageant  screen  away. 
The  dead  man's  head  before  him  lay, 
Unmoved  he  scann'd  the  visage  o'er 
The  clotted  locks  were  dark  with  gore 
The  features  with  convulsion  grim 
The  eyes  contorted,  sunk  and  dim. 
But  unappalled,  in  angry  mood. 
With  lowering  brow  unmoved  he  stood. 
Upon  the  head  his  bared  right  hand 
He  laid,  the  other  grasped  his  brand  : 
Then  kneeling,  cried,  '  To  Heaven  I  swear 
This  deed  of  death  I  own,  and  share ; 
As  truly,  fully  mine,  as  though 
This  my  right  hand  had  dealt  the  blow ; 
Come  then  on,  our  foemen,  one  come  all ; 
If  to  revenge  this  caitiff's  fall 
One  blade  is  bared,  one  bow  is  drawn, 
Mine  everlasting  peace  I  pawn 
To  claim  from  them  or  claim  from  him, 
In  retribution,  limb  for  limb. 
In  sudden  fray,  or  open  strife. 
This  steel  shall  render  life  for  life.' 

He  ceased ;  and  at  his  beckoning  nod, 
The  clansmen  to  the  altar  trod ; 

2  20  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

And  not  a  whisper  breathed  around, 

And  nought  was  heard  of  mortal  sound, 

Save  for  the  clanking  arms  they  bore 

That  rattled  on  the  marble  floor. 

And  each  as  he  approached  in  haste, 

Upon  the  scalp  his  right  hand  placed ; 

With  livid  lip  and  gathered  brow 

Each  uttered  in  turn  the  vow 

Fierce  Malcolm  watch'd  the  passing  scene. 

And  searched  them  through  with  glances  keen 

Then  dashed  a  teardrop  from  his  eye ; 

Unbid  it  came — he  knew  not  why. 

Exulting  high,  he  towering  stood  ; 

'  Kinsmen,'  he  cried,  '  of  Alpin's  blood 

And  worthy  of  Clan  Alpin's  name, 

Unstained  by  cowardice  or  shame, 

E'en  do,  spare  nocht,  in  time  of  ill 

Shall  be  Clan  Alpin's  legend  still.' " 

Chapter  XIX 

Proclamation  against  the  Clan  Gregor 

J*ROM  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council  :— 

"1590.  July  13th. 

"  The  King  &  Council  understanding  that  the  ClanGregor  being  for  the 
maist  pairt  denunceit  his  Hienes  rebeUis  and  at  the  Home  for  divers  horribill 
crymes  and  offensis.  have  of  late  '  convocate  thame  selffis  togidder  in  greit 
cumpanyis,  and  associat  and  drawin  onto  thame  the  broken  men  of  sindry 
cuntreis,  quha  at  thair  pleasour  hes  maist  cruellie  and  tressonablie  rasit  fyre, 
brynt,  slayne,  and  hereit  his  Hienes  gude  subjectis,  reft  and  takin  thair 
gudis,  and  utherwayis  opprest  thame  in  sic  sort  as  thair  landis  and  boundis 
ar  altogedder  laid  waist,  and  sindry  baronis,  gentilmen  and  uthris  compellit 
to  leif  thar  huossis,  to  thair  utter  wrak,  and  greit  contempt  of  his  Majestic, 
and  his  authoritie  and  hurt  of  the  commonweil  of  theis  realme,  uttering 
herewithall  a  disdayne  as  it  war  to  his  Majestie  and  all  that  professis  his 
obedience,  be  countefaitting  of  his  princelie  power,  making  of  unlauchfuU 
vowes,  gevand  proude  and  disdainfuU  specheis,  and  using  of  sindry  uther 
tressonabill  and  extraordinar  deidis  in  maist  barbarous  and  ethnik  manner, 
as  thair  wer  nayther  God  nor  man  to  controU  and  repres  this  thair  con- 
temptuous and  insolent  forme  of  doeing:'  and  his  Majestie  having  'eftir 
consultatioun  had  theiranent  with  certain  nobill  men,  baronis  and  utheris 
inhabitantis  of  the  cuntreis  maist  ewest  to  the  saidis  rebellis,'  and  with 
advice  of  his  council  '  thocht  meit  and  concludit  that  the  same  rebellis, 
thair  resettaries,  assistaris  and  partakeris  salbe  persewit  with  fyre  and 
sword  and  all  kind  of  extremitie,  ay  and  Quhill  they  be  reduceit '  to  that 
effect  full  power  and  commissioun  of  justiciary  has  been  given  to  Sir 
Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  '  to  do  exerce  and  use  that  in  the  premississ 
and  for  executioun  thairof  is  necessarlie  requirit  to  be  dune'  with  full 
indemnity  for  him  and  his  auxiliaries  in  such  proceedings.  But  '  because  it 
is  understood  to  his  Majestie  that  thair  is  sum  bandis  of  mantenance  and 
friendschip  standing  betuix  the  said  Sir  Duncane  Campbell  and  sum  of  the 

222  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1590 

principallas  of  the  said  ClanGregour,  as  alsua  betuix  thame  and  sindry 
utheris  nobillmen  baronis  and  gentilmen  of  the  cuntre,  quhilkis  gif  thay 
salbe  sufferit  to  stand  and  have  effect  may  grietlie  hurt  and  prejudidige  the 
execution  of  this  present  commission,'  the  present  act  discharges  all  the 
said  bandis,  and  ordains  the  said  Sir  Duncane  not  to  band  with  the  said 
rebellis  in  time  cuming,  Proclamation  hereof  is  to  be  made  at  the  market 
crosses  and  all  the  lieges  within  the  said  boundis  and  especiallie  Johnne 
Earl  of  Montrois  Johnne  Earl  of  Menteith,  Johnne  Murray  of  TuUibardin, 
George  Buchannane  of  that  Ilk  Andro  MTarlane  of  Arrochair,  and  the 
Barons  and  gentilmen  of  sic  pairtis  of  Ergyle  as  are  maist  ewest  thar  unto 
'  are  to  assist  the  said  Duncane  in  the  execution  of  this  present  commission, 
under  the  penalty  of  being  held  as  art  and  part  with  the  rebels.  Further 
George  Earl  of  Huntly,  Arch  :  Earl  of  Ergyle,  Johnne  Campbell  of  Gadder, 
James  Campbell  of  Ardkinglas  his  curators,  Johnne  Earl  of  Atholl, 
Lauchlane  M^Intoshe  of  Dunnaughtane,  and  Johnne  Grant  of  Freuchie 
are  commanded  to  find  sureties  within  15  days  after  being  charged,  that  they 
and  each  of  them  '  sail  concur,  and  fortifie  and  assist  the  said  Sir  Duncane  ' 
also  under  the  pain  of  being  reputed  art  and  part  with  the  said  Clan." 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  :— 

"  1590.  Aug.  I.  Decreet  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  in  virtue  of 
his  infeftment  and  Sasine  against  Alexander  Roy  MacGregor  (Allester 
MacGregor  of  Glenstray)  Donald  Maclntyre  and  John  IVFapersone  (Mac- 
pherson)  occupiers  of  Stronmelochan,  Patrick  MacGregor  V^Donald  occupier 
of  TuUich,  John  dhu  MacGregor  and  Neill  MacGregor  his  brother,  occupiers 
of  Dowletter,  Patrick  MacGregor  occupier  of  Castellan,  and  Patrick  Cure 
MacGregor  occupier  of  Derdoniche  :  Defenders  decerned  in  absence  to  flit 
and  remove." — Gen.  Reg.  Decreets  of  the  Court  of  Session.  Volcxxv.fol.  216. 

Allaster  Roy  MacGregor  (VII.),  eldest  son  of  Gregor  Roy  nam  Basan 
Geal,  by  his  wife  the  daughter  of  Campbell  of  Glenlyon,  must  have  been 
very  young  at  the  time  of  his  father's  death  in  1570.  Ewin  MacGregor, 
"  Tutour  of  Glenstray,"  is  frequently  mentioned  in  public  documents,  and 
as  late  as  1581  he  was  given  the  first  place  on  the  list;  the  distinctive  title 
of  Tutour  was  even  afterwards  always  attached  to  his  name.  Another 
surviving  brother  of  Gregor  Roy's,  often  in  the  Records,  was  Duncan  na 

Allaster  M'^Gregour  V^Donache  VAllester  (who  had  one  brother,^  John 

^  From  the  traditional  account  of  Gregor  Roy's  wife  having  only  one  child  at  the  time  of  her 
husband's  murder  (see  song  believed  to  have  been  composed  by  her,  page  161),  it  is  supposed  that 
the  second  son  was  posthumous. 

i59o]  Allaster  Roy  Macgregor  of  Glenstray     223 

dhu  na  Luarach,  coat  of  mail,)  appears  to  have  been  one  of  the  best  and 
most  capable  leaders  the  Clan  ever  had  ;  brave  in  action  and  generously 
willing  to  share  every  peril  of  his  people,  he  was  truly  an  ideal  Chief. 
The  action  he  felt  compelled  to  take  in  accepting  the  responsibility  for  the 
Drummondernoch  murder  proved,  however,  very  unfortunate  for  the  Clan, 
raising  the  whole  power  of  even  the  least  vindictive  landlords  against  the 
MacGregors,  and  forming  the  ground  of  very  severe  enactments  which 
speedily  followed. 

From  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council : — 

"  1590.  August  24. 

"Caution   by   Johnne   Grant   of  Freuchy   as   principal,  and  Patrik  of 
Rothirmurchus,  as  surety  for  him,  that  he  will  fortify  and  assist  Sir  Duncane 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  in  the  execution  of  his  commission  for  pursuit  of 
the  ClanGregor  rising  with  his  whole  force  for  pursuit. 
"  1590.  August  29th. 

"  Duncan  M'^Phatrik   M'^ulcheir  ^  in   Innerand,  John   M'=ulcheir   there, 
relaxed  from  the  horn  for  being  art  and  part  in  the  above  crime  on  finding 
caution  to  appear  before  the  Justice  Clerk  and  his  deputes. — Register  of 
Hornings.     Perth. 
"  1590.  August  31st. 

"James  Commendator  of  Inchaffray  called  to  produce  letters  at  the 
instance  of  the  kin  and  friends  of  umqle  :  John  Drummond  of  Drummaneri- 
noch  To  take  surety  of 

Patrik  Duncansoun  MacGregor, 

Gregor,  Duncan,  Donald,  and  Finla  his  sons, 

Malcum  MacCoulcheir, 

Dougal  his  brother  in  Glengyle, 

Gregor  and  Duncan  M'^Phatrik  MacCoulcheir, 

William  oure  MacGregor, 

William  M'^Eane  MacConneil, 

Alex :  M'^Phatrik  Roy  Gregor  M'^Connochie  voir, 

Duncan  slaich  MacGregor, 

Gregor  son  to  Allaster  Scorach  MacGregor, 

M^incoU  alias  Conoch  Ion  no  MacGregor, 

Gregor  M'^Ean  VTonnochie, 

John  Dow  MacGregor  in  Callender, 

^  MacDougal  Ciar. 

224  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Gregor  Cam  MacGregor  in  Mavie,^ 

Patrik  his  brother  there, 

Duncan  MacGregor  there, 

Duncan  MacGregor  under  James  Chisholra, 

John  MacGregor  his  brother  there, 

Patrik  Murray, 

Gregor  M'^Ean  MacGregor  Capitan  of  Glenurquhar,  and 

John  MacGregor  VNeill, 
for   slaughter   of    said    John    Drummond." — Record   of    High    Court   of 
"  1590.  2.  Nov  :  Holyroodhouse. 

"  Complaint  by  Sir  Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  as  follows :  The 
execution  of  the  commission  granted  to  him  for  pursuit  and  punishment  of  the 
ClanGregor  is  greatly  retarded  by  the  reset  of  the  said  rebels  at  all  times 
within  the  countries  of  Ergylle  &  AthoU  '  be  the  ouersicht  allowance  and 
permissioun  of  the  curatoris  of  the  Erll  of  Ergyle  and  of  the  speciall  baronis 
and  gentilmen  of  the  cuntrey  of  AthoU  quhairupoun  the  saidis  ClanGregor  ar 
encourageit  to  committ  all  kynd  of  mischieff  and  slauchter  upoun  the  said 
complainar  and  his  friendis,  assistaries,  with  him  in  the  executioun  of  the 
said  commissioun.'  There  had  been  such  reset  of  them  in  the  county  of 
Ergyle,  where  they  were  pursued  by  the  complainer  in  July  last  'and  now 
laitlie  in  the  moneth  of  August  they  have  shamfullee  murdreist  and  slane 
ane  man  of  the  Laird  of  Laweris,  three  men  of  the  Laird  of  Glenlyon,  and 
ane  boy  of  the  said  complenaries  awne,  besydis  the  barbarous  hocheing  of 
ky  and  oxen,  soirning  and  wraking  of  the  landis  of  Auchnafree,  pertaining 
to  the  said  Laird  of  Laweris.  Eftir  the  Quhilk  murthour  the  said  com- 
plenair  haveing  directit  ane  cumpany  of  his  speciall  friendis  and  utheris  in 
the  begynning  of  August  last  to  the  boundis  of  Rannoch,  for  apprehensioun 
of  anenoumer  of  the  said  ClanGregor  denunceit  rebellis  and  at  the  Home  the 
said  ClanGregor  being  advertissit  of  thair  cuming  fled  with  thair  wyffis,  bairnis 
and  guidis  to  the  cuntrey  of  Athoill  and  to  the  place  of  Blair,  being  the 
said  Erllis  principall  duelling  house  quhair  they  wer  noucht  onlie  reset 
by  the  baronis  and  gentilmen  of  the  cuntry,  bot  the  same  baronis  and 
gentilmen,  assisted  with  23  personis  of  the  said  ClanGregor  maist  cruellie 
invadit  and  persuit  the  said  complenaris  saidis  friendis  with  all  kynd  of 
extremitie  and  assayit  fortifeis,  interteinis  and  sufferis  the  said  ClanGregor  to 
remane  within  the  said  cuntrey,  quhairthrow  the  executioun  of  the  said  com- 
missioun is  altogidder  frustrate.'  Charge  had  been  duly  given  to  underlie 
pain  of  RebeUion  to  Johnne  Stewart  Neillsoun  in  the  Foss,  Johnne  Stewart 
M*=Andro  there,  George  Leslie  Bailie  of  Athole,  Stewart  of  Bonscuid,  Robert 
1  «<  Mevie,"  Duneira. 

Glenurchy's  Zeal  Checked  225 

Stewart  in  Fascastell,  (Fincastle  ?),  Alexander  M'^Intoshe  in  Terreney, 
Duncane  Robertson  in  Strowan,  Robert  SteWart  M*^ Andrew  in  Fos,  Johnne 
Stewart  and  Neil  Stewart,  Johnne  Stewart,  M'^Andrewois  son.  Alexander 
Robertson  apparent  of  Fascalyie,  Johnne  and  Alexander  Menziessis  his 
brothers  to  appear  personally  and  also  to  present  the  following  rebels 
before  the  Council,  that  order  may  be  taken  with  them  according  to  the 
general  band,  viz  Allaster  Pudrach  M'^Gregor,  Donald  Dow  M'^Conoquhy 
M'^AUaster,  Gregour  M'^Gregor  in  Roro,  Johnne  Dow  his  brother,  Johnne 
Dow  M^Connaquhy  V^Allaster,  Malcallum  M'^Gillechallum  V=William, 
Johnne  Dow  M'^Callum  VWilliam  alias  M^Gregouris  and  now  not 
appearing  ordained  to  be  denounced." 

But  a  change  came  over  the  state  of  matters,  and  the  astute  Sir 
Duncan  got  apparently  a  hint  to  underlie  the  law  himself. 

On  the  14th  December  of  the  same  year,  James  Stewart  of  Stikkis 
became  cautioner  and  surety  for  the  Atholl  Barons  to  compeir  before  the 
King's  Majesty  and  Lords  of  Secret  Council.     Accordingly — 

"  1590.  Dec.  17. 

"The  which  day  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  Knight  as  Principal 
and  James  Commendator  of  Inchaffray  and  John  Campbell  of  Caddell  as 
cautioners  and  sureties  for  him  became  acted  and  obliged  conjunctly  and 
severally  that  the  said  Sir  Duncan  for  himself  and  all  that  he  is  bound  to 
answer  for  by  the  laws  and  General  Band  shall  keep  the  King's  peace ;  and 
in  no  ways  invade  pursue  or  oppress  any  of  his  Highness  subjectis  otherwise 
than  by  order  of  law  and  justice  under  the  pain  of  20,000  merks  j  and  also 
that  the  said  Sir  Duncan  shall  make  his  men  tenants  and  servants  answerable 
to  justice." 
"  1590.  Dec.  i8th. 

"  The  which  day  the  King's  Majesty  with  advice  of  the  Lords  of  Secret 
Council  grants  and  gives  licence  to  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy 
Knight  to  contract,  Bond,  enter  in  friendship  and  reconciliation  of  all  bypast 
quarrels,  deadly  feuds  controversies,  and  debates  standing  between  him  and 
his  friends,  assisters  and  dependers  on  the  one  part,  and  the  surname  of 
Clangregor  their  friends  assisters  and  dependers  on  the  other  part,  and  to 
the  effect  that  the  said  friendship  and  reconciliation  may  be  the  more  perfect 
Grants  and  consents  also  that  such  persons  as  the  said  Sir  Duncan  has  pre- 
sently in  his  custody,  retention  or  keeping  being  friends,  assisters,  and 
dependers  upon  the  said  ClanGregor  be  put  to  liberty  and  freedom  and 
suffered  to  pass  where  they  please  &a  &a.  Dispensation  to  Glenurchy  from 
any  acts  of  Parliament  or  Secret  Council  in  the  contrary." 
2  F 

226  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor       [1591-92 

"1590-T.  Feb.  ist.  &  2nd. 

"Contract  betwixt  Johne  Erll  of  Montroise,  Erll  of  Menteith  Lords 
Drummond  and  Livingstone,  Campbells  &a.  on  the  one  part  and  AUaster 
Roy  ^rOregour  of  Glenstray  &a,  (among  others  Duncane  Aberoche  in 
Corroquharnik)  on  the  other  part  registered  in  the  commissary  Books  of 
Dunblane  12  Oct:  159-  Parties  ar  bound  not  to  commit  slaughter  upon 
forthocht  felony,  upon  others  nor  yet  upon  suddantie,  nor  theft  &a  to 
renounce  their  own  jurisdictions  and  submit  them  to  the  jurisdiction  of  the 
said  Commissariat." — Register  of  Hornings,  Perth, 
"  1591-2.  Jan.  4th. 

"  James  &a.     Of  our  special  grace  and  favour  We  have  remitted  to  our 
lovites  Allaster  of  Glenstray 

John  Dhu  M'^Gregor  his  brother 

Duncan  M'^Gregor  na  Glen  (his  uncle  vide  page      ) 

Allaster  Pudrach  MacGregor  (from  Balquhidder) 

Allaster  Gait  MacGregor 

Dougal  Chay  MacGregor  (Chaithe  ?) 

Duncan  his  brother 

Gregor  Macconochy  in  Rora, 

John  dhu  Macconnachy  V^ Allaster  in  Rannoch 

Donald  dhu  his  brother 

John  dhu  M^William 

Duncan  MacAllaster  V*^ Allaster  in  Ferrye  (Fernan) 

Duncan  bane  M'^Rob. 

Gregor  MacGregor  in  Craiginschathe 

Patrick  M '^Gregor  in  Cadderling, 
and  all  their  friends  kinsmen,  servants,  dependers,  and  partakers  the  cruel 
slaughter  of  umqle :  John  Drummond  of  Drummenerinoch  committed  by 
them  in  the  month  of  1589.  and  any  other  criminal  actions  committed 

by  them  against  John  Earl  of  Montrose,  Patrick  Lord  Drummond,  Sir 
Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  Knight  and  James  Commendator  of 
Inschaffray,  and  their  friends  &a  from  the  date  of  the  said  murder." 

It  seems  a  curious  illustration  of  the  times  that  so  dreadful  a  murder 
should  have  been  so  easily  passed  over  within  about  fifteen  months  from 
the  date  of  its  committal,  unless  a  doubt  existed  as  to  the  real  perpetrators 
of  it. 

All  seemed  now  peaceable,  but  there  could  not  be  room  for  the  old  and 
new  inhabitants  of  the  land.  A  small  dispute  in  the  meantime,  illustrates 

i59i]  MacGregor  of  Ardlnconnal  227 

"  1591.  May  loth. 

"  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Colene  Campbell  Arbeyth  aganis  Patrik 
Johnstoun  alias  M'^Grigour  Patrik  Amenocht  and  John  M'^ewin,  Anent  the 
removing  of  them  from  the  four  merk  land  of  Kingarth  (The  first  and  third 
of  the  defenders  not  appearing  are  decerned  to  remove.)  Patrik  Amenocht 
appearing  personally  denied  the  competency  of  the  Sheriff  of  Perth  &  depute 
Because  that  Duncan  Patersoun  alias  M'^Gregour  his  guidsir  Deit  heritably 
Rentalit  in  the  landis  libellit  to  our  souerane  lord  And  the  said  Patrik  as 
Air,  at  the  leist  aperand  Air,  to  his  said  umquhile  guidsir,  as  succeeding  to 
him  hes  brukit  the  saidis  landis  thir  diverss  zeiris  bygane  And  payit  the  few 
malles  &  Dewties  to  the  comptrolleris  his  collectouris,  And  therfour  be  the 
prevelege  of  the  said  rentall  and  daylie  practis  observit  in  faouris  of  all 
kyndlie  possessouris  of  landis  haulden  of  his  Majestic  &  therefore  newayis 
aucht  to  be  removed,  protesting  the  former  being  discussit  to  sy  forder  As  he 
may  of  the  laes  and  therupon  askit  actis. 

"The  pursuer  answered  that  the  first  part  of  the  pretended  allegation 
ought  to  be  repelled,  as  not  specifying  that  the  said  Patrik  Amenocht  is 
dewlie  infeft,  and  sesit,  be  rentale  or  otherwayes  in  the  landis  libellit  nor  of 
any  part  thereof  nor  that  he  is  air  to  any  of  his  predecessors,  or  hes  geissin 
rycht  proceeding  from  them,  quha  ver  dewlie  infeft  &  sesit,  in  the  saidis 
landis  nor  any  other  sufficient  titill  to  bruik  the  samyn.  And  as  to  the 
alledgit  pretendit  rentale  gif  ony  wes  grantit  to  his  umqyhill  guidsir  the 
samyn  expyrit  be  his  deceaiss.  Attour  the  saidis  landis  wer  lawfuUie  set  in 
few  ferme  be  our  Souerane  lordis  Barest  mother  to  umquhill  Colin  Campbell 
of  Glenurquhie  the  said  perseweris  father  fra  quham  the  perseweris  rycht 
proceidis,  quha  during  his  lyftyme  and  sensyne  the  persewer  be  him  self,  his 
tenentis,  and  seruandis  hes  been  in  possessioun  of  the  landis,  to  be  setting 
and  reseting  therof.  At  the  leist  vptaking  and  ressauing  of  the  mailles  & 
dewties  of  the  samyn  fra  the  said  Patrik  Amenocht  thir  dierss  &  sundrie 
zeiris  bygane  quha  throw  is  acknowledgit  and  allowit  the  persewer  to  be 
undoublet  proprietor  of  the  landis  libellit.  &a  &a  &a. 

"  After  various  continuations  of  the  diet,  the  defender  (Patrik  Amenocht) 
is  decerned  to  remove." — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

MacGregor  of  Ardinconnal. 

We  have  alluded  in  Chapter  XI.  to  MacGregor  of  Ardinconnal  in 
Dumbartonshire,  where  the  family  were  settled  as  early  as  1429.  But 
after  bringing  its  history  down  to  1544,  all  subsequent  notices  about  this 
house  have  been  omitted,  both  to  avoid  still  further   complicating  the 

228  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1545-63 

tangled  thread  of  the  General  History,  and  also,  with  a  view  of  now 
presenting  the  family  in  a  consecutive  manner,  to  serve  as  an  introduction 
to  the  future  troubles  with  the  Colquhouns,  which  it  has  been  stated  had 
probably  their  origin  in  this  outlying  branch  of  the  MacGregors,  whose 
quarrels  the  Clan  was  of  course  bound  to  support. 
From  the  "Chartulary"  : — 

"1545.  July  27.  The  four  mark  land  of  Laggarie  belonging  in  property  to 
Patrik  M'^Gregour,  and  holding  of  the  Earl  of  Lennox,  and  the  6  merk  land 
of  Ardinconnell,  belonging  to  the  Laird  of  Ardinconnell,  are  thus  mentioned 
in  a  Charter  of  Queen  Mary  of  the  above,  apprysing  the  Earl's  estates  for 
the  damage  done  in  his  late  rebellion,  to  James  Stewart  of  Cardonald." 
4.  Jan.  1543-4.  Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  xxx  22.  (By  the  laird  of  Ardinconnell  is 
obviously  meant  the  person  to  whom  that  property  was  assigned  under 
redemption  by  MacGregor  of  Ardinconnel.) 
"1559-60.  Jan.  17.  At  Rossdhu  '  Instrumentum  pro  Johanne  procutore  et  de 
nomine  Patricii  M'^Gregor  de  Laggarie  sui  Patris.'  Present  Colin  Campbell 
of  Ardkinlass  James  Colquhoun  of  Garscube  '  magistro '  John  Wood,  Robert 
Campbell  of  Craignow  '  domino '  Ninian  Gait  '  capellano '  and  Robert 
Colquhoun  son  of  Malcolm.  The  said  day  Johnne  procurator  treulie 
constitute  to  Patrik  M'^Gregour  of  Laggarie  his  fader,  past  to  the  presence 
of  Johnne  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  Patrik  Colquhoun  of  Ardinconnel  and  of 
Umphra  Colquhoun  sonne  and  apparent  air  to  ye  said  Patrik  and  wernit 
them  all  thre  personnallie  apprehendit,  to  compeir  at  the  parishe  kirk  of 
Dunbertane  and  yer  upon  the  Altr :  of  Sanct  Sebastiansis  situat  within  ye 
same  to  reseiff  fra  ye  said  Patrik  M'^Gregor  or  his  lawful  procurator  ye 
soume  of  500  merks  upon  Witsundaye  next  coming  for  lauchful  redemption 
of  ye  VIII  merk  land  of  Ardinconnell  in  forme  and  tenor  of  ye  reversion 
made  yrupon." — Record  of  the  Burgh  of  Dunbarton. 

"  1 56 1-2.  Jan  :  2  &.  Summons  before  the  Court  of  Session  at  the  instance  of 
Patrik  M'^Gregor  of  Legery  for  himself,  and  as  sone  and  air  to  umquhill 
Patrik  MacGregor  of  Legerie  his  fader  aganis  Johnne  Colquhoun  of  Luss 
and  others,  pretendit  possessors  of  the  VIII  merk  land  of  Erdinconnall,  for 
resignation  of  said  lands  in  Makgregour's  favour  as  now  redeemed  by  him. 
Delayed  till  i.  March." — Reg.  of  Decreets  of  Court  of  Session. 

"1563.  March  16.  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss  alleged  that  his  father  John 
Colquhoun  of  Luss,  had  had  of  Patrik  MacGregor  of  Legerie  an  infeftment 
in  the  lands  of  Ardinconnel  'lang  befor  the  dait  of  the  said  reversion' 
New  Term  viz  10  May  next  assigned  to  MacGregor. 

"  ^563-  J^ly  6.     Colquhoun  of  Luss  decerned  to  warrand,  acquyet,  and  defend 

1564-1578]     MacGregor  of  Ardlnconnal  229 

to  Patrik  M'^Gregour  of  Legarie  the  lands  of  Ardinconnell,  in  which 
Colquhoun's  Grandfather  had  been  infeft  by  umqle  Patrik  M'^Gregour 
under  reversion  of  400  merks.  Nov.  29.  Said  Decreet  suspendit  by 
Colquhoun  until  the  princepal  action  and  cause  of  redemption  depending 
before  the  Lords  be  first  discussit  and  ane  Decreet  comdampnator  or 
absolvitor  given, 

"  1564.  June  22.  The  lands  of  Ardinconnell  decerned  to  be  lawfully  redeemed 
by  Patrik  M*^Gregor  of  Lagary  who  had  consigned  500  merks  in  the  Church 
of  Dumbarton,  Colquhouns,  Buchanan,  and  Donaldstoun  having  refusit  the 
ressait  thereof  and  culd  not  aggre  yrupon." — Decreets,  Court  of  Session. 

"1564.  Sep.  8.  Patrik  Colquhoun  of  Ardinconnell,  grants  a  receipt  to  Patrick 
M'^Gregor  of  Lagarie  for  500  merks  in  redemption  of  Ardinconnell,  at  the 
same  time  resigning  these  lands  into  the  hands  of  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss 
in  favour  of  the  said  Patrik  M'^Gregor.  Of  the  same  date.  Patrik  Colquhoun 
protests  that  this  resignation  was  made  '  be  compulsion '  in  obedience  to  a 
Decreet  of  the  Lords  of  Council  and  it  should  not  prejudice  his  claim  of 
warrandice  against  John  Colquhoun  of  Luss.  Accordingly  infeftment  was 
given  in  Ardinconnal,  on  6.  Nov.  following,  to  Patrik  M'^Gregor  in  liferent 
and  to  his  son  John  in  fee.  Another  son  Archibald  is  witness." — Record  of 
the  Burgh  of  Dumbarton. 

**  1573-  Oct.  6.  John,  son  of  Patrik  M'^Gregour  was  retoured  heir  of  his  father 
Patrik  M'^Gregor  in  Ardinconnal." — Retours  in  General  Register  House, 

"  From  the  Records  of  the  Burgh  of  Dumbarton  it  appears  that  John 
MacGregor  of  Ardinconnall  married  Christian  Denzelstoun  and  that  he  had 
three  sons  Alexander  his  son  and  heir  who  appears  in  Record  16 12.  as 
Alexander  Stewart  of  Lagary  John,  and  Gregor.^ 

"1575.  June  25.  John  M'^Gregor  of  '  Ardounconzie '  (Ardinconnall)  against 
Omphra  Colquhoun  of  Ballermye.  John  M'^Gregor  is  infeft  in  said  lands 
lying  in  the  parochin  of  Rosneth.  Colquhoun  and  others  though  warned, 
refused  to  leave  ther  2  merk  land  of  the  wester  half  of  the  said  lands  of 
Ardinconnall.     Decerned  to  remove." — Decreets  of  Court  of  Session. 

"1578.  John  MacGregor  of  Ardinconnell  entered  into  a  contract  with 
Humphrey  Colquhoun  of  Ballermickmore,  That  his  son  and  heir  apparent 
shall  marry  Marion  daughter  of  the  said  Humphrey  and  that  the  said 
Humphrey's  eldest  son  John  shall  marry  Janet  daughter  of  the  said  John." 
— Record  of  Dumbarton. 

"1578.  May  7.  Decreet  in  favour  of  John  MacGregor  of  Ardinconnal  25  June 
1575.  is  suspended,  Colquhoun  of  Ballermick  and  John  Schearer  having 
found  security  to  remove. 

1  See  1602  and  1619. 

230  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1580-91 

"1580.  Several  Infeftments  of  annual  rents  this  year  to  which  John 
MacGregor,  Christian  Danzelstoun  his  spouse,  and  John  'puer'  are 
parties." — Dumbarton. 

"1581.  April  II.  Maid  Neikgregour,  sister  of  John  MacGregour  of  Laggarie 
married  John  Danzelstoun  brother  of  Robert  Denzelstoun  in  Tullichewin 
Her  tocher  was  loo  lib.  and  loo  merks." — Paper  in  possession  of  Dennis- 
toune  of  Colgrain. 

"  1585.  May  I.  The  double  contract  of  intended  marriages  between  the 
children  of  John  MacGregor  and  Ballermickmore  discharged  by  consent  of 
parties." — Record  of  Burgh  of  Dumbarton. 

"1590.  Sep:  29.     '  Denunce  Buquhannanis ' 

"Anent  our  Sovereign  Lord's  Letters  raised  at  the  instance  of  Allan 
Macaulay  of  Durlyne,  the  Father,  with  the  remanent  kin  and  friends  of 
umqle  :  Walter  MacAulay,  Duncan  MacAulay  son  also  to  the  said  Allan, 
John  dhu  MacGregor  in  Ardinconnell,  James  Colquhoun  son  to  Robert 

Colquhoun   in    Port,   MacAulay   Servitor   to   Robert   Colquhoun   of 

Ballernie  John  Miller  younger  in  Drumfeing  and MacGibbon  son  to 

Malcolm  MacGibbon  in  Port  complaining  of  Thos :  Buchanan  in  Blairlosk 
Sheriff  depute  of  Dunbarton  and  a  number  of  Buchanans  &a  &a  for 
attacking  the  complainers  on  the  ist  of  August  last  in  the  Highway  and 
Street  of  Dunbarton  where  they  struck,  hurt,  and  wounded  the  said  Duncan 
MacAulay  in  his  head  through  the  harn  (brain)  pan  therof,  the  said  John 
dhu  MacGregor  behind  his  shoulderblade,  wherethro'  his  lights  and  entrails 

might  be  seen,   the  said   James  Colquhoun  in  his  wamb,  the  said  

MacAulay  in  his  shoulder,  the  said  John  Miller  in  his  right  (?)  and  has 

mutilated  him  thereof,  and  the  said MacGibbon  in  his  head  and  slew 

the  said  Walter  MacAulay.  Defenders  not  appearing  are  put  to  the  Horn." 
— Record  of  Secret  Council. 

"  1590.  Oct :  6th  at  Edinburgh. 

"  Intran  Thos  :  Buchanan  of  Blairlosk  John  Buchanan  his  son  John 
Buchanan  Burgess  of  Dunbartan,  Duncan  Buchanan  of  Bracherne,  Will : 
Buchanan  in  Boccurich,  Walter  Buchanan  his  brother,  Walter  Buchanan  in 
BoUatt,  Mungo  Buchanan  in  TuUichewen,  Andro  M'^Arthoure  in  Kirk- 
michell,  John  Buchanan  in  Drumfad.  John  Buchanan  in  Auchmedin,  & 
James  Buchanan  in  Fenwick,  charged  with  the  slaughter  of  umqle  Walter 
MacAulay  sone  to  Allane  M'^Aulay  of  Dowarlin.  Sir  George  Buchanan  of 
that  ilk,  Thos :  Buchanan  of  Drummakill  and  John  Stirling  of  Gloratt 
became  caution  for  the  accused  that  they  shall  appear  before  the  Justice  or 
his  deputes  at  Edinburgh  the  21st  of  Dec :  next  to  underlie  the  law  for  the 
said  slaughter." — Record  of  High  Court  of  Justiciary. 
"  1590-1.  March  ist.     (To  which  day  the  case  had  been  deferred.) 

Band  between  MacGregor  and  MacAulay  231 

"  Trial  in  the  High  Court  of  Justiciary  of  the  alleged  slayers  of  Walter 
M*^Allay  sone  to  Allane  M'^caley  of  dowarlin  and  certain  Buchanans  before- 
named.  The  cautioners  are  fined  for  not  having  produced  Blairlosk  and 
Bracherne,  The  pursewers  asserted  that  the  deceased  was  killed  by  a  shot ; 
and  that  a  pistol  was  fired  by  Bracherne." 
"  1591.  May  27.     Band  of  Manrent.     MacGregor  and  MacAulay. 

"  Be  it  known  to  all  men  by  these  present  letters,  Us  Alexander 
MacGregor  of  Glenstray  on  the  one  part  and  Aulay  MacAulay  of  Ardin- 
caple  on  the  other  part,  understanding  ourselves  and  our  name  to  be 
MacAlpins  of  Old.  and  to  be  our  just  and  true  surname  whereof  we  are  all 
come,  and  the  said  Alexander  to  be  the  eldest  brother  and  his  predecessors 
for  the  which  cause  I  the  said  Alexander,  taking  burden  upon  me  for  my 
surname  and  friends,  to  fortify  maintain  and  assist  the  said  Aulay  MacAulay 
his  kin  and  friends  in  all  their  honest  actions  against  whatsoever  person  or 
persons  the  Kings  Majesty  being  only  excepted.  And  siclike  I  the  said 
Aulay  MacAulay  of  Ardincaple  taking  burden  upon  me  for  my  kin  and 
friends  to  fortify  assist  and  partake  with  the  said  Alexander  and  his  friends, 
as  come  of  his  house,  to  the  utmost  of  our  power  against  whatsoever  person 
or  persons  the  kings  Majesty  being  only  excepted.  And  further  when  or 
what  time  it  shall  happen  the  said  Alexander  to  have  a  weighty  or  honest 
cause  requisite  to  have  the  advice  of  his  kinsmen,  and  special  friends,  come 
of  his  house,  I  the  said  Aulay  as  branch  of  his  house  shall  be  ready  to  come 
where  it  shall  happen  him  to  have  to  do,  to  give  counsel  and  assistance  after 
my  power  and  siklike  I  the  said  Alexander  Bind  and  oblige  myself  when  it 
shall  happen  the  said  Aulay  to  have  to  do,  if  it  is  requisite  to  have  the 
counsell  and  assistance  of  the  said  Alexander  and  his  friends,  that  he  shall 
be  ready  to  assist  the  said  Aulay  and  come  to  him  where  it  shall  happen 
him  to  have  to  do,  as  coming  of  his  house ;  Providing  always  that  the  said 
Alexander  and  his  predecessors  be  the  eldest  brother,  the  said  Aulay  is  to 
have  his  own  liberty  of  the  name  of  MacAulay  as  Chief,  and  to  uplift  his 
Calpe  as  before.  And  the  said  Aulay  grants  him  to  give  to  the  said  Alexander 
a  Calpe  at  his  decease  in  sign  and  token,  he  doing  therefore  as  becomes  to 
the  principal  of  his  house.  And  we  the  said  parties  Bind  and  oblige 
ourselves  each  to  the  other  by  the  faith  and  truth  in  our  bodies  and  under 
the  pain  of  perjury  and  defamation,  at  Ardincaple  the  27.  day  of  May  the 
year  of  God  1591.     Before  thes  witnesses 

Duncan  Campbell  of  Ardintenny 
Alexander  MacGregour  of  Ballemenoch, 
Duncan  Tosach  of  Pittenne 
Matthew  MacAulay  of  Stuck 

232  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor       [1591-92 

Aulay  MacAulay  in  Durlyne 
Alexander  M'^Aulay  sone  to  the  said  Awlay 
Duncan  Bayne  M'^Rob  (M'^Gregour  in  Stuknaroy) 
with  utheris 


Awlay  M^Awlay  of  Ardincapill 
Alexander  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstre 
Duncan  Tosach  of  Pittene  Witness 
Matthew  M'^Awley  of  Stuk  witness 
Alexander  M*^ Aulay  witness." 

Transumpt  of  Bond  in  General  Register  House. 

Abridged  from  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1591.  July  2 1  St.     At  Edinburgh. 

"Suspension  William  Buchanane  in  Bucreuch  Makend  mention  That 
quhair  throw  occasioun  of  the  late  troubles,  and  variance  which  fell  out 
betwix  certain  of  the  name  of  Buchanane  and  the  Laird  of  Ardincaple  his 
kyn  and  friends  qyhair  sum  slaughter  and  spoliatioun  of  gudis  hes  chancit 
The  said  Laird  hes  consauit  ane  deidlie  hatrend  and  malice  aganis  the  said 
complenar,  and  hes  sutit  (sought  ?)  and  daylie  seikis  all  indirect  meanis  to 
troubill  him  And  first  the  complainer  having  been  found  innocent  before 
the  Justice  '  The  said  Laird  finding  himself  disappointit  at  that  tyme  of  his 
intentioun  He  intendis  now  under  the  pretext  and  cullour  of  justice  and  of 
his  Majesties  powar  and  authoritie  To  some,  herey,  and  wrak  the  said 
complenars  haill  landis  and  possessiouns,  And  to  niell  and  intromet  with 
his  gudis  and  geir '  &a  '  proceeding  on  this  point  by  ane  act  of  parliament 
(Nov  1581,)  For  executioun  of  the  quhilk  act  the  said  Laird  of  Ardincapill ' 
&a  '  Bot  alsua  hes  associat  unto  himself  and  brocht  within  the  cuntrie  the 
Lard  Makgregour  and  ane  greit  noumer  of  his  Clan  all  thevis,  broken  men 
&  soirn  aris  Be  quhais  assistance  he  intendis  now  to  put  to  executioun  his 
preconsauet  hatrend  and  malice  aganis  the  said  complenar '  &a  &a  Thair- 
fore  it  is  naways  equitable  that  he  because  he  is  of  the  name  of  Buchannane 
sould  be  burdynet  or  troublit  for  the  misbehaviour  of  the  broken  men  of  the 
cuntrie  &a."  (M'^Aulay's  letters  suspended  till  he  shall  produce  them  to  the 

1592.  July.  Sir  Humphrey  Colquhoun  of  Luss  was  besieged  in  his 
castle  of  Bunachrea  by  the  MacFarlanes,  when  the  castle  was  burning  Sir 
Humphrey  perished  in  the  flames  as  it  would  seem.  No  mention  is  made 
in  the  "  Chartulary  "  that  any  MacGregors  were  concerned  in  this  affair  of 

1592]  Attack  on  Sir  Humphrey  Colquhoun    233 

which  the  facts  are  traced  by  two  entries  in  the  Records  of  The  Privy- 
Council  several  years  later  charging  certain  MacFarlanes  with  the  crime. 
In  the  work,  "  The  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  to  which  reference  has  already 
been  made,i  the  following  account  of  the  event  is  given  from  traditions 
current  in  the  Colquhoun  country.  But  it  must  be  remembered  that 
amidst  the  complaints  so  freely  made  against  the  ClanGregor  none  on  this 
subject  are  to  be  found  in  public  Records. 

After  alluding  to  the  recent  band  with  Ardincaple  Sir  William  Fraser 
continues  : — 

"  From  these  connexions  and  alliances  of  the  ClanGregor,  it  is  easy  to  see  how 
they  might  be  brought  into  collision  with  the  Colquhouns,  and  how  the  growing 
hatred  between  them  might  ripen  into  a  standing  feud.  The  Colquhouns  were  at 
enemity  with  the  Earl  of  Argyll,  as  well  as  with  the  ClanGregor ;  and  it  was  the 
uniform  polity  of  the  Earls  of  Argyll  to  have  the  MacGregors  always  about  them  in 
such  force  as  to  enable  them  at  will  to  annoy  their  neighbours,  and  to  take  summary 
vengeance  on  their  personal  enemies.  '  That  the  Colquhouns  and  the  MacGregors 
were  in  a  manner  constituted  enemies  to  each  other  from  the  position  in  which 
the  MacGregors  were  placed  by  these  bonds  and  alliances,  is  confirmed  by  actual 
fact ;  for  in  the  very  next  year  after  the  bond  made  between  Macaulay  of  Ardin- 
caple and  the  MacGregors  the  latter  -  strengthened  by  the  Macfarlanes,  came  into 
collision  with  the  Colquhouns.  In  July  1592,  a  body  of  the  Macfarlanes  and  the 
MacGregors  descending  from  the  mountains,  committed  extensive  depredations 
upon  the  fertile  lands  of  Luss,  which  were  now  ripening  for  the  harvest,  to  repel 
the  aggressors,  Sir  Humphrey  collected  together  a  number  of  his  vassals,  and  was 
joined  by  several  neighbouring  landed  proprietors.  The  hostile  parties  met,  and 
a  sanguinary  conflict  which  lasted  till  nightfall  ensued.  Sir  Humphrey's  assailants 
were  more  than  a  match  for  him  and  he  was  forced  to  retreat.  He  betook  himself 
to  his  castle  of  Bannachra,  a  stronghold  which  had  been  erected  by  the  Colquhouns 
at  the  foot  of  the  northside  of  the  hill  of  Bennibuie,  at  the  south  end  of  the  parish 
of  Luss.  But  here  the  Knight  did  not  find  the  shelter  he  expected.  A  party  of 
the  Macfarlanes  and  Macgregors  pursued  him  and  laid  siege  to  his  castle.  One  of 
the  servants  who  attended  the  Knight  was  of  the  same  surname  as  himself  He 
had  been  tampered  with  by  the  assailants  of  his  master  and  he  treacherously  made 
him  their  victim  The  servant,  while  conducting  his  master  to  his  room  up  a 
winding  stair  of  the  castle  made  him,  by  preconcert,  a  mark  for  the  arrow  of  the 
clan  who  pursued  him,  by  throwing  the  glare  of  a  paper  torch  upon  his  person 
when  opposite  a  loophole.     This  afforded  a  ready  aim  to  the  besiegers  whose  best 

^  By  the  friendly  permission  of  the  author. 

^  No  proof  of  this  statement  that  the  MacGregors  were  in  this  raid  is  adduced. 
2  G 

234  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1593 

bowmen  watched  for  the  opportunity.  A  winged  arrow  darted  from  its  string  with 
a  steady  aim,  pierced  the  unhappy  knight  to  the  heart,  and  he  fell  dead  on  the 
spot.  The  fatal  loophole  is  still  pointed  out  but  the  stair,  like  its  unfortunate  Lord, 
has  crumbled  into  dust.'  ^ 

"Traditions  regarding  these  lawless  proceedings  still  linger  in  the  district 
around  the  ruins  of  Bannachra.  The  memory  of  the  traitor  servant  is  still  held  in 
odium,  and  his  descendants  are  known  to  this  day  as  the  '  Traitor  Colquhouns.' 
While  it  is  plain  how  Sir  Humphrey  was  assassinated,  it  is  unknown  by  whose  hand 
the  deadly  arrow  was  actually  shot.^ 

A  contemporary  chronicler  in  a  work  "  Diary  of  Robert  Birrell  Burgess 
of  Edinburgh "  charges  a  younger  brother  with  having  been  executed  for 
murdering  "  the  Laird  of  Lusse,"  but  there  is  no  other  evidence  in  support 
of  it.  Sir  Humphrey  was  only  27  at  the  time  of  his  death.  He  was 
himself  "  at  the  Horn  "  for  non-appearance  to  answer  for  the  slaughter  of 
William  Brisbane  of  Barnishill. 
From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1593.  May  3.  Exemption  to  the  Lairds  of  Luss  and  Ardincaple,  Anent  our 
Sovereign  Lords  letters  raised  at  the  instance  of  Alexander  Colquhoun  of 
Luss,  and  Alan  (Aulay  M'^Aulay  of  Ardincaple  evidently  reconciled  to  Luss.) 
making  mention  that  where  Robert  Galbraith  of  Culcreugh  by  the  special 
devise  and  Counsell  of  George  Buchanan  of  that  Ilk  has  lately  purchased  a 
commission  of  Justiciary  from  his  Majesty  for  purduit  of  the  ClanGregor 

their  resetters  and  assisters,  with  fire  and  sword, which  commission 

the  said  Robert  has  not  purchased  upon  an  intention  to  attempt  anything 
against  the  ClanGregor  but  under  coUour  thereof  to  extend  their  hatred 
against  the  said  complainers,  with  all  extremit  and  under  pretence  of 
searching  and  seeking  of  the  MacGregors  to  assiege  their  houses,  &a.  In 
consequence  of  this  complaint  Culchreuchs  commission  is  taken  from 
"  1593.  May  8.  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss  besides  finding  caution 
conforme  to  the  General  Bond  (i.e.  Act  of  Parliament  1587.)  Binds  himself 
and  others  not  to  intercommune  with  any  of  the  names  of  Buchanan, 
MacGregor,  or  MacFarlane.  Robert  Galbraith  eventually  comes  under  a 
similar  Bond  on  the  20.  May." 

Without  direct  evidence  against  the  Luss  Tradition  that  the  Mac- 
Gregors were  art  and  part  with  the  Macfarlanes  in  the  Raid  of  Bentoig, 
the  above  excerpts  do  not  agree  with  the  tone  of  rancour  that  might  have 
been  expected  had  there  been  a  Blood  Feud. 

^  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,  vol.  i.,  pages  157  and  15S. 

Chapter  XX 

T7ROM  the  "  Chartulary  "  :— 

"1592.  Oct.  22.  at  Perth.  Edward  Reidheuch  (or  Riddoch)  and  Beatrix 
Drummond  his  spouse,  against  Alexander  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra  Principal 
and  Chief  man  of  the  surname  of  M'^Gregouris,  Johne  Dow  M'^Gregour  his 
bruther,  Johne  dow  M'^Gregour  M'^Ewin,  and  certain  Comries  and  utheris 
quha  dayhe  and  continuallie  boistes  and  menaises  the  saidis  complenars 
intending  to  accumpane  themselves  with  the  haill  surname  of  Macgregouris 
and  Comries  and  cum  down  in  the  cuntrie  and  wrak  the  saidis  complenaris 
(who  had  been  ejected  from  the  20  shilling  land  of  Tullibanchar)  the  saidis 
personis,  speciallie  the  Laird  of  MacGregour  being  outlaws,  men  quha,  thir 
mony  yeiris  bigane  hes  wrakit  the  haill  law  cuntrie,  and  coramittit  mony 
slauchteris  and  heirschippis  upoun  the  induellaris  thairof,  neither  feiring  God 
nor  regarding  our  lawes  as  is  evident  to  the  Lordis  of  our  Counsale  and  haill 
cuntrie." — Register  of  Hornings,  Perth. 

"Nov.  7.  At  Perth.  Horning  proceeding  on  a  Decreet  obtained  before  the 
Court  of  Session  by  Sir  John  Murray  of  TuUibardin  Knicht  13.  June  last, 
Decerning  and  ordaining  Duncan  M'^Phatrik  ^PCouUcheir,  and  Johne 
M*^Gillechallum,  to  remove  from  his  land  of  Innernantie,  lying  in  the 
Lordship  of  Balquhidder  and  Sheriffdom  of  Perth.  Witnesses  to  the 
execution  of  the  Charge,  Donald  M'^Inteir  Balquhidder  and  Gregor 
M'^Gregour  alias  Gun,  in  Dalveich.  and  Johne  Dow  IVrGilleraichel  in 
Lewin." — Register  of  Hornings,  Perth. 

"Nov.  15.  Duncane  M*^Phatrik  M^CouUcheir  M'^Gregour  having  been  de- 
nounced rebel  for  not  obeying  the  above  charge.  Sir  John  obtains  a  gift 
of  his  Escheit.  under  the  Privy  Seal." 

About  this  time  a  list  of  the  principal  men  of  the  ClanGregor  belonging 
to  the  three  chief  houses  was  made  out,  apparently  by  order  of  the  Govern- 
ment, in  compliance,  doubtless,  with  the  scheme  laid  down  in  the  General 
Band  of  1587.    An  original  list  has  been  preserved  as  a  State  paper,  which 

236  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

was  formerly  in  the  Collections  of  Lord  Hopetoun,  and  is  now  in  the  British 
Museum.  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  copied  this  document  (which  he  states 
had  been  discovered  in  a  "  private  collection  ")  more  than  sixty  years  ago, 
in  one  of  his  MS.  genealogical  volumes^  with  the  following  remark  : — 

"  It  is  a  formal  schedule,  which  bears  that  it  was  handed  by  the  Clerk  of  the 
Register  to  Sir  John  Murray  (afterwards  ist  Earl  of  Tullibardine)  for  revision  and 
correction.  Sir  John  deletes  some  of  the  names,  and  supplies  others.  The  name  of 
Duncan  Abroch  had  been  omitted  and  is  added  by  Sir  John  Murray  under  the 
House  of  Gregor  M'^Ean.  but  he  did  not  correct  the  patronymics  of  Duncan  Glen 
the  uncle  of  Allaster  of  Glenstray.  The  first  list  in  the  letter  is  genealogical,  while 
in  the  second  the  individuals  are  arranged  without  regard  to  descent." 

Letter  (precise  date  not  known 2)  from  Sir  Alexander  Hay,  Clerk  of  the 
Secret  Council,  to  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardine,  Kt. : — 

"  Endorsed  '  To  the  lard  of  TuUibardin  anent  Hielandis ' 
Also  '  To  the  Rgt  honoll  the  Lard  of  TuUibardin  this. 
Anent  the  Clangregour. 
I  may  not  omit  to  thank  zou  maist  humblie  for  zour  advertisement.    And 
nixt  to  pray  zou  zit  again  to  louke  thir  names,  and  notand  twa  to  be  chargeit 
to  enter  for  everie  branche  of  thir  first  thre  rankis  to  deleet  the  remanent,  for 
I  am  pntlie  (presently)  directand  away  the  Lrz  (letters)  and  to  gar  this  berair 
mend  quhir  thair  is  ony  wrang  spelling  or  wanting  of  stylis. 

For  the  lardis  i.  Johne  dow  M'^Gregour  brother  to  the  Lard  M'^Gregor 

awin  gang  2.  Duncane  Glen  M'^Gregour^  V^Gregour  M'^Ewne 

3.  Donald  dow  IVLCondoquhy  VAlister  in  Rannoch 

*i.  John  Dow,  brother  of  Glenstray. 

*2.  Duncan  na  Glen  na  Phanan,  uncle  of  Glenstray  (repeated  in  2nd  list). 
3.  Donald  Dow  M'^Condoquhy  V^Alister,  probably  of  the  Ardlarich  family. — See  No.  8. 

^  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  makes  special  reference  to  this  List  in  the  "  Memoir  of  the  House  of 
Glenstray,"  which  forms  one  of  his  small  genealogical  volumes.  In  18S9,  the  same  paper  was  copied 
in  the  British  Museum,  and  sent  to  Lady  Helen  MacGregor  of  MacGregor  by  Mr  Robert  Armstrong, 
a  gentleman  much  interested  in  historical  researches,  but  who  knew  nothing  of  Mr  MacGregor 
Stirling's  previous  reference  to  it. 

^  Reference  is  made  to  the  Three  Houses  in  an  "Offer"  by  Glenstray,  dated  July  1599' — See 
chapter  xxii. 

»  Properly  D.  Glen  M"^ Allaster  V^Eane  V^Ewine. 
The  numbers  are  here  added  to  connect  such  names  as  appear  in  both  lists. 
*  These  obtained  a  remission,  4th  June  1592. 

List  of  Chief  Families  of  the  Clan  Gregor  237 

For  the  gang  4.  Gregour  M'^Condoquhy  in  Rora 

and  hous  of  5.  Gregour  M'^Neill  in  Ardewnych 

Roro  6.  John  dow  M*^Condoquhy  bruther  to  Duncan  M'^Condoquhy 

7.  WiUiam  M'^Gregour  M'^Gillechallum  M^anevoill 

8.  Johne  dow  M^Condoquhy  Keir  M'^AHster  in  Rannoch 
For  the  hous           9.  Gregour  M'^Ane  in  Brakley  in  Glenuraquhy 

and  gang  of  10.  Gregour  greginshawch  M'^Gregour 

Gregour  M'^Ane    11.  Duncan  abrach  AFGregour  in  Correcharraich  under  Glen- 
12.  Duncane  bane  M'^Rob  in  Stukaneroy 
The  names  of  the  principallis  houshalderis  of  the  ClanGregour 

2.  Duncane  a  Glen  M'^Gregour  in  Fairna  under  the  Erll  of  Ergyle 

13.  Alester  gald  M'^Gregour  in  under  the  Erll  of  Ergyle 

14.  Alester  Pudrayt  M'^Gregour  under  the  lard  of  Weyme 

15.  Malcolme  M'^Coulkeir  M'^Gregour  in  under  the  lard  of  TuUi- 


16.  Dougall  M'^Coulkeir  M'^Gregour  in  Glengyle  under  the  lard  of  Buchannan 

*4.  Roro  (repeated  in  2nd  list).  In  a  MS.  history  (to  be  given  later)  he  is  called  VII.  of  Roro. 
5.  Gregour  M'^Neill  in  Ardeonaig.  Twenty  pound  land  at  an  early  period  in  the  possession  of 
the  old  Earls  of  Lennox,  the  western  half  devolved  later  on  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Murdoch 
Menteith,  wife  of  Napier  of  Murchiston.  As  the  Gregour  McNeill  in  2nd  list  was  also  under  the 
Laird  of  Murchiston,  he  was  probably  identical  with  No.  5.  Ardeonaig  was  afterwards  held  by  a 
family  of  MacGregors  till  the  end  of  the  17th  century,  when  it  fell  to  the  Campbells  of  Edinchip, 
and  eventually  to  the  Campbells  of  Breadalbane. — Taken  from  the  "Lairds  of  Loch  Tay  Side" 
(repeated  in  2nd  list). 

*6.  John  dow,  brother  to  Gregor  No,  V.,  who  is  known  to  have  had  a  brother  John,  mentioned 
in  list  1589.     They  were  sons  of  Duncan,  and  may  have  had  a  brother  Duncan  also. 

7.  This  William's  last  name  is  M'^Ane  (or  Ian)  Moyl  (bald),  therefore^  he  was  probably  related 
to  No.  20.     Also  probably  occupied  Stuenochane-Rannoch. — See  page  242. 

8.  John  dow  M'^Condoquhy  Vic  Alister  occupied  the  6  merk  land  of  Ardlarich  in  Rannoch,  the 
addition  "  Keir"  may  have  been  an  error  ;  it  is,  however,  remarkable  that  he  is  here  placed  with 
Roro,  whereas  the  Ardlarich  family  are  believed  to  have  branched  off  from  Glenstray. 

9.  Gregour  M'^Ane  (Brackley  in  Glenurchay  had  by  this  time  devolved  on  a  cadet  of  Duncan 
Ladosach's  family).     Gregor  was  Captain  of  the  Castle  of  Glenurchay,  under  Sir  Colin,  1570. 

*io.  Gregour,  Greginshawch,  i.e.,  Craiginshache  or  Craggan.  There  was  a  lard  called  Craggan 
on  Aldeonaig. 

II.  Duncan  Abrach  had  obtained  Corriecharmaig  in  the  Braes  of  Glenurchy  from  Glenurchay 
by  the  mediation  of  Locheil  ("  Baronage  ")  (repeated  in  2nd  list). 

*I2.  Duncan  Bane  M'^Rob  M'^Gregor  in  Stukenroy  (repeated  in  2nd  list,  also  in  Craigrostan, 

*I3.  Alester  Gait,  brother  of  Duncan  na  Glen  and  uncle  of  Glenstray. 

*I4.  Alester  Pudrayt  (Pudrach  from  Balquhidder).  Although  here  mentioned  as  under  the 
Laird  of  Weyme  (Chief  of  Menzies)  he  is  mentioned,  July  29th,  1595,  as  under  Stewart  of  GrandtuUy. 

15.  Of  the  Dougal  Ciar  family,  in  Innerlochie  in  Balquhidder  (or  Innerlochlarg). 

16.  Do. 

238  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor      [1592-93 

17.  Paterk  MTondoquhy  McGregor   in  Glenleidnoch  under  the  lard  of 


18.  Duncane  ower  M'^Aneduy  M'^Gregor  in  under  the  Lard  of 


19.  WiUiam  Gig  M^^Neill  McGregor  in  Fairny  under  the  lard  of  Strowan 

5.  Gregour  M'^Neill  M'^Gregor  in  Ardelbuyct  under  the  Lard  of  Merchiston 

20.  Gregour    M'^Ane    movU    M'^Gregor   in   Innervar  under   the   Lard   of 


21.  Patrik  M'^Gregour  in  Cawderly  in  Glencorff  under  the  Lard  of  Caddell 

22.  Paterk   Amonach    M'^Gregor    in    Kingart    under   Colin   Campbell    of 

4.  Gregour  M'^Condoquhy  M'^Gregor  in  Roro  in  Glenlyoun  under  the  Lard 
of  Weyme 
12.  Duncane   bane   M'^Rob    M'^Gregor   in   Stukenroy  under   the   Lard  of 

II.  Duncane  Abroche  M'^Gregour  in  Corrie  Charnaig  under  Glenurquhy 
yours  to  command  with  service 

(Signed)        A.  Hay." 
From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  Commission  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle  against  the  ClanGregor  and  the 
"  Stewarts  of  Balquhidder. 
"  1592-3.  Feb.  I.  Forsamekle  as  it  is  understand  to  the  Kingis  Majesty  and 
Lordis  of  his  Secreit  Counsale,  That  the  wicked  ClanGregor,  the  Stewartis 
of  Baquhidder,  and  divers  utheris  brokin  men  of  the  hielandis,  being  dividit 
in  severall  cumpanys  have  continewit  this  lang  tyme  bigane  as  thay  do  yit, 
in  committing  of  murthouris,  slauchteris,  manifest  reiffis,  stouthis,  soirnings, 
heirshippis,  and  oppressiounis  upon  his  hienes  peceable  and  gude  subjectis 
inhabitantis  of  the  cuntreyis  evvest  the  brayis  of  sum  pairties  of  the  lawlandis 
nixt  adjacent  to  the  saidis  hielandis,  to  the  grite  offens  of  God,  contempt  of 
his  Majestic  and  his  authoritie  and  utter  wrak  of  mony  honest  househalderis, 
quhais  landis  and  rowmes  presentlie  lyis  waist,  unoccupiit,  to  the  grite  hurt 
alsua  of  the  commounwele ;  For  remeid  quhairof,  His  Majestie  hes  gevin 
and  grantit  and  be  thir  presentis  gevis  and  grantis,  his  hienes  full  power,  and 

17.  One  of  the  Innerzeldie  family. 

18.  Duncan  Our  in  Glenlochy  (or  Duncrook). 

19.  William  oig  M'^Neill  M'^Gregor  in  Fernen  under  Strowan  Robertson  (Boirland,  Fernochie 
and  Mid  Fernochie. 

20.  Gregour  M'^Ane  Moyll  M'^Gillechallum  M'^Gregor. — See  No.  7. 
*2i.  Patrick  ArGregor  in  Canderly  in  Glencorff  (or  Cadderling). 

22.   "Amonach"  from  Glen  Almond — but    Kingart  was   under  Colin  Campbell  of  Arbeyth, 
See  page  227. 

592-93]  Commission  against  Clan  Gregor       239 

commissioun,  Expres  bidding,  and  charge,  To  his  Rycht  traist  Cousing 
Archibald  Erll  of  Ergyle  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome,  his  Hienes  Justice 
Generall,  All  and  sindrie  personis  of  the  surename  of  the  M'^Gregour  and 
the  Stewarts  of  Baquhidder,  thair  assistaris,  and  pairt-takeris  to  charge  be 
his  precept,  and  compeir  befoir  him  at  sic  dayis  as  he  pleis  appoint,  To  find 
souritie,  or  to  enter  plegeis,  as  he  sail  think  maist  expedient  for  observatioun 
of  his  hienes  peace,  and  quietnes,  and  gude  reule  in  the  cuntrey  and  that 
thay  sail  be  ansuerabill  to  Justice,  conforme  to  the  lawis  and  actis  of  parlia- 
ment undir  the  pane  of  rebellioun :  The  personis  disobeyand  to  caus  de- 
nunce  at  the  home.  And  thereftir  to  convocat  his  hienes  Hegis  in  weirlike 
maner  within  the  boundis  of  the  Schireffdomis  of  Dunbarton,  and  Perth  as 
lyis  within  the  parrochynnis  of  Fothergill,  M*^Lagan,  Inchechaddin,  Ardew- 
niche,  Killin,  Straphillane,  Cumry,  Tullikettle,  Strowane,  Monyward  and 
Monzie,  the  Porte  Callenteich,  Kilmahing,  Lany,  Aberfull,  Luss,  Drymmen 
and  Inchecalzeoch ;  Requiring  alwayes  the  aduice  and  concurrence  of 
Ludovick  Duke  of  Lennox  and  John  Earl  of  Athoill,  in  persute  of  the 
personis  of  the  said  ClanGregour  duelland,  or  hantand,  within  the  boundis 
of  thair  commissionsis  or  Regalitie  Dunbartane,  Perth,  and  Stewartries  of 
Stratherne  and  Menteith,  and  to  pas  serche  seik  and  tak  the  saidis  rebellis 
quhairevir  thay  may  be  apprehendit,  and  to  putt  thame  to  ane  assise  and 
minister  justice  upoun  theme  or  utherwayes  to  bring  and  present  thame  befoir 
the  Justice  or  his  Deputis  in  the  Tolbuith  of  Edinburgh,  to  the  effect  justice 
may  be  execute  upoun  thame  for  thair  demeritis  conforme  to  the  lawis  of 
this  realme,  Courte,  or  Courtis  of  Justiciarie,  als  oft  as  neid  beis  within  the 
saidis  boundis,  or  ony  pairt  thairof,  to  sett,  begin  affix,  hald,  and  als  oft  as 
neid  beis  to  continew  &a.  &a.  (as  in  Commissioun  of  Fire  and  Sword  4.  Feb. 
1589-90.)  And  ordainis  lettres  to  be  direct  to  mak  full  publicatioun  heirof  at 
all  placeis  neidfuU  quhairthrow  nane  pretend  ignorance  of  the  samyn ;  And 
to  command  and  charge  all  and  sindrie  the  Baronis  and  Lairdis  of  Glen- 
urquhy,  Ardkinglass,  Laweris,  Glenlyoun,  Coline  Campbell  of  Arbeyth 
and  all  uthiris  Baronis,  Landit  men,  Gentilmen  and  utheris  his  Hienes 
liegis  quhatsomevir  within  the  saidis  boundis  conteinit  in  this  commissioun, 
actual  duellaris  thairin,  to  ryse,  concur,  repair  to  the  said  Archibald  Erll  of 
Ergyle  or  his  saidis  deputis  at  sic  pairties,  placeis,  and  at  sic  tymes,  and  to 
remane  and  pas  fordwart  alsoft,  and  with  samony  dayis  victuallis,  and  pro- 
visioun  as  thay  salbe  advuertisit  and  warnit  be  the  said  Erllis  proclamatiounis 
or  missive  lettres  at  all  tymes  and  occasiouns,  for  persute  and  reduceing  to 
his  Hienes  obedience  of  the  saidis  ClanGregor,  the  Stewarts  of  Baquhidder 
and  utheris  foirsaidis ;  and  on  nawayis  to  absent  thameselffis,  shift,  excuse 
or  delay  upon  ony  cullour  or  pretens  to  the  hindrance  of  his  Majesties 
service  and  quieting  of  his  estate  and  cuntrey,  undir  the  pane  of  tinsale 

240  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

(loss)  of  lyfe,  landis  and  guidis.     And  the  said  Commissioun  for  the  space 
of  three  monethis  to  enduir." — Record  of  Secret  Coun. 

"  Eodera  die. 
"  Charge  against  certain  Principal  men  of  the  ClanGregor  to  appear  before 

"  the  Earl  of  Argyle  at  Stirling. 
"  Forasmekle  as  oure  Soverane  Lord  is  certanelie  advuerteist  of  the  present 
disordouris,  heirshippis,  soirningis  and  oppressiounis  daylie  committit  be  the  Clan 
Gregour  in  contempt  of  his  Hienes  auctoritie,  and  to  the  grite  trouble  and  inquiet- 
ing  of  the  peccable  and  guid  subjectis  of  the  cuntreyis  adjacent  quhilk  is  liklie  to 
draw  on  forder  Inconvenient  giff  tymous  remeid  be  not  providit ;  Thairfoir  ordanis 
Lettres  to  be  direct  to  command  and  charge " 

The  List  is  the  same  as  that  of  the  "  Principallis  houshalderis  "  in  the 
document  sent  to  the  Laird  of  Tullibardine  as  given  on  previous  page, 
excepting  8,  viz.:  Nos.  i,  3,  6,  7,  8,  9,  10,  14. 

"  To  compeir  personallie  befoir  the  Erll  of  Ergyll  his  Hienes  Justice  General 
and  Lieutenant  in  that  part,  at  Striuiling  the  day  of  Feb.  instant  to  ansuer  to 
sic  thingis  as  sail  be  layed  to  thair  charge  concerning  thair  obediens  to  his  Hienes 
and  his  auctoritie  and  gude  reule  of  the  cuntrey  under  the  pane  of  Rebellioun  &a 
and  with  certificatioun  &a  And  as  thay  salbe  halden  mantenaris  and  pairt-takaries 
with  the  broken  men  of  the  said  Clan  in  thair  rebellioun  and  wicked  deidis,  and 
punist  for  the  same  with  all  rigour  in  example  of  utheris." — Record  of  Secret 
Council — (Acta). 

Various  transactions  with  regard  to  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray 
about  this  time  are  somewhat  complicated. 
From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"1590.  Aug.  I.  Decreet  from  the  Court  of  Session  obtained  by  Sir  Duncan 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  in  virtue  of  his  infeftment  and  sasine  against 
Alexander  Roy  INLicgregor,  Donald  Maclntyre  and  John  Macpersone 
Occupiers  of  Stronmelochan,  Patrick  APGregor  VDonald  occupier  of 
Tullich,  John  dow  ArGregor  and  Neill  his  brother,  occupiers  of  Dowletter, 
Patrick  ]\rGregor  occupier  of  Castellan,  and  Patrick  ower  MacGregor 
occupier  of  Derndoniche,  charging  them  to  flit  and  remove  from  said  lands. 
Decerned  against  them  in  absence.  N.B.  The  above  lands  are  all  parts  of 
the  20  shilling  lands  of  Glenstray  on  which  neither  Allaster  MacGregor  nor 
his  father  Gregor  had  been  feudally  invested.  Hence  it  was  possible  to 
eject  MacGregor  and  his  subtenants  from  them. 

594-95]  Entries  from   Chartulary  241 

"1594-5.  March  17.  Act  in  favour  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhy.  Complaint  by 
Sir  Duncan  Campbell,  apparently  with  the  view  of  obtaining  exoneration 
from  being  answerable  (according  to  the  regulations  of  the  General  Band) 
for  Allaster  MacGregor  who  was  still  at  his  Majesty's  Horn  '  not  having 
removed  fra  the  said  Sir  Duncan's  Landis  of  Stronmeloquhan  and  thair 
pertinentis)  and  becaus  he  remanit  at  the  said  proces  of  home  as  he  dois  zit 
unrelaxt,  and  in  the  meantime  still  possest  and  occupiet  the  said  Sir 
Duncanis  Landis  be  violence  aganis  his  will,  as  he  dois  yit  Notwithstanding 
that  he  be  his  proceeding  aganis  the  said  Alexander  in  maner  foirsaid  hes 
followit  oute  the  ordour  prescrivit  be  his  Majestic  and  his  Esteatis  be  the 
lait  Act  of  parliament  maid  anent  the  removing  of  broken  men  fra  landis 
quha  ar  not  ansuerable,  nor  sail  not  find  cautioun  to  be  ansuerable  to 
Justice  for  relief  of  thair  landislordis  and  Maisteris';  the  said  Duncan  had 
presented  a  previous  supplication  to  his  Highness  and  the  said  Lords  in 
Feb.  last  craving  that  by  Act  of  Council  they  would  declare  that  neither  he 
nor  the  cautioners  lately  found  by  him  should  be  answerable  for  the  said 
Alexander.  Although  his  desire  had  been  found  reasonable,  yet,  because 
the  said  letters  were  not  then  produced  to  verify  the  premisses  the  giving  out 
of  the  said  Declarator  had  been  suspended  till  the  letters  should  be  pro- 
duced. This  having  been  done  by  Sir  Duncan  it  is  decerned  and  declared, 
that  the  said  petitioner  and  his  cautioners  shall  not  be  answerable  for  the 
said  Alexander  in  time  coming. 

"  1595.  May.  Item  payit  to  George  Johnstoun  Messenger  passand  with  letteris 
to  charge  Archibald  Erie  of  Ergyle,  Schir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy 
Knight  Johne  Murray  of  TuUibardine  Knicht  and  others  to  entir  and  present 
certane  of  the  M'^Gregouris  and  uthir  broken  men  of  the  Hielandis  specifiet 
in  the  said  letters. 

"1595.  May  24.  Alexander  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  obtained  a  Decreet  in  the 
Court  of  Session  proceeding  on  the  Act  of  parliament  (the  General  Band) 
against  Alexander  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstray  pretendit  tenant  and  occupier  of 
the  32  merk  land  of  Rannoch  be  himself  and  subtennentis  underwritten  viz 

Rannoch  MacGregors. 

Alester  (bereicht)  M'^Gregour  M'^Ewin  voir, 

Duncan  M'^Ewin  voir  M'^Gregour, 

John  M'^Coneill  Kinneis  (V^Innes), 
occupearis  of  the  2  merk  land  of  Downan. 

Alester  M'^Gregor,  Malcolme  M'^William,  and  Finlay  M'^Williame, 
occupiers  of  the  4  merk  land  of  Kinclachar  (for  Malcolm  see  No.  75  Letters 
of  Horning,  Perth,  1586,  page  179). 
3  H 

242  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1595 

John  (M^^Gregor)  M^V^Eaneduy,  and  John  M'Gillevie, 
Occupearis  of  the  40  shilling  land  of  Camuserachtie  moir. 

John  M'^Williame  and 

Malcolm e  M'^Williarae, 
occupearis  of  the  40  shilling  land  of  Camuserachtie  beg; 

Ewin  dow,  occupear  of  the  Miln  and  Milne  Croft  of  Ardlariche, 

John  dow  M'^Condochie  VAUester, 
occupear  of  the  6  merk  land  of  Ardlarichie. 

John  M'^Phatrik  VGregour, 
occupear  of  the  2  merk  land  of  Kilconan. 

Patrik  and  John  Garris,  Donald  Glas  and  Gregour  M'^Phatrik, 
occupearis  of  the  40  shilling  land  of  Leran. 

Alester  M'^Kinnes  alis  Robertsone  (see  No.  80,  Horning,  Perth,  1586, 
page  125), 

Duncan  M'^Kinneis  his  brother,  and 

Duncan  M'^Ewin  V^Condochie, 
occupearis  of  the  6  merk  lands  of  Aulich. 

Malcolme  M'^Callum  glas, 

John  M'^Calium  his  sone,  and 

John  bane  M'^Callum  glas  (see  No.  89,  Horning,  Perth,  p.  125), 
occupearis  of  the  40  shilling  land  of  Leragan. 

Decerning  and  ordaining  him  and  his  said  subtenants  to  flit  and  remove 
from  the  lands  above  mentioned  :  on  this  decreet  Menzies  raised  letters  of 
horning  by  which  they  were  charged  to  the  above  effect  and  the  letters 
of  horning  were  recorded  on  the  7.  June  1595." — Decreets  of  Session  and 
Register  of  Hornings,  Perth. 

"  Eodem  die. 

"  Alexander  Menzies  of  that  Ilk  obtained  a  similar  Decreet  against 

John  Jamesone  M'^Gregour, 
pretentit  Tenant  and  occupier  of  the  40  shilling  land  of  Drumdewane  and 
Kynnald  and  the  20  shilling  land  of  Doulmane, 

John  dow  M'^Williame, 
occupear  of  the  2  3/4d  land  of  Kyndrochie. 

Williame  M'^Gregour  V^ilchallum, 
occupear  of  the  half  merk  land  of  Stuenochane  (or  Endlochane). 

Ewin  M'^Condochie,  occupear  of  the  half  merk  land  of  Glendoran. 

Decerning  and  ordaining  as  in  the  preceding  entry.  Letters  of  Horning 
raised  and  recorded  as  above." — Decreets  of  Session  as  above,  and  Register 
of  Hornings,  Perth.  , 

1595]  Entries  from  Chartulary  243 

"1595.  June.  Item  payit  to  Patrik  M'^comische  Messenger  passand  of  Edin- 
burgh with  lettreis  to  charge  James  Lord  of  Doun  and  Herie  Stewart  his 
tutour,  to  compeir  personalie  befoir  the  Lordis  of  Secreit  Counsall  the  24.  of 
this  instant,  and  to  entir  and  present  befoir  thame  Johne  M'^Gregour  of 
Ardveillarie,  (Ardchullerie  ?  on  Loch  Lubnaigside)  To  underly  sic  ordour 
as  sail  be  prescrivit  for  keiping  of  peace  and  guid  reuU  in  the  cuntrey,  undir 
pane  of  rebellioun." — Lord  high  Treasures  accts. 

"June  20.  Ane  Respite  maid  to  Patrik  M'^Gregour  in  Corequhrombie, 
Alister  M'^Kessane  in  Leny,  Gilchrist  M'^Kinturnour  in  Drumardoch  John 
M'^Gillespick  in  Leny,  Eure  Angussoun  in  Tombay,  and  to  ilk  ane  of  thame, 
for  resetting  suppleing  and  intercommuning  with  the  rebellious  men  of  the 
surname  or  clan  of  ClanGregoure  and  utheris  broken  men  of  the  Hielandis 
fugitives  and  disobedeient  to  his  Hienes  and  his  lawis ;  contrair  the  actes 
of  Parliament  and  gude  order  taken  be  his  Majestic  thairanent." — Privy 

The  above  Patrik  is  supposed  to  be  Patrick  Aldoch,  brother  of  Duncan 

"June  21.  Anent  the  actioun  persewit  be  Robert  Robertsoun  heritabill 
proprietar  of  the  Landis  and  barronie  of  Strowane  and  Fernocht  aganis 
Johne  dow  M'^allaster,  Allester  M'^allester,  Duncane  M'^AUester  wict  Allester, 
Neill  MVilliame,  neill  M'^condich,  Williame  M=neill,  Allester  M'^Gregour 
vict  clerich,  Allester  M'^cane  Roy,  Anent  the  removing  of  thame  fra  the 
landis  libellit  Compeirit  the  siad  persewer  personallie  witht  Williame 
Robertsone  his  procurator.  And  the  said  Neill  M*^Williame  comperand  be 
William  M'^NeilV  And  the  said  Williame  comperand  personallie  for  himself, 
Allester  M'^Gregour  cleriche  and  Allester  M*^eane  roy  and  Neill  M'^ondich 
comperand  personallie  be  them  selffis  And  the  said  Johne  dow  M*^ Allester, 
Allester  M'^Allester,  and  Duncane  M'^Allester  vie  Allester  nocht  comperand 
&a.  The  Sheriff  deput  foirsaid  decernes  the  defendaris  to  flitt  and  Remove 
conforme  to  the  Sheriffs  precept  and  tytilUs  producit  Becaus  thai  comperit 
nocht  to  shaw  ony  ressonabill  caus  in  the  contrar  quhy  the  samyn  suld 
nocht  be  doine,  una  cum  expesis  litigationis. 

"The  said  Allester  M'^Ane  Roy  comperand  personallie  Under  pro- 
testatione  for  all  and  sundrie  his  just  and  lawful  defensis  to  be  proponit 
and  allegitt  tyme  and  place  as  accordis  and  allegit  he  aucht  nocht  to  be 
decernit  to  Remowe  becaus  he  hes  ane  lyferent  richt  of  all  and  haill  the 
XX  shilling  landis  of  Cultalaskyne  for  all  the  dayes  of  his  lyfetyme  sett  to 
him  be  Donald  Robertsoun  than  off  Strowane  &a  And  for  verifying  thairoff 

1  No  19,  page  238. 

244  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1595 

produceit  the  said  tak  subscryvit  be  the  said  Donald  Robertsoun  of  Strowane 
of  the  daitt  At  Strone  in  Fernan  the  sewintt  day  of  Appryll  1589.  (The 
pursuer  alledged  that  the  granter  of  the  tak  had  no  power,  being  himself 
only  a  liferenter,  to  give  any  tak  beyond  his  own  lifetime)  The  Sheriff 
deput  foirsaid  takis  to  adwysett  upoun  the  former  alledgances  (till  28.  instant) 
and  assigns  the  said  day  to  pronounce  the  interloquitur  and  absolvitt  the 
personis  folowing  witht  consent  of  parte  fra  the  vairning  lybellit  becaus  the 
said  Williame  Ivrneill  personallie  comperand  producett  ane  tak." 

"  List  of  persons  on  the  lands  of  Strowane  Robertson  1595  and 
names  of  their  tacks. 

Williame  M-^Neill, 
7  merk  land  of  Boirland  and  '  hauff'  of  the  milne  and  multur  of  Fernochie 
and  of  the  i  merk  land  of  mid  Fernoche. 

AUester  ^PGregour  clerich, 
3  merk  land  of  Croftnailzeane. 

Neill  M'^condoquhie, 
in  Middle  Fernan. 

"  The  above,  tennentis  and  occupearis  of  the  saidis  landis  haulden  be 
them  of  Robert  Robertsoun  of  Strowane  thair  maister  heretour  of  the  samyn 
land  within  the  barony  of  Fernan  and  Sherifdome  of  Pertht  And  of  their 
awin  frie  motive  Willis  untreatit  or  compellit  as  thai  declarit  Actit  and  oblist 
them  their  Airis  succesouris  executouris  and  assignayis  in  the  Sheriff  buikis 
of  Pertht  ilk  ane  respective  for  their  awin  pairtis  That  thai  and  ilk  ane  of 
them  During  thair  occupatioun  of  the  saidis  landis  sail  be  obedient  to  our 
Souerane  lordis  lawis  for  seeing  the  end  of  oppressioun,  thift  resetting  of 
thift,  heirschippis,  slchter,  or  ony  uther  crymes  quhairby  the  said  Robert 
Robertsone  of  Strowane  thair  maister  and  landislord  mey  be  trublit  or 
persewit  for  be  quhatsoevir  persone  and  forder  sail  do  their  dewtifuU 
behauiour  and  dewite  in  all  respectis  to  the  said  Robert  Robertsone  of 
Strowane  thair  maister  his  airis  and  successouris.  At  the  handis  of  our 
Souerane  lord  and  lykwayis  at  the  handis  of  all  and  quhatsumevir  pairteis 
that  sail  happin  heireftir  to  be  intrest  Damnfeit  or  skaythit  in  thair  Defaultis 
of  all  inconvenientis  that  the  said  Robertsoun  or  his  foirsaidis  or  the 
persewaris  sail  happin  to  be  instlie  callit  for  and  sustenit  as  thair  landislord 
or  Maister  be  vertu  of  the  generall  Band  or  act  of  parliament  and  conforme 
thairto  in  all  pyntis  quhair  upoun  the  said  Robert  Robertsone  of  Strowane 
askit  actis  and  instruments.  William  M'^Neill  in  fernay  witht  &a." — Sheriff 
Books  of  Perth. 

1596]    Letter  from  James  VI.  to  M'^Intosh    245 

The  above  action  at  law  is  interesting,  as  shewing  the  working  of  the 
heavy  responsibility  which  landlords  incurred  by  the  enactments  of  the 
General  Bond,  which  obliged  even  those  proprietors  who  might  be  on 
friendly  terms  with  their  MacGregor  tenants  to  protect  themselves  by 
giving  them  notice  to  remove.  And,  at  the  same  time,  the  policy  of  the 
Crown  in  selling  letters  and  commissions  against  the  ClanCregor  naturally 
had  an  effect  the  reverse  of  pacific  on  the  country  in  general.  There 
were  numerous  small  encounters ;  no  honest  calling  was  left  open  for 
the  Clansmen,  and,  being  from  their  adventurous  nature  always  ready 
for  a  fray,  their  services  were  gladly  secured  for  other  people's  quarrels 
or  skirmishes. 

"  1595-  ]^^^  S-  Robert  Robertsone  of  Strowane  aad  his  curators  obtain 
Decreet  from  the  Court  of  Session  charging  John  Dow,  Duncan  and 
AUaster  M^AlIaster  alias  M'^Gregours,  to  flit  and  remove  from  his  lands  of 
Stronfernan,  Lagfernan,  and  Vindevoir  in  Barony  of  Fernan. 

"(Jan.  18.  1596-7.     Letters  of  Horning  at  Perth  enforced  their  removal.) 

"  1595.  July  12.     Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  obtained  a  Decreet  in 

the  Court  of  Session  against  Gregour  M'^Eane,  pretendit  Tennent  of  the 

Lands  of  Boquheillies  and  Kincrakin  ;  Duncan  M'^Gregor  pretendit  Tennent 

of  the  lands  of  Arthie ;  and  Gregour  M'^Gregour  pretendit  Tennent  of  the 

lands  of  Moiris ;   Decerned  to  flit  and  remove  from  the  lands  abovemen- 

tioned." — Decreets  of  Court  of  Session. 

"July  29.     Stewart  of  Grantyllie  obtained  a  Decreet  in  the  Court  of  Session 

against  AUester  Makgregour  alias   Puddrache  pretendit  Tennent  of  Ard- 

caskard,   and    Duncan   M'^Gregour  alias   M^Ean  cham  pretendit  Tennent 

of  the  Lands  of  TuUichvoulin.     Decerned  to  flit  and  remove  from  said 


The  following  letter  from   King  James  VL  to   Mcintosh  was  copied 

from  the  original  in  the  archives  of  Moy  by  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray. 

It  shows  the  anger  which  possessed  the  mind  of  the  King — a  feeling 

which  had  been  kindled,  and  doubtless  carefully  nurtured,  by  those  whose 

interest  it  was  to  get  rid  of  the  Clan  and  enjoy  their  escheats : — 

"1596.  March  30.  James  R.  Richt  traist  friend  we  greet  you  hairthe  well. 
Haveing  hard  be  report  of  the  late  preiffe  gevin  be  you  of  your  willing 
disposition  to  our  service  in  prosequiting  of  that  wicked  race  of  MacGregour 
we  half  thocht  meit  hereby  to  signifie  unto  you  that  we  accompt  the  same 

146  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1596 

as  maist  acceptable  plesour  and  service  done  unto  us  and  will  not  omitt  to 
regaird  the  same  as  it  deserves ;  and  becaus  we  ar  to  gif  you  oute  of  oure 
awin  mouthe  sum  forder  directioun  thairanent;  It  is  oure  will  that  upon  the 
sicht  hereof  ye  repaire  hither  with  all  haist  and  at  your  arriving  we  sail 
impairt  oure  full  mynde ;  and  heirwithall  we  haif  thocht  expedient  that  ye 
befoir  your  arriving  hither  sail  caus  execute  to  the  death  Duncan  ^rEan 
caim  lately  tane  be  you  in  your  last  raid  aganis  the  ClanGregour,  and  caus 
his  heid  to  be  transported  hither  to  the  effect  the  same  may  be  afifixt  in  sum 
public  place  to  the  terror  of  uther  malefactouris  ;  and  comitt  you  to  God. 
From  Halyrud  hous  the  penult  day  of  March  in  the  yeir  1696." 

"  (signed)        James  VI." 

(The  correct  month  is  supplied  by  a  Latin  MS.  in  the  Advocates' 
Library,  Edinburgh,  which  makes  mention  of  the  '  very  polite  letter '  sent  to 
M'^Intosh.  The  royal  mandate  was  not,  however,  carried  into  execution,  as 
Duncan  was  alive  eight  years  later.) 
"  1596.  July  15.  The  quhilk  day  compeirit  Alexander  Maister  of  Elphinstoun 
and  produceit  our  Soverane  Lordis  Lettres  dewlie  execute  and  endorsat 
purchest  by  hiraselff,  Alex  Elphinstoune  Broyr  to  Alex :  Lord  Elphinstoune 
&a  &a  to  charge  Archibald  Erll  of  Ergyll  as  principall,  Sir  James  Seytoune 
of  TuUiebodie  Knight  James  Schaw  of  Sauchie  &a  as  cautiouneris  and 
soverteis  conjunctlie  and  severallie  for  ye  said  Erll  of  Ergyll  actit  in  ye 
buckis  of  Secreit  Counsall  to  enter  and  present 

John  Dow  M'^Gregour  broy'  to  the  laird  of  M'^Gregour, 

Johnne  Dow  ISrEwin  M/^Gregour's  sone, 

Johnne  Dow  Campbell  M'^Condoquhy  tutour  of  Inueraw, 

Duncan  Campbell  his  sone, 

Patrik  M'^Condoquhie  broy"'  to  ye  said  Johne  Dow, 

Lauchlane  Campbell  his  broy""  sone, 

Archibald  and  Duncan  Campbells  sones  to  Alexander  Storach  (Skorach) 

Patrick  M'^Gregour  sone  to  Patrik  Dow  M'^Gregour,  and 

James  M'^Gregour  sone  to  Duncan  Glene, 

Mentenents  and  seruands  to  ye  said  Archibald  Erll  of  Ergyll  to  underlie  the 
law  for  certain  heirschipis  committit  aganis  the  compleinaris  foirsaidis." — 
Extract  of  Record  of  Justiciary. 

"  Bond  by  the  Laird  of  MacGregor  for  the  good  behaviour  of  himself 
and  his  Clan. 

"  1596.  July  17.     At  Dunfermline.     The  Quhilk  day  in  presens  of  the  Kingis 
Majestic  and  Lordis  of  Secrete  Counsale;  In  maist  humble  maner  com- 

Bond  by  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  247 

peirit  Alester  Macgregoure  of  Glenstra  acknowledging  his  offenses  and 
dissobedience  bypast  quhairof  he  maist  ernistlie  repentit,  and  actit  and 
obleist  himself  as  Chief  of  his  Clan  and  name  That  he  and  his  said  Clan 
and  name  and  all  sic  personis  as  he  is  obleist  to  answer  for  be  the  lawis  of 
this  realme,  Actis  of  Parliament  and  General  Band  Sail  keip  his  Hienes 
peice  quyetnes  and  gude  rewle  in  the  cuntrie  and  nawyse  invaid,  trouble  nor 
oppress  his  Hienes  Subjectis  by  ordour  of  law ;  And  that  he  and  thay  sail 
be  ansuerable  to  his  Majestie  and  to  justice,  and  sail  satisfie  and  redres  thair 
skaithis  and  attemptatis  conforme  to  the  saidis  lawis,  actis  and  Band ;  And 
for  the  better  satisfaction  of  the  premisses,  the  said  Alester  becumes  Plege 
and  sail  remane  in  his  Hienes  cumpany  and  house,  and  nawyse  eschaip 
eschew,  nor  pas  hame  without  his  Hienes  license  and  Lettre  subscrivit  be 
his  Majestie  and  his  counsale,  undir  the  pane  to  be  puneist  at  his  Majesteis 
plessour  in  his  persoun,  landis  guidis  and  geir ;  And  alsua  the  said  Alester 
gaif  his  ayth  of  fidelitie  to  his  Hienes  and  that  he  suld  not  knaw  his  hurt 
nor  skaithe  but  suld  revele  the  same  to  his  Majestie;  and  to  do  all  uther 
that  as  His  Hienes  Houshaldman,  he  aucht  to  do ;  as  he  suld  ansuer  to 
God  upon  the  salvatioun  of  his  saule." — Rec :  Sec :  Council  Acta  penes 
Insularum  et  Marchiarum  ordinem. 

"  1566.  July  24.  Precept  of  a  Remission  ^  to  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstray 
and  all  persons  of  his  surname  of  M'^Gregour,  and  their  friends,  kin,  men- 
tenants  servants  and  Dependers,  for  being  art  and  part  of  the  cruel  murder 
and  slaughter  of  umple  John  Drummond  of  Drummenerenoch,  committed 
by  the  said  Alexander  and  his  foresaid  Clan  in  the  month  of  Jan.  1589.  and 
for  all  other  committed  by  the  said  Alexander  or  by  any  of  his  surname  of 
M'^Gregour." — Privy  Seal  Ixviij  199. 

N.B.  A  previous  and  equally  complete  remission  had  been  granted  on 
the  4.  Jan.  1591-2. 

"  1596.  October.  John  Campbell  of  Ardkinglas  made  a  complaint  that  his 
wife  whilst  travelling  peacebly  home  was  set  upon  by  a  number  of  men 
'  armed  with  weapons  at  the  special  sending  and  hounding  of  the  Earl  of 
Argyle  and  carried  off  her  horses  and  those  of  her  servants  &a.  and  com- 
pellit  every  one  of  them  to  scourge  utheris  with  belts  and  brydillis,  in  maist 
cruell  maner.'  And  '  forceit  the  said  Dame  Jane  to  returne  back  again  on 
her  feit.'  Several  MacGregors  are  enumerated  in  this  affair  in  which  another 
MacGregor  one  of  the  complainers  servants  was  taken  away  captive  and 
carried  to  '  the  place  of  Inueraree  '  where  he  was  kept  for  three  or  four  days." 

"  Nov.  19.     Letters  of  Horning  recorded  at  Perth.     Because  by  contract  dated 

1  This  Remission,  of  course,  implies  that  the  Chief  and  Clan  were  implicated  in  the  Murder  of 
Drummondernach,  but  it  does  not  prove  the  truth  of  the  accusation. 

248  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

I  &  2.  Feb.  1590  they  became  bound  not  to  commit  slaughter  or  felony  (see 
contract  of  that  date.)  and  'Albeit  it  be  of  verity  that  Johnne  IVrCregour 
brother  german  to  the  said  AUester  M^Gregour  of  Glenstray  Johnne  Dow 
^rEwin  V^Gregour  and  Donald  Dow  M'^Allester  with  their  accomplices 
stole  from  Graham  of  Fintrie,  yet  Allaster  Roy  M'^Gregour  and  his  Cautioners 
refuse  to  apprehend  them."— Reg.  of  Hornings,  Perth. 

It  must  have  been  very  strange  to  the  turbulent  Chief  to  be  toned 
down  into  a  docile  courtier  in  the  "  company  "  of  King  James,  though  it 
was  a  merciful  chance  for  him  had  it  been  possible  for  his  Clan  to  have 
remained  at  peace.  But  doubtless  neither  opportunities  nor  wily  tempters 
were  wanting  to  allure  them  onwards  to  break  the  very  insecure  truce. 


Chapter  XXI 
1596  to  1598 

^ROM  the  "  Chartulary  "  :— 

"  1596-7.  Robert  Campbell  second  son  of  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurquhy 
had  a  letter  of  gift  dated  March  12.  of  this  year  under  the  Privy  Seal  grant- 
ing to  him  the  life  rent  &a  of  the  Lands  of  Glenfalloch  which  pertained 
formerly  to  Ure  Campbell  of  Strachur  and  Charles  Campbell  his  son  and 
fell  to  the  King  because  the  Father  and  son  were  denounced  rebels  for  non- 
payment of  their  Part  of  the  taxation  of  ;^i 00,000  granted  to  his  Majestic 
for  the  baptism  of  Prince  Henry,  effeiring  to  their  ^6  land  of  Glenfalloch. 
In  consequence  of  this  transaction  the  following  Decreet  was  given. 
"  1597-  J^ly  28.  Robert  Campbell  of  Glenfalloch  son  to  Sir  Duncan  Campbell 
of  Glenurquhy  obtained  Decreet  against  Ewin  Campbell  of  Straquhir  and 
Charles  Campbell  his  son  pretending  rights  to  the  lands  of  Glenfalloch  with 
their  Tennents  as  follows. 

"  The  saidis  Ewir  and  Charles  Campbell  pretendand  right  to  the  saidis 
Landis  of  Glenfalloch  and  utheris, 

Archibald  M'^Ewir, 
pretendit  occupear  of  the  He  of  Lochdochart  with  the  merk  land  thairof ;  and 
uther  2  merk  land  of  Innerhary. 

Duncan  Glen  (M'^Gregor), 
3  merk  land  of  Innerchaganymoir  and  Innerchaganybeg  ; 

John  M'^Gillechreist  V^Ewir, 
merk  land  of  Innerardoran  ; 

Gregour  MThdrik  M^Coulkeir, 
20  shilling  merk  land  of  Kyleter  beg  and  Corarby  ; 

Neill  M^gregour  and  Neill  M'^Gillechallum, 
20  shilling  land  of  Clachanbretane, 

(Two  M'^Farlanes  follow), 

Duncan  Abroch  alias  M'^Gregour, 
5  merk  land  of  Ardchalzie  (Ardchoille  Wester). 
2  I 

250  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor       [1597-98 

"  They  had  been  decerned  to  remove  at  Whitsunday  '  Notwithstanding 
quhairof  the  foirsaidis  personis  hes  continewaUie  sen  the  said  feist  occupiet 
the  foirsaidis  landis  with  the  pertinentis  and  as  yit  will  nocht  remove,  desist, 
and  ceiss  thairfra  to  the  effect  foirsaid,  without  they  be  compellit. 

"Letters  of  Horning  were  recorded  at  Perth  July  1599.  from  which  it 
appears  that  the  Defenders  refused  to  remove  and  were  accordingly  de- 
nounced as  rebels. — Reg.  of  Hornings  Perth. 

"  1597-8.  Jan.  and  May.  The  caus  of  Strowane  Robertson  against  some  of  his 
MacGregor  tenants  in  Fernan  is  continued  but  at  last  disappears. 

"  1598.  May  23.  Comperit  (at  Edinburgh)  Thomas  Steven  in  Bannachan  and 
presented  our  soerane  lordis  letteris  dewlie  execute  and  indorsate  purcheist 
be  him,  for  chargeing  of  James  Erll  of  Glencairne  as  Landislord  to  enter 
Johne  M'^Gregour  in  Comer  and  George  Buchanane  of  that  Ilk  to  entir 
Malcolme  M'^Gregour  in  Glengyle.  It  is  decreed  that  the  above  are  men- 
Tenants  to  the  Earl,  or  Buchanane  and  the  matter  is  referred  to  the  oaths  of 
the  Defenders. — Record  of  Justiciary. 

"  1598.  May  25.  Decreet  in  the  Court  of  Session  at  the  instance  of  one  Oswald 
against  Gregor  M'^Gregor  in  Glenleidnoch  son  of  umqle  Patrik  Ammonoch 
M'^Gregour  (in  Kingart)  in  Glenleidnoch  for  payment  of  six  oxen. — Decreets 
of  Session. 

"  1598.  June  8.     Decreet  M'^Gregouris  agt  M'^Leans  at  Edinburgh. 

"At  Edinburgh  Compeirit  Malcolme  M'^Williame  in  Kinclachar, 
Finlay  M'^William  thair, 
Donald  dow  M'^Eane  V^Gregour  in  Downan, 
John  M'^Conneill  VInnes  thair, 
John  MXonnochie  V^eanduy  in  Camuserach, 
Donald  M'^Condochie  oyar  thair, 
John  dow  M'^ilchallum  in  Camiserach  beg, 

and  Donald  M'^connochie  V^William  thair  and  presendit  oure  Soerane 
Lordis  Lettreis  dewlie  execute  purcheist  be  thame  against  certain  M'^Leans 
who  were  charged  to  appear  to  answer  for  certain  heirships.  The  M'^Leans 
were  fined  for  the  value  of  the  stock  carried  off  from  the  lands  of  the 
Macgregors.  In  reference  to  this  action  on  the  same  day  '  Compeirit  WiUiam 
Murray  (in  the  High  Court  of  Justiciary)  and  tuik  instruments  that  he 
alledged  that  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregor  and  his  kin  were  ye  first  sen  King 
James  I,  that  cum  and  sucht  justice  '  meaning  probably  that  they  thus  re- 
frained from  taking  the  law  into  their  own  hands  as  was  usual. 

"The  same  day  The  Justice  Depute  decernit  and  ordainit  Sir  Lauchlan 
M'^Lean  of  Dowart  as  landislord  and  Chieftain  of  Clan,  with  others,  M'^Leans, 
*  To  content  and  pay  to  the  said  Finlay  M'^William  in  Kinclachar  a  fine  for 
stock  and  geir  carried  off.' 

1598-99]  Sundry  MacGregors  ordered  to  flit     251 

"  1598.  July  8.  Anent  the  actioun  and  caus  peresewit  be  James  Commendator 
of  Inchaffray,  Laird  of  Innerpeffrie  Heritour  of  the  Landis  and  utheris  under- 
written aganis  Duncan  M*^Gregour,  Margaret  Stewart  ReUct  of  Alexander 
Pudrych,  Duncan  M'^Gregour  his  sone,  AUester  M'^Gregour,  Malcolm 
M'^Coullcheir,  Helen  M'^Gregour  Relict  of  umqle  Robert  Stewart  (Decree  of 
removal  Lands  not  specified). — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

"July  19.  Lord  Drummond  against  his  tenants  Malcum  M'^Culcheir,  Galium 
closs  (glas  ?)  M*^Gregour  and  John  Smythe  in  Blairvoir. 

Duncan  M'^Gregour, 
part  of  4  merk  land  of  Mewy  called  the  Straid. 

Ordered  to  flit,  but  tak  produced  from  Lord  Drummond  of  the  4  merk  land 
of  Dalchirlay  and  not  decerned  to  remove. 

"October  21.  Anent  the  actioun  and  caus  persewit  be  Sir  John  Murray  of 
TuUibardin  Knicht,  heritour  of  the  Landis  underwritten  Aganis  John  dow 
M'^Gregour  brother  german  to  Allester  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstrae  pretendit 
occupair  of  the  five  merk  land  of  Glenbaich  and  2|  merk  land  of  Mekill 
Stronvair,  lyand  within  the  Lordship  of  Balquhidder  (Defender  not  appearing 
decerned  to  flit). 

"1598-9.  Feb.  8.  Horning  at  the  instance"  of  Sir  Duncan  Lindsay  of  Edzell 
against  Menzies  &a,  John  dow  M'^Ewin  M'^Gregour,  Donald  Darriche 
houshald  servand  to  Allester  M'^Gregour  of  that  Ilk.  Allester  M^Gregour  in 
Fernane  servitor  to  Robertson  of  Strowane,  John  dow  M'^Ewin  M'^Gregour 
both  (boch  ?  deaf),  William  M'^Ewin  V^Gilleechehche  in  Rannoche, 
M'^Gregour  of  that  Ilk,  John  Oig  his  brother,  Johne  M'^Condochie  V^Anedowie 
M'^Gregour  in  Rannoche  &a  for  theft  and  oppression. — Hornings  Perth." 

From  the  "  Red  and  White  Book  of  Menzies  "  : — 

"Holyrood  House,  25.  Jan.  1599.  Complaint  by  Alexander  Menzies  of 
Weyme,  as  follows  :  In  the  month  ....  last  Donald  Menzies,  a  '  commoun 
and  notorious  theiff  and  lymmer,  and  a  declarit  rebell  and  fugitive '  had 
been  apprehended  by  complainer  in  the  actual  committing  of  theft  and 
warded  within  his  place  of  Weyme  '  quhill  the  commoditie  of  his  tryale  had 
bene  offerit.'  In  these  circumstances  Johnne  Dow  M'^Williame  alias 
M'^Gregour  a  copartiner  with  him  in  all  his  thifteous  deidis,  being  informed 
of  the  danger  quhairin  he  was  had  '  for  preventing  and  disappointing  of  his 
tryale,  come  at  night,  '  accompanied  with  a  nowmer  of  his  rebellious  com- 
pliceis,  all  thevis  sornaris  and  lymmeris '  to  the  place  of  Weyme,  and  '  be 
some  secreit  practize  and  policie,  he  surprisit  and  tuke  the  place,  dang  up 
the  durris  of  the  prisone  quhairin  the  said  Donald  lay  for  the  tyme  and 
fred  him  out  of  warde.'     Both  of  them  had  passed  to  Sir  John  Murray  of 

252  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1599 

Tullibardin,  knight,  '  be  quhome  thay  wer  ressett,  and  his  bene  intertenyit 
sensyne,  as  thai  ar  yit  with  him  as  his  househald  men  and  servandis,  and 
are  speciaHe  acknawlegeit  be  him  as  twa  ordinaris  of  his  househald  and 
famihe.'  Moreover  the  said  Donald  having  committed  sundro  stouths  upon 
the  Laird  of  Edzell,  the  complainer,  as  alleged  Chief  and  Chieftain  of  the 
Clan  is  called  upon  to  enter  him  before  the  King  and  Council.  Wherefor 
it  is  necessary  that  letters  be  executed  against  the  Laird  of  Tullibardin,  as 
well  for  the  entry  of  the  said  Donald  as  for  that  of  Johnne  to  underlie 
trial  for  their  demerits;  The  complainer  and  Sir  John  Murray  appearing 
personally  the  King  with  advice  of  the  Council  assoilzie  the  Defender  from 
the  entry  of  the  said  Donald  simpHciter  in  time  coming  but  ordains  him  to 
enter  the  said  Johnne  Dow  before  the  Council  upon  the  22.  day  of  Feb. 
next  under  pain  of  horning,  because  the  said  Sir  Johnne  has  confessed  that 
the  said  Johnne  Dow  was  in  his  house  after  the  day  of  the  charge  given  to 
him  for  his  entry  viz  1 7.  Jan.  instant  and  had  remained  with  him  a  certain 
time  thereafter  '  and  sua  it  lay  in  his  poware  and  possibilitie  to  have  enterit 
him  as  required.' — Reg.  of  Privy  Council." 

From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  1599.  May.     Item  payit  to  Patrik  M'^Comeiss,  Messenger  passand  of  Edin- 
burgh with  lettres  to  charge 

Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Knight, 

Johne  Campbell  of  Caddel  (Calder), 

Johne  Campbell  of  Laweris, 

Robert  Robertson  of  Strowane, 

Sir  Thomas  Stewart  of  Garntullie  Knicht, 

Alexander  Menzies  of  Weyme, 

Colene  Campbell  of  Glenlyoun, 

James  Haldane  of  Glenageis, 

James  Commendator  of  Incheafray, 

James,  (mistake  for  Patrick)  Lord  Drummond, 

Sir  Jhone  Murray  of  Tullibardin  Knicht, 

David  Grahame  of  , 

Dame  Margaret  Douglas,  Countess  of  Argyle, 

Alexander  (Campbell)  Bishop  of  Brechin, 

Coline  Campbell  of  Lundie, 

To  enter  and  present  everie  ane  of  thame  the  particular  persons  of  the  Clan 
of  M'^Gregour  for  quhome  thay  ar  obleist  to  ansuer  as  maisteris  and  Landis- 
lordis  speciallie  designit  to  thame  in  the  saidis  lettreis,  the  thrid  day  of  July 

MacGregors  presented  before  Privy  Council    253 

nixt  to  underlie  sic  ordour  as  sail  be  tane  with  thame  tuiching  the  weill  and 
quietnes  of  the  cuntrie;  And  alsua  with  Lettreis  to  be  publeist  at  the 
Marcat  Croce  of  Perth  chargeing  Allester  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstraa,  and 
remanent  haill  persones  of  that  mischievous  Clan  to  compeir  personalie ; 
as  alsua  the  said  Alester  as  thair  Capitane,  Chief,  and  Chiftane  To  enter 
and  present  the  samen  personis  befoir  his  Majestic  and  Counsall  the  thrid 
day  of  July  nixt  to  cum,  To  underlie  sic  ordour  as  sail  be  tane  with  thame 
tuiching  the  reduceing  of  thame  to  obedience. 

"  Item  payit  to  ane  boy  passand  of  Edinburgh  with  clois  lettreis  to  the 
Commendatour  of  Incheafray,  the  Lairdis  of  Glenurchy  and  Glensraa, 

"  Item  to  James  Purdie  Messingir  passand  of  Edinburgh  with  Lettreis  to 

Ludowick  Duik  of  Lennox, 

James  Erie  of  Glencairne, 

Alexander  Lord  Levingstone, 

Sir  Archibald  Naper  of  Edinbellie  Knicht, 

Jhone  Naper  his  sone, 

James  Chisholme  of  Cromlix, 

William  Schaw  of  Knockhill,  and 

Alexander  Schaw  of  Cambusnoir, 

As  maisteris  and  Landislordis  of  the  particular  persones  of  the  Clan  of 
M'^Gregour  speciallie  designit  in  the  said  lettreis  (&a  as  above)  and  alsua 
with  Lettreis  to  be  publeist  at  the  croces  of  Striveling  and  Dunbartane 
chargeing  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  his  haill  Clan  in  manner  as  is  befoir 
writtin. — Lord  High  Treasurer's  Books. 

"  1599-  J'^^e  9-  Robertson  of  Strowan  against  his  tennents;  mention  made  of 
Malcolm  M'^WiUiam  M'^Gregour  in  Blairfettie.— Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

"June  13.  TulUbardine  against  his  tennents,  John  M^Coulle,  Malcolm 
M'CouUe,  Duncan  M'^Phatrik  M'^Coulle,  Johne  M=Eane  M'^Gregour, 
Gregour  M'=Coneill,  and  John  Gait  M'^Gregour  (defenders  not  appearing 
are  decerned  to  flit  Lands  not  specified). — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 

"June  20.     Removing ;  Glenurquhay  against  M'^Gregouris. 

Patick  M'^Quene  in  Eister  Tenneiffis  (Duneaves), 

Alester  M'^Gregour  clerich, 

Allester  M'^Ewine  V^Gregour, 

Neill  M'^Gregour  V^Hucheoun, 

Duncane  M'^Ewin  V^Gregour, 

Allester  M'^Ewin  V^Gregour, 

Gregour  M'^hutcheoun, 

254  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1599 

Gregour  ^rEwin, 

Duncan  Abroch, 

Allester  Scorach  his  brother, 

Gregour  ^reane,  and 

Allester  RrCregour  his  sonne, 

Neill  M^Gregour, 

Gregour  IVrPhatrick, 

Duncane  ]\rPhatrick  ammonach  (Glen  Almond), 

Gregour  M'^Phatrick  ammonacht,  and 

Patrick  dallach  IVrGregour, 

pretendit  tennents  and  occupears  of  the  landis  lybellit.  (Decreet  against 
Defenders  in  absence). — Sheriff  Books  of  Perth. 
"  Same  date.  Anent  the  actioun  and  caus  persewit  be  Sir  Thomas  Stewart  of 
GarnetuUie  Knicht,  Takisman  of  the  Landis  and  Baronie  of  Forthergill 
(Fortingall)  with  the  fortalice  and  place  of  Garth  and  office  of  the  Forestrie 
of  Schehallion,  Aganis 

Duncane  M^^eane  chame  V^Gregour, 

Janet  Stewart,  Relict  of  umquhile  Allester  Puderach  VGregour, 

and  others  (defenders   not   appearing   are  decerned   to   remove). — Sheriff 
Books  of  Perth. 

"  1599-  July  14-     Removing  Laird  of  Weyme  against  M'^Gregouris. 

"Johne  ^rGregour  and  his  subtennentis  pretendit  occupearis  of  the 
20  shilling  Land  of  Drumdewane, 
20  shilling  land  of  Dalmayne, 

20  shilling  land  of  Kirkland  of  Dull  with  the  milne  thairof, 
20   shilling   land   of  Kynnaill,    all   lyand  within  the  Sherifdom  of  Perth. 
(Decreet  of  Removal  in  absence). — Sheriff  Books,  Perth. 

"1599.  July  24.  Offeris  for  Allester  M'^Gregour  of  Glensray  presentit  to  his 
Majeste  and  Lordis  of  Secreit  Counsale  in  name  of  the  said  Allester  be  Sir 
Johne  Murray  of  Tullybardine  Knt,  Sir  Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay 
Knicht,  and  Johone  Grant  of  Freuchie  at  Edinburgh. 

"  Because  it  is  impossible  to  the  sais  Allester  to  get  inlande  Cautioun 
upoun  the  conditiounes  of  the  General  Band  conforme  to  the  Act  of  Parlia- 
ment; In  respect  nather  is  he  responsale  of  the  sowmes  quhairupoun  the 
cautioun  is  found,  and  that  no  Inlandis  man  will  be  cautoun  for  him,  in 
respect  of  the  bypast  enormities  of  his  Clan  ;  Thairfor  it  is  ofifert  that  the 
said  Alexander  for  satisfactoun  of  his  Majesties  honour  sail  cum  in  his 
Hienes  will  for  ony  offence  committit  be  himself.  And  that  he  sail  deliver 
to  his  Majestic  Three  Plegeis  of  the  sex  to  be  nominat  be  his  Majestic  cute 

Bond  by  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  for  Clan    255 

of  the  Thrie  Housses  ^  of  that  Clan  (viz  the  houses  of  Glensrae,  of  Roro 
and  of  Gregor  M'-'Eane)  his  Majestie  nameand  twa  for  everie  houss,  Johne 
dow  M'^Gregour  (Glenstray's  brother)  alwayes  exceptit  To  be  placeit  quhair 
his  Majestie  and  his  Counsall  sail  appoint  to  remaine  as  plegeis  for  the 
guid  reule  and  obedience  of  the  haill  Clan  and  name  of  M'^Gregour  in  tyme 
cumeing ;  and  for  sic  of  the  said  Clan  and  name  as  beis  disobedient  he  sail 
outher  entir  thame  to  his  Hienes  or  to  Justice  or  eUis  use  justice  upoun 
thame  himselff  he  havand  his  Majesteis  Commissioun  to  that  effect.^ 
Attoure  we  obleiss  oure  selfifis  to  present  oure  selffis  befoir  his  Majestie  and 
his  Counsale  upoun  the  28.  of  this  instant  and  gif  ane  resolute  ansuer  to 
his  Majestie  and  his  Counsall  anent  the  dew  performance  of  thir  offeris  in 
everie  point. 


Duncan  Campbell 
Signed  off  Glenvrquhay 

Jhone  Grant 

off  Freuchy 
Original  in  General  Register  House,  Edinburgh. 

"  1599.  Aug.  2.     At  Falkland  Bond  by  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  for  his  Clan. 

"  The  quhilk  day  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstray  compeirand  personallie 
in  presence  of  the  Lordis  off  Secreit  Counsale,  Tuke  upoun  him  the  haill 
personis  of  the  name  of  M'^Gregour  and  promeist  to  be  ansuerabill  for  thame 
be  making  of  thame  furth  cumand  to  Justice  for  all  the  attemptis  to  be 
commitit  be  thame  heireftir  ay  and  untill  he  in  presence  of  the  saidis  Lordis 
lat  thame  under  utheris  Landislordis  and  qualifie  sufilicientlie  that  they  duell 
under  utheris  Landislordis;  At  quhilk  tyme  he  to  be  na  forder  burdynit 
with  samony  as  he  layis  aff  him,  bot  for  reliefif  of  the  Landislordis  according 
to  the  Act  of  Parliament. 

"  1599.  Aug.  2.  (same  day  as  the  preceding  Bond) 

"  Cautioun  for  Makgregour. 

"  Quhilk  day  James  Commendator  of  Incheaffray  and  Sir  Jhone  Murray 
Knicht  become  actit  and  obleist  as  Cautioneris  conjunctlie  and  severalie  for 
Allester  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstrae,  That  the  said  Allester  sail  compeir 
personalie  and  present  and  entir  with  him  befoir  the  Lordis  of  Secreitt 
Counsale  at  Edinburgh  upon  the  4.  day  of  Sep.  nixt   ane  of  the  plegeis 

1  Enumerated  chapter  iv.,  page  161. 

^  If  Glenstray  had  solemly  taken  upon  himself  the  guilt  of  the  murder  of  Drummond  of 
Drummondernoch  it  seems  improbable  that  the  King  would  entrust  him  with  a  commission  and 
accept  his  offers  of  caution. — Ed. 

256  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1599 

specifeit  and  contenit  in  his  awne  offeris  to  remaine  and  be  placeit  quhair 
his  Hienes  sail  appoint  under  the  pane  of  10,000  merkis. — Record  of 
Secret  Council  Acta. 

"  August.  A  number  of  the  Landlords  of  the  ClanGregor  previously  mentioned 
and  in  addition  George  Graham  of  Boquhapple.)  had  letters  charging  them 
to  appear  before  the  Council  to  find  bail  for  making  all  persons  of  the  name 
of  MacGregor  dwelling  upon  their  lands  answerable  to  justice  under  the 
pain  of  Rebellion. — Lord  High  Treasyrers  Books. 

"Sep.  6.     The  entrie  of  Makgregour  prorogat  untill  the  15  Nov.  nixt.  "^ 

Although  at  this  time  the  King  and  Council  do  not  seem  to  have 
wished  to  press  hardly  on  the  Clan,  and  evidently  had  a  respect,  and 
perhaps  regard,  for  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  yet  the  severe  laws  which  had 
been  devised  against  Highlanders  who  were  unquiet  (for  in  this  respect  the 
General  Band  threatened  them  all)  fell  with  great  weight  on  the  Mac- 
Gregors.  The  laws  requiring  superiors  and  landlords  to  be  personally 
answerable  for  those  living  on  their  lands  forced  even  friendly  neighbours, 
such  as  we  must  esteem  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardine  and  James 
Drummond  the  Commendator  of  Inchaffray,  to  prosecute  the  prescribed 
race,  and  drive  them  from  one  refuge  to  another  till  they  had  not  a  single 
resource  left,  and  under  such  circumstances  it  was  not  surprising  that  their 
hand  should  be  against  every  man,  and  that  even  the  best  efforts  of  their 
Chief  should  fail. 

In  the  introduction  to  the  sixth  volume  of  the  Register  of  the  Privy 
Council  of  Scotland  which  has  been  published,  the  following  remarks 
occur : — 

"  Other  entries  bring  out  the  ominous  fact  that  of  all  the  Highland  clans 
the  Macgregors  were  now  the  objects  of  most  unremitting  attention  on  the 
part  of  the  Government.  While  other  more  distant  Clans  were  lawless 
enough,  the  lawlessness  of  the  MacGregors  of  the  LochLomond  country, 
whether  from  their  comparative  nearness  or  for  other  reasons  exposing  them 
to  special  dislike,  was  the  most  heard  of,  in  the  privy  Records,  and  while 
we  have  but  glimpses  of  Makenzie  of  Kintail,  or  Macleod  of  Dunvegan,  or 
some  other  of  the  greater  chiefs  as  moving  about  in  their  distant  parts  of  the 
map,  hardly  to  be  reached  by  Government  commands ;  or  missives,  the 
poor  Chief  of  the  transgressors  is  kept  constantly  in  our  sight  walking 
^    Vide  next  page. 

599]  Bond  for  entry  of  John  dhu  Macewne   257 

hither  and  thither  over  his  more  accessible  tract  of  territory,  pursued  by 
summons  to  appear,  or  to  give  securities  for  his  men. 
"  1599.  Sept.  6.  at  Edinburgh.  The  entry  of  Macgregour  prorogat.  The  which 
day  the  Lords  of  Secret  Council  with  consent  of  James  Commendator  of 
Inchaffray  and  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardin  Knight  Prorogate  the  Entry 
of  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  before  his  Majesty  and  his  Council, 
conform  to  the  Act  whereby  they  became  Cautioners  to  that  effect,  until  the 
15th  day  of  Nov.  next  to  come.  Like  as  they  are  content  and  consent  to 
stand  obliged  for  the  Entry  of  the  said  Allaster  before  his  Majesty  and  his 
Council  upon  the  said  15th  day  of  Nov.  next  to  come  under  the  pain  of 
10,000  merks  specified  in  the  said  Act. 

"  Protectioun  in  favour  of  the  Commendator  of  Inchaffray,  The  which  day 
Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardine  entered  and  presented  before  the  Lords  of 
Secret  Council  John  dhu  Macewne  as  pledge  for  Allaster  MacGregor  of 
Glenstray  specified  and  contained  in  the  said  Allaster's  own  offers  conform  to 
the  Act  whereby  the  said  Sir  John  and  James  Commendator  of  Inchaffray 
became  acted  for  the  entry  of  the  said  pledge.  Whereupon  the  said  James 
Commendator  of  Inchaffray  asked  instruments  and  protested  that  he  might 
be  relieved  of  all  further  entry  of  the  said  pledge  Which  protestation  the  Lords 

TuUibardin's  Band  for  entry  of  John  dhu. 

"  The  which  day  John  dhu  Macewne  ^  as  pledge  for  Allaster  MacGregor 
of  Glenstray  being  entered  and  presented  before  the  Lords  of  Secret  Council 
by  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardin  Knight,  conform  to  the  Act  whereby  he 
and  James  Commendator  of  Inchaffray  became  acted  to  that  effect,  the 
said  Lords  have  delivered  the  said  John  dhu  macewne  back  again  to  the 
said  Sir  John  to  be  of  new  entered  again  before  the  said  Lords  upon  the 
day  appointed  for  the  entry  of  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray.  Therefor 
the  said  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardin  Knight  in  presence  of  the  said 
Lords  of  Secret  Council  acted  and  obliged  himself  to  re-enter  and  present 
the  said  John  dhu  macewne  before  his  Majesty  and  his  Council  upon  the 
15th  day  of  Nov.  next  to  come,  under  the  pain  of  5000  merks. — Reg  :  Sec  : 
Con:  Acta.     Vol.  1598  to  1601. 

"  Oct.  Item  payit  to  Robert  Elder  messenger  passand  of  Edinburgh  to  charge 
the  various  landlords  to  certain  of  the  Macfarlanes  and  M'-~Gregouris,  to 
enter  and  present  everie  ane  of  thame  respective  the  particular  persons,  thair 
men  and  tennenis,  as  is  mentioned. 

*'  Dec.  6.     Alexander  Menzies  of  Weyme  denounced  rebel  and  put  to  the  horn 

1  Son  of  the  late  Tutour  of  Glenstray  and  cousin  germane  to  Allaster. 
2  K 

258  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1600 

at  the  instance  of  Mr  John  Moncreiffe,  advocate  (in  absence)  for  not 
producing  before  the  Council  'his  men  servants  and  proper  dependers, 
Donald  M'^Gregour  alias  Donald  Doric  in  and  Donald  Menzies.' 

"Dec.  17.  Decree  that  'from  the  i.  of  Jan.  next  the  beginning  of  the  year 
shall  be  reckoned  instead  of  from  the  25th  of  March.'  The  King  and 
Council  '  being  willing  that  thair  salbe  na  disuniformiti  betuix  his  Majestic 
his  realme  and  leigis  and  otheris  nichtbour  cuntreyis  in  this  particular.' 

"Dec.  19.  Comperit  Mr  Donald  Campbell  (in  the  Court  of  Justiciary  and 
produceit  oure  soverane  Lordis  Lettres  dewlie  execute  and  indorsate 
purcheist  be 

"Allaster  M'^Gregour  as  Chief  and  near  Kynnesman  to  umquhile 
Patrik  M'^Gregour  in  Cadderlie.  John  Hay  of  Urchaye  as  broy'  with 
the  kin  and  friends  of  umqle  Willm  :  Hay  and  siclike  John  M'^Coneill 
V^intailzeour  sone  to  umqle  Donald  M'^intailzeour  in  Barglas  and  Donald 
M'^Gilleis  as  father  to  vmqle  Dowgall  M'^Gilleis  to  tak  souertie  of  William 
M^^Intoshe  of  Esseich,  Duncan  M'^Intoshe  son  to  Lachlan  M'^Intoshe  of 
Dunnachtan  and  others  who  had  been  'denunceit  rebels'  and  put  to 
the  horn,  for  not  compeiring  to  underlie  the  law  for  the  slauchter  of  the 
saidis  umquhile  persons. 

"  1600.  Jan.  29.  at  Holyroodhouse.  Forasmekill  as  James  Commendator  of 
Incheafray  and  Sir  Johne  Murray  of  TuUibardin  Knicht,  (recapitulation  of 
their  obligations  in  regard  to  Glenstray  and  John  dow  M'^Ewine,)  '  Quhilkis 
actis  being  called  upon  the  said  day  of  Nov.'^  last  and  continuit  fra  tyme 
to  tyme  thairefter  unto  this  29,  day  of  Januare  instant  upoun  the  saisis 
cautiouneris  awin  sute  and  promeis,  maid  and  renewit  be  thame  fra  tyme 

to  thime  for  the  entrie  of  the  said  AUester  and  his  said  pledge, and 

the  saidis  cautioneris  being  of  new  callit  upon  .  .  .  and  not  compeirand 
nor  yet  the  said  AUester  and  his  pledge  foirsaid  being  entrit  and  presentit 
be  thame  nor  nane  in  thair  names  &a  &a.'  Follows  Decreet  of  Council 
against  Incheaffray  and  TuUibardin  conjunctly  and  severally  for  10,000 
merks  for  not  presenting  Glenstray  and  against  TuUibardin  singly  for  5000 
merks  for  not  presenting  John  dow  M'^Ewine. — Rec  :  Sec  :  Con  :  Acta : 

"  Proclamation  against  the  Resetters  of  the  M'^Gregoris  Goods. 

"  1600.  Jan.  31.  At  Holyrood.  Forsamekle  as  the  wicked  and  unhappie  race 
of  the  ClanGregour  continewing  sa  lang  in  blude,  thift,  reif,  sorning,  and 
oppressioun  sa  frequentlie  committit  upoun  the  peaceable  and  gude  subjectis 
of  the  incuntrey,  to  the  utter  wrak,  miserie,  and  undoing  of  grite  nowmers 

1  Mention  is  made  in  this  Act  that  on  the  first  occasions  (2nd  August  and  6th  September)  "the 
said  Allaster  was  visited  with  infirmity  and  sickness  so  that  he  was  not  able  to  travel." 

6oo]         Proclamation  against  Resetters         259 

of  honnest  and  substantious  houshalderis,  and  laying  waist  of  divers  weill 
planished  roumes,  to  the  oflfence  and  displesur  of  God,  and  contempt  of  his 
Hienes  and  his  lawis;  and  his  Majestie  finding  thanie  alwayis  bent  to  follow 
the  unhappie  course  of  thair  awne  pervers  nature  and  inclinatioun  eftir  that 
his  Hienes  haad  delt  and  travellit  be  fair  and  gentill  meanis  to  have  broucht 
thame  under  sum  obedience ;  and  Allester  M^^Gregour  of  Glenstray  thair 
cheif  and  ringleidar  haveing  maist  undewtifullie  and  unhonnestlie  violat  his 
promeis  maid  to  the  gentilmen  quha  interponit  thair  bandis  for  him  to  his 
Majestie,  and  thairby  professing  and  avowing  himsell  and  his  unhappie  race 
to  be  outlawis  and  figitives,  and  enemies  to  all  dewtiful  and  gude  subjectis  : 
his  Majestie  thairfoir  is  resolved  to  persew  and  prosequate  thame  with  all 
rigour  and  extremitie,  according  to  thair  deservingis.  Bot  becaus  the  bipast 
conforte  and  countenance  quhilk  thay  have  fund  amangis  thair  landislordis 
and  uthar  cuntrey  people  at  sik  tymes  as  be  his  Hienes  aucttoritie  thay  have 
been  heirtofoir  persewit,  in  resetting,  huirding,  and  keiping  of  thair  guidis 
and  making  of  bloikis  and  barganis  with  thame  hes  encourageit  thame  at 
everie  occasioun  to  brek  lowse,  and  to  some,  herrey,  and  wrak  his  Hienes 
subjectis  quhair  as  gif  sic  unlawfull  resett  and  huirding  if  thair  guidis  were 
denyet  and  refused  unto  thame,  sum  redress  micht  be  gottin  of  the  stouthis, 
and  reiffis  committit  be  thame.  His  Hienes  thairfoir  with  advice  of  his 
Counsall,  hes  avowed  to  punishe  with  all  rigour  and  extremetie  all  sic 
personis  as  heireftir  sail  gif  ony  sic  unlawful  resett,  to  the  saidis  lymmaris, 
thair  guidis,  or  geir;  and  to  the  effect  nane  pretend  ignorance  heirof, 
ordainis  letters  to  be  direct  to  command,  charge  and  inhibite  all  and  sindrie 
maisteris  and  landislordis  of  the  M'^Gregouris  and  all  utheris  his  Hienes 
subjectis  quhatsumevir  be  oppin  proclamatioun  in  all  places  neidfull,  that 
nane  of  thame  presume  nor  take  upon  hand  at  ony  tyme  heireftir  to  resett, 
huird  or  keip  ony  of  the  guidis,  or  gier  pertening  to  quhatsumevir  personis 
of  the  name  of  M^Gregour,  thair  followaris,  and  pairttakeris,  nor  to  mak 
bloikis  nor  bargainis  with  thame,  thairanent,  privatelie  nor  publicklie  in 
mercat  or  utherwayis,  certifeing  thame  that  failyeis,  or  dois  in  the  contrar, 
that  thay  salbe  repute,  haldin,  and  estemit,  as  arte  and  pairttakeris,  and 
allowaris  of  thame  in  all  thair  wicked  deeddis,  and  salbe  persewit  and  punist 
thairfoir  with  all  rigour  and  extremitie,  to  the  terrour  of  utheris. 

"  Discharge  to  TuUibardin  of  MacGregor. 

"1600.  Feb.  17.  The  quhilk  day  Sir  Johnne  Murray  of  TuUibardin  Kt. 
haveing  enterit  and  presentit  befoir  the  Kingis  Majestie,  Allaster  M'^Gregour 
of  Glenstrae  conforme  to  ane  act  quhairby  he  and  James  Commendator  of 
Incheafray  became  cautioneris  to  that  effect,  his  Majesty  hes  grantit  the 

26o  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1600 

resett  of  the  said  AUaster  and  exoneris  and  relevis  the  said  Sir  Johne  of  all 
forder  keiping  of  him. 

"  Same  day.  Petition  by  TulUbardine  and  Inchaffray  to  be  relieved  of  the 
penalties  imposed  upon  them  the  previous  month  '  Alwayis  thay  have  now 
enterit  and  presentit  to  his  Majestie  the  said  iVUaster  quha  is  presentlie  in 
his  Hienes  warde  to  be  tane  ordour  with  be  his  Majestie  as  his  Hienes  sail 
think  maist  meit  and  expedient  for  the  wele  and  quietnes  of  the  cuntrey ; 
And  seeing  the  default  of  the  not  entrie  of  the  said  Allaster  with  his  said 
Pledge  at  the  peremptour  day  appointit  to  that  effect  wes  not  in  the  saidis 
Complenaris,  bot  proceidit  upoun  sum  occasiounis  quhilkis  intervenit  and 
fell  oute  befoir  the  day  of  his  entrie  quhilkis  discourageit  and  terrifiet 
him  to  keep  the  first  dyet  And  that  now  they  have  usit  thair  diligence  and 
be  thair  moyane  and  travellis  hes  brocht  in  the  said  Allaster  and  deliverit 
him  to  his  Majestie  with  quhome  the  like  ordour  may  now  be  takne  as 
micht  have  been  at  the  first  dyett ;  and  that  nathing  hes  intervenit  nor  fallin 
oute  in  this  tyme  of  delay  to  the  hurt  or  prejudice  of  his  Majestie's  gude 
subjectis  Humbly  desire  &a  &a."  Decreet  rescinded  (of  Jan.  29)  by  the 

"  March  4.  John  gait  Makgregor  in  Cannoquhan  is  denounced  rebel  and  put 
to  the  home  for  not  appearing  before  the  Council  to  have  been  delivered  to 
the  justice  or  his  Deputes,  to  stand  his  trial  for  the  alledged  carrying  off  of 
nine  oxen  and  five  kye  from  the  Lands  of  Maidlinis,  belonging  to  William 
Pitalloch  in  IVIaidlinis  and  Walter  Kynnaird  there,  committed  on  the 
24.  Feb.  1594-5- 

"  March  6.  Certain  Landlords  of  the  ClanGregor  (/>,  those  on  whose  lands 
the  MacGregors  were  living)  compeared  with  Allaster  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstray 
and  '  thay  being  burdynit  with  suirties  and  plegeis  for  balding  and  retening 
the  said  Clan  under  obedience  and  for  redress  of  pairties  skaithit,  it  wes 
complenit  be  the  saidis  Landislordis  that  ane  of  the  speciall  causes  quhilk 
procurit  the  misreule  and  disobedience  of  that  Clan  wes  the  resett  and 
conforte  quhilk  thay  fand  of  thair  said  Chief  and  amangis  the  Landislordis 
thameselflis,  seeing  every  ane  of  thame  for  the  maist  pairt  resett  the  men  and 
tennentis  of  utheris  quhan  thai  wer  persewit  be  thair  maisteris  or  quhan  thai 
had  committit  ony  wicked  or  ill  deidis.  Be  the  unlauchfuU  resett  and 
mantenance  sa  frequentlie  gevin  unto  thame,  not  onlie  ar  they  encourageit 
to  continow  in  all  kynd  of  misreule  and  to  misknaw  thair  landlordis,  bot  the 
saidis  landislordis  ar  maid  unable  to  answer  for  thame.'  It  was  ordained 
that  whoever  of  the  Landlords  resett  or  protected  the  tennants  of  others 
should  be  equally  answerable  for  these  persons  as  if  they  belonged  to  their 
own  ground. 

"  On  the  same  day.   the  same  persons  having  compeared  '  and  a  catalogue 

i6oo]    Twelve  Pledges  for  the  Clan  Gregor     261 

having  been  maid  of  certane  speciall  househaldaris  duelland  under  the 
Landislordis  and  of  sum  utheris  quhome  the  said  Allaster  had  taken  upoun 
himselfF;  yit  his  Majestie  understanding  that  thair  wilbe  a  nowmer  of  that 
Clan  quha  hes  na  certane  residence  nor  duelHng  and  can  not  be  laid  upoun 
landislordis  being  left  lowse  and  na  certane  ansuer  maid  for  thame  may 

commit  grite  trouble  and  unquitie,' it  is  found  and  declared 

that  '  the  said  Allaster  oucht  and  sould  be  ansuerble  for  the  haill  personis  of 
the  name  of  M'^Gregour  quhome  he  hes  not  layed  upoun  Landislordis,  and 
the  pledgis  to  be  enterit  for  him  aucht  and  sould  ly  alsweill  for  the  gude 
reule  and  obedience  of  thame  as  of  the  speciall  personis  quhome  the  said 
Allaster  hes  tane  upoun  him.' 

*'  The  same  day  and  compearance  of  same  persons.  First  those  landlords  who 
had  not  yet  found  caution  for  their  MacGregor  tenants  were  enjoined  to  do 
so  forthwith.  '  And  because  the  said  Allaster  cannot  get  cautioun  conforme 
to  the  General  Band  That  Thairfoir  Plegeis  be  tane  for  the  gude  reule  and 
obedience  of  sic  as  he  ansueris  for  And  for  this  effect,  that  thair  be  tuelff 
personis  gevin  to  him  in  tickett  of  quhome  he  sail  mak  chois  of  thrie  to  be 
pledgeis  for  the  first  quarter,  and  thai  to  be  quarterlie  relevit  with  uthir  thrie 
of  the  tuelff  Pledgeis.  and  that  the  saidis  thrie  Pledgeis  be  committit  to  the 
custodie  and  keipeing  of  the  Lord  Drummond,  the  Laird  of  TuUibardin  and 
the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay  viz  to  everie  ane  of  thame  ane  quha  sal  be  haldin 
be  this  present  act  to  assuir  thair  keiping  and  not  eschaiping  under  the  pane 
to  be  accountabill  and  ansuerabill  to  his  Majesteis  Subjectis  for  the  haill 
skaithis  quhilkis  thay  may  sustene  of  ony  of  the  persons  for  quhome  the 
saidis  plegeis  lyis  ;  and  in  the  mean  tyme  quhill  the  entrie  of  the  saidis 
plegeis  that  the  said  Allaster  be  still  detenit  in  warde  within  the  castell  of 
Edinburgh,  or  utherwise  fred  and  relevit  upoun  sic  conditiounes  as  his 
Majestie  and  Counsall  sail  think  meit  and  expedient.' — Record  of  Secret 

"  1600.  March  31.  Precept  of  Remission  in  favour  of  Malcolm  and  Duncan 
MacGregors  brothers,  servants  of  Patrick  Lord  Drummond  for  the  slaughter 
of  umquhile  Duncan  M'^Cleriche. 

"April  16.  The  quhilk  day  in  presence  of  the  Kingis  Majestie  and  Lordis  of 
Secret  Counsall  compeirit  personallie  Patrik  Murray  sone  to  Sir  Johne 
Murray  of  TuUibardine  Knicht,  as  procurator  for  his  father  and  enterit  and 
presentit  Johne  M'^eanduy  in  Rannoche  and  Ewne  M*^ Allaster  Pudrach  tua 
of  the  plegeis  specifiet  and  contenit  in  the  tickett  delivered  to  Allaster 
M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra  conforme  to  the  act  quhairby  the  said  Sir  Johne 
became  cautioner  and  souertie  to  that  effect  upoun  the  1 1  th  day  of  March 
last  Lyke  as  the  said  Patrick  in  name  of  his  said  fader  Declairit  that  his 
said  fader  had  delyverit  Johne  M'^Fatrick  Veane,  the  thrid  of  the  saidis 

262  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1600 

plegeis  to  Sir  Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Kt.  quha  presentlie  lies 
him  in  his  custodie  and  keiping.  In  respect  of  the  quhilk  exehibitioun  of 
the  saidis  twa  plegeis  and  delyverie  of  the  uther  plege  to  the  said  Sir 
Duncane  his  Majestic  and  Counsall  Declaris  the  act  foirsaid  .  .  .  quhairby 
the  said  Sir  Johne  Murray  became  cautioner  for  the  entrie  of  the  saidis 
thrie  plegeis  to  be  satisfeit  and  obeyit  and  exoneris  and  discharges  him 
thairof  be  thir  presentis. — R.  S.  C.  Ewne  M'^Allaster  is  delivered  to  John 
Earl  of  Montrose  Chancellor  to  be  kept  by  him  and  John  M'^eanduy  is 
delivered  to  the  said  Patrick  Murray  to  be  convoyed  to  Patrick  Lord 
Drummond  to  whose  custody  he  is  appointed. 

"  1600.  April  30.  His  Majesty  had  been  informed  that  Patrick  Murray  not- 
withstanding his  faithful  promises  had  not  delivered  John  M'^Eanduy  to 
Lord  Drummond,  'so  that  not  onlie  has  the  said  Patrik  violated  promise, 
but  occasion  is  given  to  the  ClanGregor  to  continue  thair  accustamat  trade 
of  evill  doing  ;  Sir  John  Murray  is  charged  to  deliver  the  said  pledge  to  Lord 
Drummond  within  three  days  under  pain  of  rebellion.' 

"August  12.  At  Holyroodhouse.  At  the  late  ordours  takin  with  the  Landis- 
lordis  and  Chiftane  of  the  MacGregouris  for  retening  of  that  haill  Clan 
undir  obedience,  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra  Chief  and  Chieftain  of 
the  said  Clan  tuke  upon  him  certane  personis  for  quhome  he  wuld  be 
ansuerable ;  and  for  the  gude  rule  and  quietnes  to  be  keipit  be  thame  the 
personis  following  viz 

Johne  dow  M'^Ewne, 

Duncane  M'^Ewne, 

John  M'^fatrik  V^Eane, 

Gregour  M'^Gregour  V^Ean, 

Patrik  gar  M'^ilchallum  glas  in  Rannoch, 

John  M'^Eanduy  in  Rannoch,  the  eldest  brother, 

Ewne  M'^ Allaster  pudrach,  and 

John  M'^Patrik  oig, 

wer  delyverit  to  him  in  tickett,  of  the  quhilkis  he  wes  ordanit  to  entir  thrie 
as  plegeis,  and  thrie  to  be  quarterlie  relevit  with  utheris  thrie  of  the  remanent 
personis  sua  that  alwyse  his  Majestic  micht  be  suir  of  thrie  of  tharae;  con- 
forme  to  the  quhilk  in  the  moneth  of  Aprile  last  the  said  Ewne  M'^ Allaster 
pudrach  wes  entrit  and  deliverit  to  Johne  Erll  of  Montrose  Chancellair,  the 
said  John  M'^eanduy  in  Rannoch  wes  delivered  to  Patrik  Lord  Drummond 
and  the  said  John  M'^fatrick  V^Eane  wes  delyverit  to  Sir  Duncane  Campbell 

of  Glenurquhay, Quhilkis   personis   haveing   now  lyne   ane   haill 

quarter  of  ane  yeir  Necessair  it  is  that  thai  be  relevit  be  the  entrie  of  the 
uthir  thrie  of  the  remanent  personis  foirsaidis,  and  tharfoir  ordainis  Lettreis 

Pledges  given  by  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  263 

to  be  direct  charging  AUaster  of  Glenstra,  to  enter  present  and  delyver  uthir 
thrie  plegeis  of  the  personis  speciallie  abone  written  '  to  the  same  custodians 
as  before,  who  are  charged '  to  ressave  the  saidis  plegeis  within  thrie  houris 
eftir  thay  be  presentit  unto  thame  and  to  keip  and  detain  thame  &a  and 
efter  the  ressett  of  the  saidis  plegeis  to  putt  the  plegeis  presentlie  lyand  with 
thame  to  libertie  and  suffer  thame  pas  quhair  thay  pleis,  as  they  will  ansuer 
to  his  Majestic  at  thair  higher  charge. 
"  1600.  Dec.  5th,  at  Perth.  Allister  M'^Gregor  schieff  and  chiftane  of  the  said 
clane  tuik  upone  him  certane  personis  of  the  name  of  M*^Gregor  for  whom 
hie  wald  be  answerable  And  for  the  gude  rewU  and  quietnes  to  be  keipit  be 
thame  the  personis  following  viz 

Johne  Dow  M'^Ewin,^ 

Duncane  M'^Ewin, 

Johne  M'^Phatrik  V'Eane, 

Gregor  M'^Gregor  V^Eane, 

Patrick  Gar  M'^Illchael  M'^Glass  in  Rannauche, 

Ewin  M'^Allaster  Pudrache,  the  eldest  brother, 

and  John  M'^Patrick  og, 

are  dehvered  to  him  in  ticket  off  the  quhilkis  he  is  ordainit  to  enter  thrie 
to  be  quarterlie  relewit  withe  vtheris  thrie  of  the  remanent  personis  sua  that 
alwayis  we  might  be  suir  of  thrie  of  thame  conforme  to  the  quhilk  in  the 
moneth  of  Aprile  last  the  said  Ewin  M'^Allaster  Pudrache  was  enterit  and 
delivered  to  Johne  Erll  of  Montrois  chancelair  The  said  Ewin  M'^eanduy 
in  Rannauche  was  enterit  and  delivered  to  Patrik  Lord  Drummond,  and 
the  said  Johne  M'^Phatrik  V^Eane  was  deliverit  to  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhay,  Quhilkis  plegis  haveing  layne  now  one  haill  quarter  of  ane 
zeir  Necessar  it  is  that  thay  be  relievit  be  the  entrie  of  vther  thrie  of  the 
remanent  personis  forsaidis.     Our  will  is  Heirfoir  &a. 

"  Allaster  Gait  McGregor,  fathair  brothair  to  the  Laird,  witness. 
"  Duncan  M*^ Allaster  quhiddrache  V^Gregor  witness  (Pudrach). 

— Register  of  Hornings,  Perth,  in  General  Register  House." 

^  See  on  previous  page,  same  list,  August  12. 


Chapter  XXII 

600.      King  James  VI.      XV.   November  1600 

CT  anent  removing  and  extinguishing  of  deadly  feud  : — 

"  Our  Soveraigne  Lord  and  haill  estates  of  parliament  presently  convened  for 
removing  of  the  present  feuds  that  abounds  within  the  Realme  Finds  it  meet  and 
expedient  that  the  parties  be  charged  to  compeir  before  his  Highness  and  secret 
Council  at  sik  days  as  shal  be  thought  expedient  to  submit  to  tua  or  three  friends 
on  either  side  or  to  subscrive  ane  submissioun  formed  and  sent  by  his  Majesty  to 
them  to  be  subscrived.  Whilkis  friends  by  their  acceptatioun  shall  be  bound  either 
to  decerne  within  the  space  of  thretty  days  after  they  have  accepted,  or  else  to 
agree  at  their  first  meeting,  on  ane  oversman  wha  shall  decerne  within  that  space, 
whilk  if  they  cannot  do,  they  shall  within  the  foresaid  thretty  days  report  the 
ground  and  cause  of  their  disagreement  to  his  Majesty  and  sik  specials  of  his 
council  as  his  Highness  shall  find  least  partial  and  suspect  (Whaes  Majesty  by  the 
advice  of  the  Estates  here  present  is  declared  to  be  overs-man  in  the  matter)  And 
failying  that  the  friends  arbitrators  either  decerne,  or  report  not,  within  the  foresaid 
space  after  their  acceptation  everie  one  of  them  by  this  authority  of  this  present  act 
to  incur  the  pain  of  one  thousand  pounds  to  be  employed  to  his  Majesty's  use. 
And  because  all  feuds  are  ane  of  thir  three  natures,  namely  that  there  is  either 
slaughter  upon  neither  side  or  slaughter  upon  ane  side  only  or  else  slaughter  upon 
both  sides  the  parties  in  the  first  may  be  commanded  to  agree,  due  satisfaction 
being  offered  and  performed  at  the  sight  of  friends  and  overs-man  in  manner 
foresaid  Where  there  is  slaughter  upon  both  sides  his  Majesty  may  by  rigour  and 
equality  of  justice,  compell  them  to  agree,  due  satisfaction  being  made  on  either 
side  according  to  the  quality  of  the  offence  and  persons  offended;  where  the 
slaughter  is  only  on  one  side  the  party  grieved  cannot  refuse  in  reason  to  submit  in 
manner  foresaid  all  quarrell  he  can  beare  to  any  person  innocent,  Justice  being 
made  patent  to  him  against  the  guilty  specially  he  being  ordained  by  this  present 
Act  to  persew  nane  uther  but  the  guilty  and  that  by  the  Law.  And  the  party  so 
peresewed  not  to  beare  quarrel  for  it,  but  to  defend  in  lawful  manner.  And  that 
all  quarrels  shall  cease  against  ilk  as  shall  be  lawfully  persewed  in  this  forme  either 

i6oo]     Act  to  extinguish   Deadly  Feuds       265 

by  their  conviction  or  execution  by  law  or  otherwise  by  their  clenging  and  agree- 
ment that  all  persons  of  perfitt  age,  and  within  the  countrie  and  having  entries  to 
persew  any  parties  for  crimes  capitall  shall  within  forty  dayes  after  the  publishing 
of  this  present  Act  at  the  head  burgh  of  the  shire  where  the  persewer  dwells  raise 
and  cause  execute  their  letter  in  the  said  matter  and  insist  in  the  persuit  thereof 
with  certification  to  sik  as  failzies  that  their  action  shall  perish,  expire,  and  be 
extinct  The  daid  persewer  shall  be  compelled  to  submit  his  action  in  manner 
above  specified  reserving  alwaies  to  his  Majesty  his  action  as  accords  with  the  law. 
Provyding  that  if  the  said  persewer  satisfie  the  ordinance  of  this  present  act  and  be 
delayed  either  by  ane  continuation  of  the  diet  by  warrand  of  the  Prince  or  by  the 
dilatour  defences  proponed  by  the  pannell  for  eliding  of  the  final  tryell  of  the 
persuit  In  that  case  the  prescription  nawise  to  run  against  the  persewer,  having 
done  his  possible  diligence  in  maner  foresaid  And  because  the  guiltines  of  crymes 
consists  not  only  in  the  persons  of  the  actual  committers  thereof,  but  also  in 
the  authors,  causers  and  mivers  of  the  samin  to  be  committed  wha  are  art 
part  and  gilty  of  the  said  fact  where  na  publict  knawledge  nor  certane  tryell 
is  had,  His  Majesty  and  Estaitis  nowyse  willing  that  neither  the  authors  nor 
actours  of  sik  heinous  crymes  escape  the  dew  punishment  through  obscurity  and 
laik  of  publik  knawledge  thereof  Declares  that  the  parties  offended  doing  thier 
diligence  as  said  is  against  the  actual  and  knawn  committers  of  the  said  crymes 
and  satisfying  this  Act  anent  their  reconciliation  with  all  other  persons  shall  in 
nowyse  be  prejudged  of  their  action  competent  against  sik  persons  of  whaes  gilti- 
ness  they  shall  hereafter  get  knawledge  provyding  that  they  shall  bear  no  fead 
against  the  said  suspect  persons  whill  first  after  sufficient  information  obtained  they 
raise  their  letters  for  summonding  of  the  saids  parties  to  underlye  the  law  and 
either  make  them  fugitive  or  otherwyse  obteine  ther  persute  decided.  And  further 
the  prescription  of  this  present  act  shall  in  nowyse  miUtate  aginst  any  party  whaes 
actions  are  already  submitted  to  ane  langer  day,  nor  is  prescribed  in  this  act  Pro- 
vyding that  the  party  doe  his  diligence  in  maner  above  written  within  fourty  days 
after  the  expiring  of  the  said  submission  And  to  the  intent  that  justice  be  na  occasion 
to  breed  farther  trouble  every  party  shall  come  to  the  town  accompanied  allanerlie 
with  twentyfour  persons  where  bath  they  and  thir  company  shall  keepe  their  ludging 
to  the  hour  of  cause.  At  the  quhilk  first  the  ane  and  then  the  other  shall  be 
brought  out  by  the  town  (guard  ?)  in  Armes  accompanied  from  their  ludging  to  the 
bar  with  the  number  presrived  to  their  rank  by  act  of  parliament.  The  contra- 
vener  whereof  if  he  be  persewer  shall  tyne  his  persute  in  tyme  comming  and  if  he 
be  defender  he  shall  be  denounced  rebell  as  presumed  guilty,  and  refusing  lawful 
triall.  And  for  staying  all  deadly  feads  in  tyme  cumming  it  shall  not  be  lawful  to  the 
persewer  to  invade,  persew,  bear  fead,  or  quarrel  against  any  friend  of  the  offender 
innocent  or  not  accused  and  convict  of  the  cryme  under  the  pain  of  tynsell  of  his 
action  and  persute  against  the  guilty  and  to  be  compelled  to  submit  with  the 

2  L 

266  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor    [1600-1601 

offenders  self  Reserving  alwyse  to  his  Majesty  his  action  against  him  for  the  cryme 
Lyke  as  the  friends  of  the  gilty  person  being  convict  of  the  cryme  and  fugitive  from 
the  law,  shall  not  bear  quarel  for  his  persute  be  law  neither  maintein,  supplie  nor  reset 
him  under  the  paines  conteined  in  the  act  against  resetters  of  fugitives  and  rebels. 
And  in  case  any  of  the  friends  of  the  guilty  persons  reset  him  in  contempt  of  the 
present  act  and  others  his  Highness  Lawes,  the  partie  grieved,  assisted  with  his 
Highnes  Advocat,  shall  onely  persew  the  resetters  by  ordour  of  law  without  con- 
vocation or  fead,  grudge,  or  quarrell  to  be  borne  against  him  therefore  otherwise 
under  the  paine  of  tynsel  of  his  said  lawful  action  in  all  tyme  comming.  And  to 
this  ordour  before  specified  the  haill  nobilitie  and  estaites  here  present  have  given 
their  consent  and  approbatioun  and  sworne  to  conforme  them  thereto  in  all  feads 
whilkis  shall  fall  out  in  tyme  comming.  And  this  present  Act  nowyse  to  militat  in 
sik  cases  where  the  party  offender  is  denunced  rebell  or  shall  happen  hereafter  to 
be  fugitive  and  put  to  the  home,  for  slaughter  or  other  odious  capital  crymes,  during 
the  tyme  of  their  rebellion.  And  to  the  intent  these  present  articles  may  have  the 
better  effect  and  be  the  mair  willingly  embraced  by  his  Majesty's  haill  subjects,  his 
Highnes  of  his  proper  motive  and  gracious  inclination  to  justice,  quyetness  and 
well  of  his  people,  solemnly  declared  and  faithfully  promissed  in  presence  of  the 
saidis  estaits  that  for  slaughter  and  other  odious  crymes  to  be  hereafter  committed 
his  Heighness  shall  grant  no  respit,  remissioun,  pardon,  nor  oversight  at  any  tymes 
efter,  albeit  the  parties  transact  and  agree  themselves,  till  these  inveterate  and 
damnable  customes  of  the  saids  heynous  crymes  be  rooted  out  and  altogether  sup- 
pressed ;  whilkes  articles  above  written  in  the  haill  heads  and  poijnts  of  the  samyne 
our  Soveragne  Lord  and  Estaites  foresaid  presently  convened,  ratifies,  approves 
and  confirms  and  ordains  the  samine  to  have  the  strength,  force  and  effect  of  ane 
law  in  all  tyme  comming  &a. 

1601  March  3.  at  Holyroodhouse,  Commission  of  Lieutennandrie  against  the 

"Forasmekle  as  the  Kingis  Majestie  and  Counsall  haveing  tane  grit 
panis  and  travellis  thir  divers  yeiris  bigane  for  reduceing  of  the  wicked  and 
unhappie  race  of  the  ClanGregour  quha  sa  lang  hes  continuet  in  bluid,  thift, 
reif  and  oppositioun  to  the  obedience  of  his  Majestie  and  his  lawis  and  to  a 
peceable  and  civile  forme  of  leving  :  In  end  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstray 
Chief  and  Ringleidar  of  that  Clan  was  moved  to  cum  in  and  to  mak  an 
offer  of  the  entrie  of  thrie  plegeis  quarterlie  for  the  guid  reule  and  obedience 
of  himselfT,  and  all  sic  as  be  the  law  and  his  awin  bandis  he  is  ansuerable 
for,  and  tua  onlie  of  the  saidis  Plegeis  being  enterit  for  the  first  quarter.  And 
his  Majestie  expectand  a  constant  continuance  of  the  said  Allaster  in  his 
promeist  obedience,  Notwithstanding  it  is  of  a  treuth  that  he  following  the 
perverse  counsall  and  inclinatioun  of  his  wickit   and   misreulie  Clan  hes 

i6oi]    Commission  of  Lieutenancy  to  Argyll  267 

failzeit  in  the  entrie  of  the  plegeis  for  the  second  quarter  and  is  thairfoir 
ordourlie  denouncet  and  registrat  at  the  home,  and  hes  remanet  thairat  this 
lang  tyme  bigane,  as  he  dois  yit  unrelaxt,  Intending  thirby  as  appeiris  to 
oversie  and  wink  at  all  the  insolencies  and  attemptatis  of  the  disorderit 
thevis  and  lymmaris  for  quhome  he  aucht  to  ansuer,  And  his  Majestie 
being  careful  to  have  the  saidis  insolent  lymmaris  repressit  and  reduceit  to 
obedience  and  his  Majestie's  gude  subjectis  redressit  of  thair  skaithis,  And 
acknawledging  the  gude  inclinatioun  of  his  rycht  traist  Cusing  and  Coun- 
sallor  Archibald  Erll  of  Ergyll  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome,  to  justice  and  to 
do  his  Hienes  service,  Thairfoir  his  Majestie  hes  maid  and  constitute  and 
be  the  tennour  heirof  makis  and  constitutis  the  said  Erll  his  Majesteis 
Lieutennent  and  Justice  in  that  pairt  to  the  effect  following,  Gevand  Grantand 
and  committand  to  him,  his  Hienes'  full  power  and  commissioun,  expres 
bidding  and  charge,  To  direct  preceptis  and  Lettreis  in  his  awin  name  for 
chargeing  of  the  haill  personis  of  the  name  of  M'^Gregour  severallie  or 
togidder  to  compeir  befoir  him  quhen  and  quhairevir  he  sail  appoint 
alsweill  for  randering  of  thair  obedience  and  making  of  suirte  for  thair 
guid  behaviour  as  for  redress  of  complenaris,  and  undirlying  of  the  lawis 
under  the  pane  of  Horning ;  The  disobeyaris  to  denunce  to  the  horne,  and 
eftir  thair  said  denunciatioun  to  prosequte  thame  as  fugitives  and  outlawis 
with  fyre  and  suord  and  to  burne  thair  housses  and  to  follow  and 
persew  thame  quhairevir  they  sail  fiie  for  eschewing  of  apprehensioun, 
and  to  asseig  all  housses  and  strengthis  quhilkis  thay  sail  tak  for  thair  saif 
gaird ;  Rais  fyre  and  use  all  force  and  Ingyne  quhilk  can  be  had  for 
recoverie  thairof  and  apprehending  of  the  saidis  fugitives  and  lymnaris 
being  thairintill ;  As  alsua  to  chairge  thair  maisteris  and  Landislordis, 
To  entir  and  present  thame  befoir  him  at  sic  tymes  and  places  as  he  sail 
pleis  to  appoint  conforme  to  the  General  Band,  Lieutennent  and  Justice 
Courtis  aganis  the  said  ClanGregour  sa  oft  as  the  said  Liutennent  will 
think  expedient,  to  sett,  begin,  affix  hald  and  continue ;  Suittis  to  mak 
be  callit ;  absentis  to  amerciat ;  Trespassouris  to  punische ;  unlawis, 
amerchiamentis  and  eschaittis  of  the  saidis  Courtis,  to  ask,  lift  and  raiss 
and  for  the  same,  giff  neid  beis,  to  poynd  and  distreinzie ;  all  and  sindrie 
personis  of  the  ClanGregour,  suspect  and  dilaitit  of  thift,  Murthour, 
Slauchter,  Fyre-raising,  Sorning,  oppin  and  maisterful  oppressioun  and 
uther  odious  crymes,  to  serche,  seik,  tak  and  apprehend,  commit  to  waird 
and  put  to  the  knawledge  of  ane  assyse ;  And  as  thay  sal  happin  to  be 
foundin  culpable  or  innocent,  to  cans  Justice  to  be  ministrat  upoun  thame 
conforme  to  the  lawis  of  this  realme;  Assysouris  (Jurors)  neidfull  to  this, 
effect  ilk  persone  under  the  paine  of  fourty  pundis  to  summond,  wairne, 
cheis,  (choose)  and  cans   to  be  sworne,  Deputis  under   him  with  clerkis, 

History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1601 

servandis,  dempstaris  and  uther  officeris  and  numberis  of  Courte  neidfuU  to 
mak  creat  substitute  and  ordane ;  for  quhome  he  salbe  haldin  to  ansuer ; 
The  escheit,  gudis  of  sa  mony  of  the  ClanGregour  as  sail  be  denunceit 
Rebellis  and  put  to  the  home,  or  as  sal  be  convict  and  execute  to  the  deid 
be  vertew  of  this  commissioun,  to  intromett  and  uplift,  and  for  the  same,  gif 
neid  beis  to  poynd,  and  distrenzie,  and  to  the  said  Lieutennentis  avvin  use  for 
his  labouris  to  apply ;  Quhilkis  Escheitis  his  Majestie  and  Counsell  be  the 
tennour  heirof  Gevis,  Grantis  and  Disponis  to  the  said  Lieutennent ;  And 
generallie  all  and  sindrie  uther  thingis  to  do,  exerce  and  use,  quhilkis  for 
executioun  of  this  commissioun  is  requisite  and  necessar,  firme  and  stabill 
balding  and  for  to  hald,  all  and  quhatsumevir  thingis  sal  be  lauchfullie  done 
herein ;  And  becaus  the  resett  and  comfort  quhilk  fugitives  and  lymmeris 
sa  frequentlie  gettis  among  thair  friendis  and  acquentance  is  not  onlie  an 
encouragement  to  thame  to  continew  in  thair  evill  doingis,  bot  alsua  and 
grit  hinder  to  the  ordiner  courss  of  Justice,  Thairfoir  his  Majestie  and 
Lordis  of  his  Secrete  Counsall,  Declaris  Statutis  and  ordanis,  That  quhat- 
sumevir personis  sail  happin  to  resett  supplie  and  interteny  ony  of 
the  said  ClanGregouris,  thair  wyfifis,  Bairnis,  and  geir,  eftir  they  be 
denunceit  Rebellis  and  declarit  fugitives  and  dew  intematioun  maid  thairof 
at  the  mercat  croce  of  the  Schyre ;  That  the  same  personis  sal  be 
halden  culpable  and  giltie  of  the  halii  bigane  offensses  committit  be  the 
personis  quhome  thay  sail  resett,  and  sal  be  haldin  ansuerable  to  the  said 
Lieutennent  for  ony  offence  to  be  committit  be  thame  thaireftir ;  And  forder 
his  Majestie  nawyse  willing  that  the  executioun  of  this  commissioun  sail  be 
onywyse  frustrat  or  disappointit  be  ony  favour  or  pardoun  to  be  grantit  be 
his  Majestie  to  ony  of  the  ClanGregouris  heireftir ;  Therfoir  his  Majestie  in 
presence  of  his  Counsall  promeist  that  his  Hienes  sail  grant  na  favour  nor 
oversicht  to  ony  of  thame  during  the  tyme  of  this  present  Commissioun,  bot 
shall  remitt  thame  and  thair  suittis  to  the  said  Lieutennent,  And  for  the 
executioun  of  this  commissioun  ordainis  lettries  to  be  direct,  chargeing  all 
and  sindrie  his  Majesties  liegeis  and  subjectis  within  the  boundis  of  Athoill, 
Lennox,  Menteith,  Strathearne,  Ergyle  and  Tarbert  that  thai  and  everie  ane 
of  thame  Ryse,  concur,  fortefie,  and  asaist  the  said  Lieutennent  within  the 
boundis  of  the  Schirefdome  quhair  thay  duell  in  the  persute  of  the  said 
ClanGregour,  and  executioun  of  this  commissioun,  at  sic  tymes  as  the  said 
Lieutennent  sail  repaire  within  the  boundis  foirsaidis  and  sail  wairne  and 
chairg  thame  to  this  effect  be  his  awin  Proclamatioun  or  particular  missives 
under  the  pane  of  horning ;  And  that  this  present  Commissioun  ressave 
executioun  for  redres  of  complenaris  fra  the  moneth  of  August  anno  1596, 
and  induir  heireftir  for  the  space  of  ane  zeir  nixt  to  cum  eftir  the  dait  heirof 

i6oi]    Bond  by  the  Clan  Gregor  to  Argyll      269 

and  forder  ay  and  quhill  the  same  be  speciallie  dischargit  be  his  Majestie. — 
Sec:  Con:  Rec :  Acta." 
Perhaps  no  Statute  Book  contains  a  more  singular  regulation,  giving 
the  power  of  life  and  death  into  the  hands  of  Argyll  and  even  guarding 
against  the  possibility  of  Royal  mercy.  Moreover,  it  is  made  retrospective, 
although  fortunately  excluding  the  murder  of  Drummonderinach,  the 
remission  for  v^hich  was  dated  July  1596,  a  month  before  the  limit  of 
former  complaints. 

"  1601  March  3.    Act  against  the  Resetters  of  the   MacGregors  goods  nearly 
similar  to  the  latter  part  of  the  Proclamation  of  Jan.  31.  1600  and  proceeding 
on  the  narrative  of  the  Commission  of  Lieutennency  of  this  date. — Rec.  Sec. 
Coun.  Acta." 
From  the  "  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  Bond  given  by  the  Clan  Gregor  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle  as 
King's  Lieutennent. 
"1601.  April  22.  At  Striuiling.  The  quhilk  Day  Alexander  M'^Gregour  of 
Glenstra  compeirand  personallie  in  presence  of  ane  nobill  and  potent  Lord 
Archibald  Erie  of  Ergyle,  Lord  Campbell  and  Lome,  Justice  Generall  of 
Scotland,  his  Majesties  Lieutennent  in  that  pairt;  Band  and  obleist  and 
tuik  upoun  him,  to  be  ansuerabill  for  the  haill  personis  of  the  surname  of 
M'^Gregour  be  making  of  thame  to  be  furthcummand  to  Justice  for  all 
Thiftis,  Soirningis,  and  oppressiounis,  depradatiounis,  wrangis,  and  attemptis 
to  be  committit  be  thame,  or  ony  of  thame,  heireftir  and  in  tyme  comeing 
except  for  sa  mony  of  the  surname  as  he  sail  qualifie  to  have  maisteris,  and 
Landislordis,  in  presence  of  the  Lordis  of  Counsall,  the  said  Lieutennent, 
or  any  uther  his  Hienes  Lieutennent  for  the  tyme ;  and  that  he  hes  na  resett, 
mantenance  or  defence  of  thay  quhome  he  layis  upoun  the  saidis  Landis- 
lordis and  Maisteris  ;  at  quhilk  tyme  the  said  Alexander  to  be  na  forder 
burdynit  for  thay,  that  he  justlie  puttis  aff  him,  be  qualificatioun  foirsaid, 
conforme  to  the  Actis  of  Counsall  sett  down  thairanent  And  for  the  better 
performance  heirof  the  said  Alexander  sail  enter  in  pledge  to  the  said  noble 

John  dow  M'^Condochy  VAllaster 
Patrik  gar  M'^ilchallum  glas  and 
Finlay  M'=Williame 
sua  sone  as  he  may  possible,  and  himself  with 
Malcolme  M'^Dougall  Keir,  and 
Duncane  M'^Patrik  V^Dowgall  Keir 
To  remane  and  abyde  in  wairde  ay  and  quhill  he  entir   the   saidis   thrie 

270  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1601 

Plegeis,  or  ellis  John  dow  M'^Gregour  his  brother  with  iither  twa  responsabill 
men  of  his  kin  and  surname,  and  the  saidis  thrie  plegeis,  or  ony  of  thame, 
being  deceissit  or  execute,  or  fred,  be  the  said  Alexander,  he  sail  entir  and 
present  utheris  in  thair  placeis  at  the  requisitioun  of  the  saidis  Lordis  of 
Counsall  or  Lieutennent  for  the  tyme ;  Makand  continuallie  without  inter- 
vall  thrie  of  his  surname  to  remain  as  plegeis  and  speciallie  thrie  of  the 
personis  following. 

John  dhu  M*^Ewne  (second  son  of  Ewne  the  'Tutour'), 

Duncan  ^rEwne,  his  brother, 

Johne  dow  M'ilfadrik  VRobert, 

Robert  Abroch  M'^Gregour  (son  of  Duncan  Abroch), 

Patrik  M'^Eanduy  in  Rannoch, 

Archibald  M'^Condochy  VAllaster, 

Gregour  Skorocht,  and 

Duncane  M'^fadrik, 
or  ony  uther  of  his  surname  for  the  quhilkis  he  aucht  to  be  ansuerable,  at 
the  nominatioun  of  the  saidis  Lordis  &a  .  .  .  .  under  the  tinsall  of  his 
landis,  and  heretage  to  be  renunceit  to  the  said  noble  Lord  ipso  facto  for 
ever,  or  ellis  put  and  qualefie  the  same  to  be  mentennentis  to  utheris  mais- 
teris  and  Landislordis  without  his  mantenance  and  defence.  Concerning 
redres  of  biganes  &a  (same  as  in  preceding  act)  The  said  Alexander 
IVrGregour  is  ordainit  and  fuUie  heirto  consentis  That  he  or  ellis  the  said 
John  dow  his  brother  sail  remane  in  wairde,  quhill  redres  and  satisfactioun 
be  maid  be  him  and  they  of  his  awin  surname  and  utheris  for  quhome  he  is 
obleist  be  law  to  be  ansuerable  to  mak  payment  as  the  law,  constitutioun, 
and  pratiques  of  the  cuntrey  requyris  ;  The  clames  and  dittayis  to  be  gevin 
in  befoir  the  thrid  day  of  May  nixt  to  come,  and  the  tuelft  day  of  the  said 
moneth  assignit  to  the  pairties  defendaries,  to  compeir  and  ansuer  as  the 
said  Alex  :  sail  be  wairnit  to  that  effect ;  withoute  prejudice  of  the  contract 
maid  betwixt  the  Erie  of  Montrois,  Patrik  Lord  Drummond,  Sir  Duncane 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Knicht  on  the  ane  pairt,  and  the  said  Alexander, 
as  it  beiris  (i  &  2.  Feb.  15 90-1)  As  alsua  the  personis  following,  Principallis, 
and  maist  speciallis,  of  the  race  and  name  of  MacGregour,  ar  ordainit  of 
thair  awne  voluntar,  quha  be  thir  presentis  ar  become  bundin,  and  obleist 
to  be  ansuerable  for  thair  raices  and  housses  respective  for  observing  guid 
reuU  in  tyme  comeing  towardis  his  Hienes  liegis,  and  for  the  redres  of  faultis 
the  space  of  yeiris  bigane  contenit  in  the  said  noble  Lordis  commissioun  as 
alsua  for  all  uther  thair  men  Tennentis  and  servantis  as  law  will,  viz. 

I.  Gregour  M'^Ewine  VGregour  (eldest  son  of  Ewine  the  Tutour) 
be  the  assistance  and  concurrence  of  the  said  noble  Lord  (Argyle)  and  the 
said  Alexander  M^Gregour  of  Glenstra,  sail  be  ansuerable  for  himself  and 

i6oi]    Bond  by  the  Clan  Gregor  to  Argyll      271 

for  all  discendit,  and  to  discend  of  umquhile  Ewne  M'^Gregour  (Tutour  of 
Glenstra,  see  Jan.  1584-5),  his  fader; 

2.  Duncane   na   Glen   MacGregour  of   Phanean,   Paternal   uncle   of 

for  his  sones  and  raice  to  come  of  him, 

3.  Allaster  gait  MacGregour,  Paternal  uncle  of  Glenstray, 

for  his  sones  liberall  (natural  ?)  and  raice  cum  and  to  come  of  him, 

4.  Duncane  M^AUaster  pudryche,  (Pudrach) 

for  himself  and  all  come  and  to  come  of  umquhile  Allaster  pudryche  his 
father ; 

5.  Johne  Dhu  M'^Gregour, 

brother  to  the  said  Allaster  for  himself,  his  bairnis  and  raice  to 
come  of  him ; 

6.  Gregour  M'^Neill, 

7.  Williame  McNeill, 

8.  Duncane  M'^Eanekaine  (cham) 

9.  Allaster  M'^Ewne, 

10.  Johne  dow  M*^ Allaster, 

11.  Williame  M'^Gregour  VGillechallum, 

12.  Johne  dow  M'-'Gregour,  Rora, 

13.  Duncane  M'^Ewne  V^ Allaster, 

14.  Duncane  M'^Gregour  V^William  in  Rannoch, 

15.  Duncane  M'^invalloch, 

16.  Johne  dow  M'^Condochy  V^Gregour  in  Innervar, 

17.  Johne  M'^Gregour  V'Neill, 

for  thameselffis,  and  conjunction  for  slegh  (sliochd)  and  raice  to  come  of 
umquhile  Duncane  Lienoch  (Roro), 

18.  Johne  M^Gregour  VEane  VGregour, 

19.  Allaster,  Charleis,  and  Gregour,  brether,  for  thameselffis,  hous,  and 

raice  cum  and  to  come  of  umquhile  Johne  M'^Gregour,  and 
Gregour,  thair  Guidsir  and  father. 

22.  Duncane  abroch,  and 

23.  Patrick  aldoch  M'^Gregouris 

for   thameselffis   and   all  discendit   and   to  discend  of  umquhile    Duncan 
Latois,  (Ladosach)  thair  predecessour. 

24.  Johnne  M'^fadrik  ammonach,  (Glen  Almond) 

25.  Gregour  M'^phadrick  ammonoch, 

26.  Johne  dow  M'^Gregour  M'^Phadrick  of  Innerzeldie, 

27.  Duncane  M*^ Allaster  in  Dundurne, 

28.  Duncane  M'^Phadrick  V^condoquhy, 
39.  Allaster  M'^Condochy  voir, 

272  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1601 

for  thameselffis  and  conjunctim  for  thair  haill  raice  cum  and  to  come  of 
umquhile  Patrik  Chaoldich, 

30.  Malcolme  M'^Dowgall  keir, 

31.  Duncane  M'^Phadrik  V^Dowgall  Keir, 

32.  Johne  ^rilkeir 

33.  Dougall  AFilkeir, 

34.  Malcolme  oig  ArCregour  V^Dowgall  Keir 

for  the  raice  and  hous  present  and  to  come  of  the  Clan  Dowgall  Keir ; 

35.  AUaster  ]\rRobert  voir, 

for  himself  and  his  sones  and  all  discendit  and  to  discend  of  him 

36.  James  AFGregour  in  Drumphin,  for  himself  his  bairnis  and  all  cum 

or  to  come  of  him. 
"  Quhilkis  Bandis  and  Obleisment  sail  be  interpret  and  extendit  towardis 
the  airis  and  successouris  of  the  said  Alexander  ArGregour  and  all  utheris 
obligantis  foirsaidis  respective  without  prejudice  and  not  annulling  the 
Bandis  and  obHsingis  of  thair  Maisteris  and  Landislordis  respective,  as  alsua 
without  prejudice  of  the  said  Alexanderis  Band  gevin  for  himself  and  all 
utheris  for  quhome  he  man  be  ansuerabill  be  the  law,  Sua  that  everie  ane  of 
the  saidis  Bandis  have  thair  awin  force  and  effect  in  full  integretie  as  thay 
beir  at  the  instanceis  of  all  pairties  pretendand  enteres  thairintill,  all  fraud 
and  gyll  secludit ;  In  witness  heirof  the  presentis  written  be  Johne  Hog  we 
have  subscrivet  with  oure  handis  and  foUowis  day,  zeir  and  place  foirsaidis, 
Befoir  thir  witnesses. 

David  Commendator  of  Dryburgh, 

James  Commendator  of  Incheafray 

Sir  Duncane  Campbell  of  Glenurquhay  Knicht, 

Sir  Archibald  Stirling  of  Keir  Knicht 

Sir  William  Menteith  of  Kerss  Knicht 

James  Campbell  Fear  of  Laweris, 

James  Leytoun  of  Tullibody, 

James  Kinross  of  Kippanross. 
Sic   Subscribitur,   AUaster    ArCregour   of  Glenstra   abonewrittin  with   my 
hand  tuiching  the  notaries  pen  underwrittin  becaus  I  can  not  wryte. 
"May  12.  personallie  compeirit 

Malcolme  M'^Gregour  in  Glengyle, 

Malcolme  M'^Dowilkeir, 

Duncane  M'^Phatrik  V^dowilkeir, 

Gregour  Neilsoun, 

Johne  dow  M'^Gregour  Ammonoch, 

Johne  M'^Gregour  V^Eane  V^Gregour 
in  presence  of  Archibald  Erie  of  Ergyll  and  subscrivit  the  Act  abonewritten 

i6oi]  Sundry  Notices  to  flit  273 

with  thair  handis  led  at  the  pen  of  the  Notar  underwrittin,  in  presence  of 

same  witnesses  as  before  with  the  addition  of  Sir  WiUiam 

Kerss  knicht  and  James  Seytoun  of  TuUibody.     The  Bond  was  eventually 
recorded  June  28.  1602.  in  the  Books  of  Council. 

"  Note  in  '  Chartulary.'  Out  of  the  36  Principal  men  of  the  ClanGregour 
proposed  to  be  parties  to  the  Bond  along  with  AUaster  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstra 
only  six  actually  sign  it,  and  that  three  weeks  after  him.  Argyle  appears  to 
have  had  the  Bond  in  his  possession  for  upwards  of  a  year  without  being 
able  to  procure  any  additional  signatures  to  it. 
"  1601.  June  26.  Marie  M'^Gregour  relict  of  umquhile  Johne  Tosheoch  son  of 
Duncan e  Tosheoch  in  Pittenzie  is  mentioned  at  this  time  in  the  Register  of 
Homings  for  Perth." 

The  necessary  result  of  the  invitation  to  bring  forward  old  complaints 
against  the  Clan  appears  in  numerous  complaints  as  well  as  notices  to 

"  1601.  July  5.  Garntullie  as  tacksman  of  Fortigall  obtains  decreet  of  removal 
against  Janet  Stewart  relict  of  umqle  AUaster  Pudrache  MacGregor,  Duncan 
M^'Eane  cham  alias  M'^Gregor  in  TuUiechwillen  (Lands  of  Balnacraig)  and 

"1601.  July  25.  Strowan  Robertson  against  his  tenants  same  as  on  21.  Jan. 
1597-8  and  June  9.  1599;  and  also  John  dow  M'^Allester  VGregour 
William  M'^Neill  compeired  personally;  and  Neill  M'^Wilham,  John  dow 
M'^allaster.  Malcolm  M*^Williame  M'^Gregour  and  Duncan  his  sone  com- 
peirand  by  procurators.     Diet  continued. 

"July  25.  Strowane  Robertson  against  his  tenants.  William  M'^Neill  V*^Ewin 
M'^Gregour,  in  Boirland  of  Fernan  and  half  milne  of  Strowane  Fernan. 
Umquhile  Neill  MTondoquhie  land  of  Fernan,  Alexander  M'^Gregour 
cleriche,  land  of  Croftnallin,  Neill  M'^William  M'^Neill  Wester  Fernan, 
Duncan  M'^Allaster  M'^Gregour  land  of  Tunivoir,  Malcolm  M'^Gregour  sone 
to  the  said  umquhile  Neill  M'^Donquhie  Gregour,  and  several  others  com- 
peired personally.     They  were  all  styled  '  pretendit  occupiers.' 

"July  25.  With  regard  to  Strowane  Robertsone's  tenants,  William  M'^Neill 
made  various  allegations  stating  *  That  of  the  lands  from  which  he  is 
charged  to  remove'  The  said  William  and  his  predecessors  hes  been  in 
possessioune  thrie  hundredth  yeiris  or  thairby  as  native  and  kyndlie  titularis 
and  possessouris  therof 

"Oct.  10.     At  Brechin.     Remissioun  to  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay. 

"James  &a.     Whereas  we  understanding  the  great  enemity  which  has 
subsisted  from  early  times  (ab  antico)  between  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay 
2  M 

2  74  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1601 

and  the  surname  of  MacGregor ;  in  the  course  of  which  many  and  various 
herschips,  slaughters,  and  oppressiouns  have  been  committed  by  both 
parties  and  surnames,  and  their  complices  against  the  others,  And  that  our 
lovite  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  present  Laird  of  Glenurquhay  Knicht  was 
frequentlie  forced  to  seek  remeid  by  force  and  the  strong  hand ;  Therefore 
&a  Remission  in  the  usual  form  to  Sir  Duncan  and  four  of  his  friends  for 
the  tresonable  burning  of  the  houses  of  Bar  in  Glenurchy  occupied  by 
M'^Gregour. — Privy  Seal  Ixxij,  162. 
"  1 601.  Nov.  10.     Compliant  Glenurquhay  &a  against  certain  MacGregors. 

"Anent  our  Soverane  Lordis  Lettreis  raised  at  the  instance  of  Sir 
Duncan  Campbell  Knicht  Superiour  and  Heritable  Proprietor  of  the  landis 
underwrittin,  and  Donald  M'^Innes  in  the  Lands  of  Tennent 

to  the  said  Sir  Duncane  in  the  samyn  landis  for  his  enteres,  makand 
mentioun,  That  quhir  the  said  Donald  and  his  servandis  haveing  in  the 
monethis  of  September  last  bipast  and  October  instant  Schorne  and  Wyne 
his  cornis  quhilkis  grew  this  present  yeir  upoun  the  ground  of  the  landis  of 
and  they  being  transportand  and  away  leidand  the  same 
cornis  off  the  saidis  landis  to  the  saidis  Donaldis  Barne  and  Barneyaird ;  It 
is  of  treuthe  that 

John  dow  M'^Gregour  V^Patrick  (in  Innerzeldies,  see  Ap.  1601), 

Duncan  ^rPhatrick  (his  father's  brother), 

Gregour  Ammonoch  (in  Kingart), 

Johne,  brother  to  the  said  Gregour, 

Duncane  dow  M'^Ewin  V^Eane, 

Patrik  M'^Ewin  V^Eane  his  brother, 

with  utheris  their  Complices,  haveing  schaken  aff  all  reverence  and  dewtifuU 
obedience  thay  should  have,  and  beir  to  his  Hienes  lawis,  all  bodin  in  feir 
of  weir  (arrayed  in  warlike  fashion)  with  haberschois,  Poleaixis  Tua  handit 
suordis,  and  other  weaponis  invasive  and  haquebuts  and  pistols  prohibete 
to  be  worne  be  act  of  Parliament;  came  upoun  the  said  complenaris 
tennent  and  '  broke  down  his  wains  and  cars,  and  threatened  to  murder 
him  if  he  mede  any  resistance,' 

"Nov.  Item  payed  by  command  and  direction  of  his  Majesty  for  the  expenses 
made  upon  the  expeding  of  the  Remissioun  granted  to  the  Laird  of 
Glenurquhay  and  his  servants,  and  of  a  gift  of  discharge  of  all  unlaws  and 
penalties  incurred  by  Glenurquhay,  ;^49,  2s.  4d.  (Scots). — Lord  High 
Treasurer's  Accounts. 

"  1601.  Dec.  loth.  The  Earl  of  Argyle  denounced  rebel  for  not  producing 
before  the  Council  Allaster  Macean  oig  of  Glencoe  to  whom  he  is  master 

i6o2]     Sundry  Complaints  against  the  Clan    275 

and  landlord,  and  for  whom  he  ought  to  be  answerable  As  also  John  Gait 
MacGregor  whom  he  has  at  least  had  in  his  custody  and  keeping,  &a  &a. 

"  1602.  Jan.  31st.  The  King  undertook  to  assist  Queen  Elizabeth  of  England 
with  a  levy  of  *  Hieland  men  '  to  repress  a  rebellion  in  Ireland  and  directed 
a  levy  '  of  thir  men  upoun  sic  of  his  Majesties  subjests  within  the  Hielandis 
as  ar  of  maist  power  to  furnis  yame.'  In  this  levy  The  Laird  of  Mac- 
Gregour  is  set  down  for  50  men. 

"  1602,   19th  June. 

"Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss  having  apprehended  '  Robert  M'^Gregor 
sone  to  Duncane  Abrach  MacGregor  and  with  his  awne  hand  put  him  to 
liberty '  is  charged  to  produce  the  said  Robert  And  Letters  were  sent  directing 
Luss  accordingly. 

"  1602. 

"  Complaint  by  Alex.  Stewart  of  Dalguis  that,  about  6  years  ago,  Johne 
Dow  M'^Gregour,  brother  of  the  laird  of  McGregor  or  at  least  his  servants 
stole  out  of  the  '  Mucht  of  Strabrane '  (Strathbran)  16  head  of  horses  «Sz:  mares, 
worth  20  merks  each, — '  To  the  takin  the  said  Johnne  M'^Gregour  being  in 
his  own  cradak  in  a  rowme  that  he  haldis  of  the  Laird  of  Tullibardine,  in 
Balquhidder,  sent  owt  his  men  and  tuke  the  said  hors  fra  the  said  com- 
pliners  sone,  and  sic  utheris  his  servandis  that  war  thair  that  followit  the 
said  hors.'^ 

"  1602.  June  28th, 

"  The  Band  executed  between  the  Earl  of  Argyll  and  the  ClanGregor  in 
April  1 60 1  is  put  before  the  King  and  Council  at  Perth,  and  ordered  to  be 
registered  Promise  was  also  made  for  the  Earl  of  Argyll  '  that  whenever 
the  said  Earl  should  be  required  by  his  Majesty  and  Council,  to  enter  and 
produce  the  persons  underwritten  or  any  three  of  them  viz  John  dow 
M'^Ewne,  Duncan  M'^Ewne  his  brother,  John  Dhu  M'^Ilphadrick  V^Robert, 
Robert  Abroch  MacGregor,  Duncan  M'^Induy  in  Ranoch,  Archibald 
M'^Condochy  V^AUaster,  Gregor  Scorach  and  Duncan  M'^fadrick. 

"  1602.  July.  The  Earl  of  Argyll  is  desired  to  produce  John  Gait  M'^Gregor. 

"  1602.  July  13th. 

"  Anent  letters  raised  at  the  instance  Menzies  of  Weem  explaining  that  he 
is  not  able  to  make  certain  of  the  ClanGregor  and  uthers  dwelling  in  Rora 
answerable  because  '  Quhilkes  persones  albeit  they  duell  within  the  boundis 
of  Rora  zit  thay  are  nowther  mentennentis  nor  seruandis  to  the  said  com- 
plenar  and  pass  not  maill  nor  dewtie  to  him  nor  nawayis  aknawledges  him 
but  thay  are  substakismen  to  Duncan  M'^Gregor  sone  to  umqle  Gregor 
M'^Condochy  his  tennent  and  were  input  and  placit  by  (without)  the  said 
complenars  knawledge,  consent,  permission  &  allowance  be  him  and  be 
^  The  sentence  does  not  run  very  clearly,  but  it  is  taken  from  the  original  account. 

276  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1602 

William  ArNeill  in  Farnan,  Duncane  M'^AUaster  there  and  Duncane  M'^eane 
cam  in  Forthergill  tutor  to  the  said  (Duncan  M'^Gregor)  And  seeing  the 
said  complenar  is  not  able  to  mak  them  answerable  Ressoun  and  equitie 
cravis  that  he  sould  have  the  relief  of  the  said  tutor  be  quhome  the  saidis 
personis  complenit  upon  wer  enterit  in  his  saidis  landis  and  thay  sould  be 
enterit  and  presentit  befoir  his  majesty  and  the  saidis  Lordes  the  said  day 
be  thair  maisteris  and  landislordis  for  order  to  be  taken  with  theme  anent  the 
said  complenars  relieff  and  the  billis  layed  upoun  him  And  anent  the 
Charge  gevin  to  Robertsoun  of  Strowane  maister  and  landislord  to  the  saidis 
Williame  M'^Neill  Duncane  M'^AUaster  &a  (who  were  in  Fernan)  Robertson 
of  Strowan  for  being  oft  times  callit  and  not  compeiring  or  presenting  the 
men,  is  denounced  Rebel. 

"  Strowan  is  also  charged  to  present  to  the  Council  Alester  MacGregor 
Cleriche,   to   answer   to   a   complaint   by   Watson   in   ArntuUie.     Various 
complaints  follow. 
"  1602.  June  or  July. 

"Anent  the  complaint  given  in  by  Patrick  Scott  in  Glennilmet  in  the 
bishoprick  of  Dunkeld  upon  Duncan  M'^Eachanie  MacGregor,  in  TuUoch- 
moline  in  Fartirchill  servant  to  the  laird  of  GarntuUie  for  stealing  with  his 
complices,  broken  men  of  his  friendship  at  his  command  4  Cows  and 
an  ox  in  1600  and  3  wedders  3  years  old,  was  challenged  selling  one  of  the 
cows  at  Andermas  fair,  GarntuUie  decerned  to  redress  the  above, 

A  note  by  Mr  MacGregor  Stirling  states  that  this  Duncan  is  the  person 
mentioned  as  having  been  taken  prisoner  by  Macintosh  in  King  James  VI. 
letter  of  30th  March  1596-7  ;  whilst  in  the  entry  of  13th  July  1602,  he  is 
stated  to  be  '  tutour '  of  MacGregor  of  Rora. 

"  1602.  July  17th. 

"  Alexander  ^PGregor  was  infeft  in  the  lands  of  Lagarie  in  the  Dukedom 
of  Lennox  and  Shire  of  Dumbarton  on  a  precept  of  Clare  Constat  as  heir  of 
his  father  John  MacGregor  of  Ardinconnell.  His  brother  Gregor  Mac- 
Gregor was  a  witness  to  the  infeftment. — Record  of  the  Burgh  of  Dum- 
"1602.  August  3d.     At  Falkland. 

"  Complaint  of  Andrew  Ramsay  at  Mill  of  Innerqueich,  theft  of  Cattle  by 
Alaster  M'^Alaster  and  John  Dow  M'^Ewen  M'^Gregor  and  others  from  the 
lands  of  Corb  and  Drycurie  in  the  forest  of  Alyth. 
"  1602.  August  6th.     At  Falkland. 

"  Earl  of  Argyle  denounced,  eight  different  entries  for  not  producing 
before  the  Council  Donald  M'^eane  dowy  M'^AUaster  in  Glencoans,  M'^Con- 

Argyll  charged  to  answer  for  MacGregors  277 

dochy  V^ean  roy,  Ewne  M'^Allaster  Pudrach,  John  dow  M'^Ewne  MacGregor, 

M'^Condochy  of  Inneraw  and  Duncan  M'^Ewne  MacGregor. 
"  1602.     Earl  of  Argyle  charged  to  present  John  Gait  MacGregor  and  all  the 

remaining  persons  of  the  ClanGregor  for  whom  he  has  become  answerable 

on  24th  Nov. 
"1602.  Nov.  25th.     At  Holyroodhouse. 

"  Colquhoun  of  Euss  against  the  Earl  of  Argyle,  for  proving  that  the  Earl 

is  answerable  for  certain  persons ; 

AUaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray, 

John  Dhu  his  brother, 

Duncan  Glen  of  Fernan, 

Gregor  son  to  the  said  Duncan, 

Patrick  also  his  son, 

Allaster  Gait  in  Culquhirrilan, 

Patrick  and  Duncan  his  sons, 

Patrick  in  Caldernot  and  his  sons, 

John  Dhu  and  Duncan, 

Duncan  M'^Otter  dow  in  the  Otter, 

Gregor  M'^Ewne  in  Moirninche, 

John  dow  M'^Ewne  his  brother, 

Duncan  M'^Ewene        do., 

Allaster  M'^Allaster  vreik, 

Gregor  MToull, 

Duncan  Ger  his  brother, 

Duncans  M'^Ewene  his  brother, 

Galium  MacGregor  V^ulcheir  (Dow), 

Dougal  roy  MacGregor,  vagabond, 

Allaster   M'^Condochy  M'^eane  dowy  V'Gregor   householdman   to  the 

Laird  of  MacGregor, 
Neill  M'^eane  duy  V'^Ewne, 
Duncan  M*^Ewene  V^illevoill, 
Donald  M'^Ewine, 

John  dow  lean  M'^Phadrick  V^culcher, 
Challum  M'^Neill  vane  MacGregor, 

All  men  tenants  and  servants  to  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyll  dwelling 
upon  his  land  and  are  such  persons  as  by  the  laws  of  this  realme  acts  of 
Parliament  and  General  Band  he  will  be  held  to  answer  for.  Therefore 
ordain  letters  to  be  direct  to  summon  such  witnesses  as  the  said  Laird  of 
Luss  intends  to  use  for  proving  of  the  said  matter  To  compeir  personally 

278  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1602 

the  said  day  to  bear  leal  and  soothfast  witnessing  in  the  said  matter,  under 
the  pain  of  rebellion  &a.     And  the  said  Laird  of  Luss  compeiring  personally 
and  the  said  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyll  compeiring  by  Mr  George  Arskin  his 
procurator  are  warned  hereof  apud  Acta. 
"  1602  Nov. 

"Item  to  Patrik  M'^omeis  messenger  passing  from  Edinburgh  with 
letters  to  charge  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyll  to  compeir  personally  before  the 
Council  the  i6th  day  of  Dec.  next  to  answer  to  such  things  as  shall  be 
inquired  of  him  touching  his  lying  at  await  for  the  laird  of  Ardincapill  upoun 
set  purpose  to  have  slain  him." 

From  the  published  Register  of  Privy  Council  ^ : — 

"1602.  The  Earl  of  Argyll  had  become  bound  in  20,000  merks  that  he  and 
those  for  whom  he  is  answerable  should  observe  good  rule  in  the  country 
and  satisfy  parties  skaithed,  Since  then  the  Earl  had  obtained  a  commission 
of  lieutenancy  against  the  ClanGregour  dated  in  March  1601,  &  still 
undischarged,  empowering  him  to  take  surety  of  the  Clan  for  their  good 
behaviour  in  future.  In  accordance  with  this  commission  he  had  convened 
before  him  at  Stirling  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour,  and  all  the  principals  of  the 
branches  of  that  name,  and  thus  having  them  '  all  undir  his  power ' ;  either 
took  or  should  have  taken  ample  surety  from  them.  Yet  though  the  said 
commission  is  in  full  force,  the  said  ClanGregour  '  has  bene  and  ar  als 
insolent  and  of  als  wicked  and  inhappie  a  dispositioun  as  they  wer  at  ony 
time  preceiding,  and  hes  committit  not  onlie  oppin  and  avowit  heirschippis 
and  depredationis  upoun  fair  daylicht  upoun  divers  of  his  Heynes  guid 
subjectis,  as  namely  upoun  the  Laird  of  Luss  and  Buchannane  bot  alsua 
they  commit  daylie  prevey  stouthis  and  robberies  in  all  pairtis  quhair  they 
may  find  the  commoditie  of  thair  pray.'  .  .  .  For  example  (several  cases 
follow,)  .  .  .  John  Gait  M'^Gregour  having  been  apprehended  by  the  said 
Earl  as  his  Majesty's  lieutenant,  the  said  Earl  was  required  to  enter  him 
before  the  King  and  Council ;  but  although  he  made  sundry  promises  to  his 
Majesty  to  enter  the  said  Johne  yet  he  has  not  only  failed  to  do  so  '  bot  to 
the  forder  contempt  of  his  Heynes '  has  set  him  at  liberty.  The  King  and 
his  Council  decern  the  said  principal  and  his  sureties  to  have  incurred  the 
penalty  of  20,000  merks  and  ordain  letters  of  Horning  &a." 

^  An  abridgment  of  a  paper  in  the  "  Chartulary."  Mention  is  made  of  Allaster  Gait  MacGregor, 
Duncan  Glen  MacGregor,  and  Patrick  MacGregor,  all  brothers,  and  father's  brothers  to  Allaster 
MacGregor  of  Glenstrae ;  also  of  Catternach  MacGregor  in  Lome,  and  sundry  others,  all  men 
tenants  and  servants  to  the  said  Earl  of  Argyle. 


Chapter    XXIII 

Battle  of  Glenfruin 

T7ROM  the  "  Baronage,"  continued  from  Chapter  XVI.  : — 

"XVI.  Alexander  MacGregor  of  that  Ilk,  a  man  of  determined  and  martial 
spirit.  He  fought  the  memorable  battle  of  Glenfroon,  against  the  Colquhouns, 
Buchannans,  Grgemes,  a7ino  1602. 

"  We  have  hereto  subjoined  a  full  account  of  this  affair,  faithfully  translated 
from  a  Latin  history  of  the  family  of  Sutherland,  written  by  Mr  Alexander  Ross, 
Professor  in  the  University  of  Aberdeen,  anno  1631  :  by  which  it  plainly  appears 
how  grossly  this  unfortunate  Clan  have  been  represented  and  abused." 

Although  the  differences  are  but  slight,  it  may  be  better  here  to  give 
the  published  version  of  Sir  Robert  Gordon's  history,  which  is  very  nearly 

"Extract  from  the  'Genealogical  History  of  the  Erldom  of  Sutherland  from  its 
origen  to  the  year  of  God  1630.'  written  by  Sir  Robert  Gordon  of  Gordon- 
stoun.  Baronet  with  a  continuation  to  the  year  165 1.  published  from  the 
Original  Manuscript.     Edinburgh  1818.     Folio  pages  244-247  : — 

"In  lent,  the  yeir  of  God  1602.,  ther  happened  a  great  tumult  and  combustion 
in  the  west  of  Scotland,  betuein  the  Laird  of  Lus  (Chieff  of  the  surname  of 
Colquhoun,  and  Alexander  Mackgregor  (Chieftane  of  the  ClanGregar).  Ther  had 
ben  formerlie  some  rancour  among  them,  for  divers  mutuall  harships  and  wrongs 
done  on  either  syd ;  first  by  Luss  his  freinds,  against  some  of  the  Clangregar,  and 
then  by  John  Mackgregar  (the  brother  of  the  forsaid  Alexander  Mackregar)  against 
the  Laird  of  Luss,  his  dependers  and  tennents.     And  now  Alexander  M'^Gregar 

1  A  MS.  Note  in  the  Family  Edition  of  Douglas's  "Baronage,"  probably  by  Mr  MacGregor 
Stirhng,  adds  Mr  Ross,  who  seems  to  have  freely,  and  with  some  slight  variations,  translated  into 
Latin  Sir  Robert  Gordon  of  Gordanstoun's  "  History  of  the  Earldom  of  Sutherland,"  written  the 
year  before,  i.e.  1630,     Other  accounts  are  added  in  Appendix. 

2  8o  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1602 

(being  accompanied  with  200  of  his  kin  and  freinds)  came  from  the  Rannoch  into 
the  Lennox,  to  the  Laird  of  Lus  his  owne  bounds,  with  a  resolution  to  talc  away 
these  dissensions  and  jarrs  by  the  mediation  of  freinds.  In  this  meantyme  the 
Laird  of  Luss  doth  assemble  all  his  pertakers  and  dependers,  with  the  Buchannans 
and  others,  to  the  number  of  300  horsemen  and  500  foott ;  intending  that  iff  the 
issue  of  their  meitting  did  not  answer  his  expectation,  he  might  inclose  the  enemies 
within  his  cuntrey,  and  so  overthrow  them.  Bot  the  Clangregar  being  vpon  their 
guard,  it  happened  otherwise ;  for  presentUe  after  that  the  meitting  dissolued,  the 
Laird  of  Luss,  thinking  to  tak  his  enemies  at  vnawars,  persued  them  hastylie  and 
eagerlye  at  Glen-Freon.  Mackgregar  had  his  company  pairted  in  tuo ;  the  most 
pairt  he  led  himselff,  the  rest  he  committed  to  the  charge  of  and  conduct  of  his 
brother  John,  who  drew  a  compas  about,  and  invaded  the  Laird  of  Luss  his 
company  when  they  least  expected.  The  combat  wes  foughten  with  great  courage ; 
In  end,  the  Clangregar  prevailed,  chased  ther  enemies,  killed  divers  gentlemen,  and 
some  burgesses  of  the  toun  of  Dumbarton,  with  200  others  and  took  divers 
prisoners.  Of  the  Clangregar  (which  is  almost  a  wonder)  tuo  onlie  wes  slain ; 
John  Mackgregar  (the  brother  of  Alexander)  and  another ;  but  divers  of  them  wer 

"  The  report  of  this  combat  and  victorie  came  to  the  king's  ears  at  Edinburgh, 
where  elevin  score  bloodie  shirts  ^  (of  those  that  were  slain  in  that  skirmish)  were 
presented  to  his  Matie,  who  wes  therupon  exceedingly  incensed  against  the  Clan- 
gregar, having  none  about  the  King  to  plead  their  cause,  which  proved  hurtfull  to 
them,  almost  to  the  rwyne  of  thet  famelie  and  surname ;  for  the  King  afterward 
caused  proclaime  them  rebells,  directed  commissions  and  lettres  of  intercomuning 
against  them,  forbidding  any  of  his  leiges  to  harbor  them.  At  last  he  imployed 
the  Earl  of  Argyle  and  the  Campbells  against  them,  who  pursued  them  divers 
tymes ;  and  at  Bentoik  -  where  Robert  Campbell  (the  Laird  of  Glen  Vrquhie  his 
sone)  accompanied  with  some  of  the  Clanchamron,  Clanab,  and  Clanronald,  to  the 
number  of  tuo  hundred  chosen  men,  faught  against  thriescore  of  the  Clangregar ; 
in  which  conflict  tuo  of  the  Clangregar  wer  slain,  to  witt,  Duncan  Aberigh  (one  of 
the  Chieftanes)  and  his  sone  Duncan.  Seaven  gentlemen  of  the  Campbells  syd 
were  killed  ther,  though  they  seemed  to  have  the  victorie.  So  after  much  slaughter, 
many  skirmishes,  and  divers  slights  vsed  against  the  Clangregar,  in  end  they 
subdued  them,  by  the  death  of  many  of  them  and  ther  followers,  and  no  lesse 
(iff  not  farr  greater)  slaughter  of  the  Campbells.  Then  commissions  wer  sent 
thorow  the  Kingdome,  for  fyning  the  recepters  and  harbourers  of  the  Clangregar, 
and  for  punishing  such  as  did  intercommoun  with  them ;  all  which  fynes  wer  given 

^  See  further  on.  It  appears  to  be  conclusively  shown  that  there  were  two  conflicts  between  the 
MacGregors  and  Colquhouns,  with  an  interval  of  two  months  between  them,  and  it  was  after  the 
first,  called  the  Raid  of  Glenfinlas,  that  this  incident  took  place.— Ed. 

*  See  later,  in  161 1. 

i6o2]  Incident  before  the  Conflict  of  Glenfruin  28 1 

by  his  Matie  to  the  Earle  of  Argyle,  and  converted  to  his  vse  and  benefit,  as  a 
recompense  of  that  service. 

"After  many  severall  changes  of  fortune,  Alexander  Mackgregar  rendered 
himselff  to  the  Earle  of  Argyle,  vpon  condition  that  he  wold  suffer  him  to  goe  saiflie 
into  England  to  King  James,  to  let  his  Matie  know  the  true  state  of  their  bussines 
from  the  beginning ;  and  in  pledge  of  his  returne  agane  to  the  Earle  of  Argyle,  he 
gave  him  threttie  of  the  cheifest  men,  and  of  best  reputation  among  the  Clangregar, 
to  remain  in  Argyle  his  custodie  till  his  return  from  England.  Mackgregar  wes  no 
sooner  at  Bervick,  vpon  his  journey  to  London  bot,  he  wes  brought  back  again  to 
Edinburgh  by  the  Earle  of  Argyle,  and  ther,  by  his  meanes,  execute,  together  with 
the  thretty  pledges  befor  mentioned  ;  whereby  he  thought  not  onlie  to  pacefie 
all  these  broills,  bot  also  to  extinguish  vtterlie  the  name  of  Clangregar  ;  yit  he  wes 
deceaved,  for  now  agane  the  Clangregar  are  come  almost  to  their  former  vigor,  and 
Argyle  reaped  small  credet  by  this  service." 

The  notes  in  the  "  Baronage "  may  still  serve  as  a  comment  on  the 

"  Though  this  account  differs  greatly  from  Mr  George  Cravvfurd's  history  of  the 
family  of  Colquhoun  ;  yet  whether  that  account  written  by  an  impartial  author, 
within  less  than  30  years  after  the  affair  happened,  when  the  whole  transaction  was 
fresh  in  everybody's  memory,  or  that  written  above  100  years  thereafter,  when  many  of 
the  facts  must  have  been  forgotten,  deserves  most  to  be  beheved,  is  submitted  to  the 
judgment  of  our  readers." 

Traditional  account  of  one  of  the  incidents  which  led  to  the  Battle 
of  Glenfruin  : — 

"  Before  Marshal  Wade  paved  the  way  for  carriers  and  stage-coaches,  the 
Highlanders  received  all  their  little  necessaries  and  luxuries  through  the  hands  of 
pedlars,  who  made  regular  visits  to  one  or  other  of  the  large  towns,  and  brought 
back  in  their  packs  the  articles  chiefly  in  demand  at  home.  The  pedlars  as  a  class, 
were  of  great  importance  to  the  whole  community,  and  Highland  faith  and  hospi- 
tality guaranteed  to  them  security  and  good  reception  wherever  they  went.  Two 
pedlars  of  the  M'^Gregors  of  Dunan,  in  the  Braes  of  Rannoch,  were  benighted  while 
on  the  way  home  from  Glasgow,  on  the  property  of  Sir  Humphrey  Colquhoun  of 
Luss.  They  asked  hospitality  which  was  refused.  This  churlishness  was  owing  to 
the  quarrels  of  the  Colquhouns  with  their  neighbours,  the  M'^Gregors  of  Glengyle  ; 
but  the  Colquhouns  in  setting  limits  to  the  hospitality  asked,  so  far  violated  the  con- 
ventional and  hereditary  code  of  Highland  morality,  that  the  pedlars  deemed  them- 
selves justified  in  taking  what  was  refused.  They  kindled  a  fire  in  an  unoccupied 
sheiling-house,  and  taking  a  wedder  from  the  fold,  killed  it  and  feasted  on  its  carcase. 

2  N 

282  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1602 

Unluckily  for  them,  the  wedder  was  the  most  marked  animal  in  the  fold.  It  was 
black  all  but  the  tail,  which  was  white.  In  the  morning,  the  shepherds  missed  at 
once  '  Mult  dubh  an  earbhail  ghil' — the  black  wedder  with  the  white  tail.  The 
pedlars  were  at  once  suspected,  pursued,  captured,  brought  back,  and  hanged 
without  delay.  The  M'^Gregors  could  not  tamely  pass  over  such  an  affront. 
Alastair  of  Glenstrae  Chief  of  the  Clan  with  about  300  men  left  Rannoch  in  the 
beginning  of  the  year  1602  and  encamped  on  the  Colquhoun  Marches.  He  pro- 
posed an  accommodation,  on  condition  that  the  Colquhouns  acknowledged  their 
fault  and  made  reparation  to  the  friends  of  the  deceased  by  paying  the  blood 

'  eric'     Sir   Humphrey scorned    the   offers    of    peace." — From    the 

"  Lairds  of  Glenlyon,"  pages  20-21. 

The  other  side  of  the  conflict  now  claims  attention,  and  it  will  be 
easiest  found  in  the  "  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun."  ^ 

First  in  point  of  chronology  it  may  be  well  to  take  the  following 
excerpt : — 

"  Among  the  Luss  papers  there  are  lists  of  articles  stolen  by  the  MacGregors 

from  the  Colquhouns  in  the  year  1594,  and  in  other  years  previous  to  1600  and 

these  lists  show  how  much  the  Colquhouns  had  suffered  from  the  MacGregors. 

But  in  1602,  the  MacGregors  made  more  formidable  inroads  into  the  lands  of  Luss, 

spreading  consternation  among  the  inhabitants.      Complaints  were  made  against 

them  by  the  Laird  of  Luss  to  King  James,  upon  which  his  Majesty  dispensing  with 

the  provisions  of  an  Act  of  Parliament,  forbidding  the  carrying  of  arms,  granted 

permission  to  him  and  his  tenants  to  wear  various  kinds  of  offensive  weapons.     The 

royal  letter  granting  him  this  liberty  is  in  the  following  terms  : — 

" '  Rex, 

" '  We  vnderstanding  that  sindrie  of  the  disorderit  thevis  and  lymmares  of 

the  Clangregour,  with  utheris  thair  complices,  dalie  makis  incursionis  vpon, 

and  within  the  boundis  and  landis  pertening  to  Alexander  Colquhoun  of 

Luss,  steillis,  reiffis,  and  away  takis,  diuers  great  heirschippis  fra  him  and  his 

tenentis  lykas  they  tak  greater  bauldnes  to  continew  in  thair  said  stouth  and 

reaff,  becaus  they  ar  enarmit  with  all  kynd   of  prohibite  and   forbidden 

wapynnis.     Thairfoir  and  for  the  better  defence  of  the  Laird  of  Lus,  and  his 

saidis  tennentis,  guidis,  and  geir,  fra  the  persute  of  the  saidis  thevis  and 

broken  men,  to  have  gevin,  and  granted,  and  be  the  tennour  heirof  gevis,  and 

grantis,  licence,  and  libertie,  to  the  said  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Lus,  his 

houshald  men,  and  seruandis  and  sic  as  sail  accompany  him,  not  onlie  to 

beir,   weir,   and   schuitt  with   hagbuttis   and    pistolettis,   in   the    following 

1  Sir  William  Fraser,  K.C.B.  and  D.C.L.,  the  distinguished  author  of  this  valuable  work,  has 
given  a  very  cordial  assent  to  the  Editor's  wish  to  take  advantage  of  it  for  quotations. 

i6o2]  Raid  of  Glenfinlas  283 

and  persute  of  the  saidis  thevis,  and  lymmeris,  quilk  is  lauchtfull  be  the  Act 
of  Parliament,  hot  also  to  beir  and  weir  the  same  hagbuittis  and  pistolettis 
in  any  pairt  abone  the  water  of  Leaven,  and  at  the  said  Lairdis  place 
of  Dunglas  and  lands  of  Colquhoun  and,  for  the  watcheing  and  keiping 
of  thair  awne  guidis,  without  any  crime,  skaythe,  pane,  or  danger  to 
be  incurrit  be  thame  thairthrou,  in  thair  personis,  landis,  or  guidis,  be 
any  maner  of  way,  in  tyme  cuming,  notwithstanding  any  our  actis, 
statutis,  or  proclamationis  maid  in  the  contrair  thairanent,  and  painis 
thairin  contenit,  we  dispense  be  thir  presentis.  gevin  vnder  our  signet 
and  subsciuit  with  our  hand,  at  Hamiltoun  the  first  day  of  September, 
and  of  our  reigne  the  xxxvi.  zeir,  1602.  James  R.' 

"  The  right  to  carry  arms  thus  granted  to  the  Laird  of  Luss  and  his  retainers,  so 
far  from  inspiring  the  MacGregors  with  terror  seems  rather  to  have  inflamed  their 
resentment  against  the  Colquhouns  and  proved,  there  is  reason  to  fear,  the  imme- 
diate occasion  of  the  disastrous  conflict  at  Glenfinlas  and  Glenfruin  which  fol- 

"The  Laird  of  Luss  made  a  complaint  in  Nov.  1602  if  not  earlier  against 
the  Earl  of  Argyle,  as  the  King's  lieutenant  in  the  bounds  of  the  Clangregour,  for 
permitting  them  and  others  to  commit  outrages  upon  him  and  his  tenants.  The 
Lord  High  Treasurer  and  the  King's  Advocate  had  before  30.  Nov.  that  year, 
prosecuted  Argyll  for  certain  alleged  atrocities  of  that  Clan,  of  which  the  only  one 
specified  is  said  to  have  been  committed  '  on  the  lairds  of  Luss  and  Buchannan.' 
Argyll  and  his  sureties  in  the  bond  which  as  King's  lieutenant  he  had  given  to  the 
government,  not  having  appeared  before  the  Council  in  obedience  to  the  summons 
issued  against  them,  were  fined  in  terms  of  the  bond ;  but  he  was  assoilzied  from  the 
charge  brought  against  him  by  Colquhoun,  the  latter  having  failed  to  prove  it. 

"  The  first  of  the  raids  referred  to  between  the  MacGregors  and  the  Colquhouns 
took  place  on  the  7.  December  1602.  at  Glenfinlas  a  glen  about  two  miles  to  the 
west  of  Rossdhu,  and  three  to  the  north  of  Glenfruin,  to  which  it  runs  parallel, 
namely  in  a  north-westerly  or  a  south-easterly  direction. 

"  The  raid  was  headed  by  Duncan  Makewin  Macgregour,  tutour  of  Glenstray.^ 
Accompanied  with  about  eighty  persons  to  quote  from  a  contemporary  Luss  paper, 
by  way  of  oppressions  and  reif,  he  came  to  the  dwelling  houses  and  steadings 
of  many  tenants,  broke  up  their  doors,  and  not  only  took  their  whole  inside 
plenishing  out  of  their  houses,  but  also  took  and  reft  from  them  three  hundred 
cows,  one  hundred  horses  and  mares,  four  hundred  sheep,  and  four  hundred  goats. 
Among  the  tenants  despoiled  were  John  Maccaslane  of  Caldenoth  and  John  Leich 
of  CuUichippen,  besides  various  tenants  in  Edintagert,  Glenmacaime,  Auchintullich, 

^  Ewin  MacGregor,  Tutour  of  Glenstray,  died  before  1601.  After  his  death,  Duncan  M'^Ewin, 
his  third  son,  was  sometime  later  styled  the  Tutor  of  Glenstray, — Ed. 

284  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1602 

Finlas.  Tomboy  Midros  &a.  The  houses  plundered  amounted  to  forty-five  (another 
Luss  paper  states  '  above  fourscore  '). 

"  Another  of  the  Luss  papers  entitled  *  Memorandum  for  Duncan  MacKintur- 
nour,  elder  in  Luss.  records  that  in  the  month  of  Dec.  1602  years,  at  the  herschip 
of  Glenfinlas,  two  months  before  the  day  of  Glenfruin,  Duncan  Mackewin  Mac- 
gregor  and  his  accomplices  to  the  number  of  fourscore  persons  most  cruelly  reft, 
spoilzeit  and  away  took  from  the  said  Duncane  Mackinturnour,  forth  of  his  xxs 
land  of  Glenmakearne,  twenty-five  cows,  and  thirty  sheep,  the  property  of  the  said 

"  Various  lists  of  the  names  of  the  accomplices  of  the  Macgregors  are  preserved 
among  the  Luss  papers.  These  accomplices  were  chiefly  persons  of  the  name 
of  MacGregor,  under  the  Earl  of  Argyll  and  also  under  the  Lairds  of  TuUibardin, 
Strowan  Robertson,  &a.  The  resetters  of  the  plundered  articles  were  chiefly  about 
Lochgoylhead,  Strachur,  Ardkinlas,  and  Appin. 

"At  the  fray  of  Glenfinlas,  besides  the  depredations  committed  two  of  the 
Colquhoun  people  were  killed,  one  of  them  a  household  servant  of  the  Laird 
of  Colquhoun  and  the  other  a  webster.  Under  the  date  of  12.  Aug.  1603 
Neill  Macgregor  was  '  delated  and  accused  of  being  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
slauchter  of  umqle  Patrik  Layng  and  of  vmquile  John  Reid  wobster,  servandis 
to  the  Laird  of  Luss  committit  in  Dec.  last  and  also  of  stealing.' 

"  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss  as  we  have  already  seen,  before  this  raid  com- 
plained to  the  Privy  Council,  against  the  Earl  of  Argyll,  for  not  repressing  the 
ClanGregor.  Having  then  failed  to  obtain  any  redress  from  the  Council,  he  was 
advised  by  some  of  his  friends  after  the  conflict  at  Glenfinlas,  to  appear  before  the 
King,  who  was  at  Stirling,  to  complain  of  the  depradations  and  cruel  murders  com- 
mitted by  the  MacGregors,  and  to  give  the  greater  effect  to  his  complaint,  to  take 
along  with  him  a  number  of  women  carrying  the  bloody  shirts  of  their  murdered  or 
wounded  husbands  and  sons.  The  idea  of  this  tragical  demonstration  was  sug- 
gested to  him  by  Semple  of  Fulwood  and  William  Stewart,  Captain  of  Dumbarton 
Castle,  as  we  learn  from  the  following  letter,  written  to  him  by  Thomas  Fallisdaill, 
burgess  of  Dumbarton,  only  a  few  days  after  the  conflict : — 

"  '  Rycht  honorable  Sir,  my  dewtie  with  service  remembrit,  plas  zour 
ma(stership)  the  Lard  of  Fullewod  and  the  Capitane  thinkis  best  zour  ma  : 
adres  to  zour  self,  wyth  als  mony  bludie  sarks,  as  ather  ar  deid,  or  hurt  of 
zour  men,  togitter  wyth  als  mony  vemen,  to  present  thame  to  his  Maiestie 
in  Stirling,  and  to  zour  ma  :  to  be  thair  vpone  Tysday  nixt,  for  thai  ar  bayth 
to  ryd  thair  vpone  tysday,  quha  will  assist  zow  at  thair  power.  The  meistest 
tyme  is  now  becauss  of  the  French  Imbaissadour  that  is  with  his  Maistie. 
The  rest  of  thair  opinioun,  I  sail  cum  wpe  the  morne,  vpone  zour  ma : 
aduertisment Me  Lord  Duik  is  also  in  Stirling,  quhome  the  Laird 

Commission  of  Lieutenancy  granted  to  Luss    285 

of  Fullvad  and  the  Capitane  wald  fain  zow  agreit  with  presentlie,  and  lat 
actionis  of  law  rest  ower.     Sua  I  end,  committing  zour  ma  :  for  ewer  to  the 
Lord.     Dumbartane,  this  Sunday,  the  xix  of  dec.  1602. 
"  '  zour  ma(stership)  awen  for  ewer, 

'"Thomas  Fallusdaill,  Burges  of  Dunbertane, 

"  '  To  the  Rycht  honorable  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  in  haist,  this  vretting.* 

"Thus  advised,  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss  went  on  the  21.  of  the  same 
month,  to  the  King,  at  Stirling,  accompanied  by  a  number  of  females,  the  relatives 
of  the  parties  who  had  been  killed  or  wounded  at  Glenfinlas,  each  carrying  the 
bloody  shirt  of  her  killed  or  wounded  relative,  to  implore  his  Majesty  to  avenge 
the  wrongs  done  to  them.  The  scene  produced  a  strong  sensation  in  the  mind  of 
the  King,  who  was  extremely  susceptible  to  the  impression  of  tragic  spectacles. 
His  sympathy  was  excited  towards  the  sufferers ;  and  his  resentment  was  roused 
against  the  Macgregors,  on  whom  he  vowed  to  take  vengeance.  As  the  speediest 
means  of  redress,  he  granted  a  commission  of  lieutenancy  to  Alexander  Colquhoun 
of  Luss,  investing  him  with  power  to  repress  crimes  of  the  description  from  which 
he  had  suffered,  and  to  apprehend  the  perpetrators. 

"This  commission  granted  to  their  enemy,  appears  to  have  roused  the  lawless 
rage  of  the  Macgregors,  who  rose  in  strong  force  to  defy  the  Laird  of  Luss ;  and 
Glenfruin,  with  its  disastrous  and  sanguinary  defeat  of  the  Colquhouns,  and  its 
ultimate  terrible  consequences  to  the  victorious  clan  themselves  was  the  result. 
Sir  Robert  Gordon,  in  his  history  of  the  Earls  of  Sutherland,  mistakes  the  conflict 
of  Glenfinlas  ^  for  the  more  serious  one  of  Glenfruin  which  took  place  shortly  after. 
...  Sir  Walter  Scott  founding  on  this  (Gordon's)  as  his  authority  improves  upon 
it  by  the  addition  of  various  circumstances  which,  however,  are  purely  fictitious. 
'  The  widows  of  the  slain,'  says  he,  '  to  the  number  of  eleven  score,  in  deep 
mourning,  riding  upon  white  palfreys,  and  each  bearing  her  husband's  bloody  shirt 
on  a  spear,  appeared  at  Stirling,  in  presence  of  a  monarch  peculiarly  accessible  to 
such  sights  of  fear  and  sorrow,  to  demand  vengeance  for  the  death  of  their  husbands, 
upon  those  by  whom  they  had  been  made  desolate.'  The  bloody  shirt  scene  was 
after  the  raid  at  Glenfinlas,  and  as  only  a  few  (two)  were  killed  on  that  occasion, 
though  a  great  number  might  be  wounded.  Sir  Robert  Gordon  and  after  him  Sir 
Walter  Scott,  exaggerates  what  actually  took  place.  The  scene  was  not  repeated 
after  the  more  sanguinary  conflict  at  Glenfruin,  though  then  it  would  have  been  a 
spectacle  much  more  impressive  from  the  far  greater  number  who  were  killed  and 

"  It  has  been  asserted  by  some  writers  that,  in  the  beginning  of  the  year  1603, 
the  MacGregors  and  the  Colquhouns  made  friendly  propositions  to  hold  a  con- 

^  Sir  William  Fraser  gives  positive  proof  of  the  two  separate  conflicts  and  of  the  display  of  shirts 
taking  place  after  the  first  of  the  two. 

286  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

ference  with  the  view  of  terminating  their  animosities,  while  at  the  same  time  each 
determined  should  the  result  of  a  meeting  be  unsuccessful,  to  have  recourse  to 
instant  measures  of  hostility.  Sir  Robert  Gordon  ....  represents  the  matter 
more  favourably  for  the  Macgregors.  (Here  follows  a  short  quotation  from  Sir 
Robert  Gordon  from  the  departure  of  Alexander  Macgregor  of  Rannoch,  the  Laird 
of  Luss  persewing  them  at  Glenfruin.)  Sir  Robert  Gordon  was  contemporary,  but 
he  is  here  incorrect  in  various  of  his  statements,  as  can  be  proved  from  authentic 
documents  of  the  period.  No  evidence  whatever  exists  of  the  conference  referred 
to  having  been  either  held  or  intended.  From  the  position  of  the  two  parties,  it 
is  hardly  possible  that  any  such  conference  could  have  been  thought  of,  far  less 
held.  The  Macgregors  were  more  in  the  position  of  rebels,  whilst  Colquhoun  was 
invested  with  a  commission  from  the  King  to  apprehend  and  punish  them  for  their 
crimes,  and  the  whole  circumstances  of  the  case,  so  far  from  affording  any  ground 
to  believe  that,  at  the  close  of  the  alleged  conference,  the  Laird  of  Luss  treacherously 
attacked  the  MacGregors,  render  it  far  more  probable  that  he  himself  was  entrapped 
by  them  while  proceeding  through  the  Glen  in  execution  of  his  commission.^ 

"That  the  Macgregors  were,  in  the  present  instance,  the  aggressors  is  the 
conclusion,  to  which  we  are  led  from  the  statements  made  in  the  indictment  of 
AUaster  Macgregor,  in  which  he  was  accused  of  having  deliberately  planned  the 
destruction  of  the  Colquhouns  and  their  allies,  the  extirpation  of  their  name,  the 
plunder  of  their  lands,  and  of  having  for  the  purpose  of  carrying  out  these  plans, 
invaded  Alexander  Colquhoun's  lands  with  numerous  armed  men ;  all  of  which 
was  proved  against  him  by  a  jury  of  most  respectable  gentlemen.^  Similar  state- 
ments are  contained  in  the  indictments  of  others  who  were  tried  for  the  same 
crime,  and  in  many  acts  and  proclamations  against  the  clan.  If  the  correctness  of 
the  statement  of  the  Government  may  be  disputed,  it  is  to  be  observed  that  its 
truthfulness  is  strongly  confirmed  by  the  declaration  made  by  AUaster  Macgregor 
before  his  execution. 

"That  some  desperate  attack  upon  the  Colquhouns  was  at  this  time  con- 
templated by  the  Macgregors  appears  to  have  been  the  feeling  prevalent  throughout 
the  Lennox.  The  order  issued  by  the  town  Council  of  Dumbarton,  that  the 
burgesses  should  be  provided  with  armour,  and  be  ready  to  present  the  same  at 
the  muster,  plainly  indicates  the  apprehensions  entertained  in  that   burgh,  that 

1  The  whole  of  the  last  paragraph  is,  of  course,  only  a  matter  of  conjecture  on  the  part  of  the 
learned  Baronet ;  but  if  Luss  was  proceeding  down  the  Glen  on  the  errand  of  capturing  the 
MacGregors  by  armed  force,  could  he  be  said  to  be  entrapped  when  his  victims  turned  the  tables 
upon  him  ?  It  is  very  doubtful  whether  Glenstray  was  aware  that  the  Laird  of  Luss  had  the  King's 

^  The  gentlemen  of  the  jury  were  undoubtedly  highly  respectable,  but  not  all  of  them  impartial. 
A  list  of  them  will  be  found  in  chapter  xxvi. 

i6o3]  Conflict  of  Glenfruin  287 

danger  was  impending,  and  that  it  was  necessary  to  be  prepared  for  resisting 
some  dreaded  foe,  who  was  doubtless  the  ClanGregor. 

"  1603.  Jan.  8.  It  is  ordained  that  all  burgesses  within  the  burgh  be  sufficientlie 
furnissit  with  armor,  and  that  sik  persones  as  the  baillies  and  counsall  think 
fitt  sail  be  furnissit  with  hagbuttis,  that  they  haif  the  samyn  with  the  furnitear 
thaito,  utheris  quha  sail  be  appointit,  to  haif  jak,  speir,  and  steilbonnat,  that 
thay  be  furnissit  with  the  samyn,  and  that  the  baillies  and  counsall  on  the 
xxi  of  this  instant,  mak  ane  cathelok  of  the  saidis  personis  namis  with  thair 
armor,  and  thay  be  chargeit  to  haif  the  said  armor  redey,  and  to  present 
thame  with  the  samyn  at  muster  and  this  to  remaine  in  all  tymes  under  the 
pane  of  ten  pundis,  the  ane  half  to  the  baillie,  the  uthir  to  the  use  of  the 
burgh.  Item  that  ilk  merchand  or  craftisman,  keipand  baith  haif  ane  halbart 
within  the  samyn  under  the  pane  of  five  pundis.  Item,  that  na  burgess  be 
maid  heirefter  without  production  of  his  armor  at  his  creatioun,  and  that  he 
sweir  the  samyn  is  his  own, 

"  How  well  founded  these  apprehensions  were  was  proved  by  the  event. 
AUaster  Macgregor  of  Glenstra,  at  the  head  of  a  large  body  of  the  ClanGregor, 
with  the  addition  of  a  considerable  number  of  confederates  from  the  clans  of 
Cameron  and  Anverich,  armed  with  hagbuts,  pistols,  murrions,  mailcoats,  pow-aixes 
two-handed  swords,  bows,  darlochs,  and  other  weapons,  advanced  into  the  territory 
of  Luss.  At  that  time  there  was  no  turnpike  on  Lochlongside,  the  present  Lochlong 
road  having  since  been  made,  it  is  supposed  by  the  Duke  of  Argyll,  and  therefore 
formerly  called  'The  Duke's  road.'  There  was  however  a  tract  or  path  of  some 
kind  along  the  side  of  Lochlong  and  this  may  have  been  the  way  by  which  the 
Macgregors  came  to  Glenfruin.  To  repel  the  invader,  the  Laird  of  Luss  hastily 
collected  a  considerable  force  of  men,  whom,  under  a  royal  commission,  he  had 
raised  for  the  protection  of  the  district,  and  for  the  punishment  of  the  Macgregors. 

"The  parties  encountered  each  other  on  the  7.  of  Feb.  1603.  at  Glenfruin,  at  a 
spot,  according  to  tradition,  situated  upon  the  farm  of  Strone,  or  Auchengaich,  near 
the  sources  of  the  Fruin.  The  name  Glenfruin  which  means  the  'glen  of  sorrow' 
well  accords  with  the  sanguinary  scene  which  on  this  occasion  it  witnessed ;  but  it 
did  not  from  thence  derive  its  name.  In  charters  of  the  lands  of  Luss,  of  a  date 
previous  to  the  battle,  mention  is  made  of  Frevne.  It  forms  a  verdant  valley,  of 
considerable  length,  some  of  it  under  cultivation  with  a  deep  loamy  soil,  nearly 
half  a  mile  in  breadth  between  hills  barren  of  trees  and  shrubs,  with  the  exception 
of  here  and  there  a  thorn  or  mountain  ash,  but  whose  sides,  especially  to  the  noith 
of  the  glen,  are  covered  with  beautiful  green  pasturage  for  sheep,  instead  of  the 
brown  heather  of  the  olden  times.  The  spot  on  which  the  bloody  conflict  took 
place  is  still  pointed  out  by  tradition,  which  preserves  fresh  the  memory  of  what 

has  rendered  it  so  memorable, What  the  numbers  were  on  each  side  has 

not  been  exactly  ascertained.     The  Macgregors  have  been  estimated  by  some  at 

288  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

300  foot ;  by  others  at  400,  and  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  this  clan  could  without 
difficulty,  muster  at  least  that  number,  when  they  had  some  great  purpose  to  accom- 
plish such  as  their  taking  vengeance  on  their  enemy  the  Laird  of  Luss  would 
doubtless  be  accounted.  The  forces  of  Colquhoun  of  Luss  have  been  also 
variously  estimated,  some  probably  by  exaggeration  making  them  300  horse  and 
500  foot.  That  he  would  succeed  in  raising  in  his  own  district  including  the  town 
of  Dumbarton,  so  large  an  army  is  extremely  doubtful.  The  ground  on  which  the 
conflict  took  place  was  very  unfavourable,  both  for  the  horse  and  foot  of  the 
Colquhouns,  especially  the  former.  Surprise  has  been  expressed  that  the  Laird  of 
Luss  should  have  risked  a  conflict  with  the  enemy  in  such  a  position,  but  having 
been  entrapped  ^  he  was  placed  in  circumstances  which  gave  him  no  choice.  The 
Macgregors  assembled  in  Glenfruin  in  two  divisions,  one  of  them  at  the  head  of 
the  glen,  and  the  other  in  ambuscade  near  the  farm  of  Strone,  at  a  hollow  or  ravine 
called  the  Crate,  The  Colquhouns  came  into  Glenfruin  from  the  Luss  side, 
through  the  Glen  of  Auchengaich,  which  is  opposite  Strone,  probably  by  Glen  Luss 
and  Glen  Mackurin.  Alexander  Colquhoun  pushed  on  his  forces,  in  order  to  get 
through  the  Glen  before  encountering  the  Macgregors ;  but  aware  of  his  approach, 
Allaster  Macgregor,  the  Captain  of  the  Clan,  also  pushed  forward  one  division  of 
his  forces,  and  entered  at  the  head  of  the  glen,  in  time  to  prevent  his  enemy  from 
emerging  from  the  upper  end  of  the  glen,  whilst  his  brother,  John  Macgregor,  with 
the  division  of  his  clan  which  lay  in  ambuscade  by  a  detour,  took  the  rear  of  the 
Colquhouns,  which  prevented  their  retreat  down  the  glen  without  fighting  their  way 
through  that  section  of  the  Macgregors  who  had  got  in  their  rear.  The  success  of 
the  stratagem  by  which  the  Colquhouns  were  thus  placed  between  two  fires  seems 
to  be  the  only  way  of  accounting  for  the  terrible  slaughter  of  the  Colquhouns  and 
the  much  less  loss  of  the  Macgregors. 

"  Allaster  IMacgregor,  at  the  head  of  his  division  furiously  charged  the  Laird  of 
Luss  and  his  men.  For  a  time  the  Colquhouns  bravely  maintained  the  contest. 
An  old  weaver,  resident  in  Strome,  who  took  part  with  the  Colquhouns  is  said  to 
have  been  one  of  the  best  fighters  on  that  day.  He  is  said  to  have  killed  with  his 
own  hand  a  good  many  of  the  Macgregors  which  confutes  the  story  that  they 
suffered  so  little  at  Glenfruin  that  though  many  of  them  were  wounded,  not  more 
than  two  of  them,  during  the  whole  battle  were  killed,  which  of  course  was  im- 
possible in  such  a  conflict.  But  in  the  unfavourable  circumstances  in  which  they 
had  to  fight,  the  Colquhouns  soon  became  unable  to  maintain  their  ground,  and 

^  This  word  does  not  seem  applicable  to  the  conflict.  Luss  was  in  his  own  territory  and,  we 
are  told,  seeking  the  MacGregors  to  seize  or  otherwise  punish  them.  Luss  must  have  known  every 
inch  of  the  ground,  and  the  whole  of  the  country  people  must  have  been  on  his  side  and  could  act 
scouts  for  him.  By  a  "  Ruse  de  Guerre  "  and  superior  tactics,  Glenstray's  force  was  divided  into 
two  divisions,  and  succeeded  in  hemming  in  the  Colquhouns  between  them,  but  Luss  can  hardly 
have  been  taken  altogether  unawares. — Ed. 

i6o3]  Conflict  of  Glenfruin  289 

falling  into  a  moss  at  the  farm  of  Auchengaich,  they  were  thrown  into  disorder,  and 
being  now  at  the  mercy  of  the  Macgregors,  who  taking  advantage  of  the  confusion 
killed  many  of  them,  they  made  a  hasty  and  disorderly  retreat,  which  proved  even 
more  disastrous  than  the  conflict ;  for  they  had  to  force  their  way  through  the  men 
led  by  John  Macgregor,  whilst  they  were  pursued  behind  by  Allaster,  who,  reuniting 
the  two  divisions  of  his  army  continued  the  pursuit.  But  even  in  the  flight  there 
were  instances  of  intrepidity  on  the  part  of  the  Colquhouns.  One  of  them  when 
pressed  hard  by  some  of  the  Macgregors  as  he  fled  from  the  scene  of  battle,  on 
reaching  the  Coinach,  a  black,  deep  whirling  pool  or  linn  of  the  water  of  Finlas  in 
Shantron  Glen,  with  steep,  almost  perpendicular  banks,  on  both  sides,  rising  to  a 
height  of  at  least  120  feet  above  the  pool  at  the  bottom,  where  the  rays  of  the  sun 
never  penetrate,  and  where  the  sky  is  scarcely  ever  visible  overhead,  by  a  desperate 
effort  at  once  jumped  the  frightful  chasm.  None  of  the  Macgregors  ventured  to 
follow  him  by  making  the  perilous  leap.  The  Colquhoun  immediately  turned 
round,  drew  an  arrow  from  his  quiver,  and  shot  the  nearest  of  his  pursuers  as  he 
stood  perplexed  and  baffled  on  the  opposite  brink,  and  then  made  his  escape 
without  further  molestation.  Whoever  fell  into  the  hands  of  the  victors  even  de- 
fenceless women  and  children,  were  remorselessly  put  to  death.  The  Chief  of  the 
Colquhouns  was  chased  to  the  very  door  of  the  Castle  of  Rossdhu,  whose  loop- 
holed  walls,  six  feet  in  thickness,  afforded  a  secure  refuge  ;  and  his  horse,  while 
leaping  over  a  fall  or  gully  not  far  from  Rossdhu,  was  killed  under  him  by  a 
Macgregor.  The  ruins  of  the  castle  are  still  to  be  seen  near  the  present  more 
modern  mansion.  In  the  flight  the  Laird  of  Bucklyvie  was  killed  by  the  Macgregors 
at  the  farm  of  Ballemenoch  or  Middle  Kilbride,  at  the  eastern  entrance  of  Glen- 
fruin ;  and  the  small  rivulet,  which  is  a  tributary  to  the  Fruin,  is  called  Buchlyvie's 
Burn  to  this  day.  from  the  Laird's  having  been  killed  there." 

We  deem  it  unnecessary  to  quote  any  passages  from  Chalmers  "  Cale- 
donia," because  the  same  information  is  to  be  found  elsewhere,  and  that 
author  evinces  throughout,  what  appears  to  be  a  personal  spite  against  the 

"  From  the  Chartulary  "  : — 

"  Conflict  of  Glenfruin. 

"  1603.  Feb.  18.  In  a  summons  by  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss  against  Sir 
Duncan  Campbell  of  Glenurchy  as  cautioner  for  certain  of  the  aggressors  of 
Glenfruin,  the  following  narrative  of  the  battle  occurs. 

"  Vpoun  the  aucht  day  of  Feb.  instant  (the  Clangregor)  with  thair  dis- 
orderit  complices  thevis  sornaris  and  lymnaries  of  thair  clan,  friendship  and 
assistance,  all  bodin  in  feir  of  weir  with  halberchois,  powaixis,  twa  handit 
2  O 

290  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

suordis  bowis  and  arrowis  and  vtharis  waponis  invasive,  and  with  hagbuttis 
and  pistoletis  prohibite  to  be  worn  be  the  lawis  of  our  realme  and  actis  of 
parliament  come  upon  fair  daylicht  within  the  landis  of  the  barony  of  Luss 
Kilbryde  and  Finnart  pertening  to  the  said  complenaris  freindis  and  tenantis 
thair  wyfis  and  bairnis  duelland  vpon  the  saidis  landis  to  the  nowmer  of 
sevinscoir  personis  or  therby.  and  brunt  and  distroyit  the  said  complenaris 
haill  cornis  wictuellis  barnis  and  girnellis  cattell  and  guidis  being  within  the 
saidis  houssis  and  herreit  the  saidis  haill  landis  and  reft  and  away  tuke  furth 
thirof  sax  hundreth  heid  of  ky  pryce  of  the  pice  overhead  xx  merkis  ane 
thousand  scheip  price  of  the  pice  overheid  i  shillings  ane  thousand  gait  price 
of  the  pice  xl  shillings  and  hundred  hors  and  meiris  pryce  of  the  pice  our 
heid  xxxlib. — Luss  Col." 

Chapter  XXIV 

Conflict  of  Glenfruin 

THE  world-wide  celebrity  of  the  writings  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  whose 
sympathetic  mind  caught  the  fire  of  Highland  adventure  and  was 
able  to  reflect  it  back  into  the  hearts  of  thousands  who  never  saw  the 
scenes,  or  knew  the  Highland  people,  has  led  to  implicit  belief  in  all  that 
he  has  narrated,  although  it  was  his  avowed  purpose  to  mix  romance  with 
history,  and  the  congenial  materials  which  he  wove  into  his  brilliant  pages 
were  derived  from  various  informants  and  mingled  sources.  Sir  Walter's 
account  of  the  Battle  of  Glenfruin  as  given  in  the  introduction  to  "  Rob 
Roy"  must  ever  be  interesting,  and  therefore  it  is  here  copied  verbatim. 

"  Other  occasions  frequently  occurred,  in  which  the  MacGregors  testified  con- 
tempt for  the  laws,  from  which  they  had  often  experienced  severity,  but  never  pro- 
tection. Though  they  were  gradually  deprived  of  their  possessions,  and  of  all 
ordinary  means  of  procuring  subsistence,  they  could  not  nevertheless,  be  supposed 
likely  to  starve  of  famine  while  they  had  the  means  of  taking  from  strangers  what 
they  considered  as  rightfully  their  own.  Hence  they  became  versed  in  predatory 
forays,  and  accustomed  to  bloodshed.  Their  passions  were  eager,  and  with  a  little 
management  on  the  part  of  some  of  their  most  powerful  neighbours,  they  could 
easily  be  hounded  out,  to  use  an  expressive  Scotch  phrase,  to  commit  violence,  of 
which  the  wily  instigators  took  the  advantage,  and  left  the  ignorant  MacGregors  an 
undivided  portion  of  blame  and  punishment.  This  policy  of  pushing  on  the  fierce 
Clans  of  the  Highlands  and  Borders  to  break  the  peace  of  the  country,  is  accounted 
by  the  historian  one  of  the  most  dangerous  practices  of  his  own  period,  in  which  the 
MacGregors  were  considered  as  ready  agents. 

"  Notwithstanding  these  severe  denunciations,  which  were  acted  upon  in  the 
same  spirit  in  which  they  were  conceived,  some  of  the  Clan  still  possessed  property, 
and  the  Chief  of  the  name  in  1592,  is  designed  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstrae. 
He  is  said  to  have  been  a  brave  and  active  man ;  but  from  the  tenor  of  his  con- 
fession at  his  death,  appears  to  have  been  engaged  in  many  and  desperate  feuds, 

292  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

one  of  which  finally  proved  fatal  to  himself  and  many  of  his  followers.  This  was 
the  celebrated  conflict  at  Glenfruin,  near  the  south-western  extremity  of  Loch 
Lomond,  in  the  vicinity  of  which  the  MacGregors  continued  to  exercise  much 
authority  by  the  *  coir  a  glaive,'  ^  or  right  of  the  strongest,  which  we  have  already 

"There  had  been  a  long  and  bloody  feud  betwixt  the  MacGregors  and  the 
Laird  of  Luss,  head  of  the  family  of  Colquhoun,  a  powerful  race  on  the  lower  part 
of  Loch  Lomond.  The  MacGregors'  tradition  affirms  that  the  quarrel  began  on  a 
very  trifling  subject.  Two  of  the  MacGregors  being  benighted,  asked  shelter  in  a 
house  belonging  to  a  dependent  of  the  Colquhouns,  and  were  refused.  They  then 
retreated  to  an  outhouse,  took  a  wedder  from  the  fold,  killed  it  and  supped  off  the 
carcase,  for  which  it  is  said  they  offered  payment  to  the  proprietor.  The  Laird  of 
Luss  seized  on  the  offenders,  and,  by  the  summary  process  which  feudal  barons 
had  then  at  their  command,  had  them  both  condemned  and  executed.^  The 
MacGregors  verify  this  account  of  the  feud  by  appealing  to  a  proverb  current 
amongst  them,  execrating  the  hour  (Mult  dhu  an  CarbaiP  ghil)  that  'the  black 
wedder  with  the  white  tail '  was  ever  lambed.  To  avenge  this  quarrel  the  Laird  of 
MacGregor  assembled  his  clan,  to  the  number  of  three  or  four  hundred  men,  and 
marched  towards  Luss  from  the  banks  of  Loch  Long,  by  a  pass  called  Raid 
(Ruidh)  na  Gael  or  the  Highlandman's  pass. 

"  Sir  Humphrey  Colquhoun  received  early  notice  of  this  incursion,  and  collected 
a  strong  force,  more  than  twice  the  number  of  that  of  the  invaders.  He  had  with 
him  the  gentlemen  of  the  name  of  Buchanan,  with  the  Grahams,  and  other  gentry 
of  the  Lennox,  and  a  party  of  the  citizens  of  Dumbarton,  under  command  of 
Tobias  Smollett,  a  magistrate  or  bailie  of  that  town  and  ancestor  of  the  celebrated 

"  The  parties  met  in  the  valley  of  Glenfruin,  which  signifies  Glen  of  sorrow — a 
name  that  seemed  to  anticipate  the  event  of  the  day,  which,  fatal  to  the  conquered 
party,  was  at  least  equally  so  to  the  victors,  the  '  babe  unborn '  of  the  Clan  Alpine 
having  reason  to  repent  it.  The  MacGregors  somewhat  discouraged  by  the  sight 
of  a  force  much  superior  to  their  own,  were  cheered  on  to  the  attack  by  a  seer,  or 
second-sighted  person,  who  professed  that  he  saw  the  shrouds  of  the  dead  wrapt 
around  their  principal  opponents.  The  clan  charged  with  great  fury  on  the  front 
of  the  enemy,  while  John  MacGregor,  with  a  strong  party,  made  an  unexpected 

^  Right  of  the  Sword. 

'^  This  tradition,  given  more  fully  in  the  previous  chapter,  page  281,  appears  extremely 
probable,  in  addition  to  the  other  circumstances  as  to  Argyle  (see  page  321).  There  was  no  ancient 
feud  with  the  Colquhouns,  and  even  after  the  conflict,  on  the  MacGregor  side,  there  was  no  feeling 
of  old  grudge. 

*  This  word,  meaning  tail  in  Gaelic,  should  be  "earball,"  the  first  letter  has  evidently  slipped 
into  "c"  through  reprints. 

Sir  Walter  Scott's  Account  of  the  Conflict  293 

attack  on  the  flank.  A  great  part  of  the  Colquhoun's  force  consisted  in  cavalry, 
which  could  not  act  in  the  boggy  ground.  They  were  said  to  have  disputed  the 
field  manfully,  but  were  at  length  completely  routed,  and  a  merciless  slaughter  was 
exercised  on  the  fugitives,  of  whom  betwixt  two  and  three  hundred  fell  on  the  field 
and  in  the  pursuit.  If  the  MacGregors  lost,  as  is  averred,  only  two  men  slain  in 
action,  they  had  slight  provocation  for  an  indiscriminate  massacre.  It  is  said  that 
their  fury  extended  itself  to  a  party  of  students  for  clerical  orders,  who  had 
imprudently  come  to  see  the  battle.  Some  doubt  is  thrown  on  this  fact  from  the 
indictment  against  the  chief  of  the  ClanGregor  being  silent  on  the  subject,  as  is  the 
historian  Johnston,  and  a  Professor  Ross,  who  wrote  an  account  of  the  battle 
twenty-nine  years  after  it  was  fought.  It  is  however  constantly  averred  by  the 
tradition  of  the  country,  and  a  stone  where  the  deed  was  done  is  called  '  Leek  a 
Mhinisteir,'  the  Minister  or  clerk's  flag  stone.  The  MacGregors  impute  this  cruel 
action  to  the  ferocity  of  a  single  man  of  their  tribe,  renowned  for  size  and 
strength,  called  Dugald,  Ciar  Mhor,i  or  the  great  mouse-coloured  Man.  He  was 
MacGregor's  foster  brother,  and  the  Chief  committed  the  youths  to  his  charge, 
with  directions  to  keep  them  safely  till  the  affray  was  over.  Whether  fearful  of 
their  escape  or  incensed  by  some  sarcasms  which  they  threw  at  his  tribe,  or 
whether  out  of  mere  thirst  of  blood,  this  savage,  while  the  other  MacGregors  were 
engaged  in  pursuit,  poniarded  his  helpless  and  defenceless  prisoners.  When  the 
Chieftain,  on  his  return  demanded  where  the  youths  were,  the  Ciar  Mhor  drew  out 
his  bloody  dirk,  saying  in  Gaelic,  '  Ask  that,  and  God  save  me.'  The  latter  words 
allude  to  the  exclamation  which  his  victims  used  when  he  was  murdering  them. 
It  would  seem  therefore  that  this  horrible  part  of  the  story  is  founded  on  fact, 
though  the  number  of  the  youths  so  slain  is  probably  exaggerated  in  Lowland 
accounts.  The  common  people  say  that  the  blood  of  the  Ciar  Mhor's  victims  can 
never  be  washed  off"  the  stone.  When  MacGregor  learnt  their  fate,  he  expressed 
the  utmost  horror  at  the  deed,  and  upbraided  his  foster-brother  with  having  done 
that  which  would  occasion  the  destruction  of  him  and  his  Clan.  The  homicide 
was  the  ancestor  of  Rob  Roy,^  and  the  tribe  from  which  he  was  descended.  He 
lies  buried  at  the  church  of  Fortingal,  where  his  sepulchre,  covered  with  a  large 
stone,  is  still  shown,  and  where  his  great  strength  and  courage  are  the  theme  of 
many  traditions. 

"MacGregor's  brother  was  one  of  the  very  few  of  the  tribe  who  were  slain. 
He  was  JDuried  near  the  field  of  battle,  and  the  place  is  marked  by  a  rude  stone 
called  the  Grey  Stone  of  MacGregor. 

"Sir  Humphrey^  Colquhoun,  well  mounted,  escaped  for  the  time  to  the  castle 

1  The  name  is  confused  with  that  of  a  distant  ancestor ;  the  MacGregors  do  not  acknowledge 
that  such  a  deed  was  done,  and  do  not  impute  it  to  anyone  of  the  Clan. 

2  This  statement  is  also  erroneous. 

*  See  next  page  for  correction  of  this  name  and  statement. 

294  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

of  Banochar,  or  Benechra.  It  proved  no  sure  defence  however,  for  he  was  shortly 
after  murdered  in  a  vault  of  the  castle, — the  family  annals  say  by  the  MacGregors, 
though  other  accounts  charge  the  deed  upon  the  MacFarlanes." 

"  Note  by  Sir  Walter  Scott. — The  above  is  the  account  which  I  find  in  a 
manuscript  history  of  the  clan  MacGregor,  of  which  I  was  indulged  with  a  perusal  by 
Donald  MacGregor,  Esq.^  late  Major  of  the  33rd  Regiment,  where  great  pains  have 
been  taken  to  collect  traditions  and  written  documents  concerning  the  family. 
But  an  ancient  and  constant  tradition,  preserved  among  the  inhabitants  of  the 
country,  and  particularly  those  of  the  clan  MacFarlane,  relieves  Dugald  Ciar  Mhor 
of  the  guilt  of  murdering  the  youths,  and  lays  the  blame  on  a  certain  Donald  or 
Duncan  Lean,  who  performed  the  act  of  cruelty,  with  the  assistance  of  a  gillie  who 
attended  him,  named  Charlioch  or  Charlie.  They  say  that  the  homicides  dared 
not  again  join  their  clan,  but  that  they  resided  in  a  wild  and  solitary  state  as 
outlaws,  in  an  unfrequented  part  of  the  MacFarlane's  territory.  Here  they  lived 
for  some  time  undisturbed,  till  they  committed  an  act  of  brutal  violence  on  two 
defenceless  women,  a  mother  and  daughter  of  the  MacFarlane  clan.  In  revenge 
for  this  atrocity,  the  MacFarlanes  hunted  them  down,  and  shot  them.  It  is  said 
that  the  younger  ruffian,  Charlioch,  might  have  escaped,  being  remarkably  swift  of 
foot.  But  his  crime  became  his  punishment,  for  the  female  whom  he  had  outraged 
had  defended  herself  desperately,  and  had  stabbed  him  with  his  own  dirk  on  the 
thigh.  He  was  lame  from  the  wound,  and  the  more  easily  overtaken  and  killed. 
I  incline  to  think  that  this  last  is  the  true  edition  of  the  story,  and  that  the  guilt 
was  transferred  to  Dougal  Ciar  Mhor  as  a  man  of  higher  name,  or  it  is  possible 
these  subordinate  persons  had  only  executed  his  orders." — Introduction  to  "  Rob 
Roy,"  1829. 

The  preceding-  account  of  the  Battle  of  Glenfruin  by  Sir  Walter  Scott 
falls  into  the  error  of  dates  to  be  found  in  the  article  on  Colquhoun  in 
Douglas's  "  Baronage,"  ^  which  is  understood  to  have  been  written  by 
Crawford,  the  Peerage  writer,  and  was  apparently  taken  from  a  MS. 
History  in  the  Colquhoun  family.  It  has  been  shown  from  the  "  Chiefs 
of  Colquhoun,"  that  while  Sir  Humphrey  met  his  death  in  the  Castle  of 
Bannachra,  by  a  raid  of  Macfarlanes  only,  so  far  as  can   be  proved,  in 

^  Who  afterwards  purchased  Balnald  in  Strathardle ;  the  MS.  History  perused  by  Sir  Walter 
Scott,  we  are  informed  by  Alex.  MacGregor,  Esq.,  Crossbill,  Glasgow  (grand-nephew  of  Major 
Donald),  has  been  lost.  It  is  supposed  that  the  tradition  as  to  the  students  may  have  been  collected 
whilst  Major  Donald  was  quartered  at  Roscneath  in  1824. 

^  In  the  article  on  MacGregor  in  Douglas's  "Baronage,"  explanation  is  made  that  Humphrey, 
Laird  of  Luss,  was  not  murdered  after  Glenfruin — Buchannan  stating  that  ^he  was  "  killed  in 
Benechra  Castle  by  the  Macfarlanes,  through  influence  of  a  certain  nobleman  whom  Luss  had 
disobliged."    See  also  chapter  xx.,  pages  233-4. 

Alleged  Slaughter  of  Students         295 

1592,  it  was  in  the  time  of  his  brother  and  successor,  Alexander,  that  the 
conflict  of  Glenfruin  took  place  on  the  7th  Feb.  1603,  and  it  also  appears 
that  the  display  of  shirts  to  excite  the  King's  indignation  followed  the 
smaller  raid  of  Glenfinlas  of  the  7th  Dec.  1603.  The  picturesque  account 
of  the  procession  of  the  widows,  mention  is  only  made  of  two  men  slain, 
is  given  by  Sir  Walter  after  the  recital  of  the  alleged  affair  of  the  murder 
of  the  students,  with  these  few  words  preceding  it : — 

"  This  battle  of  Glenfruin,  and  the  severity  which  the  victors  exercised  in  the 
pursuit,  was  reported  to  King  James  VI.  in  a  manner  most  unfavourable  to  the 
ClanGregor,  whose  general  character  being  that  of  lawless  though  brave  men,  could 
not  much  avail  them  in  such  a  case.  That  James  might  fully  understand  the 
extent  of  the  slaughter,  the  widows  of  the  slain,  &a."  ^ 

We  have  now  to  consider  more  particularly  the  accusation  of  the 
murder  of  the  defenceless  students.  Sir  Walter  quotes  an  account  from 
traditional  sources,  collected  by  the  late  Major  Donald  MacGregor  of 
Balnald.     Sir  William  Fraser  repeats  this,  and  adds  a  few  particulars : — 

"On  the  memorable  day  of  the  conflict  of  Glenfruin,  according  to  the  tradition 
of  the  country,  a  number  of  youths  who,  from  mere  curiosity  had  come  from  the 
Grammar  School  of  Dumbarton  to  witness  the  battle  that  was  expected  to  take 
place,  were  massacred  in  cold  blood  by  one  of  the  Clan  Macgregor.  The  boys 
came  along  the  ridge  of  the  high  hills  on  the  south  side  of  the  Fruin  called  the 
Highland  road ;  and  they  were  shut  up  for  safety  in  a  hut  or  barn,  to  the  west  of 
the  battle  on  Greenfield  Moor,  under  the  charge  of  a  Highlander,  who,  on  seeing 
the  MacGregors  successful,  stabbed  them  with  his  dirk  one  by  one  as  they  came 
out  of  this  place  of  shelter.     The  site  of  the  barn  is  still  pointed  out  at  a  spot 

called  Lach  na  faul,  or  Lagnagaul,  '  hollow  of  the  Lowlander.' It  is 

worthy  of  notice  that  this  atrocious  massacre  forms  no  part  of  the  charges  in  the 
indictment  of  any  of  the  MacGregors  who  were  tried  before  the  High  Court  of 
Justiciary  on  account  of  the  raid  of  Glenfruin,  or  '  The  field  and  murder  of  Lennox,' 
as  that  conflict  is  sometimes  called.  But  some  colour  of  truth  seems  to  be  given 
to  the  tradition  by  an  act  of  Privy  Council  5.  Jan.  1609.  in  which  Allan  Oig 
M''Intnach,2  in  Glencoe,  is  accused  of  having,  while  with  the  ClanGregor  in 
Glenfruin,  '  with  his  awne  hand  murdered  without  pity  the  number  of  fourtie  poor 
persons  who  were  naked  and  without  armour.' 

1  See  page  285,  where  this  account  is  given  from  the  quotation  in  "  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun." 

2  A  misspelling  for  "  Mac  an  Tuagh,"  '•  Son  of  the  Axe." 

296  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

"Sir  William  also  quotes  in  a  footnote  'The  barn  of  Blairvadden  in  the 
dukedom  of  Lennox  was  burnt  by  the  Macgregors  in  Feb.  1603  as  appears  from 
the  records  of  the  Privy  Seal  28  July  1612.  and  21  Dec.  1613.'  In  the  Records 
there  is  no  allusion  to  any  persons  having  been  killed  or  even  injured  on  that 
occasion.  Sir  William  adds  the  following  remark  '  Nor  do  the  MacGregors  deny 
that  the  story  is  founded  on  fact ;  but  they  affirm  that  the  Clan  as  a  body  execrated 
the  crime,  and  they  impute  it  to  the  ferocity  of  one  of  their  tribe,  Dugald  Ciar  mhor, 
&a  &a.'  " 

The  original  Dougal  Ciar  died  many  years  before  the  date  of  Glenfruin, 
though  one  of  his  descendants  at  that  time  bore  the  name  of  Dougal,  with 
the  patronymic  belonging  to  his  house,  Dougal  M'^Coulcheir,  but  there  is 
no  evidence  against  him.  We  cannot  assent  to  the  statement  that  Mac- 
Gregors do  not  deny  the  story.  On  the  contrary,  it  may  be  confidently 
asserted  that  there  is  no  proof,  or  even  probability,  that  any  MacGregor 
was  concerned  in  the  deed.  Turning  to  the  "  Baronage  "  under  the  article 
of  MacGregor  we  may  see  what  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray's  views  were 
on  the  subject ; — 

"It  has  been  industriously  reported,  that  one  Cameron,  a  servant  of  Mac- 
Gregor's  had  murdered  a  number  of  boys  the  sons  of  gentlemen  of  distinction,  who 
were  on  their  way  to  the  school  of  Dumbarton,  or  had  come  to  see  the  fight ;  the 
following  reasons  may  be  sufficient  to  discredit  these  reports  : — 

"  I.  That  we  had  few  or  no  very  young  scholars  in  these  days,  they  were 
generally  young  men  from  15  to  25.  and  of  course  capable  of  bearing  arms. 

"  2,  Glenfruin,  about  six  miles  in  length  Hes  beyond  large  mountains,  at  a 
distance  of  several  miles  from,  and  far  off  any  road  leading  to  Dumbarton; 
and  as  the  fight  was  at  the  farthest  end  of  the  Glen,  which  was  then  entirely  wild  and 
uninhabited  so  it  is  totally  incredible  that  the  scholars  should  have  been  there 
accidentally  or  that  any  boys,  much  less  the  sons  of  gentlemen  of  distinction, 
should  walk  so  many  miles  to  school,  across  such  hills. 

"3.  Professor  Ross,  who  wrote  an  accurate  account  of  the  battle  in  the 
course  of  the  history  of  another  family,  about  29  years  after  it  was  fought, 
when  the  truth  or  falsity  of  the  report  must  have  been  well  known,  does  not 
mention  such ;  nor  does  Mr  Johnston,  who  about  20  years  after  Mr  Ross, 
wrote  a  detail  of  the  battle,  and  who  as  he  was  employed  to  traduce  the  Mac- 
Gregors, Macdonalds,  and  Macleans,  and  write  the  eulogiums  of  their  enemies, 
would  not  have  omitted  a  circumstance  which  if  true  would  have  afforded 
him  such  a  field  of  declamation  against  this  Clan ;  nor  is  there  any  such  cruelty 

Glenstray's  March  to  Glenfruin         297 

even   hinted   at   in  the  preamble   or  any  other  part   of  the  Act  of  Parliament 
afterwards  made  against  them, 

"  4.  Since  neither  Mr  Ross  nor  Mr  Johnstone  mention  it,  it  is  clear  no  such 
report  prevailed  in  those  days  and  therefore  it  was  trumped  up  of  a  later  date 
to  serve  certain  purposes  of  the  enemies  of  the  MacGregors,  or  if  there  were 
any  scholars  they  must  have  been  such  as  had  followed  their  friends  as  volunteers 
to  the  battle  and  shared  the  fate  of  the  day." 

It  may  be  readily  granted  that  local  traditions  have  usually  some 
grains  of  truth,  although  names  of  personages  are  apt  to  get  mixed  up 
with  personal  prejudices  in  their  transmission  from  past  generations.  It 
seems  probable  that  a  calamity  happened  to  some  unarmed  persons  after 
the  fight,  whether  by  the  hand  of  a  M'^Lean,  a  Cameron,  a  M'^Intuagh,  or 
a  MacGregor  remains  undecided,  but  the  latter,  for  reasons  already  stated 
as  to  the  readiness  with  which  guilt  would  have  been  attached  to  one  of 
the  Clan  on  their  trial,  is  most  improbable.  Whoever  may  have  been  the 
criminal  (if  such  there  were)  the  act  was  that  of  a  single  individual  apart 
from  any  clan.^ 

Whilst  regretting  such  carnage,  as  there  may  have  been  in  the  eager- 
ness of  pursuit,  in  days  when  quarter  was  seldom  asked  or  given  and  the 
victors  were  of  an  excitable  race,  peculiarly  liable  to  the  "  madness  of 
battle"  (as  it  was  called),  yet  MacGregors  cannot  read  of  the  conflict 
without  just  pride  in  the  admirable  generalship  of  the  two  Glenstray 
brothers,  and  in  the  valour  of  the  Clan  which  carried  the  day  against 
such  great  odds. 

Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray  had  a  holding  in  Rannoch,  and  it 
was  from  thence  that  he  started  for  the  Colquhoun  country.  Dwelling  on 
the  Sliosmin  side  of  Loch  Rannoch  {i.e.,  the  north  side  under  Menzies 
of  Menzies,  the  Laird  of  Weem),  he  probably  first  crossed  the  Gaur 
Water  by  the  Ferry  called  Tighnalinne,  a  little  above  the  head  of  the 
Loch,  thence  across  the  hill  by  Lairig  Mheachdainn  (an  old  Gaelic  word 
for  twigs  or  branches)  to  near  Pubil,  towards  the  head  of  Glenlyon,  thence 
by  a  pass  called  Lairig  nan  Lunn^  to  Glenlochay,  striking  that  glen  about 

^  See  chapter  XXVIII.,  where  the  apprehension  of  Alan  Mac  an  Tuagh  on  the  3rd  January  1609 
is  recorded. 

2  "  Lunn"  means  the  poles  or  staves  on  which  a  coffin  is  borne. 

2  P 

298  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

eight  miles  above  Killin,  thence  up  that  glen  to  near  its  head  and 
across  the  ridge  to  Strathfillan  at  Crianlarich,  down  Glenfalloch  to  the 
head  of  Loch  Lomond,  and  from  Tarbet  on  Loch  Lomond  through 
the  Pass  of  Arrochar  to  Loch  Long.^  Glenstray  had  allies  in  the 
M'^Farlanes  of  Arroquhar,  and  we  know  from  the  indictment  against  his 
own  clansmen,  the  tribe  of  Dougal  Ciar,  that  they  (whose  dwelling  was  in 
Balquhidder)  convoyed  him  to  "the  syd  of  Lochloun,"  from  whence  by 
Gairlochhead  he  would  strike  off  Strone  in  Glenfruin.  The  march  must  have 
occupied  several  of  the  cold,  misty  days  of  February.  The  wives  and  bairns 
doubtless  watched  these  "  pretty  men  "  all  starting  in  their  warlike  array, 
and  many  an  anxious  heart  must  have  been  left  amongst  their  womenkind, 
although  trained  to  courage  and  endurance.  Happily,  however,  they  could 
not  foresee  the  calamities  which  victory  was  to  bring  upon  them.  In  what- 
ever light  the  case  may  appear  in  these  days  when  the  power  and  justice 
of  law  are  established,  and  when  all  things  work  comfortably  for  the 
nation  at  large,  yet  when  the  ClanGregor  sallied  forth  in  strength  that 
wintry  morning,  whether  for  an  intended  conference  or  for  mortal  combat, 
it  was  under  a  deep  sense  of  wrong  done  to  them  and  of  bitter  persecution. 
Few,  if  any,  of  these  warriors  returned,  and  worse  times  than  any  yet 
experienced  in  their  struggling  existence,  were  to  follow  the  ill-starred 
success  of  their  arms. 

1  Assistance  in  tracing  the  probable  route  has  been  kindly  given  by  Mr  John  Robertson,  Old 
Blair,  Blair  AthoU,  himself  a  Rannoch  man. 

Chapter  XXV 

Letters  and  Charges  following  Glenfruin 

T7ROM  the  "  Chartulary  "  :— 

"1603.  Feb.  Messengers  sent  with  letters  charging  the  Sheriffs  of  Perth  and 
Stirhng  and  their  deputes,  the  Steward  of  Monteith,  and  the  Laird  of  Glenurquhay 
to  convocate,  and  assemble  the  haill  inhabitants  within  their  bounds  and  com- 
mandment, in  arms,  and  to  keep  thair  saidis  bounds  from  the  invasion  of  the 
ClanGregor  under  the  pain  to  be  repute  as  airt  and  pairt  takers  with  them  in  all 
thair  wicked  deeds. 

"  Letters  also  to  charge  Mr  George  Lindsay  minister  at  Kilmahew,  James 
(Dennistoun)  of  Cowgrane,  William  Nobill  of  Ardardane,  &a  and  Johne  Bunteine 
appeirand  of  Ardoch  to  compeir  before  the  Council  the  8.  day  of  March  next  to 
testify  what  they  knew  anent  the  slaying  of  such  as  were  commanded  to  resist  the 

"  Letters  also  to  charge  the  Lairds  of  Glenurquhy,  Tullibardin,  Lords 
Drummond,  Incheafray,  Lawers,  Strowane,  Wemye,  Glenlyoun,  Glennageis,  Garne- 
tullie,  Abercainy,  baroun  of  Bordland,  barroun  of  Combrie,  John  Stewart  of  Fossa, 
and  Murray  of  Auchtertyre,  to  compeir  personally  before  the  Council  the  19,  day 
of  March  next.  And  to  bring,  present  and  enter  certain  particular  persons  of  the 
MacGregors,  their  men,  and  tenants,  to  answer  for  the  late  barbarous  and  horrible 
murder  committed  by  them,  in  the  Lennox,  And  with  letters  to  be  published  at 
the  market  crosses  of  Perth  charging  the  Laird  of  MacGregor,  and  the  remanent 
of  his  race,  to  compeir  personally  before  the  Council  the  29.  day  of  March  next  to 
come ;  To  answer  for  the  late  horrible  and  monstrous  barbarity  used  by  them  in 
the  Lennox  And  with  Lettres  to  be  published  at  the  said  market  cross,  inhibiting 
all  our  sovereign  lord's  lieges,  that  none  of  them  resett,  supply,  nor  show  comfort  to 
any  of  the  MacGregors,  or  resett  their  goods,  and  to  inhibit  the  transporting  of  any 
of  them  to  the  Isles. 

"Letters  also  to  charge  the  Duke  of  Lennox,  the  Earls  of  Argyle,  Mar,  Glen- 
came,  Linlithgow,  the  Lairds  of  Buchannane,  Luss,  Ardkinglas,  Glenageis,  Keir, 
Merchinstoun,  Kirkhill,  Cambusmoir,  Sir  James  Chisholme,  and  David  Grahame, 

300  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

as  masters  and  landlords  to  certain  particular  persons  of  the  MacGregors,  to  enter 
and  present  them  before  the  Council  the  29.  day  of  Marche  next  to  answer  for 
their  barbarity  under  the  pain  of  rebellion.  And  with  letters  to  be  published  at  the 
market  crosses  of  Dumbarton,  Stirling,  and  Inverara,  charging  the  Laird  of 
MacGregor  and  the  Remanent  of  his  clan  to  compeir  the  said  day  to  answer  for  their 
said  barbarity  under  the  pain  of  rebellion  And  with  Letters  to  be  published 
at  the  said  market  crosses  inhibiting  the  resett  of  the  said  persons  of  their  goods. 

"  1603.  Feb  10.  Protection  in  favour  of  Robert  Campbell  '  son  of  Sir  Duncan 
Campbell  of  Glenurquhy  Knicht '  prosecuted  by  Donald  Menteith  of  Carquhine  as 
having  charge  in  his  father's  absence  of  his  men  tenants  &a  to  produce  Gregour 
Ammonach  in  Glenlednoch  to  answer  for  stealing  3  cows  and  2  oxen,  aucht  zeir 
syne;  Pursuer  not  appearing  Campbell  protests  that  he  is  not  answerable  and 
Protest  admitted. 

"  March.  Letters  to  charge  John  Earll  of  Atholl  to  enter  his  person  in  ward 
within  the  castle  of  Blackness  within  four  days  after  the  charge,  under  the  pain  of 
rebellion.  And  with  letters  to  charge  all  and  sundry  our  sovereign  Lords  lieges 
dwelling  in  the  bounds  of  the  Earldom  of  Atholl  and  Braes  of  Angus  That  they 
address  themselves  with  one  months  provision  to  convene  and  meet  at  the  head  of 
Loch  Rannoch  upon  the  6.  of  April  next  And  there  concur  with  the  remanent 
forces  appointed  for  pursuit  of  the  barbarous  ClanGregor  or  else  that  they  send  out 
three  score  men  well  provided  with  a  Captain  and  commander  over  them ;  under 
pain  of  tinsall  of  life,  lands,  &a  Also  Letters  to  the  Duke  of  Lennox  the  Earl 
of  Argyll  and  Laird  of  Glenurchy. 

"1603.  March    17.     At  Edinburgh.     Aulay   M'^aulay   of  Ardincaple  and  his 

sureties  were  ordered  to  compear  to  answer  for  '  ressett,  supplie,  and  inter- 

cowmoning,'  with  Glenstray  and  his  brother  and  for  not  '  rising  ye  fray '  and 

following  the  MacGregors  '  in  yair  incoming  in  ye  cuntrey  of  ye  Lennox.' 

The  same  day  the  said  Aulay  M'^Cuallay  caution  for  relief  of  AUaster  M'^Gregor 

of  Lagarie." 

The  volumes  of  the  Register  of  the  Privy  Council  belonging  to  this 

period  have  unfortunately  been  lost  for  many  years,  but  the  follovi^ing  entry 

from  the  published  edition  of  the  Register  explains  best  all  that  is  known 

about  an  Act  against  the  ClanGregor  which  was  now  formulated. 

"  1603.  April  3.     To  ....  Sunday  has  been  ascribed, the  famous 

Act  of  Council  proscribing  the  Clan  Macgregor  and  abolishing  their  very 
name.  Though  from  the  loss  of  the  volumes  of  the  Register  of  Council 
carrying  affairs  from  Feb.  1603  to  August  1606,  the  official  copy  of 
this  famous  Act  has  not  been  preserved,  there  can  be  no  doubt  as  to 
its  date,  inasmuch  as  it  is  cited  thus  in  the  preamble  to  a  subsequent 
Act  of  Parliament  relating  to  the  MacGregors  in  161 7  : — '  Cure  Soverane 

6o3]  Letters  and  Charges  following  Glenfruin  301 

Lord  and  Esttaittis  of  this  present  parliament  remembering  how  that 
his  sacred  Majestye  being  verie  justlie  moved  with  a  haterent  and  de- 
testatioun  of  the  barbarous  murtheris  and  insolencies  committit  be  ther 
Clangregoure  upoun  his  Majestiyes  peciable  and  goode  subjectis  of  the 
Lennox  at  Glenfrone  in  the  moneth  of  Feb.  1603.  and  how  that  the 
bair  and  simple  name  of  MacGregour  maid  that  haill  Clane  to  presume 
of  their  power,  force,  and  strengthe,  and  did  encourage  thame,  without 
reverence  of  the  law  or  fear  of  punischement,  to  go  fordward  in  thair 
iniquities  :  Upoune  the  consideratioun  quhairof  his  Majestic  with  advyse 
of  the  Lordis  of  his  Secreit  Counsall,  maid  dyvers  actis  and  ordinances 
aganis  thame  speciallie  one  Act  upoun  the  3.  day  of  Aprill  1603,  whereby  it 
wes  ordainit  that  the  name  of  M'^Gregoure  sulde  be  altogidder  abolisched, 
and  that  the  haill  persounes  of  that  Clan  suld  renunce  thair  name  and  tak 
thame  sum  uther  name,  and  that  they  nor  nane  of  thair  posteritie  suld  call 
thame  selffis  Gregour  or  M'^Gregoure  thair  efter,  under  the  payne  of  deade ' 
&a. — Acts  of  Pari,  of  Scot.  iv.  550.)  It  is  clear,  therefore,  that  on  that  same 
Sunday  on  which  King  James  took  his  farewell,  of  the  Edinburgh 
people,  in  the  Church  of  St.  Giles,  there  must  have  been  a  Council  meeting 
at  which  he  left  this  parting  thunderbolt,  against  the  unfortunate  MacGregors." 

"  1603.  April.  Item  paid  by  command  of  his  Highness  to  Robert  Lyle  servitor  to 
the  Earl  of  Argyle  for  inbringing  of  three  notorious  thieves  of  the  name  of 
the  barbarous  ClanGregor  ^333  .  6  .  8. — Treasurer's  books. 

"  Item  to  George  Mathow  messenger  passing  from  Edinburgh  to  the  market 
cross  of  Perth  charging  AUaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstra  and  the  remanent  of 
that  unhappy  Clan  to  compeir  personally  before  the  Council  the  19.  day  of 
April  instant  to  be  answerable  to  the  laws  and  to  renounce  their  names 
under  the  pain  of  rebellion. — Ibid. 

"The  Chronicle  of  Perth  9.  April  1603,  states  that  the  proclamation  was 
read  there  and  then. — MS.,  Advocates'  Lib.  Edin. 

"  Letters  to  be  proclaimed  at  the  market  crosses  of  Stirling  and  Dumbarton. 

"  Item  to  the  officer  of  Justiciary  for  summoning  an  assize  to  four  Mac- 
Gregors who  were  justified  to  the  deid. 

"  April  29.  Extract  from  a  letter  from  the  Lord  Fyvie  to  the  King  (shewing 
the  feelings  in  regard  to  all  Highlanders)  Zour  Majestic  will  onderstand  be 
zour  Counsalls  letter  the  estait  and  proceedings  with  Macgregors  Gif  all  the 
greate  hieland  Clannes  war  at  the  like  point,  I  wald  (think  ?)  it  ane  great 
ease  and  weill  to  this  common  weill  and  to  zour  Majesties  guid  subjects  heir- 
— Balfour's  Collections,  Advocates'  Lib.  Edin. 

"April  13.  Sasine  John  M'^Gregor  of  Innerzaldie  son  of  Gregor  McGregor  of 
Innerzaldie,  4  merkland  of  Innerzaldie  on  precept  from  chancery.     Sasine 

302  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

Barbara  Drummond  spouse  to  the  said  John  in  the  said  lands. — Register  of 
Sasines  Particular,  Perth. 

"April  28.  In  the  Court  of  the  Justiciary  of  our  supreme  Lord  the  King  held 
in  the  Pretorium  of  Edinburgh  by  Mr  William  Hairt  entered  '  AUaster 
^rKie  Gilchrist  Kittoch  alias  Makilmoylie,  M^nroyer,  Fynlaw  dow  M'^olean, 
delaitit  of  certane  poyntis  of  thift,  and  for  coming  to  ye  Lairdis  of  Lussis 
boundis  in  companie  with  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
murthour  and  reif  committit  thairon  in  Feb.  last '  Allaster  M^Kie  for  stealing 
sheep  &a  the  others  for  being  art  and  part  '  with  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and 
his  complices  in  the  crewal  murthour  and  slauchter  of  diverss  of  the  Laird 
of  Lusses  freindis  in  the  monethe  of  Feb.  last  to  the  number  of  seven 
scoir  persones,'  are  all  convicted  and  sentenced  to  be  hanged  on  the 
Burrow  muire. — Record  of  Justiciary. 

"May.  Item  paid  by  command  and  direction  of  the  Lords  of  Council  to 
Robert  and  Colene  Campbells  for  inbringing  and  presenting  of  three 
MacGregors  who  were  thereafter  executed  to  the  deid  for  their  demerits. 

"  Item  to  the  officers  of  Justiciary  for  summoning  of  an  assize  to 
Three  MacGregors  that  were  execute  to  the  deid. 

"  Also  close  Letters  to  the  Lairds  of  Bachananne,  Luss,  Glenurchy,  and 
TuUibardin. — Treasurer's  Books. 

"May  20.  Court  of  Justiciary  &a  Enter  Gillespie  M'^donald  M'^Innes  Dow, 
Donald  M'^Clerich  alias  Stewart,  Johnne  M'^Conneil  M'^Condochie  servants 
to  the  said  Gillespie.  Dilaitit  of  certain  poyntis  of  thift  and  soirning  and  of 
airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchter  of  the  Laird  of  Lusses  friendis  and  assisters  to 
ye  number  of  140  persones.     Sentenced  to  be  hanged  on  the  Castle  Hill. 

"  1603.  May  18.     Letter,  Secret  Council  to  the  King  in  England. 

"According  to  that  commissioun  quhilk  was  direct  anent  the  taking 
ordour  with  the  ClanGregour  We  half  ressavit  alreddie  aucht  pledges  And 
the  uther  four  ar  expectit  for  within  thrie  or  four  dayis.  To  remane  heir  in 
waird,  upone  the  perell  of  thair  awin  lyfis,  To  ansuer  for  the  dew  perform- 
ance of  all  offeris  ;  zour  hienes  salbe  assuirit  that  the  qualitie  of  the  pledgeis 
thameselffis  will  procure  ane  necessitie  of  the  forderance  of  that  wark,  the 
prosequuting  quhairof  is  nocht  to  ressave  ony  Lang  Delay  seing  be  theise 
gentlemene  quha  ar  commowneris,  thair  is  allenarlie  aucht  owlkis  crawit 
(weeks  craved)  betuix  and  the  Ischew  quhairof  it  is  undertakin  that  all  that 
is  promessit  salbe  performit.  We  mentionat  of  befoir  to  zour  Maiestie 
Anent  the  transporting  of  sa  mony  of  that  Clan  that  ar  appointit  for 
banischment,  that  ane  schip  micht  be  sent  hither,  We  mon  maist  humblie 
renew  our  swite  seing  all  theise  quha  ar  to  depart  In  quhilk  numer  the 
Laird  hinself  is  ane,  Ar  to  be  in  redines  heir,  reddy  to  embark  agane 

i6o3]    Charges  against  sundry  MacGregors     303 

witsontide,  Being  enable  of  thameselffis  to  defray  thair  chargis,  furness 
thameselffis  of  victualle,  or  pay  thair  fraucht.  Siclyke  it  will  pleis  zour 
Majestie  to  knaw  &a  &a  (about  others)  zour  Majesties  humble  and  obedient 
subjectis  and  servitouris 

Jn  Prestoun  Rokburne  (?) 
— Original  in  General  Register  House,  Edinburgh." 
The  above  shows  that  the  King  was  not  so  incensed  against  the  Clan 
and  the  Chief  as  to  be  unwilling  to  consent  to  their  banishment  from  the 
realm  instead  of  their  death,  and  to  this  alternative  Glenstray  alludes  in 
his  last  declaration.     Those  whose  signatures  appear  were  apparently  not 
enemical  to  the  Clan,  but  other  counsels  must  have  prevailed  later  with 
the  King. 

"June.  Letters  to  charge  Johnne  M'^Nauchtane  of  Dundarrow,  Colene 
Campbell  of  Straquhir,  Neill  Campbell  of  Drumyn,  Johnne  Campbell  of 
Ardkinlas,  Duncane  Campbell  Capitane  of  Carrick,  John  Robert  and 
Dougal  Campbells,  sons  to  the  Baillie  of  Rossneth,  Campbell  Auchin- 
willing,  Arthour,  and  Dowgall  Campbells,  brothers  to  Straquhir,  Evin  Dow 
Campbell  of  Corry,  Johnne  IVf^Edward,  Donald  oig,  and  Duncane  M'^Neill 
in  Blythegolsyde,  To  compeir  personally  before  the  Council  the  5.  day  of 
July  next  to  answer  upon  the  '  aird '  ^  and  the  assistance  given  by  them  to 
the  Laird  of  MacGregor  and  his  villanous  race,  under  the  pain  of  rebellion 
and  to  charge  certain  witnesses  to  verify  this  their  fact  and  deid. — Trea- 
surer's Books. 

"  Item  to  the  officers  of  Justiciary  for  summoning  of  an  assize  to  one 
MacGregor  who  slew  the  constabill  of  Dundees  man. 

"July  5.  Court  of  Justiciary  &a  enter  'Gillemichel  M'^hischok'  servant  to 
umquhile  John  dow  M'^Gregor,  Nicoll  M'^Pharie  Roy  M'^Gregour  Dilaitit  of 
being  at  the  Field  of  Lennox.  &a.     To  be  hanged  on  the  Castle  hill. 

"July  7.  The  Secret  Council  offered  besides  pardon  of  offences,  500  merks  to 
any  of  the  ClanGregor  who  should  kill  a  denounced  rebell. 

"  Benefits  of  the  proclamation  granted  to  ane  Mackgregor  for  slaughter 
of  ane  rebell. 

"  1603.  July  7.     John  dow  M'^Ewin  M'^Gregor  for  the  slaughter  of  David  Ross 
M'^William  and  William  Ross  M^William  his  brother,  sought  the  benefit  of 
the  proclamation  made  against  the  said  David  and  William,  to  wit  remissioun 
1  Oath. 

304  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

of  all  his  bypast  crimes  and  500  merks  which  was  granted  to  him  by  act  of 

It  is  difficult  to  decide  which  act  was  the  most  criminal — the  purchase 
of  life  and  liberty  at  the  cost  of  blood  or  the  offer  dangled  out  as  a  bait 
by  the  Government. 

"  July.  Item  paid  by  special  command  and  ordinance  of  the  Secret  Council  to 
Archibald  Cunninghame,  Mr  Porter  of  the  Castle  of  Edinburgh  for  the 
entertainment  of  certain  pledges  of  the  Clangregor.  As  the  warrant  of  the 
Lords  of  Council  with  the  particular  compt  bears  ;^99  .  13  .  4. — Lord  High 
Treasurer's  books. 

"July  12.  At  Edinburgh.  The  quhilk  day  Johnne  Boyll  of  Kelburne 
and  Normand  Innes  of  Knockdarrie  Became  plegeis  and  souerties  con- 
junctlie  and  severallie  for  Duncane  Campbell  capitane  of  Carrick,  and 
Ewin  Campbell  of  Dargache  That  they  sail  compeir  &a  the  3  day  of 
the  next  Justice  air  of  the  sheriffdom  of  Ergyle  or  soner  upoun  xv 
dayis  warning  To  underly  the  law  for  the  wilfuU  and  contemptuous 
resetting,  suppleing,  and  furneissing  with  meit,  drink,  and  herbrie  of 
AUaster  M'^Gregor  of  Glenstra  or  ony  utheris  of  his  unhappie  raise  and 
associattis  quha  wer  Laitlie  within  the  Lennox  committit  upoun  the  aucht 
day  of  Feb.  last  and  fostering  of  the  said  Alexander  and  ye  persones  foirsaid, 
diverss  and  sindrie  tymes,  within  thair  houses  efter  ye  said  barbarous 
murther ;  And  namely  in  the  monethis  of  Feb,  Marche,  Apryll,  May,  and 
Junij  respective  or  sum  dayis  yrof.  and  furneissing  of  ye  said  persounis  in  yr 
necessetees  and  keiping  with  thame  frequent  trysting  and  meitingis  Alswell 
be  nicht  as  day  and  ressauving  of  ye  guidis  and  gear  within  thair  landis  that 
war  reft,  and  away  tane  be  ye  saidis  thevis,  furth  of  the  Lennox,  the  tyme 
foirsaid,  under  the  paines  following,  That  is  to  say  For  the  said  Duncane 
Campbell  capitane  of  Carrick  under  the  pane  of  thre  thousand  merkis,  And 
for  the  said  Ewin  Campbell  twa  thousand  merkis. 

"  And  siclyke  That  yai  nor  nane  of  thame  sail  ressett,  supplie,  furneiss, 
or  keip  trysting  wilfuUie  or  contemptuouslie  (with  the  saide  persones  nor 
ressett  the  guidis  nor  gear  quhilkis  war  reft  or  away  taen  &a  This  caution 
taken  out  at  command  of  the  Lords  of  Secreit  Council. 
"  July.  Item  paid  by  ordinance  of  the  said  Lords  to  Andro  Ross  for  inbringing 
and  presenting  to  the  Council  Duncane  (name  of  Johne  Dow  scored  out) 
MacGregor  of  Angrie  ;  as  the  warrant  of  Council  with  the  said  Androis 
acquittance,  upon  the  resset  thereof  produced  upon  compt  bears. 

"Letters  to  charge  George  MacGregor  burgess  of  Perth,  George  M'^Patrik, 
Archibald,  George  and  John  MacGregors  and  Dougall  MacGregor  dwelling 
in  Perth  to  compeir  personallie  before  the  Council  the  26.  of  this  instant 

i6o3]         Capture  of  sundry  MacGregors      305 

resolved  to  change  and  alter  their  surnames  of  MacGregor  and  to  take  them 
to  another  famous  and  honest  surname. — Treasurer's  Books. 

"  Letters  to  the  Market  crosses  of  Stirling  and  Dumbarton  And  thereat 
charging  all  our  Sovereign  Lord's  lieges  within  the  bounds  foirsaid  to  be  in 
readiness  to  resist  all  invasion  that  may  be  expected  at  the  hands  of  the 
MacGregors  and  for  that  cause  that  good  watches  be  kept  at  all  places 
"  1603.  July.  Same  letters  to  be  proclaimed  at  the  market  cross  of  Perth. 

"  Letters  to  charge  Sir  Johnne  Murray  of  TuUibardin  Knight  to  compeir 

and  present  with  him  Neill  M'^AUaster MacGregor  personally  before 

the  Council  the  4,  of  August  next  To  the  effect  he  may  be  made  answerable 
to  justice  conform  to  the  Law  of  this  realme. 
"July  14.    Court  of  Justiciary  &a   'John   M'^Gregor  at  the  kirk  of  Comrie' 
Dilaitit  for  being  in  company  with  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra  and  his 
complices  at  the  Field  of  Lennox  aganis  the  Laird  of  Luse  and  his  freindis 
and  airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchteris,  thiftis  and  robberies  comraittit  be 
thame  &a  Item  for  the  slauchter  of  John  M'^Arber  committit  in  Junij  last. 
The  assyse  in  ane  voce  fyles  John  M'^Gregour  of  the  crymes  foirsaidis ; 
Called  in  the  Indictment  Johnne  dow  M'^eane  valich  M'^gregour,  '  To  be 
tane  to  the  Castlehill,  and  thair,  his  heid  to  be  stricken  fra  his  body.' 
"  August  4.  Archibald  Dalzell  son  lawful  to  Robert  Dalzell  of  that  Ilk  presents 
to  the  Secret  Council  a  petition  stating  that  owing  to  some  '  misreports  maid 
be  Nicoll  Dalzell  of  Dalzell  Milne '  &a  for  not  compeiring  before  the  Coun- 
cil, the  petitioner  had  been  put  to  the  Horn,  and  to  obtene  the  King's 
benevolence  had  adventured  his  person  and  '  apprehendit  ane  of  the  speciall 
of  the  name  of  M'^Gregor  callit  Neill  Makgregor  pudrenois/   quha  wes 
delyuerit  in  roll,  to  my  Lord  Chancellor  be  his  men '  and  was  ready  to 
deliver  the  said  Neill  M'^Gregor  to  the  Justice  to  be  executed,  and  to  do 
further  acts  '  aganis  the  name  of  M'^Gregor  and  rest  of  that  Clan  &a  He 
was  disabled  by  being  in  the  situation  of  '  his  Hienes  rebell '  and  therefore 
praying  that  he  might  be  allowed  to  appear  before  the  Council  to  produce 
the  said  M'^Gregor.    Petition  granted.    Original  in  General  Register  House." 
Thus,  by  the  base  but  ingenious  device  of  the  Executive,  every  man 
who  was  himself  a  felon,  had  the   strongest   inducement   to   serve   the 
Government  as  executioner  of  the  MacGregors,  whose  faults,    whatever 
they  might  be,  had  now  incurred  the  penalty  of  every  man's  hand  being 
stirred  up  against  them.      And  yet,  seeing  the  numerous  instances   of 
ressett  and  kindness  nobly  shewn  to  them  in  spite  of  the  imminent  risk  of 
so  doing ;   it  is  evident  that  they  must  have  had  qualities  which  secured 
the  strong  attachment  of  their  friends. 

^  Pudiach. 

3o6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1603 

"August  12.  Court  of  Justiciary.  Dougall  M'^Gregour,  Neill  M'^Gregour 
pudrach,  Dilaitit  of  airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchter  of  four  men  that  assistit 
the  Laird  of  Luise  at  the  field  of  ye  Lennox  committit  in  the  moneth  of 
Feb.  last.  Neill  is  dilaitit  of  airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchteris  of  umqle 
Patrik  Layng  and  John  Reid  wobster  (weaver)  servants  to  Luss,  and  of  the 
stealing  of  'tuelf  scoir  of  guidis  furth  of  Lussis  boundis  in  Lennox  committit 
in  Dec.  last.     Both  are  sentenced  to  be  hanged  on  the  Burrow  muir.' 

"August  20.  Ane  (royal)  Letter  maid  to  David  Grahame  servitour  to  the  erle 
of  Monlrois  his  aires  &a  of  the  gift  of  the  eschete  of  all  guidis  geir  &a 
quhilkis  pertenit  of  before  to  Duncane  M'^Gregour  alias  M'^Invalliche  and 
now  Drummond  and  now  pertening  to  our  soverane  Lord  throw  being  of 
the  said  Duncane  ordourlie  denuncit  rebell  and  put  to  the  home  at  the 
instance  of  David  Grahame,  vicar  of  Comrie  for  not  payment  to  him  of 
;^20o. — Reg.  of  Privy  Seal,  vol.  Ixxiv.  fol.  8i. 

"1603.  August  25.  Intromissioun  with  the  MacGregors  goods  that  were  at 

"Act  in  favour  of  the  Gentlemen  of  the  Lennox  being  a  supersedere  to 
them  for  all  pursuit  criminal  or  civil  for  any  of  their  intromission  with  the 
goods  and  gear  of  the  ClanGregor  who  are  guilty  of  the  murder  of 
Glenfrune.  (MSS.  notes  taken  by  the  first  Earl  of  Haddington  from  the 
missing  volume  of  the  Record  of  the  Privy  Council,  in  Advocates'  Library, 
Edin.)  On  the  application  of  the  '  gentlemen  of  the  Lennox '  the  secret 
Council  'grantis  thame  ane  supercedere  fra  all  persute  criminal  or  civill 
moved  or  to  be  moved  aganis  thame  for  thair  intromissioune  with  the 
clangregouris  geir,  quha  ar  culpabill,  and  guiltie  of  the  attempt  cometit 
within  the  Lennox,  during  the  tyme,  that  the  commissioune  grantit  aganis 
the  said  Clangregor.  And  licentiatis  the  saidis  complenaris  to  adjoyne  to 
thame  selffis  sum  brokene  men  for  persyte  of  that  wicked  Race  for  quhome 
the  saidis  complenaris  sal  be  ansuerable.' — Luss  Coll. 

"  Sep.  14.  Letter  from  the  Presbytery  of  Stirling  addressed  To  our  speciall  gude 
Lordis  The  Lordis  of  his  Majesteis  secret  Counsell. 

" It  may  pleis  zour  llo.  That  the  miserablle  esteat  of  this  pro- 
vince, and  pairt  of  the  cuntree  within  the  bounds  qrof  we  bear  the  charge, 
in  the  ministrie,  hes  movit  and  constrainit  us  in  conscience  to  mak  humblie 
sute  to  yr  Lops  :  for  present  remeid  for  the  cryis  of  the  oppressit  aboundis 
daylie,  for  raising  of  fyr,  slauchter.  Taking  of  men  captives,  Murthering  of 
thame  being  tane  captive  without  pitie  makand  yair  pastyme  yrof,  Reaffis, 
heirschippis,  spulzeis  and  uther  manifest  enormities  and  oppressionis, 
Committit  within  thir  bounds  be  the  broken  men  in  the  hielands  especiallie 
be  the  ClanGregour,  and  sic  uthers  Clanes  of  thair  inbringing,  qrthrow  the 
gentillmen  of  the  cuntrie  quha  ar  not  able  to  withstand  thair  powar  ar  com- 

i6o3]  Pursuit  of  the  Clan  Gregor  307 

pellit  for  feir  of  thair  tirany  to  laive  thair  duellings  and  flee  to  burghis  for 
refuge  and  saiftie  :  and  the  pure  ar  exponit  as  ane  pray  to  yr  crueltie  ;  Sua 
that  of  our  deutie,  we  cannot  be  silent  in  sua  great  a  desolatione.  In  con- 
sideration qrof,  We  have  tane  occasione,  to  direct  thir  presents,  to  your 
llordschippis,  To  quhome,  the  cair  of  the  defenss  of  the  innocent,  and 
oppressit,  belangis  now  in  the  absence  of  his  Matie :  our  Soverane.  Re- 
questing and  exhorting  zour  LLs  :  in  ye  name  of  the  eternall  God,  to 
quhome  zr  lis  :  man  give  a  rekoning  ane  day  to  tak  su  spedy  order,  for  re- 
pressing of  sic  manifest  enormities  and  oppressionis  that  God's  pepill  may 
leive  peciablie,  and  quyetUe  at  zour  handis  and  as  ye  will  be  answerable 
to  his  Divine  Maiestie,  and  have  zour  Lo  :  awin  souUis  fre  frome  the  giltines 
of  the  inocent  blud  that  is  sua  neidleslie  shed.  The  particular  Complentis 
that  has  cui  and  ar  to  cui  in  befor  zour  llo  :  Will  mak  this  matter  mair  mani- 
fest. Thus  expecting  redres  of  the  miseries  from  zor  llo.  We  commend  zr 
lo.  to  the  blessing  and  protectioun  of  ye  eternall.  From  our  Presbytrie  ef 
Stirling  14  Sep.  1603.  zr  lo.  maist  humble  &a.  The  Brethren  of  the  Pres- 
byterie  of  Stirling. 

A.  Levingstone  moderator. 
James  Duncansone  clerk. 

— (Original  of  Letter  in  General  Register  House  Edinburgh.) 
"  1603.  September.  Letters  to  charge  George  Marquis  of  Huntlie,  Johnne 
Earl  of  Atholl,  Patrik  Lord  Drummond,  Sir  Duncane  Campbell  of 
Glenurquhy  Knight,  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardin,  Mr  John  Moncreiff 
Sheriff  depute  of  Perth,  Lauchlane  M'^Intosch  of  Dunnachtane,  Angus 
M'^Intosche  of  Tarvat,  James  M'^Intosche  of  Gask,  Johne  Grant  of  Freuchie 
Alexander  M'^Ronald  of  Glengarray  and  Allane  M'^Conneill  duy,  to  compeir 
personally  before  the  Council  the  20.  day  of  this  instant ;  To  underly  such 
order  and  direction  as  shall  be  prescribed  and  enjoined  to  them  anent  the 
pursuit  of  the  ClanGregor  conforme  to  first  inclusion  (conclusion)  had  there- 
anent  under  the  pain  of  rebellion. 

"  Letters  also  to  charge  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyle,  Hary  Stewart  com- 

mendator  of  St  Colme, Campbell  of  Lundy,  Alexander  Colquhoun  of 

Luss,  Aulay  M'^Aulay  of  Ardincabill  and  Robert  Galbraith  of  Kilchreuch  to 
compeir  before  the  Council  the  20.  day  of  this  instant  to  the  effect  and  for 
the  cause  above  specified. 
"October.  Letters  to  be  proclaimed  at  the  market  crosses  of  Stirling  and 
Dumbarton  charging  all  his  Highness's  lieges  dwelling  nearest  (ewest)  and 
subject  to  the  incursions  of  the  Clangregor  that  they  live  on  their  own 
guard,  keep  watch  and  be  ready  at  all  occasions  to  defend  themselves  from 
their  pursuit. 

3o8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1604 

"  Letters  also  to  charge  the  Lairds  of  TulHbardin,  Grant,  and  Strowane 
to  exhibite  and  produce  before  the  council  the  25.  of  this  instant  each  of 
them  that  ....  son  of  umqle  John  Dow  M'^Gregor,  which  they  have  in 
keeping,  respectively,  to  be  taken  order  with  as  shall  seem  most  expedient 
to  the  Council  under  the  pain  of  rebellion. — Treasurer's  Books." 

The  following  is  from  the  "  Annals  "  written  by  Sir  James  Balfour,  Lyon 
King  of  Arms,  who  lived  in  this  reign,  and  died  in  1657  : — 

"The  2.  of  October  this  zeire  the  notorious  thief  and  rebell  Allaster  M'^Gregor 
Laird  of  Glenstrae  quho  had  escaped  the  Laird  of  Arkinlesse  handes  was 
taken  by  Archibald  Earle  of  Argyle,  quho  (befor  he  would  zeild)  had 
promised  to  him  to  conevoy  him  saue  out  of  Scotts  ground ;  to  performe 
which  promisse,  he  caused  some  servants  conwey  him  to  Berwicke,  and 
besouthe  it  some  myelles,  and  bring  him  back  againe  to  Edinburgh  quher 
he  was  hangit  with  maney  of  his  kinred  the  20  day  of  January  in  the 
following  zeire,  1604." 

In  a  Diary  written  by  Robert  Birrel,  quoted  with  Pitcairne's  observa- 
tions in  next  chapter,  the  2nd  Oct.  was  the  day  of  the  capture  by 
Ardkinlas  ;  and  the  4th  Jan.,  the  following  year,  the  date  of  the  recapture, 
&a,  it  seems  probable,  from  the  minuteness  of  Birrel's  Diary,  that  the 
dates  he  gives  may  be  the  most  correct. 

Returning  to  the  "  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  ^  we  find  much  useful  infor- 
mation and  instructive  commentary  : — 

"The  melancholy  fate  of  the  Colquhouns  excited  very  general  commiseration. 
But  the  results  were  more  disastrous  to  the  victors  than  to  the  vanquished.  The 
resentment  of  the  Government  was  intensely  inflamed  against  the  ClanGregor, 
whose  lawless  deeds,  ruthless  as  they  may  have  been  before,  had  culminated  in  the 
terrific  scenes  enacted  at  Glenfruin.  The  measures  of  the  Government  against 
them  were  very  severe,  contemplating  nothing  less  than  the  extermination  of  the 

"To  the  Earl  of  Argyle,  who  was  the  King's  Lieutenant  in  the  part  of  the 
country  inhabited  by  the  Macgregors,  chiefly  was  committed  the  task  of  executing 
the  severe  enactments  made  against  them.  Indignant  complaints  were  made 
against  Aulay  Macaulay  of  Ardincaple,  who  though  he  had  formally  joined  with 
the  Laird  of  Luss  against  Galbraith  of  Culcreugh,  was  charged  with  having  reset 
and  intercommuned  with  the  MacGregors  at  Glenfruin,  which  would  certainly  have 
been  only  to  act  in  conformity  with  the  bond  of  clanship,  into  which  he  had 
^  "Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  vol.  i.,  page  203. 

i6o3]  Act  to  prohibit  name  of  MacGregor  309 

entered  with  AUaster  Macgregor.i  Against  Macaulay  the  Earl  of  Argyle  now 
directed  the  weight  of  his  official  authority, 

"On  17.  March  1603.2  John  Stewart  of  Ardmolice,  Sheriff  of  Bute,  became 
surety  for  Aulay  Macaulay  of  Ardincaple,  that  he  would  compear  before  his 
Majesty's  justice,  or  his  deputies,  in  the  Tolbooth  of  Edinburgh,  on  the  17  day 
of  May  following,  to  underlie  the  law  for  reset  and  intercom muning  with  Ewin 
Macgregour,  (Allaster)  Macgregour  of  Glenstra,  the  deceased  John  Dow  Macgregour 
his  brother,  and  others  of  the  Macgregours,  and  for  'not  rysing  the  fray  and 
following  the  thre  saidis  Macgregours  commoun  thevis  and  soirnaris,  in  thair 
incumming  in  the  cuntrey  of  the  Lennox,  and  steilling  of  leill  menis  guidis,  and  for 
inbringing  of  the  saidis  thevis  and  rebells,  and  also  for  airt  and  pairt  with  them  in 
the  incumming  vpoune  the  Laird  of  Lussis  lands,  and  for  airt  and  part  with  the 
saidis  Macgregouris  in  steiling  fra  the  Laird  of  Luss,  and  his  kyn  and  friendis  and 
tennentis,  of  certane  nolt,  scheip,'  etc. 

"  But  M'^aulay  escaped  by  a  summary  suppression  of  all  investigation.  Shielded 
by  the  Duke  of  Lennox,  and  being  in  the  Duke's  train,  which  was  to  accompany 
King  James  VL  on  his  way  to  England,  to  take  possession  of  the  English  Throne 
vacant  by  the  death  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  his  Majesty  issued  a  warrant  at  Berwick, 
7.  April  1603.  to  the  Justice  General  and  his  deputies,  commanding  them  to  desert 
the  dyet  '  against  Macaulay,  as  he  was  altogedder  frie  and  innocent  of  the  allegit 
crymes  laid  to  his  charge.'  The  Justice,  accordingly,  on  the  17.  of  May  1603, 
when  this  warrant  was  presented  in  the  Justiciary  Court  by  a  servant  of  the  Duke 
of  Lennox,  deserted  the  diet.     Many  others  were  less  mercifully  dealt  with." 

After  the  Conflict  of  Glenfruin.     (Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,  continued). 

"  Before  any  judicial  inquiry  had  been  made  on  the  3.  of  April  1603,  only  two 

days  before  King  James  VL  left  Scotland  for  England an  Act  of  Privy 

Council  "was  passed  by  which  the  name  of  Gregor  or  MacGregor  was  for  ever 
abolished.  All  of  this  surname  were  commanded  under  the  penalty  of  death  to 
change  it  for  another,  and  the  same  penalty  was  denounced  against  those  who 
should  give  food  or  shelter  to  any  of  the  clan.  All  who  had  been  at  the  conflict  of 
Glenfruin,  and  at  the  spoliation  and  burning  of  the  Lands  of  the  Laird  of  Luss  and 
other  lands,  were  also  prohibited  under  the  penalty  of  death  from  carrying  any 
weapon  except  a  pointless  knife  to  eat  their  meat.  Such  a  commencement  did  not 
augur  well  for  the  impartial  administration  of  Justice,  much  less  for  the  ex- 
ercise of  clemency  to  this  clan.  This  was  followed  by  the  execution  of 
many  of  those  who  had  taken  part  in  the  sanguinary  conflict  of  Glenfruin, 
some  at  the  Burrowmure   of  Edinburgh,  others   at   the  castle   Hill,   and   others 

1  27th  May  1 59 1.     See  page  231. 

2  Full  transcript  of  these  transactions  relating  to  Aulay  Mac  Aulay  given  in  "  Chartulary,"  but 
not  quoted  in  these  Memoirs,  because  they  do  not  relate  to  MacGregors. 

3IO  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor        [1603-4 

at  the  public  Cross  ;   and  by  other  measures  which  bore  the  impress  rather  of 

vengeance  than  of  calm  judicial  procedure Thus  cast  beyond  the 

pale  of  the  Royal  mercy,  except  on  the  most  dishonourable  conditions,  the  clan 
were  driven  to  desperation,  and  thinking  only  of  retaliation,  broke  forth  into  new 
outrages.  After  the  conflict  at  Glenfruin,  the  MacGregors  lost  no  time  in  selling 
and  distributing  the  plunder  which  they  had  carried  off,  and  this  they  did  chiefly  in 
Argyllshire.  Some  facts  in  reference  to  this  subject  we  learn  from  the  depositions 
made  20  July  before  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  in  the  presence  of  a  notary,  by 
Donald  Makglaschane  in  Baichybaine,  ofiicer,  tenant,  and  servant  to  Sir  John 
Campbell  of  Ardkinglas.  He  confessed  that  he  himself  had  bought  three  cows,  at 
the  head  of  Lochfyne,  from  two  of  the  most  noted  actors  in  these  deeds  of  spoliation, 
and  slaughter,  three  or  four  days,  after  they  were  perpetrated.  He  also  confessed 
that  he  knew  many  of  the  tenants  of  the  Laird  of  Ardkinglas,  for  whom  that  laird 
was  responsible,  who  had  bought  from  other  of  Allaster  Macgregor's  men,  cows, 
horses,  and  other  spoil,  and  who  had  entertained  some  of  the  same  party. 

"  Some  of  the  Campbells  who  were  said  to  have  been  the  secret  allies  of  the 
Macgregors,  having  reset  them  after  the  battle  of  Glenfruin,  and  having  been  re- 
ceivers of  their  stolen  property,  the  Government  now  resolved  to  proceed  against 
them 'Commissions  had  been  given  by  the  Government  to  the  gentle- 
men of  the  Lennox  empowering  them  to  seize  the  property  as  well  as  to  pursue 
the  persons  of  the  ClanGregor.  But  this  clan  as  'the  gentlemen  of  Lennox' 
describe  them  being  'in  all  their  wicked  actiounes  maist  subtil  and  craftie'  with 
the  view  of  defeating  the  object  of  these  commissions  distributed  their  goods  among 
some  of  their  friends,  and  moved  them  to  take  action  before  the  Lords  of  secret 
Council  against  those  invested  with  such  commissions  for  their  wrongous  intro- 
missiones  with  the  said  goods, " 

This  was  the  object  of  the  "supercedere  "  granted  to  the  petitioners  as 
mentioned  at  page  306. 

"Towards  the  end  of  1603.  Alexander  Colquhoun  and  his  men  apprehended 
three  of  the  ClanGregour, — Gregor  Cruiginche  Macgregor,  John  dow  Macrob  Mac- 
gregour,  and  Allaster  Macewne  Macgregor.  On  24.  Nov.  he  compeared  before 
the  Lords  of  the  Secret  Council  at  Stirling,  presented  these  prisoners  before  them, 
and  craved  that  he  might  be  exonered  and  relieved  of  them.  Their  Lordships 
granted  the  prayer  of  his  petition  and  having  taken  them  of  his  hands,  delivered 
them  to  the  magistrates  of  the  Burgh  of  Stirling. 

"In  the  trials  which  took  place  from  the  20.  May  1603.  to  2.  March  1604. 
thirty-five  of  the  Macgregors  were  convicted,  and  only  one  acquited.  In  most  or 
all  of  these  instances  the  sentence  of  death,  as  we  learn  from  Birrel's  Diary,  was 
carried  into  effect. 

"  Allaster  MacGregor,  the  Chief  of  the  Clan,  did  not  fall  into  the  hands  of  the 

Execution  of  Allaster  MacGregor  of  Glenstray3 1 1 

Government  till  nearly  a  year  after  the  battle  of  Glenfruin.  He  had  been  almost 
entrapped  by  Campbell  of  Arkinglas,  Sheriff  of  Argyllshire,  who,  with  the  intention 
of  arresting  him,  and  sending  him  to  the  Earl  of  Argyll,  had  invited  him  to  a 
friendly  banquet  in  his  house,  which  was  situated  on  a  small  island  in  a  loch,  and 
who  there  made  him  a  prisoner,  and  put  him  in  a  boat,  guarded  by  five  men  ;  but 
Macgregor  seeing  that  he  was  betrayed,  made  his  escape  by  a  deed  of  romantic 
danng,  having  leapt  out  of  the  boat  into  the  water,  and  swam  to  the  shore  in 
safety.     He  was  less  successful  in  eluding  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyll." 

After  relating  the  circunistances  regarding  Argyll's  treatment  of  Glen- 
stray  as  given  from  several  authorities  in  Pitcairne's  "  Criminal  Trials,"  Sir 
William  Fraser  continues: — 

"He  arrived  in  Edinburgh  on  the  evening  of  the  i8.  Jan.  1604.  Only  two 
days  after  his  trial,  and  that  of  four  of  his  clan,  Patrik  Aldoche  Macgregour,  William 
Macneill  his  servant,  Duncan  Pudrache  Macgregour,  and  Allaster  Macgregour 
Macean,  took  place  before  the  High  Court  of  Justiciary  for  the  crime  of  treason, 
in  their  having  attacked  the  Laird  of  Luss  whilst  armed  with  a  royal  commission  to 

resist  the  '  cruel  enterprises '  of  the  ClanGregor.' '  Having  been  found 

guilty  Allaster  MacGregor  and  his  four  accomplices  were  sentenced  to  be  hanged 

at  the  Cross  of  Edinburgh,  on  the  same  day '     Effect  was  also  given  to 

the  forfeiture  of  their  lands,  heritages  &a. 

"The  heads  of  Allaster  and  of  his  associate,  Patrick  Aldoch  Macgregor,  were 
by  order  of  the  Government,  sent  to  Dumbarton  to  be  placed  on  the  tolbooth  of 
that  burgh,  the  chief  town  of  the  district  where  the  crimes  for  which  they  were 
executed  had  been  committed.  On  13.  Feb.  1604.  the  Town  Council  of  Dumbar- 
ton concludit  and  ordainit  that  the  Laird  of  Macgregor's  heid,  with  Patrik  Auldochy 
his  heid,  be  put  up  on  the  Tolbuith,  on  the  maist  convenient  place  the  Baillies  and 
Counsall  thinkis  guid. — Dumbarton  Town  Council  Records. 

"  On  the  19.  of  Jan.  the  day  before  his  execution,  Allaster  Macgregor  made  a 
declaration  or  confession,  which  if  entitled  to  credit,  would  throw  light  on  the  causes 
which  led  to  the  conflict  of  Glenfruin,  as  well  as  explain  other  matters  connected 
with  the  family  feuds  of  that  period.  In  this  confession  he  distinctly  throws  the 
whole  blame  of  the  outrages  committed  by  the  Macgregors  against  the  Colquhouns 
upon  the  Earll  of  Argyll,  and  accuses  that  Earll  of  having  instigated  him  to  commit 
other  slaughters  and  depredations.  But  as  observed  before,  declarations  which  so 
seriously  criminated  the  Earll  of  Argyll  are  not  entitled,  in  the  circumstances,  to 
implicit  credit  for  Allaster  was  doubtless  much  exasperated  against  the  Earl,  by 
whom  he  had  been  captured  and  delivered  as  a  prisoner  to  the  Government." 

Reverting  to  an  earlier  page  of  "  The  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,"  the  follow- 
ing passage  relates  to  the  same  subject. 

312  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor  [1604 

"If  the  declaration  or  confession  made  by  Allaster  MacGregor  before  his 
execution  is  true,  Argyll,  instead  of  repressing  the  ClanGregor,  made  use  of  the 
power  which,  as  the  King's  Lieutenant,  he  had  acquired  over  them  to  stimulate 
them  to  various  acts  of  aggression  against  Colquhoun  of  Luss  and  others,  who  were 
his  personal  enemies.  Founding  mainly  on  the  dying  declaration  of  the  Laird  of 
Macgregor,  Pitcairn,  in  his  '  Criminal  Trials,'  says,  '  It  is  to  this  crafty  and  per- 
fidious system  of  the  Earl  therefore,  that  we  must  solely  trace  the  feud  between  the 
Colquhouns  and  the  Macgregors,  which  proved  in  the  end  so  hurtful  to  both,  a  result 
no  doubt  all  along  contemplated  by  this  powerful  nobleman.' 

"  We  do  not  however  agree  with  Pitcairne  in  founding  so  much  on  Macgregor's 
dying  declaration.  The  feeling  of  Macgregor  against  Argyll  must  in  the  circum- 
stances have  been  intensely  strong,  as  his  words  plainly  indicate,  and  though  in  the 
presence  of  death,  the  motive  to  speak  only  the  truth  was  powerful,  yet  our  knowledge 
of  human  nature  suggests  caution  in  giving  impUcit  credit  even  to  his  dying  declara- 
tion ;  and  its  main  features  are  certainly  not  confirmed,  as  Pitcairne  asserts,  by  the 
Records  of  the  Privy  Council.  The  Laird  of  Macgregor's  testimony,  therefore,  in 
the  circumstances,  unsupported  by  that  of  other  credible  witnesses,  is  not  a 
sufiicient  ground  on  which  to  impeach  Argyll." 

Another  passage  has  also  to  be  here  quoted. 

"The  statement  made  by  Mr  Pitcairne  in  his  'Criminal  Trials,'  that  the 
Macgregors  and  the  Colquhouns  at  Glenfruin  '  were  in  a  manner  equally  armed 
with  the  royal  authority '  is  quite  unfounded.  The  Laird  of  Luss  was  indeed  then 
acting  under  a  commission  from  the  King  to  apprehend  the  ClanGregor,  but  to 
speak  of  the  '  Laird  of  Macgregor  as  marching  to  invade  the  Lennox  under  the 
paramount  authority  of  the  King's  Lieutenant,'  Argyll,  is  a  gratuitous  assertion. 
Whatever  the  friends  of  the  Macgregors  may  say  as  to  Argyll's  secretly  encouraging 
the  Macgregors  to  attack  the  Colquhouns,  it  is  certain  that  he  had  no  power  to  arm 
them  with  authority  for  that  purpose,  and  there  is  no  evidence  that  he  formally  did 
so.  To  place  the  two  parties  nearly  on  a  footing  of  equality  as  to  the  right 
of  meeting  in  hostile  array  for  trial  of  strength,  is  a  view  entirely  erroneous. 
The  Macgregors  were  rebels,  and  the  Colquhouns  were  armed  with  royal  authority 
to  suppress  their  outrages." 

A  few  remarks  on  the  preceding  observations  must  here  be  made.  In 
the  next  chapter,  Pitcairne's  article  on  the  trial  of  Allaster  MacGregor  of 
Glenstray  and  of  the  conflict  of  Glenfruin  are  given  in  full,  where  the 
points  to  which  Sir  William  Fraser  raises  objections  can  be  studied 

The  opinion  that  the  Colquhouns  had  the  Royal  sanction  for  taking  up 

i6o4]       Remarks  on  Conflict  of  Glenfruin  313 

arms,  and  that  their  adversaries  had  not  this  authority,  may  be  willingly 
conceded.  In  fairness  to  the  Colquhouns,  it  may  be  noticed  that  there  is 
no  evidence  that  they  purchased  letters  of  fire  and  sword  against  their 
foes,  as  was  so  often  the  case,  legalising  violence  and  bloodshed  by  money. 
Their  claim  was,  therefore,  all  the  stronger,  and  consisted  of  two  grants 
of  authority :  the  first  a  Royal  letter,  sanctioning  their  opposing  the 
MacGregors  "without  any  crime,"  date  Sep.  1602;  the  other  a  formal 
Commission  of  Lieutenantcy,  given  to  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  in 
Dec.  1602.  We  may  consider  that  this  Commission  was  obtained  by  an 
artifice  in  regard  to  the  parade  of  shirts,  but  this  does  not  affect  the  fact 
of  the  Royal  authority,  on  which  much  stress  is  laid  in  the  subsequent 
trials.  The  view  taken  by  Mr  Pitcairne,  however,  can  be  understood  if 
its  grounds  are  analysed. 

The  Commission  given  by  the  King  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle  against  the 
ClanGregor,  March  3,  1601,  expressly  annulled  the  Sovereign's  own  power 
to  forgive  any  MacGregor,  or  to  make  terms  with  one  of  the  name.  This 
Commission  was  thus  such  a  complete  and  absolute  delegation  of  the 
Royal  authority  that  if  Argyle,  as  the  King's  Lieutenant  in  special  charge 
of  the  MacGregors,  had  openly  convened  them  to  invade  the  Colquhouns, 
the  curious  anomaly  of  both  opponents  being  armed  with  the  Royal 
authority,  as  Mr  Pitcairne  conceived,  might  have  actually  occurred.  But 
such  overt  acts  were  no  part  of  Argyle's  policy. 

With  regard  to  the  last  Declaration  of  Glenstray,  it  is  impossible  for 
one  of  the  ClanGregor  to  feel  strictly  impartial.  To  us  it  is  a  legacy,  the 
truth  of  which  is  a  matter  of  painfully  deep,  and  we  may  believe  inherited, 
conviction.  However  presumptuous  it  may  be  to  attempt  to  break  a 
lance  with  the  learned  and  courteous  knight  who  has  adopted  the  side  of 
the  Chiefs  of  Colquhoun,  but  who  has  evinced  much  delicacy  and  for- 
bearance in  treating  of  our  combats  with  them,  loyal  duty  to  our  heroic 
Chief  must  disregard  any  "  skaith  "  risked  in  his  defence. 

Endeavouring  to  unravel  the  arguments  advanced  in  the  attempt  to 
vindicate  Archibald,  second  Earl  of  Argyle,  by  discrediting  Glenstray's 
testimony,  it  must  be  remarked  that  Pitcairne,  who  had  made  criminal 
trials  his  special  study  and  is  recognised  as  a  most  competent  authority 

2  R 

314  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

on  the  subject,  has  collected  excellent  illustrations  from  nearly  con- 
temporary histories  which  relate  the  manner  in  which  Glenstray  was 
conveyed  across  the  Border  and  brought  back  again.^  This  act  of 
treachery  is  in  conformity  with  the  dying  Chief's  accusations  against 
Argyle.  Glenstray  was  no  ordinary  culprit,  whose  word  was  known  to 
be  unreliable ;  he  had  been  befriended  by  the  Laird  of  Tullibardine  and 
the  Commendator  of  Inchaffray,  two  landlords  who  appear  to  have  borne 
a  high  character — there  is  no  special  bitterness  in  the  Chief's  last  Declara- 
tion ;  it  reads  sad,  sober,  and  earnest.  But  in  so  hurried  a  trial,  with 
several  of  the  jury  personally  incensed  against  Glenstray,  and  warned 
beforehand  to  bring  in  a  true  bill,  his  Declaration  apparently  received  no 
attention.  It  is  highly  improbable  that  he  could  have  been  acquitted 
after  the  events  of  Glenfruin,  especially  as  the  fact  of  Luss  having  had  a 
Royal  Commission  was  fully  recognised  as  adding  to  the  offence,  but  the 
circumstances  of  the  Declaration  having  been  disregarded  and  hushed  up 
by  his  adversaries  is  no  argument  against  its  truth.  Nor  was  any  con- 
temporary refutation  made,  so  far  as  is  known. 

Against  Argyle  there  are  certain  suspicious  probabilities.  It  is  true 
that,  whilst  suffering  from  the  ill-will  and  greed  of  their  Glenurchay 
neighbour,  the  MacGregors  had  received  some  protection  from  the  Earls 
of  Argyle,  but  the  enormous  power  with  which  this  very  young  man  was 
invested  enabled  him  most  easily  to  force  those  dependent  on  him,  to 
carry  out  his  behests  whatever  they  might  be,  and  Argyle  had  enemies 
who  it  was  to  his  interest  either  to  put  out  of  the  way  or  reduce  to  sub- 
mission. The  same  complaint  of  double-dealing  and  of  stirring  up  the 
Clans  against  each  other  was  repeated  a  few  years  later,  in  the  case  of  the 
MacDonalds  and  others.^  We  cannot  hold  Argyle  guiltless  of  the  charges 
brought  against  him  by  Glenstray. 

^  J.  Hill  Burton,  in  his  "Narratives  from  Criminal  Trials  in  Scotland,"  referring  to  Glenstray's 
trial,  simply  states  that  he  does  not  believe  the  narrative  of  Glenstray  having  been  taken  across 
the  Border,  Sec.  His  disbelief  in  the  last  Declaration  naturally  corresponds  with  this  summary 

^  Gregory's  "  History  of  the  Islands  and  Isles,"  &c. 

Chapter  XXVI 

Conflict  of  Glenfruin,  1603 

THE  following  excerpts  are  from  the  collection  of  "Celebrated  Trials 
in  Scotland,"  with  critical  and  historical  remarks  by  Hugo  Arnot, 
Esq.,  Advocate,  1812  : — 

"  Alister  Macgregor  of  Glenstra,  Laird  of  Macgregor,  for  slaughtering  the  Laird 
of  Luss's  friends  and  plundering  his  lands. 

"  1604.  This  trial,  and  the  subsequent  proceedings  relating  to  the  ClanGregor, 
afford  the  most  characteristic  evidence  of  the  barbarous  state  of  the  Highlands  in 
those  times,  of  the  lawless  manners  of  the  people,  and  despicable  imbecility  of  the 
executive  arm.  The  crimes  with  which  the  prisoner  was  charged  resemble  more 
the  outrage  and  desolation  of  war  than  the  guilt  of  a  felon.  He  was  accused  of 
having  conspired  the  destruction  of  the  name  of  Colquhoun,  its  friends  and  allies, 
and  the  plunder  of  the  lands  of  Luss ;  of  having,  on  the  7.  of  Feb.  preceding, 
invaded  the  lands  of  Sir  Alexander  Colquhoun  of  Luss  with  a  body  of  400  men, 
composed  partly  of  his  own  Clan  and  of  the  Clan  Cameron,  and  of  lawless  thieves 
and  robbers,  equipped  in  arms,  and  drawn  up  on  the  field  of  Lennox  in  battle 
array ;  of  having  fought  with  Sir  Alexander,  who,  being  authorised  by  a  warrant 
from  the  Privy  Council,  had  convocated  his  friends  to  resist  this  lawless  host ;  of 
having  killed  about  140  of  Sir  Alexander's  men,  most  of  them  in  cold  blood,  after 
they  were  made  prisoners ;  of  having  carried  off  80  horses,  600  cows,  and  800 
sheep ;  and  of  burning  houses,  cornyards,  &c. 

"  A  jury  of  landed  gentlemen  of  most  respectable  family  sat  upon  the  prisoner. 
....  One  of  these  persons  indeed,  Thomas  Fallasdaill,^  burgess  of  Dumbarton, 
ought  to  have  been  kept  far  aloof  from  this  jury.  He  was  the  special  confident  and 
adviser  of  the  Laird  of  Luss ;  and  it  was  in  consequence  of  his  suggestion  that  the 
Laird  made  the  parade  before  his  Majesty  at  Stirling,  with  the  bloody  shirts,  stained 
with  the  gore  of  his  followers.     The  jury  unanimously  convicted  the  prisoner,  who, 

^  It  appears  from  the  indictment  of  Glenstray  that  David  Fallasdaill,  Burgess,  and  two  sons, 
Thomas  and  James,  were  slain  at  Glenfruin — all  probably  near  relations  of  the  Juror.  In  the 
Assize  of  March  i,  1604,  against  five  MacGregors,  besides  Thomas  Fallasdaill  on  the  Jury,  there 
was  John  Sempell  of  Foulwird,  the  Laird  who  had  joined  in  advising  the  display  of  shirts,  whilst 
WiUiam  Semphill  was  "tane  away  captive." 

3i6  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

in  consequence  of  the  verdict,  was  condemned  to  be  hanged  and  quartered  at  the 
Cross  of  Edinburgh,  his  Hmbs  to  be  stuck  up  in  the  chief  towns,  and  his  whole 
estate,  heritable  and  moveable,  to  be  forfeited.  Four  of  the  Laird  of  MacGregor's 
followers,  who  stood  trial  along  with  him,  were  convicted  and  condemned  to  the 
same  punishment,  eleven  on  the  17.  Feb.  and  six  on  the  i.  March,  and  many 
pages  of  the  criminal  record  are  engrossed  with  the  trials  of  the  MacGregors.  It 
became  the  object  of  national  attention  to  break  this  lawless  confederacy,  of  which 
the  object  was  pointed  revenge  and  indiscriminate  plunder,  supported  by  uniform 
contempt  of  the  laws  and  resistance  to  the  magistrates." 

The  whole  subject  of  the  Conflict  of  Glenfruin  has  such  deep  interest 
for  everyone  of  the  ClanGregor  that  it  is  desirable  to  give  here  in  full  the 
article  upon  it  in  the  records  of  Criminal  Trials  by  Robert  Pitcairne. 

("Mr  Williame  Hairt,  Justice-Depute.) 

** '  Field  of  the  Lennox,  or  Conflict  of  Glenfruine — Slaughter  of  the  Colquhouns 
—Stoutreif— Treason— Fire-Raising,  &a.' 

"  The  proscription  and  the  cruel  and  systematic  persecution  of  the  ClanGregor, 
for  a  long  series  of  years,  although,  in  the  abstract,  a  subject  familiar  to  every 
reader  of  Scottish  History,  has  hitherto  been  very  imperfectly  explained.  The 
Criminal  Records,  and  the  Acts  of  the  Privy  Council,  throw  much  light  on  all 
the  branches  of  this  extraordinary  event.  To  save  the  necessity  of  future  repetition, 
it  appears  to  the  Editor  to  be  necessary,  at  the  outset  of  these  proceedings,  to  give 
a  very  brief  sketch  of  the  circumstances  which  led  to  the  Field  of  the  Lennox — or 
'  the  Raid'  or  '  Conflict  of  Glenfruin ' ;  and  of  those  events  which  ultimately 
terminated  in  the  Execution  of  the  Laird  of  Macgregor,  and  of  many  others  of  his 
name.  All  the  future  oppression  and  persecution  of  the  race  of  the  Macgregors 
ostensibly  take  their  rise  from  this  conflict. 

"The  ClanGregor  which,  from  whatever  causes,  had  been  for  some  time 
looked  upon  as  an  unruly  tribe,  was,  for  some  years  previous  to  1603,  placed 
under  the  control  of  Archibald  (seventh)  Earl  of  Argyle,  who,  as  King's 
Lieutenant  in  the  '  Bounds  of  the  ClanGregor,'  was  invested  with  very  extensive 
powers,  and  who,  by  his  acceptance  of  the  office,  was  made  answerable  for  all 
excesses  committed  by  this  Clan.  In  these  circumstances,  it  might  be  supposed 
that  it  was  Argyle's  interest,  as  it  certainly  was  his  duty,  to  have  done  all  in  his 
power  to  retain  the  ClanGregor  in  obedience  to  the  laws  ;  but,  on  the  contrary,  it 
appears  that  from  the  time  he  first,  as  King's  Lieutenant,  acquired  the  complete 
control  of  the  MacGregors,  the  principal  use  he  made  of  his  power,  was  artfully  to  stir 
up  the  Clan  to  various  acts  of  aggression  and  hostility  against  his  own  personal  enemies, 
of  whom  it  is  known  Colquhoun  of  Luss  was  one.  It  is  to  this  crafty  and  perfidious 
system  of  the  Earl,  therefore,  that  we  must  solely  trace  the  feud  between  the 

Pitcairne's  Criminal  Trials  317 

Colquhouns  and  Macgregors,  which  proved,  in  the  end,  so  hurtful  to  both  ;  a 
result,  no  doubt,  all  along  contemplated  by  this  powerful  but  treacherous  Nobleman. 
But  it  is  unnecessary  to  enlarge  on  this  point,  as  the  Dying  Declaration  of  the 
Laird  of  Macgregor  places  in  a  very  clear  light  the  cruel  and  deceitful  policy 
pursued  by  Argyle,  and  which  was  too  frequently  resorted  to  by  others,  in  those 
days,  for  quieting  the  Highlands.  It  may  be  remarked,  that  this  interesting 
document,  besides  undoubtedly  bearing  internal  evidence  of  truth,  is  corroborated, 
in  almost  every  detail  of  it,  by  the  Public  Records. 

"  It  is  also  to  be  remarked,  as  particularly  worthy  of  notice,  that  at  the  period  of 
this  fatal  conflict,  both  of  the  contending  parties  were,  in  a  manner,  equally  armed 
with  the  Royal  authority  ;  the  Laird  of  Luss  having  raised  his  forces  under  a 
commission,  emanating  from  the  King  himself;  while  the  Laird  of  MacGregor 
marched  to  invade  the  Lennox,  under  the  paramount  authority  of  the  King's 
Lieutenant."  ^ 

It  is  unnecessary  to  quote  the  repetition  of  refutation  of  the  alleged 
murder  of  Sir  Humphrey,  which  error  has  been  sufficiently  cleared  up 

' '  The  popular  accounts  of  this  transaction  charge  the  MacGregors  with  two 

atrocities  committed  after  the  battle, and  the  Slaughter  of  a  number  of 

defenceless  boys  from  the  Grammar  School  or  College  of  Dumbarton,  who,  from 
curiosity,  came  to  see  the  fight,  and  had  by  Colquhoun's  orders,  been  put  into  a 
barn  for  safety ;  where,  on  the  success  of  the  Highlanders,  they  were  said  to  have 

been  murdered It  is  enough  to  state  that  this  circumstance  forms  no 

point  of  any  of  the  Dittays  against  those  of  the  MacGregors  who  were  tried  for 
their  share  of  the  battle,  although  every  criminal  act  which  could  be  possibly 
adduced  against  each  of  them  is  carefully  inserted  in  their  Indictments.  Such  an 
atrocious  fact  could  not  have  escaped  the  notice  of  all  his  Majesty's  Advocates,  for 
such  a  length  of  time — and  there  was  no  lack  of  informers.  It  is  thought  that  this 
massacre  is  alluded  to  in  the  Records  of  the  Privy  Council,  Jan.  5.  1609,  where  it 
is  stated  that  *  Allan  Oig  M'^Intach,  in  Glenco,'  when  aiding  the  ClanGregor  at 
Glenfruin,  '  with  his  awne  hand,  murdered  without  pity,  the  number  of  forty  poor 
persons,  who  were  naked  and  without  armour.'  " 

According  to  Pitcairne's  usual  plan,  some  passages  from  contemporary 
MSS.  are  appended  in  illustration  of  the  facts. 

"1604.  Jan.  20.  AUaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra,  Patrik  Aldoche^  M'^Gregour, 
Williame  M'^Neill  his  seruand,  Duncane  Pudrache  M'^Gregour  and  Allaster 
M'^Gregour  M'^Kean.^ 

1  Vide  previous  Chapter.  ^  Younger  brother  of  Duncan  Abroch. 

*  Younger  son  of  Gregor  of  Brackly — he  was  second  cousin  of  Patrick  Aldoch  in  the  male  line. 

3i8  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Dilatit,  accusit,  and  persewit,  at  the  instance  of  Sir  Thomas  Hammiltoun  of 
Momkland,  knycht,  aduocate  to  our  souerane  Lord,  &a  off  the  crymes  following : 
Forsamekill  as  thay  and  ilk  ane  of  thame  accumpaneit  with  umqle  Johnne  Dow, 
brother  to  the  said  Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra,  and  vtheris  thair  kin,  friendis 
and  of  thair  counsall,  haifing  concludit  the  distructioune  of  Alexander  Colquhoune 
of  Luse,  his  kyn,  freindis  and  alya,  and  the  haill  surname  of  the  Balquhannanis,  and 
to  herrie  thair  landis ;  thay  convenit  to  thameselffis  the  Clanhamrone,  the  Clanan- 
verich,  and  dyuerse  vtheris  brokin  men  and  soirneris,  to  the  number  of  foure 
hundreth  men,  or  thairby,  all  bodin  feir  of  weir,  with  hagbuttis,  pistolettis,  murrionis, 
mailzie-cottis,  pow-aixes,  tua-handit-swoirdis,  bowis,  darloches,  and  vtheris  wappones, 
invasiue,  incontraire  the  tennour  of  the  Actis  of  Parliament :  And  for  the  perform- 
ance of  thair  wicked  conclusioune,  vpon  the  sevint  day  of  Februare  last  bypast 
come  fordward,  in  arrayit  battell,  to  the  Landis  of  Glenfrwne,  pertening  to  the 
Laird  of  Luse ;  quhair  the  said  Laird  of  Luse.  accumpaneit  with  certane  of  his 
freindis,  war  convenit,  be  vertew  of  our  Soerane  lordis  Commissioun,  to  resist  the 
saidis  persones  crewall  interpryses ;  and  thair  set  vpone  him,  his  kyn  and  freindis, 
and  crewallie  invaidit  thame  for  thair  slauchteris,  schamefuUie,  crewallie  and  bar- 
baruslie  murdreist  and  slew  Peter  Naper  of  Kilmahew;  Johnne  Buchannane  of 
Buchlyvie  ;  Tobias  Smallet,  bailzie  of  Dumbarten ;  Dauid  Fallesdaill,  burges  thair ; 
Thomas  and  James  Fallesdaillis  his  sones ;  Walter  Colquhoun  of  Barnehill ;  Johne 
Colquhoun  fear  thairof ;  Adam  and  Johne  Colquhounes  sones  to  the  Laird  of  Camp- 
stradden ;  Johne  Colquhoun  of  Dalmure,  and  dyueris  persones  our  souerane  lordis 
leigis,  to  the  number  of  sevin  scoir  personis  or  thairby ;  the  maist  pairt  of  thame 
being  taen  captiues  be  the  saidis  M'^Gregouris  befoir  thai  pat  violent  handis 
in  thame,  and  crewallie  slew  thame.  And  tressonabillie  tuik  Williame  Sempill  and 
dyueris  vtheris,  our  souerane  lordis  frie  legis,  and  convoyit  thame  away  captiue  with 
thame,  and  be  way  of  maisterfuU  Stouthreif  staw,  reft  and  away-tuik  sax  hundreth  ky 
and  oxin,  aucht  hundreth  scheip  and  gait,  fourtene  scoir  of  horse  and  meiris,  with 
the  haill  plenissing,  guidis,  and  geir,  aff  the  fourscoir  pund  land  of  Luse  ;  and  at  the 
samyn  tyme,  tressonabillie  raisit  ffyre  in  the  houssis  and  bame-zairdis  thairof,  brunt, 
waistit  and  distroyit  the  samyn,  with  the  coirnis  being  thairin.  And  the  foirsaidis 
personis  and  ilk  ane  of  thame  ar  airt  and  pairt  of  the  saidis  crewall,  horrible  and 
tressonabill  crymes  ;  the  lyk  quhairof  was  nevir  committit  within  this  realme ;  Com- 
mitting thairby  manifest  Tressone,  in  hie  and  manifest  contempt  of  our  souerane 
lord,  his  hienes  auctorite  and  lawis. 

Sir  Thomas  Stewart  of  Garnetullie,  Moyses  Wallace  burges  of  Edr. 

Colene  Campbell  younger  of  Glenorchie,    Sir    Robert    Creychtoune     of    Clwny 

Alexander  Menzies  of  Weyme,  Robert  Robertsoun  of  Faskeil, 

PItcairne's  Criminal  Trials  319 

Robert  Robertsoun  of  Strowane,  Thomas  Fallasdaill  burges  of  Dumbar- 

Johne  Naper  fiear  of  ISIerchinstoune,  Johne  Herring  of  Lethendie, 

Johne  Blair  younger  of  that  Ilk,  William  Stewart,  Capitane  of  Dumbar. 

Johne  Grahame  of  Knockdoliane,  Harie  Drummond  of  Blair, 

Johne  Blair  elder  of  that  Ilk. 

"  For  verificatioun  quhairof,  the  said.  Sir  Thomas  Hammiltoun  of  Monkland, 
aduocat,  produceit  the  saidis  persones  Depositionis  and  Confessiones,  maid  be 
thame  in  presens  of  dyuerse  lordis  of  his  hienes  Secreit  Counsall  and  Sessioun, 
subscryuit  with  thair  handis.  The  Aduocat  askit  instrumentis,  i.  Of  the  sweiring 
of  the  Assyse,  and  protestit  for  Wilfull  errour  aganis  thame,  in  cais  thay  acquit. 
2.  Of  the  sweiring  of  the  Dittay  be  the  Laird  of  Luse.  3.  Of  the  productioune  of 
the  pannellis  Depositiones  to  the  Assyse. 

"  Verdict.  The  Assyse,  all  in  ane  voce,  be  the  mouth  of  Johne  Blair  elder  of 
that  Ilk.  ffand  pronuncet  and  declarit  the  saidis  AUaster  ISrGregour  of  Glenstra,  &:a 
to  be  fylet,  culpable  and  convict  of  the  crymes  aboue  specifeit. 

"  Sentence.  And  thairfoir,  the  Justice-depute,  ffinding  the  saidis  crj-mes  to  be 
tressonabill,  be  the  mouth  of  James  Hendersoun  dempstar  of  Court,  Ordainit  the 
saidis  persones  to  be  tane  to  the  mercat-croce  of  Edinburgh,  and  thair  to  be  hangit 
vpone  ane  gibbet  quhill  thay  be  deid ;  and  thairefter  thair  heidis,  legis,  airmes  and 
remanent  pairtis  of  thair  bodeis  to  be  quarterit  and  put  vpone  publict  places,  and 
thair  haill  landis,  heritageis,  annuel  rentis,  takis,  steidingis,  rowmes,  possessiones, 
coires,  cattell,  guidis,  geir,  and  sowmes  of  money  pertening  to  thame,  to  be  fforfaltit, 
escheit  and  inbrocht  to  our  souerane  lordis  vse,  as  convict  of  the  saidis  tressonabill 

"  Footnote.^  The  matter  is  thus  noticed  by  Birrel  and  Fleming.  '  The  9.  of  Feb. 
(1603)  the  Laird  of  MacGregour.  with  fourhunder  of  his  name  and  factioune,  enterit 
the  Lennox,  quhair  he  maid  spulzie  and  slauchter,  to  the  nwmber  of  60  honest  men, 
besyid  wemen  and  beamis.  He  spareit  nane  quhair  he  come.' — Birrel's  Diary. 
*  (April  9.)  Proclamatioun  sumonding  all  the  M'^Gregouris  to  compere  and  wnderly 
the  law  for  the  slauchter  of  the  Laird  of  Luss  and  men  of  Dumbartane.' — Fleming's 
MS.  Chronicle. 

"Documents  illustrative  of  'The  Field  of  the  Lennox  or  Conflict  of  Glenfrune' 
and  of  the  Proceedings  against  the  Laird  of  MacGregor  and  his  Clan. 

"  I.  Extract  from  Calderwood's  MS.  Church  History,  Advocates'  Library,  vol. 
v.  p.  677— 

"  '  Upon  the  8.  of  Feb.  a  great  company  of  somers  and  broken  Highland  men  of 
the  Clane  of  Mackgrigore,  the  number  of  400  men,  came  down  to  Lennox  to  reave 

In  Arnot's  edition  of  Pitcairne. 

320  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

and  spoyle.  The  people  of  the  country  convened  to  make  impediment.  There 
were  slaine  of  the  country  people,  specially  of  the  surname  of  Colquhoun,  to  the 
number  of  fourscore  persons  or  thereby  ;  of  which  number  were  landed  men  of 
good  rank.  The  Laird  of  Luce  himself,  Chief  of  the  Colquhouns,  escaped 
narrowly.  They  carried  away  looo  head  of  cattell,  besides  other  insight  and 
plenishing.  It  was  reported,  that  that  was  done  at  the  instigation  of  the  Duke  of 
Lennox  his  lady,  seeking  the  wrack  of  the  Laird  of  Luce,  who  held  of  the  King  and 
not  of  the  Duke.' 

"  IL  Extract  from  MS.  History  of  Scotland,  Anon.  Advocates'  Library,  A.  4.  35 — 
"  '  Now  on  the  2.  day  of  Oct.  (1603)  the  Laird  of  Arkinles  takis  in  hand  to  the 
Erll  of  Argyill,  to  tak  the  Laird  of  MacGregour;  and  callis  him  to  ane  bankatt  in 
his  hous,  quhilk  hous  stuid  within  ane  Loche ;  and  thair  takis  him  prissoner  to  send 
him  to  Argyll.  And  putting  him  in  ane  boitt,  with  fywe  menne  with  him  by  thame 
that  eowit  the  boitt ;  he  seing  him  selff  betreiflRt,  gettis  his  handis  lowse ;  and 
striking  him  our  burd  that  was  narrest  him  he  lowpis  in  the  watter,  and  out-sowmis 
to  the  land.  And  so  escheappis  wntene  (untaken)  for  the  presentt.  Now  the  Erll 
Argyill,  perseaffing  that  he  was  eschappit,  he  sendis  to  him ;  desiring  him  to  cum  to 
him,  that  he  mycht  confer  with  him,  wnder  promeis  to  let  him  gang  frie  gif  thay 
culd  nocht  agrie.  Wpoun  the  quhilk,  the  Laird  Macgregour  come  to  him ;  and  at 
his  cuming  was  well  ressauit  be  the  Erll ;  quha  schew  him,  that  he  was  commandit 
be  the  King  to  bring  him  in ;  bot  he  had  no  doubt  bot  his  Majesty  wald,  at  his 
requeist  pardoun  his  offence  ;  and  he  suld  with  all  diligense,  send  tua  Gentill 
menne  to  Ingland  with  him,  and  suld  with  all  diligense  follow  him  selff.  Wpoun 
the  quhilk  fair  promeissis  he  was  content ;  and  come  with  the  Erll  of  Argyll  to 
Edinburgh;  quhair,  on  the  10  day  he  was  be  the  Gaird  conwoyit  to  Berwick, 
within  Inglis  grund,  and  syne  brocht  back  to  Edinburgh.  And  on  the  20  day 
he  was  hangit  at  the  Corse,  with  tenne  of  his  kin  and  friendis  hangit  with  him 
to  the  gritt  discredeit  of  the  Erll  Argyill,  quha  wes  the  doare  of  the  samin.' 

"in.  Extract  from  Robert  Birrel's  Diary,  MS.  Advocates'  Library  (p.  138) — 
'"The  2  of  Oct.  (1603.)  Allester  M'^Gregourof  Glainstretane  be  theLairdof  Arkyn- 
les,  bot  scapit  agine  ;  bot  efter,  taken  be  the  Earle  of  Argyill  the  4  of  Jan.  and  brocht 
to  Edinburche  the  9.  of  Jan.  1604.  with  18  mae  of  his  freindis,  M'^Gregouris.     He 
wes  convoyit  to  Berwick  be  the  Gaird  conforme  to  the  Earlis  promese  for  he  pro- 
mesit  to  put  him  out  of  Scottis  grund.     Swa  he  keipit  ane  Hieland-manis  promes  ; 
in  respect  he  sent  the  Gaird  to  convoy  him  out  of  Scottis  grund  :    Bot  thai  wer  not 
directit  to  pairt  with  him,  bot  to  fetche  him  bak  agane.     The  18  of  Januar,  at 
evine,  he  come  agane  to  Edinburghe  ;  and  vpone  the  20  day,  he  wes  hangit  at  the 
Croce,  and  ij  (eleven)  of  his  freindis  and  name  upone  the  gallons ;    Himselff,  being 
chieff,  he  wes  hangit  his  awin  hicht  abone  the  rest  of  hes  freindis.' 
"  IV.  Extract  from  Calderwood's  MS.  Church  History — 
'"Upon  the  iS  of  Januar,  Mackgregore  was  conveyed  be  the  guard  who  attended 

Glenstray's  Dying  Declaration         321 

upon  the  Counsell  to  Berwick,  because  Argyle  promised  to  him,  when  he  rendered 
himself,  that  he  sould  be  caried  to  Ingland  :  But  post  was  appointed  to  meet  him 
to  caus  bring  them  back  againe  which  was  done.  Immediately,  upon  the  20  of 
Januar,  he,  and  sundrie  of  his  Clane  were  hanged  in  Edinburgh.  Sevine  of  thair 
number  came  in,  long  before,  as  pleadges  for  performance  of  certaine  conditions, 
which  were  to  be  filled  by  their  Chief;  but  they  were  hanged  with  the  rest,  without 
the  knowledge  of  ane  i\ssyse.  They  were  young  men,  and  reputed  honest  for  their 
own  parts.  The  Laird  of  Makgrigore  was  hanged  a  pinne  above  the  rest.  A 
young  man  called  James  Hope,  beholding  the  execution,  fell  down,  and  power  was 
taken  from  half  of  his  body.  When  he  was  carried  to  ane  house,  he  cryed,  that 
"  one  of  the  Highland  men  had  shott  him  with  ane  arrow."  "  He  died  upon  the 
sabbath  day  after."  ' 

"Footnote.  Fleming  in  his  Chronicle  (MS.  Advocates'  Library)  thus  records 
the  event.  The  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  hangit  at  Edinburgh  and  xj  of  his  unhappie 
kin.  They  hang  all  nicht  on  the  gallous.  This  almost  unexampled  act  of  perfidy, 
on  the  part  of  Argyle  the  King's  Lieutenant,  and  the  Justice  General  of  Scotland, 
gives  a  lamentable  picture  of  those  unhappy  times  ;  and  it  would  appear  that  the 
government  seemed  to  think  it  no  discredit  to  take  advantage  of  such  an  infamous 
breach  of  trust. 

"V.  The  Laird  of  M'^Gregours  Declaratioun,  produceit  the  tyme  of  conviction. 

"  '  I,  AUester  Magrigour  of  Glenstra,  Confesse  heir  before  God,  that  I  have  bein 
persuadit,  movit  and  intysit,  as  I  am  presentlie  accusit  and  trublit  for ;  alse  gif  I 
had  usit  counsall  or  command  of  the  man  that  hes  Intysit  me,  I  wald  have  done 
and  committit  sindrie  heich  Murthouris  mair ;  ffor  trewlie,  sen  I  was  first  his 
Majesteis  man,  I  culd  never  be  at  ane  else,  by  my  Lord  of  Argylls  falshete  and 
inventiones  ;  for  he  causit  M'^Claine  and  Glenchamrowne  committ  herschip  and 
slauchter  in  my  rium  of  Rennoche,^  the  quhilk  causit  my  pure  men  therefter  to 
bege  and  steill :  Also,  therefter,  he  moweit  my  brother  and  sum  of  my  freindis  to 
commit  baith  herschip  and  slauchter  upoune  the  Laird  of  Luss  :  Also  he  persuadit 
myselfe,  with  message  to  weir  aganis  the  Laird  of  Boauhanene,  quhilk  I  did  refuise ; 
for  the  quhilk  I  was  contenowalie  bostit  (threatened)  that  he  sould  be  my  unfriend ; 
and  quhen  I  did  refuise  his  desire  in  that  point,  then  intysit  me  with  uther 
messingeris,  as  be  the  Laird  of  M'^knachtane  and  utheris  of  my  freindis,  to  weir  and 
truble  the  Laird  of  Luss  ;  quhilk  I  behufifit  to  do  for  his  fals  boutgaittis  (roundabout 
ways)  Then  quhen  he  saw  I  was  at  ane  strait  he  cawsit  me  trow  he  was  ray  guid 
freind ;  bot  I  did  persave  he  was  slaw  therin ;  Then  I  made  my  moyan  to  pleis  his 
Majestic  and  Lords  of  Counsall,  baith  of  service  and  obedience,  to  puneische  faul- 
touris  and  to  saif  innosent  men ;  and  quhen  Argyll  was  maid  foresein  (informed) 
thereof,  he  intysit  me  to  stay  and  start  fra  thay  conditions,  causing  me  to  understand 

1  Glenurchy  introduced  Keppoch  and  others  into  the  Isle  of  Loch  Ranoch  1564,  but  no  such 
act  on  the  part  of  the  Earl  of  Argyle  appears  on  record. — Ed. 

2  S 

322  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

that  I  was  dissavit ;  bot  with  fair  wordis  to  put  me  in  ane  snair,  that  he  mycht  gett 
the  lands  of  Kintyre  in  feyell  (fee  feu-farm)  fra  his  Majestic,  begane  to  putt  at  me 
and  my  kin ;  The  quhilk  Argyll  inventit,  maist  schamefullie,  and  persuadit  the 
Laird  of  Ardkinlaiss  to  dissave  me,  quha  was  the  man  I  did  maist  trest  into  ;  bot 
God  did  releif  me  in  the  mean  tyme  to  libertie  maist  narrowlie.  Neuertheless, 
Argyll  maid  the  oppin  bruit  (report)  that  Ardkinlaiss  did  all  that  by  falsheid,  by  his 
Knawlege  quhilk  he  did  intyse  me,  with  oft  and  sindrie  messages,  that  he  wald 
mak  my  peace  and  saif  my  lyfe  and  landis  only  to  puneis  certane  faltouris  of  my 
kin,  and  my  innosent  freindis  to  renunce  thair  surname,  and  to  leif  peaseablie. 
Vpone  the  quhilk  conditioune  he  was  suorne  be  ane  ayth  to  his  freindis ;  and  they 
suorne  to  me ;  and  als  I  haif  his  warrand  and  handwrytt  therevpon.  The  promeis. 
gif  they  be  honestlie  keipit,  I  let  God  be  the  Juge.  And  at  our  meting  in  oure 
awin  chalmer,  he  vas  suorne  to  me  in  witnes  of  his  awin  freind.  Attour,  I  confess 
befor  God  that  he  did  all  his  craftie  diligence  to  intyse  me  to  slay  and  destroy  the 
Laird  Ardinkaippill,  M'^Kallay,  for  ony  ganes  kyndness  or  freidschip  that  he 
mycht  do  or  gif  me.  The  quhilk  I  did  refuis,  in  respect  of  my  faithfuU  promeis 
maid  to  M'^kallay  of  befor.  Also  he  did  all  the  diligence  he  culd  to  mowe  me  to 
slay  the  Laird  of  Ardkyndlas,  in  lykmaner ;  bot  I  neuer  grantit  therto ;  Throw  the 
quhilk  he  did  invy  me  grettumly.  And  now,  seing  God  and  man  seis  it  is  greide- 
nes  of  warldlie  geir  quhilkis  causis  him  to  putt  at  me  and  my  kin,  and  not  the  weill 
of  the  realme,  nor  to  pacifie  the  samyn,  nor  to  his  Majesties  honour,  bot  to  putt 
down  innosent  men,  to  cause  pure  bairnes  and  infantis  bege,  and  pure  wemen  to 
perisch  for  hunger,  quhen  thay  ar  hereit  of  thair  geir ;  The  quhilk,  I  pray  God  that 
this  faltis  lycht  not  upon  his  Majestic  heircfter,  nor  upon  his  successione.  Quher- 
for  I  wald  beseik  God  that  his  Majestic  knew  the  weratie,  that  at  this  hour  I  wald 
be  content  to  tak  bancisment,  with  all  my  kin  that  was  at  the  Laird  of  Lussis 
slaucgter,  and  all  utheris  of  thame  that  ony  fait  can  be  laid  to  thair  charge  ;  And 
his  majestic  of  his  mcrcie,  to  lat  pure  innosent  men  and  young  bairnes  pass  to 
libertie,  and  to  lernc  to  leiff  as  innocent  men ;  The  quhilk  I  wald  fulfill,  bot  ony 
kynd  of  faill,  quhilk  wald  be  mair  to  the  will  of  God,  and  his  Majesties  honour, 
nor  the  greidic  cruell  forme  that  is  devysit,  only  for  leuf  of  geir,  haueing  nether 
respect  to  God  nor  honestie.' 

"  Footnote.  The  Original  of  the  very  interesting  paper  now  given,  is  preserved  in 
the  General  Register  House,  and  is  in  the  hand  of  the  then  Clerk  of  Secret  Council, 
James  Primrose.  It  is  marked  as  'Prescntit  be  Mr  Williame  Hairt'  (of  Livilands), 
as  an  article  of  evidence  of  his  guilt  at  his  trial.  Glenstray  had  surrendered  to 
Argyll,  on  condition  of  his  being  permitted  to  go  to  England ;  by  which  the  former 
meant  that  he  should  visit  the  English  Court  and  have,  if  possible,  access  to  the 
King.  It  was  obviously  Argyll's  policy  to  prevent  this  ;  but  that  he  might  fulfil 
his  promise,  he  sent  him  under  a  strong  escort  of  troops,  to  beyond  the  river 
Tweed,  at  Berwick,  where  the  soldiers  wheeling  to  the  right  about,  made  Mac- 

Pitcairne's  Criminal  Trials  323 

Gregor  retrace  his  steps.     He  was  two  days  only  in  Edinburgh,  after  his  return 
from  England,  when  he  was  executed. — See  Sir  James  Balfour's  Annals. 

"  In  the  Lord  Treasurer's  Books  of  Scotland,  Nov.  1602,  is  the  following  entry  : 
'  Item  to  Patrik  M'^omeis,  messinger,  passand  of  Edinburgh  with  lettres  to  charge 
Archibald  Earle  of  Argyle  to  compeir  personallie  befoir  the  Counsall,  the  xvi  day 
of  Dec.  nixt,  to  ansuer  to  sic  thingis  as  salbe  inquirit  at  him,  tuiching  his  lying  at 
await  for  the  Laird  of  Ardincapill,  vpon  set  purpois  to  have  slane  him.'  Pitcairne 
next  alludes  to  the  Bond  of  Clanship  between  Glenstray  and  MacAulay  of  1591  as 
on  page  231,  regarding  which  he  adds  :  '  This  instrument  had  as  would  seem,  been 
discovered  by  the  Government,  and  led  to  the  suspicion  that  MacAulay  had  aided 
Glenstray  in  the  feud  of  Glenfruin.  MacAulay  seems  to  have  escaped  death,  by 
being  under  the  protection  of  the  Duke  of  Lennox,  and  forming  one  of  his  train  or 
"tail"  in  the  King's  journey  to  England,  to  take  possession  of  the  English  Throne.' 

"  Field  of  Glenfrune — Murder — Fire-raising,  &a. 
"1604.  Feb.  17.     Johnne  Dow  M'^Ewin  M'^Gregour,  Patrik  M'^Ilvarnoch  his 
man,    Duncan    M'^inham    M'^Gregour,    Duncan    M'^AUester   Vrek,    AUester 
M'^Ewin   V^Condochie,    Johnne    M'^ean    V^Gregour,    Ewin    M'^condochie 
clerich,  Johnne  Ammonoche  M'^Gregour,  Duncan  Beg  M'^Gregour  V^CouU 
chere,  Gregour  M'^NicoU  in  Dalveich,  Johnne  Dow  M'^condochie  V^Ewin. 
Dilatit  of  certane  crymes  of  Murthour,   Thift,   Soirning;    and  for  being  at  the 
ffeild  of  Glenfrune,  in  companie  with  vmquhile  AUaster  of  Glenstra,  his  kyn  and 
freindis ;  and  of  the  Slauchteris,  fifyre  raising,  Reiff  and  Herschippis  committit  in 
the  moneth  of  ffeb. 

"  1603  yeiris,  aganis  the  Laird  of  Luse,  his  freindis  and  pairtakeris,  viz. 
"  I.  Johnne  Dow  M'^Ewin  M'^Gregour,^  for  his  intercommuning  with  umqle 
Allaster  M'^Gregour  of  Glenstra,  vmqle  Patrik  Aulauch  M'^Gregour  and  utheris 
thair  complices,  quha  war  at  the  tressonabill  burning  of  Robert  Wattersones  barne 
of  Kallechoit,  and  at  the  steilling  of  the  Laird  of  Merchinstounes  oxin ;  committit 
in  Sep.  last.  Item  of  airt  and  pairt  of  the  thiftuous  steilling,  furth  of  Andro  Allan's 
house  in  Kippine,  of  fyve  ky  ;  committit  in  Oct.  last.  Item  for  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
slauchter  of  vmqle  Johnne  Drummond  in  Drony  of  Cowgask  ;  committit  in  Aug.  last. 
Item  for  airt  and  pairt  of  the  steilling  of  ane  milk  zow  (ewe)  fra  Patrik  M'^Boricht, 
furth  of  his  dueUing  hous  of  Glenmawak  :  committit  in  Sep.  last.  And  siclyk,  of 
cowmone  Thift  and  cowmon  resett  of  thift. 

"  Patrik  M'^kilvarnoch,  servand  to  the  said  Johnne  Dow,  of  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
haill  crymes  aboue  writtin ;  as  being  in  companie  with  his  said  maister  thairat. 

"  2.  Duncan  M'^inham  (M'^ean  cham)  V^Gregour,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
thiftuous  steilling  fra  Eduard  Reidoche  of  fyve  horse  and  meiris  ;  committit  in  the 

moneth  of Im  Vc  fourscoir  and  fourtene  yeiris  (1594).     Item  of  airt  and 

'  Second  son  of  Ewin,  Tutor  of  Glenstray. 

324  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

pairt  of  the  thiftuous  steilling  fra  Allaster  ^rcondochie  Vic  James  Robiesone,  in 
Callewin,  of  ten  horsis  and  meiris  ;  committit  in  the  moneth  of  .  .  .  yeiris. 

"3.  Duncane  M^AUaster  Vrek  in  Fame,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the  thiftious 
steilHng  furth  of  the  Laird  of  Strowane's  crandoche  of  his  haill  insichtworth  Imlib. 
Item  for  the  airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchter  of  vmqle  Donald  Dereiff.  Item  for  the 
airt  and  pairt  of  the  thiftious  steiUing  furth  of  the  landis  of  Downance  in  Menteith, 
of  fourtie  ky,  tuelf  horsis;  committit  1588.  And  for  intercovvmoning  with  the 
Laird  of  AFGregour ;  And  for  covvmone  thift  and  cowmone  resset  of  thift. 

"  4.  Ewin  ^rCondochie  Clerich,  ffor  his  tressonabill  intercovvmoning  with 
vmqle  the  Laird  of  AL^Gregour,  and  geving  him  supplie  and  comforte. 

"  5.  Johnne  Ammonache  M'^Gregour  in  Kingart,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
thiftious  steilling  if  sax  scheip  furth  of  Schandballie ;  committit  aucht  yeir  syne  or 
thairby.     Item  for  cowmone  Thift  and  cowmone  resset  of  thift. 

"  6.  Allaster  IVrewin  V^condochie,  in  Couldar,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the  heirschip 
of  the  Downance  in  Menteith ;  and  of  the  slauchteris  then  committit ;  and 
speciallie  of  the  slauchter  of  vmple  Andro  Grahame. 

"  7.  Gregour  M'^Neill  alias  Cownache,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the  crewall  murthour 
and  slachter  of  vmqle  the  fifidler  ]\rkillope,  within  his  awin  hous  in  Dalvey ;  com- 
mittit at  Andersmes,  1602.  Item  ffor  the  thiftious  ressetting  and  tressonabill  inter- 
covvmoning (of  vmqle  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  ?)  efter  he  wes  discharget  be  pro- 

"  8.  Johnne  M'^Kean  V^Gregour,  in  Glenogill  vnder  Tawie  barne,  ffor  the 
crewall  murthour,  slauchter  and  drowning  of  M'^killopis  wyfe  that  duelt  in  Glenart- 
nay,  being  in  company  with  vmqle  Patrik  Aulach  committit  in  harvest  last.  Item 
for  resset  of  the  brokin  men  of  the  M'^Gregouris,  within  his  duelling-hous,  and 
tressonabill  intercowmoning  with  thame  aganis  his  hienes  Proclamatioune. 

"  9.  Duncan  Beg  IN^Gregour  V^CouU  Chere,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the  crewall 
Murthour  and  slauchter  of  sevin  scoir  persones  slain  at  Glenfrwne ;  and  heischip 
than  committit  thairin,  in  the  moneth  of  Feb.  1603.  Item  for  cowmone  thift  and 
ressett  of  thift ;  And  for  the  tressonabill  intercowmoning  with  vmqle  the  Laird 
of  M'^Gregour,  eftir  he  was  discharget  be  proclamatioune. 


Mr  Moreis  Drummond  of  Culcherie,  Thomas  Fallasdaill  in  Ardoche, 

James  SpreuU  ffiear  of  Cowden,  Dauid  Muschet  of  Orcheardheid, 

Colene  Campbell  of  Aberuchill,  Johnne  Buchannane  of  Ibert, 

Mungo  Lyndsay  of  Ballull,  Jacobi  Edmestoun  of  Newtoun, 

Robert  Naper  of  Blakzairdis,  Johnne  Naper  of  Kilmahew, 

Mungo  Buchannane  in  Tulliechewin,  Dauid  Drummond  in  Drymen, 

James  Dennystoune  of  Cowgrane,  Johnne  Muschet  at  the  mylne  of  Tor, 
Harrie  Mitchell  in  Darra. 

Pitcairne's  Criminal  Trials  325 

The  Aduocat  askit  instrumentis  of  the  sweiring  of  the  Assyse ;  of  Johnne  Dowis 
Declaratioune,  that  Patrik  M'^ilvaraoch  his  man  hes  bene  with  him  this  tua  yeir 
bygane,  and  is  pairtaker  of  all  his  factis.  The  Aduocat,  for  verifeing  the  poyntis  of 
Dittay,  producet  the  Kingis  Proclamatioune,  Actis  of  Secreit  Counsall,  contenit  in 
the  buik  of  Secreit  Counsall  produceit,  and  askit  instrumentis  thairvpoune ;  And 
protestit  for  wilful  1  Errour  aganis  the  Assyse  in  caise  thai  acquit. 

"  Verdict.  The  Assysis,  be  the  mouth  of  Dauit  Drummond,  chancellor  ffand 
pronunceit,  and  declairit  the  siadis  persones  to  be  fylet,  culpable  and  convict  of  the 
perticular  poyntis  of  Dittay  aboue  written. 

"Sentence.  The  Justice-depute  decernit  and  adjuget  the  said  John  Dow 
(M'^Ewin)  &a  to  be  tane  to  the  mercait-croce  of  Edinburgh,  and  thair  to  be  hangit 
vpoun  ane  gibbet  quhill  thai  be  deid ;  and  all  thir  moveabill  guidis  to  be 
escheit  and  inbrocht  to  our  souerane's  Lordis  vse,  as  convict  of  the  saidis 

"  Footnote.  *  The  i8  of  Feb.  1604.  9  of  the  name  of  MacGregor  hangit  quho 
had  lain  lang  in  the  Tolbuith.' — Birrel. 

"  Field  of  Glenfrune — Slaughter  of  the  Colquhouns  &a. 

"  1604.  March  i.  Neill  M'^Gregour  in  Meirie  (Mewie)i  Patrik  Gair  ]\rGregour,2 
Donald  Roy  M'^Gregour,  Duncane  M'^Gregour,  Donald  Graffiche^  ^rCadanich. 

"Dilatit,  accusit  and  persewit  for  being  in  company  with  vmqle  Allaster 
M^Gregour  of  Glenstra  and  his  complices,  at  the  ffield  of  Glenfrwne,  and  of 
airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchter  of  sevin  scoir  persones,  being  all  freindis,  servandis 
assisteris  and  pairtackeris  with  the  Laird  of  luse  at  the  said  ffield,  and  of  the  heirsch- 
ippis  thair  committit  be  the  said  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  his  complices ;  And  of 
the  tressonabill  raising  of  fyre  and  burning  of  dyuerse  houssis,  within  the  boundis 
foirsaid,  committit  in  the  moneth  of  Feb.  1603.  And  siclyk,' for  intercowmoning 
with  the  said  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  personis  foirsaidis,  his  complices,  that  war  at 
the  said  slaughter  and  heirschip,  sen  the  committing  thairof.  And  als,  the  said 
Patrik  Gair  M'^Gregour  being  indyttit  and  accuset  for  the  hounding  out  of  his  thre 
sones  to  the  said  fifeild,  and  murthouris  and  slauchters  than  committit  vpone  the 
said  Laird  of  Lussis  freindis ;  And  of  Airt  and  pairt,  red,  counsall,  foirknawledge 
assistance  and  ratihabitioune  of  the  said  murthouris  and  heirschippis ;  And  siclyke, 
for  the  ressett  and  intercowmoning  with  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  his  complices 
that  war  at  Glenfrune,  and  resetting  of  thame  with  the  bludie  hand,  sen  the  tyme 
foirsaid  of  the  said  heirschip  and  slauchteris. 

1  Duneira.  '^  Of  the  Roro  family.  '  Grassaiche. 

^26  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Mungo  Lyndsay  of  Ballull,  Thomas  Naper  of  Barriekynrayne 

Johnne    Buchannane   burges    of    Dum-    Johnne  Naper  of  Kilmahew, 

George  Buchannane  in  Ladrische  Johnne  Sempill  of  Foulwoid 

Thomas   Fallasdaille   burgess   of    Dum-    Robert  Buchannane  in  Kippen 

Constene  Moirtoun,  Robert  Buchannane  Waltersoune 

Hew  Glen  of  LynthiUis,  Dougall  APfarlane  in  Murnagane 

Johnne  Buntene  of  Ardoche,  Walter  Blair  of  Fynnech. 

Dauid  Hadden  (Haldene)  Tutour  of  Glennageis. 

"  Verdict.  The  said  Assye,  all  in  ane  voce,  be  the  mouth  of  the  said  Robert 
Buchananne  Waltersoune,  fifand,  pronuncet  and  declairit  the  saidis  fyve  persones  to 
be  ffylet,  culpable  and  convict  of  the  haill  crymes  aboue  specifeit. 

"  Sentence  And  thairfoir,  the  Justice-depute,  be  the  mouth  of  Robert  Scott, 
dempster  of  Court,  decernit  and  ordanit  the  saidis  persones  to  be  tane  to  the 
gallouse  of  the  Burrow-mure  of  Edinburghe,  and  thairupone  to  be  hangit  quhill 
they  be  deid ;  and  thair  haill  moveable  guidis  to  be  escheit  and  inbrocht  to  his 
hienes  vse,  as  convict  of  the  saidis  crymes. 

"  Theft— Resett  of  Laird  of  MacGregor— Field  of  Glenfrune,  &a 

"  1604.  March  2.  Malcolme  M'^CouU  clerich  (Chere,  i.e.  Ciar)  1  in  Innerlochlarg  ; 
Duncan  M'^fadrik  VCoull  Chere,^  in  Innerlochlarg,  vnder  the  Laird  of  Tullibardin, 
Johnne  ArCoull  Chere,  in  the  Bray  of  Balquhidder,  and  Neill  M'^Williame 

"  Dilaitit  of  certane  poyntis  of  Thift ;  and  for  intercowmoning  with  vmqle  the 
Laird  of  ^FGregour,  sen  the  Raid  of  Glenfrune,  viz. 

"  I.  Malcolme  M'^Coull  Cleriche  (Chere)  fifor  airt  and  pairt,  and  being  on  the 
grundis  at  the  crewall  Slauchter  of  vqle  Hew  Stewart  serveand  to  my  Lord  of 
Athole;  committit  threttie  yeir  syne  or  thairby.  Item  for  Airt  and  pairt  of  the 
slauchter  of  vqle  Patrik  M'-Gregour  in  Glenbokie ;  committit  in  the  moneth  of  Sep. 
1596.  Item  for  geving  of  counsall  to  vqle  the  Laird  of  Makgregour,  his  kyn  and 
freindis,  to  pas  fordward  aganis  the  Laird  of  Luse  to  Glenfrune  and  for  convoying 
the  said  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  agaitward  (on  the  way  or  gait)  to  the  syd  of  Lochloun, 
afoir  the  ffeild ;  And  for  airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchteris  and  heirschippis  committit 
at  Glenfrune  be  the  said  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  his  complices,  in  the  moneth 
of  Feb.  1603.  Item,  for  the  tressonabill  Intercowmoning  with  the  said  Laird  of 
M'^Gregour,  and  Ressett  of  him  and  his  freindis  and  pairtakeris  that  war  at  the 
ffield  of  Glenfrune,  and  geving  of  thame  herbrie,  help  and  supplie,  in  meit,  drink, 
and  bedding,  wittinglie  and  willinglie,  at  dyuerse  tymes,  sen  thai  war  denuncet  our 
^  Second  son  of  Malcolm  chieftain  of  his  tribe,  and  ancestor  of  Innerardaran. 
-  Son  of  Patrick  Roy  M'Coull  Ciar  in  Strathyre. 

Pitcairne's  Criminal  Trials  327 

souerane  lordis  rebellis  and  declairit  tratouris,  and  sen  his  Majesties  Proclama- 
tioune,  inhibeiting  all  our  souerane  lordis  leigis  to  intercowmone,  ressett  or  gif 
countenance  or  schaw  fauour  to  the  saidis  rebellis. 

"  2.  Duncan  M'^fadrik  V^CouU  cheir,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the  slauchter  of  the  said 
Patrik  M*^Gregour;  committit  in  Sep.  1576.  Item  for  geving  of  counsall  to  the 
Laird  of  MacGregour  to  pas  fordward  to  the  ffeild  of  Glenfrune  aganis  the  Laird  of 
Luse.  and  convoying  him  to  the  syde  of  Lochloune,  agaitward,  to  the  said  ffeild. 
Item  for  wilfuU  Intercowmoning  and  geving  of  counsall  to  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregoure, 
and  convening  with  him  at  dyuerse  meittingis  and  conventiounes,  had  and  keipit  be 
him  and  his  freindis,  sen  thai  war  denuncet  his  Maiesteis  rebellis,  for  the  murthour, 
slauchteris  and  heirschipis  committit  be  thame  at  the  said  ffeild  of  Glenfrune, 
incontrair  to  his  Majesties  proclamatioune. 

"3.  Neill  M'^Williame  V^Neill,  ffor  the  tressonabill  Intercowmoning  with  the 
Laird  of  M'^Gregour,  his  kin  and  freindis  that  war  at  the  murthour  and  heirschipis 
in  Glenfrune,  and  ressett  of  thame  within  his  hous,  and  geving  meit  and  drink  to 
thame  wittinglie  and  willinglie  at  dyuerse  tymes  sen  thai  war  denuncet  rebellis,  &a. 

"4.  And  siclyk,  Johnne  M'^CouU  Cheire,  ffor  airt  and  pairt  of  the  crewall 
Murthour  and  Burning  of  auchtene  houshalderis  of  the  Clanlawren,  their  wyves  and 
bairnis ;  committit  fourtie  sax  yeir  syne  or  thairby ;  Item  off  airt  and  pairt  of  the 
Slauchter  of  vqle  Hew  Stewart,  servand  to  my  Lord  of  Athole ;  committit  threttie 
yeir  syne  or  thairby ;  ^  And  in  taking  pairt  with  the  ClanGregouris  at  the  heirschip, 
committit  the  tyme  foirsaid  aganis  the  Tutour  of  Bofrak.  Item  for  Intercowmoning 
with  the  Laird  of  M'^Gregour  and  his  complices  that  war  at  the  ffeild  of  Glenfrune, 
sen  thair  denunciatioune ;  and  geving  of  conforte,  supplie  and  freindschip  to  thame, 
contrair  the  tennour  of  the  Proclamatioune.  Item,  for  cowmone  Thift,  cowmone 
ressett  of  thift,  outputing  and  inputing  of  thift  fra  land  to  land,  fra  cuntrey  (to 
cuntrey),  baith  of  auld  and  new. 

"  Verdict.  The  Assyse,  be  the  mouth  of  Mungo  Lynsay  of  Ballull,  chancellor, 
ffand,  pronuncet  and  declarit  the  saidis  Malcolme,  Duncan  and  Neill  to  be  fyllit, 
culpable  and  convict  of  the  haill  crymes  and  poyntis  of  Dittay  aboue  writtin ;  And 
the  said  Johnne  M'^Coull  Cheire  to  be  clene,  innocent  and  acquit  of  the  saidis 

"Sentence.  And  thairfoir  the  said  Justice-depute,  be  the  mouth  of  Robert 
Scott,  dempstar  of  Court,  decernit  and  ordainit  the  saidis  Malcolme  M'^Coull  and 
Duncane  M'^Fadrik  to  be  tane  to  the  gibbet  at  the  mercat  croce  of  Edinburghe, 
and  thair  to  be  hangit  quhill  thay  be  deid ;  and  all  thair  moveabill  guidis  to  be 
escheit  and  inbrocht  to  his  Maiesteis  vse,  as  convict  of  the  said  crymes." 

From  the  "  Black  Book  of  Taymouth  "  : — 

"Item  the  said  Sir  Duncane  (died  1631)  in  anno  1603  and  1604.  hade  great 
1  Of  which  he  was  acquitted.     See  Chapter  xii.     He  was  brother  of  Malcolm  MXouIl. 

328  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

wearis  with  the  Clangregoris  at  quhat  tyme  thay  brunt  to  him  the  barronie  of 
Monzie,  the  barronie  of  Cowledair  and  Tinnaiff,  the  tuelf  pund  land  of  Achalladar, 
the  skaith  quhairof  extendit  to  ane  hundreth  thowsand  markis ;  for  the  quhilkis 
hanous  and  intollerabill  factis  eightene  of  the  principaUis  of  the  Clangregour 
wer  tane  to  Edinburghe,  and  ther  wer  hangit  and  quarterit;  quhais  names  eftir 
foUowis — 

Alester  Roy  ^rOregour  of  Glenschray  (quho  wes  hung  on  ane  pyn  about 

ane  eln  heichar  nor  the  rest), 
Gregor  M'^Ewin  V^Gregour  in  Moirinche,* 
Johne  Dow  ArEwin  his  brother  (tried  on  17th  Feb.), 
Duncane  ^FAllester  Pudriche  in  Achatue, 
WilUam  oig  M'^Neill  in  Fernay, 
Duncane  V^Allester  in  Fernay,* 
Duncane  M^Gregour  V^Neille  in  Ardewnak,* 
Gregour  ^rGregour  V^Condochie  in  Roro,* 
Allester  M'^Ondochie  V^Cleriche  in  Glengowlendie,* 
AUester  ^rEwin  V^Condochie  in  Critgarrow  (tried  17th  Feb), 
Malcolme  ^rCoulgeir  in  Balquhidder  (tried  2nd  March), 
Duncane  ArGillepatrik  V-'Coulgeir  thair  (tried  2nd  March), 
Johne  ]\rCane  VGregour  in  Glenogill  (tried  17th  Feb.), 
Patrick  AUachie  M'^Gregor  in  Corriechrankie, 
Allester  M'^Gregor  V^Cane  in  Braikhe, 
Gregor  M'^Nicoll  in  Ardbeiche  (tried  17th  Feb.), 
Malcolm  Oig  V^Olchallume  Oig  V^Dulcheir  in  Balquhidder,* 
Patrik  M'^Patrik  Ammonache  in  Glenleidnek  (tried  on  17th  Feb.). 

Besydis  thir  foirsaidis  that  wer  hangit  at  the  mercat  cros  of  Edinburghe,  thair  wes 
sundrie  otheris  hangit  thair  and  in  other  places,  quhais  names  wes  superfluous  to 

The  names  marked  with  a  *  do  not  appear  in  the  trials  recorded  in  the  previous  pages,  and  may 
have  been  executed  without  trial.  Several  names  appear  later  than  the  20th  January,  and,  there- 
fore, they  could  not  be  those  executed  the  same  day  as  Glenstray. 

List  of  MacGregors  executed  early  in  1604  3^9 

List  of  MacGregors  executed  early  in  1604,  according 
TO  preceding  pages. 

1604.     January  20 — Five  persons  executed, 

Allaster  Roy  MacGregor  of  Glenstray,  seventh  of  his  line, 

Captain  and  Chief  of  the  ClanGregor. 
Patrick   Aldoch   (Aoladh)    MacGregor,   in   Corriechrambie, 

younger  brother  of  Duncan  Abroch  and  grandson  of  Duncan 

William  (OIG)  M'^Neill  his  servant,  in  Fernan,  Loch  Tay,  son  of 

No,  52,1 
Duncan   Pudrache   M'^Gregour,   in  Achtoo,  Balquhidder,  son 

of  No,  4. 
Allaster  MacGregor  M'^Kean  (M^Ane),  younger~son  of  Gregor 

MacGregor   of    Brackly.      He   was   second    cousin   of  Patrick 


1604.     February  18 — Eleven  persons  executed. 

John   Dow  M'^Ewin,  second  son  of  Ewin  MacGregor,  Tutor  of 

Glenstray,  No.  2, 
Duncan  M'^Ean  Cham  V'Gregour,  Tutor  of  Roro, 
Duncan  VAllaster  Vrek,  in  Fernan,  No.  55. 
Ewin   MTondochie  Clerich,  in  Glengowlendie,  probably  son 

of  No.  39. 
John  Ammonache,  in  Kingart,  probably  son  of  Patrick  Ammonach. 
Allaster  M'^Ewin  V^Condochie,  in  Couldar  (or  in  Critgarrows), 

probably  No.  43. 
Gregour  M'^Neill  alias  Cownache,  probably  No.  81. 
John  M^Kean  (M'^Ane)  MacGregor,  in  Glen  Ogle. 

1  The  numbers  refer  to  List  of  1586,  Chapter  xvi. 

^  There  appear  to  have  been  more  MacGregors  executed  at  the  same  time  as  Glenstray,  but 
without  trial.  The  "Black  Book  of  Taymouth"  mentions  some  names  not  tried  till  later,  and 
other  names  which  do  not  appear  on  the  Trials. 

2  T 

330  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

Duncan  Beg  M'^Gregor  VToull  Chere. 

Allester  M'^Ewin  VTondochie,  No.  43. 

John  Dow  M'^Condochie  V'^Ewin,  probably  No.  71} 

1604.     March  i — Five  persons  executed. 

Neill  MacGregor,  in  Mewie  (Duneira). 

Patrick  Gair  MacGregor. 

Donald  Roy  MacGregor. 

Duncan  MacGregor. 

Donald  Grassaiche  M^Cadanach. 

1604.     March  2 — Four  persons  executed. 

Malcolm  M'^CouU  Clerich  (Chere),  in  Innerlochlarig,  No.  29. 
Duncan    M'^fadrich    M^Coul    Chere,   in    Innerlochlarig,    under   the 

Laird  of  Tullibardine. 
John  M'^Coull  Chere,  in  the  Brae  of  Balquhidder. 
Neill  M'^ William  V'Neill,  son  or  brother  of  No.  52. 

^  Eleven  MacGregors  are  stated  to  have  been  entered  and  all  condemned  to  death,  see  page  338. 
Birrel  only  mentions  nine  executed  on  the  i8th  Feb.,  page  325. 

Chapter   XXVII 


ATTENTION  must  now  again  be  turned  to  the  Genealogy.  The 
narrative  in  the  "  Baronage  "  at  the  period  after  the  executions  con- 
sequent on  Glenfruin  falls  into  a  very  regretable  error,  asserting  that  the 
immediate  successor  of  Glenstray  was  his  illegitimate  son.  No  such 
person  appears  in  the  "Records,"  and  Ian  dhu  nan  Lurach,  Glenstray 's 
brother,  left  three  lawful  sons,  of  whom  Gregor,  the  eldest,  eventually  suc- 
ceeded as  de  facto  Chief  The  source  of  this  serious  mistake  cannot  now 
be  discovered,  but  the  circumstances  giving  rise  to  it  must  have  been  very 
credibly  related,  before  Sir  John  MacGregor  Murray  could  have  adopted 
such  a  statement. 

For  the  better  refutation  of  the  error,  the  words  of  the  "  Baronage  "  are 
here  quoted  : — 

"Alexander   Laird   of  MacGregor leaving   no   lawful   issue   and  his 

brother  John  being  killed  at  Glenfruin  unmarried,^  the  succession  of  this  most 
ancient  family  jure  sanguinis,  most  undoubtedly  devolved  upon  Gregor,  heir  male 
in  a  direct  line  of  John  Laird  of  Macgregor  No.  12.  of  these  memoirs  of  whom 
afterwards.  Soon  after  Alexander's  death  there  was  a  meeting  in  the  old  church  of 
StrathfiUan,  where  in  Gregor's  absence  the  tribe  called  '  Sliochd  dhiul  chier '  set  up 
a  Chief  of  their  own  in  usurpation  of  his  right  \  of  which  Gregor  who  was  a  very 
fine  darling  fellow  having  intelligence ;  hastened  to  the  meeting  and  carried  with 
him  Gregor,  a  natural  son  of  the  last  laird,  a  man  of  martial  fire  who  had  been  bred 
in  his  family  and  was  married  to  his  (Gregor's)  only  daughter.  Upon  entering  the 
Church  he  found  the  new  elected  Chief  placed  in  a  chair  resembling  a  throne,  above 
the  rest ;  to  him  he  immediately  made  up  and  throwing  him  under  his  feet,  placed 
his  son-in-law  in  the  chair  without  any  person  daring  to  oppose,  and  he  was  there- 
after acknowledged  Chief  by  the  whole  Clan  except  by  his  brothers-in-law  when  they 
came  of  age." 

As  most  Highland  traditions  are  founded  on  fact,  it  is  probable  that 

^  This  is  an  error — see  next  page. 

332  History  of  the  Clan  Gregor 

such  a  scene  may  have  taken  place  ;  although  it  does  not  match  the 
ascertained  circumstances  at  this  time";  the  period,  the  actors,  and  even  the 
alleged  cause,  may  all  have  been  different,  and  no  one  is  likely  now  to  be 
able  to  cast  any  light  upon  it.^ 

John  dhu  nan  Lurag,  or  "  Black  John  of  the  Mail-coat,"  mentioned  in 
the  list  of  the  chief  houses  of  t